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About Lincoln County leader. (Toledo, Lincoln County, Or.) 1893-1987 | View This Issue
Lincoln County Leader.
J. Ft 8TBWAKT. Publisher.
AN ILLINOIS PIONEER.
Tk Father ufthe Stat Vnivtmlty Ii Held
la II luti Kiteem.
Among the Doted nonagenarians of th
west few are held in higher esteem than
Professor Jonathan B. Turner, the father
of the State University of Illinois, who set
tled in Jackson
ville in 1833 as a
professor in Illi
nois college, and
who still lives in
that city, enjoying
a serene old aice.
Chicago in those
days was a mere
collection of rude
log huts, and dur
ing the first year of
residence in the
country he went
there and saw the
3. B. TURNER.
by which the Pottawatomie Indians sold to
the government for 3 cents an acre the iand
where tho Lake City now stands, which
price, by the way, has never yet been paid.
Professor Turner was born in Templeton,
jhuhi., uec. I, isuri. ills rather was a farm
er whose sons all knew what hard work
meant. Jonathan was given a deed of the
paternal farm when he was 18 years old, on
condition that he should stay at homo and
work it. At 23 he decided that he didn't
want any more farming, but wanted to go
to Yale college and get an education, so
that he might be a lawyer like Daniel Web
ster, whom he knew well and whose great
speeches had fired his youthful imagina
tion. His older brother, Asa, had been there
before him and was oneof the famous "Yale
band" thnt did so much good in the west
in the matter of founding colleges an 4
Jonathan made cn arrangement with
President Dwight by which he was to
t.nnl, ntt.1r.tl... In fr.- l.l 0'- r.1.""
tion. He never graduated at Yale, howev
er, for in 18113, before he had completed his
course, Illinois college, which was one of
those founded by tho "Yale band," offered
hlin a position, und he went there to com
plete his studies and take his degree. In
tue beginning of his career at the college lie
taught all branches of the curriculum, of
ten doing the work of two teachers 111 order
that one of the faculty might be spared to
beg for funds with which to carry on the
When he had been teaching for 15 years,
Professor Turner concluded he had got
enough of that also and returned to the oc
cupation of his youth furmiug. He made
a success of it this time and soon acquired
a fortune. One of thethings that most im
pressed hi in was the lack of knowledge
among farmers ubout the principles of sci
entific agriculture. This it was that led
bim as early as 1848 to agitate the establish
ment of an agricultural college, and of 10
years of that agitation the state university
at Champaign is the beneficently fruitful
SHE BEARS A MASCULINE NAME.
A Girl of the Tennimiice Mountains Who
Writes Entertaining 1'lctlnii.
The pretty town of Murfreesboro, the
anclentcnpitul of Tennessee, pops up In his
tory occasionally as if it would not be de
nied a claim to the remembrance of future
generations, but it is doubtful If even tho
fact that it was near the scene of one of the
great buttles of tho civil war will do so
WILL ALLEN DIloM1100l.lt.
much to preserve its memory as the other
fact that within a decade two of Its daugh
ters have made fame for themselves as
writers under masculine nnnies. Will Allen
Droiiignoleisthe latest of these; but, unlike
that of Charles Kgbert Craddoek, whoso
near neighbor and friend she is, the mascu
linity of her name is not a mere ruse of the
pen, but was the deliberate choice of her
parents at hrr birth.
Wins Dromgoole was the sixth daughter
in her family. When she was born, her
parents gave up the hope of ever having a
on and listened to the half humorous sug
gestion of a neighbor t hat tho bahy should
have a boy's name. As she grew older she
developed traits ill keeping with her mas
culine appellation. Her father was a per
(Isteut hunter and Usher, and she brcumt
his constant companion. rhe is an expert
with tho rod and gun and does not know
what "feai" means. Her hunting costume
Is of gray corduroy, such as the mountain
eers wear, and the short skirt reaches just
to the top of the boy'n boots with which she
covers her little feet.
Up 111 the Cumberland foothills Miss
Dromgoole has a pleasant cottage Uiere she
and her father, as chummy as ever, spend
their time from April to November every
yeiir. Tho fat her is now 88 years of age,
but is still an expert angler, and many a
day the pair of them walk 10 miles In pur
suit of their outdoor pastime. Miss Drom
' goolo christened her cottage "The Den,"
but her neighbors cull It "The Yellow Ham
mer's Nest." Her study there Is decorated
with the skins of animals which she and
her father have shot, and the flour is car
peted with similar spoils of the chase. The
walls are decorated with pipes aud walking
ticks, gifts from admiring mountaineers.
Each of the sticks commemorates a story,
and some of them are handsomely carved,
for carving Is a natural gift of those strange,
shy people whom Miss Dromgoole has ac
tually at well as artistically "made her
Miss Dromgoole Is a proline writer and
finds a remly i iket for the product of
her pen. She alien her characters from
the life and knows whereof she write.
Method she sayif she has none, but depcuds
upon the inspiration of the moment. Hlie
recently made au extended visit to the
north aud was much petted by the literary
people of New York aud iloatou.
A London west end tobacconist states that
many of bis customers do not hesitate to
give half a crown for a single cigarette, and
those at a hilling apiece are by no means
uncommon. The present fad among ciga
rette smokers is for tips of costly and eo
EipiM Kut Cuu.lilered.
Wife Now, if you intend to give in
-blrtliduv present vou need not iro ia
nVf luOB8 cheap John niuoty-uiua I provide regulations governing the pro
ouiit iujre for it I 'I111'1'0" llierool and maintenance among
Husband No ind
Joed, tny love. Han I
o to n dollar tor-
(lit exptusot I'll go
NATIONAL CAPITAL NEWS.
The annual distribution nf .eede Ki
th R Agricultural Denartment ia franti
cally completed. The amount distrib-
utea is do percent greater than last year.
i.ach Congressman received 3,000 more
bags of seeds than in any previous year.
The appropriation for the present fiscal
The Committee On Tnilian AfT.ira lta.
decided not to move the Utes from the
Colorado reservation. A substitute bill.
which is a compromise, will be reported
to the House. It will not become a law
until the Utcg agree to its provisions. It
will provide for keeping them on the
western end of the reservation, giving
iiiem one lownginp in jew Mexico,
They will bo given a quarter of the pres
Secretary Smith has tra.nnmifri.rl tr
Congress an adverse report on the House
bill providing for the restoration of 1,801
square miles of land in Yellowstone Na
tional l'ark to the nub he domain. The
Secretary gays the segregation of the
land is the result of obstructing the en
forcement of regulations of the govern
ment in the park, owimr to gouattimr bv
poachers, trapperg and other undesirable
characters. The boundaries now hxed
are satisfactory to the department. No
good reason for the proposed change is
Senator Carey is encouraged over the
prospects of the bill for cession of 1,000,
000 acres to each of the arid-land States
and territories to be improved by irri
gation. The general expression of opin
ion by members favors the bill. There
is little doubt that it will be favorably
reported soon by the Committee on Pub
lic Lands. Mr. Carey believes the bill
will receive the unanimous indorsement
of the committee. Senators Dolph ai.l
Vilas favor the bill, and gay it provid, s
for an experiment in the right direction
and may lead to a solution of the ques
tion of what ia to be done to reclaim the
The Senate Committee on Public
Lands has agreed to report favorably
Senator Kyle's amendment to the sun
dry civil appropriation bill, providing
that any honorably discharged ro'.Jicr cf
tne late civil war and not now the owner
of UK) acres of land, and who has not
availed himself of the privileges under
the land laws of tho United States, may
acquire title to 100 acres of land by mak
ing application therefor in person at any
government land office and paying the
ii i ri i in i in price of $1.25 per acre. The
law now requires a residence of six
months on the part of the ex-soldier.
The fortifications bill, as it came back
to the Senate Committee, had added to
it increased appropriations to the amount
of 82!l,450, but not a cent for I'ugct
Sound. While the llritish government,
10,000 miles away, gees the necessity of
strongly fortifying the entrance to the
Straits of Fuca, the Congress of the
United States seems scarcely to know
that there is such a place as Ksquhnalt,
or that every dollar expended there is a
menace to the cities on Washington's
inland sea. The total amount of t lie
hill as now prepared is $,',054,104, which
is over $800,000 more than was appro
priated in the same bill last year. The
principal amounts added to the House
bill are $220,000 for equipment and work
at the Walervliet factory and $275,000
for the purchase or manufacture of eight,
ten and twelve-inch gtuiB.
Mr. Groevunor of Ohio jias introduced
in tho House a resolution calling for a
special investigation of Governor Till
man's action in seizing railroad property
and telegraph lines engaged in interstate
commerce and with armed force and vio
lence establishing a censorship of the
daily and weekly press of the country
and prohibiting the transmission of news
dispatches to the newspapers. Tho res
olution directs the Committee on Inter
state and Foreign Commerce to inquire
by what law such acts had been commit
ted and whether the laws of tho United
States had been violated. In his remarks
on the resolution Grosvenor said this
was tho first time in the history of the
government such a censorship of prosB
dispatches had been established. The
resolution was referred to the House
Committee, on Interstate and Foreign
Commerce, of which Wise of Virginia is
A bill introduced in the House by
Wolverton of Pennsylvania abolishes
the oflloo of United Slates Circuit Court
iomiiiiHHioucrs, ana repeals the laws
authorizing appointments thereto. The
Attorney-General is authorized todivide
the States and Territories into as many
Commissioner districts as he may deem
necessary and chango tho boundaries of
such districts or create new districts
when required. The President is au
thorized to appoint on the nomination
of tho Attorney-General a suflicient
number of Commissioners in the dis
tricts, to hold olllce for four years. The
Commissioners are to havo the same ju
risdiction now conferred on United Stales
Circuit Court Commissioners, ami will
lie authorized to try with a jury of six
all offenses punishable with line or im
prisonment and sentence the defendant
with the same ell'ect as if tho defendant
had lieen convicted in the United States
Three bills are now being considered
looking to the collection of $100,000,000
indebtedness of the Central and Union
1'iicillc Kailroad Companies to the gov
ernment. Two of them are now before
the House Committee on Pucillc Hail
ways. One was introduced by Geary,
another by Itrow n and a third bv Boat
ner. The' Gearv hill provides lor the
foreclosure of the government's mort
gage on the two roads and the appoint
ment of a committee on the part of the
government to manage the roads. Geary
says his desire ia to make the men who
have grown rich out of the railroads pay
the government what they honestly owe.
From what can bn learned the firown
hill is not likely to lie agreed upon, but
after it und Geary's bill have been thor
oughly discussed a new measure will ho
reported embodying the features of one
or the other. The lloatner bill also pro
vides for judicial procedure to compel
the companies to make restitution to the
Cuminettl lias introduced a joint res
olution atil homing tho President to in
vite all tho nations of the Western Hem
isphere to a conference on the financial
question. Tho preamble of the resolu
tion recites the (act of the community
interests existing in tho Western Hemi
sphere; the continued depreciation of
silver; the default by Guatemala; that
Mexico and the governments in Central
and South America may take similar
action, and asserts that the various in
terests of the United States are threat
ened with loss. Then follows tho resolu
tion. Hy it tho President is requested
to invite representatives of American
liepublii to meet in Washington, whose
object it shall bo to "obtain relief (mm
tho conditions which have canned the
demonetization of silver." The second
partis: "Tho convention shall lie for
the purpose of drafting a treaty or treat
it's on tho subject, to lo thereafter sub
mitted for ratification to the nations
represonieo, caiemaUMi to secure to
them such recognition of silver from the
iiuiioiinui uie r.Hsiern i lemispuere ami
i',''",lv,,'f J?1 "lh , ,,,V,"ra1,! wiU
wni "'l oond.tmni and
protect their common Interest.
JUSTICE IN SAMOA.
The Behring Sea Bill in the
House of Commons.
SCOTLAND WANTS HOME RULE
That Country Urges the Kitahll.hment
of a Leglnlature to Deal With Scot
tish Affairs Dictator In Peru.
Londox. The Behring Sea bill intro
duced in the House provides that the
arbitration award shall -have effect as
enacted by this act. Any one contra
vening this act will be guilty of misde
meanor within the meaningof merchant
shipping act 54. Any ship violating this
act is liable to forfeiture. The court
without prejudice to any other power
may release such ship upon the payment
of a fine of 500. The Queen in council
may make, revoke or alter orders carry
ing into effect the provisions of this act,
nu any one contravening the regula
tions oi such oruer shall be liable to a
penalty of 500. I he order of the Queen
in council may provide that such officers
of the United States as are specified mav
exercise powers under this act similar to
those exercised by a British naval oflicer
in relation to British ships. The act is
to become effective May 1, and any ship
sailing before its publication shall be
freed from forfeiture.
I'AltLIAMENT FOR SCOTLAND.
That Country Urge, the Ktnl)llliiiieiit
of Home ltule.
London. In the House of Commons
James Henry Dalziel made a motion
that it was desired, while retaining in
tact, flip Tinwnf ftnd onnr-ornrir... rjf the
Iuierial Parliament, to establish a Leg
islature for Scotland to deal with Scot
tish affairs. In speaking of his motion
he said nobody would say that the House
of Commons was so congested that a
new aud bold departure was necessary.
The government's proposal to appoint 'a
grand committee to deal with Scottish
affuirs was only a temporary expedient.
The Scottish members of the House had
voted for home rule for Scotland. They
entertained noanti-English feeling, their
sole object being to procure for Scotland
legislation that wag impossible under
existing conditions. The House adopted
the motion 180 to 170.
Ua Guma Will Not be Permitted to T.aml
III lluelio. Ayres.
Lishon. The Portuguese government
has informed Admiral da Gama, who is
ut Buenos Ayres a fugitive with a num
ber of his followers on board tho Portu
guese wnr ships Mimlello and Albuquer
que, that it cannot permit the Brazilian
refugees to land anywhere excepting on
Portuguese territory, and then onlvon
such conditions that they cannot return
to Brazil in order to intervene in the
civil struggle. The Portuguese govern
ment is sending another war ship to
Buenos Ayres in order to assist in the
removal of the Brazilian insurgent to
Portuguese territory. The insurgents
on bourd the Portuguese war ships now
at. Buenos Ayres are gaid to he in a de
plorable condition, many of them suffer
ing from wounds and" diseases. Two
cases of yellow fever were discovered on
tho Mindollo. ,
Inquiring Into the Currency Question.
Ixindon. The Central Associated
Chambers of Agriculture have decided
to immediately represent to the govern
ment the urgent importance of the cur
rency question ; also to ask the Uoyal
Agricultural Commission to institute
special inquiries into the bearing of the
currency question on agriculture. Be
plying to a letter from a gentleman in
the city asking that the government deal
promptly with the currency question,
Premier Kosebery writes tluit tho sub
ject is engaging the attention of tho
Cabinet. Mr. Smith has secured Mav 1
l for the discussion by the House of Com
mons ot a resolution on international
Two rrenlriuuta anil Dictator.
Lima, Peru. Kx-President Caceres
has been proclaimed Dictator of Peru,
tho situation being that Peru just now
has two Presidents and a Dictator. Con
gress and the people are hostile to Ca
ceres, but the army is with him. He
was ono of tho candidates for the Presi
dency. The city is in possession of the
troops, who are snpportiiig Caceres, and
it is reported that Senor del Solar, the
constitutional President, is a fugitive.
The banks are cloned, and all business is
suspended. Tho soldiers are patrolling
lla Ju.tlce In Nniuoa.
London. Private advices are received
from Samoa that seventeen chiefs were
summoned before Chief-Justice Ido and
obliged to withdraw Ihoir complaints
against the government. The chiefs,
however, stuck to tho protest against
disarming the natives, which they
strongly resented. Tho trial of Alipia
and other chiefs of the Aana tribe ended
February 2, the court pronouncing sen
tence of two years' imprisonment at
hard lalwr on Alipia and $50 to $100 line
against tho other chiefs,
(Ireat llatll In the Nouilan.
Titieou. Pabah, a former slave of
Zebehr Pasha, with an army numbering
110,000 invaded tho kingdom of Bornu,
Central Soudnn.and was opposed bv the
Sultan of Hornu at tho head of a large
army. Both sides sustained heavy losses,
and the Sultan of Bornu and Pabah were
killed, righting desperately at the head
of their troops.
Tho t'.tlle Trade.
Ia)xixn. A deputation of Chambers
of Agriculture called upon President
Gardner of tho Board of Agriculture to
urge tho Immediate slaughter of all im
ported cattle at tho place of landing.
Gardner declined to entertain the propo
sition, saying such action would injure
the trade relations of Kugland abroad,
and that tho present precautions are
To Itelteve (he I'urmployeil.
Mahiiid. Tho government has re
solved to establish public works in the
provinces of Cadix, Granada and Anda
lusia for the relief of the thousands of
workmen now unemployed.
K.rthqu.lie In Meitro,
Citv or Mkxuo. Another severe
earthquake shock lias occurred on the
, Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Much damage
WM ,lolMJ to the towns and villages on
th I'aeiile duut-
Sfw Hvrvl.it Frontier.
Ukuirmik. Prime Minister Smith n
ig.uM. and the King has summoned
M. NicolaicviU'h to form a new Min-
THE PORTLAND MARKET.
Wbisat Valley, 85c; Walla Wall, 75
76c per centaL
Easts a Smokid Miats asd Labo
Hams, medium, 12(122'c per pound;
hams, large, lUai2c; hams, picnic,
H(al2c; breakfast bacon, 13sl5c; short
clear sides, 9,'$ailcj dry gait sides,
910c; dried beef hams, 12fS13c;
lard, compound, in tins, 8!ai0c per
pound; pure, in tins, 103ll)-ic; pigs'
feet, 80s. $5.50; pigs' feet, 40a, $3.25;
bops, wool and hides.
Hops '93s, choice, 12gl32C per
pound; medium, l('12c; poor, neg
lected. Wool, Valley, 10(gl0c per pound;
Umpqua, 10al0c; Kastern Oregon, 4
(Hit-, according to quality and shrinkage.
Hides Dry selected prime, 5c; green,
salted, O0 pounds and over, 3c; under
60 pounds, 2 3c; sheep pelts, shearlings,
10fal5c; medium, 2035c; long wool,
30(i(j0c; tallow, good to choice, 33c
FIXlUB, FEED, ETC.
Flocb Portland, f2.55; Salem, $2.65;
Cascadia, $2.55; Dayton, $2.55; Walla
Walla, 2.it0; Snow flake, I2.U5; Corval
lis, $2.05; Pendleton, $2.05; Graham,
$2.40; superfine, $2.25 per barrel.
Oats White, 3233c per bushel;
gray, 3032c; rolled, in bags, $5.75(3
0.00; barrels, $0.00fit6.25; in cases, $3.75.
Millatuffh Bran. 13(S10: shorts.
$15al0; ground barley, $1018; chop
leeu, j to per ton ; woie leed Parley, W(g
ivc per cental ; middlings, $a(g;28 per
ton; chicken wheat, 65c$1.15 per
Hay Good, $1012 per ton.
Butter Oregon lancy creamery, 22j
25c; fancy dairy, 1720c; fair to
good, 12(tl5c; common, ll12c per
pounu ; uaiilornu, 3U(g-i3c per roll.
Cheese Oregon, c; Young
America, izgioc; Laatornia Hat, 14;a(
io,'$c; nwisg, imported, 3032c; domes
tic, 10lHe per pound.
Eggs Oregon, 10c per dozen.
Poultry Chickens, mixed, quoted at
about $3(3.50 per dozen; ducks, $4.00(4
o.oo; geese, $7.oorg8.00; turkeys, live,
12rtil3cper pound; dressed. 14i)15c.
VEGETABLE!! AND FRUIT.
Vegetables California cabbage, ljc
per pound; potatoes, Oregon (huying
price), 4U(it4f)c per sack: i,arlv Koee
for seed, 80(a90c; onions (buying price),
$1.75(tf2.25 per sack; sweet potatoes,
M.of;:.uu per box; Ualilornia col
ery, 8500c; artichokes, 50c per dozen;
Uulilornia lettuce, 2oc per dozen; Ore
gon hothouse lettuce, 50G0c ; cauliflow
er, $2.75 per crate, $1.00 per dozen ; pars
ley, 25c per dozen ; sprouts, $1.40 per
pox; siring Deans, 30c per pound; as
paragus, 0(S10c per pound; rhubarb,
sfto,'1!c per pounu; peas, 8ac; cu
cumbers, $2 per dozen.
Fbuits California fancy lemons, $3.50
0t4.uu; common, $2.50(313.00; bananas,
$1.75(42.50 per bunch; Honolulu, $3.00
rf.uu; ualilorina navels, $2.2diu2.7o per
dox; seedlings, fi.zoftez.uu; sunflower,
$2.60; Malta blood, $:S.O0: anoles (buy
ing price), green, $1.001.25; red, $1.25
(Si. io per box.
Canned Goods Table fruits, assorted.
$1.752.00; peaches, $1.762.00; Bart-
lew pears, $L.70(r$2.0U; plums, $1.37)$(3
1.50; strawberries, $2.25(42.45; cherries,
$2.252.40; blackberries, $1.85(42.00;
laspberries, $2.40; pineapples, $2.25Q
2.80; apricots, $1.05. lie fruits,
assorted, $1.20; peaches, $1.25; plums.
$1.001.20; blackberries, $1.25(3.1.40 per
uozen. 1'ie iruits, gallons, assorted,
$3.16(4,3.50; peaches, $3.50(44.00; apri
cots, $3.50(44.00; plums, $2.75(43.00;
blackberries, $4.25(4.4.50 ; tomatoes, $1.10.
WEATB uorned beer. Is. S1.50:
$2.25; chipped, $2.40; lunch tonmie. Is.
$3.50; 2s, $0.75(47.00; deviled ham, $1.60
(az.o per Uozen; roasf beef, Is, $1.50
Fish Sardines, s, 75c$2.25; Js,
fi.iowi.ou: lobsters, TZ.3U(43.o0: sal
mon, tin 1-lb tails, $1.25(4.1.50; flats,
i.7o;z-ids, a.zotsz.oy ; -barrel, $6.60,
Coffee Costa Rica, 23c; Kio,2223c;
Kaltm.lri. O').. . lf....l. tli!lAOO. i
i ii , coin , , ntwiw. eoc , jir-
buckle's, Columbia and Lion, 100-pound
Dkibd Fruits 181)3 pack, Petite
prunes, 0(48c; silver, 10(?12c; Italian,
8(410c; German, 0(ii8c; plums, 010c:
evaporated apples, 8 10c; evaporated
apricots, 15(loc; peaches, 12(4. 14c;
pears, Mile per pound.
Salt Liverpool, 200s, $15.50; 100s,
$10.00; 60s, $10.60: stock. $8.50(49.50.
Syrup Kastern, in barrels, 40(455c;
in nan barrels, 42dt57c; in cases, 35(4.
80c per nation : $2.25 Der kes : California.
ill barrels, 20(4.40c per gallon ; $1.75 per
Suoab D, 43c; Golden C, 5c; extra
C, 6'4Cj confectioners' A, 55ec; dry gran
ulated, 63c; cube, crushed and pow
dered, OhC per pound ; per pound
uiscouut on an grades lor prompt cash ;
mapie Bngar, loigioc per pound.
Hu e o. 1 Sandwich Island, $4.50
i.io; japan, io.uumo.'jo.
Beans Small white, No. 1, 3(ff3t4'c;
io. 2, ,ic ; large wiiite, ac ; pea beans, 3c ;
pink, 2'ttc; bayou, 234c; butter, 3;
Lima, 3 'aC per pound. .
Picki.es Barrels, No. 1, 28(g30c per
gallon; No. 2, 20(4 28e; kegs, 6s, 85c per
Keg ; nan gallons, ?-iO per uozen ; quar
ter gallons, $1.76 per dozen.
Spices Whole Allspice, 18(S20c per
pound ; cassia, inurinc; cinnamon, rj(4
40c; cloves, 18(430cj black pepper, 15
22'uc; white pepper, 20 25c; nutmeg,
Kaisins London layers, boxes, $1.75
viz.uu; halves, $-'.uti(4L'.2f); quarters.
$2.25t42.75 ; eighths, $2.503.00. Ixwse
.Muscatels, boxes, $1.50; fancy faced,
$1.75; bags, 3 crown, 41b(S5c per pound;
i crown, oro'jc. seedless Sultanas,
ooxes, i.ioes'j.uu; Dags, 0(4c per
LIVE AND PRESSED MEATS.
Beef Top Bteers, $2.603.00; fair to
good sicers, s otiurs.L'o; cows, $2.25;
dressed liecf, 4i45l8c per pound.
Mutton Best Bheep, $2.60; ewes,
Hoos Choice heavy, $4.00(44.25; me
dium, $4.00; light and feeders, $3.90
4.1X1; dressed, tt.(47c per pound.
Vial Small choice, 0c; large, 4c per
Manilla rojie, 1 in. cir. and up, 10c ;
manilla roe, 12-thread, ?a diam., lOc;
manilla rope, 6 and 9-tliread, 1,4 and 6-16
diam., lie; manilla bail rope, in coils
or on reels, 10c; manilla lath yarn,
tarred, fle ; manilla havvser-luid rope well
boring, etc., Lie; manilla transmission-of-powor
roiw, 14e; manilla paHrtwine,
11c; manilla spring twine, 14c; gisal
rope, 1 4 in. cir. and upward, 7'4c; sisal
roH, 12-thread, K diam., 714c; sisal
Mpo, tl and IMhread, 1 ami 5-ld diam.,
8'4c; sisal lath yarn, tarred, 7'4'c; hop
vino twine, tarred, 7c; sisal paper twine,
The needlework of fair hutics upon the
mar,' and pcunousof hrnve knights was
always a fruitful theme for poeu in the
day of chivalry.
A New Vork woninn of experience es
corts parties through the city lilmirm mid
art galleries. charging a llxed ruteau hour.
Wash white flannels In cold water with
nils made of white soap, and they will not
brink much ner look yellow.
If you drop acid on your clothes, the im
mediate application of ammonia will ne
troy the effect.
ASHES OF WOOD.
Contain Every Element Taken
From the Soil by Plants.
HOW TO LAY OFF THE LAND.
Make a Careful Surrey of the Field With
the Eye Before Starting the Plow
Other Agricultural Excerpts.
Before starting the plow make a care
ful gurvey of the field with the eye and
by pacing off the lands to eee where the
proper places for back furrows and dead
furrows are to come. The proper place
for the back furrow, if in an open field
is where the dead furrow of the year be
fore was, so as to keep the field as near
level as possible.
Having selected the proper places for
the back furrows, pace from each end of
the field three less paces than one side
of the land ; then place the guide gtake
at one end and start the plow from the
other, using care to drive the first furrow
straight and parallel from the side of th
field. Plow back and forth, throwing
the furrows together, until you have a
strip six paces wide plowed; then plow
across the end of this back-furrowed
strip at each round, using care to start
the furrow across the end of this back-
furrowed strip parallel with the end of
the field and the furrows straight, so
that the angles at the corners are right
angles; men when you come to hmsh
the land it will come out even on the
gide and end of the plowed land.
For the second land, having gelected
the place for the back furrow, pace from
each end of t he line nine less paces than
the number of Daces from the last fur
row of the land last plowed, place the
guide stake at one end of land and start
the plow Irom the other, and plow as he
fore until you have a stripgix paces wide
plowed, throwing tne lurrowg together,
and then plow across the end, as before,
anu eo continue until there are but six
paces remaining in the Btrip between
the back furrows. Then plow back and
forth on this strip, throwing the furrows
alternately toward one back furrow and
then the other, until completed, and go
continue until the field is completed.
The advantage of this method of lay
ing on lanu over tne ones in common
use is that you have the field plowed
without turning on and tramping down
the plowed ground at each corner of the
land, and that the dead furrow by end
ing at the end of the field carries the
surface water completely past the plowed
ground and thus gives a much better
drainage than is done by plowing around
a land and turningon the plowed ground
and finishing the land a number of paces
from the end of the field, so that there
is no outlet for the water gathering in
the dead furrows.
Another advantage of thig method of
laying oil lands is tins : Instead of pil
ing up a number of furrows of the soil
on the outside edge of the field, where
it is of little or no use and is often of
great damage by holding the surface wa
ter on the held, it tends to work the
plowed soil more toward the center of
the field, where it is of use, and makes
the edge of the field low, bo the drainage
is more complete.
The ashes of wood contain every ele
ment taken from the soil by plants of
all kinds. While there ig a difference
between plants to some extent, there ie
a close resemblance between them in the
quantity and kind of mineral matters
they contain. These consist, of potash
lime, phosphoric acid, alumina magne
sia, soda and silica chiefly. The most
important of these are the first three,
and the potash especially. The compo
sition 01 asnes varies mostly in the pro
portion of lime and potash thev contain.
this being from a few per cent "to 70 or
more of the first and from 3 to 30 of the
latter. The wood ashes known as Can
ada ashes in the market have an average
01 o per ceiu 01 poiasn ana au ot lime
when nnleached, and a little more lime
and about 1 per cent of potash in the
lencnea. ine pnospiioric acid is from
2 to 3 per cent in both kinds ; the potash
is the most soluble part of the ashes.
As they have quite a large amount of
lime, there is no necessity to mix lime
Willi mem ior use as a fertilizer, but it is
useful to add some phosphate and some
kind of nitrogenous substance with them
to make them a complete fertilizer. Thus
a ton of ashes may have 200 pounds of
fine ground bone or good superphosphate
and 100 pounds of nitrate of soda or of
dried blood and flesh fertilizer added for
one acre. In the use of these fertilizers
noerauiy is me true economy.
Carbolic Aeld In Poultry Yard.
Carbolic acid is one of the best ad
juncts of the poultry-house, but don't
lose sight of the fact that it is a strong
poison. If carelessly left around vol,,.
able fowlg may be found dead. A writer
in ine rouiiry iteview referg to a case
where a careful htwuLtr noa.1 a ni...:
t .1 unui t BUIUWOI
of the common red variety for a disin-
lectant, ami the gramg were picked up
bv the fowls, as it. wuh aeotiu.!
ground. Two valuable liens were found
dead, ami a post-mortem examination
revealed the action nf ti,a ..;.! , -
t - - - --- ... ...u min,
disintectunt this acid is very valuable,
mil 11 siiuimi oe used in very weak solu
tion. A small nnatililv .!. l.l .1.
, .. . , - -1 I" ine
whitewash when whitewashing the in-
v., ,..0 , iiiuii?b ih a great im
provement. Keen the enrlll.. ..!. : -
. --- -r .... will, 11, 1, 1 I,
safe place and connucuoiislv llu,i0.i
and you may save vain regrets afterward!
rrernutlon With Vign.
Sonietiiiies in nnitu f All ..
the sow will lie found in the act of de-
,.w iviiiik, i nave never had
any trouble of this kind, but have known
it to be prevented by moistening the
pigs backs with a cloth saturated with
l.astlv. if vou wonl,l avi.l 1
the nliH'ntni, wma ...r....i.. 1
KriKiuy cieau and
dry, and give the dam no swill ti.. i.
The writer knows from many vears of
gtioeesful experience that, if these sue-
,, , , '"""wed, Dili lew
Pics will lie hist. Will,
, i""rui. prices
mum t-iM-, iiotiunK win pay better I
careful attention to details than raisi
Food for Xrrj Young ( hlrkrni.
A good down East authoritv .-. ti.i
feeding soft food to a brood of chickens '
until three weeks old is a mi.t.ira. r. i
oatmeal, cracked wheat and Indian Win". 1
ni'i-a L-ii with .n ...... : : . ., . J ,
..... ...... ... ,.k , re ,ne H8t ar.
tides of food, and thev should never be
........ ...,!, ui tlran waier, tak rig
care to arrange the pans so that the
chicken, cannot j.impVnto them and get '
wet. A simple method of Join thi.Ki.
to use saucers with a common flower pot
inverted in each, so as to leave a small
cm-nlar space of water at the edge ac
rouble to the bills of th chicks
THE MIDWINTER EXPOSITION
Calitorsia Midwistm . I
IIOSAl. EXPOSITION DEPARTMENT
OF PCBUC1TV AND PROMOTION. J
Weekly Circn'sr Letter -Ko. B-l
Added to the many attractions whica
have already made the California "ter"
national Exportion famous a. a center
of entertainment, as well a a center or
instruction aud education, there will bo
reproduced on April 17, 18 and 19 the
great Mardi Gras Carnival which has
attracted multitudes to the city of JNew
Orleans and which has made the name
" Mardi Gras" and that of the " Crescent
City" synonymous. This idea of repro
Cucing in the City of the Golden Gate
the wonderful pageant which has drawn
for so many years,
was suggested as an accessory to tha
t,-,inn-nt.r T?TTvirinn. and it has been ,
: . i
taken hold of so energetically by th. (
business men of San Francisco that not
only is its success poured in this in- j
gtance, but there is already a strong j
.... .. , ., . ur i.: 1-ffnnanta
probability mat tne .juysuu ,
of the Golden West" will play their I
part every year in tho history of San ,
Francisco just as the Hystio Crewe of
Coraus hes playcl its part in low Or-
The material for this cmt pageant
. , . r . . I I r .3 i
nag been accumulating lornuvcim uc.-.
now in a lurge Duiiuing lemiiu'01"
erected in a secluded part of the exposi
tion grounds, and a force of workmen
and artists are constantly employed
building floats and carrying out the
plans of those who have the matter in
charge Tho carnival people call them
selves "The Mystic Argonauts of tho
Golden We.it," and their beautiful
colors of criuuon, green and gold are
beginning to be worn all over the city.
On Tuesday, April 17, T.ex arrives at
the foot of" Market street on his royal
barge and will be escorted to the expo
sition grounds in triumph. There the
keyg of the city will be turned over to
His Highness, metaphorically, and from
that time on the King of the Carnirivl
will Lave it all liU o-.vu way. On 'Wed
nesday, the 18th, will occur the grand
carnival parade in the evening. It will
then be seen that not only is the great
New Orleans Mardi Gras being produced
here in ban Francisco, but that there
will have been added a great many
nnique and original feature. It is pro
posed that the parade of floats and ev
erthing else in connsction with the pro
cession shall ba made around the expo
sition grounds and through the great
field that has been prepared for a recre
ation grounds. At that point an im
mense frame is to bo erected, aud each
float or other feature will be halted di
rectly behind that frame, and the great
search li;rlit from the top of the electrio
tower will be turned full upon it in view
of the vast concourse winch will un
doubtedly be apseinbleJ upon the grand
stand and upoa every available point of
0:i the cveni.is of Friday, April 19,
takes place the Carnival ball. As to tha
success of this ball of all nations there
can bo no manner of doubt, for every
foreirn commissioner and the Midwin
ter exposition, and every representative
of a foreign concession or of a foreign
exhibit, have already promised to take
part and to introduce in the grand
inarch on that occasion the funny and
peculiar people of whom they have con
trol. Arrangements are being made for
the running of spocial trains from all
parts of the Pacific Coast during this
carnival season, and it is confidently ex
pected that that week of the fair will bs
the greatest in the history of the expo
sition, ine work that is being done in
the preparation of the floats is already a
guarantee that those are to be no tawdry
accessories. There will be seen on this
occasion some of tha most artistic crea
tions ever presented in a street paseant.
An effort is being made to secure the
closing of business houses throughout
tne city on the opening day of the Car
nival, and it goes without saying that
little or no business will be done on the
evenings which are to be devoted at the
exposition to tho night parade and to the
The element of romance, which has
doubtless existed under the rose ever
since the inception of the exposition, has
at last manifested itself in no uncertain
torms. On Sunday, April 1, there was
a marriage in one of the cars of the
Firth wheel. The contracting parties
were Alexandor Von Gunther and Er
nestine Schneider. The interesting part
of the story in connection with this
marriage is that this was not tha first
time that this same couple had be united
in matrimony. Years ago they took
each other for better or for worse, and
each decided that it was worse than bet
ter. At any rate they drifted apart, and
they only met a few weeks ago on the
platform of the Firth wheel where both
had come to see tht sights of the expo
sition. Tho meeting was so strange and
the pleasure was so mutual that they at
once forgot past differences and agreed
to kiss and make tip. What more nat
ural than they should decide to be mar
ried on the verywhed whose turning
brought them face to face aft or so long
a separation ? And where was the sense
of being married a second time without
some novel feature being connected with
it? Hence it came to pass that this
tonple wero married in the Firth wheel
The chimes in the .tower of the Liberal
Arts building pealed forth the wedding
bells at the moment the preacher pro
nounced them man cud wife. All the
other cars of the wheel were full of
wedding guests, and the weddino- 4.
ey consisted of a trip twice round.
mis marriage would seem to have
tarted a perfect matrimonial fever in
the -exposition. There have been two
Indian marriage and onB p. i
wedding within a week. One of the ex
position guards married a girl who had
been attending a soda water booth, and
there have been two vacancies on the
staff of the exposition typewriters occas
ioned by hasty resignation with matri
monial intent. And now th -jo
Camp has offered to furnish V jurtic. of
the peace and a hundred doll. ll
Mexican couple who will wmeTotlH
tobesplimlinthe oli CC l
aud the gates of the 1
bv BarkUes. " .
In England, at the Old Bail..
Chinaman wa's panted
n Important cae. t. ' w ness 'n i
lire of ... . "S . ""e the
r many through the alli of .
It was decldwl t,, h. w Bn ,nt'n'reter, ,
heall of 7nk over the
12 doj Z "ST WUnrM- thta
.J Jom." " 1 " Banian pIWRlMl , ,J" .
Supreme Bei whom he worT., ,0
jnf that hi. own ClyZ
Into a. ninny piece. , tie "
testimony he u .bom to , nC " th"
b. th. JtU, truth ?oVkno
n.,rn0i."n.",U""d ''' V mm CnrT from the Btwte mnd the
cou d not be Impr.v.ed hm xii,h i Coniir- Threhapenso a Duzzen N B
X-Z "j"? Crente So
AN ODD REGULATION.
HOW THE HOUSE OF COMMONS GETS
MEMBERS TO PRAYER3.
Piety Not Always the Incentive to Pnnct
alltj Sparred by the Desire to Sit Do?.
Ing the Day's Proeeedlne The Cete
monlal of Opening the Boose.
TO,n hnncA nf commons is uiiM.i
mnnff the legislatures of the world in
having no complete accommodation for r
its members. There are altogether 670
members of the house, and there are
exactly 430 seats, of which only 806
1 are on the floor. The speaker takes the J
' chair at 8 o'clock, except on Wednes-
, a tha hiMicfl linn nrrrcit
nays, anu umo "-
to what are called "morning sittings .
wnlcn begin at 2 o'clock. Three o clock
lg 8Ufficiently late in the afternoon,
jna,ng t,y the example of other legis- J
J O O - '
iatureB) nt it is too early ior ine men ,
of business, the practicing lawyers and !
men of fa8hjon) vvho still form so
la afactorjn the membership of par- '
liament rt ia rarely therefore that v
thpre are more than a few members in' '
ttpn(1ance at tl)at hour. Another rea-
son for tnis aDstensiuu maj uo
... , . - l.n !.,,.
this is the hour of devotion, fcacn sit
ting of the house is begun by the sol
emn reading of prayers by the speaker's
chaplain, at present the well known
Archdeacon I arrar. Tfiose wno attena
prayers reap an immediate and earthly
reward. On the large table that stands
in front of the speaker's chair there is
a box which contains a number of cards
with the word "Prayers" printed upon
The member who has attended pray
ers writes his name on this card and
thereafter places it in the small slot
which is at the back of each Boat in the
house, and for that particular evening
that seat is his. He may leave tho Beat
for hours, but he is entitled to it when
ever he retnrns and can expel any per
son who may have taken it during his
absence. There are only two classes of
persons in the house who have ony set
tled rights with regard to Beats. The
front bench on the right hand si do of
tho speaker'g chair is. called the treas
ury bench, and on this sit the various
members of the existing administration.
The bench immediately opposite is call
ed the front opposition bench, and on
this Bit the members of the previous
There are, it will be thus easily un
derstood, two peculiarities under these
circumstances about tho attendance at
prayers, vim, the gentlemen usually
present are not always those most dis
tinguished for their piety. The caustic
editor of Truth has taken in recent
years to laying the foundation stones of
nonconformist places of worship, but
nobody would be less likely to set up u
claim for special piety than Mr. Labou
chere. Nevertheless, every night of
the week Mr. Labouchcre listens with
pious attention to tho ministrations of
the chaplain. The secret reason is that
the first seat on the front bench below
tho gangway is a place peculiarly well
suited for the guerrilla thnt is ever on
the watch for the momont to make an'"
onslaught on a wicked administration,
and Mr. Labouchere, as the chief of the
guerrillas, is especially fond of this seat
and has occupied it for years. This
incumbency, though sanctified by so
many years of usage, has still to be won
by regular attendance at every even
ing's prayers. The rule is inflexible,
except in the cases already mentioned,
that a seat can be held only for one
night, and that then it shall be won by
attendance at prayers. The second pe
culiarity is that the men who are most
in want of the assistance of prayers, as
having the heaviest responsibility upon
their shoulders the members of the ad
ministration and the leaders of parties
are always conspicuously absent.
Just before prayers are begun the
procession of the speaker to his place
in the house takes place. Enough of
the old ceremonial still exists to make
this a quaint and interesting spectacle.
The speaker still wears the large, full
bottomed wig of state occasions, is
dressed in a short tailed coat, covered
by a sweeping robe, wears knee breeches
and low shoes with large buckles. Be
hind and before him is a small cohort
of attendants the senreant-at-arma
bearing the mace, the chaplain with
prayerbook in hand, the trainbearer
holding up the train and two or three
other attendants, the exact purpose of
whom it is impossible to tell beyond
the desire to make the procession more
imposing in point of numbers. The
sergeant-at-arms, like the speaker, is
arrayed in knee breeches, with low
shoes. He carries a sword hv bin aiilo.
but is allowed todisnense with tho witr.
The ceremonial is made more imposing
by the policemen and attendants, who
shout along the corridors which sepa
rate the speaker's house from the house
of commons: "Speakerl Speaker!" a
shout which has a strango, indefinable
effect, however often heard, and stirs
the blood somewhat as tho rlrpnma nf
De Quincey were moved by the recol
lection of the Roman consul nnssinir
over the Appian way. It sounds like a
reminiscence and momentary embodi
ment of all the fierce
triumphs, tragic and world shaking
events which are associated with the
history of the aueust nnrlinmonr
When the SDeaker raM,a , ill
the chief of the police force attached "to
the bouse repeats the cry, "Speaker!"
with the additional wotiIb "Hto nir
strangers," and it is rarelv that the
lobby, however noisy and tumultuous
before, does not full Into . n,rtai ;.,m
silence as this black, solemn and pic
turesque group sweeps by.
When the speaker enters the hone,
every member rises from his seat. The ,
walks " ,? tWfl r thre6 timcs M he
Z . P tho floor' aml me of the
KeDtlen" and the more cere-
TjtW Tmhcn ot the house bow at
Tn m- Power O'Con-
Dr in Harper's Magazine.
... T , ? "Iciinon of orthography
llt7' honse ln a "reet in
ttltfeniCf M,Ce i1'"8 fltcd PUbUo
ttention to his cold commodity:
t n on.oie or
Follow no new dor v
But wnl to me In a tr
AX my og
- Luiiuii rrcMin .. . a.
Cham ben' Journal.