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About The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887 | View This Issue
THURSDAY- -AUGUST 1, 187S.
MAZE YOUE CHOICE.
"We liave frequently and earnestly
urged girls not to be content or to tbiuk
themselves qualified to enter upon the
great duties of life as women, until they
make themselves familiar with some
occupation by which tbey may earn an
bonest and ample living. This idea
never came to us in its full and com
plete sense until we found ourself com
pelled to face the world as bread-winner
for a family, or see the children con
signed to the protection of others; and
it was an experience that came with
a weigui iuai uas caused us to earn
estly entreat young women while tbey
nave a miners table to sit at and a
father's roof to shelter them, to qualify
themselves for some business. Co not
think that in the event of being pro
vided with a sheltered home, the time
spent in learning a trade or profession
will be lost. Nothing is Io9t that de
' velops the spirit of self-dependence, that
completes you as an individual able to
make terms with the world, and so
look serenely on calamities that may
overtake any one, that surely will over
The despairing wail of "What shall I
do?" so often answered after weeks and
months of vain endeavor by the demon
of licentiousness that regards woman's
pecuniary necessity as his vile opportu
nity, and presses his dire advantage un
til be revels and riots in woman's fall,
should cause every woman to work for
some object, however lowly, that will
lift her iU'tbe future above the barest
possibility of holding parley with the
viees of men for ber bread. Not a day
passes but we see these things exem
plified before our eyes. True, tbey are
the daughters and sisters of others.
This case may not come near our own
threshold, but what assurance have we
that that case may not? And eaalted,
self-sufficient womanhood is priceless
wherever found. How many cases can
eaehofus recall that has fallen under
under our own observation where
women, but yesteiday sheltered by
home and support, to-day are bereft of
both and obliged to maintain the one
and supply the other, or starve, or
worse? See them with health broken
ami spirit bowed with grief, without
preparation of any sort, open small
millinery stores, essay and fall at dress
making, take in washing, advertise for
plain sewing, and, holding out against
gaunt famine as long as possible at
these, look helplessly this way and that
for succor, finding none. There can be
no more pitiful sight, and if beauty and
comparative youth is their portion,
what wonder is it, with but one path
open that leads to all outward appear
ance to a eupport, they, constantly
urged, find tbeir footsteps tending to
ward the forbidden labyrinths of sin to
which it tends? Contemplating this
every-day picture, can any ouo doubt
that a sure preventive for much of
what is denominated the "social evil,"
might be found in placing women in
situations of pecuniary Independence?
To do this, each must be carefully aud
thoroughly instructed in some business
that, faithfully followed, will yield not
a mere pittance, but a comfortable liv
ing. Make your choice, girls. Not of
c husbands, until this other choice of avo
cation is made, and the probability, not
to say the certainty, Is that you will be
able to make a matrimonial choice of
far greater wisdom by being possessed
of the comfortable assurance within
yourselves that marriage is not to you
a pecuniary necessity.
"The moutblngs of demagogues who
never risked their lives to save their
country" are, as last year, let loose upon
General Howard and his course of action
He is toiling at tbe front, undergoing
privation, anxiety, and fatigue, while
his critics never think of sacrificing
their ease for a moment, but spend all
their spare time in vilifying and mis
representing him. Such people really
seem to think that General Howard
should by bis strategy and generalship
annihilate space, compel these bostiles
to draw up in military precision before
bis columns, and quietly and unresist
ingly die in the last ditch. A few such
exhausting marches over a mountain
ous country in the heat of summer as
General Howard and bis troops have
made would take the conceit out of men
who lounge on tbe shady side of the
street all day, talking loudly ol what
the General should or should not do.
Sensible people, however, knocr that
There Is more honor in his armless sleeve"
Than in all tbeir conceited moutblngs.
Tbe New Northwest will hereafter
be published on Thursday of each week
Instead of on Friday, as heretofore.
Communications of any length must be
in the otllce on Tuesday to secure Inser
tion in the issue of that week. Adver
tisements and special notices, unless ex
tremely brief, must be In by noon on
Wednesday. We hope all those inter
ested will bear this l miml, aiMj be 0Q
time with all matter Intended for a cer
tain Issue, and thereby save themselves
disappointment, and us the iifcewity of
of making further explanation
Penny-a-liners throughout the nation
seem to think it extremely clever to say
"smart" things relative to Mrs. Tllton,
and low-minded readers rub their hands
in ghoulish glee as tbey repeat them to
others of their class. One of them,
imagining himself very witty indeed,
casts a slur upon all womanhood by
announcing that this most pitiable and
suffering woman proposes to lecture on
"Woman's Fall." True manliness must
forever blush at such shameless exlbl
tion of low wit and vile Innuendo.
Under this head we frequently see
women landed as noble, when tlnv
should, if spoken of at all, be denounced
as silly and coutemntlblr. Tim fnl.
lowing is a fulr specimen :
Thousands of cues have been recorded of
woman who have refuted to exnoe itaelr
brutal husbands, who have maltreated them.
Information ba jutt reached ui ol an enraged
husband biting off big wife's mm. On being
arrested and brought Into mart, the noble
woman tehtlfled I bat the bad bit It on" herself.
If faltehood is any test of nobility of
spirit; if weak submission to inhuman
treatment and lying to screen the per
petrator from just punishment, is to be
commended and held up as an example,
then should such weak and erring
creatures as above referred to bear ofM
thepaltn. We're magnanimous. We're
not only willing, but anxious for those
who appreciate that sort of thing to
monopolize that kind of glory and no
bility. To be called stroug-mlnded and
deserve the appellation in its most rad
ical sense is, to our way of thinking,
vastly preferable. Nay, we would will
ingly suffer the word "fidelity" to be
expunged totally from our vocabulary,
if weak submission was its only defini
tion. Wo never could see how a woman
of sense, of dignity, of self-respect, of
nobility of character, could continue to
love, cliug to, be abused by, aud lie for
a man after be had foresworn every
marriage vow and violated every ele
ment of commonest humanity in his
treatment of her. "The beaten span
lei's fonduess" is not so strange, aud to
speak of such women as "spaniels," un
reasoning, criuging, fawning, would be
in much better taste aud much more in
keeping with truth, than to dignify
them as "noble women." Out upon a
nobility that sinks self, forgets justice,
defies truth, binds a human soul in ab
ject bondage, and subjects the human
body to mutilation. No Nancy Sykes1
"HE HATH DONE WHAT HE COULD.'
It is usual to see ouly upon grave
stones the just commendation, "He
bath done what be oould," and these
words or their import gleam coldly
white over the resting-place of many a
person who never in an his life heard
his most untiring ellorls spoken of with
One of the maxims said to have been
adopted by Washington is this: "When
a man does all be can, do not blame
him, though lib succeeds not well.1
Whether Washlngtoulan or not, liu
manity and justice speak through it,
and should be heard. One of the com
monest forms of injustice perhaps is
that of expecting of our fellows more
than, with tbeir mental organization
and capacity, they ore able to perform,
and then blaming them for failure. To
expect something from nothing is man
ifest absurdity, yet few of us there are
but are guilty of it almost every day as
we comment upon tbe life failures of
others, losing sight of the efforts they
have put forth, in weakness it may be,
or It may be iu mistaken zeal, to com
pass different results.
Honest effort, if only conspiuous for
tbe disheartening failure that follows it,
deserves to be crowned each day with
an acknowledgment. When dreamless
sleep comes to tbe discouraged soul, It
may stifle tlio remorse of surviving
friends to place tardy acknowledgment
upon the tombstone, but cheerful pres-
entencouragement, while yet the thorns
of life pressed into the weary spirit,
would have precluded remorse and
brightened a clouded pathway strewn
ever instead with hopes abortive.
SEEKING TO EVADE THE OUBSE.
The Idea that the army of tramps that
Is sweeping over the West are poor fel
lows soliciting work which soulless mo
nopolies and heartless capitalists stead
ily refuse them should certainly be dis
pelled by the fact that farmers In Iowa,
where these posts have recently been so
troublesome, cauuot get men to help
tlirougb harvest for wages varying from
! 60 to S3 50 per day and board. This
fact should cause even sentimental phi
lanthropists to bottle their tears and un
cork their Indignation against a thrift
less vagrant class that seeks to evade all
responsibility and live off the bounty of
others, not because tbey are unable to
work, but because tbey are unwilling.
They seem to have convinced them
selves that the world owes them a liv
ing, aud in pursuance of this idea they
demand free rides, freo lodgings, and
free food at tbe hands of Industrious in
dividuals or enterprising corporations.
Tbe truth is, they are constitutionally
opposed to and seek in every way to evade
the primal curse, "In tbe sweat of thy
face sbalt thou cat bread." This is, In
bur opinion, about the true state of the
WOEK TOE THE00NVENTI0N.
It is hoped that suffragists who as
semble at Astoria next week will care
fully elaborate plans for work so that
the legislature-soon to assemble may see
that the women are in earnest about
their just demands, and know how to
present them. We understand that
Hon. F. O. McCown, of Oregon City, is
engaged upon the review of tile laws of
Oregon as affecting the interests of
women, and it Is to be hoped tbe same
will be completed in time to be made
eflectlvo by the executive committee
before tbe legislature meets. Generali
ties count for nothing when brought to
be test. Positive, truthful detail Is
what we want, and, losing sight of per
sonal preferment and personal strife,
endeavor to systemlielour work so that
" " e"ecvc. "Sound and fiirv
! ?.n"SlD?.noth,DS." "lenities even less
than notblnc- in ... .
Let 1 " . 0 , 7 ""POP"'" cause.
us have careful, earnest work.
t onal Convention win cost the S
ritory about $6,000.
AN HOUE. WITH COBBESFONDENTS.
A friend asks : "Would it not be well
to announce through the columns or
the New Northwest the time the up-
river boats and cars connect with tbe
Astoria boats, so that those going to the
convention could make their calcula
tions accordingly?" We answer that
the daily Astoria packet leaves this
city every morning, Sunday excepted,
at 5 o'clock; returning, leave Astoria
at the same hour.
Au active co-worker writes : "I have
been sick ever since the meeting of the
association lust winter until about three
weeks ago; hence have been unable to
make money to meet the expenses of
the Astoria trip, aud, though it is a
great disappointment to me, I fear I
shall have to forego it entirely." Men,
and indifferent women as well, often
censure the movement because Its advo
cates and friends do not attend its con
ventions in larger numbers. The above
reason, lack or means to defray ex
penses, and not indifference, keeps the
earnest workers at home, aud tbe fact
that they do stay at home time" after
time when the great desire nf their
hearts is to be with and work with the
advocates of human liberty, is a com
plete refutation of the popular dogma
that women who believe in suffrage
neglect home duties.
Our Seattle correspondent, whose art'
Icle on finance was published last week,
says : "Sherman may not bo a gay de
ceiver, but he certainly Is a public de'
celver on a grand scale. I find by com'
parlson that the public debt since I860
has actually increased over $600,000,000,
and yet he would have the public be
lieve that our national debt Is on tbe
decrease." In view of the events and
developments of the past year, as well as
those foreshadowed by them, It is not
likely that those In whose hands the
nation's financial interests are intrusted
can much longer hoodwink tho people,
even by the vast array of figures that
make such formidable show at the close
of each fiscal year. It seems to be nat
ural for persons to have a sort of blind
veneration for things which they can
not understand, yet which make Impos
ing show; so when the Seoretary of the
Treasury sends out his annual exhibit.
tbe people look helplessly at tbe foot
ings of the immense columns, and, un
derstanding only the vnstuess of the
amount, console themselves with the
official statement of tbe "decrease of
tbe public debt," and attempt to pay
their next installment of taxes with a
little more of cheerfulness and hope.
Mrs. Foltz writes from San Jose : "Our
Constitutional Convention meets In
September. We hope to have embodied
In our constitution a clause or section
that will untie tbe hands of woman, and
allow her equal political liberty witli
the men of our commonwealth. We
need workers at this juncture, aud bit
terly regret that Mrs. Duniway was
compelled to return home so suddenly.'
Mrs. Duniway would have been glad In
deed to have remained and labored In
California for the next month, but tbe
need of work In the home field was too
pressing to render her absence ex
pedient. "Sybil" writes from Salem, express
ing her own views upon the Indian
war, or, rather, upon employing tbe
Umatillas to fight against, tbe hostile
tribes, as follows : "When will mon
learn to set a civilized principle for bar
barians to pattern from ? Surely there
are men enough tramping aud loafing
to subdue the hostile Indians without
arraying other tribes of their own race
against them ! It seems to me that
there can be no greater shame tiian In
arraying one barbarous horde against
another in battle." One peculiarity of
au Indian war is that there Is such an
amount of easy fighting done on paper,
far from the rough edge of battle.
For our own part, we care very
little what enginery of destruction
Is turned against these merciless
savages, so that they are compelled
to a quick result that will enable the
farmers and ranchers of Eastern Oregon
and Washington to return to their
homes. It is not nearly so repulsive to
our feeliugs to see Indians fighting
Indians, as to see Indians employing
their savage arts of war against the
whites as they so delight In doing.
it.uilra uuu lumurs wouiu not, we
Imagine, make first-class soldiers any
more than they make first-class labor
ers, and unless sent to the frout as tar
gets for Indian sharp-shooters, they
would probably serve an indifferent
purpose in the field. However, we ad
mit that turning different tribes against
each other in deadly combat has a sort
ot civil war element in It that is
Agentlemau who left this city sud
denly for the scene of hostilities some
days since, says : "I pursued the Indi
aus until I came within about twenty
miles of tbem; then, not knowing but
their guns might have uncomfortably
long range, I turned and made my way
back toward tho settlements. The
country up this way Is In a forlorn con
dition, but tlie probability now is that
tbe worst of the scare aod its small at
tendautareality is over." It is indeed to
be hoped that the latter supposition is
correct, as enough might yet be gar
nered from devastated fields to provide
for tho most pressing needs of the
people. The fear jocosely expressed
concerning the possible "long range" ol
the savaces' cuns, Is one that more
than likely bad an accelerating effect
upon tho movements of many who tied
before such a ghastly probability.
The most remarkable birth ever
known occurred near Salesvllle, Ohio,
recently. Mrs. McCormlck gave birth
to five healthy children, four of whom
were boys and one girl. The medical
works give but few Instances of such
wonderful births, and when they do
occur children have scarcely been
known to live. In this case the mother
and children are, in common language
on such occasions, "doing well."
ANONYMOUS LETTEBS .
We are not in the habit of noticing
any effusion which is not endorsed by a
responsible name; but the following
epistle seems to require special mention
at our hands, hence this departure from
our general practice:
Mrs. A. J. Dmiway-Madam:-In
reading your last paper, I was much Im
pressed witli the high moral tone 01
your senllmeuts. Hut wuy itu iu
wlille you were In Walla Walla your
most Intlmato associate was the former
Mrs. , uow miUrett of Judge , a
member of tbe Constitutional Conven
tion ? She goes to her meals with him
opeuly, ami remains with him in his
room. Now, are you a champion and
advocate of such practices? Your action
here would seem, to indicate that you
were. If so, myself and a large number
of ladies in this town feel ashamed aud
scandalized by your conduct, as you do
not represent our ideas or sentiments.
Ax Odthaoed Woman.
Walla Walla, July 21, 1S7S.
J. Outraged Woman Sir: The
above would receive a private answer
but for the fact that you get behind au
imaginary woman, nnd so cover up your
Identity that it is impossible to address
you with absolute certainty. But the
fact that you are not a woman is as
patent as that hoops failed on a certain
occasion to conceal the boots of "Presi
dent" Davis. We shall lay the original
of your letter away, In company with
another to which Is added the signature
01 a certain deputy sheriff of your
county. They bear the same chiro-
graphical imprint, and will look well
together some day.
I omit the names of the persons you
mention, because I have no proof that
you have not slandered them. When I
travel on tbe public highway and stop
at the public hotels, I never think of
keeping my nose to the ground or my
ear to the keyhole, on the search after
social iniquity, and consequently I never
find it, unless in the foul imagination of
some evil-minded man. who writes
anonymous letters over the signature
of a woman, that he may thereby taint
womankind with tbe stigmaof "gossip."
I remember meeting- tbe lady you
name at the Stiue House, aud convers
ing with her several times on interest
ing topics; butshe merely impressed me
as a modest, unassuming, aud well-behaved
lady, who had the good sense and
good manners to mind herowu business
and slander nobody. In common with
others, I frequently ate at the public
table with her and the gentleman whose
nameyougive; but as to the disreputable
matters you mention I have no knowl
edge, and, so far as I know, no cause for
suspicion. I have purposely kept my
self ignorant, and consequently inno
cent, of tho supposed evil practices of
men and women In all my public ami
private life, and if you are wiser than I
In these tilings, you are welcome to
your inauner of obtaining superior
knowledge, and the evident satisfaction
which such knowledge affords you.
Now to your question. I am a cham
pion and advocate of everything that Is
pure and ennobling. I detest libertines,
courtesans, and tho writers of anony
mous letters. I despise everything that
gives even the appearance of evil, and
so steadily have I held myself aloof I
from It that I do not even suspicion its
presence unless it is thrust under my
nose, as you have thrust it, by sorae-j
body whose verj imagination is ataiut
with foulness. The couplo you name
mayor may not be guilty as you charge.
I do not know, and certainly It is the
better part of our common duty to con
sider tbem innoceut until they are
kuown to be guilty. Should I meet one
or both of them again, I should not mis
treat them on the strength of a thousand
anonymous letters; but should I detect
them or you engaged in advocating Im
moral social practices, either by precept
or example, I should not hesitate to de
nounce you openly, over my own signa
ture. In my seven years of public life,
I am proud to say that I have been uni
formly so courteously treated by gentle
men that nover, except by auonyraous
letter-writers (and they are few and far
between), has any ono dared to assail me.
Now, let me give you a little advice.
If you consider the persons you name
guilty, as charged in your Indictment,
wiiy do you not attack them, Instead of
me ? If you have seen practices in them
which iu my unsophisticated innocence
I have fulled to discover, why do you
not turn reformer, and oust such a man
from your Constitutional Convention?
Aro you a champion of such practices?
Your actions would certainly seem to
Indicate it. Iu conclusion, let me ex
hort you to repair at once to the nearest
apothecary "aud get au ounce of civet
to sweeten your imagination."
A mo aii. Scott Duniway.
Portland, July 22, 1S76.
From a circular sent out by Professor
!. L. Rowland, superintendent of public
instruction, we learn that district teach
ers' institutes will be held during the
month of August, as follows: At Em
pire City, the 2d and 3d; Jacksonville,
8th, 9tb, and 10th; Lake View, 16th and
17th. In September, at Oregon City,
the 2d, 3d, aud -lib; Eugene City, tbe
5th, 6tb, and 7th. The State Teachers'
Institute will be held in Legislative
Hall, Salem, on the 21st, 22d, 23d, aud
21th of August. There will be an ad
journed meeting of tbe State Board of
Examiners during tbe session of this
last, for the accommodation of applicants
for State diplomas and certificates. Tbe
total number of school children enrolled
in tbe different counties, as returned by
county superintendents, is 53,4S4. Our
educators appear to be working in a
thorough and systematic manner, aud,
as a result, our public schools are a
growing honor to the State.
Rumor has it that Captain Wilkinson
has been ordered to join his regiment In
Dear Rkaukks op the New N'orthwkt:
Our last balled from the Bay Cltv.
where we were making a flying visit
too short by half for our purpose. And
now, when wo are at home again, pre
paring hurriedly for our next brief Jour
ney, aud wo undertake to recall events
of the past fortnight, the whole seems
as an unenlightened dream.
We, however, well remember spend
ing the last evening of our brief sojourn
in ban 1 ranclsco In the charmed society
of our intelligent aud hospitable friends,
Colonel Collins and wife, who, with a
circle of literary, acquaintances, be
guiled the time to a late hour with the
choicest conversation and most enno
bling thoughts. Then came an hour or
two with our owu loved oues ere we
sought a little needed sleep preparatory
to the morning's journey.
Iu our wanderiugs we chanced upon a
precious little orphaned waif, to which
the parental hearts of our liege and self
so spontaneously warmed that we de
cided to adopt and bring It home aud
rear it as our own. To resolve was to
ant. There was no time for reflection,
and almost before we knew it we found
ourselves aboard the "Great Itepublic,"
aud afloat upon the bosom of the ocean,
bearing in our arms the treasure, who
was henceforth to have no earthly home
The voyage proved a long and tryliig
one. A heavy wind and rain storm
lashed the ocean to a fury, and the
crowded ship was disagreeably cold.
We took the best possible care of tbe
tiuy waif, aud reached home with him
iu safety; but alas, tho change of food
and the hardships of the journey proved
too much for him, and after a week's
waiting at our fireside, during which
brief time tho entire household had
learned to love him more deurly than
words can express, the precious little
life flickered and went out, and the first
funeral Iu a homo that for a quarter nf
a century lias been crowded with life
took place on the 26th Inst., Rev. Mr.
Authoiiy officiating, and a genial circle
of warm-hearted friends ablating witli
their love and care. Then the casket
was closed over the beautiful gem, the
west-side train halted by previous ar
rangement in frout of tbe house, and
our sorrowing liege and self bore away
the jewel to the dear paternal cemetery
near Forest Grove, and our sweet, short
dream was over. We are too sail to
dwell upon this theme. A little while
ago and death seemed a long way off,
Now he is so very near that we can al
most feel the edge of his sickle.
But we must not linger over thoughts
like these. There is a mighty work be
fore us yet, aud we resume our public
duties after a fortnight's change, our
heart comforted by the knowledge that
' Not as a child shall we again behold him ;
For when, with raptures wild.
In oar embraces we again enfold him.
He will not tie a child."
Why we should have desired to add the
care of an Infant to our other duties is a
mystery; but why we should hove lost
him is a greater one, to be solved only
in tho great Hereafter, whither we are
At this writing, July 29th, we are
hurriedly preparing for a tlyiug trip to
Dayton and Lafayette, Intending to re
turn in time to be on hand In Astoria at
tlie coming convention.- A. J. D.
0. S. W. S. A.
To the Editor op the Nkw Nokthh-fmt:
The call of the President fora meeting
of the Oregon State Woman Suffrage
Association at Astoria so nearly covers
every point to bespoken about that It is
hardly worth while for me to add any
thing more; but I cannot forbear urging
every friend of tho cause of woman's
enfranchisement to be present at the ap
proaching meeting, either in person, by
letter, or essay, and see how much we
can accomplish to advance the cause
which ought to be dear to every lover of
humauity and liberty.
I regret to say that I think it will be
impossible for me to attend the meeting
myself, but will be there In thought aud
great hopes for tbesuccessof the meeting.
Women of Oregon, this Association is
yours, this cause is yours, aud being
youis, it is the cause of bumaulty. It
Is your duty to make It a success. Will
you do It ? Ann M. Martin,
Cor. Sec'y O. S. W. S. A.
Lafayette, July 23, 1S7S.
The reglsterof the land office of Walla
Walla District, P. B.Johnson, has been
notified of his suspension from office by
tlie President. He is also directed to
turn over all the property of the receiver
to K H. Morrisou, of New Jersey, who
has been appointed to his place. Mr.
Painter, receiver of public moneys at
the same place, has been superseded by
Mr. Reed, of Ohio. The first named
gentleman has beeu connected with the
laud office siuce its establishment iu
1S71. We presume the changes are made
in accordance with the boasted "civil
service reform," of which we heard so
much in the early months of Mr. Hayes'
Presidency. It ran something iu this
wise: "No removal except for cause,
and no promotion or preferment except
Sales of land along the Northeu Pacific
Railroad in Dakota continue at au enor
mous rate. During sixty days tbe gov
ernment lauds taken amounted to 178,
034 acres, while sales of railroad laud
during the same period reached a total of
103,997 acres, making a total of 5S4.931
acres, which, if taken In one solid body,
would cover a tract of laud six miles wide
and one huudred and firty miles long.
This rapid absorption of lauds Is far Iu
excess of anything in the past.
Mary A. Llvermore receives $18,000
per year as tne proceeds of her lectures.
She Is at present In Europe, where she
Is engaged In preparing lectures for tho
comlngseason. Theseshe prepares with
great care, having each one finished in
every point before the first delivery.
Yellow fever rages iu some of the i
Southern cities. I
Wheafcrop short In Iowa. Other ce
reals yield well.
Galveston Is quarantined both by
land and sea on account of yellow fever.
Cities and towns in Southern Missis
sippi have established quarantine
against New Orleans.
The yield of wheat In tho southern
counties of MInuesota will not exceed
twelve to fifteen bushels to the acre,
S. Myra Hall addressed the National
Convention at Syracuse last week in
favor of Woman Suffrage, favoring But
ler for president.
The session of the Womau's Bights
Contrress onened 1 11 Paris on the 27th
M. Martin, mnnininnl counselor of
Paris, and Julia Ward Howe, or Bos
ton, were chosen presidents.
Twenty-two tons of flue sliver bars,
valued at S750,000, were shipped from
the astwy office at New York on the
26th for the Philadelphia mint for coin
age into standard silver dollars.
A great corner In wheat is being run
by Milwnukle and Chicago coaimisiou
merchants. The price has steadily ad
vanced for two weeks, and intense in
terest is manifested in the result.
Senator Schurz' declslou that the
Union Pacific lauds not yet sold can be
pre-empted by settlers for il 2o per
acre, will throw open to tlie public a
large amount of valuable land in Ne
cloud burst about forty miles from
Yankton is reported as occurring on
Mouday of last week, by which a largo
tract of country was submerged, seven
persons drowned, and muoh property
At Washington a mob interfered' with
laborers working for sixty cents a day
overturned carts, plows, etc., and com
pelted them to desist. The police pre
vented further violence, but tbe laborers
did not resume work.
General Sheridan, accompanied by
three of bis staff officers, readied Dead
wood on tlie 26th from tbe military camp
on the J.UlIe .Missouri, rue ueuerai
after a careful examination of tbe
ground, expresses tbe opinion that the
permanent Black Hills military post
will be located at some polut between
tbe Spearfish aud Rapid Creek Valleys,
A riotous demonstration was made in
Washington on Saturday against the
laborers who were excavating for th
foundation of the bureau of eugraving
building. About two hundred men
made the demand. The men were at
work at seventy-five cetils per day,
Placards were posted near tbe building
warning men not to work at such
wages, and threatening those who did so
with summary punishment. Tbe de
ma ml was for SI 60 per day.
All the powers except tbe Porte have
ratified the treaty of'Berlin.
Sir Hastings Yelverton, Lord High
Admiral of tbe United Kingdom, is
The complete evacuation of Shumla
and Varna will take place within a fort
night. The Austrian troops crossed tbe fron
tier into Bosnia, and without encoun
tering any difficulties.
Much sickness is reported among the
troops at Cyprus, who landed there at
the most unhealthy season.
The "Whitworth," a thirty-eight-ton
gun receutly experimented upon at
Woolwich, proves to be a failure.
Garibaldi has written a letter warmly
approving the annexation demonstra
tions, aud recommending ritle practice
The Russian authorities have assured
the Porte that the Imperial guard aud
other Russian forces will retire as soon
as Varna is surrendered.
Russia desires to withdraw her troops
in the neighborhood of Constantinople
by sea, and demands theprevious with
drawal of the British fleet.
A Nebraska Girl.
We find the following In an Eastern
.In Secretary Schurz' private room In
the patent olliee building, writing qui
etly at a table, the visitor will see a
graceful, pretty youug ludy. This is
Miss Auna B. Irish, tlie secretary who
answers Mr. Schurz' French, German,
Italian, ami other letters iu foreign
tougues. She is a Nebraska girl, with
elegant manners, a musical voice, and
gentle, lady-like ways, which are wholly
winning. At an age when most j-oung
ladies, especially in Washington, sleep
nearly all day with their hair in curl
paper, and fpend the night dancing, or
traveling from one reception to another.
Miss Irish quietly turns her baek on the
world, and studies. As a linguist she is
probably not excelled by nnv oue of her
age in this country, having it knowledge
of ancieut languages as well as modem.
Besides her linguist studies, she is also
learning phonography. She Is uot more
than twenty-one or twenty-two years
t d, yet this graceful, gifted American
girl has the engagement for translating
all of Auerbach's works. She met
Auerbach himself in Germany while
her father was consul there, ami pleased
him iufinitely.as indeed she does every
body. Tlie German novelist's latest
work is "Landolln," and Miss Irish's
translation of it gratified him so much
that he wrote her a letter, warmly ex
pressing liis pleasure. Undoubtedly tbe
youug lady lias a fine career before her.
She does her studying evenings, after
she has speul her eight hours iu tbe de
WashingtonTerrltory papers announce
that all attempts to strike out the word
"male" when specifying the qualifica
tions or voters have failed in the Con
stitutional Convention. Tbe members
seem to have been dosed with so-called
"expediency," to the exclusion of Justice
on till, nnlm A illsfranohlsed class
have uot, and never have had, any Hs" t
which their political sovereigns were
bound to respect, as Is aKalu clearly
shown by the action above refered to.
HT.4TK AND TBBKITusUAL.
People about Mount Idaho have all
forted up agaiu.
Five brick buildines are la weeess of
erection at Albany.
Stnces now make schedule time over
the Blue Mountains.
Steamboats are running a llvolv nnnn-
sltion on the Upper Sound.
Waltsbure furnishes present emnlov-
meut to thirty-five carpenters.
The population of Lewis county U
,0S6. Number of families, ass.
Searlet fever Is racing anions tho
children in Sweet Home Valley. A.
number of deaths are reported.
The Tucoma Lime Company ship
from 125 to 200 barrels l lime eaeh
week. It ii of excellent quality.
Three thousand nine hundred tons of
coal were brought on the coal trains
uto Seattle iu one day last weew.
The Ashland woolen mills are crowded
to their utmost, ami are iuthiuk "
very handsome ami valuable goous.
a i' rout maiiv buildings are In eourse
of erection at Colfax, ami it is said to bo
one of the liveliest towns ot tne interior.
a retention was civeu to the Oregon
City Quartette at Blaekwell's Hotel, In
New Taeoina, 011 Wednesday evening,
tlie 24th lust.
A-i.inml Anademv Is a peculiar source
of pride to the citizens of that thriving
town, its prospwio ii
ness are bright.
It is thouEht that th bop crop of
tv..l,l,.int, TsrHtorv will fall short of
the usual yield about one-third, owing
to the dry weather.
The whole number of pupils enroiiett
iu the State university tne - .""
was 37S. Of these 174, or nearly one
half, were young ladles.
The WeUfoot M. JS. unuren, turee
miles south of Dayton, lamniii county,
was burned on the night of the 2Mb.
The work of an tuceudiary.
ti.q huvminiivn with its tender, one
box freight car, one passenger coaeli and
four platform ears, will constitute mo
first truiu from Olympla to Teniiio.
An t-.titriHteof the DoDulationof W asb-
ingtou Territory mkethe uuoibereast
of the mountains 21.000, and of Puget
Sound aud ou tbe rivers aud coast, 39,000.
Washington Territory Republicans
will hold their convention lor inomi
nating delegate to Congress ou tbe 9lh
of October. Date of Democratic con
vention not yet fixed.
A. L. Alderman, of Dayton, and
Henry Warren, of McMliuiville, have
purchased tbe right to the Pluonuer
fruit dryer for Yamhill couuly. Some
$5,000 worth of these niaeL' les have
beeu sold in that county wuniu a w
The trick of theOlympia-Tenlno rail
road was completed 011 Saturday front
Warren's Point to Teniiio, thus com
plying with the terms of the contract
and having six days to spare. It is
hoped that the trestle work in the bay
may be completed within that time.
Walla Walla county has 46,580 acres in
wheat which will yield 1,367,400 bushels
this year. Beside this she has of barley
7,507 acres; oats, 2,919 acres; corn, 290
acres; orchard, 747 acres; timothy, 1,260
acres; sheep, 26 066; lions, 4,964; cattle,
12.117; mules, 205; horne. 6,362. For a
total population nf 5,700 this is pretty
good. All of 50,000 touts of this will be
The eclipse of the suu on Monday cast
a gloomy semi-darkness over this region
for several hours. Sitting in our sanc
tum in the ghostly light of the darkened
midday, we could scarcely wonder at
tbe superstitious terrors that accompa
nied such au event in olden times, ere
science had made plain the mysteries of
the movements of the heavenly bodies.
Milton, in describing the obscured
glories of Satan after Ills fall, makes tbe
following reference to an eclipse and the
terrors it occasioned :
As when the sun, new risen ,
hooi through the horizontal miaty air
Shorn of h Is beams ; or from behind the moon.
In dim eclipse, disastrous twilight sheds
On half tbe nations, and with fear of ebanjfe
Perplexes monarch. "
A wmnau, Mary Leonard by name, is
being tried for her life at The Dalles for
the supposed murder of her husband. It
remains to he seen whether a jury of
men will decide iu this ease that to be
hanged is one of woman's special righ -The
murdered man was, from all ac
counts, a brutal wreleb, of whom '-
world should be only too happy to be
rid. The evidence fastening the guilt
upon the long-outraged wife is purely
circumstantial. If tlie half told of him
be true, lie for years cheated the hang
man by holdimr 011 to a life the tender
mercies of which were extreme crueltv
We begin this week h series of sketebes
of tbe Indian wnrof 1855-6, written by an
eye witness of and partieipaut therein.
The iuleutloti of tbe narrator is to make
these correct in historical fact without
tedlousneus of detail, and we are quite
sure tbat tbey will be found Intensely
interesting at this time. They will be
continued from week to week, and all
tlie main points touched upon.
To understand the world is wider titan
to condemn it; to study tile world is
better than to shun It; to use tbe world
is nobler than to abuse it; to make the
world better and happier is tbe noblest
work of man or woman.
The Duke of Coimaught has been
voted a marriage settlement of $50,000
per annum, and In the event of bis
death $30,000 to his widow. He will
marry the Princess Marie Iuii ot
Of Baltimore, the most sklllrol op"7 l.m.
ever visited iHMIIand. can th
his Improved Parabola ,med, relief
by consult!- the Doctor M
Hotel, room 1. this week. r- - lMeoaa.
produce the x. IX.
try. r. , vebraska, Wm. II.
Oarber. gornor '
A. J. xr-
. .. immmk letter perMtalng to the New
.." wnr.andall money due Ihtsoffiaeoa
br,PKn m MRS. A. J. DUNIWAY.
The National Uold Medal was awarded
u Bradley 4 Kulofaon for the best Photographs
In the United Stales, and the Vienna Medal
tor tbe best In the world. 429 Monteemery
street, San Praneisoo.