Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Plaindealer. (Roseburg, Or.) 1870-190? | View Entire Issue (Sept. 3, 1896)
IF YOU SEE IT m
lr iuu uun i ncnu
I You Don't Get the News, j
IT IS SO.
ROSEBURG, OREGON, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 3 1896.
. . .... tsafC
(Successor to J. JASKULEK.)
Practical : Watchmaker, : Jeweler : and : Optician.
H TCIIES, CLUCKS, JEWELRY. AND FANCY CUUDS.
Ueilrlitl a BS js -..
Uoiiuinu LJ rnv.lllaii JEj'o GIiibsum mitl SpcctucleH
A COMI'LKTE STOCK Or
Cutlery, Notions, Tobacco, Cigars and Smokers' Articles.
Also Proprietor :unl Uunucor of Rosoburg's Famous Itargnin Store.
i T .If I- fi . , .J
Kleventli Ycir necliis September jtti, 1896.
Three Distinct Courses: Normal, Academic and Music.
Stale diplomas, conferring tlie decree of Bachelor of Scientific Didactics,
awarded to those ho complete the Normal course, and pay the required fee.
Diplomas from the school to those who finish the other courses!
Thorough work and teachers,training department. Expenses low.
A limited amount of work will be given those who wish to thud pay a part of
their way through school.
Drain is a quiet, healthful little.town, situated SO miles north of Roseburg,
and has no saloons or other places of vice. The people are moral and trne friends
of the student. The year jost closed has been a prosperous one for the school.
For fall parlicuiarst ead for new catalogue, which will be promptly mailed to
you. Lous IUbzee, li. S., President.
roniirj'i i-ihu una name, ft
H. T. BLUMB,
Proprietor o! .
I The City Meat Market,
And Deader in
PRIME BACON, HAMS, LARD,
Tlie ucw yenr opens Sept. 14.
Tho only Normal.School south
ol Monmouth which has a
tour -year Formal oturte of
tturfii ana (r rants unlimited
State Normal School Diplomas
gooa ior inc.
(Iradnatcs ot this school are
allowed G2 credits by tlie Uni
versity 01 ureeon and arc ad
mitted to tho freshman class
Training school throughout
the year in charge of mem
bers oi Senior class and critic
teacher. Other Courses: Col
lege Preparatory, Business,
Music, Art, Teachers' Review
Tuition hall board
1.7, family board JZ50 to
13.00. lodging in dormitory
SO cents, student furnishing
rino winters, cure water.
and good society.
For new Catalogue or special
W. T. VAN 8COV, PrcHldcut.
Now in Progress.
2 M. F. Rapp,
AND FRESH MEATS OF ALL KIND.
Orders Uicn and Delivered Free
10 aay part oi the City.
JjcWioo Stmt. Kovcburg. Oregon.
DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF
STAPLE . AND . FANCY . GROCERIES.-
COUNTRY PRODUCE BOUGHT AND SOLD.
Give us a call. Goods delivered to r.ny part of the City in short order.
Corner Lane A Sheridan .Streets. ROSEBURG, OREGON.
A Choice Collection, at Prices that Sell.
LIME PLASTER AND CEMENT.
A FULL LIME OB WlfiDOW GLASS
ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.
Real Estate Bought and Sold
Farms, large and small, to Rent,
AND IMMEDIATE POSSESSION GIVEN.
Stock Ranges, Timber Lauds and Mining Properties
Prune and Hop Lauds of best quality, in choice locations
in quantities to suit intending purchasers, at reasonable
prices and easy terms. Inquire of
3D. S- K. BTTIOKI,
Wfc9RvjeL, 2Lmaa&JI mm CJ aaaty, Ojx calujtK
The Collins House
First Hticct east of Depot, one block north,
First Class $1.00 per Day House.
Recently rcmo-lclvl, renovatc-l and refurnished.
ami uvkkv htaiilu in connection.
'Successor to 0. W. NOAH,)
rROTTINQ AND RUNNING PLATES A SPECIALTY,
KE TAMING OF ALL. KINDS PKOMITLY DONE.
HIiop on Corner WnHliltiKtou nittl Itnnc 8tn., Roscburg.
Marble and Granite Works.
B. W. AGHISON & G0.3 Projrs.
Dealers In all kinds ot
Marbic and Granite Monuments
Portland Cement Curbing
For Ccmotory LotH.
Estimates Furnished on all kinds of Cemetery Work
OIUcc uud BalcHreom. 711 onk Hired.
REPLY TO At. LEMHER.
Sin: In my last I promised you that
I would produce substantial and irrefu
table evidence that many of the leading
advocates of free and unlimited coinage
of silver, being influenced by personal
motives, aie not honest in advocating it
as a national necessity.
I hereby present you with an extract
from a speech made by tho Hon. John
.Sherman, the ablest financier our coun
try has produced, who was present
in the senate when the speeches were
made, and parts or extracts from which,
he quotes as follows :
"It has been eaid that the dropping of
the silver dollar in the coinage act of
1873 was surreptitiously done. This
charge is shown to be false by tho debate
in congress and especially by the declara
tions of the 'men who make the charge.
Sixteen months after the passage of that
act Senator Jones, of Nevada, in debate
in the senate, June 11, 1874, said :
I am oppoeed to any proposilion, in
whatever way it may come, that attempts
to override what God himself has made
for money. I believe the sooner we
come down to a purely gold standard the
better it will be lor tho country.
''April 1, 1874, he said:
Does this congress mean now to leave
entirely out ot view and discard forever
a standard of value? And what t.ut gold
can be that standard? What other
thing on earth possesses the requisite
qualities? Gold is the articulation
of commerce. It is gold that has lifted
the nations from barbarism. It is the
common denominator of values. It
makes possible the classification of labor
and the interchange of commodities.
Gold has intervened in bargains made
between men since the dawn of civiliza
tion and it has never failed to faithfully
fulfill its part as the universal agent and
servant of mankind The valne of
gold is not affected by the stamp of the
"Senator Stewart, of Nevada, on the
same subject, on the 12th of June,
1S74, said :
Sir, the laboring man and the pro
ducer is entitled to have his proJuct and
his labor measured by the same stand
ard of the world that measures your na
tional debt Give him such a stand
ard ; give him such money as you require
from ttim. You require it from the pro
ducer. You require it from tbe laboring
man; gold to par the interest on jour
national debt, which is right, which can
not be avoided if you mean to save the
national honor, but then give him the
same money with which to pay that
debt. The question will never be settled
until yea determine tbe f imple question
whether the laboring man is entitled to
have a gold dollar if he earns it, or
whether you are going to cheat him with
somethicg else. That is the upshot of
the whole thing. Everybody has to say
that tbe laboring man is entitled to a
good dollar. That was fought over.
They will fight it over again and the
same party will win. There have been a
great many battles fought against gold,
but gold has won every time. Gold
never has comptotnised Gold has
made the world respect it all the time.
The Enclith people thought they could
get along without gold for a while, but
tbey bad to come back to it.
"On June 1, 1S74, Senator Jones and
Stewart and all the representatives and
senators of the silver stales were urgent
and honest in saying that gold was the
best and only standard of value, but they
changed their minds when the largely in
creased and increasing production of
silver in Nevada and other states re
duced the market value of silver below
that of gold at the established ratio of 1G
to 1. They then wanted a matket for
their silver. They wanted to pay exist
debts and obligations contracted
upon the gold basis in silver, but took
care in their contracts to stipulate for the
payment of gold on them, and this has
been and is now the general practice in
the silver states."
"When these seeches were delivered,
tho persons who made ttiem, were, in
whole or in part, owners of silver mines,
and are so now. At that time silver was
worth 103 in the markets of the world.
They didn't need the nssistanee of ths
government to seep it at par, conse-
ouentlv spoke tho honest sentiments of
their minds; conditions are changed
now. Silver, itheir tilver) is quoted in
the markets of tho world, at nearly 50
per cent below par. They can't afford to
mine it at that price, or if they do mine
it. tbev loose nearly half of it, conse
quently, we, the people, by making it a
national affair, must assist them must
agreo to take it, their private property,
at par to prevent loss to them. AYith as
much justice and propriety might our
farmers demand that tho government
make their wheat a legal tender at $1.00
per bushel? Each is the private prop
erty of tho owner, boing the product of
their labor, and should receive like
treatment by tho government and if we
may discriminate in f.ivor of any class
of our citizens, let it be the farming and
laboring classes, rather than the million
aire miner. I am convinced that a law
making a silver do'.Iar.untrinsically worth
only 50 or GO cents, or any other sum be
low 100 cents) belonging to private indi
viduals or miners, a legal tender for all
debts, would bo class legislation, there
fore unconstitutional, consequently void;
but as tho platform of tho demulist-
popocrntic combination proposes to re
vise tho Supremo Court to suit them
selves, I suppoEQ a small thing liko that,
if correct, wouldn't stop tho circus.
Unfortunately, they have persuaded
many honest, but deluded minds, to 1
lievo that there is a deficiency in the
amount of money in circulation, where
with to transact the business of tho coun
try, and tho only remedy for which, is
to coin, and make legal tender of this
private properly, which intrinsically is
worth only half as much as we must
take it at, thereby enriching them, al
ready millionaires. How are you and I
and all of our neighbors or any other
man who is dependent on his daily
labor to get any of it, if we have neither
property or labor with which to possess
ourselves of it?
Read carefully, the following truthful
and common senfe remarks, made at
Great Truths Related in a Humorous
The following was written for the To
ledo Blade in 1878 by Petroleum V.
Confederate X Boads (which is in the
State of Kentucky), Jan. 22, 1878,-1
ain't so certin that I want the silver bill
Canton. O , by McKinley, toa delegation j to pass ez I was. The fact is, the thing
of farmers a few days ago: I don't work ez I sposed it wood, and I
"You cannot help the farmer by free
coinago of silver. He can only be he) ped
by more consumers lor his products.
Better a thousand times enlarge the
markets for American products than en
largo the mints for tbe silver products
of tbe world. You mignt just as well
understand now that you cannot add
value to any thing by diminishing tbe
measure of value with which the thing
is sold or exchanged. If you can do so,
and yon want to benefit the farmers,
then make the bushel smaller, the pound
lighter, and declare a dozen less than
12. The home market is the beat friend
of the farmer. The best consumers for
the American farmer are those at home.
They consume 13 times as much of the
products of the farm as the foreign con
sumer. When be has customers he
wants his pay for -what he sells in Bach
unquestioned coin that be will know it
is good not only today, but will be cer
tain to be good every day of the year
and in all parts of the world. Free sil
ver will not cure overproduction nor un
derconsumption. Free stiver will not
remove the competition ot Russia, India
and the Argentine Republic, ibis com
petition would remain if you would coin
all the silver in the world. Free silver
will not increase the demand for your
wheat or make a eingle new customer.
You don't get customers through the
mints, xoudoget them through tbe
actones. 1 on will pot get them by in
creasing the circulation of money in the
United states lou will only get them
by increasing the manufacturing estab-
isnmcnts in tbe United fctates.
'Plant the factory by the farm," said
Jackson, and that is as wise and applica
ble now as when the hero of New Orleans
eaid it years ago. The printer saja halt,
again. Hoping to see you later I remain
yours for more work, wages, prices and
our present dollar. cook Nik.
THE LAW OF 1878.
Silver Dollars a Legal Tender to any
1S77-73. Chapter XX. An act to
authorize tbe coinage of the standard
silver dollar, and to restore its lteal-ten-
Be it enacted, That there shall be
coined at tbe several mints of the United
tares silver dollars of the weight of
412,1;; grains, troy, of standard silver, as
provided in the act of January IS, 1837,
on wnicu snail ce ine uevices ana super
scriptions provided by said act; which
coins, together witli all saver dollars
heretofore coined by the United States
of like weight and fineness, shall be a
legal tender, at their nominal value, for
ail dells anddoes, public and private
except where otherwise stipulated in the
contract. And the secretary of the
treasury is authorized and directed to
purchase from time to time silver bull
ion, at the market price thereof, not less
than $2,000,000 worth per month, nor
more than $4,000,000 worth per month.
and cause the same to be coined monthly,
as last as so purchased, into sucn dol
lars ; and a sum sufficient to carry out
the foregoing provision of this act is
hereby appropriated out of any money
in me treasury not otnerwise appro
priated. And any gam or seigniorage
arising irom una coinage snail be ac
counted for and paid into the treasury
as provided under existing laws relative
to the sub-idiary coinage; provided that
tlie amount ot money at any one time
invested in such silver bullion, exclusive
of such resulting coin, shall not exceed
fo.OOO.OOO And, provided, further, that
nothing in this act shall be construed to
authorize the payment in silver ofcer
tificatei of deposit issued under the pro
visions of section 254 of the revised stat
Sec. 2. That immediately after the
passago of this act tbe president shall
invite the governments of the countries
composing the Latin union, so-called,
and of such other Eutopean nations as
he may deem advisable, to join the
United states in a conference to adopt a
common ratio between gold and silver,
ior tlie purpose oi establishing, interna'
tionaiiy, the use oi bimetallic money,
and securing iixity oi relative valne be
tween those metals; such conference to
be held at such place, in Europe
or in the United States, at such time
within six months, as may be mu
tually agteed upon by the executives of
the governments joining in the same.
whenever the governmeuts so invited.
or any iLree 01 tnjru, snail have signi
fied their willingness to unite in the
Tho president shall, by and with the
advice and consent of the senate, ap
point three commissioners, who shall at-
teud such conference on behalf of the
United States and shall report the doincs
thereof to the president, who shall trans
mit the same to congress.
Said commissioners shall each receive
the sum of $2500 and their reasonable
expenses, to be approved by the secre
tary of state ; and the amount necessary
to pay such compensation and expenses
is hereby appropriated out of any money
in tbe treasury not otherwise approjro
sec. o, mat any bolder 01 tbo coin
authorized by this act may deposit the
samo with tlie treasurer, or any assist
ant treasurer onne united states, in
sums not less man $iu, and receive
therefor certificates of not less than $10
each, corresponding to the denomina
tions of tho United States notes. The
coin deposited for or representing the
certificates shall bo retained in the
treasury for tho payment of the same
on demand. Such certificates shall bo
receivable for customs, taxes and all
public dues, aud when so received may
Sec. 4. ah acts and parts ot acis 1
consistent with tho provisions of this
act are hereby repealed .
I Note. Tho above act having been
returned by the president of the United
States, with his objections, to the house
ol representatives, rebruary !:, 1S7S
was passed by both houses and became
law on tho samo day.
ain't clear onto it. There is Buttle prin
ciples in these finanshel questions wich
requires a great deel uv thought, and
there is underlying principles wich a
man has got to undeistand afcre he is
competent to Eet hisself up ez anthority.
One thing I'm certain uv, Bascom
ain't no finaneeer, nor never will be,
and 1 told him eo.
Wat is a finanseerV" asked he.
A finanscer," sed I, assooming the
look of Dan'l Webster, "is a man wich
kin pay his debts with notbin a man
wich kin git suthin with nothin."
"The Corners, then, is full of finan-
seers," he remarkt, bitterly, casting a
casual glance at his slate, which wnz jist
full enuff to turn over and begin on
But he hezn't "any uv the science uv it.
wuz argooing with him the other day
in favor uv my noshun uv a leather cur
rency, though I told him silver wuz
much the same thing, and, for .example,
would assoom that silver wuz to be the
currency uv the fucher.
"Now, don't yoo see, Bascom, that ef
bed twict ez much money, I coold
drink twict ez much whisky and pay for
"How Much is Twice Nothin?"
wuz the urjfeelin' answer uv the tyrant
who holds the destinies of the Corners
in his hands. "That's wot yoor capitle
hez bin ever since I knowd you.'
"Parson," sed he, "I don't see what
arthly difference it's goin' to make
whether silver is currency or anything
else. How are 3 00 goin' to git silver el
it is made legal tender? Ef silver wnz
ez plenty ez bricks, what hey you got to
get any uv it with?"
"Troo, G. W" wuz my answer; "but
can't yoo Eee that to hev silver wood re
lieve the dettor class? Even now, aforo
it is legal tender, it's only wnth 92 cents
on the dollar, and whep the country is
floodid with it, it will go still lower.
Then we or rather sich nv ua ez hey
property to raise money on kin pay
Eggsactly so," retorts Bascom; "you
kin pay me for the Ood, honist likker
uv mine, wich you hev consumed, in
coin, wich is lets than the dollar you
promised. All rite. But look here
come in here, all uy yoo. I want yoo
silver men to know exactly
What Yoo are Rushin' Into."
And this feend led us into the back
room that back room wich contanes
the subsistence uv the Corners. There,
in long rows wuz Bascom's etock. There,
in barrils, piled one on top uv another,
wuz the delishus whisky uv Louisville,
uv different ages, rangin' from that uv
two weeks old to that which hed jest left
the still and was scarcely cold yit There
it lay, and ez my eye ranged affecishnn-
ately over it I felt ef I could hev the
drinkin' of all that likker I wood be con
tent to lay down and die when the last
drop wuz gone.
Bascom p'inted to the immense tank
wich he had erected within a few days,
with a pipe runnin' in from the roof.
"1 shan't raise the price of likker in
consekence of being paid for.it in depro-
shtated currency," sed he.
I fell on Bascom's neck, in an exstacy
uv delite, while the others shouted, "rah
"G. W.," I remarked, while teers suf-
foosed my eyes, I never placed von
much below the angele, but thi3 gener
ous act has lusted you a hundred per
cent in my estimashun. Bless you, G.
W., bless you."
"But 111 tell you what I shell do. Do
you see that tank?" sed he.
"May I ask what that is for?" I sed.
Will Fill With Rane Water."
sed he. "The moment yoo git to payin'
me in silver, I shell take out uv each uv
them barrils jist epgsackly three and
one-fifth gallons uv likker, and fill it
"Merciful hevings," we all exclaimed,
"and yoor likker so weak now I"
And when silver gits down to 75
cents on the dollar, I shel take out 25
per cent uv whisky and fill her up with
25 per cent of water. And so on down.
Ef silver goes up I shel add whisky
egssaekly in proporehen. In short, my
whisky is jist agoin' to fo'.Ier currency
and nothlu' shorter. Y00 fellew wich
work for wages may swet, but 11 won't."
"But yoo'l increase tho size of yoor
glasses?" ted I.
"Not any. But you may driuk twice
ez many times to git tho same amount
uv drinks ez before, by payin' for each
And Bascom stalked hawtily back and
took hii posishen behind bis bar.
Ther wuz cousternashun in the Corn
ers sich ez I hev never seen. Ther wuz
a hurried consultashun at the Deekin's
house and I sejested that we emancipate
ourselves from the domiuyun uv this
tyrant by startin' a grosery uv our own
on the joint stock principle, which wuz
agrojd to, each man agreein' to contrib
bit $10 to the capital stock, which wood
Coucluded on 4th page.