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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View Entire Issue (June 29, 1848)
i OMmm an to turn-
. Ikcr oouM not be mado (a
wbjr wMmU who art olil.
"..Vaitati tatae should Mnn
ftjsx vwation or treaty obit.
use puaitnment 01 a uu
4 committed any crime
I a American citlten, would be
y,tMetad. Indeed, tho conse.
I tasibx be fatal to American clti.
ita Chtaa, tlwuld a flagrant crime bo
m vy asry or them upon a uni.
I akouM trial aad punishment not
mam Miaa reejutsmon 01 tne
I might disturb, If not destroy,
riewUeM with that empire,
aa Interruption of our valuablo
treatlee with the Sublime Porte. Trl.
Ttaaia, Morocco, and Muecat, lo re.
km lrtWotkm of Congress to carry
HMo execution, though tho necessity
:e action may not bo to urgent
Unr of State ha submitted an
4MaWttt la defray the expense of opening
5 ajplMMiM relation! with the Papal State.
r,fr.1;lalereetlBg political eventa now in
our commercial Interests, have.
M SISIP ., ".l. mm w .
oplaloa, rcodered tuch a measure
'aVaWMtatea hare alto been submitted for
' tssliaifill aad aalarire of charge d'affaires
mm republic of Dollla,GuilemaU, ami
-sat- a. z mm ... .
r. irra manueu imponance 01
ine the mot friendly relation
the independent ttatc upon llii
naa induced me to rccommeuu
'-Mtsriaticai necessary for the nialnte.
- Mmf a theto missions.
ks vVlswauiuuiend toCoagrrts that an appro.
-fJSMrtta be made, to be paid to the Spanish
iVgaMroeut for the purpose of distribution
ymmmm'- the claimant in ' tho A misted
..awe, i tntertain the conviction that this
jttitbj In Spain under the treaty of the gQlli
jtMabar, 1785 ; and, moreover, that, from
'tltatarnest manner in wbjch the claim
e to hn urcetli r lorifr rs it shall '
S,Vaaa unsettled, it will bo a ource of Ir. I
ItWMa and discord between the two coun.
trite, which may prove highly prejudicial .
It ftlLLi.M.i.HriluIT.I.Ilu..i r?-2l I
"1tJt4tCy.no let than a faithful compliance
MnnmKicaHvi iiiv I'liucu .siaicv uini .
1 whh our treaty obligations, require that .
aba fasoontrderable appropriation demand.
"WM ae maui.
A detailed statement of the condition of
: Miacee win oe pretemeu in tne annual
JJf of the Secretary of the Treasury,
K--riT "I " """"' '""
iSi.ai awn 01 June, 1H7, were or the
or IM43,B38, of which the a.
(ported was ts,01 1,158, leaving
l,ev in tne country for domestic
i vaiuo or the exporu Tor the tame
Mil59,We,d2a; of which 150..
I aoasitted of domestic production.
I MU.159 of foreiga article.
.ixweipe qtw .ine treasury sor ine
i auat4toar:o,aio,7no 37,
are was derived from'cuitoms
T3M06; Irom talc of public lands.
aw , ana irom incidental ana ,
at source. 9100.570 51. The .
star. during which this amount I
1 isossnsaj, vmoraceu nve months under
rallooof tbeTsrlfTAct of 1843. and
aauhe during which theTarifTAct 1
waa In force. During the five
under the act of 1643 the amount
from the customs wa S7.S42.-
ft 90, and during the seven months un.
";atbeact of 1810 the amount rectiel
net revenue from the customs durimr
J:HM .... .L i. .r n t P
X.- -' 1.-MM4HJ5 ui tiic iai 01 ucccinocr,
swso, ocing ine itsi year untfer tlio opera
aaonhetarifractof 1813,wa33,07l,.ltlie protective policy for tho benefit of oth
.v, onii me net rcvenuo irom custom
v, sfcriftg the year ending on the 1st of Do.
.'atnoer, iwt, being the operation of tho
fcjMiBTact of 1810, was about 31,500,000,
'iBg an increase of revenue for tlio first
Jfjar under the tarlfiact of 1810 of more
ill,. s0 RAA AAA .t. ss.t
aCj!?" tw, uw over 1 nft 1 01 mc uit year
) "p jtwuvr iikj mriu 01 isu
T Tiirt s.nAn,l!ll(e .1 .! t. !-..! ....
py T v-'v,'''"it im iiwm vcur
ding on tho 13th of June last were 850..
11,177 05; of which 93,533,083 37 were
account of payment of principal and
f saterest of the public dcLt; including trra
i aary notes redeemed and not funded. The
J expenditures, exclusive of payment of rub.
' le debt, were 55,030,005 VS.
It it estimated that the receipts into the
I treasury for the fiscal vear emlimr nn ih
rlSthof Juno. 1918. including the liilm,
'In tho treasury on tho 1st of July last, will, L' those who ha navigated thorn. Should
I mourto$ 13,090,545 RO.of which 31,. '" ratio of increase in the number of our
00,000, It is estimated, will be dcri.cd
I from customs : :i..'ill0.000 from -the sale of
f its public lands; 400,000 from incidental) ""i ,lie ,lm'' ' "oimMani wncnour ton.
aaurors, Including sales inado by the .Soli. '"'S0 n,1J coinn.orclal marine will bo lar.
I attor of tlio Treasury, and 80,385,20 1 55
fMtn loans already authorised bv law.
swbjoh, together with the balance in the .
jatsuury on uiy in last, maxe tho sum
Tba expenditure for the snmc period, If 1
trace with Mexico shall not
lot bo concluded, '
ad the army shall lc Increased a is pro.
potcd, will amount, including the necn.
aary payments onaccount of principal and
iatermt of the publlo debt and treasury
Bsta,ro 59,015,(100 7.
v On Ihe lit of tho present month, the
m amount of Ihn puhlio debt actually incur.
" red, Including treasury notes, wa 15,.
,0011 su, 1 lie public doiit duo on tlte
or March, 1845, including treasury
a, was 17,789,70(1 03 : -and conse.
Mattly tae addition mtdo to the publlo
tjtat alnoe that timn Is 827,870,650 78.
IXIho loan or 923,000,000, authorised
aot of tho 3Sth of January, 1840,
I o o.viuw.uuu was paid out to Iho
creditor, or oxchanacd at par for
MasjattUi list nrnalninir S18.000.000 was
WmM for specie to tba highest bidder not
r, ay aa tavertiseinent issued by
r ar the Treasury, and nubllshed
1 tha iboFebrutry unUI tho 10th of
I, 1947i when It wat awarded to the
several highest bidder, at pt'tmlaatt my
irtg irom t 01 one per rent, at two per aH.
abovopsr. Tho premium hat beat'pwM
into im treasury, ana ine tuma awarota
deposited in specie. In the Ireatury a -flat
at it was required by tne want 01 tne gov
To met the expenditure for the re.
mainder of the present and for the neit
fiscal vear, ending on the SOlh of June,
1810, a further loan in aid of the ordinary
reveuueof the government will be necet
tary. Retaining a sufficient aurpltlt in
the treaurv. the loan required for the re
mainder of tho present fiscal year will' bo
about 18.500.000. If tho duty on tea and
coffee be imposed, and the graduation of
the price of the public land (hall be made
at an early period of your tettion, at re.
commended, the loan for tho present fitcal
vear may be reduced to 17,000,000,
The loan may be further reduced by what.
cer amount of expenditure fan be taed
by military contribution collected in Mex
ico. The most t Igorou meature for tho
augmentation of these contribution have
been directed, and a tcry coniderable
turn i expected from that touree. It
amount caunol, however, be calculated
with any certainty. It in recommended
that tho loan to bo made be authorised up
on the mo terms, and for the tamo time,
a that which was authorised under the
provision of the act of the Sdih of Janu
"Should the war with Mexico be continu.
ed until the nmh of June, 18t0, it iiestl
' mated that a further loan of 30,500,000
I will be required for the fltcal year ending
on that dav, in cato no amy oe impoecq
tea and cotlec, and the public land be I
reduced and graduated in price, and no
military contributions shall be collected in
.Mexico, it the duty on tea ana couvo ue
imposed, and tho, land be reduced and
graduated in price, a proposed, the loan
may be reduced to au,wii,wv, e aa win
subject to be still lunntr reauceu oy
' iimounl of the military contributions
rhich mav be collected in Mexico. It I
nnt nntrw.l knwir. al nriant- ta ask
Congress for authority to negotiate this
loan for the next fisca year, as it I honed
that Ihe loan esked for tho remainder of
-i - . .. I .U..I I... II!.
Icontrihutlens which mav bo collected in
no nmrni fiscal vrar. aiuru uv imiiiarv
.Mexico, may le lulCcient. If, contrary
io my expectttion, there should bo neces.
sity for it, tho Tact u ill be communicated
to Congress in time for their action during
(he present session, in no event win a
sum exceeding 0,000,000 of thi amount
"" w-.ru UIU. ..." ..... . .
sion of Congress in lrcembcr, I99,
The act of the ."Will of July. 1818, re.
ducing the duties on imports," hat bean in
force since the 1st of December last; and
I am entitled to stato that all the bencd.
cial ctTccts which wero anticipated from
its operation have been fully realised. The
public revenue derived from customs du
rinir the vear endins on the 1st of Decem
ber, 1047, exceed by more than 8,000,.
000 the amount received in the preceding
year under the operation of the act of
1842, which was superseded ana repealed
bv It. Its effect are visible in the crest
ami alnwwf nnpssmnlMl nmsnerilv which
prevails in every branch 01 Dunnes.
White the repeal of the prohibitory and
restrictive duties of the act of 1843, and
the substitution in their place of reasons,
bte revenue rates levied on articles Im
parted accordine to their actual value, has
increased tho revenue and augmented our
foreign trade, all the great interests of the
country have been advanced and promoted
The urea! and important Interest of as
"riculture, which had been not only too
much neglected, but actually taxed under
rr interests, have been relieved or the bur.
den which that policy imposed on them;
and our farmer and planter, under a
more just and liberal commercial policy.
are finding new and profitable market
abroad lor their augmented product.
Our commerce is rapidly increasing,
and is extending more widely tho circle
of international exchanges. Ureal as has
been tho increase of our Imports during
the psxt year, our exports of domestic p.o.
ducts sold in foreign mtrkcts havo been
Our navigating interest is eminently
prosperous. Tho number of vessel built
in the United .States has been greater than
uring any preceding period ot equal
leiiKth. I.nrco profit havo been derived
by those who have constructed a well as
mcrciinni .csscis no progressive, and bo
as crcut for the future as durinc tho past
S" ' that of any other nation in the
Whilst Ihe interests of agriculture, of
commerce, ami 01 navigation, havo been
enlarged and int Igoratcti, it i highly gra.
")' loobseno that our insnufoctures
t,e m,,n n prosperous conditicn. None
of tho ruinous effect upon this Interest
which were apprehended by some, as tho
result ofthc operation of tho revenue ays.
tern established by tho act of 1846, hato
been experienced. Un tho contrary, the
number of manufactories, and the amount
of capital invested in them, is steadily and
rapidly Increasing, affording gratifying
proofs that Amoritan rnterpriso nd skill
employed in thi branch of domedio In
lus'y, with no other adtantages than
thWi fairly and Incidentally accruing from
n just system of rovenuo duties, are abun
dantly able, to meet successfully all com
petition from abroad, and still derive fair
and remunerating profits.
While, capital Invested in manufacture
it yielding adequato and fair profits under
tho new system, tho wage or labor, whe
ther cmployoa in manufactures, agrioul
luro, commerce, or navigation, havo been
augmented. The toiling mlllUt, whose
daily labor furnlshet the supply of food '
"IM, VftMMMt Ml Ml IM HMMMMMI MM
ooiatanaaf lift, art fMatvhtg Mgbar a.
get, aat Mr Heady aad ptrmanatH tin.
Soy met, than la any other oouatry, or
at any previous period of our ovavUttory .
Bo tucceasftil have been all branohet of
our Induttrji that a foreign war, which
generally dimttltMr the resource or a
nation, baa In no tjtteedlal degree retard,
ed our onward progre,or checked our
With tuch gratifying evidences ofpro.
parity, and of tho successful operation
of the revenue act of IMS, every contld.
eration of publlo policy recommend that
it ahall remain unchanged. It I hoped
that the ayttem of impost dulie which it
established may be regarded a the per
manent policy of the country and that the
great interest alTccted by it may not a.
gain bo subject to be injuriously diturled,
at they have heretofore been, by frequent
and sometimes sudden change.
For the purpose of incrcasini! the reve.
nue, and without changing or modifying
tho rate imposed by the act of IHttt, on
tho dutiable articles embraced by II pro
visions, I again recommend to your (atom
Me consideration the expediency of levy.
Ing a revenue duty on tea ami ecflee.
The policy which exempted these article
Irom duty during peace, and when tin
revenue to be derived from them was not
needed, cease to cxitt when tho country
I engaged In war, and require tlm use of
an it available resource, it Is a tax
which would bo so generally dltTusctl at
mong tho people, that it would bo loll op
pressitelyby none, and bo complained of
by none. It i believed that there are not
,..,,-, a ,, ,.,
in tholUt of Imported articles, any which
are into properly the subject of war du.
llos, tlian tea anuconcc.
It iscslimatetl that three million ofdol.
lar would be derived annually by a mod.
erato duly imposed 00 tlieso aruclrs.
Should Congrets avail itself of this ad.
ditional source of rcrenue, not only Mould
the amount q( the publlo loan rendered
necessary hy tho war with Mexico be tli.
ininishrd to that extent, but the public
crcdil.and the public confidence In tho a.
bilily and determination of the govern-
ment to meet all its engagement prompt,
ly, would be more firmly established, and '
tbo reduced amount or the lean w rucli it
mayflie necessary to negotiate could prob.
ably be obtained at cheaper rates.
Congress it therefore called upon tn de
termine whether it i wiser to Iniioe the
war duties recommended, or, by nmittim;
Io do to, increase the public debt annually ,
three million of dollars so long as loans
hall be required to prosecute tho war, ami
afterward provide, in some other form, to
pay the semi-annual interest upon it,
and ultimately to extinguish the princi
pal. If, In addition to these duties, Con
gnat should graduate and reduce the
price of tuch of the public lands as ex
perience hat proved will not command the
prices placed upon them by the govern
ment, an additional annual income to tho
treasury of between half a million and n
million of dollars, it is estimated, would
bo derived from this source. Should bold
measures receive the sanction of Congress,
the annual amount of the public debt ue.
ceaaarv In Im rAntrartsrl durlnir tho ron.
tinuance of tha war would be reduced
.... ... MM , ..
near lour minion 01 aotiare. inonutics
recommended to be levied on tea and cof
fee, it Is proposed shall bo limited In their
duration to the end of tho war, and until
the publfo debt rendered necessary to Ik
contracted by II shall be discharged. The
amount of the public debt to bo contracted
should be limited to the lowest practical
turn, and mould be extinguished as tail)
after the conclusion of the war as the
means of the treasury will permit.
With tlds vlow, it l"Tccominended that,
at soon as the war shsVJ Ijo over, all the
surplus In the treasury noVneeded for nth
cr indispensable object, niall constitute
a sinking fund awl bo appllcHjo tlio pur.
chase of the funded debt, and that author.
ity be conferred by law for that purpose.
The act of tho 6th of August, 1840, "to
cttablith a warehousing system," has
been in operation more Shan a year and
k....Ji . 1. - tm ...... .,;.;t:..'... L
theiaritTaclofl948,ln augmenting the
revenue and extendins tho commerce of
Ihocountry. WhUst It tended to enlarce
v. . . . .. f
commerce, it has been bencfic a to nur
' .. .... .
mnnufacturcs. by ilmnishns forced ssrs
.1 .-llnr.r Cklnn n,wl. , lnu, nri,.n.
to raise the duties to bo advanced on Ihem
and by checking fluctuations in tho mn
Kct. the system lliouch sanction'
iiiu rjaMJcririica ui uu crcMuinriL'i. wm rii.
s.a.A.BB..i r .. si. ... . ..a : . ...
liroly now in the United .States, and is sus.
.mIM. nrimnm.emeni In ,,n ,.r !,.
fl .... ' '
I provision. The Secretary of the Trcns.
ury, upon whom was dnvolvod largo ills,
crrtlon'ary power in carrying ihi, meature
Into cftoel. hat co ecled. nnd Is now t.,1
lecting, the practical remit nf tho system
Inoth rcounlricwhWrcl. I... long' be,,,
cilabll.hcd.and will report at an early pc.
riotl of our aession uch further reguln.
liont tuggestrd by tho invratigalion, ns
may rrnaor 11 11111 more eticclivo and
Hy the act to "provide for the better or.
ganizatlun of Iho treasury, and for tlio
collection, tafe kerplnir, and disbursement
of the publio revenue," all bank wen:
discontinued as fitcal agent of tho gov.
e-rnment, and the paper currency Issurd
by them wat no longer permitted to be re
ceived in payment or publio duet.
The constitutional treasury created bv
thi act went into operation on the 1st nf
January last. ' Under tha system cstah.
I i tiled by it, the publio monies havo been
collected, safely kept, and disbursed by
the d I root agenoy of officers of tlm gov.
ornmtnt In gold and'silver; and transfers
of Urge amounts havo been made from
point of collection to pointt of disburse.
mto'i without any lost to tho treasury, or
'"J"' Incoovtoienca to the trade of the
While the (Ucal operation of the nov.
ernment have been conducted with mou.
amy ami ease, uiiucr litis system, 11 liar
had a salutary ellecl in checking mid pre
venting an undim iiillntlun of tho p.ipc
currency Issued by the hank which exist
unJorASlnto rhartors. Keiiiirliig ni it
dues, all dues to the Koveriimeut to If
paid Ingold ntul silter, lis ellecl Is to rri.
train exeetsitn iues nf bsnk pnper )
the bank diminrtiiii to the Hi'io in
their vaults, for tho n an that llicv nro st
rail timrs liable In Ihi called on by tho hold.
eroi iin-ir note lor their nnlt'iiiption, in
onler to ohialn sHvio lor the paviiunt of
duties and other puhlio due. Tin' banks,
thereiiirt', must keep their liiiBiuess within
prudent limits ami ho hIh) in n coudi
lion to meet siithmll, or luti tli" hurunl
of being i'nmH'lled to iiin ud speriopat.
mi'llt', and l tliiTrln illni 11 dlid I'll"
nniouiil of ajx't'io impiitiil into the I 111
led Males duriui; the List li-o.il unr i,
'.'l.l'.'l.'-li, of who h then-was mtaiii
ed III the ooiuitr) '.".VJ'it.lTO. 1 l.t-l the
former Im.ineinl sMi m in .ul. .1 11 ud tho
Ittlhlio iiioiiik Ih'cii nl.ii'nl on ih'iilo in
tanks, nearly the whole of this 11 nut
would hate cono into their aull, not to
Ik- thrown (ni
ociri'iihitmii 1.) them, hut tn
no niuuieiii irom ine nniiils ni Hie ixopie
as a ciirreuct , and in.i.l.' the husis of m-w
and ennrninus issues nf hunk pinr. A
large proportion ol tho p-iio iuipirled
has hcen paid into the trcusur for puhlie
dues j nil. I nller hntiug U'lii.tnu great! The nttentinn nf Congress was invited,
client, re coined nl the Hunt, h.is .ei 11 p.ud l tlnir lnl nnd ll.o preceding session, to
out to I lie pullu! creditors, and gnuc imnMhe importance nf establishing 11 territorial
circulation usa currrne iimmiil' the in.i. I iincriiinrnt uer our hmi'muiis in Urrge;,,
,,,,. -pi,,, ,, f u.,t, mi, U,.
I ,. ; r,.t. i.-..
" ' ' '" '" v "nni, 11 wiLii
,(,., Bt any firmer p.r.-l.
( .,.,. lM1l1 ,, ,),,.1 ( suill,( ,, ,,v u,
oonsiiintion.il trtuut has Im 11, thus i".u.
eminently successful 111 ilsi
to all us e
I rcciniimcml nn ailheri-nci
iseimal pmtisious, un.l esc,ully t.i that
.vital pruw.U'ii whuh win 11 v veju'rans the
'p eminent from all lonnixion with hanks
and exclude lank paper I10111 nil rce
nue receipts. 1
. f j,, ,. , uti , ,v.,t 11U. ,j.
. ,.rui.n ,irillulp(, ,10 ,., ,icf( ,.,,.,
UI , r,.(1ri. ,A,ii,-aiioii. 'h.-... de
fects, and such umeiidue nts ns an- deem.
cdncccMnrv. wcn-Mtfi.rlh in lh.- last uu.
liunl rep rt'of tho S-rrelarv nl' lh- Tiim
surv. These ainenliueiita'i.r ngsm rcc
umuiended to Ihe end) uud f.u..r.iWc 11m.
.ulerntloii of Congress.
11 1 .... . .,
...iiiii in.- i'.i-u -irfi uir 1 'il ni'i n 11
...:...... 1 ... 1 .... .1 1 1 .......
1, mi, uiiii !-. iii,iii.-ii , mis ,'AI'C, ijeil o i,.
1)0,000. This has cmisistnl elm II v m
iiincrtuig tin- nuns ol lorcign countries
into American cdiii. I
The laru'est aiivinil of fireign coin im. I
ported has bos 11 receited at New York,!
and if a branch mint were established nl
that city, all the fireien coin receiied at'
that port rouhl at once lie converted into
our own coin without th cxpensr, risk,
and Jelay of transporting it to tin, mint fur
that purpose, and the aumunt rccuined
would be much larger.
Kxpcn'enco has prut ed that fori ign coin
and especially foreign gold com, will nut
circulstccxteiisiti.lv as a eiirrenev aiiHinu
"' people Tbo important incnsute of,
1 ''Xb tiding our specio ciirreiicv. IjOth of '
-"'' nld silver, and of ilillusiug it among ,
ll.A ...r...tA ... ....!.. 1 . . .e . I I .
Ihe people, can only Im cllV-ctril hv
centcrliug such foreign enin into Amor,
ieati coin. I repit tho ricomiiieii.
dull 111 contained in my Im annual mes.
age for tli" cstnMishni nt of n branch of
tli' mint of the I'liilcd Stales ut the til)
of New- York.
All tho puhlio lauds which hid been
surt ) til and were rcud) fnr'm.irkrl hnt
hem prnelaimeil fur su'le durini; the past !
year. I liusiiiity nlTernl up, I to ! of
'red Inr na lujiler proclamation i-sud
MlirethP 1st of JMiiiurt list, uuiiilliits in
0,i:w,5:'l acri. .,ni-priisM.riiy nf the
western stati s nnd .rriimis 111 which
tin so lands lie will l- adtaiieed by llieir
sjneily.ale. Ily uiihh'diling thuii from
ulation would Ik- rtlunleil, while (li'iiisand '
of our enterprisi'ig ninl uk riturious froti. !
iiiiiiM-i, iiieirKrowiu and inureas" 01 11011,
lll!r l'l'"la,iu ''ld Ik- d pnted of the
opriorluniiy of mcuiiiki fru holds fur
'"." I; 'd their fiwul,, a. t ,,!. ,
1"";1"" ''l? general 1 'insider.itii.tn win. h
'""h"'1 lin "' wl" 'f this.; lumlt
tirnnns it is rt-s I) n. it. I a. I .
i" ( : " "-j-cim iiiisiimi'
l.il.. r..nnln..... u.. . II .
"-" a- p wiiiie irnm
"US kOliri'l', Ulel IIIIIH lllllllllisll. III n, ,,. ,
iiree, and thus iliiuiuisli, hy tlm I n. ,
, tho mil. In: I, mn lenilen .1 1,... , .-,
r)' '' tli- r xnstencc i.f a llireign war.
'J'' estimnltd thnt um .-s thnu len
millions of ncr.kof ihe puhli. lauds will
riitiiK.113 f.i imri l .i si...
!' it- iniiriit iiii tii h
' Mirieyrii ami ! in n innilitnui mbe
tiroclaiuieil for sale dim.,., il,., v, nr i ..is
In ,v las, annual .- .,. nted
tho rinsnns uhich, Jn my , ,,.,en. nn.
- Wed i, proper to gr..iiuJ...t,,,l ,. ,Z,
ill)' lirico I.f Slllll III' tho nuhlio lumls n
t ,. nrici- f smh ,,( il,., ,...l.l, l,.,l. n.
hato nui'ilucd unsold lor long iM-rind nf- J
r they had I.e., mlcrcl forsuloa, pub.
Ho auction. , ,,. , , I !!. Hmno di preihiliuni woro commit.
Aluri)' millions Of OCres Of lUlhllt! Illlllls.ir.l .Inri,,,, ,i, i,,,. v,r lil.m nur Irnllis
V.. uiii.in !,.. n.ii.,.r. ..rt ,.r,t.. '
"n " r 1 I i 1
ncs.eni Muni, nun. i in .men n in nn'iM, Wt ill llio Wlktelll llontlor ul Mil
market, nm. been kiiI.jii t In sale nt pritute '
in try lor ui'irti limn twnuy tiurn, nm
largoijiianlilits for morn thuiilfiirty years
nt iho lowest prico proscribed bv ll.o txi.t.
i..,. im..u ..,i 1. i...- i.... e.. .,,..i ii.h .1
-- " ".., "' .y n iiiililary lori'e, iirdernlnut lor Iho pur-
will not co.uiiiuiid that pneo. IhoymiiM .,, HninoDiiirugej huto been pcrpelra.
renialii untold and unciillital. d for 1111 in. ., U) KII,il)rl , t( arlli.weaitorii bands
definite period, mill a the pr,., , eu.nndi .(,, ,, titakur uud coiiiimialively do.
or iiiem uy 1 no governmeu! mull no re
duced, Nn satisfactory renvn ii nercei
veil why they should bo longer In Id nl
rates ulxivo llieir real vulite. At (ho prea.
cut period nn udditional rensou c.vltn for
adopting tho mensiirn ricoiiimciiiled,
When tho rnuutry Nrngugril in n fur.
ciern war. and wo mutt nee.istnrllv run
to loans, it would w cm to bo tho dictate of
wisdom that wo should avail mirsclto of
all our resources, and thus limit Ihn o.
mount of the publio indebtedness to the
lowest possible sum.
I recommend that tho existing U on
thotubjnet ufpro-empllon right uoimtod.
ed and uwdlilud so as to nperaln prospect,
ivuly, and to entbrace all who may stttln
iihii the publlu lauds mid makft Improve,
mollis upon them hcloro they nro survey
ed, as u ell as alWnard, In all ease
lierisueli settlement limy bo inadn tiler
tho Indian title s-linll hatu kin rMlugulih-
ed it will I'lnhriuv n Imgo nod meritorious
class of our oill.t'iii. It will luureau) tlm
iiiiiiiIht of small ftcohotdoM iini our bor
der, "ho III Im inaldi'd thereby to edll
cnto thiir children, and iillioruise'liiinmvn
ihrir eondllloii, uhllo thoy bo louiid
at all times, as they lumi ever proved
iheiiiM'ltes to Ik in tho hour ofdanger to
their rounlry.iimxng nur luirdiest and lest
tolunleer Mildier, crr read In lender
1 tit-1 r mtmcis hi rmfi nf etiiergenuy, and
ji; tin- lii.'it lolcmr Ino lielil as long as
Ian 1 ni'iii) ri'iiiams In he cnonuiituri'ii.
j Sin li a .lie n ill iilMiimiiress these patri.
,ntir iioi. 1T1 iinriiutn Willi deeper feelilik's
of uiulilud" lor ill'- int. Timl cure ofthelr
I p eminent, when Ihev l1ud their dearest
uili tests Mt-urnl lothenilij thnermaiiciit
I.iws of Ihe lund.au I that they are no loll
ei r in d.iuuer ol I iug their hiues and
h.ir.l earin d
linpr itiinriits by iM'iug
i.'iupetitioii with a more
s ni purLliau-rs ut tho land
, hmuglit uiln
1 iiii.I it is to In regretted that there was no
, legislation on the suliji'it Our citizens
1 leuisiuiinil I'll llir llini'Ll V'lll Vlli
, mlul.it 1h.1i distant ngion ofcou
. nI , ,, r, ,,. ul lllp I)ro,rc,i() o
; In", or any r pularly iirgauUed go
moni. ii mr -...c iiucsiioii 01 limn anil
1 lnuudiries -.' the terntJry ofOrcgon was
,d fiiuinc'y settled, from the necessity of
lh i: itindilinii, lie iiihnbitaiits had estuh
I lishcd a tcmpirary e-ncriiinriit of their
ji"wn. Itesidcs tlm want of legal authority
inr routimimgihr gnu ruuiiut, it is wholly
uu.hi,intc m pmt. ,t them intlnir rights
' nl-r. m I prnpeity, or to secure In them
1 ' "J '" ul nl lh" pnnleg.s of other
. ''l'"'". '" wh h tin y nro ninth d under
1 '"" v-oii.iiiution -u 1110 1 mien males
, l'l" 1""11'1 '"l"' ,,,c "K''1 "' ll,rr''!,. '"
" l,rr'" ","1 '" u '' rf"l""1 ' K'stature. and
I '' a ''' '' Knl (V"r' " ","1 -"
'be lights nnl pritibgrs which citUrns
'"Inth-r poilHMii n the territories nf the
. , 1 01 1 1 . 1 .. ..I
1 I uileil r-lules ise In retiiljro eiiinyeil
i In re tnljrc enjoyed, ir
ma now 1 1 1 1 . .
Ihirju heml system, riwunn laws, laws
rcuuliiliug trade and lut -nurse with the
Indian tribes, and Ihe prot'ctinti ofi.ur
laws geucrnlly, thuuld lie ettcndeil nut
lit ml. hlii 111 to tlm iiihubiluiils in that ti r
ritnr) who had prevmusly eimgraird to it,
larKeiiiiiiiliers of our citizi us havo follow
ed them dining the present year ; and II is
not doubtful thul during tho next and sub.
sentient tears their numbers will be great.
Congnim, nt its last w stum, established
, post routes li ailing tn Oregon, mid between
,ilitr..i nt noints within that territory, and
autho-ised the establishment of post oihees
at "Astoria ami such other nlacesiiu the
Pacific, within lh tetritorv nflho United
... . .1 .11 . . ' . -
I Dimes, as ine puuiic iiucn ; may re
iiiire." I'ust.iiHiccshatenenrili.igly been
'established, di put) mstliiastcrs Uimilitiil,
' uud protisiuii made lor the transmrtalicu
1: the mails.
I 'i'ho presi rtatmn f pnacc with the In
dull Irilxs ri'ldlllg west uf I ho llucky
louutaius will riiidtr it proper tli.it nu
thniitt thiuiM I gitin liy luw for the an
uutiii'iit ulan adiiinte nuiiibcruflndia'i
ag' t t reside among llieiii
I ricoimiiiiiil that u btirte)nr-gi ucrul's
I'llicn hn estnhlislicd in that tcriildry, nnd
thnt Ihe tuihlio luiuU ho surtcyed and
brniiiiht into miirkct at an eailv pcriel.
I rrcniumrnd, nlsolhal grants upon libe.
r.il ti rms, of limited iiiaiititics of the 1111b.
lie lands ho undo In all c'ili.eiis of tl.o Uni.
led Stalris who lntei migrated, or who mat
hereafter wiililn a presurila d period eini.
fram In t Iregon, ami stlllu usm Ihem.
.Theto hardy and adventiiroiiscilijten who
hute encountere.l t he dsngors and priva.
""" "f ' l"g "d luilwmo journey, and
hate M length louml nn abiding plnoo Tor
.....'... .-......., ..,. ...-...--... - , ..,., ,,i niesirvnt
................ T.. .... Inr. llt,llttf..lllllllll lift 'til till. Illll' il.n.,1 . .. .11
m.i .. ,K.- .,.. ...,..... ,......-, .. -
-mured 111 Iho homes tvliitlitlio) natc im-
nrnti d hv rinir lalsiur.
- f Oil till III Illll IIUIIH-S HllltlllllO) lia. -
I rufer yuu In iho nccuminiiting rr(K)rt
"Hhi-.Sieritaiy of War for n iKlailei, no -
,"""1 "f ,l' "l'"",,, "J ""' variou
.... . .
"'."""V" , '". ' ' " , t i.i...
'with lliii department under Im charge.
1. I .... ..11.. .in ir rtf HIi ffitllli I'iril
VM TJXl1. T
,, i """""' "",;"', TV J U
'" " .''"".. ','.' '?.', .lL" I. . " hUU
- .' """," ....
? . . ,. ,.,
I'uiilliu relulions t'uiiliniio to exist Willi
'", ,?" "" "'T V ZZiA ..f ihV.I
.1 . .. . 1.. 1' 1. .. 1 ..r .i..
. :... . T. .. .'. , ',".,'" ..'.:.
iruus oniu snpjiiits inr ine iirmyi on inn
Mlll um Santa I't
K Uu,n , rn , , ,,.. ,, ,,rrM.ncB 0f
... A y j .
I'ciivclcsxiicigbnriiigtrihcH, I'rompt meas
ures were taken to pruvont such occcurron
1:1 h in future.
Ilelwuii mm und tun thousand Indian
belonging losetnriil tribes, havo been re
mot 1 d during tint y cur from tlm cast of Iho
Mississippi io tho Louutry allotted to thorn
west of that river, ns their permanent
home ; and erraiige'iner.ti liatnhccii mado
for others Io follow.
Sinco Iho treaty oi'lt40wllh thoChoro.
keea, the feuds among them nppear to have
subsided, and Ihey have become more unl-
Ud a&d contrntrd than they have been for
many ytara past, TlieeommlMloncrs, p
pointed In pursuance ol tho net of Juno
1l7lli,' 1947, to settle rlnlius prising oul of
tho treaty of tri:i.V:m with tint trite hmo
executed their duties, and after a patient
Investigation, and a full and fnircanmlnn
Unit of all Ihe rases brought before them,
closed their labours in the month ol July
last. Tills Is Ihe fourth board of unmiiiis.
slonots which has been orgnnlsid undi r
this treaty. Ampin opKiilunIly hnsheiu
afforded Io all llioio lulerested In tiling for
wardlheirclaims. Nodoiihl Is entertain
ed thai impartial justice has been dune hy
the lain board, and dial all t nlnl clnims em
braced by llietrealv hMi hem eoiisldend
and allowed. This result, and iho liunl
sellleinent IiiImi made with ihislriho, uudei
the treaty of iHlfl, which will l (omiln
ted ami laid before you dm lug our session,
will adjust til questions of cwilmwin Im
Iweeu Ihem ami the t'lillid Kinds, ami
pnxluen a state of relations wuhihriu sun
d, wvll.dejned, and satisfai nuy
tllllor tfio disori lionnrv nnllifitili ion
ferred I Ihe act of the il.l of Man h last,
, tin) iiliniiiliesduoln tlm tarmus tul.i hnto
I imoii pa. during Ihepriseiil yisr in tlm
I head ol Ijinillns, inslend of in lli.'ir 1 hiifs,
or such iversous st thev miehl d. sicnut.
as iritilieil by Ihe laws piciinusly i-mh
lug Tills mode of pnymiiit has gmu
gerersl satisfaction to tlm ;rint I -1 1,1" I,.
Indians Justice bus Ikiii ilmie in ihi in,
and tho) are giateful tn the cuictiniuiil
for il. A few chiefs and lulticstnl pr
sons may nhject Io this uio.le nl'p nirni,
hut it is believed to be the mil) moli-iif
presenting fraud and iinpisiiiin limn Ik
ing prsuliseil upill llin great lodv iifcuii
mon Indians, constituting tlm iiiujuiit) of
all tlio tribes.
Il isgrstifyiug tit (lercihe that u 1,11111
ler of ilia tribes hare ricrully tuaiutestid
an increased interest in tha rMiihlishuu-ui
of schools among them, and me mskinc
ripld xdtrances In agricuttun -"ine nl
them producing 1 utricieiit quantity uff.od
fur their upKit, and in sunn' 1 a n -ur
plus In disfiose uf tuih'ir nigh!.is 'I'll.,
comloitshy which Ihose win hii- rm-i
ted eieii a very limited rdui nti u ami
hateeiigugtd iliagnculliire, un surr.tiii,.
ed, lend gradually toilim. , Ifiln ir less
ihiliriil lirelhini frum lh- jr.. in us
means nf suUistencr In Ihe 1 hat', to tlm
habits uf labor andcitiliratiui
The aciniupaii) nitf n rt . 1 il 1 S, , ie.
lar) if tin- .Nii prrs, un ,1 mi-'j.i,,-,
and grutif)iii- ut t unlit ni id. 1 p.i.i , i,
and iptitjlimsuf the natal r .luiu
the past year. Cur tnuiieiie li,i- I,. , 11
puisucd with men osr.l a. 'n.;v. nn.l u, li
safi ly uud sueri ss, in t i iiiiin,-i ,.-
Kiun,. iniin-r ni" pniieein 11 ! .iir lli.a.
whuh the list) has cans, il n 1
ed ill the must distant seas.
In the ti'ulf nf Mexun, ninl tin '. i,,-,
lh" utficer.s ninl inrii nfmir vjiiu.Ii, nslnii.
firmed tnliul.ta senilis nu tin Inn. I us
will as on wutir, and desene tin Ih.Ii
coiniiiriuljii'iii of the cumin
While other mainline mu, is ,irr a I I
Ing 111 llmr natii a Inrgr uunih. rs i.f mn
attaint rs.il was a ttnc (mint nu nni pan
ii make similar adJilimis 'in i.urunit
The four war steamers nutlmn-i .1 In Hi,.
aitof tho n-lnf .Mnteh. h7 are in 1 ur...
1 of cniistruelioii.
in auiiiiion In the lour war tleninerB nu
thuns'-il I.) ,lt u, t, tlio S i-rrlart l lh
Nat) hu in pursuniice ol Us piiitisi i.-,
entered into innlructs lur the nxistim 11 ,1
of lite teamers, tn he mpl m i IM il ,.
traiissiiutiiui nfihe I'luii it .Sim, s nm I
"fcom New York tn .im Dili an, t, ,
tug nt Chaili ston.Satniiiiuh. un.l 1 Lit . n.
and from llnt.inn to Chagrin , lurlhu.'
sleamrrs to Im tuipl.iy i .1 1,1 like muiiii. r
' uect witii lie mini from Hmuoa t., I In
ruin iiitiaiua to 1 in-giui, M, ns I,
grr, across tho isihmiis ; ' and r ,,
I steamers tn bo (iiiiihitid 111 lit., umiii.i r
inuil .suss- IIUK III l.ltellHs, II.....
.1 .11 1.. ,1 '. .. .
1, minif '.,11 in. um UOi itt III 111!' tin.
Irac' , but are In Im l.uilt "iiiiili r Ihe mi
I- .londc m e und iliri 1 lion Tn nnt nl , n.
Urucloriiillioempliiyofihe.N'iit) Il ,an
incut, and in l so musiruUei! u n. m,
dcr Ibcin tontcrllbln nt tin. ,. .,,,
exiiensa intu war stcnini rs nf tin 1,11
da... .. . , ,
A prescribed number of int.,1 r iHters,
ns well a a pott.ofli.-e ng. ut, nn- to I ,. ,,
laflfinl lf ihsitsi n .l . . I.
...... ,.-v ,t,, ,,,-,,, , nl, llln(, ,
-exerclso iiintrol oter the Hmui ships,"
I and "Io havo tho riulit" .'in iL.. il c.
tho rxclusite uso nud sertico ei the I m.
, led Hlte" "upon making propi-rrninp. i,
Milan to this roiiirai K.ri Hum Inr."
aa. .. . -
' IVIill.l tl...... a- I . ,s s
.1 i T "'"m-vup, wm i... ,.,.
doyrd In traniporlini; ihn m.nl, f , i-
I !!!!' ,.? ","1 '" f"r,,'' ' ' "
' . ' 7 "" """u",1 '"'"p nwtii.ii tn be pan)
I '1 ! ""''""'A1'' w'" '"' 'I1" ) ' " -'')
1 1 " "V, ,- H'"") nuuiriiiK II, In 1,11
converted into wnr.Miximri.: nml il.e ni.i.i
""" 7 s-...vrBcnoy riu.iiring it,
1 .. .... . I,--
" , '".'l",.T ,r""'"" !'
I t.flhi descripllon of our i.,m,Vn.ri e ''n
ll. .ln,n., il.... ....I .
.""""7 " ".' "" "nii.ri
traois inaao by tlio Hecn lary nf the Nm v
snouiu un tuned live other steamers uu
Ih(ined under conlraels mndo in purtu.
anooof law by tbo I'oslmatler.li. 11. ml.
making an addition, In tho whole, of H
war.sleamor, subject to be lukcn for puh.
lie use. As further contract for the tram.
portallon of Ihn mull to foreign countries
may bo authorised by Congress, this num.
bor may bo enlarged indefinitely.
, Tlio enlightened icy hy which u ra.
pld communication with tho tnrious parts
nf Iho globo Is established, bv menus of.
American. built ana sleumerN,' would find
an ample reward in Ihn incn nun of our
commerce, end in making our country nil
its resource mom fiivorahly known a.
broad) but Ihn national nilvniitnun Is siilt
grrator, of having our unvnl oflicera mudo
familiar with tlenm navigation j and of
Having mo privilege or taking tho ships
already equipped for immediate servlco at
a moment! notice ; tnd will be cheaply
. . JUa-Af 1 , A tf W isSA.