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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
PORTLAND, r OREGON. '
' FRIDAY, MAY 1 1; icca.
THE OREGON DAILY
AM IMDir EHDBKT
Tublished erery evening (except Sundey'n-every Sunday
taornlriirit The Journal Building, ( Fifth and
Yamhill (trMU, Portland, Oregon.
- Entered at the poatofflce at Portland, Oregon, for trans--forUUta
through tha malla a aacond-claaa matter.
Editorial Rooms.. Main 150 Buainass
.".' FOREIGN ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE.
Vreeland-Benlarnln Special Advertising Agency, lit Nassau
street Naw Tork; Tiibuna Building,
SUBSCRIPTION .RATES. " - . .- " '
f -' " Tanaa y Carrta. - -
1 1 Dally Journal, with -
!, 1 year
Tha Pally JnmL 1 yaar.... a. 00
' tlx Dally Joornal wit Sua-
r aay. months 8.TS
The Dally Journal, 6 araatha.. J. 00
Tb Pally Journal, wita Sun- . .
day, S axmtba.,... 1.03
' Tha Dally Journal. I nvoathe.. L90
"Tha Dally Journal, wttn Sun
ear. 1 areata.. . jSS
-gas Pally. ana . waaa. sella
Dally, . weak. CaUTered. Ivan
,, aay exeaptee
Remlttancas should be made by
express orders and small amounts are
-cant postage stamps, ,
i.ll STANDARD OIL AND THE
HE Louisville, Kentucky, Post
men outside of the Standard
- derstand the methods through -which-that ncom-
pany is daily adding to its enormous wealth.) One thing
is certain, however, and that is there is a profound im
pression all over this country that the Standard Oil com
pany's whole plan of operations rests upona defiance of
the law and a settled determination of its managers to
break the law for commercial gain wherever it is safe to
.do so.The time is fast approaching when -this evil must
be remedied. One of the largest and richest corpora-
"tionsin the world, dominated by the richest man in the
worldTIs setting-' ItselPaboveaw. . Thfs cannot go on
indefinitely. Either the government is stronger than
the standard Oil or the Standard
WellJust now Standard OU seems
-hand rif-'tttrVtmmtreyVc'ci Oregon are
". "urged, in certain quarters To vote for Standard "Oi if It is
properly labeled, politically.
"TThiaili el gii-g ,u huirehiiig
Hermann and Standard Oil I
v We doubt whether the young men
rTHET CHlfip:i)EPENSB dPNAT10NS
AR !s tTie natural enemy of woman. In tin
, civilized and many quasi-civilized countries
" the ' process of man-taming has subjected
woman to many cruel and barbarous
ajiirnaL-ManyJes ;JhffJbit- Like "other, animals of
noble instinct. kindnesa,anbdue3 his naturaLbelligerency.
- T- The instincrbf kindness was iri'lhe
veloped into a stntiraent which poets call love, and phil
. "osophers call natural selection, but which sociologists
tall maternal impulse.' At any'rate, whatever it is called,
rTp- it ts the vital etrinfi ple-Mrton-whif h inajuiHagf w ftom
barbarism' Into-civiIued"sOciefy. From this inherited,
.universal trait of self-assertion, man Still continues to
fissume, if not to assert the inferiority of woman. And
this, in a measure, will account for many of the conflict
ing opinions which gain currency whenever woman as
pires to universal suffrage. "' " . . " ' ' '.
V Without expressing an opinion of the suffrage move"-
' roent confronting the Oregon electorate,' it will be con-
ceded by all informed persons' that in diplomacy, moral
refinement, artitjWilljmil the yhAn irherliiT nt do
-Tnestic-virtues woman is man's superior. The historical
"conquest of man himself is suff icientlyiiuthetrtiertrra--"
thorize this' merited tribute. ; The literature of every
---- - race, the. history of all peoples, the impartial chronology
of events pictures woman taming the- ferocity of nations,
softening the rigors of -government and accomplishing
, . by diplomacy what ins manwould have involved; war,
' . bloodshed and desolation. . -v-
In every1 nation celebrated for intellectual skill, po
A litical pnrityr civic virtue, or domestic refinement, woman
. has stood side by side with man in the universal pan
theon of human progress.IT. The diplomacy of Penelope,
- holding intact an assaulted Ithaca while displaying a
- wealth of motherly tenderness, and wifely fidelity, con-
treating -kself-with-the- feuliar -qualities -of -Ulysses-in
" the mosnelebfared-pf' dprntfcpfcs7TrflfrqimyTr
sponse to the perennial assault upon woman's capacity
'"to rule. Indeed,whenever man- has-excluded woman
' - snvreestoa tot rayk Board.
: Portland, Hay 10. TO the Editor of
The Journal The writer being an ad
mlrer of animal life and Interested tn
soologlcarwork," naturally takes an in
terest In the small but stow In a zoo at
the City park. . . ' -..-:''-',
. But after nnraerous visits I notice a
seeming Indifference on the part of
those in authority to provide suitable
' signs on the quarters of the birds and
anlmaJa. ' .. - '
- The great majority have no sign at
all to enable those not familiar with the
appearance of-the animal to know what
' It lev Now. the great soological gar
' dens In eastern cltlee have all cages and
. quarters equipped "With signs giving the
common .and. f ctentlflo name,' the hab-
ltat and a brief history ot the animal,
i Surely this could be done In Portland
with very Inslgnlf leant expense and
1 then visitors would go away feeling a
snse of aatte fact ion and an InUTeat Jh
- what they had Been. ' - ,
I am sure suck action on the part of
the park board would be highly appre
ciated by all visitors to the-par.."
. '....:'.'. ' 3.K.U
' An Xnjas-Uoe to Vertlaad.
Portland, -May IS. To the Editor of
The Journal Quite a row was kicked up
recently because the government had
: left Portland off of a little map It had
published, but I have failed Jo see any
reference to the fact that the Southern
raelfio systematically Ignored . Port
land's - increase In population. ..That
company's folder-for February,' lo,
rati mates our population at 000 and
fiaa Franclsoo at 461.000. : Aa lucreaae
of about 1.000 over the laat census is
allowed Portland and over-MO.OOo for
8nn Franclsoo. As a issuer of fact, we
are entitled to about 160,000 . and Ban
Koaaiclace to about' 150,000. -.
Right here a word may not be Out of
place on the- question, of population.
According to' the -eensue f 1J Port
land was the laid city in the United
-f area end -fteai Frenetaea-was the- tth,
By tha census of 1 100 Portland was the
4 24 city and dan Francisco sraa still
4ha tru In Other words. In 17 Ban
Kranclseo was II times. as' large as
rortland, but In lfOO it was only three
sisd three fourths times as Urge. : Today
dignity and tenderness ot law.
into the, reasons
cases U war be
Of flea A. .Main tOO
sible alderman or
has resisted and
Trml ky Matt
Tha ty Journal, wits -';
day. 1 yaar....... ...87.00
Tha Dally Journal. 1 yaar.... S.00
Journal, with Bon
nature, will be'
aay. month. ............ 8.TS
Tha Dally Joornal. oootha.. 1.79
Tha. Dally fmtmal. wltk Sua-
any. a montnn.. ISO
Tha Patty Journal, man tha..- 10
The Dally Joornal. vltfe Sua
flay, 1 nvnnlh ., , ,. ..M
nations. r .v.
Journal, 1, aaaath.
Tba Ounday JoamaU 1 yaar.
Tha Sunday Joornal. siontha 1.00
draft, poatal : notes,
acceptable in 1 and
mitted' free, and
dustries may have
only' incidental to
says: "few if any
Oil company un
the policy being
Yet flourr most
the United States,
duty was raised.
more a necessity
Oil is stronger than
more wheat and
Prior to the
exclusively, as to
mune from the
Traiik Dakti1, Dingti
mow ta leea waae Ment auwaal ant saaliyi
will enthuse very
sell a good deal of
sumer will payThe
procesf ofager de
he -was forgotten
local "case, vote"
Word for sheriff.
kind of a man. -
anelTmefl' IS these,
-It Is but IttUe over twice as large, and
ln a very ft w years we- will be bb-with
it. . wit4-tfc-'a-a-
Orators Caused the Barthqwake. '
I atoT FV aaaa 1 T aaeat fa-t BV t j slfslvel tltSs
cause ot the earthquake that destroyed
San Franclsoo I have almost reached
the conclusion that the agitation of the
equal suffrage question was the cause
of the upheaval of mother nature. ' Our
good women mean all right, but what
they are trying to do is enough to cause
the earth to ahlver. I really think, un
less some scientist discovers otherwise,
that I will have to believe the earth
quake due to the movement for women
to vote. They have brought ot-here
to the Paclfle coast some of their heavy
weight orators and campaigners, and
sueb a weight put on one side of the
country is enough to make the earth
' f' Give the aTamee. -
Prlneville, Or., May S To the Editor
ef The Journal An anonymous corre
spondent writes to The Journal that
equal suffrage has had horrible result
In Wyoming. For more than It years
the advocates of equal" rights have had
a standing ch alien Inviting the oppo
nents to find in all Wyoming two re
spectable men who will assert over their
own names and addresses that it has
had --any- bad eeaults.-whatever.-The
opponents have thus far failed to re
spond. , , EVA D. DOAfC
Sow Xt Works la Colorado. V.
-Jeffarapn, Or.. May 10.- To the Editor
of The Journal In my last communica
tion to The Journal 'I showed you how
women suffrsge was working in Wyo
ming and Colorado. I now propose to
enlarge somewhat oh the same theme.
The report of the proceedings In tha
Bbaf forth- election case Mn congress
makes very interesting reading. It ap
pears Shafforth was largely supported
by-the women voters of the stats, and
the evidence produced for tha purpose
of unseating him was so overwhelming
that he threw up the sponge before final
action was taken. The evidence went
to show that women as wall, a men
were guilty, -the most "unblushing
fraud. -It Is surely bad enough to see
men rough end unprincipled .men
committing deeds of this character, but
to- have the gentler sex stooping to th4
commission of unlawful acts to gain
a political victory Is pitiable In the es
treme, . Lawrence Lewis, in his able
snd impartial review of the working of
woman suffrage la Colorado its com
pelled to make several admissions which
from governmental influence the history of legislation i
polyglot of infamy. Wherever she has touched the
hand of authority civilization has been enriched- by the
Thest considerations must be a powerful actor in. de
termining the suffrage contest. They compel an inquiry
for hostility to female suffrage. And
"when', these inquiriei are legitimately pursued in many
Discovered that Ahe propaganda back of
springs from doubtfuLinterests and in
struments of immorality," against which the normal
woman is an inveterate foe. '. Neither a gamblers trust,
nof a liquor combine would welcome woman as a pos
legislator. But' step by step .woman
overcome the insidious assaults of similar
the moral progress of humanity; and if
her untiring devotion exhibits at. times an apparent want
of logic, man, the object of her solicitude,, when even
from the moral quicksand of his fallen
first to acknowledge-the contribution kof
and daughters to this chief defense of
s -r---. a :v-s. : .- r r s. :-fr-:'.
JAPAN'S FOOD SUPPLIES.
UST BEFORE the adjournment of th5 recent TP
it sanctioned a measure imposing duties
imports-that had" theretofore been ad
raising duties slightly on articles, al
While protection: of Mapan'a infant in
been an object, this, it is judged, was
the main object xf raising tnore rev
enue by this means. The average' increase in duties, on
amounts" to 13 per-cent, and it. is es'
only about'$lI200,0(XI more revenue,
to tax luxuries, such as automobiles,
and jewelrV,-rather than necessaries.
of which' imported by Japan-is sent by
is one of the articles on which the
The importation of wheat flour in
creased from $300,000 in 1894 -to $5,000,000 in 1VUJ, and
has materially Increased since; making it Jin easy means
of raising more revenue. Flour is becoming more and
to the Japanese, and it iabemg per
ceived that to maintain a high physical and mental stand
ard more aluminates and less carbon-hydrates, that (is,
barley and jess rice, must De used.
discovery of the ongm-of that terrible
train.' on rice, but if having blen ob
served - that - prisoners - fed largely on .-barley" were im
disease, the Japanese are taking more and
ta iaea maae tram whaah awa) ssslmi in
would be encouraging to American wheat raisers and.
except for the expectation that in a few
'flour thererlnd there as here the
tariff tax. c;- ; - - 1 .
HE FORGOTTEN MAN is getting.to the front.
toilsomely,, gra finally. "--
beginning to think, ' the hitherto , For
1 " 1 ' r "
Man usedTlo voleer sfraighC He look
the party county paper for his political bible. He hur
rahed for this,, that and the otherThen, after. election.
neglected man.' We rejoice in his growing independence.
- Why; Jesus loved the forgotten, neglected man. ; Lin
coln turned a tumble-bug in a rut over to give it a
chance and yet millions of men, women and children
are first being robbed, and then forgotten, by our alleged
men are going
CARTOON Tn this mprntng'sOregonianls a
wonder. It is really, for that paper, unusually
Who are "supporting Roosevelt?" Aldrich, Foraker,
Dalzell and Elkins; or Williams, Folk, Hearst, Bryan
'';.-""; r ..":......'"V""?""v; ' - --.r T---
Now, really, which and who? : f - V
By the way, we don't doubt at all that if President
Roosevelt were a citizen of Oregon, he would, in this
for Chamberlain Jor-jrovernor and for
He isn't a perfect. man, but he is that
. "'.. .
RoosevertetavndSr-an44nust .. necessarily stand, with
renrdless -of party."
a Republican; heis too .big and ..con
Aldriclris a Republican.
ought to settle the question once for
all. - He- saysr -. n - m -,
'he.. wouienr politicians who..though
not vicious,- are in politics for what
there Is in it In Jobs and money."
- a - "It ls-af to say thtujnl
ordinary conditions and under ordinary
police administrations SO per cent of
the fallen women in .our cities are com
pelled to register and to vote at least
once for the candidates favored by the
police 'or sheriffs officers." - -r -
The tn1y - argument the suffragists
of Colorado advance in favor of their
cause, now that they see how It works.
Is precisely the same argument that
they use here when they Invade our
pulpits to ventilate their political pro
paganda. "Would, you In Justice refuse
the Intelligent and refined women of
your family the franchise you give so
freely to illiterates, foreigners and ne
groesT thereby assuming," as Mr. Lewis
says, "that one approves of allowing
the men of these classes to vote without
restriction and while forgetting thai
these Illiterate foreigners and negroee
have Women In their families." That alt
the women even of Colorado do not
regard voting as among their natural
rights is shown by the flat and oft
times Indignant refusal by many to
vote at all, and by the manner In which
such a large proportion of the others
look upon voting as an unpleasant. Irk
some and unsought duty,'
"These ars nol my words. " They axe
the words of Lawrence Lewis, an. able.
Impartial resident of Colorado neither
an office-hunter nor an of floe-holder t
but a man of fine personal character and
familiar with the political conditions of
that state, one of Its best known and
ablesVcitlsens. - Do the men of Oregon
wish to see such a condition of affairs
existing here? Ood forbid.
.. . . . OKEQONIAN.
--'From the Syraouse Herald.
- Congress Is framing what It calls a
"model Insurance law"5 for the District
ef Columbia. Now If congress can man
age to turn out a model aet ef directors
It will have done something -to be proud
of. . . . '
True Enough at Times.
From the St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
' The boys stood up In a row,
. "Johnny Jones."
..' "Tes'm." , ' ' V."
"What is elocuttonr v ' .
"Why, that's the way they kill
In the cute ef New Tork.". - ,
The blessed rain.
', ' . ' "1"..".' 1'
Thls Is Oregon, not" Arlsona,"
:, ' - e e -
--JDnly threedaye more
register.- . " .
In which to
The fight between the People anil
Standard Oil is becoming Interesting.
"Made in Oregon." '
, V e a-. '-
It. Isn't-Party,-but Men. that voters
areieek4hg . ' ' ' .'"' -..
"yy v .'--e-e -. f--.:,--.;r-vr.-
Is Roosevelt a Republican T..,..
"... '.:v. . e -'e ' .
Chamberlain has filled the bill.
- ' - .. -. . s. e , e- --- : i- . -
- " The Albany Democrat think that "a
native American-is none too - good for
governor of Oregon." --r.-;
- .' s 1 s "'.
, Nobody wlU- hang George Mitchell.
If Kwaan't made tn Oregon, - don't
Duy ii. . .. . ' .
, .-. - .' : js -a. r ''
Tit; te men, not parties, that are Iro
portent .-. ' , ......
-....' a . a; J.-. '..' ,';
...There really ought to be no opposition
to the ejection or. Judge Halley.,
. -. ,.-.'- ' -yy;-:,";'; "
"The Oregonian gets down to pettt-
foggery Jn its arguments," reraarka the
Albany Democrat, o, well, that Is noth
ing new. -j'' .'.
Baseball ta Interesting to more dbooIsl
pernapa, man pouiica.
- -- e - e '...,
Bad luck is usually the result of bad
managamenc . . .
Dig up the burdocks and thistles
root and branch. .
. '.. .. . ' r
Tesypu. better . reglsterT "and vote,
.aomafaow . - -i , m , , ,
3rJJLthtJietjegiiature be heldapt
-Everybody seems to a area that 6re-
aun has a s;ooi-er.M.a-r. ravr.nr-- -
We told you It would rein.'
sliter will not go fair wrong.' - -
Development Is the Watchword.' -
.. ' . .. '. . :
Tet some Democrats will run.
If anythlna; can beat the ReDubllcari
party, the OrerontKn- will do if It
seems to be trying Its beet. ' "
If the president shows that ba la
bigger-than-the- Standard Oil Tympany,
he wirTprove himself a tig, stout fel
low, Bure enough. . - .:.
Jrult- crops - certain
to be good in
Douglas county. . . "". "
There are numerous very good Indica
tions pointing to a veritable rush Ire -the
I timber business., hereabouts. In the very
uw iuiur, says me noaepurg Mews,
a a '..''-
Lots of street and sever work "to ba
- Corvallis' Tlmas: .. It la nrobahla that
tha Kauplsch creamery will do a busi
ness of $160,000 this year. It Is under
going - a- development that promises
within a short time to make It the moat
important enterprise in Benton county.
It paid out 180,000 for butter -fat last
year. It is. now making more than a
ton of butter per day. It haa a market
at fancy, prices for every pound of but
ter turnea out.
. . .... . ...... . e e
Bright "prospects In and , around
Union, says the .Union Republican, and
we oeiieve it.
-r a a
W ho were In town-yeaterda;
neas, says the Corvallls Times. He de
parted for his home this morning with
quantity or household euDDlles. a
thoroughbred shepherd pup and a Jersey
week or 10 days of warm weather will
settle the question of -whether or not
we are to nave a good prune .crop.
a a y"."
Considerable building rolna on In Man-
slde. . ..... ... ..
Be sure that It's made In" Oregon.
: : . . a e -. r
Canyonvllle Echo: Wild and tame
flowers are so plentiful now that tha
teachers desks are loaded , with them.
ine pot piants are also looking wall
and most of them are in full bloom. .
- e e I
Irrigon . Irrigator: Fourteen - man
came into Irrigon In one bunch Batur.
day looking for Jobs and were promptly
pui io worg oy tne uregon land A
Water company. Some 10 or 40 men are
now employed - making laterals for the
distribution of water from the main
-, a e
Thus complains the Gold Hill News:
'A. good, field of labor for those -.inter
ested In the development of -OohLiiiU
would be to usee their Influence with
the proper parties In havlna- the nil.
road right of way through town cleaned
up. in other towns along the line this
matter fa attended to regularlv. while
here trash and debris are allowed to lay
around In heaps and- pools of -water are
permittee: to . stand until they become
stagnant frog ponds. .
"... .. e e . i . r. "". - -Wool
being clipped now all ever Ore-
gono. - -. - ., . J
Roosevelt's Fearlessness. ' L
Frora the Pendleton East epfegonlan.
Because of the fearless character of
Theodore Roosevelt the Dlutocretia
members of his party will surely turn
. . - m w .
ICr was , too' warm for usnow-itjj
better,-fjrx --- - - -
mm oown ana out oerore another presi
dential election eomes on. Because of
his fearlessness, candor, vigor and hon
esty he will be 'given the same dose by
the -conservative and non-progressive
members of his party that Bryan waa
given by the same classes tn his party.
Joe Cannon or some other Iceberg, Fair
banks, perbaps, will likely be chosen te
lead the Republican ticket In 1008, Just
as Parker was chosen to lead the De
mocracy tn 1S04. The only logical out
come of prevent conditions Is g reunion
nf the morrrT rorei with Bryan. Hearst,
Rooaevelt,..Folk, La' Fillet te and such
men aa leaders, leaving the truats in
possession of the s old fossils of both
parties, which are both red-handed in
the balls of congress In fettering the
'. ' ...''
THE-RISE OF GENERAL
Lieutenant Colonel . JA. . Wroua.
- It is not -often that eight years see
somany .remarkable .changes in na
tion aa have taken place since April
ts, 1891. Our country had Just de
clared war against Spain. We had a
small regular jurmy of leas than 15.000
effectives. A quarter of 4 million vol
untas- were wanted r s million were
offered. , - ... ".'.' w '-
' Four months from that day the war
with Spain had -ended. - Cuba was tree.
Porto Rico was virtually a part of this
nation. A little later the Philippines
were under the control of the Ameri
can government. . ' -
In a little regular army, and the vol
unteer army that - was raised lor -me
occasion, were many officers -unknown
outside . oftbo army and . small circle
of friends, who now have national rep-
ytatlens, sosae International, . ... , .
Todaythe name of Oenerar
Funston Is spoken by millions. Four
hundred thousand cltlsens of a stricken
city on the Paolflo Coast have been,
looking to htm -with grateful hearts for
his service in their behalf during the
most trying period In the history of
any city on this continent. - '
It may be said without' hasardlng
risk that there has- seldom, - If ever,
rested upon the shoulders of one man
mightier, responsibilities' than have
rested upon the shoulders of that little
brigadier-general of -the regular army
since the earthquake and the disastrous
fire which followed It ' Not a criticism
haa been made; no fault has been rouna
with what he-has aone. Appsrenuy
he has made no mistake. He has met
ell demands. He haa filled the bill. ;
Who was Fred Funston 10, years agoi
A young man in Kansas, a taachera
newspaper reporter," something r ot av
lawyer. Before - our country aeciarea
warfcgCTStHpain-ne- was m t-awi
fighting side by side Wtth the-Cubans
who wanted - liberty, no one taiaea
about him then; no one, apparently,
knew-who- he wasV-nor where he came
from, except the email circle" of friends
Vna mrum railed tlOOIl fOf, trOOpS.
Thau Kansaa friends, knowing ot the
mut m ti-htl--4ii-h1m. -aaked'-ths . goy
ernor to JnM FTM - unawn-w
nf one of the regiments. It waa done.
and no volunteer regiment, gave a bet
ter aocount of itself than the one led
by this Kansas boy. ' '
l He-did-- whaX-aaemedLJA. Dft. lmpo"""
things. He swam, rivers tn tne lacerre
annmv HI! SOlOlSrS WOrw rwuj
follow hlrii anywhere-Taiosimw
Kinley made , him . a .brigadier-general
of volunteers. '
- Numeroue efforts had been made to
capture -the tead-or-thenuippme. m-surrection.-
Agulnaldo had done a world
m-i.hise Hia neoDla blindly fol
lowed him and obeyed his -orders, and
rhev-wflirtd have en
the present daynaa ne nn i -t,,rA
mnA imnrtsoned. Effort after f-
f ort had bectt-madoobrtog this false
leader to captivity. ' '- '
The Kansas Tngftmer inougn . i.-
could capture him, and torn uraarai
MacArthur and General Wheaton of his
Two or three weeks afterward he sailed
Into Manila bay and turned over to the
authorities the long-eought head of. f i
PhlUppinee'-civU And military govern-
That was thereat beginning of peace.
- For this he .was made a brigadier
general of the regular army, an act
which-waa much crltlclaedat the tlrne,
President McKlnley having lifted this
Kansaa boy over the heads of.all other
officers In the regular, army unuer v..
krlnrtlar-a-aneraL In the. light
ef hieTrocent achievements we ahaJX
probably hear no more criticism oiin
promotion of the Kansas volunteer ,
In this connection It may be added
that within a few months It wlU be
his turn to receive promotion to the
rank of major general. -
So much for this unknown Bchool
teacher, reporter and part lawyer of
elght'ears ago;" and, concluding, I
want to mention the splendid light In
which hie wonderful leadership haa
placed the rank and file of the Ameri
can army. .. --- . . '- --'''-" "
Influence of the Cigarette. "J "
rtriaAn flwett Marden In the Success
MVi 11 id"
moral side or'efgarette emomg.
MMiiui It aimnlv because of Its blight
ing, blasting effect upon one's success
i nr.. hamuia It draws off the energy.
sape- ihc-vltallty and force which ought
to be made to ten in one , be
cause -It .blunts Ulsensi oi mi
deadens the- thinking faoultles;3ecauae
it kinshearhbIiron and the finer-tn-l
stlnoU. and the more . delicate aspira
tions and perceptions: because It de
stroys -the7 ability teeoncntTate-the
mind, which la the secret of all achieve
ment. - '
The whole tendency xt i the cigarette
nicotine poison In tne youtn is to arri
development It Is fatal to all normal
functions. It blights and .blasts-.both
health and morals. It not only ruins
tha faculties, but It unbalances the mind,
as well. Many of the roost - pitiable
cases of insanity In our asylums are
cigarette fiends. It creates abnormal
nnnatltea. a trance, undefined longings.
discontent, uneasiness, nervousness, irri
tability, ard. In many, an almost lrre
slstlbls Inclination to crime. - In fact,
the moral depravity which follows the
cigarette habit is something frightful.
Lying, cheating. Impurity, loss of moral
courage and manhood, a complete
dropping of life's standards all along
the lines, are its general results.
A chemist, not long since, vtook the
tobacco used in an average 'cigarette
and soaked It In several teaspoonfuls of
water And then Injected a portion of it
under the skin of a eat. The eat almost
immediately went into convulsions, and
died In 16 minutes. . Dogs have been
killed with a single drop of nicotine.
Cigarette smoking Va no longer simply
a moral question. .. The great business
world has taken it up as a, deadly enemy
of advancement, bf achievement. Lead
ing business firms all over the country
have put the cigarette on the prohibited
list. In Detroit alone, 6t merchants
have agreed not to employ the cigarette
user. In Chicago, Montgomery "Ward
el Co., Hlbbard, Spencer Jt Bartlett, and
some of the other large, concerna have
prohibited cigarette pmoking among all
employes'tmdej1 irYeetw trf age. Mar
shall Field ' Co. and ths Morgan ac
Wris-ht Tire eompany have this rule:
"No cigarettes can be smoked by our
employes.'! Qne of the questions on the
application blank - at Wanamaker's
reads:' "De you jise tobacco or cigar
ettesr The superintendent of tha Llndell
Street Railway of St Louis, says:
"Under no circumstances will I hire a
man who smokes cigarettes. -He Is ss
dangerous on the front of a motor a
a man who drinks. la fact he ts more
dangerous; his- nerves are apt to give
way : at-Any . momenta. If . 1 .find -A-carl
running badly, I immediately begin to
investigate to find If the man smokes
cigarettes. Nine times out of ten he
does, and then he goes, for good."
E. H. Harriman. the bead of the
Union Pftdfio railroad system, says that
they "might as well go to a lunatic
asylum for their employes as to hire
The New York. New' Haven A Hart- I
ford, f he Chicago. Rock Tsland- Pa--f
cirio, the Lehigh iValley, the Burlington
and1 many others of the leading rail
road ""companies- of Ihla country have
issued orders positively forbidding the
use of cigarettes by employes, while on
duty. '" "; " ' .,
. -.. -l i . '.:-...:
At Kamla, Idaho.
May 11 We arose early and break
fasted again on horseflesh. The village
of-Tnnnachemootoolt is In aot-enly-a
single house ISO feet long, built after
the Chopunnlsh fashion,, with sticks,
straw and dried grass. - It contains H
Area, about double that number of laml
Has and might perhaps muster 100 flght
Ing men. ' Their- subalatence is roots
and the nolae made by She women pound
in them gives the hearer the idea of
a nail factory. Tet, notwithstanding so
many families are crowded together, tha
-Chepunnhibi-are--much more-eleanly -1
their persons and habitations than any
people, we have met slhSe we left the
Ottoes on - the liver . piatte. in the
course of the morning a chief named
Toompahkatlm, - a stout, good-looking
man about 40 years of age, who had lost
his left eye, arrived from his village
on the south side of Lewis', river. We
gave him a small medal, and finding that
there were -present the principal chiefs
of the Chopunnlsh nation, we thought
this a favorable moment to explain to
them the Intentions of our. government.
We therefore collected the chiefs and
warriors, snd having jdrawn a map of
the relative situation of our country on
a mat -with a pleoe-of -ooal, detailed the
nature and power of the American, na
tion, Us desire to preserve harmony be
tween all Its red brethren snd Its Inten
tion of establishing trading-houses for
their -reliefs andeuppert. Itwea l: hot
without difficulty, nor till nearly half
the day-waa .spent. . that Waweraable
to-convey all this 1nformatlonta-.the
Chopunnlsh, much Of which might have
been lost or distorted in its circuitous
route through a variety of languages,
for In the first place we spoke in Kng-
l!!iL .VLSS'St Curer whqjjanslateja.
into- r'rencn to (jnaooneau; ne in-
terpreted it to his Wife - in the Mlnne-
taree language; she then put it Intp the
Ehoahone and the young Shoshone pris
oner explained It to the Chopunnlsh in
tlielr onu dlaler.fa . At laat we succeeded
'cummuHU'atint tne imprsssion we
wiahed and then adjourned the council.
after which we amused them by show.
Ing the wonders of the compass, spy
sris sir mw gnerrwxvtrti-mnitratrgunvneactt
of which attracted .its share of admira
tion They said that after. we had left
the Slinnetarees ' last autumn three
young Chopunnlsh had gone over to that
nation who had mentioned our visit and
the extraordinary articles we had with
us, but ""they-had "placed -no confidence
In It until now. .Among other persons
-present was a youth, son of the Chopun
nlsh ehlef. Of" much consideration.- killed
norTong slhcebythe "Mrrihelarees "6f
Sort de prairie, as soon as the council
was over he brought us a very fine mare
with arott and begged ' us to accept
them aa a proof that he meant to pur-
sue our advice, for he had opened hia
ears to our councils, which had made
his heart glad. We now resumed our
LEWIS AND CLARK '
. - aasJsaasaaBBaanBBSSBBeB - '
lrtrffrne'cttl ttHtKrrs s;nd
patients afflicted with scrofula, rheuma
tism snd sore eyes, to all of whom we
administered yery cheerfully, as far aa
our sum and supplies or meaicine would
permit. We also visited, a. chief who
had for three years past ao completely
loaf the us of his limbs that he - lies
like a perfect corpse In whatever posi
tion he la placed i yet he eats heartily.
digests hie food very well, hss a regular
4 pulse. and retains bis nesn in enort,
were he not so pale for lying so long
out of the sun he might be mistaken for
sv-nan lit-perfect-healllL Jhls .disease
does not seem common; we have seen
only i three . caaea - of It among the
Chopunnlsh, who alone are afflloted
with it. The acrofuloue disorders we
may readily conjecture to originate In
the long confinement to vegetable diet.
which may perhaps also increase the
soreness of the. eyes... but this strange
disorder baffles at opce our1 curiosity
and our skill.
A Hard-Luck Story. '
- By Jamee J. Montague.
I told 'em that a great big boy waa never
meant to atsy
A-hangln' round a batfy-eart In Central
park all day; -- . -
f altera playln ball. .
An, now. lit bet they wlsht that I had
- done It. after all.""..
For ma's been cryln' all night long aa
Because I traded baby off for this here
.... coastln'-csrt , n . , .
Ton" see, a had" hadihe cart about a
month or twe!
An' se waa sort a-hankertir to play with
"aomothln""now. "-' ' ;"- " ' 1 " '
An' when he see me comln' 'long he talks
to me a while,
An asks me what's ths baby's name, ar)'
. how you made him smile. .
An, say! - I bragged that baby up an' told
wnat ns could do, -
An' pretty soon he said ha guessed he'd
- like to have one, too. ' -
-, , . . m jw-
Well, that's right where seen my
. chance,, so I praised up four kid.
An' told htm all about his ways, an' all
the things he did, i ; -An'
said that when he brought him home
- - t'wud do him good to see
How glad he'd made his mother, an' bow
pleased his pa would be.
An' when I'd talked like that a while" he
wanted hlrn so bad
He bought htm with his coastth' cart,
'cause that waa all he had. '
' ( -"..'-
I thought It was a real smart trade, be
cause there's kids to spare? - ---
A-klckln" round our little flat 'an', under
- ''every chair, . '
But when I .told my ma she screamed,
and pa, he-cust an' then
He went to get tha cope to help get beby
- back again. . - - -
I don't see what they want htm fotvhe
- always brought bad luck.
An' that there kid that'e got him now
will find out that he's stuck. '
: - - -
But that's ths way with grown-up folks;
no-matter what you do '
To help 'em out o trouble, why, the
. blame gets put on.you . .
However nice you try to be, you get mis
understood, ' t " -.
An they don't ever realise you de It for
their good. . . . . . j
It's always turned out Just like that with
everything I've did.
I tell you what It's pretty hard Some
times to be. a kid..
Running on His Record.
From the Cloverdale Courier.
Governor Chamberlain Is making his
campaign on his record as chief execu
tive of Oregon four years and it's a good
record te run on. Reduced taxes, a
cleaner administration. a Beneral
straightening out of the tangled' affairs
of the state land department and a
large saving to the state In the way of
interest earnings 1 on. state school fund
ere-some or the Items or. interest in
his administration, which please the peo
ple and which will lalm their votes.
the pathfinders op;
. By Rev. Thomas B. Gregory-
Man may have been produced by na
ture, but. now that, he la produced he
la much greater than nature.
. After thousands, perhapa millions, of,
years of "evolution." nature has. Anally '
evoluted a creature that Is much wiser
than herself, and that . In his - cunning
Improves upon her in ' many ways.
As proof of the truth of this state,
ment witness the refrigerator, the annl
hllator of climate, the arrangement by
which, summer 'a heat la neutralised, and -the.
erlap air of December Is made to '
prevail midst the sultry heat of Jury.
The Inventor of the first Ice machine -was
a Frenchman named Carre. . Carre
brought out his invsntlen in this coun
try in the year 1860, thus founding the .,
so-called -"ammonia absorption process." .
In this process a solution of aqueous
ammonia Is employed, being first gener- "
ated as a araa. then condensed and the
i alio wed to expand and absorb -the J
- Ammonia bolls at the low temperature .
of ,28 H F. It Is, . therefore, very easy
to convert It from the liquid form Into
a gas, and this change "raises the pres
sure of the. ammonia very materially;
then by leading the ammonia through
pipes that are kept coid by flowing cold
water the ammonia can be again eon
densed. - - - ';,.'-.. v'
There Is also the "compression" sys
tem, which haa proven Itself to be more ;
convenient tf not more practicable thari,.
the absorption process:
In this, ammonia is allowed to ex
pand Into a gas, and Is subjected ' to .
pressure by- means -ef a steam - pump.
This compression lnoreases the heat -of
the ammonia gas, and by then pain
ing the ammonia through oolls of pipe
and making it cold again, the ammonia,
ts .reduced -,to the condition- where Jt -seeks
to regain its heat.
I Pw alflwit tk mm im nlnna lhnt '
surround at tank f water the ammonia
reduces the temperature of the water
In its effort to regain its lost beat, and -by
continuing the process the water In
the - tank . Is finally brought below a
4 snsssal'ash BlB, a SI Bsb sTinT si ft sft si ByiareiBl mfkA sfrraVsITrl-SMesV
-sfaBBwsjBjrssrwB'-"B7er-" svwbiwbm a w wsg w
Ice." :.' - ' .'.'" - '
And thus It comes about that by the
help of a tittle coat and water and am-
monia we cut make winter in the miliar
of summer, and preserve fruits, vege
would, soon perish in the summer heal.
The refrigerator thus brings sll cli
mates to . our doors no matter where
those doora may ha,
" Thanks to the Idea, started by TJarre,
New Yorkers, Chioagoans, Parisians ir
any other people can sit solidly at home.-
hf- they have the monet.'end command-
that the - richest meats and daintiest
fruits of all the lands of the earth ba
delivered to them perfectly sweet and;
fresh and It shall be donel .
Says a high authority: "Cream from '
a .famous dairy -te. sent torpartiaulsr
patrons In Paris,, snd it Is known that
in one Instance, at least a bottle of.
son to whom it Was consigned, made
the return transatlantic -voyage and was
received In New Tork three weeks sf tor :
Its first departure, perfectly sweet and
a- , , ... .
'One "midsummer'. day. as) the United
States Warships lay off tMe southern
"coast of Cuba1 says the same author
ity, "meat was wanted from the refrig
erator ship. In two minutes men wero
in-the hold of the ship, gathering the
frost from the cooling pipes and snow
balling each other, while . the boat
keeper outside of the -lnch steel plat- '
Ing was fanning himself with his hat. -almost
dlssy from tha quivering heat
wavea that danced before hia eyea. The
great sides of, beef hung In rows werrf
froien as hard as rock. Even after th
Btrip" cT"WatefiiBdbeeh crossed 6rnh"
return -Journey- end -the- meat t exposed -to
the glare of the eun the cruiser's
mess cooks had to saw off. their por
tions, and the remalnder-edntinued hard
as long as It lasted." -
It Is only a question' of time when
every house, church, theatre, and other
place where human beings ' assemble '
will have tire benefit of Carre's Idea, '
and, like Othello, the tyrannous Ice trust
will have lost Its occupation. . ; .
-The Rubaiyat of a Versifier.
From the New Tork Sun. -
Wake! For the redd'nlng east proclaims
the morn. , . . .
'No mure my manuscripts 'shall roain"
': unbought, -
Nor shrivel In an edltor'e hot scorn.
Isle, -- -
Whether the page with JhoughjtiMlear
j. i oeiuue.
My-poems come back eureTyeneT-!"
one. ' -
plainly see that' I must charge my
. style. , . i .
Each mom an Inspiration brings.
Henceforth, I shall but tales ot laughter :
, tell;,--, i
Touch; not on deathor .ein, or derv
But play the fool. The tragic will not
. seu.-i- , ,
I'll dip my pen and to the tune of
spring - .
One sprlght.y lyric to the world outfllng;
And : it shall . chime, with nonsense
Tot 'tis the present fashion ao to sing..
V ' ' ' - 1 - . .
Some write fort glory and go hungry;
some ,..'.....-.-.. . i -, .- - -
Toil if or remembrance in the years te
I'll take the cash and-let the credit
Better to live on pie than chew a crumb.
Perhaps sortie genius with Jits biirnthr
nen I . ' ' - ' T
May scorch ( his story on the hearts of
May llmnMhe truth and please tne
..... , publlo too: -
Perhaps" he --rhay,- perhaps but -then -
Thalia, comet , A And thou, too, Momua,
apeedt .' .- '
My gas bill" and fny rent reveal itir need.
Deacend ye on 'me and your f nts oe-
- StOW. V r
That I may writ what alllthe world
will ,read. V .--""r ""'-
Evidence of General Prosperity.
" From the- Dally donsular Report --The
Iffibortatton e.f precious stones at
New Tork bears testimony te the groat
prosperity of the nation. During Marrn
the aggregate fVas In value 83.78l.7tl, '
the highest for Lne month In the history
ot the oountrw, and 8700,000 more than
In the corresponding month last year.
The entry, of tutomobllsa presents fur
titer -evldencf of the earns" kind. In
March 100 machines, valued at 1840.000,
were imported, aa compared with 4
for . the samel monthof 108. In the
three month J ef this calendar year" 100 "
ears, appral ed at 11.000,004, Were im
ported et N w Tofts. Only a little ever
half as man y were imported in the cor
responding ime in 1 80S. American au
tomobile en s.nufacturere should bestir
themselycs 1 o eupply the home demand.