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About The Madras pioneer. (Madras, Crook County, Or.) 1904-current | View Entire Issue (March 17, 1910)
m ifTtv niro
mmmr sv id
(J POllllCiail OUbbUiiiuo iu nr
tacK ol Unguis' Disease,
COMES FAMILY, THEN EXPIRES
Boon Sufferer for Over a Yoar,
But Rotusou iu - -
Up Business Mfairs.
cw York, March 8.-Thomoa Col
flatt, formerly United, States Son
from New York find for yonru ft
onai nK'.r . , , i i
nt 3:45 thlfl JUieniuuii m.u
"L nt Mr. iimi MrsGuBtnvo
... .. Ll...ntli nfrnnt. from
o, on west , ------
' t.. Und rontcd inrcu ivvma iui
m a t....i
fast four years, kito. hjiu nu
1 f nfii-an
T....1 Antnriir (lie. nio ijiivbiciuii.
tonlKht that the causo oi ucm
chronic and acute Brlght'fl disease,
body was removed tonight to tho
it H. Piatt, a son. and
be taken to Oswego, now orK,
senator's birthplace, where It will
Fitnnrnl HLTVicCfl Will DO
Wednesday at mo rrcsuyicrian
. .. l .I!...!., uiwlrlnn An
r before the sennotr died his two
n i. .....1 VAuiwrA. with tholr
r mil iv iti iv -1
in.. ..ml Ma mm. iiiirrv. w in mo
cr's daughter Charlotte and son
rronn, had left tho houso after
1 1 1 1: n j bum v p
ir usual daily visit. ino senator
.. .1. 1... . . .....11 MM.I
at that time no en wty "
ueht he would read tho papers.
t ! n'cIOCK no WU unveil wiui
nting spell and Dr. Autcrbrldgo was
led hurriedly. Tho family was not-
X i.n.t nlrn1 In Imnlft. Mr. Plntt
ovcrcd from his first lapse, but sank
..L.Ln.ma .ir.titn .if fl .flH nnrl
at 3:1G o'clock. Tho relatives
: nil at the bedside.
PREDICTS JAPANESE WAR.
nker Schlff Who Loaned Japan
Mono Says She is Enemy.
New York, March 7. "As one who
lped to finance the late war of Japan
.l.i T). ,-.,!,. a ni,i t.,i n ct,trr
is afternoon, "I say It has developed
ring the last few wcekB that Jnpnn
a Joined hnnds with that cnemv of
I mankind, Russia.
Mr. SchifT was speaking at a lunch'
i... .i... n i.u
"Russia and Japan," he continued,
nvn viiifniiv fiiii iiiiritriHi nr. nriH
L L - I 1 t f
"If we are not careful, if we do not
.1 1 1 it It 1 m
nw in r irnr Hiiiii'HmiinHniri n nri it
: have not back of it the ureal moral
rii in iiii rt irii-ririm iioiirni in nniniu
i i us i .
hi miriifiM wn nriTiii rut nniwn mm
"The most difficult problem tho na-
oar l fim anrcif hiitm a m n (
mn niifHT inn n u ft t rumi i r r m
reprci mis conclusion, but It Ib in-
"The Pacific," said Judirc Maver
ta nnatocn aiin.nn ,I...lt il.
uu nwi iui Wll
vu"i ouuiua uwuii Liiu cimiHL niv,
nvn Ofiii im i . i a
TP VA nllf Innn r I 1 .
, fcV M HvwiuiHlliv,
iimv ii rn nnr mt.. . i if i .
"An empire were 400,000,000 people
- ... , uuvviiicu uy iiu
nun r f 1 1 n ...... .:. . t . i
........,,,,, vjuii inuy icitcil
ine imminent nimatlnn la Tnmm
in wnnra iti. l. : . i J. i .
.. .vijiiuiiK uui BilO IB noi lO
UllOWCll In (. iLt mi..
. v, (jviv uiuvuiuiir, ine
inance is cominir boforo thn nr.nnln rf
u.u4 tiiiM iiuiiHLinn nr nnm.
nia rtiiH. i i - ..-
"ji "u buiuing Boon.
Pinchot Given Gold Medal.
'vwomuon oi nis services In
serving the woodlands of tho cou
i.7v ,w:u 10 iora i'inchot,
chief forester of tho United State
a!?. ncof tho Cnmpfiro club
n"T ', 'ven lf 1 m no longer
nectcd with tho government, flald
inr il ' "'.l'sing niH apprcc
'or tho medal, "I shall tnkn fhn
position with regard to conservation
Sv i7?A0,n.0.horolofow. I Bhalldo
t IT V n Preserving tho for
..u inn gmo of lnB coutry
Soldiers Will Guard Mint
the Itn . Murch 8.
Intend rr..?"1!8 yernmontt
its n,; n . ennnces of
its pr0perty interfornd with
havn ,,tv;o,veu ni rort JJi
tmo v Poflyfl"h company,
Si. remly t0 lvo for P
Pa v nf "Wf"?" notice. Th
used "",urH 't is bo d
Jed to protect tho Phlladelphli
UIKJ Other irovnrnmnMf i...n.nJ "
denlv r Vesuvius
houii err ?cMv? en.
cr.,ini".vi0 P been a
ercat nin ? ,ava wo omor
PACkERB ARE TO BLAME.
Rotall Mnnt Doalors Exonorato Tariff
Farmors also Hit. '
Washington, March 9. itutnil meat
dealers today placed upon tho farmers
anu tno pnekers tho responsibility for
tho higher prlco of moat, In testimony
given before tho senate committee In
vestigating tho cost of living.
Flvo rotall men from Now York,
Philadelphia, Baltlmoro and Washing
ton wore hoard, and Wnltor Brown, u
Washington dealer who klllB his own
moat, was tho only "ono who did not
rnlso tlp prlco of moat, which had
gone up nt least 10, per cent during the
last five years.
Mr, Brown inslstod that his nrices
practically were tho same then as now.
All agreed, however, that tho com
petition among tho rotailcrB kept tho
prlco to tho consumer as low as possi
ble. Each witness vigorously denied tho
retailors wore responsible for prevail
ing prices, ana nono would admit that
any agreement on prices existed among
them. Whllo no ono charged that tho
packers wore In a combination, all tho
witnesses who had dealings with them
declared there socmcd to bo no com
plaint for tho rotall 4trade.
When complaint was made to the
packers about advancing tho prices,
they aald, tho latter explained that
stock was scarce.
John Kohlman,Jwho conducts a mark
et In New York City, told tho commit
tee that competition among the retail
ors in Now York was bo keen that they
hnJ been, unable to keep pace with tho
steadily increased prices, which tho
wholesalers hod forced upon them dur
ing tho last 15 years. He said the in
creases during that time amount to
about four cents a pound on beef, both
to tho retailer and tho conBumor.
STRIKEBREAKERS USE GUNS.
Angorod by Attacks, Carload of Them
Firo Upon Crowds.
Philadelphia, March 9. Six persons,
including a young girl, were wounded
tonight with bullets fired by a party of
alleged strikebreakers who rode wildly
up and down Frankfort avenue in a
trolley car and shot into the crowds
that lined the sidewalks.
This outbreak followed the stoning
of cars tonight along Frankfort ave
nue, after an uneventful day.
A stone thrown by one of tho crowd
injured a strikebreaking motorman.
Infuriated at this, 15 of his comrades
took out a car, all the windows of
which they broke with their clubs.
As the car, loaded with strikebreak
ers, sped down tno avenue, outlets
were rained at the jeering crowd.
Helen May, aged 14, was struck in tho
leg by a bullet.
John Maloncy. aged 18, and Michael
Osborn, aged 24, were also shot in tho
legs, and Frank Bromley, aged 25, re
ceived a bullet in tho foot.
After reaching Alleghony avenue,
tho car was switched to the northbound
track by Its crew and tho dash back to
tho barn began. So swiftly was it
driven that before tho crowd realized
It was coming back, it had sped past
them and Into the barn.
The ahootinjr of Inoffensive bystand
ers worked tho crowd into a high pitch
of excitement, and as other cars came
down tho street tho mob wrecked sev
eral, leaving only the trucks on the
rails. About a dozen arrests were
02 MEN PROTECT CARUSO.
Italian Singer's Life Guarded Closely
Aftor Black Hand Threat.
Now Yr.rlf. Mnrch 9. More carcfullv
cruarded bv nollco than President Taft
on hia visit hero, Enrico Caruso, tno
tnnnr. who recuntlv received Black
" . .
Hand letters demanding $15,000, re
mained barred In Ills apartments louay.
Thn nlnirnr la flnld to have received
more threatening letters. Caruso made
his first public appearance in opera
last night Bince tno mack nana Biari
lnfl him with Its demands. No less
than 75 policemen, four detectives and
three mounted policemen, were de
tailed to look for lurking dynamiters in
nnrl nhniit the oncra houso in Brooklyn.
Detectives mingled In tho chorus while
police guarded tho wings ana ono or
two perched In the flies.
"I am ready for tho attack," said
Caruso, valiantly, "but" hero ho
relapsed into a smile "I prefer that
It should not come,"
Chamorro Is Presldont?
Mnnamio. March 7 Tho govern
mnnt mi ilinrtHoa tvlnv tlllhllflhnd B Cll
blcgram from I'anama in wnicn 11 waa
nnnounccd that Gonoral Chamorro had
itrmrlannofl ftnnitrnl Efltriulll. the DrO-
vlslonal prcBldcnt, and hud proclaimed
himself president. Deserters irom mo
Insurgent forcca Bay tho Bluefiolds gar
rison has been reduced to 25 men.
They also declare that General Estrada
never loaves tho town ana mai nis
wife glvca all campaign orders.
30 Badly Hurt in Wrock.
Los Angeles, March 0, Thirty-six
persons wore Injured, Bomo of them bo
RorlmiBlv that thov nrobably will die,
when an Oak Knoll car of tho Pacific
Electric system was tossed from tho
trnek hv tho encrlno of a freight train
nn thn Rait Lako routo tonitrht. Tho
electric car wad crowded with people.
Tho car had boon brought to a atop at
tho crossing of tho Salt Lako tracks
on Aliso streot, und was thon started
up again ana was nan over ujo po
sing when tho freight train crashed
Into tho rear end of it.
Denvor Has 8100,000 Fire,
nnnvnr. March 0 Tho Griffin Wh00
works, In South Denver, was destroyed
bv lire tonight, entailing a iohh ox
PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS IN BRIEF
Washington, March ll.The Bum of
$237 spent by tho Stato department
last year In shoeing horses was charac
terized as extravagance by Represen
tatives Hamlin and Clark, of Missouri,
in tho house today. They failed, how
ever, to have tho appropriation cut.
"What should be said if we under
took to curtail tho horse-shoeing bill of
tho sicretury of state, when we intrust
him with even the great (post ion of
whether we Bhall go to war?" inquired
Mr. Mann, of Illinois, derisively.
Mr. Burke of Pennsylvania, suddenly
terminated tho long debate with the
following remarks "I will remind the
houso that it costs $10, 000a day to run
this houso and we have already spent
$2,500 worth of time on tho cost of
"Secretary Knox has not made good
n Far-Eastern affairs," declared Rep
resentative Underwood of A latum a, In
the house today. He added that Mr.
Knox had not proved so able a secre
tary of state as his predecessor, Mr.
Tho section of tho legislative, execu
tive and judicial appropriation bill,
providing funds for tho now divisions
of the State department having charge
of Far-Eastern, Near-Eastern, Latin-
American and European affairs was
Representative Burke of Pennsylvan
ia, warned tho house that any failure
to provide for a continuance of tho di
vision established by Mr. Root would
be interpreted in the Far-East as evi
dence that the' United States was not
in sympathy with Mr. Knox's eastern
policy. By a vote of 74 to 43 the
house provided for a continuance of the
Washington, March 10 Proposed
changes of laws concerning passenger
transportation between Hawaii and the
United States evoked lively interest at
a meeting today of the house commit
tee on merchant marine. Delegate
Kalanianaole, of Hawaii, George B.
McClclIan, representing the merchants
of that territory and the board of trade
of Honolulu, spoke for the bill. Repre
sentative Kahn of California, Patrick
Fiynn, of the Seamen's union of San
Francisco, and William F. Yates, pres
ident of the National association of
Marine Engineers, .opposed the meas
The rocky road that stertches ahead
of the proposed $30,000,000 bond issue
to enable the completion of reclama
tion projects in the West became visi
ble at today's hearing on the bills be
fore the house comimttee on ways and
Mondell of Wyoming, argued for his
bill, which is one of a number before
the committee. Tho Carter bill, which
authorizes the issuance of $30,000,000
worth of certificates of indebtedness
instead of a bond issue, is also pend
ing, ine tarter dim nas already
mussed the senate, but nas struck a
snag in the house committee.
Hearing on the Lafean apple-box bill
was continued today before the house
committee on agriculture, but it was
W. K. Newell and C. E. Whistles,
representing Oregon npplegrowers,
will be heard tomorrow in opposition
to the bill, and will be prepared to
give the committee actual demonstra
tion of the Oregon method of packing,
and the reason for maintaining the
standard box, uniformly in use in Ore
gon, Washington and other Western
WnaViinrrtnn Mnrch 0. Knnntor
Jones today introduced a bill intended
to recognize the right o the states to
regulate the development of water
power within their respective bound
Tho hill nrovidos that, unon annlica-
tlon of any state, tho secretary of the
Interior shull patent to said state such
public lands within its borders as may
ho valuable for nower development
purposes, provided the state can show
that Its laws tuny proviae againsi
power monopoly and for effective con
trol of charges for use of power. The
Rtnta must also be able to show that
development of power on Buch lands
will not interfere with navication or
with any government irrigation pro
Tho bill stipulates mat states . miiBi
retain title to tho lands so conveyed by
tho government, and in case they fail
nrnnnriv to rotruinio me uevcionmoni
and uso of power tho lands shall revert
fn the Federal covornment. Mlie Dill
lnnn not in nnv wav seek to imnose the
tormB on whlcn states snail lease power
sites or stipulate tho price at which
powor shall be sold.
Tho senato today passed a bill pro
vlfllnrr that bona fide homesteaders on
government irrigation projects may,
nftnr mnkiner substantial improve
ments on their land and upon showing
thnt wntor is not available for irrica-
tion of their lands, obtain a leave of
absonco from their entries until wator
is turned into tho main cnnals, but tho
orlfwl nf nhsonco will not be deducted
from tho full timo of residence re
quired by law.
Washington. March 8. More than
$1,000,000 was ndded by tho houso to
Indians Will Talk to Congress.
Washington, March 9. Two delega
tions, representing tho Sioux Indians
of tho Standing Rock and Choyonno
River reservations In North and South
Dakota have arrived In Washington to
present to congress and tho Interior do
partmont tholr views on tho proposed
openln&ito settlement of tho remaining
surplus lands' on tho(r reservations.
Tho Standing Rock Indiana aro aald to
favor tho opening, whilo thoso on tho
Choyonno River aro divided.
day to the appropriation recommended
jy tho committee on postofflccs and
post roads for tho rural free delivery
service for the year ending June 30,
1911. Tho bill as a whole carried $241,-
000,000, or about $G,300,000 more than
the appropriations for the current year.
It was passed by the house.
The rural ; free delivery appropria
tion, it was stated, would be sufficient
to permit the establishment of 3,000
new routes, as it would make available
for such extensions about $1,500,000.
For the current fiscal year $660,000
was available for extension of this ser
vice. That the 14th and 15th amendments
to tho constitution are null and void,
was declared by a resolution introduced
by Representative Sisson, of Missis
sippi, which directs the attorney gene
ral to Bubmit the question to the Su
The naval appropriation bill will
carry at least $900,000 for the Puget
Sound navy yard. The largest item is
$600,000 to continue the construction
of a new dry dock, provision being
nscrted to increase the limit cost from
$2,000,000 to $2,300,000 in order to
permit an increase in width to 110
The postal savings bank bill, which
passed the senate last Saturday, reach
ed the house today and was referred to
the committee on postoffices and post
"When will the bill be reported?"
was asked of Chairman Weeks.
"Not this week," replied Mr. Weeks.
We propose to give this bill not only
earnest, but very careful consideration.
It is liable to be some time before we
are through with it."
Washington, March 7. The forestry
reservation question was discussed and
the forest service was criticized by
Senator Heyburn, of Idaho, today, dur
ing consideration of the agricultural
appropriation bill before the senate.
The measure carries an appropria
tion of $5,703,700 for the forest ser
vice, or about $4,000,000 in excess of
the receipts from the service. Mr.
Heyburn contended that the appropria
tion was increasing from year to year,
whereas assurance had been given that
the service would be self-sustaining,
He said the last administration had
been conducted regardless of the rights
of the settlers in the West, and had
gone upon the theory that, where there
was no law there should be no license..
He expressed confidence, however, that
the country was now entering upon a
While the agricultural bill was un
der consideration there was extended
discussion of a provision appropriating
$78,000 for the investigation for the
drainage of swamp lands.
Senator Gallinger found in the para
graph the possibility of entering on
the reclamation of swamp lands and
said that if that were to be done, it
would involve an expenditure of mil
lions of dollars. Later, when Heyburn
suggested that the expenditure of the
money should be confined to lands over
flowed by irrigation, Gallinger said :
"If the government is going into
this sort of thing, I wish it would take
the rocks off the land up in New
He said such a policy would "swamp
the government," and he warned sen
ators that if they expected to curtail
expenditures to the extent of $300,
000,000 as Senator Aldrich had said
might be done, they couid not go far
in the direction of this provision.
Washington, March 5. Representa
tive McCredie today introduced a bill
fixing the size of apple boxes to be
used in Oregon, Washnigton and Ida
ho at 18x11 1-2x10 1-2 inches, inside
measurement, and pear boxes at 18x11
1-2x8. This is proposed as a substitute
for the Lafean bilil.
Dividing practically upon party lines,
the senate, at the close of the third
session of the legislative day March 3,
today passed the admi nistration pos
tal savings bank bill.
Of the 7&vote3 cast, 50 were in fav
or of the bill and 22 against it. The
negative votes were cast by Demo
crats, even McEnerny, who had voted
with the Republicans throughout' the
consideration of the bill, deserting to
his own party. Chamberlain, of Ore'
gon, was tho only Democrat who stood
with tho Republicans in favor of the
As it goes to thohouse the bill auth
orizes mo various money oraer aepan
ments in tho postoffice to accept sums
of one dollar or more from depositors
and to deposit theso sums in tho local
banks, where the money is to remain,
unless withdrawn by the President in
case of war or other exigencies.
Irrigation Ignoralico Shown.
Washingtpn, March 10. Throughout
the hearing on tho $30,000,000 irriga
tion bill today before tho ways and
means committeo of tho house, hostil
ity towards that measure, ,(as well as
Itnoranco of irrigation matters goner
ally, was Bhown by members of -tho
committeo and tho Washington con
gressmen who appeared in behalf of
the bill feel greatly discouragea oy tno
outlopk. Thoy will have a further
Protects Water Power Sites,
Wnshlritrton. March 8. If tho "in
tercsts" are. Beeklng to. monopolize
i it ' vr i it
water power sites in ino wesi, mey
will have to hustle or else tho United
Rtntes creolocrical survov will have al
tho available ohes reserved. Accord
ing to a Btatemont issuedjbyi Director
.Georgo Otis Smith, tho survoy during
'Inst 12 . monlhs . lias withdrawn
lands thought likely to contain water
. i . 1 1 enn .-
power bucb aggregating u,uvu tivruo,
BOUND TO RISE.
When any ono mentioned John Sib
ley, tho face of John's grandfather
brightened, for John was the apple of
tho old man's eye. "Tho folks thought
becauso he was kind of undersized,
ho wouldn't over amount to much," the
old gentleman would say, with a
chuckle, "but I guess they've seen be
fore now. Youngest of tho lot of 'em,
and already sup'rlntendent of one
branch of the railroad where he start
ed In as conductor only flvo years
"Ho must have made quick pro
gress," said one visitor, who had acci
dentally started Mr. Sibley on tho sub-
ect of his favorite grandson.
"He did, certain," said Mr. Sibley.
"Fact la, John has a lot o' horse-sonse
and a level head.
Seems tho president of the road Is
most seven' feet tall, and ono day, just
to try John, who didn't know him by
sight, he got on John's train, having
bought a ticket. He put the ticket In
his hatband, and when John came
along he was standing up at the rear
end of the car, talking to a man, and
watching to see what John would do.
"John took a good look at him, saw
he didn't Intend to pass down his tick
et, and looked as lf he'd make somo
game of John's size if a word was said
but there wasn't!
"John finished up the other fares.
then he opened the little store closet,
took out the steps he used when be
lighted the lamps to go through the
tunnel, set 'em up against the presi
dent, climbed up, took the ticket,
punched It, and put it back In the hat
band. 'Well, sir, there were a good many
in the car that knew who the presi
dent was, and when John had gone
on, sober as a judge, there waa consid
"When he came through the car next
time the president was sitting down,
and he asked John a number of ques
tions, and the upshot of It was that
John got his first promotion the next
The president said that he'd Shown
three things all at once, John had
that he was good-tempered, knew when
to hold his tongue, and had resources
of his own."
A rollfe Elephant.
That everything should be in Its own
place is a matter not only of conven
ience, but of necessity for some people,
and some animals, as the following ex-
atopies from John Augustus O Shea s
Leaves from the Life of a Special Cor
respondent" go to prove. Certain or
ders of Intellect run smoothly in accus
tomed zrooves. but have no ability to
meet any unusual occasion. The
author describes a visit to a traveling
The showman was repeating his les
son like a schoolboy. He was snlarg-
Ine on the peculiarities of the ostrich
of Africa, upon the uncanny form of
which the visitors were supposed to be
"But. mv friend." I remarked In an
undertone to that functionary, "that
Is not the ostrich of Africa; that is
the pelican of Australia."
"They're always playing Jokes on
me!" exclaimed the showman, plain
tively. "How can a cove tell which !s
which, if they goes on a-changlng of
the cages when his back Is turned?"
In the other Instance of the value
of order It was the animal which waa
not equal to the emergency. The show
man rose superior to such slight vicis
situdes of fortune.
Tn the illness of the regular show
man, a substitute was furnished wiw-i
a piece of paper setting forth tho ele
"The behemoth will now walk
around tho ring on three legs!" shout
ed tho showman.
Behemoth did as ordered, and the
"The behemoth will now stana on
his hind legs!" the elephant perform
ing his tasks faithfully.
At last a mistake was made In the
order. Throwing his whip on the
ground, the showman announced that
the behemoth would now lift the whip
with his trunk. Nothing of the kind
happened. The elephant began moving
round the ring backward. A negro at
tendant whispered to tho showman:
"That's his next number!"
The showman was equal to the oc-
rnslnn. nnd said:
"Ladles and gentlemen, my favorite
Is not backing out of his engagement,
hut ho is more polite than I, and
wishes to make his farewell before ho
goes. So polished are his manners
that he retires as he might at court.
and presently will follow with the
Chinese AVax Fiirininer,
One of the best known Industries of
China is wax farming, Harper's Week
ly says. A certain tiny Insect is cult!'
vated with great skill by the Chinese
of a cortain district, because of the flue
white wax It produces.
This little Insect, which is hardly
yet kuown to western science, has
many peculiarities, ono of which la
that for tho successful production of
wax two stages of Its life must be
passed in vory different regions. The
earlier stage, In which tho females de
velop until almost ready to deposit
their eggs, Is In tho Chion-chang val
ley, lu tho western part of China,
where grows a treo at an altitude of
6,000 feet, on which the Insect passes
tho first part of Its existence. In May
It is time to remove tho colonies of
wax workers to the lower altitude of
fiiftflhwan province, where Is found an
othor tree, feeding upon wnicn in lJ
sect makes Its wax.
This removal Is ono of tho moat
picturesque features of tho industry
Thousands of porters are employed la
It Tho colonies of Insects removod
from tho trees are wrapped In leaves
of the wood-oil tree. Packed carefully
in baskets they aro slung from tho
shoulders of tho porters, who must
bear them from 200 to 400 miles. Tho
way lies over tho rocky paths and
heights of the Szechwan mountains,
through several cities and ends at tho
farms, where the masters of the bear
ers await them. All the journey must
be made at night, as the sun's heat
would develop the insects too fast.
At that time of year It Is the custom
of tho cities along the way to leave
their gates open all night In order that
tho progress of the bearers may not bo
Interrupted. With the baskets sus
pended from their shoulders, tho port
ers run in their weird procession at
their top speed from dark till day
light Clad almost Invariably In rain
proof straw, they carry picturesque
lanterns which swing a sthey run.
throwing the fantastic shadows of
their bodies all around.
At daybreak the men And some
dense shade for their burdens, prepare
their meals and go to sleep. At night
fall they are under way again.
At the farms where the wax Is to be
formed tho leaves containing insects
are tied to the limbs of trees, where
the heat of the sUn develops them.
Crawling out, the males proceed to
form cocoons and these are the sources
of the wax. In a short time the entire
tree is covered with the Bhlnlng white,
so that, but for the heat, one would
believe the tree was hidden In frosL
This white covering Is sometimes a
quarter of an Inch thick over most of a
tree. It Is scraped oft and refined, and
from it are made candles for the
household, objects for the temples and
many other things, and an annual
tribute of the best quality is sent to
the royal family at Pekin.
BOYS' INTENSIVE FARMING.
hoiYlnff Hovr the Productiveness of
Land Mar Be Increased.
More than 12,000 southern boys less
than 18 years old planted and culti
vated an acre of corn each last year
under the direction of the department
of agriculture, the Youth's Companion
says. Persons Interested In the experi
ment In Arkansas, Mississippi, South
Carolina and Virginia offered to pay
the expenses of a trip to Washington
for the boy in each State who raised,
the greatest amount of corn on his
acre. The winning boys will soon visit
the national capital.
The average yield of corn to tha
acre In 1909 was a little more than
twenty-five bushels. The South Caro
lina boy, who made the best record,
produced 152 bushels. The winning
Mississippi boy raised 147 bushels, the
Arkansas boy 135 and the boy in Vir
ginia 122. The average raised by each
of the 12,000 was sixty bushels.
The Instructions given to those boys
by the department of agriculture ara
available to every farmer In the coun
try. If they should bo followed exactly
the yield of corn to the acre could
easily be doubled In a single year.
Intensive cultivation is worth while
on all crops. The average yield of po
tatoes to the acre In 1909 was 107
bushels, but the Maine farmers aver
aged 225 bushels, and some of the
most progressive of them dug 400 bush
els to the acre. The yield of corn and
potatoes depends more upon cultiva
tion and fertilization than upon the
soli, and there Is practlcally.no part
of the United States In which these
crops cannot be raised successfully.
It is beyond doubt that larger crops
can be produced from ten acres thor
oughly tilled than from two or even
three times ten acres cultivated as
they usually are. The fact that the
South Carolina prize winner raised
more corn on one acre than the aver
age farmer produces from six tells a
story that should not be lost upon
those for whose benefit the experiment
A tenderfoot who visited the Yosem
Ite in the old days thus related his ex
perience: The stage driver found out
that he was seriously afraid of snake
and immediately proceeded to mako
his hair stand on end.
"Venomous reptiles? You bet. i
don't know wnat reptiles Is, but them
snakes you can just bet your life la
venomous. Why, one day I was comln
down here drlvln' a wagon when' I
catches sight of a snake In tho brush
all ready, for a spring. My horses
starts, an' I whips 'em up fast to clear
the snako, don't you see, afore he could
spring. He makes one clear spring,
tho snake does, an' he misses the
"That was lucky. But you you"
"Lucky? You bet your life It was
lucky. He missed the horses, tho snako
did, but ho stuck his fangs clean
through the wagon."
"You don't say!"
"1 do Bay, and maybo you don't be
lieve It, but It's a fact. He stuck his
fangs clean through that wagon, an
that wagon Is swelled up so bad that
we had to leave it by the waysldo and
take the horses homo."
AVhnt He'd Take.
The Lady What would you expoct
mo to give you If you'd split that wood
The Hobo Some new kind of anes
thetic, mum and yerd hafter give It
before I started. Cleveland Leader,
Fears of ooople up in alrshlpa.ar