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; ; ; "ff f ;r interstate cc:.::.:zrce commission finds railroad magnate liazle tj h.e r,;.j ...
i e-.l-kJL.lJ ONMLNT FOR DISCRIMINATION, FOR- RESTRAINING ' TRADE, AND FOR INDLFM.ZIZIE f
, . TUi lain of - .
The Sunday Journal.
- Co sip rises - fc
5 Sections 5 2 Penes
The Weather Shower today;
VOL. IV. NO.- 18.
PORTLAND, OREGON, - SUNDAY MORNINO.V JULY 14, 1907. .7
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
MILITIA AT FORT STEVENS SUCCESSFULLY REPEL At (MIC ATTACKS BY LAND AND SEA
Ik' sw MaaaMBl
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7-;:;r ;- 7
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7, ' .1q':'' "'r 't'' . ' - . - ' - . : ," " "' '
'. MXIWMATCAKP , v':;.4.: ? ' 5'Vi''.r:77
RAII PHIFF- . !7 7 7 7- 7
s SB BH H BM ' f . - 1. i . . ' "
Tsi m mil itm
, L .. . ! - -'V. '. ' ,
Itakc-Qff r pf Iluii'dred . ,and
; Fourteen 'Millions' From
Eailrodd That osf - But
:Fifty-ifflit Millions Has
(Fiblhhar' tnm ttf StcUl Lmm4 fbi)
Washington, July 13. E. IL Har
rlman, the railroad magnate ' who
has had the administration by the
ears for the past year, stands
charged by the Interstate commerce
commission of a criminal . offense
punishable by a tine and imprison
ment of not less than six months
with- maintaining a gigantic comb!
nation" In restraint of Interstate and
foreign commerce, with declining the
resources. Jot a prOBperous rallroad
and with' conducting bis operations
irterlstlo . methods of "Indefensible
XiWlerlng.?: , I ' J
, ;HaWknan,the autocrat 'of Wall
street, a leading factor In -railroad
operations of the west,. and almost
the absolute monarch In railroad and
steamboat.' -transportation-- west :. of
the Mississippi river; the beneficiary
of enorlnous land grants from the
federal' goTernment that are nowof
Incalculable yalue; the-dictator of
political parties and the arrogant
offender of courts, commercial in
tegrity and the "big stick," is at last
face to face with the legal machinery
of the i government ' which : he , has
often scorned. ' ' ! v ' :
"" ahlB tbe San.' ' "
reldnt RooevMt may. find one ot
hta fondest wlahc . raJll . when he
ordered the InventlirMlon of Harriman
Interest more than e4aht monUia aso
he publicly declared that Harrtmrn
methods were a stench In the nostrils
of decent people and that, he would be
out "behind the bars."
The Interstate Commerce Commission,
after months of exhaustive investiga
tion In which It was from time to time
rlqued by the Mdaclous contempt, the
(errlmsn . people and . after , an tx-
rendlture of what It la believed may ul
Imately Teach a ! quarter of a million
dollars, in the prosecution of. his case,
has made sood." , i .
It has unanimously found' Harriman
"guilty, as charired."
It has completed Ita report, which
has been read by the president and the
ttorney-4reneraI and made publlo tonight
what la believed to be but a part of He
fl ml In tc- It haa put -the ralltoad nil
nate In the clnsa of "undesirable clti
sens"; hss;e-stamped with red hot' Irons
of theVaw the brand of Ananias which
KooarfWt placed upon bis brow and has
vmJrtn the department of liistlre papers
ulch it Is believed Will result In prose
cution ss soon aa the leal affaire of
f-lhe sovernmeni ran aei inir-uiiiri in
yihape. omtmlaa j aadoMemaat.
It im si ml flee nt In4hls connection
that rAttorney-Oerieral Ronaperte haa
ennounced. since the receipt of the
Blmma report that he will ao arrange
(Continued, on rage Twelve.),
I Ksrrlman's crime: ' Vlolatipn of the act' of June 20, 187Vln.prf
EDWARD H. HARRIMAN j
T tlcmg dici1rninstjott-in the management of the Central Pacific rail-;
road; fine, $1,000; imprisonment not less than six months; conducting '
a "combirution In restraint of trade interstate and foreign commerce.'
His policy:; To gather under one head all transcontinental lines
and to exclude the incommg . of aJl competitors.'' , ' : 4 J ' ;
Hit power: . WeU nigh absolute over his entire system. '
,. His railroad control: ' Several great systems every steamship line
y fin the Pacific south; of Puget sound and two big steamship lines on
the Atlantic'-- " ;7: ; ' ' ' ' r
His partial railroad control: Eleven systems and three express
, companies." . . r ' .'..- , ; . s .- - : . '. V'f,':
' ' His "indefensible financiering": " Taking - a ' rake-off of nearly
. $114,000,000 from a railroad that- cost but $58,000,000 and nothing'
t tangible addd since the property came under his controL ." ' ' ;
. '. His recent ventures: Acquiring interest in eastern railroads within '
the last year amounting to -nearly $132,000,000; suppression of all
raOrpad competition, if not headed off, by federal interference. :
His burden pa the administration: . .Presidential vexation; exhaus-
i 'tive Investigation; legal perturbation and general denunciation.
XJProbablereaiiltJfJtlslliBu8ting ef Jiitl railro6L.combinaiaonar2
T criminal prosecution, under the act of 1874 and' enactment of laws X
wuuuuif awMwrnw v" , v , m VUHWH.UI Kane
portation; preventing the control by one line of parallel and com
peting lines and regulating. the Issuance of railroad securities. . i--
wM 4M fM MM I
Express Companies, National 'Fisheries and Marketsjand
. : Government For Violation of Statutes 7 :-
(Pabllsnen' ' Frees -by Special LeeeeS Wire.)
Chioago. July H United States Dis
trict Attorney Blma tonlKht sent to the
Department of. Justice st-wahlngtoo
two Important v sealed . packets or evl
dence against several trusts which have
been under rand jury, investigation for
the neat two weeka. ' . ' 'A ' -
Mr. Blma refuse! to discuss the eon-
tents of the packages, but from reliable
sources. It has been learned they com
prise . sufficient evldenoe to warrant
indictments agalnat st least . three so-
called "trusts" of the first magnitude. .
The moat' Important Is composed of
the expreaa companies, the next largest
the National Fisheries and Markets and
the third, the International Harvester
company. ... . .
ngm Trass Owlty, Tee. '
- Other combinations which are suscep
tible to indictment because of revela
tions made to the grand Jury are the
suar "trust" railroad companies that
BKve-the Btandnrd -Oil comDanv con
cessions adjudired to be rebates and the
Individuals of the furniture "club," the
constituent corporations of whluh were
fined by Judge Lamlls.
Mr. Pima haa filed petitions to re
strain the expreaa companies from giv
ing "franks" or passes to favored ship
pers. Under the Hepburn act, the com-
funles are regarded by the district at
nrney as common narrters and amenable
to all the provisions of the law. If the
Ueplmra law Is sppllcaUie te be sens-
- 1 .: . ,
panics and the government's contention
that franks are passes Is suatalnedUlt
la expected no difficulty will be exper
ienced In obtaining a' ruling agalnat the
companies., ' : i
' Haas Te e ToUowed. ''
. The plans of the government In the
packers' caaee was to file the petition
for an Injunction and after knowledge
of all violations came to the district at
torney to indict the packers. This policy
was actuated by the desire of the gov
ernment to be ss lenient as possible In
bringing to the bar of the federal courts
ths big corporations which have long
practiced what are now defined as il
legal ants. '-- . - ' , .
The companies Involved In the recent
inveatlsatloa are, United fltatee Kx
preea company. National Expreaa com
pany. American Express company. Wells
Farco xpreae company and Adams Ex
press company. . . .
' Traaka a PlscrlwJaarlom. -
The queatlons en which the nature of
the legal aotloa hrnxee are:
Is the expreea oomoanv a eammnn
Can a company Issue "franls" without
being guilty of granting a concession
equivalent to a rebate? ,
It la charged that the Issuance of
such franks conatltutea an Ulecal dis
-.y eVv fv
Vice-President : Will Pass
Through: Portland (With
- Little Eeeognition. ;
Charles W. Fairbanks, vice-president
of these United States of America wlU
slide -Into Oregon tomorrow almost as
unostentatiously as if he were riding en
a brake-beam." Despite the fact that' he
holds the second highest elective office
in the gift of the nation, no preparations
have been made to receive him when he
crosses ths state line, no delegations srs
to meet him from the state's metropolis.
and the 0,000 Republicans of Oregon
who voted for . him three, years ago
wiu not even sena their state chairman
to bid him welcome. . -
Instead of Mmlni d I recti v to Port.
lane? Vloe-Prealdent Fairbanks will slip
down to Astoria, . where-he. la to be the
ueai or- oenaior runon roraeverai
ours, and then he will ro to Seaside.
which la to be the scene of the - only
publlo demonstration in ma Honor aur
Ing his stay within the state.
Wo OookWUls Prepared..
With ' the exception of the function
beside the ead sea wavea, no preparation
has been made to tender thedietlngulahed
BTieet ex muchr es -a, -"Fairbanks cock
tall" during his stay In Oregon. 'When
- r 1 ,
ivi wThiiA hr rit i A k v rrmn
IMU ill! UnLDIiHIi lH 1 1 IV USJn
Commissioner Balling:er ;Holds That Claims -Will Be IJeld ;
' From Final Proof Only ; Wliere Legal Evidence' Shows
: Holdew Are Guilty of Jlaking Falsg Affidavits. "
. (Continued on" Page Eleven.)
BRIAN'S. GIFTS". FR03I
d - (Hearst Maws Bsrv-iee.)
d ' Denver. JulV 11. William J.
d : Bryan, when' he mads hla recent
d .famous tour of the world, -col
lected a 'quantity of sou venire
d and-was the recipient' or many
d VglfU' at thehandsof king,
d - queens snd other potentates.
4 These, remembrances of many.
d lands the Commoner gave to his
d daughter, Mrs. - Ruth Bryan'
d Leavltt, for safe-keeping, and
d they were part of the" adornment
tf her home, at Tthe corner of
-Thirteenth' avenue and Race
" .(Ceatlaued ea fag Twelve
street. ; They are now the spoils , d
ef a burglar.
Mr. snd Mrs. Laavitt being
away from home, the latter, with
her children, having gone to Lin
coln some weeks ago, the work of
the Intruder wae undisturbed ' d
until a' neighbor hearing - the d
clatter of Juirvee and forks and
-a tussle as the furniture was be
ing moved about, tried the front
door, which caused a hurried ex
odua through the rear door by
the burglar, T The-screen of the
back door had been cut to gain
No more blanket covering of govern
ment publlo- lands taken up for- home
stead purposes, will , be allowed by the
general land office, according to a state
ment made by Commissioner R. A. Bal
ling" er yesterday and claims will be held
from final proof' only where legal evl
denoe . can . be shown . that ths holder. Is
snllty-of making, false affidavits ln'ro-1
gsrd to hla claim. .
- Judge Bellinger arrived with Secre
tary Garfield yesterday morning and
will, remain dn Portland a -week. v 'He
wu accompanied by. R-W. Dixon f Spo
kane, . formerly - of Portland, -who will
probably go over the work In Oregon
with Thomaa B. Neuhausen. acting chief
of the. ' first field - division, - who suc
ceeded Mr. Dixon, and Judge Belllnser.
Much algnlflcance is attached to. these
conferences and It la believed they
will result In many changes in the pros,
ecutlon of the work In Oregon..- - - - ;
.Many Xnaooent Ones Walttaf.
-There -are .eeld - to b several , thous
and cases before the various land-offices
- In Oregon-wbioh - require .imme
diate attention. Many. of these are in
regard to claims that have, been held
up from final .entry-because of blanket
orders ISaued 'covering vast areas - of
land-due to criminal' acts om the part
of a few.' Maiiy lnnooent parties have
been . kept from . making . final proof on
their homesteads because of these gen
eral orders and Judas Balllncer said
yesterday- that hereafter final proof a will
be held up onlv when legal evidence
can be ahown against the Homesteader.
Since Judge Bellinger qualified aa
commissioner of -the general land of
fice, his administration has been marked
with radical changes 'that have done
away with many practices that worked
a hardship on the settler and 7 accom
plished no real good to the government.
That he Intends to clean up the' work
in Oregon - as rapidly as possible was
shown today. He said:
-.. "Everything possible that will aid set
tlers In taking up their land and making
final proof will be done. The object of
tne government in opening; up the. land
was to settle It as quickly aa possible
ana mere win oe. done nothing that -win
work a hardship upon the settlers.
"As rapidly as possible the govern
ment will elean tip the-, eases where it
la shown ao criminal acts were commit
ted by the holders and the blanket cov
ering of large tracts through suspicion
will not ' be permitted.'' Only legal-evidence
can hold, up final proof, in the
future.--.-- - - - -- --
v , Trip Tery Satisfactory. '
' "My trip has been very 'satisfactory
thus . far.. The' only complaint to be
r.iEN in FORTS
) - ' f ' r
(Continued on Page Eleven.)
Coast Defenders , Sink At
talking Fleets and Repel
t". .Landing. Parties,
rSpeetal Dtsaatck te Tee JeanaLI
Fort Stevens, July 1$. This morning
dawned on a sleepy lot of officers and
men, following the first night of mlmlo .
naval " , war. r Everything was quiet,
though expectancy was In the air. All
looked for renewed action, as a very
strenuous night was put In last night.
Taps" was ' sounded as . usual . last
night-and the eamp-had settled down te
rest.' 'At I o'clock thin morning "to
arma" was sounded. Officers and men
scampered to their places and the oa.usa
of the alarm1 was lwurned
Several of tho' officers, accompanied
by a number of militia officers from
the-companles at Seaside, had boarded
the sovernment ateamer Our Mowerd
and -quietly left -the harbor eome time
oerore, unknown' to the men on duty,
At t o'clock thle -morning the Howard
endeavored to steal past the forts. She
was picked up by the watches and the
aearchllghta were trained upon her. Ths
battle oommandir.' battery commander e.
emplacement ofrioers. range officers and
thelY details were soon at work. The
sons. aalmufTa-and ranne were soon cal
culated and firing commenced. - .
In a short time the firing ceased,
after a terrific bombardment, and quiet
again-reigned In the camps.
The men and officers retired to their
(Continued on Page Eleven.)
NAVY YAR D AT WASH INGTO N
T, (Bnnt News by T-ontest .tsessS Wire.)
Washington. July 11. Japanese eplea
have "been - detected ' In ' the work of
gathering Information In the '.Washing
ton navy yard, the government's big gun
foundry. Rear Admiral Leu tie. com
mandant. 'to prevent their future oper
ations, has . issued the following order:
"The supervisory ' force In U - shops
will see - that -visitors - do not make
sketches unless they hsvs a permit. ' If
they see any one so doing:' they, will in
form them politely that It is prohibited."
- Ths order was brouxht forth br the
setlons of two Japanese - several daye
aso. The matter was kept secret until
today. A naval officer had hla attention
called to the Japanese who were sketch
Ins guns, and had them summarily
elected from the government reserva
tion, rne oroer or Admiral ieuise la
now poeted in. every building in the
yard and every man is belns ma.le fa
miliar with It. No person will be allowed
to, make sketches of any-of the build
ings or works unless that person has a
permit so to do. -
. Keen YlgUaat Watch. '
AHhous-h lha employes ef ttie'navy
Jard know of the occurrence, of the
apauese .being .thrown out and kept
Order Now Issued Preyent
ing'AU Visitors Making
"Sketches Unless ' Having
Permits Spy Also Detect
ed in Fort Rosecrans. - -
their eyes" open for not . only people
who have paper and pencil In their
hands, but also for sny auspicious look
ing characters loitering around. Com
mandant Leutxe declined to admit this
morning that the incident ever hap
pened. Questioned about It he sxld;
"I don t think that can be '. It
seems the men would have heard ot It
if It had happened." ,
In anlta of thla statement. hnW-T-
employes of the yard snd several of
ficers who saw the affair and others
who have heerd the talk about It, de
scribed It" to the quextLonnr and 1-
olars there, ia no .doubt shout It.
Also there le the commandant's order
potting everybody on minni aaalnst a
repetition of any akci. ,., a of tne w.rks
by the Japanese or . y Uier unauthor
V The news of the detection of the Jso
snese spies working In Washington ax
"nss graver meaning "In eonnectlori
with the report that a spy eTiKnve. in
similar work was found at Fort Ko.
crane in California.- in Kort Roe-rtie
the alleged spy making the sketch- wee
also a Japanese. Uuvernment ofricinis
here have .no assurance that aimil.ir
work has not been done or may n-.t b
done or attempted In all the mliltxiy
atrongholds of the,i:nlte,i Ktatns uf.
flolels of the navy department deplore
any such occurrence, partd-ulu rl y et
this time, as it occurred slmuli
with ths visit to the yard this iwin-ir,
of Commander Artsak of Admiral iiu
'"Two days airo the department re-iv. I
a telegram from Rear A itiiiml hvi. ,
mat L ommsnrier Arleoka i.-in-. .. v ... ,
the Washington yar.l Ailmlrl M.
moto's time in this fmnirr ei, i
short snd on account of the h'nt It
deoided that he would iwt air- . , t i .
visit all the yarrle jx-r..... . .- f
he la coming as (r ..-.- . .
phla, where he wiil v
ehli'bull.llns yarr1 ,,f i .
8hJ)'lvillilin c.'rr r y r
the run.i, t'. t 1
to V as in n v i"fi v
went to n i i