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About The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887 | View This Issue
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HtS. 1. J. BC.MWAT, editor and Proprietor
Devoteil to the Interests of Humanity.
Independent la PoUUea and Religion.
Uive to all Live Isoaes, and Thoroughly
) r FICB-OMU FBOKT A THTASHreTX STREET
TERMS, IN ADVANCE :
ot tbe Mae.
tlx Bum tlt
Face Sri! ec h. Free Ptiess, Fbee People.
Correspondents writing over assumed sign a-
mutt make known their samel to tbe
, or no attention will be given to their
POTi.TL.VlN'I, OREGON, TIIUKSDAY, .VT7GTJST 1, 1878.
ADVEKTISBMSM'rS Inserted oa Reasonable
Br Km. A. J. DPSI WAY.
actook or "nmtTH Kan," "rt.m bawd,'
"AtB AJTD MZKKT tmt "TUB HArPT
BTC., KTC-t ETC.
Eplt,ccjml)ncto Act of Conterew. In the
year IS, bjr Mm. A. J. Daalwar, In the ontee of
the Librarian of Congreae at Washington City.
The next day there wasa sheriffs sale
at the village, an unpretending collec
tion of primitive bouse, consisting mC a
few dwellings, an unfinished church awl
cbool-benee, and the inevitable black
tnitb shop, tavern, groggery, and store,
'o these bad lately been idded a cheap,
riangnlar building, of which the bake
nent served as a jail, and the upper
part as a court-house; for Morsevifle
was now a county town, and men were
blessing themselves with the luxuries
of civilization that enabled them to sue
and be sued, and thereby deprive their
wives and children of a home, according
to tbe law.
Gerald did not attend the sale. For
tbe Brat day In nearly two years be was
sober, or as nearly so as a man could be
after having soaked bis organism with
Intoxicants almost continually for
more than fifteen years.
He now looked for me to return to the
old ways of teudernera that had never
before failed him lu hie hour of greatest
humiliation. But there eoraes a time
when even a worm that is trodden UKu
Perhaps I did not do the wisest or hu
ruanest thing. Certainly it would have
been no worse for me iu the end If I bud
meekly submitted to what seemed my
destiny, and thereby made the best of
circumstances. But I may ere this have
disclaimed the idea of being a paragon
more than once through the course of this
o'er true tale. If I have, I here reiterate
the declaration. I am only human, and
on tbe oceafcion I now refer to I was
To save my life, I could not again vi
talize tbe old love into action. And as
it has never been my practice to do or
beajight else than my own honest self
with other folks, I scorned to longer act
the bypoerite with my husband.
"Gerald, if you bad stayed away from
tbe dram shop and kept yourself as
sober for tbe past deeade as you are to
day, we should still own a home!" I
Then my protector fell upon his knees
and cried and begged for mercy, re
minding me of a whipped aud repentant
I spurned him with my foot.
"You loathsome reptile!" I exclaimed,
savagely. "For many a year you have
gone on in tbe accursed indulgence of
your fiendish appetite, while your wife
and children have been your helpless
victims! You thought, miserable wretch
that you are, that I would always re
main a fool because I have so long been
playing tbe role of an idiot ! You are
worse than tbe midnight aw-eesiu I You
discount a million highway robbers!"
"Oh, for God's sake, Ethel, spare
me!" cried my lord, In abject humility,
"I will spare you henceforth as you
have spared your wife and children, sir.
I shall mete out to you the measure
that you have meted out to us. By
your wicked indulgence in intoxication
you have robbed me, and through me'
my helplees little oues. I pray Al
mighty God to strike you dead !"
I know, patieut reader, that all this
was fearfully ami wonderfully wicked.
I know I did not demean myself as an
orthodox wife. I do not eare toatieojpt
anything in extenuation of my fit of
frenzy, however, for had I ever in my
married years, which eovered almost
tbe whole of my life, been treated as an
orthodox wlfeT Was not my lot a sorry
example of tbe protected condition of
wifehood, over which so many men in
newspapers have so often waxed elo
quent? "Ethel, what do you intend to do
sow?" asked Gerald, whinlngly.
"What do yon Intend to do 7" was my
It was tbe first time I had ever nerved
myself to ask this question. And right
here let me pause iu my narrative while
I assure the reader that the greatest
mistake a wife eau make is the determi
nation too often indulged in by the
young and ambitious conjugal beginner
of voluntarily taking upon herself the
task of earning ami providing the fam
ily's substance. Xature has always
made tbe male the food provider, from
tbe bird to tbe lion, and man Is no legit
imate exception to tbe universal rule.
I wish I had begun my married life
with a fixed determination to do my
duty Iu my household, and let every
thing like outside business take care of
itself. By so doing I should have quite
likely gone hungry and meagerly clad
sometimes, but I could have borne It,
bad I only thought so, with much better
grade when I was young and ray chil
dren were little than I bore It in tbe
after years when my daughters were
verging upon the edge of womanhood,
and my own strength bad failed because
of my long straggle to fill a double posi
tion aud bear a double euree.
When one of my daughters gets mar
ried I say to her, "You are about as-
suralng responsibilities that are likely
to monopolize your entire time, ambi
tion, and strength. Do not, I beseech
you, step without the, pale of your legit
imate domestic duties to earn a llvell
IhmhI. The bread winning for your fam
ily belongs of right to your husband. If
veu eoerrmeh upon his domain of
money-getting, he will correspondingly
lean, just us you will lean upon his en
deavor?, as of right you'should, If you
depend upou him for the means of sub
sistence. It Is the husband's province
to provide the raw material for your
feniilv's demestle comfort. See to it
that you do not spoil him by furnishing
him with the suptiort that nature iu-
teiMled him to supply for you and your
childien." But It took long yeara of
bitter ex-rleuce to teaeh me this.
Let me see. Where was I ? Oh, yes;
I was telling about my first quarrel.
What do jfou Intend to do now, Ger
ald Orey?" I eried agalu, awl for the
moment I fell like belaying him with
"The first thing la to give possession,
of course," he answered, with a sulfite.
"And where shall we go?"
"You must decide, Ethel."
Gerald was astounded.
"What Is tbe matter with you to
day ?" he asked, his voice betraying his
"Nothing Is the matter, sir, except
that I have made my last effort."
"lam resolved to let you earn tbe liv
ing," I said, condescendingly.
"Then, damn me, I'll go again and
get drunk f I resolved to-day that I
would reform, aud I stayed at home on
purpose to keep my pledge; but I find
I'm tied te such an abominable vixen
that I must drink in self-defense. Re
member, Ethel, you have driven me to
the wall. It is the las.t feather that
breaks the camel's back."
With this he started down the street,
the picture of self-justified guilt awl
I did not look for him to return for a
week. Indeed, he frequently remained
away for a fortnight. I knew he was
going to the village to get drunk, but I
was glad of the release from his presence
that a prolonged spree would bring me.
Good reader, I know that you are
shocked; but never mind; so am I.
For a while after his departure I sat
perfectly apathetic and silent, not ear
ing whether I lived or died. But tbe
clamor of my dependent little oues soon
brought me back to all the' real miseries
of my warped existence.
It was Hearing my babies' bed-time;
the cows were coming home, ami the
older girls ami I were to do the milking,
as usual, aud two strangers called while
we were iu the midst of It, to seek food
and lodging for the night.
Very mechanically I performed my
tasks, aud at a late hour retired to my
simple couch in the spirit of calm Indif
ference induced by desperation. For a
little while I slept from sheer exhaus
tion, ami then I awoke to pomler over
the situation, awl found myself In a far
different frame of mind from that whieh
had induced me to say such desperate
things as I bad hurled at my poor hus
band. I very well knew that Gerald was the
helpless victim of a fell disease that not
only attacked his body, but blighted his
spirit, and so blurred his natural sense
of honor that he really was not morally
responsible for bis conduct.
"And yet," I asked myself, "what
right have I to endure so much degra
datlnn and sorrow on bis account? Has
he not violated the entire spirit aud let
ter of the contract by which he took
upou himself the obligation to provide
for and protect me?"
I resolved that I would no longer en
dure my lot, I would rise up in my
majesty of selfhood and be my own
roneter. My own half-seetioii, or three
hundred and twenty acres of unim
proved land, was a legacy with which
the first foreshadowing of woman's
rights had liidueed an able Congress
man to endow pioneer women, and it
lay there, adjoining the half-section
upon whieh our poor Improvements lay,
under a wise legal provision that pre
vented its being sold for the husband's
I decided at once that I would remove
my household chattels to my own real
estate, and set up for myself in a home
of whieh no husband could deprive me.
Then, when I was able, I could volun
tarily care for Gerald, but I would never
be In subjection to him again.
By morning my plans were all ma
tured. Hurriedly getting my breakfast
over, and informing my daughtersof my
Intent, we all set to work diligently to
prepare for our removal. I knew we
might remain where we were for a sea
sou, under the law, before we should be
ousted by a writ of ejectment; but I did
not care to avail myself of this doubtful
An old military tent had once "been
en at our uouse by a party of pleasure
seekers, and, the weather being warm,
we resolved to ablJe in tunl un we
could build a cabin.
1Tq I. ml n ,UL-.ln
- ".ntij i),nn ana a span
oi iuuian wares lor a team, and a half.
.1 .Ava t I nil .. ... .
uuieu vuna "u"." uw jet, so iar as
I knew, been pledged for intoxicants.
These, with a few farming Implements,
tbe whole of which I had purchased
from time to time with my own earn
Ings, constituted, In connection with our
few household chattels, our ontlro possessions.
We selected a retired nook in a beau
tiful little valley, hemmed lu by forest
trees, and skirted by a gravelly bot
tomed rivulet, where we pitched our
tent awl began our preparations for the
coming fall and winter.
Our nelchbors learueu tue situation
awl volunteered to help us, bo that In a
little while we had a comfortable cabin,
mueh better than tbe one wo bad left.
and a gardeu, field, and pasture under
fence, with the two first ready for the
I was allowed to remove my stock of
fall and winter fruits and vegetables
from the form that had been my bos
baud'sr ami lu a few weeks we were
made surprisingly comfortable. A new
hope dawned within me.
To my great relief, Gerald did not
eonis home. I could hear of him almost
daily at the village, but our house was
so peaceful and pleasaut without him,
and our children so hopeful aud happy,
that I felt myself blessed as never be
fore. True, I was not without an ach
ing, constant dread of his return; but I
shut the prospect out of my mind as
much as possible, and worked with a
hearty will at everything niy busy
bawls could find to do.
After a while I learned that my hus
band had shipped before the mast. I
was glad of it.
"Now," thought I, "my girls and I
will rest securely for mnny mouths to
But I soon found that my calculations
for quiet and prosperity were wholly
without foundation. A man who was a
stranger to all of us came oueday, bear
ing a bill of sale entitling him to our
horses, harness, wagon, and cows.
"What?" I exclaimed, Interroga
tively, as I scanned the paper, with my
heart fairly choking me. "Sir, you have
oertairjy made a mistake."
But, alas! it was uo mistake, as the
sequel proved. For my husband being
out of funds at the time of his de
parture, and feeling constrained to pay
certain debts of honor which ho had
contracted, as was his habit, at the
Morseville bar, had sold his personal
property to obtain the funds he needed.
"But, sir," I said, excitedly, "this
personal property Is mine! I earned It
all with my own hands, and my hus
band had no more right to barter or sell
It than tbe veriest stranger In the land."
"I have nothing whatever to do with
your rights or wrongs iu the matter,
madam. I did not deal with you, but
with your husband. And It's my hum
ble opinion that women have enough to
do to look after their own a Hairs, with
out troubliug themselves about outside
matters that are really beyond their
"Sir, you are worse than a thief!
You are a robber!" I cried, as I trem
bled from head to foot with a mingled
sense of ou trace, annreheiislou, and
"And you are a lady!" was tbe lofty
reply of the legal purchaser of my prop
erty, as he turned majestically away to
secure the formal possession of his own,
His words, or. rather, their Inlona
Hon. stiinir me to the ouick. 1 Know I
am not .giving a very agreeable record
of myself in this chapter, but I do not
care. I am on the wltuess stand, self
pledged, and of my own volition, to tell
the truth, the whole truth, and nothing
but the truth, and so I shall fulfill my
I watched the fellow as he proceeded
to the pasture todrive up the cattle, aud
when he came near the bars which af
forded entrance to the little barn-yard,
I approached him, armed with Gerald's
ritle, and dared him to put a fluger on
mv horses at the Peril of his life. He
was scared, and no'wonder.
I only regret that I had not dared to
lay the law and gospel of my own de
fense before my husband iu our early
married years. It would of course have
seemed unwomanly, but I now realize
that God gave me combatlveness, ns he
gave It to all women, not to be crushed,
but to use in self-protection.
The strauger considered discretion the
better part of valor, nnd went away
without his booty; so luckily I was not
compelled to shoot him.
The nervous headache that followed
this tumultof excitement prostrated me
for several days, during which my baby
grew ill and died. Foor little life
thwarted waif! Its mother's milk had
been so vitiated by hardship, frenzy,
and excitement Hint It became a deadly
poison. But how dear It was to me!
And how I struggled to restore it to
life as it wrestled with the death agony!
In the creat Hereafter, wuen tue
mlirhtv scroll of human history shall be
unrolled and read by the archangel of
Wisdom, the death rate among infants
will be properly traced to Its rigutiui
Protect the mothers if you wouiu save
the children Is as true of women as of
cattle. But the masses do not know It
To be continued.
We should often have reason to be
ashamed of our most brilliant actions If
the world could see the motives from
wbloh they spring.
He who Is false to present duty breaks
a thread in the Irmm nn,i u?m tl.o
defect when the weaving of a life-time
THE INDIAN WAB OF 1855-6.
Gold having been discovered in the
vicinity of Fort Colvllle In the spring
of 1855, the samo spirit that prompted
thousands to quit home and civilization
and brave the perils of a wilderness two
thousand miles In width a few years be
fore, aroused hundreds of the. pioneers
of Oregon and Washington Territories,
and Impelled them forth into that wild
region. The country between Fort
Colvllle and The Dajles at that time
was inhabited onlyiy Indians, many
of whom were livlngfn thequlet posses
sion of everything that their unsophis
ticated natures craveiil. They owned
Immense bands ofaiiorees and horned
cattle, and while the mouutalus fur
nished an abundance of game, the
streams of water an inexhaustible sup
ply of fish, the hills and valleys yielded
spontaneously esculent roots and deli
clous berries. Hero was a perfect In
dian Paradise. Here, among the boun
ties of nature, the "noble red man"
could live in perfect consonance with
his indolent shlfllessuess, aud here ho
would probably have continued to live
until the present time unmolested by
the jostling "pule-face," only for the
discovery of the tempting ore within
the limits of this extended domain.
But the white race never could resist
the allurements of gold. Xor could the
hardy pioneers of this country see why
unlimited wealth should lie buried in
the dark chambers of earth anywhere
within their reach, even though iu seek
ing it they must traverse the pasturage
or nuntlng-grouiius oi nomauio reu
men, or if iu the prosecution of their
work in gathering it they must disturb
the limpid homes of the trout or sal
mon. Hence, during the summer at-
uded to, adventurers might be seen
pressing toward the gold region by
scores and hundreds, generally in com
panies of a half-dozen or more, but not
Infrequently single individuals, with a
temerity unaccountable, would brave
the dangers of the trip alone, many suc
cessfully. But not a few during the
summer disappeared forever from the
walks of meu, uo one knowing where or
how they met their fate. Some of their
odies were subsequently found, plainly
disclosing the fact that they had been
slain by Indians. So common did
these stealthy murders at length be
come, especially lu the Yakima coun
try, that Governor Stevensdlspatched a
special agent to the leaders of that trlbo
to inquire iuto the matter, aud if pos
sible to arrange for the safety of citizens
while peaceably passing over that coun
try. This was in September, 1S55.
This agent's version of his interview ,
with the Yakima potentates will never j
be known, for he met the fate that those
who knew him feared he would he paid
for his temerity with his life. But I
have since heard tbo Indians' account
of his visit to their village and of Its
tragical termination, which may or
may not be quite correct.
He arrived at their village late one
afternoon, and was met at night by the
chief men of the tribe, whom he charged
with couutenauciug, if not instigating,
the cowardly killing of his countrymen.
This they denied, assuring him that If
such murders had been committed in
their country, the perpetrators were
"voune men" whom the rulers could
uot control, but that they would try
not only to prevent the recurrence of
such acts in the future, hut would en
deavor to ascertain who the guilty
parties were and severely puulsh them,
llolen, however, as they charge, was not
satisfied with their explanation nor
their promises, but declared with great
warmth that the tribe should bo re
sponsible for these crimes, and that, If
they did not give the murderers up to
the United Sides authorities at once,
the army would fall upon them and
either exterminate the whole tribe, or
leave them stripped of everything, or,
asoldSkloo expressed it, "leave them
as naked us their flncers." With this
threat the agent left them to return
alone to The Dalles, a distance of over
forty miles. He proceeded to a spring
that now bears his name on a mountain
overlooking the Yakima Valley. Here
he lit his camp-fire in a driving rain
storm, and spent the night after leaving
the Indian camp. Early next morn
ing as he sat by his camp-fire, Qual
chiu, a young chief of the Yokimas, ac
companied by two or three other Indi
ans, come galloping up, and asked him
If he.stlll lnteuded to execute the threat
or vengeance he had pronounced ngalust
their tribe the day before. They agree
that the Intrepid Bolen betrayed no
signs of fear, but emphatically reiter
ated the threats he had Imprudently ut
tered while at the Iudlan village, not
withstanding he knew that not a single
person of his race or color was nearer to
him than two score miles, while angry,
armed Indians swarmed all arouud
him. At IengtU one oi tue savages ap
reached him from behind and knocked
him senseless with a club, aud, dis
patching him, left his shockingly muti
lated body to De eaten uy tue wuives.
This is the accouut of the tragedy as I
got It from the Indians themselves, aud
Is probably about correct.
The agent not returning when ex
pected, Major Haller, taking with him
about 100 men, proceeded fiom Fort
Dalles to inqulro what detained him.
Haller had reached the long zigzag trail
leading down to the Yakima Valley,
when he saw excited savages In war
paint galloping about In tbe valley
below. The Major essayed a parley,
but from fear, or a desire for war, they
would not be approached lu a friendly
spirit, but responded to bis friendly
overtures by opening fire upon his ex
posed ranks, and held him on that hill
side for forty-eight hours without water
for his men or animals. He then re
tired toward The Dalles, having lost in
killed and wounded about one-third of
his command, and leaving his howitzer
This engagement was led on tbe part
of the Indians by old Skloo, a man full
six feet In height, and in all respects as
flue a specimen of the Indian race as I
have ever seen.
Upon Halter's return to The Dalles, a
requisition was made upon the govern
ors of Oregou aud Washington Territo
ries for one thousand volunteers to nerve
against these Indians. Tbe requisite
number was speedily raised iu Oregon,
the men in most cases furnishing their
own arms and equipments. They
were regularly sworu iuto the service of
the United States, and promised 32 per
day for their owu services and the same
amount for their horses.
To be continued.
The Influence of a Good Woman.
I sometimes think of a good woman
greater than a good man. There are so
many avenues to the human heart left
opeutohergentleapproach, which would
be instantly barred up at tbe souud of
rougher footsteps. One may tell any
thing to a good woman. Iu her presence
pride sleeps or is disarmed. The old
child feeling comes back upon tbe
world-weary man, aud he wonders why
he has exposed the unsought confidence
which so lightened his heart; why he
goes forth again ashamed that one so
feeble is so much mightier; why he
could doubt nnd despair where she can
trust and wait; why he could lly from
the foe for whose approach she m cour
ageously tairies; why lie thinks of the
dagger, or pistol, or oioued cup, while
she, accepting the fierce blast of misfor
tune, meekly bows her head till the
whirlwind be overpast, believing, hop
ing, knowing that God's bright smile of
sunshine will break through at last.
The world-weary man looks on with
wonder, reverencing, yet uot eompre-
henuiug. How cau tie comprehend 7
He who stands in ills pride, with his
panting soul uncovered iu the scorching
Sahara of reason, and tlieu complains
that no dew lulls, no showers descend,
no buds, blossoms, or fruits cheer him.
How can he, who faces with folded arms
nnd defiant attitude, comprehend the
twining love-clasp anil sallslleu heart
rest that come only of love? Thank
Cod, woman is pot too proud to take
what she so much needs; that she does
not wait to comprehend the Infinite be
fore she can love; that she does not
plant her font and refuse to stir till her
guide tells her why he Is leading her by
this path instead or that, ami though
every footprint lie marked with her
heart's blood, she does uot relax her
grap or doubt his faith.
Well may her glance, her touch, the
rustle of her garments even, have power
to soothe or bless; well may the soft
touch of such upou brows kuotted with
the world's strife bring coolness aud
peace. O, woman ! with your arms
akimbo, leave it to profane Delilahs to
hold Samson by shearing his locks!
Be strong-minded ns you will, If only
you be pure and gentle-hearted. &mny
Typookaphical Errors. It Is Im
possible not to be greatly amused at
some of the typographical errors ot the
day. It seems as if nothing quite so
grotesque could have happened before;
but reference to newspaper tiles of past
generations shows that the humors of
types are uot restrained uy time, ino
late Dr. Francis tells au anecdote bear
ing on the subject. Johu Lang was the
editor of the old New York Gazelle
when scholastic discussions on theques
tionof the beginningof the present cen
tury were not uncommon, tne iiev,
Dr. Kunze, very learned and pious, ad
dressed, after much Investigation, a
communication on the subject to the
editor. He referred to the uregorlau
style, nnd Pope Gregory, which the
printers made "Tom Gregory." The
reverend doctor, deeply distressed, de
manded an editorial correction that
"Tom Gregory" meant "Pope Gregory
XIII." The Gazette accordingly re
quested Its readers to understand for
"Tom Gregory," In a previous issue,
Tope Tom Gregory Xfll." Another
effort was made to set the matter right,
aud the result was that mention was
made of "Tom Gregory the Pope!" The
erudite clergyman, in utter despair, re
quested the editor to try nothing more
lu tue way oi correction, as ue leareu
that he should lose all the reputation
acquired by years of devotion tolhesub-
Ject at issue.
A Mixin' of Babiks. Some time
ago there was a dancing party given in
n certain neighborhood of Texas, aud
most f the ludies preseut had little
battles, whose noisy perversity required
too much attention to permit the
mothers to enjoy the dance. A number
of saflaot young men volunteered to
mind the youug ones while tbe parents
Iih!uIi:hI in an old Virginia breakdown.
K soon-r had the women left the babies
in charge of the mischievous fellows
than tin y stripped the babies, changed
their clothes, giving tbe apparel of oue
to hi. other. The dance over, it was
time t go home, and the mothers hur
riedly took each a baby iu the dress of
tier own, and started, some to their
hoin-s ten or fifteen miles off, and were
far on their way before daylight. But
the day following there was a tre
uierdoint rowinthesettlemeut; mothers
diteovt-n-d that a slnirle night had
rhan-d the sex of their babies; observe
lion ill-closed physical phenomena; and
iIihii oonimeuced some of the tallest
female pedestrianism. Living miles
apart, it required two or three days to
unmix tue names, auu as uiauy uiuuiiis
to restore the women to their natural
sweet dispositions. To this day It is un
safe for any of the baby-mixers to ven
ture into the neighborhood. Waoo
Why is a type-setter like a cripple?
Because he can't get along without bis
ODE WASHINGTON LETTEE.
To tub Editor of the New Northwest;
Happy Washington ! At last she has
her new government. That which she
so long prayed for, scolded and agonized
for, and for which she made conversa
tion mournful with tales of Injustice
and complaints, ceased on last Monday
as a dream of hope In the formal la
stallment of the new District commis
sioners, and to-day we are moving
along serene aud smiling, without the
slightest disposition at fault-finding or
discontent, or whatsoever has the slight
est tendency to mar the sense of the
rich possession. Aud every one seems
to think it a duty and a privilege to feel
It as such just now, and leave all the
quarreling anddissatisfaotiou and harsh
words for a later day, when the unfold
ing of the new scheme shall develop
real or imagined defects. Tiiere is
much cause in our changed government
for rejoicing, though we concede high
est merit to our departed commission
ers. They did their best for us, but the
laws under which they acted were not
tiroad aud liberal enough to admit that
improvement of our streets, and iu the
workings generally of our municipal af
fairs which the times demand. Xow
we have much additional legislation.
uuder which the United States contrib
utes its quota, and if we can't better our
condition through the- sweeping im
provements of new men and new blood,
financially speaking, we certainly shall
The Secret Service Department made
a haul of new counterfeit silver coin re
cently, and accompany the fact with a
statement that this branch of the nefa
fariousartis becoming alarming in Its
magnitude. Any expert with a five
dollar outfit is amply equipped for the
business. To make the matter worse,
so perfect Is the work now done, that it
is difficult to detect the spurious from
the genuine. The souud, appearance,
hardness, and acid test are the same,
leaving that of weight atone by which
to detect them. With this knowledge,
there are but few persons who will not
cliug closer to the inimitable money de
vices of our world-renowned bureau of
engraving and printing. Without ex
travagant expectation, Americans cau
look forward for a recall at no distaut
day of all the old Issue of natloual bauk
notes and greenbacks to be replaced by
a series far superior. The new building
for printing our money is fast assuming
an identity, for active steps are being
taken to commence work upon it, as it
is the intention of the Secretary of the
Treasury to get it ready for occupation
at the earliest moment practicable.
Madam Gossip has run riot here as
well as elsewhere, and she apparently
never suffers for lack of material to
work upon. There was a great scandal
set atloat some days ago reflecting upon
the fair name of a. Louisiana Congress
man. The report made him guilty of a
grave Indignity to a lady of high rank
at the most fashionable restaurant in
the city, where they had gone to dine.
The peculiarity of the case was in the
full particulars, giving a real dime
novel iu the most extravagant colors,
the heroes being Congressmen, gener
als, waiters with "friends to the same,"
while for the heroine a solitary lady
sister-in-law of a Xew York Con
gressman, beautiful in the extreme, and
done up In the most approved style of
art. There was to be a duel. The last
affairs of the participants were in the
course of arrangement, aud all things
were rapidly ripening for a grand finale;
then, to everybody's disappointment, it
all euded up in a fiat denial of all the
circumstances by all the parties con
cerned. The Injured Congressman Is
here with the ostensible purpose of fer
reting out tbe perpetrator of this mali
cious "practical joke," aud his wonder
as to who the joker Is, is shared by a
large population of Indignant and curi
ous people. Aud there Is no doubt a
little summary vengeance In store if
the proper person cau be fixed upon
It will not be out of place perhaps to
refer to the Potter investigation com
mittee. It still retains its baptismal
name of Potter, though it seems that it
has slipped from his grasp into a very
medley of ownership, something after
tbe manner of Ginx's baby. Ben But
ler took a masterly hold of the bant
ling, but has beaten a retreat, and
seems as nicely "bottled up" as wheu
he was a big general at Bermuda
Hundred in 1S6I, and as unable to meet
the enemy now as then. Mrs. Jeuks
has conquered the whole host of com
mittee men, and nothing remains for
which seemingly anybody cares a row
of pins. The grave and serious charge
with which this Congressional arm set
out, and the weighty consequences
which seem to hinge ou its action, have
all taken wings. That which remains
Is but a farce, grinding out each day
eome new ludicrous scene, an apology
for its continued existence, or a pollti
cal intrigue in the interest of him who
would make this bis stage. Felix,
Washington, D. C, July 12, 1S78.
It is an old and true savinir that a man
should uot marry unless he can sunnort n
wife, aud, from some examples that we
have seen, we are beglnlnuing to doubt
senousiy wueiner a woman can pru
dently marry if she can't support a huS'
It costs us more to bo miserable than
would make us perfectly happy. How
easy is the service of virtue, and how
near uo we pay ior our vices!
What Mariar Died Of.
n,in,Tnmen 13 lhu m03t enriousest
..TLf"8?1 1 even tb bston 'em,
as I make uo doubt poor Mariar was"
groaned the bereaved husband!
rh,"l,dM "he ,1,fc of ?" I kel.
. ''"u,t ,nl,Ml a-steppi.. in
a minit, I'll show you what she died t
ou see that there wlll(ler by le
chlmbly ? Wal, that's wlmt she died
"Died of a wi wlow ?"
"Yes, ma'am; and ir you don't mind
a-settin' down a minit, I guess I'll tell
you how't was.
"You see, when we fust eotne to live
here, nigh onto ten year ago, there
wan't no winder there, awl Mariar she
looks around, and sez she, quick as
flash, sez she: 'I wish there was a win
der on that side o' the room,' sez sue.
Wimmeii is alius a-lonkiu for sulhtu'
as ain't there; and the more it ain't
there,'the more they hanker arter It.
"Wal, Marlnr, she Itegau to hanker
arter that winder. She couldn't live
without that winder. She wanted more
light and more, fresh air, awl it would
be so kinder cheerful a-seltln' by the
stove aud a-seeiu' what was goln' on
outside, she said. For it's just like a
woman to want to be hot and cold at
the same time.
"Wal, she kept a-wishln' and a-talkin'
altout that there winder till I got kinder
tired a-heariu' ou't. So sez I to her, sez
I: 'If you wait a spell I'll Hit in thut
there winder for you,' sez I. Aud I
meant to do it, too. seeln' as we'd one to
spare, and I am kinder handy like; but
we'd been a-livin' here uiich onto seven
year without that there winder, and we
wan't dead yet, so I waited awniie.
For it ain't my way to rush inter things
"But wimmen hain't no faculty for
waitin'. Leastways Mariar hudu't.
"Yon see, I'm kinder easy to live
witli, and that's what spiled her temper.
Mariar alius had herown way. There's
uo woman ever had her owu way more
nor what Mariar had. Wheu she
wanted anytbin' she'd ask un ask for
it. and she kiuder iawed me about It
awhile, then she'd go and do it herself.
She alius did, and I alius let her, fort
aiu't my way to counteract a woman.
And then laws-a-matiy ! it wan't uo
easy thing to counteract Mariar.
'Wal, one muriiiti', that was about
three weeks ago, she got up awful cnw.
"Air you guin' to put in that win
der, or air you not? That's what I
wauter kuow, sez she, kinder eoorufol
like. " 'Xotonslcha cold dav as this.' sez I.
' 'Yes,' says she, 'it's alius too hot or
too cold, or too suthln' or other, for
you,' sez she. Which no man could say
It's my fault if our climate ain't reg'lar.
"Wal, she went on a-talkin' aud a
rakiu' up things as was past and gone
aud had nothin' to do with it, as wim
men altus do it's their way.
" 'I'll have that winder afore I die,
sez she, 'it I put it in myself,' ses she,
" 'I bet yer can't do it,' sez I, kinder
" 1 bet I can,' sez she; 'I've had to do
wus nor this,' sex she.
"Wal, she went on a-talkin, you
know, awl as It Wan't Jutt kinder peace
ful enough to hum to suit me, I went
i down to Jim's place. Jim aiu't mar-
ried, you see, so it's kinder soothln'-llke
to a man as is.
"It was an awful cold day, and the
wind a-blowin' like mad, but when I
come hum at night what do yer think I
rouuu iSo supper, nor nothin' ready
for me, but, I declare for it, if that there
winder wasn't in ! It was nut in
crooked aud it wan't muoh of a winder,
but It was borter convenient, for all that.
"Wal, l lelt Kinder provoked at fust.
but the old woman was tonic sick that
uight, and I kinder forgive her afore
shedied. Of course, if I'd a-knowed as
she was a-goiu' to die for it, I'd a let her
doue it without so much jaw in' about
It. ino' l aiu't so sure as she'd like
that either, for she was the jawiugest
woman as ever I heerd on.
"lou see. Mariar alius had her wav.
so she couldu't give up for anything.
But Bbe was a real smart woman, too,
and I feel kinder lonesome without her.
And 1 Know It aiu't good for a man to
be alone, especially about his viti ea
and tilings, but I aiu't so sure as It Is
alius good for him to be married.
"Yer see. It's mighty hard work ter
please a woman. Wimmeu is the most
oueasy ami onsirtiu critters I ever
knowed. Things don't never suit 'em,
and when th9y do suit 'em, why, then
tney want more ot it; so there am t
never no pleasin' 'em clear through.
.Leastways, that has been mv experi
ence. And it's a doubt in my ruind
if it's good for a woman, either: yet I
alius was kinder easy to live with.
tuu that's what noor Mariar died
of." American Home.
Treading on Graves. The Amer
ican matron of Westminster Abbey
moves alow? corridors awl over the
bones of the mighty departed In
a state of badly suppressed dismay.
Used to walking reverently around the
grave of eveu the humblest mortality, to
see herself. aud brood actually treading
upou the most majesticot lomosis more
to her than paganism. On a second tour
of the abbey, I was iu the train of such
a dame a fairly-read, Intelligent lady,
brim full of reverence, one who at home
worsbliw her minister ami pays regular,
respectlul Sunday evening visits to the
local cemetery. She will never forget
her jaunt through Westminster. Her
running lire of horror came out in under
tones iu this wise: "Anna, dear, you are
standingrighton Beu Johnson." "James,
my sou, uou i8irauciie over lUaoaulay in
thatheatheu faslitou." "Mr. Jones, von
ought to be ashamed of yourself to step
on poor Charles Dickens." "Mercy on
me, here I am walking across Dryden."
And the miserable woman sat square
down on a bench above the bouesof the
nrst archbishop of Canterbury, aud gave
up iryiug 10 ue even liau-way respectful
In a minster whose every passing stone
is a siao covering somebody who once
made the world wouderor tremble. Chi
"Economy, Sarah," said a man to his
wife theotherday, "economy is tbe great
lesson we have all got to learn during
these hard times. We must retrench iu
the national administration, in the eon
duct or municipal allalrs, aud.above all,
iu household aud personal expenditures.
After the next Presldenta election a
general revival of business is expected,
and then we will talk about that si k
dres ' Then he went down town and
paid $20 for two months' billiards and