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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
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.DAILY AND SChDAT. .
Cm jtmt ...ST 60 I Ose atoeta. t .
To be'trusted Is a greater
compliment than to be loved.
"73 MAYOR AND COUNCIL. V .7
THK PEOPLE of Portland tare
nothing- who la president of the
council, except aa the contest
. for tha office mar indicate, a
; design or purpose to oppose unrea
sonably and spitefully the mayor on
almost every proposition, as was,
Anne hv tha malnrltT of that tnrrfiKT
council, composed in large part of
. the members of the present council.
The oeoDle barer no objection to the
mayor being opposed on any good
and reasonable ground, and honestly
and. conscientiously, but theydo-Ob
Ject to habitual and unreasonable
opposition on merely political - or
other petty , and Improper grounds.
The people of Portland, by reelecting
Mayor Lane, practically Instructed
Ik. uii.all Vim annnnrO
and aid. The people are satisfied
'with his Dollcles in general, and will
not approve opposition merely for
the sake of opposition, and to thwart
Sim when he tries to do right. . -
Several councilmen manifest a dis
position to drop this petty game! and
they are to be commended for doing
so. People will respect a councilman
for standing either with or against
the mayor. If he does so honestly
and conscientiously, but they despise
petty,, . peanut-pontics contrariety
The people's interests are the only
thing a councilman, has any right to
consider,' and the people have said
(he mayor la generally about rlgHt.
A MODERN AHAB-NABOTH
rH33 lncldent of "William Rocke
I z. feller's , winning contest with
l 1J T - .V 1
Bw v.u 1U.II ! I I IV, ... fcUV J t J . v
. malning citizen of the former
Tillage of Brandon, New York, has
lately been retold, and thus there is
again - a - modern reenactment of
something like the story of .King
Ahab and his poor neighbor, Naboth
To say that a man who wouldydo
what William Rockefeller has done
In this case is a hog ezpressea -the
truth but very mildly and insuffi
ciently, and is a slander on any hog
that there la any record of.
In buying tin some 40.000 or
50,000 acres around the Tillage of
Brandon, . Rockefeller got every
body's land but Lamora's a little
tract, only a lot or two, perhaps
and Lamora refused to selL This
may have exhibited more stubborn-
aonable, but the old man had a right
to reiuse to ten. riere at naa uvea
all his life; the hills and creeks and
glades around, and his own little
plot of home ground, were a part of
his life. Mo man had a right to
drive him away, and here he would
, The Tillage disappeared, the roads
were posted everywhere, and" re
peatedly the old man was prosecuted
tur, wuuj av low smau nan iur
his own use, .until he had no more
money to go to, law with. He was
feller's influence he lost this posi
tion and the postofflce was removed
three miles away, within the Rocke
feller demesne, and Lamora, without
being subject to prosecution tor
trespass, could not go to the post
, office or anywhere else off his own
mall premises. -At last he was a
prisoner tn-hls own home, tshut off
by the modern Ahab and Uncle Sam
irom an communication with the
' world. ;.' 7:7. .La ..
It would be easy to criticise the
aisposuion or . tne persecuted old
man. If he was offered a good price
for' his land: we .might have some
difficulty in picturing him as an
anael: but 'it is easy to place him
infinitely bove ! his. persecutor- la
character. We all remember what,
according to another Bible story, be
came of DivesY""At any rate, .the
country generally will hope ibat old
man Lamora will succeed in his. ef
forts to get his postofflce back, or
at least the privilege of getting his
mall.Jand that the Rockefeller min
ions will r.ot catch him catching
Tliere U r Jtzcbol la Tidcnc In
the Rockefeller family, and if there
were William would not resort to
the trick of having Lamora charged
with heresy and stoned to death, not
because his heart Is any better than
Abab's, but because . times and
customs have changed a little. - The
same spirit is displayed, and Uncle
Sam cannot afford to lend his assist
ance to Ahab Rockefeller, but should
rather give aid and comfort to the
Naboth of extinct Brandon.
HE Eugene' Guard quite natur
ally resenta some unjust criti
cism that have been made re
garding that city ' water.
streets and walks, and pardonably
presents a mora pleasing picture of
the university town. It admits that
the water is not yet Quite all that is
desired, but says that "next Septem
ber the question of issuing f 100,000
bonds will be voted upon and carried
by a large majority, and after that
the city will be In a position to do
business. Either they will buy . the
present plant, and Improve It so as to
meet all requirements, or they will
construct' an entirely new ' system
that will solve the Water problem In
Eugene for many years to come, if
not for all time. That la the pro
gram' as it haa been arranged and
It la going to be carried out."
No town of its size, asserts the
Guard, has better or cleaner streets
and walks, nicer lawnsorgreiUr
civlo pride. That Eugene has began
to be progressive,-If it-haa not been
so before to as great an extent as
was desirable, Is shown by the sub
scription of 160.000. to the stock, of
the proposed Sluslaw railroad.
The whole state naturally takes an
interest and - a Trlde in - Eugene,
rather more than In any other city,
unless It be Salem, the capital, be
cause It .is tne nome.oi xne siaie
university, ' and : everybody In ' the
state Is pleased to know of the pro
gresslveness and attractiveness of
the pretty and growing city at the
bead of the Willamette valley.
ELKS AND ELKS.
E ARJ5 .pleased tq,note .that
' the Elks' convention in Phil
adelphla, ' after discussion,
appointed a committee to
consider the 'proposal to cease, the
destruction . of jlfour-footed, elks to
gain their teeth, and adopted a reso
lution to cease wearing- elks teeth
until this committee bad reported to
the "next convention; but we-regret
that the Oregon biped Elks were
among the'opponents of this bnmane
.Two men were arrested in Idaho
recently for having slaughtered with
in a short time over 1,6 6 0 elks -one
report says over 1,700 for their
teeth alone, leaving their carcasses
to rot These men, it was said, at
tracted these beautiful and Innocent
animals by hundreds to certain spots
by scattering grain or feed that they
were fond of, and when they had
assembled in large numbers slaugh
tered them by the dozens or scores
at a time. It was further stated
that this was done to fill an order
for 10,000 elks' teeth,though.vwe
suppose this order aia not come irom
the Elks aa an order, but from some
dealer in teeth.
Thie ''benevolent and protective"
order owes it to Itself and to its
thousands of members who are good,
humane, law-observing citizens to
take measures to stop this slaughter
of elks for this purpose. The Elks
will Increase in number, causing an
increased demand for teeth; while.
the four-footed elks, at this rate,
will soon disappear, as the buffaloes
did, so that at some hot far distant
time some other emblem - must be
used. : It is time now to change the
emblem, or somehow lessen the de
mand for elks'.' teeth, .and stop this
unlawful, crnel and Insensate alaugh
ter of beasts that, aa well as we, are
bod's creatures and entitled, unless
tiieydo - damage or. are .needed .lor
food, to life, liberty. nd the Dursult
of happiness. : . .
OME Republican leaders have
been visiting President Roose
velt, and the report is that
they all agreed . that ' there
should be no attempt to. revise the
tariff at the next session of con
gress, but that the party In Its plat
form should promise to revise It soon
after the election, two or three years
hence. It would be suicidal for the
party, it was said, to attempt to
revise the tariff next year. We
don't see this cjearly. . Planning to
promise to revise the tariff right
after election is an admission that it
ought to be revised, or that the peo
ple want it revised. It might not be
practicable to revise it throughout,
next year, but a lot of duties clearly
far too. high, especially those on
(rust-made goods, could be cut down,
aa -an earnest that the proposed
promise would be fulfilled.
3V have no tatta: la, . jjlaUorm
' f .i
promises,, nor in the sincerity of
many of the political leaders. If
the Republican party . promises to
revise the tariff it will do so because
Its leaders believe the people , are
bound to get the tariff revised. But
having got in oa the promise, there
la no assurance . that performance
will follow. Platform promisee are
often broken. But we Incline to the
opinion that It the party is in power
la 1901 and 1910 the tariff will be
somehow revised. The demand of
the people could not longer be re
But how win the tariff be revised t
There might be revision that would
be no benefit to the people and that
would be satisfactory to the trusts.
Tariff revision by its friends Is to be
suspected. Thepresent tariff ought
to have no friends. It is a robber.
the greatest on earth. There must
be a tariff, of course, but protection
ought to b pretty well eliminated
from It. The tariff needs not only
revising but revolutionising.
REFORM IN DES MOINES.
. . ,
DES MONE3 and . Indianapolis
are the only considerable
northern ' cities - that ' . have
adopted the Galveston com
mission plan of municipal govern
ment, and In these cities the Gal
veston plan hai not been strictly car
ried out. We have no details at
hand of the reported new Indianap
olis charter,- but Des Moines has
adopted the Galveston plan with
some modifications and perhaps Im
provements. The people ,ot Des
Moines were driven to this move
ment because the city had long been
in the hands of a corrupt Republican
ring. . Jhat Jised .the city, government
for bad partisan purposes in connec
tion with state and national politics
very commen state of affairs in
cities, and in which it was recently
sought to place Portland . Des
Moines Is the state capital and a
county seat, and the state and county
politicians combined with municipal
office-holders and .office-seekers to
do up the people until conditions be
came so unendurable that they re
belled - and revolutionized their
form of municipal government. .1
First the discontented and dis
gusted honest voters tried to eWt in
dependent candidates to the council
and other municipal offices, but that
failed; then they proposed and voted
oa a new charter transforming the
city government, "and this carried.
The ring fought hard, but the com
mission plan won,,' and the legisla
ture and governor have ratified the
charter . approved ; by the , popular
rote. Under this charter a non-par
tisan primary will be held to -nom
inate members of a governing com
mission, the five receiving the high
est vote to be its members, the voters
to choose one of them for mayor,
who will receive $3,500 a year, the
commissioners 93,000. The duties
of the commissioners will be much
the same as those of Galveston, re
cently mentioned in The Journal-
each to be the absolute maater In one
department. The charter also pro
vides for the recall by petition, and
a . special election to f HI vacancies
thus or otherwise made. ' i .
, Des Moines Is a city of about 100,
000 Inhabitants, and the result of
this change will be watched with in
terest throughout the country.
. THE HAYWOOD CASE.
VwOBODY DOUBTS that Orchard
told eood deal of truth, and
X 1 la some points his testimony
r has been corroborated by un
lmpeached witnesses, yet he is such
an all-around villain thay it Tnay
wen be doubted If the Jury in the
Haywood case will convict on testi
mony given principally by him. That
Orchard has told a good deal of truth
does not negative the possibility that
he may be doing a good deal of lying,
as he has done all his life. He
seems to have had a mania for lying
about what he had done, and that
a man that would commit the crimes
of which . he is guilty, would not
scruple to perjure himself on slight
provocation may be a reasonable con
clusion. . Perhaps his profession of
conversion through the Instrumen
tality of . a Plnkerton, detective
weakens rather than strengthens his
credibility. That the deeds ; were
committed, that Orchard haa told a
good deal that is true, and that there
la an apparent lack of motive for his
lying about the defendants, are the
strong points against Haywood. But
the Jurors, or some, of them, are
likely to balk at hanging a man of
apparently good character hitherto
while this confessed wholesale assas
sin ; Is unhung and professing
The regrets of the old king of Ko
rea at being obliged to abdicate are
quite natural, but he Is not likely to
receive any aid to maintain or regain
his position nor much sympathy In
the loss .of his throne. It may be
that abstractly, the Japanese have no
moral right to usurp power In Korea,
but this consideration will be of Jittle
weight against the tact that their
government of It win no doubt be of
great advantage not only to. them
selves, but to thw Koreans, who have
no great reason for maintaining their
present government. .The Japanese
win make a fine country of Korea-
There is no doubt that Harrlman
will get busy building through cen
tral Oregon it he is sure somebody
else Is going to build right away If
he doesn't - He builds roads In Ore
gon only when thus forced t&.do so.
Letters From tKc People
- . More Nature Faking T
ArUt rw- julv it. To- the Wlltor
of Th Journal Jn laat yradnasdiys
paper you publlshad aa article from the
Indianapolis Journal entitled "A Wren's
Appeal," written' br I E. K. Would
not such aa article property belon to
tha Hat of animal atorlaa eondamnad
1T the praatdcntT Cartaia It la from
mat aiory, xnai mat wnn "l
precocious bird, capable of a nlga d
nr ,of roaaonln- what alaa oould It bo
called when a bird approaches a human
being and In blrd-lanfiiage aka that an
enemy -.might be driven awajrT I -fear
that L.KK.U likely candidate for
Prealdent Rooaevelf Ananias club.
Even' the higher animals are Incapable
nf reaaontng, to ear nothing of such a
little mite aa a wren. Waa that article
Intended . to -bring out the queatton of
the so-called "reasoning power" -eup-poeed
to be poneeaaed by the mere ani
mal T If eo I should like very much to
ie it dlaouaaed through your oolumna.
For myself I am of the opinion that ani
mals do not reason.
Suggestions From a Conservative.
"Portland, July ITo the Editor of
The Journal The Journal of July 17
quotes a: Portland real estate man and
as "The. Journal - ear s, "a wen-known
financier.' as follows: ,
"I have beard ultra-conservative bust
aena men here deprecate and, deplore
what they misnamed the real estate
boom that Portland is now supposed to
behavtng. Whet a mlatake. " There 1s
nn boom hare. Valuta have been made
by the natural opening up of what for
yeare waa a dormant field.
The Journal had otated that this
"woll-known financier" had, in a few
months, made a fortune In buying and
selling Portland real eetate; certainly
a eugaeatlon of somewhat of a boom.
But no matter what the movement may
be called It is manifestly In the di
rection of high prices, which the ten
denov of the time Is to confound with
prosperity, but which the ultra-conserv
ative ouaineea men 01 x-oritano. my rv
Iard as the forerunner of a 'collapse,
ny war, in the contest among Pacific
coast cltlee for commercial supremacy,
high ground values are a .handicap, and
a. very serlons one, rather than an ele
ment of strength. A building occupied
by a mercantile dompany la a coast
city coat 1250,000 and the grounds upon
which It stands coat $600,0(50. Obvlous
ly the lower the rent the stronger the
merchant's position to compete In the
markets. Other things being equal the
lnwer the rents the larger the market a
city is aoie to command, ana cities are
aunnorted by the business they carry on
with the ,world outside themselves. The
conservative buslnsss men of Portland
Show good Judgment fn disapproving the
met nous tnat nave ODtainea. especially
during the last two years In the two
cities cited bv the real estate man. The
tract of 188 acres adapted to manufac
turing purposes, reported sold here re
cently for 10,000 would probably have
coat several hundred thousand In no bet
ter situation for manufacturing In
either-of those cities.
Besides occupying the strategic posi
tion of) the whole Pacific coast and
cities are made by their railroads more
than by their shipping, though nature
gave Portland better shipping conditions
tnan it gave Mamnurg fortiana nas an
Ideal townslte, and large enough to hold
Ixmdon. so that land- can never be cor
nered and business held up by specula
tors. But the impression Is prevalent every
where that Portland people are slow,
and the admonition to get In and pull
together is not amiss. And yet, as Cap
tain Bunsby said to Captain Cuttle,
"the bearing of which obserwatlon de
pends upon the application of It." While
not-air booms are deprecated there are
many ways in which the people all
classes of Portland can pull, and the
conditions give reason for boundless en
thusiasm. The only Question Is that of
direction. ' I will mention but two. One
la that Portland provide lteelf with a
railroad along the Columbia to Pasco,
even If the river has to be crossed twice
to provide trackage, to such -trunk
lines as may need to "use it; also tsr
mlnal facilities here. -
The other Is that Portland have, by
some means the service of lines of steel
steamships to Alaska, and to the orient,
ships similar In model and eonntructlon
to some that are running on the groat
lakes, described by Secretary Tart in
his PAnama canal report (00 feet long,
60 feet wide and SO feet draft.' I under
stand that such vessels may be larger
more tonnage and at the same . time
less draft; say 18 feet,
i . , - H. WILLIAMS.
The Orcgoniaa's Attack on Colonel
Portland. July 1. To the Editor cf
The Journal When a newspaper allows
personal spite and bitter animosity to
vent themselves In continued attacks
in Us editorials it cheapens the caper
and Is to be deplored. For the Oregon-
tan-to retaliate so Dittany in its editor
ial columns Is far beyond - what Mr.
Wood's remarks at the Press club ban
quet called tnr and certainly undlgnlfles
the paper. Mr. wood naa tne right to
make such remarks as he saw fit and he
dealt entirely In generalities. The edi
tor or tne uregonian certainly naa tne
right to criticise him and to differ with
him. but when he prefers to use gall
for Ink and stoops to a personal attack
upon Mr. Wood, not because their views
do not coincide but because he wlnhes
to . vsnt his - spleen - upon Mr. Wood
whenever he haa a chance, then he
goes beyond the broad fine criticism
that mlsht be hoped for In the columns
of the Oregonlan and simply uses the
paper te maliciously persecute some one
tie has clearly .shown he dislikes and
try to prejudtoe the public No wonder
that this kind of Journalism called forth
Mr. Wood's disgust and denunciation.
There are, no doubt, to be found good
honest men in even such' professions
oa the newspaper and legal, but It le
certain that in the present Instance the
"unparalleled boorlshnees" was not on
the part of Mr. Wood, who spoke cour
teously and gentlemanly In every way.
This can hardly be said of the person
who wrote tne enitnnei or xne itn in
discussion.- To criticise and differ as
to oplnfons is in every sense proper and
open to discussion, put to stoop to
muo-snnging ana personalities is more
than unfortunate for the paper's renu-
tat Ion. Moreover, , the very unfairness
and perversion of truth complained cf
by Mr. Wood Is quite apparent through
out the editorial, as his views have been
much distorted or misunderstood. It
unfortunately Is - hot conclusive that
slander and perversion of truth mean
.financial suicide of a newspaper, er
there would be Very few newspapers
allva today. Witness the Oregonlan.
But the publlo Insist on at least being
emueed, if not Instructed.
However, the Intelligent publlo Is
quite able to draw its own conclusions
and while It Is a pity that the Oregonlan
Is forced by euch remarks to) lose much
of its fineness snd prestige It Is up
r.srent Enough, to many who the "In
terest behind the paper" Is that influ
ences them. .
. (MM jjimaauara ox cucawLet
Conditions in Cnina
By tr. J. Bunter Wells, la Seoul Press.
The buslnsss, political and religious
situation In China today, as viewed from
Shanghai, presents soma Interesting and
contradictory phases. ' That there Is a
deep feeling of discontent among the
masses f Chines In Shanghai, seems a
faot, though 1 board -on resident there
say It was not so, and that everything
waa serene, while aa up-country real-
dent said there was aa undercurrent of
distrust and a feeling which, though he
did not Bo-deslgnata It, was elearly aatl
foreign. There Is a freely expressed
fear that, when tha tramway la opened
trouble will follow, for thousands of
ricks Ha. w men think It meaas th lessen
ing f their chances to make a llvell.
hood. This la th main phase of th fo
cal situation.- Aa Indefinite fear of
trouble which some residents there
think to be without foundation, while
other think that there Is strong reason
for its existence. The fact that the
International guard Is constantly drill
ing so- aa to be able to prevent another
riot like that of laet December, and
that all the nations, from Japan to Aus
tria, are working together to prevent an
outbreak seems Indicative of something.
The Shanghai Volunteer corps, which Is
mad up of eltlsons who- drill weekly,
and which , has skilled officers from
various countries appointed - to ; look
after it, shows that the people there
think such a thing necessary. . . .
. . e e e . , . ; '
t was told that business was not sat
Isfaotory, -That some of the firms had
bought large supplies looking to Man
churia with the epen door idea for a
ready and profitable market, but that
somehow the door la rusty after Us long
closing b Russia, and th new condi
tions now prevailing there are quite un
satisfactory for trade. This, however,
has been fully Vrltten tof by experts
Who have visited the regions, and of
ficial reports are publlo to those who
wish to inquire further. - .
-A striking thing to m was th fast
pac at which, generally speaking, the
people live. I know of no other cities
except Chicago and New Tfork In which
th pace Is so f asW It-4-. .th rul for
clerks and others to live up to the limit
of their salary, and, ceasing work at
?.-tn.,-w1th a half holiday on Saturday,
hey work harder at play than they do
at real work In the buelness houses. I
also noticed the same apparent Indiffer
ence to customers In Dig and little
houses, banks, etc., that I noticed eight
years ago. An undue or exaggerated
AhunitlntiinMi la worae than indlffer
once, but the happy medium ' Is not
known of In certain house In Shanghai.
The um. man In the same business in
London or on the continent, I have no
llced, 1 a vastly different creature
whn transferred to a nort in Asia, and
this "vast dlffernc- will b on of
th things which, with other routed,
will make It easier for Japanese and
Chinese to get back business now in th
control of other nations. Another thing
was .the enortnou proms required py
merchants In the forolm concession.
Articles of known value are charged for
at price eonslderaolv greater man noe
for which Individuate can Import them
retell The necessities of life la food
and clothing are cheaper than in either
Japan or Korea. Korea Is a much more
expensive place to 11 v In, - as regards
necessities, than Shanghai and Shang
hai Is of course more expensive than th
Interior, cities. And.yet.lt costs more
to live In Shanghai for superfluities
must b naa ana paia ror,
Th profeaslnnal beggar was a Strang
feature especially to one from Korea.
where beggars are rareiv seen. Here in
Pvenrrana- there are not half a dosen.
and only one or two regularly come
around for money, there on road, that
leading to th celebrated Pagoda, some
six miles out from Shanghai, was lined
with them. That Is they were never out
or eight: ; some witn seii-inrnciea
uuiiu. mr mm w v '
formed, some sturdy and abi bodied
men, women ana cnnaren. anowina
nothing but th art of begging, and
whose buslnees Is kept up by the fact
that the Chlneee give, thinking that by
so doing tnev get to tnemseives menc
So much for some superficial obser
vation on bnslnees in Shanghai.
Th political condition I hav al
ready alluded to that I th local, for
th general are too much for me for I
believe that the moat aatut diplomats
are amased by what Is happening. One
thing which Impressed me . was that
China haa some strong men. If condi
tions permit of thee men getting to or
being nlaced where their advice and
Idea can be carried out, we shall see
a rapid advance In the betterment of
China. At th same time I am one of
the few who ar inclined to think that
th dismemberment of th empire will
b necessary for the best good of the
people and the country. A northern, a
central and a southern China, with fed
eral agreements, each with some outside
guarantee of stability and. for senti
mental reason and for praotlcal good,
ton supreme authority: each of the
countries to be Independent as the states
of Europe something like this, I appre
hend, will have to b don before the
hug empire can be properly worked
from a political standpoint.
Harrlman on Sea and ,Land. .
- From th Commoner. ..
E. H. Harrlman disobeyed orders on
tha HarrardrTal jrac course and mat
with a great surprise. ' A naval lieu
tenant whose duty it was to keep the
course dear and enforce orders, had the
extreme Impudence to aotually arrest
Mr. Harrlman just th same a any
other common offender might have been
arrested. And when Mr. Harrlman
shook his finger at Chairman Schweppe
of th regatta commute and shouted:
"Toung man, I'll so you later," the
people within earshot merely ,1a ugh od.
Lieutenant Bulmer, the officer j who ar
rested Mr. Harrlman. -took his prisoner
aboard the revenue cutter Ore ham and
kept turn there until after th rao was
oVer. Then he was permitted to go on
his own recognisance, but th Harrimaa
motr boat was tied up at th navy
Mr. Harrimaa is not used to that sort
of thing. He is accustomed -to -bavins'
his own way. In oourt and out On
land no on . In authority thought of
having him arroeted for hi arrogant
violation of the law, but on water it
was different Perhaps It would b a
good Idea to eend all of our Judicial and
executive official to sea for a while
In order that they may learn how to
enforce laws and rules and while thav
ar learning let the naval officer com
on snore ana utt the judicial and exec
utive place for a while. Until they
learned the. methods of distinguishing
between th people ' of high and low
financial dasree we mlsht have nrettv
fairly good enforcement of the law a ,
1 ITrnm tha Kow York- Timas.'
Passing one of the most elegant Jew.
dry store In Boston not long ago, the
writers attention waa arrested by
ver bowl of exquisite design In one of
the windows. Upon Inquiry it waa
found that th artisan wa a pupil In an
American board school in Anmednagar,
India. . The boy attend school half of
we aay ana tne worxsnops in otner
half. Finely wrought article In brass
and copper, a well ss silver ar finding
their way Into New England and Canada
t fair prices. Another Industry In th
same school I rug weaving. On of
th largest importer of oriental rugs
In Amorloa seleoted and sent to Ahmed
nagar som oholc patterns which- ar
being reproduced la- snoot satisfactory
manner by the boy. . Other students
hav become excellent cabinetmakers
nd turn out hnusshold furniture of the
best workmanship. A school of arts
and crafts for women and girls la the
city of Bombay I supported by a com
mittee of ladles In New Tork City.
Scholarship are sent from America and
are open to girls from any denomina
tion. Thus youth Of both sexes in far.
off India are being trained In Christian
school to b self-supporting men and
women. The fruits of their Inhors my
be termefl only the by-produo'h of mis.
slonary effort, but they hav btn moral
aod, cogiinetfilai jtalua, j
WKy Commit Suicide,
By Arthur Brisbane, la th New Tork
. Her is an exact copy of a letter sent
te th dltor of this newspaper:"
Editor Newyrork Journal Dear Sir-
Very few of your editorials have es
caped my reading for th last two
years. . In many of these editorial you
pay speola) attention to will power.
I am exceedingly ambitious, bat x
tremely w oak-minded. Suicide la in my
mind constantly, especially after som
temptation ha swept ma oft my feet
and my mind wavers so muoa. that X am
In a stat of perpetual misery,
I am sur aa editorial in th Evening
Journal regarding th eultlvatloa of the
Will would help thousand of young
men Xik myself.
A. TOUNO MAN IN DESPAIR..'
.It lis a pathetlo letter, and It must be
answered. We snail begin by asking
th young man sum questions:
Tou say that you yield to temptation
and then want to kill yourself. What
good would It do to kill yourself! Tou
would prove yoursslf a coward, you
would aohiev nothing eleer ,
. If you don't Ilk- this life, ar you
sur that th other aid of th grav 1
any brighter than this sldsf
. A man may feel gloomy when the sun
doesn't hln. but h doen'V climb
rinwn into the cellar or Into a sewer.
He makes up his mind to do bis tost
until th sun comes out again.
Don't you -euppose that millions Of
men are discouraged and have been dis
couraged, and with far greater reasons
than your reasons T Can you- not realise,
aa -they, realised, that what makes life
worth while 1 the chance to fight and
to prove yourself aot a cowardt Suicide
Is another word for oowardlce. .
The only thing that is really worth
while I manly effort. And th harder
?ou struggle the more pride you ought
o take In your determination to fight It
How long do you suppose you can llv
at mostT Only a fw years. Death will
come and get you soon enough; you
have nothing to gain by. hurrytnghtm.
- So far as you know, the only ohanoe
that you will vr bav Is In your hand
now. Th now you know about All th
rt la belief or guesswork.
Tou have a chance to prove yeuraalf
a decent courageous man now.
Ton have a chance even yet to prove
yourself worthy of your mother and th
car that sh gave. you. . I a cow
ardly suiold to repay her for Buffering
courageously sndured. and for years of
i.xmj tMnklne? about the tempta
tions that attack you and about ulcld
simultaneously, why not think of those
temptation with oontempt and -hatred
and an absolutely definite determination
to overcome them? .
... i e e e r
Tou ask this newspaper to writ aa
editorial regarding th eultlvatloa of th
Will power means turning your face
la the, right direction and walking in
th right direction. Turn away from
the .cowardly thought of suicide that
Is th poltroon's thought. -
Tou know in whloh direction tempta
tion v Ilea. Turn in th othr direction.
Tou can do that If you want o. All
you require is to want to do what you
ought to do. .
1 What is it that attracts you and over
comes youT la it drink or gambling, or
om drug, or som other weakness or
vice? Do you love this folly so that
you 'would rather die a cowardly and
ahetnaful death than slv It UDT
.Tour idea. concerning cultivation of
the will I a good id, i n way to cul
tivate the will te to us It - If you did
not us your feet for a while you would
not be able to walk. If you lived for a
few years In a dark cellar and did not
uss your eyes, your sign wouia go.
Brine back your will by exercising It
and do it systematically. There is a
great deal more tua and triumph In
Aventnmlnar tha vicious nromDtlnca that
discourage you than in creeping out of
ui vie uj. uh ivhiw
Many very 1 good men bav contem
plated suicide in their despair, and have
subsequently risen to great success and
honor, to rejoice that they overcame th
cowardly Impulse. May you be such a
one. When you think of aulcld. laugh
at yourself nj dsnounc yourself a a
coward with dull reason.
Llfs lasts only a few yeare. Tou
would smile at on of those yellow but
terflies if you saw It trying to drown
itself in a mud puddle,, and you would
say to It "Don't be in such a burry, the
first cold nap will end you."
Th man that talks bf sulcld Is a
foolish a a yellow butterfly would be
trying to end it few days la th mud
puddle. ' '
In dvloplnir your win, try o think
about yourself and more about som on
thing that you can do. .
Mak out fixed hour for going to bed
and getting up, and stick to them.
However small your Inoome may b.
mak up your mind to sav part of it
and stick to that v
. Whatever the temptation may b that
attack you, mak up your mind to fight
it and, beat It - .. ....
Tou ar no graat exception. Llf Is
not such a very gay and perfectly de
lightful thing at its bsst We ar all
her to do something, and If the old, th
poor, can stand brutal and unjust treat
ment from others, living and bravely
fighting under it you can stand your
own weaknesses and shortcomings and
Jive and fight under them.
We write an answer to your letter, not
coldly or Indifferently - but in a way
that seems most desirable under th cir
Just remember this: Ton may not
keep from being a failure. Tou may not
keep yourself free from sorrow and dis
appointment . -
But you can kt from being a cow
ard. Do that and you will already hav
achieved something. ; -
This Date In History. ' J"
' 1011 Dth Of Robert th Wis, king
of Franc. ,
1241 French defeated Henry XIX at
1304 Petrarch, th Italian poet, born.
tHed U7. j .. ' j
- 1888 First of a series of ens-ar-
mants between the English fleet and
Bpanisn Armaaa . . 1
1820 Champlaln, after the capture of
Quebec, taken prisoner to England.
1808 Spanish defeated the French at
i860 im.niei weDsrer or Massachu
setts became secretary of state.
UM Fattl of Peach Tree Creek.
. 1I8 -Gladstone's cabinet resigned. -
1881 Riotous miner at BrleevlU,
Tennessee, refused to allow oonvlots to
work la th mines. -
1888 Trial of Dr. Jameson and his
fellow raiders in the Transvaal began
1887 Jean Ingelow. English coatees.
died. Born-1120. , . ,
The Negro In Cambridge.
Fromj th Minneapolis Journal.
Th New Tork Sun ' notes ths
political facta from Cambridge,
Massachusetts: A black alderman
on board with 18 - white col
leagues; two negro representatives In
tha lrrlslature. ohoson by a malorltv
of whit voters: seven members of th
common council or A mean descent j
negro chief of the fir department, of
which he 1 the only man of oolor; a
nesro member of the library- board: a
netrro at th head of the city department
of bacteriology; a black commander of
a O. A. K. post; an almost pur negro
woman anting aa principal of grammar
school, with six whit pupils under hsr.
What would not Br er Tillman give to
be in that town for a wall to straight
a out matters! t -. -
Meant It All. v .
Frem the" Kansas City. Btaf. t
In explaining what he meant when he
said, "There Is something wrong in the
rmy." General . Franklin J Bell, Chief
f staff, makes It reasonably plain that
b meant .wbaV he said. . .
Small Chznje i
'... i -
Think of etioh a friend of th tariff aa
Uncle Jo Cannon revising it -y.
- e e - . .
Another body of coal has been dis
covered in th Meadows district in Jack
son county. ,
i r' s
If Schmlta can think a Is mayor
.ZA VJn, .Thmp' wm U "
Oregon has bow another funny dtor
h of th new Jacksonville Post He
maks bis readers laugh, .
. - . e .
A Polk county man picked ever u
ton of oherrlee, worth 81,880, or 11,010
net, ' from 148 trees, ooverlng a little
over aa aor of ground. , .
1 ' - '. e e '( ' "
, It ha bean demonstrated that Wal
low valley I - especially adapted for
raising blackberries, dewberries and
raspberries, says th News-Record.
e . e ; - ;
Th past three month bav broken
all record lnith history of th hotel
buelness In Roseburg, for many year,
due largely to th arrival of eastern '
people. . '..
. . . ; e e . . ' "
boxes of Royal Annes from on tree
""n va pox, masiDg in
return so xar IJ. Fully 10 box
re mala on th tree.
A woman found a stone on the beach
at Newport with the initials L M. T.
n wnw siue, ana on in etner th in-.
script Ion: - "In memory cf Captain B.
T.Tylor of H. M. 8.. Apollo, who was
$72? lB Adriatic, February 24,
' - ,
Oold Hill News: . Lt year thor
wore nearly 8.000,000 salmon eggs taken
from the river at' By bee's bridge by
th water bailiffs. On of th bailiffs
Informed u that this year there would
not be 800 If the existing condition
were still continued.
e . e
An Ashland bachelor, while sewing
on burton swallowed the old rusty
needle was using, and next day, uf-
faring excruciating pain, sought a ur
reon. who cut it out of the rousole of
th abdomen wall. It having worked al-
most through - tha bowel tissues. Th
man started back the sain evening to
tend his sheep, a llttl sor but not se
e . s '
- D. C Ireland of th More Observer
boast that he "haa a record of 48
years newspaper work in Oregon; and
on hi .seventy-second birthday annU
versary, July 4, 1807, wa sticking up
type In Moro, recording event of th
on hundred and thirty-first annlveraary
of American independence, and the cor- ;
onatlon of Mra Mary Ramsey Lemons
Wood, raothar queen pf Oregon, aged
110 yeara"' . - . - -
. Oregon Sidelignta
. Watch your. Japan servant; he may,
o a py or a soldir . . ....
.- e e v .
" A Boston heiress, being covetous of
mora wealth, married a plumber.
If Hobson will charter a boat and r
o-rer and flgbt Japan nobody will object
" ' " ---;--
A -negro struck another on over the
had with a big chunk of .'c. which waa
shatt , . m ..f'. , . .. ,
Teddy baa been making batter ue cf
a - pitchfork - than Tillman sometime
docs of pis. v ,a 0 : . .
Being tvied In a Oerman. Instead (
an American, oourt. Professor Hau aaa
aeadx, his finlatw.t-, t--i-.
Tha Taft boom seems to- bav dimin
ished somewhat lately, but it doesn't
follow that It will ooilap nUrly.i.
A South Dakota widower advertises
for a dumb wife. But a dumb woman
might be unusually mean and muscular.
At laat San Franc! sco baa a mayor, . .
for a few days at least, who so far aa
known shouldn't be In th penitentiary.'
v e ..e- , .-
Old Oeronlmo gets ' religion quit .
often, but can't keep It long. In this
he Is just Ilk T good many "Boston" '
mn. . ' (
- There are thre heaven, says' a
preacher. There I th en w bav
reed about, and Oregon, and whsre la
the other onet , . .
'-Stat pension bill were vetoed this
year in Minnesota, New Tork and Penn
sylvania. Som governor ar useful aa
well as ornamental. "
....... - e e '
A Swarm of bees settled en $80
Benton county dog and ung him
death. It 1 supposed he mistook thetn .
for an overgrown lot of flea. .
. , v . " - '' e . ...... , , .' . -
A farmer near Albany has a stalk of '
corn 8 feet 4 inches high and says v
corn caa be raised usr wall aa any
where, particularly on the bottom land.
-' e v - ' '"
- Rockefeller's daughter say h Itva
la th cloud a That 1 th reason he
1 o hard to find when wanted soma-
time. But many think that b belong
unaer a oioua.
. .: e e
Now that Conaft Do-rle Is to b m
rled. Sherlock Hotmea can kill hinge!' I
of with an overdose of dope uy Dr.
Watson" can attend to hi own proper
business. , .
1 - '
For collecting f 8,000 life Insurance,
where no lawsuit waa Involved, a New
Tork lawyer charged a widow $1,088.78,
and the court ordered him to put It all
back but t00. But he ought to hav
been prosecuted for larceny or extortion.
; Eaet lid Bank for East Bid
y V - Sid Popl. i
4 per Cent on
Interest Compounded 1 Semi
SAVINGS BANK '
kbtot Ajrs wixtiAM arm.
' Start a savings account b
. depositing one dollar an'
thereafter a much ss your
earnings win permit..
It will surprls you how fast
th aooount will grow.
George W. ' Bates, .
J. a Blrre .'..,.,. .
. , .Cashier