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About The Umpqua weekly gazette. (Scottsburg, O.T. [Or.]) 1854-1855 | View Entire Issue (April 14, 1855)
TERMS 85,00 PER ANNUM.
IIOYD IILAKELY, PROPRIETORS.
IlliVOIIill TO I'OMriCK, MTHItAI Dili!, AUUUKWVUK, OKNKItAI. IKTIiLMOKNOK, -
Havv'vsui'.nu, o. t., s.vVimivvv, avuuj ', tsr.r..
J 'JJRJAI. .1 -.MJJC'tSV.
It IQt iu
THE UMPQUA WEEKLY GAZETTE.
I'tiiiMniinii livr.KV HA'ii'iniiv,
m uoyi) & ULAKKLY.
ii. P. Ii. num. AI.K. I'MkKI.V.
OKl'IClMii IIiNiiriiKii'ii Ili'H iiihii, Jlaln ulrcd'
next dour west of Uio "HoottntoirK lluuw."
Ti:itti IMVAKIAIII.V in adva.vi:.
Ono copy, rir uuu yi ur, fl.'..'") i f"r nix uiurilli",
J3.HD5 for llin'Oimmllin, ia.Ml.
No paper will IjviIIhcuhiIiiucI until all nrruiir-
K nro P'dd. . ... ,. ,
AlVKiiTiitMKXiH will lw liiwirtui nt llm fill
luwltitf rate ( Owi itinri ol l"ii Hum or l''n,
jlrnl liwcrllon, ,; wcl' ulwi,,t Inwrtlmi,
t)l,0. A llbin.1 deduction iiiuId to yearly nl-
Jli'HiNri (Jaiiim, (if leu linen nr lew, fur one
jeur, Hi ; for six month, SIS; for llin h.oiiIIm,
;&rTho number of Iwierlluni mini I' lUllncl
ly ninrkiHl mi Hi" innrnln. lhi rnU" iliy will l
runlluucd till forbid, mil cliirH MumlliiKly-
Tim following nmnrp rwiin uro niitloirlml
lorcolvu nubxrlptioim mi-1 ulvirtlNKiviit for
iir (Imillr, mi'l rieclpt for l)m """ 5
M.W. Mm:u:i., lIUKeiir Oily.
J. H. Melir. sr. M. I.. Corndlk
I. N. Hwirn. I.. HurlliiKi'iii.
Dci.txos Smith. I5n. , Albany.
L. !'. (liiinl.ii, i: ..Snliin.
H. II. Tvwim, Jiukwrnvllle.
Jamex Tvtiii.oon, Ciinyi'in lllv.
K. S. IIomumi, Oregon City.
W. II. Kaiiiuii. K- , I'uriUiM,
(U, Ahaih, Aidorln.
(Jko II. AviiniHK, M. 1) , Jnckwnvlllc.
11CHM4 A Woo!', Jacktollf lllo.
11 II. Dkahhoiiv, IKtr Cmk.
!Iui. Jamk. ()AZLi:r, Cniiyimrillc.
J. H. (Iamiii.1-, IUii., l'ort Hrfinl.
O. HuwtfiHov, Pailc of tlic Columhu.
Aworf I- Himjkiw, K i Coon- Hay.
CI. W. W.Cturwtx, i:iklon.
0. r'Mxii), K-i WliicliontT.
J.. Ukvmh.im, Ciinyoiitlllc.
Jam. A. (5u.ll W. I'.xj.. l'ort Vancouver, v, T
Tliu Council ol Ten.
Wo commend tlio following nlilo nrticlc,
unjii llio'RIclimotiil (Vn.) I'wjuinr, to lli
nttcnlion of our rriultifA. It U uh well mhp
trd In 'tlio mrriilififi of thin city ntnl oilier
liUec, n to New llntnpililrr. NV ho)
all Into ulioio IimikIi thll mor limy full,
will rrcfully twruio it:
V'rom Uio New Jlmih!tc Patriot.
Almut flro liumlrcd cnrH ( n funrful
mill myntiirtoui triliuiiftl bearing tliin iinuio
mi otnliliihp(l In thu re jiuMIc of Venice.
Jl grailunlly ncnulriil dtujvotic control ovir
ilia (lovcrnmcnt nml tlio H-oplo. Its !
Iilmrutiiiiii mid iu nctioim went nliku en.
Ti'loicil in llio profnuiiilmt occrecy. lu
ini'tlltii Avnro liclil in M'crct; it recoived
(ii-iiutiRintioiii agnJnit thu mod virliioun nml
pntriotio citlium iu nccrot, nml in nucrut it
coiuluctdl iti victimi, in fcilcucc nml in
ulooiii to n sudden nnd inxsterinus death.
It inquired, sentenced, and punished accord-
lug to what Is called "reasons of htato.
Tho nubile ev never penetrated Its iiiysto.
rics; thu nccused was rarely heard; ho was
nuver confroutiHl with witnesxes; tho con
dumnation was secret as tho impiiry, mid
tho punishment uudivulgcd like both. This
tribunal gradually acquired control of every
branch of thu (iovurmuent, ami exercised
despotic power over every question. It
Annulled at pleasure all decrees, degraded
inoniliers from their ollices, nml even de
posed nml put to diiath tho Chief Magistrnto.
It was mi object nliku of terror nnd deles
Utiou to thosu whom it oppressed under
the pretext of protecting their rights. And
jet iti diabolical cunning prolonged its ex
istence until the genius ol Napoleon pros
trated it iu the dust, witli so many other
relics of cruelty nnd intolerance.
1'eon o of Now llninpshire! there exists
at this moment among you n Council of
Ten, us fearful nml ns pregnant witli (lan
der to your liberties, us was that of Venice
to her oppressed citizens. You Imvo been
iiccustomcd, in tho bounty of your hearts,
to look upon this republic ns boyoiid dan
ger. Iu company with your fellow citi.ens
of other Stntcs, you Imvo successfully re
sisted roroign Intervention, nnd rcpolled witli
triumph tho conquering legions pf tho most
arrogant nation on the earth. You have
ndvnuced your triumphant banners to that
proud city which Cortex gloried lu milling
to tho Spanish empire ou Imvo scattered
the seeds of civilization throughout ronlnis
beforo untrodden by any human footsteps
but thoso of thu Indian. You have seen
your population Advancing, your wealth in
creasing, nnd your country teeming with
the fruits of physical and intellectual labor.
And Vim fondly think that you aro sufv;
thntoach of you nudyour children nro, for
long years, to Imvo u sliuro in a govern
ment tho vory breath of whose nostrils is
freedom of opinion one of whoso cardinal
doctrines la hu open nnd fearless avowal of
principles; nnd you nro promt llmt you live
unuor n consuiuiiou which iieiuiuu jou ui
reward intolligoiico nnd uprightness by so
looting for your publiu trustH thosu among
you who nro marked by mtch qualities.
Hut bo not deceived! Thu oceptru Is won
now passing from your grasp, nnd will bu
irrucovcrnlily lout iirituiiH you trninplu In llm
ilud tliu IrnltiirH who nrn clutclilii( itt it with
(ill lliu ilt'Hpair of (liniippoiutuil fiuiliitioii.
An unlioly ctilml of (il'lli rnto pottlfouino,
liiwyiim, iiinulily political lmctH, nml Mnin
niiiiffivokiiif; pnrnoii, in Hccliiii; to wiml tlio
uoiln of tliu iM-rpi'iit nrouml you, nml to
ntrnii;li) you in !(h (iiiihrnun. Tlio frnml
roiiiicII of KiiowNotliiii(fi Imvo mvoni liy
llm only ti'ml tliuy womlilp (lint N, tlicm.
wIvi'H iimlyiiiK imtml to politlcnl frcciloni
nml populnr Hiipruuinuy. Tlionu ilucnyitil
nriKliiitrnti, tliiiMj hlininck'M lilfjots, tlicxo
riiviiiiiiiK politlcnl IjJitiililtl, tlii'no ullurly ilex,
pirntii triillom to llm country llmt (,'iivo
llii'iu dirtli, urn or'aiiiiri n kcIiciiim wIiohu
ilrt.iiU would ctrilto lurror into your lioKrtu,
if fully ilmulonril. 'I'licy Imvo couiMunl to
ilcolroy ovory iiintitutiou that ntnmU In lln-ir
wiiv, miu to tironirntu iivor tnnti who will
not do tin ir biddim,'. livery tmvn Iikn Hi
. i . .i u i
brunch ol the e'niiiiiri(ey. .Secret mt;ni and
imM'UonlH nml iiiiiieoi"nci lire uiwd lo im.
prefi thu iiMMijiiiutioii, mid unlaw ful onthw
lire iiliiiinikiiTi'il liindin tli unhappy tin in
Imrn to Milijri I tlieiiinrlvct like ynvvn nml
vnonN to ill'' iietHtioii of thiH terrible oli
ganhy. Moniivhile the Council of 'I'm,
thu controlling power of thin iufnmouH con
dpirncy, iwunU in itn iioitoum retrent liko ii
toad imollciiug iu itnown vcnoui,orn bloa
ted Hpider Hpiimini! itRWeb over tho State.
It KemU forth it decreeH to itt bond tilavei.
"l'rontrntf," it ni, "thin innti, for hu lim
too inticli education! Uentroy that one, liu
is too intelligent! Ruin your best friend, for j i,0 (mn thu principles of our glorious nil
ho has too much independence!" And with centors, if our political libertim arc to bo
tho mectnclo beforo it of triuuiphnnt tyrnu. delivered, bound,nii(l unretiMiiig, into tbo
ny nml bigotry in Mmetachutcttn. it coufl- Ipuitody of zuclui sot of polillcM jailors.
iluntly (!XHcti n liko victory over tho free- ,'nl(.ro nro deKjiotisms mainUimd by tuch
men of Nov llninpshire! iluty.iiilmd bet- '(.cnius mid ndornil by iucJi brilliancy that
ter w tito your names in chnracteni of blooil the imauitintioii is led nstrny nnd thu mind
upon your threeliohlH, nod escaiiu with your
(tliu mid children to somu far qoiintry !y
llieliglilol your iiurniiig nouses, man croucu
to this insolent oligarchy! Why would you
livo hern when lifu has lost nil lhatU worth
living fur, when you may bo stabbed by mi
uksasriii iu thu li.iek.or lain by mi unrccii
nrrow from him you suppoH-d yoiirilonrcst
. ..- . A
friendf Aio ou cont.iul to nrnwl out nt
tullight liko binlsofiidl omen, to creep into
blind alley, to hover nrouml thu back 'slums'
of vour cities nnd villages, to htnrt nt every
I passing trend lest bomu honest man should
eo you, to uiovo witli tnullleil lacu nml
stealthy step, nnd double, uiiou your tracks
ns if you wcro n thief with tlio ollicers of
justico iu pursuit of you, nml with this sick
ening cotmciouMieH ol stinmo to group your
way to tlio lieu wiiero sucii nnmiaiM mini,
mid with treiiiblnig bund givu Uio mystic
signal which admits you into this coiiium-
niiy oi sun Aim wneu you nro miiiiiucu,
mid the door of pandemonium it closed, nio
you content to leave nil Iiojhj behind you,
iimf renew Ix'fore Cod thu oath von havo
taken lo do tho bidding of your tiiireputa-
blu tyrants! It is incredible that any ouu
-.i.. ..i-.i I -:..l.i. ..c .
..n.v .... .... ... B .
..mi iln IliU Ann Hill mil ritkt llilKil.iti-r.tPK
' i .. .I ... i.i
upon tlio mothers who bore vou, nml whoso
...:.. mi.. i ...-.I. .1... i.i..,i J ":i: v.,
""'" " ", ", "V ." "' V , "
... ... ...... nsiuiruu. your.ie.ee, .....
lliu men oi uiu rewumiuii; on, icavu innv
to tho abolitionistr, who, witli philanthropy
upon their tongue, havo treason mid mur
der in their hearts! Leave it to tho traitors
who prayed that thu Mexicans would wel
come your fellow-citizens "with bloody
hands to lioipitnUu graves."
Is it supposed that this language is too
strong, nml that these nre unwarrantable
charges Depend upon it, tho half is nut
yet told. No faction in thu history of our
country lias over struggled tiirougn us w
V, .... i nD i ir i .
cious life that has been ono-hall so.langer-
ous as this secret orL'anir.ation.
ltn on v
tiroictil bond of union is u stiauio nml dis
grace. It is n standing libel upon nil that
has nmdo America the refuge of the oppres
sed. Ily it every man is proscribed who
is either n Catholic himself or whose wife
is n Catholic. This includes thu patriot io
Gaston of North Carolina: tho venerable
Chatlca Carroll of Currolltou, mid olhur
signers of tliu immortal Declaration of In -
dependence, ns well as tlio present milium -
bio and learned Chief Justice of tho United
States, mid many others ns pure nml patri
otic men ns can bo found iu the country.
And every man is to bo proscribed, no mat
ter how honest and intelligent, who came
to this country nt the ago of twenty, until
ho is forty-one ycara old! What Bhall wo
say, (hen, of the. devoted l.afayetto, the gal
lant Sterling, thu chivalrous Montgomery
ol l'uliiski, the brave and generous of
tho statesman Gallatin! of the thuusmuls
of iiohlu souls who shed their blond for u,
iwid counselled with our fathom iu tho stor
my days of the republic! Rut no! "America
for tho Americans," and "liio Americans
for the Know-.Nothings!" This is tlio socrot
npiir this ii tho "oxceuding great rownrd,"
that they hIiiiII lay tho rod on tho backs of
tlio people, mid tho peoplo shall fcUlss it,
ami Binilo and bog tlicm, if it to not too
iniioh trouldu to lav it on n littlo harder!
This thoy uutielpato, mid this they nro de-
tonniiicd to uccnuiplinli, tliougli nil tliu riglilH
of liutiiiiully, tliu coimtltutioii, tliu Ihwh, ov
ory pulillc ri(lit, ovory privnto right, nhould
Hlmul In their wny. Tim inlUIeiit pettifog,
yer tliu ntmhhlcd politlcnl luick 1 of
mora vnluo than awry man iimong tin who
over hrenthetl thu nlrof Huron, In thu cycii
of IIiIh riithlckH nml Intolurunt Council of
Ifcrcnfter, when thl wrclclibd fnction
fllln n dlehonornhlu (rrnvo, nnd iu carcnuii
rec!ii with political rorruplli)ii, how enn
any mnii iitaud up hefurn tkJorlil without
lildliiL' IiIh facu heii it ih Cnnl up to him
Hint ho lint lahorcd to introduce llmt womo
than KKiiitiaii klavtrv, when a frco citiwn
dare not voU. n$ he ichir h, but oLejn tho
im,o..nt ordir.iof thii tvrani.iunl Council f
7V n' What will bucimfu of Amitican honor
..I i . ...! i.r....l ..I.,.., n ,.n. r,lna.
I ,,(lli HilveiilureM bhall nwho thu lnw? Tliu '
'I .. . ... .i
Colli. nml nUurd.ticK or Jncobiniim in t
I'rnmju wore f o extr-m that it w an mIiI of
it llmt "it would Imvo boon n mice, if it hm'
not I)-' n for iiitirdnr." And so willi this
Inclion; its lilly h'iiiwordi', its ridiculous
ceri'inoniun, iU contemptible Italdurdnsh,
would mako it only u laughing stork, ir nil .
this nonseiiro did not conceal n deep-laid
compirncy ngniiiht freedom. Compnred
with their intolerant proscription, Austrian
tyranny is endurable, and H)Iicu spies be
come rcstiectnblo. Hut, thank (Jod, there
in lifu nml vitality in American freedom yit.
Altered. Indeed, rndicnllv chaliL'ttd. mutt Wu
')(JW8 to n sutierior Intellect. Hut what
1 lintiur cuti there be. what rodcetniiiL' con-!
I... .'- . .. . I
i (.jjcrntions can thorc be, in tubjvction ton
political mob which ilinini-lofily disavows
in political principles, whowonly rallying
, cry , proscrij.tion, whow enrdidates for
oflico me selected not Iwcturo thoy nro
. of tducr.tion, or talent, or sniiacity, or
luXeuuiy. but bocnui-i Umiv rd destitata of
nil thenel Among the rabble of thu Rostou
delegation to tliu .Massachusetts Legisla
ture wu look in vain fororio man of char
acter, ono man of intelligence, ono man of
experience, uno man poiieulng anyimng
liko tho proper fitness for a representative
of n great city. Did tho city of lloston, did
tho Commonwealth of Massachusetts, ever,
of their own freo will, elect tuch a Lcgisln
ituro nsthat about to assemble there, or can
wo conceivo of their doing so, except nt
lt, irresponsible dictation of this inodorn
Council ol Ten!
IVople of New Hampshire! To each nnd
all of on uo sav, "touch not this accursed
j thing!" It will one day, should you do bo,
causo you to cover your heads with shame.
Liku n bubble or deleterious gas, it will ox
plo.lo. leaving behind it nothing Hut n s
I. .' . . a .... - P.. . .'
ti ential odor. the linger or 1'roviileuco
, ... , ... ,..,..,. ,i, !,.
'"" ol,"-,,l oul ,1" country ns tho plnco
where Cntholicism mny bo imircd of its n-
,busi, ubrljci, illl0UihBn.l into the
mmiu... r .. ii i.i
BVBli'.... ii. i. in. .a in .uu. iii.u ..u.f.u.u iiiwii
in Kuropo nre looking hilherwsrd ns tho
plncu whero they mid their children may
enjoy those privileges of freedom denied to
them nt homo. Hut it you are content to
kiss tho rod that smitef you, to place your
republican freedom ntlho feet of a tyrnn-
nical oligarchy, if you can forget that there
is scarcely n hill or n valley iu New Eng
land but tells of sumo struggle or your I.i
thcis against religious mid political iutnler-
I mice, then is ins sue i n country, men nre
. , nR ... . ....
.J"" " .1 . "': 1
purposes of this nbicure, shameless, nnd
persecuting Council oj Jen.
Tho following was intended for publica
Hon hist week, but was crowded out.
Tim: Dammik. Omor I'ncha has sent
.1" ' resignation, necauso ismnoi rnsna,
(appointed to tho command ofthonrmy.it
, Kouini'In, wns not placed under his orders
i inr,,0 ,iujie8 0f tl0 Uussians wore ncain
argo luuiies oi tlio t(u9sians wore ngaiu
concentrating in Kent, mid bndyk rachn
has proceeded witli all his available troops
to that point
Tho Russians mado n reconnoissanco
from Tultcha, on tho 10th nnd 1 1 tit. ho
tween the Suliun mouths of tho Danube,
mid snuio hkiriuishlni' occurred.
Tho St. Petersburg Journal gives nn of
ficial account of thu recent crossing of tlio
Danube, mid describes it as n reconnois
sanco iu forco. Letters, howovor, say it
wns really nn ndvnnco of the whole Kus-
sian nrniy, which was stopped bv orders
from thuRiissi.m ambassador at Vienna, to
prevent einbnrrassmont to negotiations,
Tho Russians now occupy their previous
positions on their own sido ot tlio river.
CoiKtniitiuoplo accounts of tho 212d say
:i chaiiKo in tho iiiriusli ministry is expect
ed. All'r.ira mo nrrangod with Creoce, nnd
tho Tuikich ministry is recalled.
UMPQUA COUNTS, AI'Mi. TKUM.
r:n:ii:.iT Win. V. liny, L. I. Urown,
Comifilnaioticrii; J. h, (illbert, Auditor, J.
A. Kiiowlon, Hheriir.
Tho putilionof Jnmcg Laughlin, for n fer
ry liceniK) ntn point where tho Militnryroad
crosHfii tho Uinpfjua river, nhovo Coopr'n
A: Dimlcl'.'n. A motion was mado by Mr.
Chndwlck, Attorney for Dimick, to 8et n
tidu thu npplicntion of Lnuyhlin, on tho
(jrounil for want of jurisdiction. Motion
Mf'uml by (Jihbi, Attornoy for 1'lalntiir,
nnit (Jiihifwlck for Defendant, nnd subtnilt.
i t ii .i . .1 r. .. i .!..!
(Ml. luja.umt mo uoumy uoramiBsionrm
'Imvo jiiiiwliction over ferries to bo citnb.
. IWiwI l the County, nnd to grant liceimo
whenever it will bo or public convenience
, nd w wttwy. A hearing of tho cane wan
i had. and tho rfifht of Jnni" Lnshlm wm
fdnblinhtd by proof. Ordered that a ferry
f i . ! . .1 . r ......LI;.. rA !... ...
Hot no ho imiieii lo Lnugniin or mo icrm
"f '"" year, to which an nppcal wm taken
to t'io Ulttnct Court.
Tho report or viewer! to build n road
from tlio lino of I.nno County, through Cnl
npooin iireclnct to DouirlciB County, wns
Jtrweut d, mid upon application, nmdo by
llitioiiorr, for n review on said rout , n ro-
viuw was grnnted, and viewers Appointcu.
A petition wn prcsonteil for a County
road from Calanooia precinct to connect
the ScotUiburg road in (irccu Valloy. Gran
ted nnd vio'.vcrc appointed.
A jiotltion was prccntcd for a County
road from l'rovidnco to tho mouth ofUmp
qua. Granted; J 15. Cuwlcs, Levi Scott
and Peter Macklc njipointed viewers.
Ordered that tho election precinct of
(nrdintr cotiditutu a road district; Peter
Mackw appointed Supervisor.
Lei Kont was npnointtd Supervisor in
I tho HcoltDburgh road dirtri-.t, nnd Job Hat-
iWd for Lon" I'miriu district,
a roni inline, was nruureu on iau bouwi
tide of tlio I'mjxiua river, commencing nt
thJ crotsing of thu Military road at haw
.....' .....i i...i.w!!tir ..ii nn ii'n nt hn
li'ii,l: r Mill.' l.trn Wrninl
lll.l .V ...v ...v ... .'....9 w. -.... ....
Ciritlin was appointed Suprr:.sor.
pcrvlsor in Elkion ditJrict. W. W. Wells
was appointed in Trenton district
A road district was ordered on tne ronu
from tliu littlo canyon to Stephen' terry.
0. P. Van Riper was appointed supervisor.
J. H. Medley was appointed superviiorm
Green Valley district; Lowis ChurcbiU in
Calanooia election precinct was ordered
a road district; Calvin Hanna appointed
Supervisor. John Long was appointed su
pervisor in i oncalla uist.
Tho County Commissioners respectfully
call tho attention of tho Supervisors of the
various road dirtricts to section '27, of tho
law relating to Sujiermorr, ns follows:
Pi:c. 27. It !u!l be the duty of cvnr roper
tlforofroaiK on or before tho lUtcenthdsy ct
May, lo otitnln the oasiesand make cut !n alpha
betical crder, n 1- t of nil the per3. liable to
iK-rform labw o the public roads, rcWlng w.th
la I.N road di riet, and to rfllx to each name
therein, the nuuilicr of dsys' work, which such
pcrnon tLall bo oicCMed to xrrorm.
Jt'ixins or EtKcnoN. Gardiner pre
cinct, J. 1'. Clark, P. P. Simmons nnd Pe
ter Mackie; Scottsburg precinct, J. It. Pe
ters, Sam'I Ricli and Rums Hutler; KILton
precinct, Jiiba Dimmick, J. J. Kellogg and
Ira 'eh; Green Valley precinct, J. II.
Medley, E. Stephens and Wm. Rrackett;
Calapooia precinct, Istao Driver, William
Stephens mid LoreiuoTaWr; Yoncalla pre
cinct, Robert Cowan, William Golden and
Tho petition of T. Dngan for a licenso to
sell liquor was granted; mid nlso tho peti
tions of Wm. Crnzo and L. Kellogg.
Proceedings tn relation to the County
Scat Location. Plot hubmitted by J. W.
P. Huntington, Surv'r matter laid over.
l" P. Drew wns appointed Justico of tho
Peaco in Gnrdiner Precinct; W. W. Wells
wns appointed Justico of tho Peace iu Elk
(ET In tho noxt Congress, thero will bo
a somewhat singular novelty, which is wor
thy of notice. It is that of three brothers,
who nro Representatives from throo differ
ent States, viz: Maino, Illinois and Wiscon
sin. Tho names of those Houorablo gen
tleinen nro Israel Washburn, Jr., E. 11.
Washburn, nnd C. K. Washburn. Tho
father of these high-minded boys is still liv
inj, in a hnle mid vigorous old ago, and
cniovs life with n remnrkablo decrco of
cheerfulness mid hilarity.
Wo doubt whothor. -mother such instanco
can bo found, of three brothers beimr in
Congress nt ono mid tho snmo time.
OiT Wo should manago our fortunes a3
wo do our health onjoy it when good, bo
patient when it is bad, and uovor apply vio
lent remedies, except iu an oxtremo iicces
bity. OCT He who can suppress n moment's
anger may proven! matiw a day's narrow.
iliitrllion In Vnrloiis drains.
Wheat is ono of tho most iinpoffant of
nil grains. Tho grain contains from fifty
to seventy per cent, of starch, from 10 to
U0 per co'nL of gluten, nnd from 3 to 5 per
cent of ratty matter. I ho proportion of
giutcn is said to bo the largost hi tho grain
of quite warm countries.
It is n singular fact that, in nil tho seed
of wheat nnd other grains, tho principal
part of tho oil lies near or in tho skin, as
nlso docs n largo portion of giutcn. Tho
bran owes to this much of its nutritive and
fatfor.lng qualities, Thus, iu refining oiir
flour to thu utmost possible extent, wo di
miniah somewhat its valuo for food. The
phosphates of tho ash also He, to a great
degree, in tho skin. Tho best fino flour
contains about 70 pounds of starch to each
hundred. Tlio residue of tho hundred pounds
consists of 10 or 12 pounds of giutcn, Oto
8 pounds of sugar nnd gum, and 10 to 11
pounds of water, with n littlo oil.
Ryo flour more nenrly resembles wheaten
flour in its composition, than any other, it
lias, however, mora of certain gummy nnd
sugary substances, which mako ittcnacioas,
mid nlso imparts a sweetish taste. In ba
king nil grains or roots which havo much
starch in them, ft certaion change- takes
placo in their chemical composition. Jly
baking, flour becomes mora nutritions, and
moro easily digested, becanso moro soluble.
Uarlcy contains rather Jesa starch than
wheat, also less sugar nnd gum. Thero h
but little gluten, but a substanco somewhat
like it, nnd containing about tho sarao
nmount of nitrogen.
Oat meal Is littlo used as food In this
country, but it is equal, if not superior, in
its nutritious qualities, to flour from any of
the other grains; superior, I havo no doubt,
to tho fino wheaten flour of tho northern
latitudes. It contains from 10 to 18 per
cent, of a body having about tho samo
amount of nitrogen or giutcn. Besides IhU
thero is n considerable quantity of sugnr
I nnd trum.
and from 5 to 0 per cent, ot oil
or fattv matter, which may bo obtained In
- . . .... y
tr.etiealma o.wo their, peculiar j2T0cnUo-
uio lorm oi a Clear, lrscroni imuiu. vaw
taste aud smell to this oil Oat mcahlhcn,
has not only an abundanco of substanco
containing nitrogen, but is also quito fat
tening. It is, in fact, nn excellent food for
working animals, and, as has been abund
antly proved in Scotland, for working men.
l)u:khent Is less nntricious than tho
other grains which we havo mentioned. Its
flcur has from 0 to 10 per cent of nitro
genous compounds, about 50 per cent of
starch, and from five to eight per cent" of
engai rad gum. In speaking of buckwheat
or of oats, we of courso mean without husks.
Rico was formerly supposed to contain
littlo nitrogen, but recent examinations havo
shown that thero is a coiiderablo portion,
sumo G to 8 pe; cent of a substanco liko
gluten. Tlio per ccntago of fatty matter
and of sugar is qnito small, but that of starch
is much larger than any grain yet mention
ed, being between 60 and 00 per cent;
usually about 92 per cent.
Indian corn is tho last of tho grains that
wo shall notice. This contains about GO
per cent of starch, nearly tho same" as jn
oats. Tbo proportion of oil and gum is
large about 10 per cent; this explains the
fattening properties of Indian meal, so well
known to practical men. Thero Is, besides,
a great portion of sugar. Tho nitrogenous
suhstaucos aro also considerable in quanti
ty somo 12 to 10 per eent. All tlieio
statements aro from tho prize-essay of Mr.
J. H.Salisbury, published by tho New York
Stato Agricultural Society. They show
that the results of European chemists havo
been probably obtained by the examination,
of varieties inferior to ours; thoy havo not
placed Indian corn so much abovo tho level
of buckwheat or rico, whereas, from tho
above, it is scon to bo "in most respects
superior to any other grain."
Sweet corn differs from all other vario
ties, containing only about 18 por cont of
starch. Amount of bugar is of courso rsry
largo; tlio nitrogenous substances amount
to tho very largo proportion of 20 percent;
of gum, to 13 11, nnd of oil to about 11.
This, from tlio abovo results, is ono of tho
most nourishing crops grown. If it can bo
mado to yield as much por aero as tho har
dier varieties, it is worth trial on & largo
scab. Prof. Ncicton.
A negro preaoher referring to tho Judg
ment Day, in his sermon, said: "Breddorn
and sisters, in dat day, do Lord shall di
wido do sheep from do goatcs, and brcss do
Lord, wo know who wears do wool !"
Heuton, in speaking of Con
ters, says ho nover "paired off"
P ... '."' i .. ... iliJf
but onoa lu ms me, miu uiai was wim- u
young womartftho night ho got married, i
Qr Tho best defence of lying is Charles
Lamb's remark, as related by LclgFiTTunt,
that "truth is precious, and not to bo wast,
ed on everybody." .