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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
DGE OF THE JO
At' IITDKPENDEHT JBWPAM.
C I. Jacaeoa
f-qbMahea' Ttrr tnilsi ept StioaaT) ao4
W Plltlir BOTDlol, ( IDe a-ournai ow'u
." inc. Mrik ana xaaihlU itraiu, for I land. Or
BMara t tlx MtcrriM at Portland. Or..
traaamlaak tkroaik lae maU u eacood-claaa
T1XSPH0NB MAIN T17S.
' IIS aeparrmaata warned br thla asaber.
TU tee ayrator-rx arparimaoi yog wnu
gOBBION ADTtSTISiNO BKPBMINTaTI VC
Vraalaee-Banjamla Srerfel Aarertialac agency,
f-raaawk-k BmMIni, t2S Firtk araaaa. lew
lark; Trlbuae BaiMUnc lUlcaxa. -
Bnbaninrlaa Tama by Bull to any aa&rese
la the tall Stataa, Caoa at atailoo.
Om year... .....S5.no I (na swath. ......$ JO
Os year........ $2.60 I One month.., V J
DAILY AND SCNDAr.- - -Oaa
year STAO I Pee aoate.... ...$ M
That there are o many
spiritual capacities . In' maa
which he cannot develop In
thla life, points . to a better
- and more harmonloui iuture. :
Goethe. i.' ''
AH OREGON HANDICApr
0" REGON haa a handicap.. ! It 1
a disadvantage" that annually
cost the state hundreds of
thousands of dollars. Br a
little endesTor, the sum could he
easily, saved. Are not the figures a
price worth wnllet
.The sheep of the state are under
the baiu. They are la quarantine by
'.the federal authorities. The same
is true In all other coast and Rocky
mountain states; put Qregon hus
bandmen ought not to rest under the
stain. : Our sheep and wool "prod
vets are too splendid, and our pos
sibilities too vast
" : By the rules of the quarantine,
8heefinBhIppert f omOregoa-nnit-b
dipped at the point of embarkation.
,." The process ls troublesome and ex
pensive. 7 What Is worse,- the bad
: form they are left In , for shipping
' purposes, detracts from tbelr value.
' A easlTlosa of 50 cents per head on
. every- animal sold, and ' reflex de
pression ot the value of every sbeep
In the state. Is declared to be the
consequence. V , There are 4.000,000
sheep In Oregon, and the reduced
- values becomes a serlbus loss. - The
state has rested under this handicap
eloce the quarantine was es
'tabllshed. four "years ggo.-; ' ;''
The problem of lifting this " em
bargo la In the hands of the growers.
- EffectlYe :and Vonslstent dipping
free, and restore the good, fame of
. the Industry. The treatment eradi
cates scab, removes vermin, and Im
proves 'the general health tone of the
animal, The'eost Is more than off
at in the benefits derived, not
counting the elimination of disease
Not to apply treatment. Is to allow
- . the quarantine to stand, and to per
rait the Industry to remain discred
ited. "It lg ruinous from a business
standpoint. costly to . Individual
" growers, and a crying injustice to
Oregon. It is a heavy handicap to
every husbandman, and a burden
some load for the industry to carry
BUndlng as she does at the bead of
the procession of states In ability to
produce the finest sheep and wool
in the world. Oregon, for her prodl
-J- gallty. and. bounty, deserves a better
fate. ' For his own sake, no grower
. should, for one moment,, hesitate to
fully and " faithfully .observe the
law and regulations jn the. subject.
OUR OFFICIAL VISITORS. . ,
f TB OTPPOSB that In such -a
1 A f speedy trip through the Pa-
. V V northwest, halting only
. a few hours at the principal
noints. it Is not the purpose of the
secretary of the interior and his of
ficii companions to make any par
tirniar irrvestiKatlons or thorough
observations,' bnt rather to' obtain
passing glimpses of the country and
its condition, and enjpy a aemi-vaca-tlon
la the best summer climate and
among ' the ; finest - scenery; ta the
country." . ' v .
. However this may be, they are
" cordially welcome to Oregon, and to
. Portland, as - air visitors . are, and
especially such as occupy high - of
ficial positions at Washington. Ore
gon has in one way., or another a
', good deal of important business with
the federal government, and it if
not all connected with land frauds,
vVe have great forests, the great
est and most valuable of any state
la the Union." Hence we are Inter
ested in the forest reserve policy,
nd wish it pursued In a, practical
wav for the best Interests of the peo
ple. We have large areas of arid
and Irrigable land, and so are deeply
Interested In reclamation projects.
In this state are some 1,000.000
t, of land held In violation of
llo terms of Its grant for more than
a ttlrd of a century by a railroad
corporation, and we want the gov
ernment to take this matter up ylg
rronfly and require this corporation
to give up or dlfpoft o( this land,
ttat Ue j'eo-Is can get it, " thf
lawlntended. tt waa'welT for' the
government to prosecute and punish
some land grabbers, but, we do not
see that it is a "square deal" to do
this and pay no; attention to this
greatest, ease of land-grabbing of all
though we. believe the government
Is . making . some preliminary . move
ments in the matter now. ? ..
",We have rivers and harbors to
improve, and are not at present com'
plaining of the government's treat
ment of us In this respect. Here,
however, is the Willamette river,
for the Inland waterway commission
to consider. . The state has appro
priated MOO. 000, on condition that
the government appropriate a like
amount,, for buying the locks? or
building others at Oregon City, and
we hope for that commission's favor
able report. , The members will
doubtless look thoroughly into th
facts, see how this great valley has
been "bottled up" and taxed - ever
sine), settled, , and that the state Is
willing to do its share to open the
river, at Oregon City, andjepprtjici
eordtngly.: ' v. .--.--
We have a great, undeveloped or
bnt. partly developed country here,
and greatly need more railroads, and
we suffer much loss and injury be
cause the existing railroads are not
provided with sufficient equipment.
This may be out of the area of these
visitors' observations, but It is a fact
that we wish all Influential men -to.,
know. , v ;-V.- "V
The visitors will have observed
that we are not living In a desert
or suf ferlng forlhe" necessaries of
life; that we have some passable
fruits of the season and a bountiful
harvest coming on; that Oregon is
a large state that could accommo
date several times its present popn-
.atloBr-aad -that-Portland is growing
by larger percentages than any 'city
In the country, Our daytime atmos
phere will- not prostrate them with
heat, nor need they perspire through
out the night. : We would that they
could stay longer, and hope- they
will enjoy themselves. . ,
GOVERNMENT BY RECEIVER.
HE GOVERNMENT'S reported
1 plan , of having receivers ap
pointed for trusts and eorpor-
tions that violate the laws Is
not a; new. idea. It was suggested
many months ago by some promi
nent person .and .was discussed . By
TheJpnrnal and other newspapers.
There seems to be a good deal of
merit in it. . If a railroad, for in
stance,' that receives its corporate
existence from the people upon cer
tain Implied as well as express con
ditions neglects ' or refuses in any
way" to perform its proper functions
In the Interest of. its creator, the
people, let the government, if it be
an Interstate railway, appoint a re
ceiver to run the "road. "Thus li
government control obtained at'once.
Then, too, the government can as
certain air the facta about the rail
road that it desires to know, and in
cidentally can gain a good deal of
experience in the railroad business
that might be subsequently useful
Or ln'the case of a trust, an un
lawful combine, put a government
receiver in charge who would Uteraly
and actually obey a court's xrder to
dissolve the trust . or merger and
restore natural and proper competi
tive 1 conditions. '
All this would cause a good deal
of trouble and 7 disturbance, ' of
course,, and there would, arise terri
ble outcries against government In
terference with business; "bnt It is
becoming more apparent every week
that some drastic measures must be
taken to protect the people from be
ing plundered by the trusts. We
can see that right at home.
2 AGRICULTURE A SCIENCE, .
f frOW, BT leaps and bounds, sclen-
Htlfle investigation Is making
discoveries for advancing the
agricultural .' Industry " of this
country Is suggested by the visit to
Oregon pf Bt. True, chief of the ex
periment stations, j, It is but compar
atively few years ago that farmers
of the - vicinity were dumping ma
nure, to' get rid of It, into Caynga
lake, New York. Recently the ex
perlment station at the same place
issued a bulletin showing that ma
nure applied to Cayuga lake fields
Increased the product of timothy hay
tit an acre. .
Trained Investigators in the ex
periment stations arei daily discov
ering new truths and cataloguing
them with the result that agriculture
Is not a haphazard accident, but an
exact science. . The Babcock milk
test, discovered at one of these sta
tions, indispensable now in even the
remotest rural district, is a sample
of this evolution. Many other dis
coveries of almost equal importance
have been, made through their
agency since the stations were estab
lished by law of congress In 1889.
Perhaps an ultimate Jn the work Is
to achieve a fertility of soli through
the country, two or three times its
present average. If the progress in
10 years to come is coiqmensurate
with that of the past SO the goal
may not then be far In the distance.
The American average of wheat per
acre Is now lSVs bushels.' England's
that was once 6 is now 26 to SO.
France has increased her's five-fold.
Belgium maintains the enormous av
erage of 41 bushels per acre.
Independent of the station investi
gators of whom Dr. True is the head,
is an army - of scientists working
along much the same lines and for
the same ends In the department . of
agriculture. An Invention by one of
them recently" Is of almost equal
value with the Babcock test, and will
be as widely used. It Is a wheat
tester, by use of which any farmer
can grade his own wheat and save
himself the disadvantage of parting
with his wheat as number two and
having; the buyer sell It as number
one. By the discovery 01 anotner
of these investigators, potash, of in
finite "valtle In restoring depleted
lands for plant growth. Is now taken
from granite at a cost far below the
former price, when it had to be" Im
ported from- Germany. - Another
achievement is the discovery recently
of a process for preventing rust In
barbed wire and extending its life
from a period of only a few years
to 80 or 40 years, thereby saving
millions to the farmers of the coun-
tryTn building fences. What makes
the story of these discoveries' Inter
esting is that they are patented, and
because- the men who make them are
paid by the government 'for their
work the patents are dedicated, free
of cost, td the American people.
Among 84 of the leading cities
of the country. Portland Is at the
head of thsllsVin, the percentage efj
Increase in building during the past
six months, as ' compared with the
first- six- months of 1800. Portland
has maintained this record regularly
each month for many months past,
and the prospect is good for its main
taining it for months to come. Port
land is beginning to be discoverable
on the maps used by eastern people.
In a bank failure at Macon, Geor
gia, It was discovered on investiga
tion that the capital stock and sur
plus of $650,000 are gone and.whea
the bank ciosedTrtter g ran of tour I
days $300,000 was still due depos
itors and there was not a dollar In
the vault." The bank examiner Sown
in Georgia must be one of the tegu
lar "kInd,notr lnrthe;leastIeono-
Borne people np north may regard
the people of ' Texas as barbarians,
but they seem to know more about
methods of tVust-burstlng than those
of any part of the country. - They
not only will not allow any trusts
to exist In that state, but merchants
are liable to heavy, punishment Jty
imprisonment, if they deal in any
trust-made .goods. Perhaps we might
get some pointers from those 'seml
clvlltzed Texans, after all.
A curious fact has developed in
connection with ,Mr. Rockefeller and
other multi-millionaires that , a
man can become Immensely rich in
or from a business -nnd-know-noth-lng
whatever about it. Doesn't it
follow that Ignorance la a prime
cause of exceptional financial suc
cess? . Governor Johnson of Minnesota,
it Is stated, has not only lowered
freight and passenger rates in thut
state, but makes the railroads pay
$3,000,000 a year taxes. If this be
so, it is no wonder that he has been
"mentioned" for president
Mysterious Fire. '
S. T. Humphry, a repesnUtlve of
fha Hanover Firs Insurancs company tof
New York, cites what be believes la a
frequent cause of unexplained conflagra
tions. Mr, Humphry returned the other
day from Liberty, Texaa, where he spent
hla vacation.- While there he dropped
into the town hall tine afternoon to
listen to the proceedings of a special
meeting of the board of aldermen. The
temperature at the time was hovering
nr the Sl-desree mark in the ahade.
In the mlJat of their dlscuaaion."
aid Mr. Humphry, "the table at which
the alderman ware eeaud waa observed
to smoke furiously for a second or two
and then burst Into flame. This waa
not the result of an overheated arfru
meirt, but was brought about by the
?laaa bottle of water on the tsble, which
ocuaed the sun's rays like a burning
glass upon the halse table cover. If
the room had been empty a serious
fire might have resulted, and no one
would have auapected the water bottle
as the Incendiary. NYiw, the same
thing might happen and ne dubt It
often du In the esse of dwelling
houses. There are many bedrooms, f""
Instance, Into which the eun shines dur
ing some houra of the day. end It only
needs the unual bedroom earafa of water
In the direct line of the sun's rays and
some combustible material at the right
distance on the other side to Insure a
fire whose origin will always bs
wrapped In mystery." :
7 "." Fishes' Moving Day. '
r- Prnm the London ilohe.
Sir Charles Welby of Lenton Msnor
has had one or tne large ponaa on nis
eMtata, known as the Church pond, at
nntrm. amDtled end all the ooarse flan
rwmovtd therefrom and placed In the
No'tlngnam ana uramnim rami.
The slgKt was a remarkable one and
a large number of spu-tntors watched
the proceedings. All kinds of veapels
were used for the removal of the fish,
and ali Mr loads were transferred from
ewe water to the other. It is computed
that 10.000 lisn were removed' 10 weir
ae w home, ....... Ml.
- r ' - f T ' 1 V - . 1
1 he Love or Money la tne
Root of All Evil
, - .
By Mrs. John A. Logan. V
(Cof-rlf ut, MOT, by American-Joe real Examiner)
- Every day one la confronted with In
disputable evidence of the truth of this
test The love Of money has wrecked
thousands of men and women. The
possession of too much has caused un
speakable - demoralisation and . clouded
the fair fame of both sexes.
In .recent years,, carried away y the
alluring prosperity of the times, a long
list of persons have succumbed to temp
tation and have stained reputations they
were years In building up.
One recalls with deeD resrret the num
ber of universally respected men, who
were supposed to be exemplars of the
highest character, who were proven In
the insurance Investigation to have been
partners in the iniquitous business of
robbery of widows and orphans, as well
aa other persons who were better able
to stand, for their systematic piracy.
The overwhelming proof Of their dis
honesty caused a number to break down
completely and to confess their guilt;
others were so Conscious stricken that
they became wrecks mentally and phys
ically; others, dying bfthelr own hand
or by disease, the result et the polg
tancy of their grief and remorse, while
others are eking out a wretohed exist
ence because of the continual whisper
ing nf a etlll. email voice. -xr
They no longer command the admira
tion ana respect, or ne peopie; iney ari
Inr-llned ta avoid belne? ronsolcuous and
are prone to get away from associations
iney once courtea. .
Investlcatlona In all lines of business
have developed the most unscrupulous
conduct begotten of avarice. Demoral
Ised by exceeelve salaries and tne pos
session of too, much money, men have
had time to vaaste in disaipation.
Insatiable In their thirst ror excite
ment, they have Indulged their appe
tites for alcohol, tobacco and other vice,
until reason and self-respect have van
ished. Step by step they have wandered
away Into paths that led to -thetr-de-structlon.-
They .hare beeome- vletime
of designing persona, the majority of
whom nave been women, who - nave
speedily estranged them from their fame
llles and friends. Thef blighting influ
ence of evil association ana dissipation
rapidly loosen the ties which bind such
men to high and noble things, and In
evitably they become morally depraved.
Within the past few years our coun
try .has witnessed innumerable deplor-
able instances of the "fwta, eonssQusnees
of too muoh prosperity and the acquisi
tion of too much wealth. Had not the
great multl-milllonalre been awarded a
fabulous salary and been permitted to
multiply hla millions by manipulation
In stocks, he would never have deserted
tilsu devoted wife, a . charming woman
and the mother of hie children, and pub
licly lavished his riches upon a woman
who had gained an unenviable reputation
before the . footlights. Neither would
hie oonduct have been repeated by oth
ers who have had vast fortunes at their
.Society is resDonalble for the Increase
in the number 01 sucn trageaiea, in tnat
it has condoned these offenses by open-
ing wide its doors to the most exclusive
lrlcee for the admission of the aotora
in these dramatic affairs. Money can
pave the way for the entre of libertines
and questionable persons wherever they
wish to go; there eeema no barrier that
iso questions, are asaea as to now
fortunes are accumulated, or as to the
antecedents or creaent
character of the
possessors of millions. Let It be once
established that men and women, have
wealth behind them and that they will
entertain, lavishly, and high and low are
subservient to their bidding, not only in
this country, but anywhere they may
The proud kings and queens, emperors
and empresses of Europe have accepted
from and extended invitations to social
functions of men and women whose
only claim to such recognition is based
solely' upon their wealth, while the
presence of the most honored and dis
tinguished cltlsens of the United States
at many of the capitals on the conti
nent to usually unnoticed. One won
ders how much longer the golden calf
will continue to be worshiped, or how
many more Uvea and happy homes will
be sacrificed through the fateful power
Letters From trie People
' The Direct Primary Xaw. ,
Portland, Or, July 11. To the Editor
of The Journal The Oregonlan does
not like the direct primary, and some
Improvements might e made. The im
provements likely to be adopted by the
people, however, would auit the Ore
gonlan school of political thought less
than the present original law. It is de
sirable that the primaryvoter be al
lowed to express hla second, and,, per
haps, his third choice, so that the nomi
nee of the party have aa actual majority
of his party behind him. Thus, suppose
Senator Fulton receives XS.000 votes. Ed
itor Geer 10,000 votes and Cake 0.000
votes for candidate for United States
senator. The second choice of the Cake
supporters would be divided of course
and counted the same as It Cake had not
been a candidate.- This would give bne
or the other of the two leading candi
dates a decided majority and preserve
that harmony which the Oregonlan so
sadly deplores. It would also give the
cltlaen more freedom of choice than at
present, which it is hardly likely Friend
Boott fully approves pf, aa indications
indicate at present.
. . FRED C DENTON.
Who May Take Up Homestead Claims
Rainier,-Or.. July 10. To the Editor
of The Journal Will you please anawer
the following questions through your
'l.-Can a person who i is year Of
age file on a piece of government land
and prove up by living on it for five
1. How far Is the Hepjtner forest re
serve from HeppnerT
, . CLIFFORD OAMBLE. .
- In answer to the first question! The
law says that no person unless he le II
years of age or a citizen of the United
State can take up a claim. However, a
young maa under 11 years of age who is
the head of a family may- take up a
homestead Claim. ' This doe not allow
him to file under the timber and stone
act, or the desert land act. 1
The Heppner forest reserve Is II miles
due south of Heppner.
':. "With lane Rose. .
Irom the Pall Mall Oasetta,
Careless of all things but Love,
Love, with his burden of laughter,'
This would I ask for thee,
Easlnr life' task for thee.
And, a for what eometh after,
"shall say "Right," then, or
thine own vigilant aculT "
Life Is divine for thee.
Poureth, her wine for thee; .,.1."
Hid with the god I our goalL
X have m garden of dream, . ;
And fsnm that garden this rose
Cometh all weet for thee.
Wishes right meet for thee,
- Rise a it petals unclose.- ..........
Lord of mf garden 1 Love, 'J "
. Kingdom so fragrant and falrl '
And my beat thought for thee,
Graces new-brought for thee
Proudly,. O messenger, bearl
An Expert, Tet Not aa Expert.
From the Chicago Tribune.
"I have known women all my life."
remarked the philosophical boarder
"and the more I know them the less 2
He knew them well enough, however,
aot to let the laadia4 har bio
Burying "Tiro Dos
We Do Not GrudV TKem the Tombstones, the American JRa. or
the Ri; tfioue Services
By Arthur Brisbane.
Three animals have , recently . been
burled with , demonstrations of honor
and affection. 1 ;' . , '
' One waa a dog named Pluto. HI
funeral waa advertised, in ths news
papers, hi Ilea In a Una grave with a
monument over It. -
The eeoond. also a dog, waa buried
at sea with the American flag wrapped
around him. , .
The third, a pacing " mare, named
Florence Nightingale, was buried elabo
rately, and, accordlng to the Louisville
Time, a burial service "was1 read over
her by a clergyman of the Methodist
Episcopal' church. ,
. When the big St. Bernard dog Pluto
had his funeral advertised, one of our
reader wrote indignantly, saying that
the spending of money, in that way was
an outrage. '
When the eecond dog was burled,
wrapped - In the American flag, ' and
thrown into the ocean, another reader
wrote to say that the noble flag had
And now- that new comes of the pee
ing mare wun a reoora or Mini
laid under tombstone, with full burial
service, we are requested to denounce
this a an Insult to religion. . But we
do Aot propose to denounce or criticise
any one of these three funerals,
we wish we eould believe that out of
three ordinary - human funerale the
average oorpse might deserve as kind
words a were deserved by those two
dogs and that horse.
.JO view of their, limited opportuni
ties and possibilities, it cannot be de
nted that the dogs and the racing mare
did better than the average human
being. , ,
Tou may say this for either one of
the dogs: It waa faithful to it friends.
It was unselfish and prompt in defend
ing any weak child that depended upon
it for protection. It was aa good a
Tke Empty Home Neat
" . . - ,-r
The evening tide has code apaoe.
The aunset gat has cloaed.
Night's mantle; le-tucked softly in "-
. Above the world's repose. ' ''
rw- listening-for- footsteps light,
' But none have reached my ear; -The
merry laugh, that cheered my heart,
" Alaat I do not hear. '.
I open wide the kitchen door,
But twilight's after shin
Reveals upon the clean-swept floor
' No bat, nor ball of twine;"
No little cap or well-worn coat . . .
Ia hanging on the wall; -
A silence ie in every room
loafs ilk a funeral paU.'.
Have I forgot, have year aad year
Sped by with nolselees tread.
Since I put them in their snowy gown
Within thir trundle bed? -
Ah yes. I see, time could not Stay, '
But swift with flying feet
Has hurried on those children dear "
m not repine, but one again
I'd love to see them just aa then,
But only as I look far back ' ,
Along the journey' checkered track
Do I see thoee children aa of yore ' -A
cherished memory, nothing more. -
JJellle a Keaaey. '
The Unreliable Associated Press.
: From the East Oregonlan. --r
After all the protestations of . Asso
ciated Press papers, that that new
gathering and editorial-writing corpor
ation faithfully serve the public, re-
s-ardleee of nersonal or selfish Inter
eats, at all times, it la rather amusing
to outsider to hear the Portland Ore-
eonlan and the Spokane Spokesman-Re-lew,-
the- two leading Associated Press
members of the northwest accualnr
each other of eendlng out biased and
unreliable reports to the association.
Each of these big dallies accuse the
Other of sending out highly colored re
ports, in fact untrue reports, of the
proceedings of the Spokane railroad
rate ease and hearing and in Summing
up the matter the Oregonlan says:
"The Associated Press report from
Spokane 1 sent out by the Spokesman
Review and knowledge of this fact com
pels the Oregonlan to eend a special rep
resentative into Spokane territory when
ever an event of great Importance ia to
And the Bpoketman-Rarlaw answers
back spitefully, -ditto.'
Here are two of the leading paper of
the west two which are perhaps read
more extensively in the northwest than
any other Aasoclated Pre a papers, and
yet neither will trust the other1 e honesty
In sending out not prlvete reporte for
special service, but the regular Associ
ated Press reports, taken by hundreds
t leading- papers throughout-the -country
and depended upon by a large part
of the public for reliable news.
. Really It begins to dawn on the read
ing publlo that the Associated Press
trust is one of the same old brand of
trusts, bent ton deceiving the public to
further private ends and swell personal
fortunes. Hereafter the news, reporte
in these big dalllee will be taken with
a measure of precaution, . since . they
openly accuse each other of unrelia
Meanwhile the new association guch
a the Scrtpps, ' Press Publishing com
pany and others growing up in opposi
tion to the Associated Prese will con
tinue to give -the publlo the unbiased
truth, fearless and unafraid. -
, Illiterate) Letter Carriers.
Incredible as It ound to English
ear, there I at least one ' European
country In. which many of .the- letter
carrier are -unable to read.' Thla 1
the country over which In the ordinary
course of events the latest royal baby
will be called upon to reign.
Of the 10,000,000 people Inhabiting
Spalrr only about IS -per cent can-read
and WTite; another 1H per cent of the
population can read without being able
to write, but the remaining per
cent are quit illiterate. In the sduth
of Spain it 1 impossible to get a ser
vant who can read and write, and many
of the postmen, say the London Tit
Bits, are unable to tell to whom the
lettera they oarry are addressed. -
They bring a bundle of lettera to a
house, and the owner looks through
them and take those which are (or
which be think are) addressed to him.
The Spanish post rrlen are not paid by
the state; the recipients of the letters
have to remunerate them according to
the amdunt of their correspondence, and
each letter costs the addressee at least
a' halfpenny. It is a joke among the
easy going Spaniard that he who treat
the postman best receives the most let
ters, whether they are Intended for him
In a population where tt per eent are
Illiterates and where out of the remain
ing II per cent probably one in ten can
only read or write very little. It is
obvious that the badly paid and pre
carious post In the lower rank of
life are not likely to be filled by the
comparative, few possessed of these ao
oompllshments, and herein lies the rea
son for the otherwise inexplicable fact
that many of the individuate handling
the nation' correspondence oannot read.
Italsnll the Collector,,
From the New York Poet . '
. Will future ages rank Ralsull with
Llnnaeos and Humboldt t a collector
of foreign sseolmens!
and One Horse
friend In poverty a in riches. No mail's
money or prosperity could have templed
It away from a poor owner. It did hot
know the meaning of disloyalty or false
friendship. It developed to the utmost
the power that were given to it -And
therefore, while" It may --properly, be
railed waste of money, to bury ouch a
dog elaborately, it cannot be said that
the dumb creatures were unworthy, or
that either of them would dlagrace a
first-class funeral or a flrat-claaa flag.
On the contrary, such a funeral and
such a flag are more apt to be dis
graced by the average human corpse.
As for that racing mare, and the serv
lee that accompanied her funeral, we do
not, feel Justified in criticising.. Certainly
the power that created ue human beings
created the honest, loyal, ambitious
horse. It happened- that the money
which she won 2,6QO in all wae
riven to the fund of the Methodist
Episcopal home mission board. That
faot la used as an explanation of her
We don't see that any such explana
tion ie needed. . .. .
Florenoe Nightingale, the ' pacing
mare, never broke any of the Ten Com
mandments, or very few of tbem at
least. She may have envied her neigh
bor, when her neighbor won a race from
her. - But certainly, for a horee, she
did her full duty., while others around
her on the racetrack .were gambling
and cheating, she waa honest She al
ways went aa fast aa ah could, she did
her best to earn her living In-the world.
In fact, she fell dead on the racetrack,
falling dead in her work.
When you consider all the shirkers,
all the cowards, sll the wretched apolo
gies for men that are. elaborately
burled, you can't grudwe that horee or
either of those dog a little part of the
final flummery in the way of tomb
atone, etc., with which human belnge
delude and delight themselves. The fine
tombstone. It is true, is an elaborate
wast so far aa the dog or the horse le
concerned. A dog or horse doesn't want
a tombstone and to that extent it Is
more intelligent than the human being
whs doe want one. , ,
situation in tne Far East
. By Dr. B. Putnam Weal. -'
Although the term of the Anglo
Japanese alliance make It unlikely that
the present truo shall be broken before
Itlt, except by movements of disorder,
whluli may develop into rebellions in
China,-nor en will probably deny that
sue- aaeveraent- are-, more -tha 4tkel?
to com. . .- ;
From v geographical ' considerations
alone, the two moet Important factors
must of necessity be China and Japan
China which is at last waking up to the
urgent need tor action' and Is doing
many things, and Japan. . which has to
Justify in some war an enormous ex-
f endlture ' and - a jmost -peculiarly 7 n
renched position In Cores and . south
ern Manchuria. - - . - .
England, from the fact that she Is
allied to Japan by a hard and fast alll
anoe, has assumed in regard to this
island power, which may soon conalder
itself under the nece salty of openly be
coming a continental power aa well, an
attitude which may have seemed Justifiable-In
July,. lf. having due regard
to the position in the field at that date,
but which 1 rapidly beginning to make
serious and far-seeing men in the east
wonder whether the military impotence
which i so openly advertised oy the
Lansdowne-Hayashf treaty will not be
bitterly - regretted - before mlddle-ared
persons have grown old. China, under
standing something - of - all this, and
cynically estimating that England 1 be
coming antl-mtlltarlst a she herself
ha been in the past, is forced In her
foreign affairs to act in a way which
proclaims that the Anglo-Japanese alli
ance, although it nominally guarantee
ner territorial integrity, is concerned
more especially with- the tentorial In
tegrity and the private program of the
two signatory power.
It may be bold lv aald then that from
the internal point of view the truce in
the far'eaat centers around the future
action and policies of three eountrlee,
Englaud, Japan and China. r
Kti tnese inree ractors japan Is at
the present moment bv far the moat
powerful, but it 1 important to remem
ber that thla condition la produced
largely by the British alliance, which,
while making Japan what she 1 in re
lation to the outer world, also confines
the far eastern aueetlon to certain
limits and thereby eonatraln other fac
tors probably no lea powerful (e. g.,
Russia) to remain temporarily Inactive
and to have the appearance of external
rather than Internal force. - 1
No en will deny that the present
state of affairs Is an artificial one,
which cannot be continued indefinitely
without producing abnormal results, one
which may be actually harmful not only
to one signatory of the Anglo-Japanese
treaty, but to the other as welt The
alarming discovery that England can
no longer protect her great Indian em
pire from attacks, which for the time
being can only be aseumed to be Rus
sian attacks, without calling in an alien
soldiery to help In the defense, is itself
sufficient to produce 'the profoundest
melancholy and to make men wonder
whether a great decline ha really com
In those virtues on which the Anglo
Saxon prided himself and owing to
which he succeeded in exalting himself
above all other nation. .
This Date la History. .
1S84 Sir Walter Raleigh landed on
the Island of Wocokon and named the
161 First legislative body of Eng
lishmen in America met at Jamestown,
1787 Slavery abolished In the terri
tory north of the Ohio river.
lllf Napoleon I. enrrendered to the
captain of the Bellemphon at Rochefort.
1(33 Henry M. Schoolcraft discov
ered the source of the Mississippi river.
1864 Rioting of anti-draft mobs in
New Tork city.--, ...
1KB Barnum's Museum, - at Ann
street , and Broadway, New Tork, de
atroyed by fire.
1880 Many lives lost by tornado In
1891 Attempted ' assassination of
President Camot of France. 1
18 Stewart Free Silver CotfligS Ml
defeated In the Houee of Representa
18 . American Railway Union strike
declared off. , . .
188 The Anglo-American ' League
waa organised in London.
; The Catfish.
From the Charlotte Observer.
When 6 1 night la warm en de moon is
Tou kin ketch mo' cats dan you cares
to pull. , .
No trouble Toul de bait;
A grub '11 do or W 11 1' fat meat
Fer all he wants Is supp'n' to eat
En he ain't no han' to wait - '
Nor dar ain't no trouble trout luck wld
Tou kin tie yo', line to a swlngin' limb,
En when you goe to look
You'll fin' dst limb a-dodgln' 'roiin'
En bubble rlsln en floatln' on 'down,.
En a catfish on yo' hook, -.
- t ........
Rut I choose to take a pole In mine
En alt in a splotch or bright moonshine
' Env fish dar wld my ban's
I knowe, dem, when 'e hits hi Uk
(He swallera d hook; you needn' . be
En I let him show hi man.
When t sling him out on d good dry
He don't complain, but he' full r sass.
He klcke a little while.
Den lays dar, wld a pleasing look,"
En while I s rlppln' out d hook
He takes It wld a smU.
Small . Change
man . pf Japan are
The ' hobo at thla season of th
is an unaeairaDie citizen.
e a - ; .
Now the question at Boise 1st ' Win '.
th jury believe Mr. Moyert
.--'''.' . . , e 'e
' When a'. "literary cuss" gets a reputa-
tlon, any old rorhe wrltee "goea" , , '.
- ; e - e -O,
yea, it 1 doubtless very nice down
at the beacbe now but so Is Portland.
-.. '. s ' . .( - . . " '
- Rockefeller baa uch respect for the
law that he trie to. keep out of It
reach. x- -.,,.,',
It must pussl the wisest buck deer
In the mountain to keep track of the
deer law. ...,.
-i v - . -
.What an old mobaelt the sea Is; It
never advertise any Improvements, nor -
makea any.! ; . .
v - e .- e . "V . ; , :
People who aire kicking about th .
treasury surplus would kick worse
about a 'deficit . . .
e e - - -
' Jingo rumor of naval warfare are
the only occasions for Admiral Pewey -getting
Into print '.
' If Japan I going .to fight onir San1 '
Francisco or California, w suDpoae
Portland, and Oregon are safe. w '
It Is doubtful If they "are "free" wln?l.
- t.. -
mlng baths: there are the doctor and -undertakers'
bills to consider.; ', I
e - e ...... .
- This I also the time of year whan a
f lrl likes to learn to awlm If she has r'--he
right fellow to teach her. . ' . , . .
', ' "v ' . '
' For the ' finest imaginable summer
weather, come down from the uplands
and up from th beachea to Portland. .
, e e 1 : -
An Increase of 1100.000 In utom -receipts
during the past fiscal year Is
another evidence of Portland' growth. -
a "e -.
. Illinois undertakers have agreed to
call themselves "morticians." But thla
won't chang th gaiety of their call
ing. . . - - "
. ,. .... . e e
TJf course Senator Fulton- win extend
-far more cordial welcome- te - Vies-
President Fairbanks than he would to -Senator
La Follott. ' .
- ' - . e e - ; . ' ; 1 ; : ,
Old Geronlmo I displeased with his ' ,
eighth wife, as with all her predeces
sors. It 1 to be feared the told raacal
will never be quite satisfied matri
monially in thi world.. -1
... , - e . -
Dr Wiley estimate th valuf a
baby at $1,000. Tet som women prao-"T T
ttce race suicide, and othere wouldn't -loofc-et
-r thousand -times $1,000 a a"-"
prtc for thlr baby. .
Oregon SiJclignta " :
There Is ' much -hulldlng activity ta 7 ' 7
Glendale. , . , V
. . TT- e e ,, .,
The Dalles Is to load Itself, with a ,
Carnegie library. . . ., .r-, . ... . .
""several brlckdwelllngs are ' being'''
erected ta Vale. . V .. '-
. .-.. . . .- :
Crop prospects In Linn county . are
th best In many year. - : . ... .. . -.- ..
' . . " ..:. 1 -K : '
Eugene also needs a new first-class
hotel, says the Guard, v. ,
The Ban d on Recorder has been ' en
larged and Improved, -i . . '
. . - e '- ; - ! v-
' 'A lot of fine Linn county mtteb, oOws '
sold at an average of $41.11. , . ' '. ,
irr ' " - '
' There were" new home-grown potatoes
In the Burns market last weak.
. ,. , ,v ... e ; e 1 '-"- .,'
- A Benton county young woman Is
named Heartless.' brrt young men don't- -take
her name seriously. , t"
--'.-J--.--j.--.e-e - ' ' J;;.' '-
' Bandon I to have two telephone sys- .
tern Instead of none the Pacific States
and one owned by an individual..
..... s - e 'v. -
Albany ha th beat railroad oommu- -nlcatton
with the surrounding eountnr
of anjr town In Oregon, except. Portland.
A Coo county man has new potatoes
that are over seven inches In length and,
are equally large In width in proportion, '
and aaya they .are nothing' unusual.
Several big Irrigation schemes are .
on in Malheur county, any one of which.
If eoneummeted, will male Vale a town : -of
8,000 or more people, aaya th Orlano.
. . . .( . - t . ' . -, .;
Mrs. Klrkland of Glendale. nearly IS ".
year old, epend much time painting
iandacap acene. which are aald to be .
very good artistically. She ha never
worn , glassea - - , "
e e - .
Linn county new ha 18 sawmills et
varying capacity In operation, and all
kare reported aa doing a good buelnea .
wun rawinty or room" ror more pnu et -th
same kind, , t
; .." :- , e ' ..-,' . . '
The Astorlan advoratsa a 1 "el vie
merger of the peninsula townsttes of '
Astorlarwarrenton, Hammond and Fla- s
vel, .- the whole to be Included in on
splendid and composite municipality,"
to be bounded on tne north and west
by the Columbia river and the Paclflo
ocean, and to contain 10 square miles.
. . e . e
Walter Klin ha had built th West
barn in Benton county. It 1 finished on
the outside the earn as any residence,
and the inelde la lined .with flrst-grad
flooring,, and riven a' hardwood finish
throughout There are double and large
panel door between the rooms, tne
same a you would aee in a residence,
all given the hardwood effect There
are plain - and - frosted window, night
and ay door, glass door esse for har
neas and other articles, hardwood floor,
water on tap inside, hopper-bottomed
grain bins on the second floor with
spouts leading to the first water pipe
for slushing out and cleaning stalls,
modern arrangement a for feeding, ven
tilating and other fltures for letting In
fresh air and keeping down odors. "
ft WTT.T.TSsTg ATX.
INVITES DEPOSIT AC
COUNTS SUBJECT TO -""
" CHECK. " 7
Four Per Cent
v Interest ' " compounded semi
annually will b paid savings esJ
..... - 1 , .s.
Oeo. .VT. Bates... '..''..President
J. a' Blrrl.;.;.......Caehler !