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About The Plaindealer. (Roseburg, Or.) 1870-190? | View Entire Issue (Sept. 7, 1896)
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IF YOU SEE IT Hi
1 IF YOU DOiTT READ
! Tlie Plaindealer
The Plaindealer j
1 You Don't Get the News.
IT IS SO.
ROSEBURG, OREGON, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7. 1896.
Vol. XXVII. ,
(Successor to 3. J.VSKULEK.)
Practical : Wakhuiakcr, : Jeweler : ami : Opiiciau.
W ATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY, AND J'ANCY GOODS.
ismiiLio UrxxailHaii ISyo GrlnsscH' mill SpootucleH
A COMTLETK STOCK OP
Cutlery, Notions, Tobacco, Cigars and Smokers' Articles.
Also Proprietor and 31imascr of Itoscliurg's Famous Itargaln Store.
i - - v.-
!-. t .-r . i i
RAPP'S DRUG STORE. :S b
111 AAAASAMMMAMa I
REPLY TO M.'.LEMnER.
of 3 cakes.
I Toilet Soaps S
Sir, let mo compliment you for your
honesty in declaring that you lavor a de
preciated dollar a 75-cent dollar.
Eight-tenths of the free silver advocates
assert that freo coinngo will bring all of
would jou? And yet, you elionld do so
to ho consistent. As well might you at"
tribnle jour loss in sheep to your horse
as to bold the preamt condition of sil
ver, for the low prices of farm produce
that now unfortunately prevail.
The real and main causo of low prices
ia the loss of our European markets and
our dollars up to par, or 100 cents, and in consequence, tiiereot, over-prouueuon
kp.n n.pm ilmrp. Ynnr nlnn is to call in our homo market. We have been
are looking, that a pueak tbief carries
away the box with the $5 in it, and nono
of the five men has any more money.
What are those chips worth then? Tbey
aro worth jnet as much as a piece of eel
lulcid of that size is worth. What are
chips worth in the box when no game is
going on? Are they worth money to
Chips are worth money jost so long as
them 75-cent dollars and they will al- supplanted in tlie European market oy mere is money ucuuuy pun up
..iD: ifnoBn-lniii. Australia, uanaaa. Jiex-" ineui. xuey aro worm uiuuev iubi nu
IN OUR WINDOW.
ways remain eo.
is, "that would mean 75-cent wheat, 30- ico, and tho South America states,
not, o-,.-.t mm ir. font wnnl. in. Arcentine especially. In tbeso countries
cent cotton. 8-cent Iiopb and G-ccnt U day's work ia from 12 to M hours, and
nork." Well, you say 'that these prices wages
S RAPP'S DRUG STORE
one-half down to one-lourth of
what they were in this country under
the protective laws. The shipping of
tho grain cost them less than does ours,
for tho same reason lower wages to sea
men. Oar crops of 1893 were unn3ually
heavy, especially corn, cotton and wheat
. . . i
. ., I n n .1 r.nifiitn (n.Ainn mirVAT 1 MV IIUVR
on." h nca trio t rices oi all tnese com- "". v.nUii ''"6" -i j .
modoties arc regulated by tho law of de- glutted our home market, which bad
mn.,.! nnd Rimnlv and tho tariff. I don't been previously weakened by enforced
seo or understand how calling a dollar idleness and lack of employment, brought
7.'. centa will affect Hum. Will you about by tho operations of the Wilson
the free trade taritl law. xo verity me state-
will result from the adoption of your 75
cent dollar, and a brain that can evolve
such a simple settlement "of a question
that has troubled the commerce of the
world for a hundred years or more, must
bo riuht. but. somehow, I don't "catch
STHTE -f NORMHL - SCHOOL.
Eleventh Year Uenliis Septeruhcr ;tli, 189G.
Three Distinct Courses: Normal, Academic and Music.
State diplomas, conferring ihedere of Bachelor of Scientific Didactics,
awarded to those who complete the Nornir.l course, and pay the required fee.
Diplomas from the school to those who finish the other courses.
Thorough work and teachers,training department. Expenses low.
A limited amount of work will be given those who wish to thus pay a part of
their way through school.
Drain is a quiet, healthful little town, situated 3C miles north of Koicbnrg,
nr nthor nlaees of vice. The people are moral and trne friends
of the student. The year jus. do3ed baa been a prosperous one for the school.
r-.,. fn ..rfM.'r: fn- roir mLiIovne. which will be promptly mailed to
Now in Progress.
nlcaso elucidate analyze r.ivo ua
modus operandi of that conclusion?
I quote again, "Most farmers forever
remain in tho purjatory cf debt and in
mortgage to the money lords, etc.,
Why should a'farmor, who has lived
in Oregon any length of time, have a
inortuace cn hia farm? Did the money
lord elap it on without his'consent? Did
tho farmer take and use tho money lord's
money when the mortgage wai given?
Has an Oregon farm ever failed to give
1 a fair return to itsiwuer when honestly
and economically tilled?
If not, why should there be a mort
gage on it? Wasn't it place 1 there
through laziness, idleness, mismanage
ment of over-production, I quote from
the records, the production as compared
between 1S75 and 1805.
Wheat . . .281.255.000 407.103,000
Corn 932,274,000 2,151,139,000
Oata 270,340,000 824,444,000
Barley 32,044,000 87,473,000
Here we have a surplus of over 132 per
cent while the increase in our population
was less than 75 per cent. In this you
have, in part, the real cause of the prea
ent low nrices of farm prodnce. A few
words in reference to tho closing part of
vrmr fiffasion in inv next and I will
I remain voura for cood wages and
THE MONEY QUESTION.
ment,'.hiring others to do the work that prices to all, steady employment and an
he should have done, living Uyond his honest, lOU-cent collar.
means so as to "show off" with his
wealthier neighbor, borrowing money to
speculate with, prompted by a desire to
become suddenly rich, or baying too
many farm implements on credit?
If so, why lay the.blame on the cur-
reccy 01 tlie country, msieau o: on tue
aonidual? 1 fail to see any connection
Lous Baezee, B. S., President.
xr T DI HMD Poultry. Came, s
li. T. BLUiVlD, !u scroti. g
The City Meat Market,
A ul Dei!er in
PRIME BACON, HAMS, LARD,
AND FRESH .MEATS OF ALL KINDS.
ZIGLER & PATTERSON,.
DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF
STAPLE AND FANCY . GROCERIES. ESS'Xt'iESi'S:
unle3 it be a desire to release himself
irom the pit that he digged himself, and
voluntarily entered, by defrauding tho
creditor out of a part of hij jast dues,
throueh debasing the currency of the
There are a few cafes where sickness
or other misfortune has brought debt
COUNTRY PRODUCE BOUGHT AND SOLD.
Give ua a call. Goods delivered to any part of the City in short order.
Corner Lane & Sheridan Streets. KOSEBURG, OREGON.
Orders Uien tad Delivered Free
to tar ptrt ox tae City.
Roseburg, Or. Sif COLLINS HOUSE
atiat ul Depot, one block north.
A. C. M AR5TER5 & Co
First Class $1.00 per Day House.
l:..Cvaf'yr i.cl' !,r a- JBJ rcIam;sSicJ-Klil-.D
AM) I.IVERV STAI1L.I-: IN CONNECTION.
Sjcccssor lo O. W. NOAH.
rROTTING AND RUNNING PLATES A SPECIALTY,
KEl'AIRINU OF ALL. KINDS I'ROMITLY DOSE.
Corner WuhliHiKtoii ana Knnc 8tf., uoncpnri..
Marble and Granite Works.
E. ff . AGH1S0K k CO., Proprs.
Dealers In all kinds oi
Marbic uiu! Gnuiite 9Inuiuciits
A Choice Collection, at Prices that Sell.
LIME PLASTER AND CEMENT.
A FULL LlttE OF" WINDOW GLASS
ALL ORDERS PROiMPTLY FILLED.
Real Estate Bought and Sold
Farms, large and small, to Rent,
AND IMMEDIATE POSSESSION GIVEN.
Stock Ranges, Timber Lands and Alining Properties
Prune and Hop Lands of best quality, in choice locations
in quantities to suit intending purchasers, at reasonable
prices and easy terms, inquire 01
d. s- sz. bxjiok:,
Portland Cement Curbing
xTx Ccniet;i-y X-otN.
Estimates Furnished on all kinds of Cemetery Work
Oflice unci Hnlcnreotii. t7ii Oiik Street.
1 1 MICCCSMUl
Bnccinllst lu Han Fran-
Cisco. BtlU continues to
euro all Sexual and
Seminal Diseases, finch
Stricture, Syphims in
..11 ... .... .cm. ni.
w. ,,. n.hii.
.ltBM3 I Ik I . WH0 I"
Wlty, Impotency. Seml-i-K
nal Weakness and Loss
ol HanhooJ, tuo consc-
queiice oi self abuse anil excesses iiriucing 1110
foUowinc symptoms; sallow countenance, dark
spots under the eyes, pain in tlio head, ringing
In the cars, losiof conlldencc.dlfllilciicc in ap
mnniliiflrnniriTii. nalrctat!o:i ot tho hearts
weakness oi the limbs and back. losof memory,
Temples on tho face, couchs, consumption, etc.
1)K. aiBHON has practiced In Ban Kranchco
over thirty years and those troubled ihould not
f.,ii in rr.t1.11IL him and receive tho bcucllt ol
his creat 'skill and experience. Tliu doctor
cures when others fall. Try him. Cures guar
anteed, l'ersons cured at home. Charge
reasonable. Call or write.
Dr.J. P. Olbbon, 635 Kearney Street, San
XnLtsw l liiTbT riven to all whom it mar con
cern that I hve appointed D. V. Bttarns of Cala.
pooli precinct uepuiy mspeciur oi otocs iur uiu
prtcinct; postotflce address, Oakland; also A. J.
Oharmaa of Wilbur, and ltalpb Bmitli, at Hose
burn, u act daring my aDsence, pnu uiucia wu
boaadot as parties inspected make their desire
Roseburir, May 1th, 1SS7.
Inpuctaor of Btoek to Douglas eiinntr. Or.
individual and hia family aboald.be held
respanaible, not tlie currency.
If your plan of calling car dollars 75
cent dollars is a remedy for existing
evils, why .are not presentconditionp,
nnder which they are not only called go,
but are ICO-ceat ' dollars 2( and can be
maintained to) better, far better?
Won't it renuire the same amount of
labor to coruire ouc of your 7o-cent
dollars as it now does to acquire one of
our 100-cent dollars? If so, will not the
laborer be a loser by the change?
You say free coinage and 75-cent dol
lars would mean 75-cent wheat, 30 cent
oats, 25-cent corn, 15-cvnt wool, 0 cent
pork, etc. IIow much would his condi
tion be bettered by changing from pres
ent conditions, under which he can pur
chase wheat at 50 cents, oats at 0 cents,
pork at 3 cents, etc., with a dollar that
has a purchasing jhjw.t of ICO centa?
If it requires the same amount ot Ubor
to acnuire vour cheap dollar as it now
decs to posfess au honest dollar, cculd
not tho farmer whose land is mortgaged,
get out of the "purgatory of debt and-in
mortgage to the money loruV" much
sooner and easier with the present 100
cent dollar than with your debased 75
cent coiu? You certainly do net rate
either of them among your "sensible
You answer me, "admitting tfor argu
ment's sakel that the mechanics and
laboreis uro bettered under present con
ditions of coinage, does not the farmer
stiller when he can get only 30 cents for
wheat. 0 cents for o.Up, 15 cents for
corn and 3 ceuls for dressed pork?"
I answer you, yee, unfortunately yes,
ho does suffer financially, b'lt theso
prices nre not caused or brought about
by the coinage of silver, nor the non
coinage of silver, nor silver in any
shape; just here lies the fatal stumbling
block of honest advocates of free and un
limited coinage I emphasize the word
"honest," because many of the leaders
amongst them are not honest as I shall
prove- to voti by their own words before
I conclude this article. Impress this
unchangeable commercial law on your
Tlie prices of all commercial products,
tho precious nnd all other metals, all
products of tho farm, factory, mill, forge,
furnace, laud, water, etc , to sum up,
everything that is exchanged, bought
or sold lor a consideration, aro regulated
by the universal law of den.and and sup
Hence, tho condition or shape of tho
silver belonging to Htewart, Jones or
Teller, or any other silver mine owner,
whether as rock in the ground, or
bullion in Iho brick, or coin with th
Now, then, a3 to the mam question
How comes it that our present dollar
which baa reallv only 53 cents of silve:
in it. circulates as if it waB a real 100
cent dollar? How is ita value main
tained? And why, under free coin3gc:
could not similar dollars be similarl
Let us try to explain this so that no
oiio can fail to understand.
Supposing yon are a locomotive engi-
encineer and earn $100 a month. You
have been on the same road for 10 years,
Everybody in your neighborhood knows
you and knows ycu to ba an honest, re
putable man. Suppose now that yon
want to use your next month's p3y b'
fore it is due and for your own reasons
you decide to borrow the money among
the boys and your other friends, and you
further decide to do it by asking each
man to lend you five dollars and in ex
chance vou cive each man an order on
the paymaster for the same amount
Yoa will then have to borrow from 20
men (at five dollars each) lo make up
the J100 and yoa will e 20 orders on
Now. yonr friends know you. They
know that those f 100 are coming to you
They are willing to accept those, pay
inaatet'a orders a3 being as good as
money. They know they will get their
money on them. Hone of them, later
on in the month, needs his five dollars
at once, he will be able to sell your order
to someone else. He might give it to
the grocery for toad ; or to his boarding
house. It is us good as money and
practically would bo money until it was
presented and cashed.
Now, why is tins? It 13 because your
credit isgood because, that is, there is
known to be in the paymaster's hands,
and coming to jou, a real dollar for every
dollar that is marked on ono of these
But let us suppose that word got around
that instead of issuing twenty of those or
ders ou had quietly iseued '-'.OCO. In
stead of promising to pay $100, you bad
momised to nav J10.000. What would
happen? Would the men who had
those orders still regard them as worth
their face value? Would the store
keepers and boarding-house men con-
tinue to accept those orders as the equal
of good money? Ot course they would
not. There would be $100 comiug to
vou or lets if you bad "skipped out" in
the middle of the month and those $100
would have to meet $10,000 of debt.
Tho orders miclit be worth live cents
apiece, becauso when the $100 was di
vided up to pay the $10,000, there would
be just one cent on every dollar. Most
probably, however, the ordtrs would be
worth just the value of tho paper they
were written on or what they -might be
worth to frame and hang up as enriosi
ties. They would no longer be money
at par. That is certain.
Suppose live men sit down to piay
cards and each man bnvs 103 chips at
Notice is hereby Riven to nil persons inter
ested that the undcrsiKneil, V. U Wilson and
Aimer Kiddle, has U-en by the county court ot
nHl.if ItlKlinnl fiui-ii. di-ccased. and nil nor. invirimieut Slump il If uaa HO
sons having claims iisainst tho cslnto of said :ii,,p on tho nrices of
deceased must present tho same with proper Or lnllUeilCO Oil uiu pritca ui
vouchers duly veril led to sain execmore at artieleB 0f commerce
llilir UMIIVIIVU 111 Jll'"'u .nnin,i, uwiihiu"
county, OreKon, or to their attorney nt Kosc
burc, OroRou, within six months Irom the date
ol this notice. Hated July 27, lS-sfi.
W. U WIION nnd AHKKIl RIDDLK,
Executors; of the Estate of Itichard Owen,
I II A II. ItlDDI.K,
Attorney for Executors.
What would you say to me, if 1 were
to advise you to kill your own horso be
causo your neighbor's dog had killed
imn of vour sheep? You wouldn't
class mo wilh your "sensible people'
long as every man knows that he can at
any time get money for them. If he can.
get a cent they are worth a cent to him.
If he can get a dollar they aro worth a
dollar to him. When lie can no longer
get money for them they are worth just
Now to apply this to the situation in
the present silver dollar. The present
silver dollar contains only 53 cents
worth of silver and yet we all accept it
as worth a dollar of 100 cnts. Why do
we do this? We do it simply for th9
same reason as your friends (yon engi
neer, who are issuing the paymaster's
orders) are willing to accept those or
ders, because the credit cf the govern
ment ia good, because we know that it is
not issuing any more of those 53-cent
dollars (or paymaster's orders) than it
can redeem, because we know that
there is an actual gold dollar coming and
to begot at any time that we want it,
for every silver dollar in circulation.
The number of those silver dollars ia
strictly limited. Tho government has
cot issued $10,003 of orders against only
$100 coming to it. Every dollar ia a
paymaster's order and the government
is good for the dollar it represents.
The present eilver dollars were coined,
firstly, under the Bland act of 1878,
which ordered the government to buy
from $2,000,000, to $4,000,000 a month of
silver bnlion and coin it into dollars;
secondly, under the Sherman act of 1S90,
which repealed the above and ordered
the government to purchase 4,500,0(30
ounces of silver a month and coin 2,000,
000 ounces of it into dollars.
When the Sherman act waa repealed
in 1S93 this coinage was Etopped. Why?
Because the government was rapidly
getting into the position cf the engineer
who issued paymaster's orders for more
than he could take care of. The coin
age was stopped at a point where the
government was still able to pay a gold
dollar for eveiy silver dollar that waa
out. It was stopped at a point where it
was still able to maintain the parity
(which onlyjneana the eqnaUtyofha
two metals. We all ot ua know this or
are supposed to know it. We know that
there ia a good dollar to be got at any
time we want it for our 53-cent dollar,
and just so Jong as this is the case we
are all perfectly willing to accept the
53-cent dollar as good enough.
If the government had gone on coin
ing silver dollars indefinitely there would
soon have come a time when there were
more chips iu circulation th'an there
were cents in the bank to take care of
them. The United Sta!e3 treasury is
only the bank in the great game of poker
which we call commercial life. The
chip3 which come from the bank are 53
cent dollars. The; arc worth a dollar
to us o3 long as there is a real dollar be
hind every chip. If once there ceases to
be a real dollar behind evrey chip; if
once, that ia to say, the bank is bankrupt
whether from sneak-thieving or any
thing else from that moment the chips
are worth only precisely the yalue of the
material that ia in them, whether that
material is celluloid or 53 centa worth of
Now, what is that the silver men ask
for? They demand the free and unlim
ited coinage of silver at a certain ratio
the free and unlimited coinsge cf 53 cent
dollars. Today these dollars are good
for 103 cents each only - because they are
strictly limited in number five dollars
worth of chips for five dollars of good
money in the bank 100 dollars of orders
on the paymaster for 100 good dollars
which are coming. Eat once let ua start
on unlimited coinage and there is no un
limited shpply of good dollars in the
bauk or m the paymaster's office. The
unlimited dollar will na longer have 100
good cents behind it. It will be impos
sible to maintain the parity oi the
metals. No one wiil givj a gold dollar
for a silver one, and the silver dollar will
be worth jast what is in it 53 cents
worth of silver. No mere. It will be
just a celluloid chip after ilia bank is
empty and the game at au end.
Ihis is why we uon t, want tree and
unlimited coinage of silver. This ia why
the silver dollar today Is good and why
the same dollar later ou might not be
good. Railway Age.
cent apiece from the box and puta iu $1
Thero aro then $5 worth of chips out am'
there are $5 iu tho box to redeem them
with. Iheu every chip is worm one
cent. Any oue of the five will accept
chin as ono cent. If onyono is short of
chips and needs one chip to make out
bet, ho will just as readily put a copper
cunt into tho pot as a chip, or a nickel
instead of live chips. That is to say.
that for tho time taiug tliu chips are ab
solutely as good .n coat?, anil in fact, for
tlm limited circulation round that table
actually aro cents.
Suppose, then, while none of the men
Bjv oratory at Springfield, O., yester
day made to the country this exhibition
of intellect and wisdom, to-wit:
If the farmer complains he is not
making much out of his potato crop,
they tell him it is due to the potato bug ;
If he is not making much out of corn,
they tell him it is due fo the chintz bug;
if he is not making much out of wheat,
they tell him it is duo to the army worm;
Irat'let me tell you the goldbug is de
stroying more crops than all ot them.
Beyond power of description, or char
acterization, is not this pitiful and con
temptible? The man is a candidate for
the presidency of the United States who
uttera ihis stuff. It ia tho otatory of the
leaders of the Coxey rabble; it ia a rov
elation cf the spirit of the Bryan move
ment ; it ia an insult to the intelligence
and self-respect of every decent citizen
of Ihe United Statea. Oregonian.