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THE OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL, 1 OICTLAND. SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 11. lCci.
TO USEOW GRADE OREGON GOAL Z
Comluation JpnincsStcani Engines Being Rapidly Replaced an J Doomed to' Oslerization-r A New Giant; Destined to Revolutionize GeneratJonjV: Power. V V Vv
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TWO 25 HOIWC POVBK AND ONE 163 HOIiSE POWEB GAS ENGINES D1JSBC1
CONNECTED TO ELCTWC -OENEJSATOIS. v'
; iV -Y:';; ' r'::, : 7;; ' Y'Y Y , Y ":'IYV
GAS ENGINE OP fo5t1Qja$VQWt:fd AKPQA PJdOPyCJ.
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A HOBITONTAI- TX3U3LB-ACTING, T AH DEM GA-EKG IKPS .tmti t.-t . feP.rr .
v Z50 nORSB POWES TO 5.000,02 faOOO.no25rJCWEK.TO.OPEWB.ON PKOPVCK GAS.
(Washlngrton' Bureau of The Journal.) leaa than ( nor cent of tha total ner- faa operation, ateamboaU ' and rWer
WASHINGTON. , Aog. 6. Oregon T w available for the actual work traff to will, no doubt, become a much
haa tbouaanda. perbaoa hun mauiciurin. i ney aiao xouna mure powerrui compemor io railways
t hAT In Itnllnarv lAAnmnMvaa Anlw - than hrarnfnM
dreda of thousands of acres of to t per cent of the fuel energy la ob- ' ""'
low-grade coals. Heretofore, " talned for pullinir the train. This Is So-Called Unfit Fuels Used.
they have--been valueless.
Hereafter they may be classed as !
most as valuable as -any other coal
" depoelta. because of the . proof
, that, by tranaformlns; coal Into
eras, me lowest grades of coal, even
about the same as ff a housewife took
a barrel of flour and succeeded In get- ' "Another Important fact Is that many
iLlSu" on ,msU bl,cutt th atir fuels that are not tit for use under or-
la the hone of atonnlnr this tMman.
dous waste which Is rolng on, the gov
ernment experts hare been experiment
ing; for aome time. A mnthiwl nt .m-
1 4 o-nit. ..- . . buetlon whlfh it im K1Iava win aiit-
ln the new gas motors. ; lnt this waste, haa been found In ths r o" regarded as practically of n
This remarkable announcement was f.u proaucer ana the internal combua- value. Beveral of the poorest grades of
made by the Geological Survey today, ' "01 nglne. , . v ' v r , bituminous coal have shown remarkabls
dlnary steam boilers have been . used
with ths greatest ease in the gas pro
ducer. This opens ths way to the utilis
ation of many fuels that have hereto-
Ligntte Coala Utilized.
efficiency in the cas oroduoers and the
'lignites snd peata have responded with.
Gas engines and gas producers have new generator. A remarkable feature
GS ENGlNEc5t OP 5,400 ; . ttOB)POWEJ&.
and Philadelphia with -much success. .00 horsepower over ths same home- horsepower per hoar, some ides' will be
In on.ratln. I .. '-It... ,., nt thm Ih.t NnWk n.lrn. Tk. r- .-mlJL n- i rTr-.V-. ZIZ-Z. '.Z ." T .,v.,-. vino mm will DW
-.u ir '": i7.T. -i VJ7j ' .7 .w ,".w niniuiu I ' r ism engine is piscea at ! . gained or ine enormous amount of waste . rector
xor many years, but the development CiVmI mXr-V.-., T ,A. K""?" "P"" 'lral" "J" uJTrly ngurs-tnat would appeal that Is going on In our Industries. - cent
was slow ud-unimportant nnt. the T&FteJZSVZl h -RSJKSSK &&L2!lntU!t' ,Jif!If- - ... - ,, ,..01.
. - . 7:. ,v" .r""-. . . . 1 u wmo bum a nm wui m commercial success. - ,Dtiica
uim muciiL . MriH . nrawan nw rir, miiuc, v iin airaui uvuer. ill, iikuiw ' j nrmm rinin pninra Br laMninv in nn vnia n luim, t iwi aaam . n ,H , .-. .
the aaltatlon now solnar on in Kurnna
asainsi me wrbi or ruei. rrne gas en
James McKechnle, engineering dl-
st Bsrrow-ln-Furneu. In re- .
lecture In the Technical onllaee. -
Glsscow. referring psrtlcularly to the
tlon of the mi nroH urr anelne
for fiowftp mirnrtsMi ait fry. -1 u4 ik., Ik,
"In other Industrial operations, there gas engine. If universally applied, might,'
iCCMdlNl -in UfllnsT Mft am 1 awl new inaUsUrT IOr inOSe taiesl lnt lOCttM t thN . warlniisi mins Miitri nnnnMil t wmAass . a. .nl..-.ev - as e.. . . ' r v. ......
in this way. Md with ths bis fOw lnto-lmmets nroportlon. as and ths electric wwer will be irWnil British snglner In tta " - " c""0i"u:!"Vw" L""'. ,Brod"'.
lor anthracite there was but lit- n?e,r" ".Jm.' t.i ' . mltted snd distributed to ratlroade. in- waste of the fuel resources the -Other , "' " .". 5 h;rMpower.
some - 1.009.000 " ways.
accompanied br facta elahoratlnr th
- The statement has largo eoonomla
significance. Inasmuch as It adda to the
fuel aupply of ths nation of the world,
for that matter millions of acres if
coal lands heretofore regarded as worth
Steam Engine Oslerized. . y . . that soft coal and even Units ui out fields of North Dakota and Texas are one end the centralisation of power
' ,T distribution. They
in hundreds or big manufacturing as. . r u. yivuuw. rnw ub commercially nas oeen rouna ror point to the time, snd at no distant
... m a I K va TQ.li x m.. I ,ut- . th, 1 irn 1 1 A In Ih. nmmt tUlm will Haw,1m I. . . , i . in w.
lanusnments the mdi knii - M k. - '- ' -" "
- nad au
steam engine are being oslerlsed and lignite
replaced by producer gas plants with Prices
. . . . tie eci
.7 "' . , w ..umJn many years the natural fuel of these Pow" have been received with such Institutions where electrical energy been estimated , that
. - internal combustion engines was cltv nnaenco ana enmumsnni oy engineers is needed. - The great, railroads will tons of coal
r mw ucnii smm xor it : in rat. -. hn this .. i " ana mane re rs or isrre Diants tnat tnera onerata their train, h, iAtriitv ,nH m.
several. .n.in---ii --lvr.. are alreadv in the United States alone the naaaenvera .lit h. r.. .n n..h. fni..H ZLa it.. flies In havlns enormous aunntl.a ne .large g a engine Bad Become
emntV?"C.K,"H0B ". was seldom found feasible topVrsie ?r?r ,"9 F PH7rftWJn?Vn,B- SlMto',J?e i, ok and cinders; anj average, the consumption of eoal w coal at our doors, snd that our Indui. hTTo toubt T would BlSrir
demonstrated Its ability to Droduce from i,Ihh f mora h. VT' lng In size from 1.600 to .000 horse- the railroad locomotives and th niu . hirliiBi hnrtpmw., . i. -i.i ,.ii. . . . ,i "? """"i1 wo.u,a ui"maieiy
two to nearlv three times mH nw.. Ji." u Th. ,,mh. of lnstsllstlnn. rnsd vM. -kik ... .h- -7.S. ! r.-" V .VII " rT"." .u""r "cnieve equal success in ttngiana. Jn
with a given wount or h. k1-, ..... , the persistent- Increase has Ted thi-slshtfv'nlac;." 1" " 2 : ??W0??s, " produce
steam engine. Not onlv this, hut Tt hi- ..T Kr,.V.r":; i".,nr Natlohar Board of Firs Underwriters to comoaratlvelr clsn and f nV. f mm .h M w ll.; i . " "u 'nlr
proved that the -sry poorest coals In cheap fuel promised si Tmuch that ths " !' r"'e nd requirements for smoke. Furthermore, ths Introduction ' - . engine.
.L. " practical aniicuiiiea were soon over- ; :7... ii? r; !i .7 . -r t 1 T -r-n T-r-i-iiL ' ' ' - .
V- v coai aoes in ths oome, with the result thst the internal . . luwurar. mi wimora- m. oi emoae-Deicning emmneys
""T""1 oil" lunner it hss gene- combustion engine at ones became a . ..r., "'J1 jnesej -pianis ana ins ana ins i oeioggea atmosphere ot our
snd not a dream." -
Professor Fernald but recently
pleted an estimate showlns the
ferencs In cost and oneratlnn tit a son.
horsepower Internal-combustion engine
i, j i "" ira-mimpowjr sieam engine, also
Smoke Preventer. ' the - difference between the cost and
upwrHi urn wi e.uun-norsepower in- .
heat from metal .
gas enough to
nes of 600,000
. m , , . .i " . " uioiu w aiais umk, ine ,. recently nerore ine Dinrrorosnire, Jfing.
ii Ti!. : I backbone of our Industrial prosperity ano iron ana Hieet institute, ssid that
vtilSiUS 2 iVOTltm in "ilea In havlns anortnnna .unnti.. Vr ' th Ur " engine had become A
Kingdom, and that on an having enormous supplies of .commercial success . on the -continent
fused to dT.7LrV , .! nf development of the gas engine in point
bon y k nnder team ot taa been exceedingly-raplS; It
tkiI" win ".L.ti . ' w only a few years ago that a 400
fTfm:?. sMdS. tnhr&Tx..t,noxh
wfeSJWiAK ??"?' loublacting gas engines run as
tann ine one . ..-.....-,.. w nign.as s.ouw norsepower,
nAa.lfill Itl.. t9 ll.ln. v.a, MaIb n. ajv I
lignites and peats heretofore considered
of little vslue for Industrial purposes
are a strong Indication that the gas
producer form of power wHl. within the
next few years, develop far beyond pres
ent calculation. .. i
eighties j AKead
By John Anderson" Jay ne. to a great and mighty nation. But even edre J(.i, . . .
EARLTvllvs centuries ago there h ntlo.n 'o"n America today content with what si Tlsvet - "
born In th. little, town of S" ,Lot,hd.4'?;.r,e Lth-,.,'..w"pp L .u?' continent. ImV,
Geno-. Italy, a, bog., who aft.-; storehouse.; of the fieid. and tSTwSu St cVntent" Then it 1. thit Z.VZ
ward was t.sbs known to the "Prlngs th. sees. Always there Is an tuous spirit, feeling the oreath of ths
world a. Chrlstophsr Columbus. "SiS !T.ta.-5 .2! :y.Bfh.W..?ta .."??.
Early ln.llf. hs developed, a fondnes. venturous heart of man forward, on- KT . i .' V2.". 7
miii ha 11.1. .7i. V'". ouu" y's'ci iiirver ronamon, uiw u u tHiolati fresdom . , . . . fm uvintim ik. ... n. ward, utwinl. . , .. : i.w "I?.
ni r :"r fuel testing plant, seea Immense oosal- e- . . -i. t e..-i ,. : " - " in invantinn m.,.t. ... v .. r'--"" "rlu.. nu l"" woria is aisiuroea.
JWS": ZurZttZrm eonomlc.l sy.tem.of powir prod- Fernald declare, hs has mad. th. be.t ZJISlZ-
endeavo7VthXrhrg?4tna?Io wean th. almost omplet. ; POlbl ahowlng fon th. steam .ngtn. the astrolabe had
r,"."J..rlr""n .IOT aupremacy in the cheanenlnar of nrodurtlnn hot alan in th. Vir'.iL-.' i J. .".J:. ! . -:- . " . - " - . sailors war. no longer compslled to hug vlllL A" 'r". And ws might havs been the adven
ranris, ine pnses will go . to jh.tm.r . ik. . ..Z . s- rwucuva in me cost or , is oui a xair ngure. . in conclusion hs, ... . .i... v... ..i. '-'" '"" 'neieiepnonej ioo turer. the exDlorerl Wa mi.hl have
1krBe2T K.WofPrt? nmroou 'niT,
th. n,.,..,,,..';u-V,!!,.":,""V"' producer makes no smoke la its sener- ranW atrldea in eiaetn.i 'plant Can better the ft sure given. . hut ' r . - - -j ssarconi 10 our race naa
ra taking an Intenee Interest In the 01 Pwr- : ....... JJltma the next few yenrs. Now that I doubt Very much whether ths steara"
wors now being done hv mv.ran,.. : - . . ... ".. ""n-rciauy possipie IO irsnsmit 'nlant tlanira mi ha ave.111
eiecincat power for distance of 2S0 : " . " , ,
:::ra"j...".lnn Ei''h.i8i .to ail -nd-ussv.ra- or7 ? ,,.: t
lust been TnvntadinS .M ? pond fm Bti.roT Engird,' to nVw !K pTk P"0,1 th ner : 00
Detiwr utilisation of fuel
Mf fnr ril.t.nn. .f 9r.n
mllaa nr aia.. .k. i i 1
Th. valti.vof the results of these power plant, will speedily follow. A
tSrtTZ XniV,h2 obm'of" G Saving Made Poble. .
"t!""Uon ?'.". fuel resources of ...
V & HID 1 v. UJl. V.
ttlons is of course not 11m
Boat producing section of
' says Professor Fernald, "but tlnA.thu covering an area of almost t
through ev.ry .tat. and t.rrl- iLerh.r.'hV.trtSViri 'to
ire coal or other in nun) rii.l la . vi. wi,k u . - .Z "
th. uncharted sea.
Columbus believed , that beyond fh.
can be reached."
Professor Fernald gives th. cost of
means more economy In the nnnetinn investigations is of course Jiot limited itPJ I.1 Pj"nt.50ul1. d,",rlbut ""n ' 1"? 00-horsepower gas plant at f 4S,
nr .rfwwia -, .... . " vuurni lur o iinnrff nr i o miina. uuir nn inn mnm niant r iin nnn m
larger opVrtonltrfTwtheT 10 ? 5' P"-""" section of th. that Is 26. miles either side of the; difference of 8.000' In favoj if ih.
'"'""w me irad. or the world.
Result of Experiments.' -
earn . plant. Operating both plants
extends through sv.ry .tat. and terrl- ,.0??l-1,I-.,.iS.HT.u" .Br. nr'y J00 days. hours a day. the total cost
tory wher. coal or other mlnsral fuel !-?."' M ftil.wL'u.I';-ty f?a.'.i? tt Pif 2T Jr5.PL-
. - mm vj. i, I ITTCTV ak I Wl L I7t-fl- a Wil.v ni - sag 1IVS BIBB II KJlam.Il I . II anil
n tral plants located at the various mine Th. total operating cost and fixed ahorter paasage to India tnn th.
yr. that ire befoV. S. wTuwiA'!?. n willing" to make thVixploratlon-of '
dLdVhr? uture'IrS'llki'.V IT. ,h. u.h"f 11 continent arund and in
Ganges river, In India, th.r. wa. 'a explored continent, full of possibility in. residents bl the sweet .nrlnsa!
great uncharted sea filed with-number- for adventurous wul. who fear no dan- wTi'en we mUht hav. bee'7eal b?nf.S
less Islands, all rich la mineral wealth Th, mind of man Is an nnavn'm. tor' ot tn r' " '
S4 .slt a ester was as tnX i.aea AAMllnane XTa k.a. .S -. - - a . . C 1 1 si ggei ipis :
forever washing uncut diamonds by th. itr ,1? knowledge. Before u. there are v , Mnanroom Breakg Asphalt Walk.
nii. .. 1. , .-.... .no nower. . , From the Tn1lan.nlla Mm
eat of nrof ualon He believed that there iXtl 'know J,WXi "rV. Illustration of the Woderfu strength
est of profusion. Hs believed that ther. today know -practically nothing. of growing vegetable matter 1. afforded
' . . .7 . ..v. .1 uilljr W. in
Th. Technoloaie hranet. ' tv. 1 "" " "ourc Of power. Thus In tr plants located at the various mine Th. total operating cost and fixed was a Shorter passage to India tnn th. 1"n,.,ln.IOOl i" a froceful manner by a mushroom
fi.at rifi e! th rnlt,d tn. N'w England stafe. no coal Is f.enter" the great railroad, of the Un" charge, for the ... producer plant fo? ones usually traversed and. though he ' bu,J tha . .W"i0' tHi to. ,h office of the News by.
Plates Geological Survey ha. been en- mined, but in the year 10J the steam t,!1 States caa send their trains speed- the year la U.2ili for the steam plsnt did not find It vet he did And a new to a nleaaanl n?aJ .SSn.! ?i,m J- Tru'p- The mushroom, whlcn
gaged for Several years testing eoal. for power produced through the consume, lng from th. Atlantis to the J-acino 21,7. The total saving per year land which br a U o',th edible kind, grew under th.
the use of the government andV-Tnl W flo coal and used for manufactur- cor'- . operating the producer gas plant nkmli flm Vim but Jllid HmFln. V.t U Sf th f,I,h"" P'1"""1!" ' Hit MlddH Drlw, :
r"i.7ha ThTmi "4 thss log purposes In these states cost up- "H would seem to som. chimerical to Is given at lS.116. 'with the Increased In?.. aneVanSther explorer f ,T 2f Zntht iJ TtlV, T..!J,,,f !U.tr,nth ,n Browing was sufficient ,
f'jn the poealbUltles of th. gas engln. proxfrnately 150,000,000. Th. develop- P,,c ,h dPom' 'n th ' future, of cosl of the ga. producer plant over AToon hta retu from his Tovase of noieJ-f hfn MrtfiJ' lody. Th. to bulge up th. pavement for a radlu.
or internal combustion engine, have "1"", of thl power through th. mor. i..T.- VS? .t,ve h the steam plant. It Is estimated that H-nction Tlolumbus t of the Snde- Tenvso . "lu." rf;... ?' or tfn tw nd finally
.en developed to such a tnarkens.7.1. "ffclent method suggested by these In- officials of the New York Central rail- would Ink. II months of operation of S.C!nI3 ..naTninreTenntinant . " tu" Eaters,' ready to to break off th. hump of asphalt.
. . ..r st the bes.nnlng fud VfJ nLTTS. BnrrS'-ifa-N .ri "great
. ' ' T,'" ?Z!1aU LV."!T..-- .'iy- m0l, Would point 40 mllM from th. Grand Central mime 41000 tons at a cost of 1105,000. forward to wealth and returned horn., lng 'to pres. forward. But th plcTur. BUiS a" ' P""ur. of ho
y found that t lie loast-e
n of fuel for the devel
r, heat and llxht were
"Kurtlier.lf ... j.- . . .,.in .r.,1 ..i.n.i. ..... The total operating expenses and fixed
trrxiucefi on si. .... - '"1 . .L . " ensrxes
t urifig lant.
of the 6.000-horsepower
lant are given at
lto this much cheaper aleoUla Walus bttWMa AUaaUo City operating ths gas prodL
nlrUwnl n?iiu'lp"wand r,v'r ba n't , of the electric locomotives are being producer ola
""'Vonm'iaLi' ZZti';n Rohf' and BuffMo. wl.C7h.P ,
for It. storaaV viiiZ . '"'rl b"rd The Pennsylvania, Is now operating 21.6J5. Th
i,a skvisaa. llll thla much Cheanae alalrla irnlna bataraan All.n, i- i,7. Z. .i.
bearing their trophies with them.
in the 409
vi nave namted la auna.Kt tk.
tun that h.v. Vk. ..... . -..,.-A . "n.
I141.77R. since t.'olumhus gav to the world a new enough! The business we hava ....k. ""5 amp'oy-d on all the ..
would cost continent, the hills, rivers, valleys and llshed sulTlreal Metier a,n.k .. r,r maa "nJ." four elevated
g per year by plains of the continent have been care- harder work! Greater heights means e. iJ.a an .TtJIV.?.. I ch, TZ -
icer plant of-fully surveyed and plotted and given mor. skillful climbing! . VX know to u r n wa. of from I