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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 14, 1904)
THE, OIIEGOIT DAILT JOTHlNAIi, TORTLAKD. TIIU11SDAT ETENTNo; JANUARY 14. 1904
SIDE OF IT
Continued from Page One.)
the reason that many of the delegates
will depart . for their homes Friday
night Secretary Mellis of the local re
"ception committee u notified of the
board's action this morning.
The second day's session' of thr N
- tlonal Livestock convention opened this
' At 10 o'clock the convention came to
order and- Secretary Martin proceeded
with the reading of resolutions.
The first was Introduced, by Hon!
ilalph Talbot of Colorado, and was
adopted. , It reads this:
"Whereas, On Friday, the 4th day of
December A. D. 180J, the Honorable Wll
for the. National Livestock association.
passed Into. the .
suburb of the life elysiaa
, Whose portal we call Death."
"Therefore be it resolved by the mem
"hers of the executive committee of the
National Livestock association In meet
log assembled! ' .
"That by the death of that distln
guished Jurist and statesman this aSso-
elation has sustained a deep and poig
nant loss: V . ' v " , 1 "
"That the services rendered by him In
Our behalf since the inception of our
organisation, toward the achievement
of the ends and purposes for which this
association has striven, were character
ised by such eminent ability and un-
swerving faithfulness as are inherent to
' minds of great comprehension and noble
In their simplicity;
"Thai this resolution be spread upon
the minutes of this comraitte and that
' copies thereof be sent to the f amily of
"That In the , report of the seventh
annual convention of this association a
page, imprinted with a copy of this
resolution, be set apart ' in memory of
our deceased friend and leader."
Growth of Poisonous Plants.
The next resolution adODted was the
Whereas, The ranges in arid ana
semi-arid states are being threatened
' 1 I. . " ,
- - . V M
COL. W. EL BKINNEB.
General Manager International Livestock
Exposition, Chicago. Will Speak on
Benefits of Livestock Exposition. :
by the , increased growth of poisonous
plants, which causes the destruction of
' a great number of catle and sheep, and
Whereas. The government Is endeav
oring to stamp l i f in plague; there
fore, be it
Resolved, By the National Livestock
association In convention assembled that
in recognition of the valuable services
to the livestock industry In the investl-
i gation of poisonous plants upon the
ranges and . the remedies and antidotes
iur men poisons, aireaay maae oy un
bureau of plant Investigation, we ex
tend to said bureau the thanks of this
convention; and be it further
Resolved, That we respectfully urge
upon congress the importance, and ne
cessity of liberal appropriations for the
carrying forward of said Investigation.
. Indorse Pure Pood Bill.
..Then came this resolution, Introduced
by Mr. Richard Scott:
Whereas, The national dairy and
food commissioners have prepared a
pure food bill, which has been Intro
duced into the United States senate
by United States Senator Cumber, said
bill being No. 198; therefore be It
Resolved, That the National Livestock
JOSEPH E. BTUBB3.
President Nevada State University,
convention Indorse said , bill and urgo
Its passage by the congress of the
This was adopted.
' Another resolution favored the enact
ment of the Lodge bill for the reorgan
isation of the consular service. It was
KatUy 190S Pair.
A memorial , favoring the appropria
tion for the Lewis and Clark fair was
unanimously adopted, as deserving gov
ernment aid. These will be forwarded
A. resolution favoring an open range
and a proper forest reserve, when prop
erly administered, was ordered back to
the executive committee for approval.
Then followed the report of the aud
iting committee approving the reports
CarcS CcIJ taOns Dy,
f v h
Fpn Nam "
fimnina js sn
. CrSI. a dv srmrs
HON. JOHN M. HOLT.
First Vice-President National Livestock Association.
of ' the secretary and treasurer.
wa ordered filed.
A Wixs to BOOSSTttt.
The following resolution was adopted
and ordered wired to President Roose
velt: -,- -. V
"Resolved, That the sincere thanks of
the entire membership of the National
Livestock association In convention as
sembled at Portland. Or., are hereby
enthusiastically tendered President
Roosevelt for his untiring and success
ful efforts to bring about the building
of the great Panama canal, the comple
tion of which will. In the Judgment of
this organisation, be the crowning
achievement of the twentieth century."
Then followed the- address of Col. A.
C Halllwell of Illinois, on "The Tariff as
It Affects the Stockgrowers." This was
to have been delivered tomorrow. The
address -.follows .j
. Editor KaniweU's AAOress.
Editor A. C Halllwell of the Chicago
Dally Livestock World addressed the
convention on "Foreign Hides and
American Livestock Producers." He
said In part: '
"The proposition to throw down the
tariff bars that now serve to limit, if
even in a small decree, the number of
LBouth American and other foreign hides
that reach this country, la a serious
thrust at the business of the American
"Whether the cattlemen will only
have to stand the cash loss of I1.2S per
hide, or whether his business would
suffer 1015 per head by the British
and other embargoes that would follow
an outbreak of foot and mouth disease;
or whether his herds would be entirely
wiped out by some such foreign conta
gion are matters that only time could
"The one certain thing In a reduc
tion of the duty on hldea would be that
ranchmen and stock farmers would have
to foot the bills. ' .
Taaners Split Leather.
''Boots and shoes cost much less to
make than they used to, but they do
not cost the wearer any - less.
"Modern tanning methods are- such
that one hide by being sliced will pro
duce several times as much foot wear
as formerly, while the common experi
ence is that the modern ahoe often
goes to pieces before the sole is worn
out, to say nothing - about the numer
ous resoltngs the shoes of the good
old days would stand.
"The tanning trust is going to put
hides on the free list if It can.
"There are men who would risk de
stroying countless millions of dollars
worth of cattle for the sake of the ex
tra profits they would make on free
Kldes Convey Disease.
"It Is only recently that several stock
shows In Argentine had to be aban
doned on account of foot and mouth
disease being epidemic. It has been
repeatedly shown that this dread dis
ease is easily transportable through
the medium of hides, and yet there,, are
Interests that are clamoring for our
ports to be thrown open for the free
admission of South American hides.
"Livestock producers of the United
States have a right to demand that what
they produce shall enjoy as much of
trade protection as is given to those
Who engage in the final processes of
The "Evolution of the Livestock busi
ness" was the subject to have been
treated by Hon. R. W. Hall of Texas, but
he was unable to attend.
Xr. Cotton oa Transportation.
lion. W. W. Cotton of Portland made
an address' on the "Relation of Transpor
tation Companies to the Livestock In
dustry." part of which follows:
"Stage coaches used to be the only
means of travel. A steer could not be
carried in a stage coacli and could him
self walk along the road at about the
same speed that he could be hauled In a
wagon. Prior to the costructlon of rail
roads there were no carriers of livestock.
Later, railroads refused business because
they had no facilities for handling It.
Since then the railroads have made prog
ress and are now great common car
riers." Mr. Cotton spoke of the duty of com
mon carriers and their obligations in
respect to all property. . He showed the
difference between the car service for
livestock and dead freight The rail
roads are not compelled to have special
apparatus for the loading of wheat, but
for livestock there roust . be specially
constructed yards for loading," he said.
"Wheat is carried In cars which can
be used for other freight on the return
trip. Stock cars do not permit of this
and have to be returned empty
gtockmen and Claims.
The speaker referred to the fact that
stockmen are ready to make claims
against the railroad company for every
loss sustained on a hasardoue trip of a
train of livestock. All Injuries to stock
are expected to be made good." All fa
cilities are expected to be promptly .pro
vided. The livestock shipper recalls
more, expects more, and demands more,
than other shippers." ; ' i
Mr. Cotton produced an array of sta
tistics, rates and figures which were re
ceived with great interest by the dele
gates. As the legal representative of a
railroad corporation his statements were
listened to closely. Mr. Cotton was con
sidered successful In making a just and
reasonable impression on the part of the
railroad toward stockmen.
Springer Hakes Comment.
President Springer could not resist an
opportunity to tell a few funny stores
after Mr. Cotton's address terminated.
E. S. Downs of Kansas City read the
address of .Hon. L. A. Allen, entitled
"Discrimination of Transportation
Companies." that gentleman not being
present. In "part this follows:
Mr. Allen's Address.
"Ranchmen may beg for cars to move
their stock to market,, but they are
ignored. The railroad agents tell them
there are a hundred ahead of him. If
A claim for damages Is filed it is pigeon
haled and finally the company will offer
to compromise for 80 per cent.- Unjupt
and discriminating rates are another
abuse. .- When stock arrives in market
It often arrives with a shrinkage of 25
Member of Executive Committee, Los
Lunas, New Mexico.
per cent, causing many failures. 'The
great loss Is reflected in other lines.
Losses compel economy and affect other
Hew York fty-Scrapors. '
The railway magnate !- directs the
wheels of commerce from his New York
skyscraper and reaps dividends from
enormously water stock. Livestock
trains are delayed at way points ; to
await more freight. This is unjust.
Many western lines would never have
been built If It were not for the live
stock Interests. Now some of these
lines refuse to handle the business un
less it suits their convenience.
"The railway company has the ad
vantage of planning ahead as to the
probable amount of business to be 'pro
vided for. This shows either incompe
tent managers or a willful disregard of
"Ton fin JnAff a
man or th company
be kn. Yon can alto
lodge bis mimical taate
br the make of. bis
Is purity Itself. Carrying power Is
often sacrificed for a pure tonal
quality, but In the HARDMAN
purity and volume go hand In hand.
No Imperfect piano could Produce
the TONE the HARDMAN does.
The TONE of a piano Is an Index
to its character, we have no piano
in our warerooms over which we
more warmly enthuse. We will
make It possible for. you to own a
HARDMAN by accepting a little
each month until it is paid for.
w Oldest, Largest. Btrongest. ' '
COR. SIXTH AND MORRISON STS.
.1 I SSJBISllSkl,IMaaM,S'
shippers' rights. Whert the shipper ob
jects to a shrinkage In his stock he is
informed he is a kicker. ,
' "Glib-ton gued corporation attorneys
confer with railroad commissions. There
is a little smooth talk, all depart for
their homes and that is the end of it all
If the' roads will not serve the public
they should forfeit their charters.
recommend resolutions passed by this
convention enforcing legislation to right
these wrongs and that congress be
memoralised. ; In conclusion, I, "would
say that the railroads should be regu
lated aud judged by the same rules as
those that govern Individuals." , X,
Kf. Banndara' Paper.
B. F. Saunders' paper on "Are the
Railroads Fair to the Livestock Inter
ests?" was read by Mr. Johnson. "West
ern ranchers have never been able to
receive what they are entitled from the
railroads," said, the speaker. . "I - am not
disposed to ; underestimate the advan
tage' of the modern packing house. - If
the . practice Of companies in making
favorable rates to certain centers was
ever justifiable ' it has long since de
parted. Small ' plants are unjustly
treated. Before the days of merger it
was ' possible to gain soma prosperity
through competition. Shipments were
at higher-rates last-year in the- faceot a
Director-General Goods of the Lewis
and Clark fair sent in an Invitation to
visit Guild's lake this afternoon, free
transportation being offered.
A smoker will be given tomorrow
night (The Astoria trip has been given
up on account of so many delegates
going to their homes. The Astoria dt
Columbia River Railroad company, how
ever, announced It would arrange to
care for any and all who- desire to visit
Adjournment to 1:45 p. m. was taken
at 12:10. .
' Afternoon Session.
This afternoon, in addition to other
matters, was an address by Dr. J. E.
Stubbs of Nevada, , entitled "What Shall
We Do With Our Graslng Lands r
" President Stubb's Address. r "
Dr. J. E. Stubbs, president of Nevada
State University, spoke on the subject
"What Shall We Do with Our Public
Graslng Lands T" ' In part he said:
"The question of the disposal of pub
lic lands occupies a large portion of the
pages or .law statutes on both sides of
the Atlantlo ocean. The Anglo-Saxon
has an insatiable desire for the exten-
W. LLOYD GRUBB.
President Colorado Cattle-Growers' As
sociation. sion of his domain. The United States
has acquired, by one means and another,
a gVeat portion of Its domain from for
eign countries. First came ' the Louis
iana purchase by the great Jefferson:
Florida was purchased from Spain and
Texas came to us willingly. The Cali
fornia, Utah, Nevada and part of New
Mexico cession from Mexico was ac
complished in 1848. The acquisition of
the magnificent Oregon country was ac
complished without a fight
- ltefers to the Pair.
"I presume,, when we come to Port
land in 1905, to celebrate the expedition
of Lewis and Clark, and make admiring
mention of the ride of Whitman, we
shall do adequate justice. In song and
speech, to the statesmanship which gave
this territory to the United 'States. We
expect to do honor to the heroes of the
Problem of Today.
"While other decades have had their
questions to settle, I oonslder the most
important problem of the present age
Is the settlement of the public land
question. Public lands west of the
Stth meridian are unknown and posi
tively undervalued In the East It Is a
greater question than the Panama canal;
than finances or any other Internal
question of today.
Irrigation a Big Thing.
"The irrigation law passed two years
ago Is one of the wisest ever enacted."
Here Mr. Stubbs discussed, the well
known advantages accruing to benefited
sections under the Irrigation law. In
Nevada, he said, 148,000 acres were b-
lng brought under cultivation by the
government :, He spoke of the broaden
ing Influence of the West upon eitisens,
and recounted the words of President
Roosevelt who discussed the land ques
tion in his last message.
He enlisted on ills side such men as
Secretary of Agriculture Wilson, Sec
retary of the. Interior Hitchcock and
Commissioner Kicnaras or the general
land office. He recounted the testimony
brought before the house committee on
public lands and reviewed the opinions
of prominent stockmen of tbir country
with clinching effect.
To Lease Publlo Lands.
"The plan proposed," said he, 'Is to
lease public lands to worthy men, with
wise restrictions." ';
He reviewed the condition In Texas,
where lease laws are working well, and
agreed with President Roosevelt in his
recommendation to have a commission
appointed to examine all lands, classify
them and directing their disposal. '
Ths Australian system of making
variety, of leases, each adapted to cert
tain classes of lands, was endorsed.
i Hon. F. H. Newell of Washington
made answer. .,.;,. :.-.m:. "o.s
Gov..Heber M. Wells of Utah spoke
on "The Policy of the Government Rela
tive to Forest Reserves." He said:
. Address by Governor Wells.
'The subject allotted to me that of
forest reserves Is interesting by reason
of the largo number of nice and gpod
things you cannot say about It" said
Governor Wells of Utah. "In Its study
and discussion one Is constantly exhilar
ated with the knowledge that even If Its
purposes are all that Its devotees wish
for It, there are still untold aspects which
must be left to the Imagination, and In
Its magnificent scheme of economy it
suggests that we be denied a thing of
value now so as to be able at a later
date to expect something we may not
get ' V ,.. :-:-,:'
i 'The objects of these forest reserves
are twofold. First to furnish timber
TO CVP.B A COLS X 01TS BAT.
Take LaxatlT Bromo Quinine Tablets. All
drurftaU refund tba money if It falls to ear.
B. JV Crora'i signature Is ra each bee 96$,
V -is f ii.-
1 ' .J:C;;.'i
from the lands which are not suited to
the production of a more "valuable , crop;
second, to regulate the flow of water by
shading the ground from the sun - and
shielding its surface . from ' the drying
action of the wind, as well as keeping the
soil, pervious and protecting it f roin wash
ing away. . These purposes are in the
highest degree commendable.1 As to the
regulation of the ' flow of watery with
all that pertains to that great problem,
we oftho arid regions have of necessity
the profoundest Interest In ' whatsoever
tends to Improvement for in a truly
literal sense, water la with us the life
blood of existence, the lndispenslble ele
ment without which our prosperity would
vanish. In no state is Arbor day more
enthusiastically observed; in no country
is the value of tree life more deeply im
pressed ' upon young and old than with
us. . We even try to deny . ourselves
Christmas trees, lest by the wanton cut
ting down of young timber, our already
scanUly-clothed hillsides be still further
denuded. .:vd..vv: ':::idv:.-'-
. ' Pores Xesorra s Thaadarbolt. .
"I have the honor to represent a state
which, upon its admission to the Union,
received in grants from the public do
main something like 6,600,000 acres of land,
tne proceeds rrom the sale, or which are
to be applied to the euDDort of the public
schools' and the maintenance of other
state institutions. Selections and sales
of these lands were progressing with
gratifying r: celerity. Satisfaction f and
benefit were flowing, to all concerned.
New homes were being established when
suddenly, as a thunderbolt crashing out
from a clear sky, came forth the edict
that certain of , tha public lands were
withdrawn from entry, selection, settle
ment or sale, Th first announcement of
details on this subject was so stupendous
as to stagger tha steadiest of us. It was
proposed, in a word, to slice out for
forest reserve the entire length of our
chief mountaltt chain from Idaho on the
north to- almost Anions on ths south,
a stretch of nearly 300 miles, nestling at
tha base of which, In fact were nearly
all our largest cities, our greatest rural
population, and our most important In
dustries. A second thought , developed
the further query as to whether the au
thorities of the Interior department at
Washington know a Wasatch Mountain
forest reserve when they sea it Fortu
nately this plan of glgantlo reservation
was subsequently modified, but we are
row calmly Informed "that there are now
under consideration for poor Utah further
iiWivirau a wsci w . iibsj ail uutuuvi $ cxpi
gregating 1200 square miles, or nearly
1,500.000 acres, making a grand total of
over 6,000 square miles or nearly 4.000,000
acres of public domain thus withdrawn
from, sale or settlement Do you wonder
that in our pious moments we reverently
thank God that the Great Salt lake la still
left usT .The secretary of the Interior
has dona all else but take the lake, for
neither beetllpg cliff nor scorching desert
has escaped him. :
Taat Official Ignorance.
'1 have various objections to urge
against tha policy of forest reservation
as at present in vogue. Experience has
shown that In the selection of many of
these large tracts so far as pertains to
my own state at least there is the most
ridiculous ignorance as .to their nature
and suitability for the purpose Intended.
Furthermore, they are altogether dispro
portionate in area to the needs which
they propose to remedy. There is a
woeful lack of discrimination and judg
ment In both these respects. When a
would-be buyer, of public lands comes
before the proper officials to negotiate
a purchase, he certifies as to what the
nature of the land is ; whether more
suitable for grazing, or agriculture, or
timber, or coal, or stone, etc. The in
terior department in its wholesale selec
tion of. forest reserves, is loftily above
and beyond such perfectly reasonable
requirements; it chooses what It will.
. GET THE HABIT
A SALSBURY HAT
Straight Tips About
Our Sale ')"
L 4 ftp
Jr.:: If j x-'J :
' V I
REDUCTIONS IN EVERY PART OF OURIOUSE ,
MORRISON AND SECOND TREETT ; . '
ICO YEARS OLD
STRONG AND HEALTHY.
Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey Saved My Life from Bronchitis Six
Years Ago end Has Kept Me Strong and Healthy Ever Since,
Writes firs. D. M. Roberts, of La Orange, III.
r-r! T i .
good flesh. I sleep soundly.
very life of old people, and I would not
; The average length of Ufa is less than 50 years. The census shows there -are
only 3,586 persons in the United States who have passed the century mark,
- Almost verv one of them owes bis or her rlne old see and freedom from disease
t to Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey, the true
their letters regularly in tha papers
wonaenui oia people.
DUFFY'S PURE MALT WHISKEY
v PROMOTES HEALTH AND LONG LIFE.
' It Is an absolutely pur distillation of malt a gentle, invigorating stimu
: lant which builds up the worked -out run-down, weakened, diseased constitution
and keepa it always in condition to throw off and resist disease. It kills disease
, germs, quiets tne nerves, repairs un
worn-out, diseased tissues, tones up the
heart, enriches tha blood and strength
ens the circulation, and gives power to
the brain and strength and elasticity
'' to the musclea V" ' '
Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey cures
Bronchitis, Coughs, Colds,, Grippe,
Asthma, Catarrh. Pneumonia, Pleurisy,
Consumption and all diseases of the
throat and lungs; Dyspepsia, Indigestion
and every form of stomach trouble;
Malaria and all low fevers. It Is in
valuable for overworked men, delicate
women and sickly children.
If you wish to keep young and strong
and nave on your face tha glow of per
fect health; if you wish to live to a
great age and to retain undlmmed tha
use of your faculties; if you would en
Joy Ufa to the fullest and be independ
ent In old age, take Duffy's Pure Malt
Whiskey aa directed, and take no other'
No other medicine or combination or
medicines will do what uuny s wm oo. - i .
It is prescribed by 7.000 doctors and used in over 2,000 hospitals. V
Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey containsno fusel oil. and Is the only whiskey
recoirnlxd br the Government as a medicine. This Is a guarantee.
OATTTIOV. When yon ask for Daffy's Yura Malt Whiskey be aura yon gat
tha genuine. Unscrupulous dealers, mindful of the excellence of this preparav- -tloa,
will try to sell yon cheap imitations and malt ; whiskey substitutes, which
are put on the market for profit only, and whieh, far from relieving tha sick, are
positively harmful. Demand "Duffy's" and be sura you .get it it Is the only
absolutely pure Malt Whiskey which contains medicinal, health-giving qualities.
Daffy's Pure Kalt Whiskey is sold la sealed bottles only) never In flask or bulk.
Dock for ths trade-mark, tha "Old Chemist" on tha label, and be certain tha seal
aver tha oork is unbroken. Beware of
Sold by all drurolsta and grocers, or direct, 1.00 a bottle,
free. Duffy Malt whiskey Co., Rochester, N. Y, ,
regardless alike of tha adaptability for
timber growth, and of tha Injury it may
do to tha state by depriving - soma
worthy aettler of a ohance to make a
home for, ' mind you, ? these reserves
Spring Styles of
Pormar prloeo of Bulta and Ovarooata
wan S10M to S40AO. '
STona but tha best eve find thai way
Into on house. Tha Stain Block eom
paap amd X. Knppawhalwiat, k Oo. are
eoasidarad two 6f tha best clothing mak
ing firms la tha aonntry. ;
$5 to $7.50
AHowad am feattar grades during tha aala
" -i - , . , ''",,!' ' . . . i
$2.50 to $4.50
Oat awajf from formar prices oa f 10.00
and SMjOS rarmanta.
HalfoHa Veckwaar, Boo.
Mrs. Roberts Doesn't Look a par Ova
- Sixty; eads the Papers 'and Sews -
Without 'Spectacles. Thanks , to
Duffy's Para Malt Whiskey, X Can Di-
gesi Anything, Sleep Soundly, and Ant
Smart for My Age, ,ic yy
"I write this letter to thank you for
what Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey has
done for me. In 1898 I had an unusually
severe attack of Bronchitis, and the best .
doctors said I would surely die, because
1 was such an old lady and there was
not enough vitality left in my body to ,
resist the disease, .Nothing they gave
me had any effect '
'"My son saw your advertisement and
bought a bottle of Duffy's iure Malt
WhUlrnv for me. . It saved my life. It '
brought back'my strength, and. I , ha"o-
"I war born in May, 1804, in the town
of Cliftondale, Mass., and I am there
fore in my 100th year. I can sew and
read the-papers without tha -aid .of spec
tacles, and am unusually smart for my
age. Thanks to Duffy's Malt Whiskey,
1 can digest anything, and I am a Evi
dently getting all the nourishment out
of my food, for I am so much stronger
- man l nave Deen ior years, ana am in
I never take any other medicine. Duffy's is the
be without it" MRS. D. M. ROBERTS'-
Ellxei of Life. We have been publishing
Mrs. Roberts 1 one, of these
are so wldespreadfng in their boundar
ies, and seem 'indeed to. be especially
planned so as to Covet tha lands along '
(Continued on Page Three.)
Famous Salsbury Hats
Are Three Dollar Values for ,
I 1 mm