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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 19, 1847)
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' Franoe MtMaderl 117,500,000.
Let us observe, at the eame time, from one
single fact, tks enormous difference in tho re
sources of tho two countries, for the aupply
of such heevry public burdens. Looking
till at 1844, as a mean of comparison, I
find.-aara Baron Dupin, "that the commerco
of Enckad, fcvorcd by a skillful system of
taxation, k so groat, that the mere amount of
the produoe of tho soil and industry of Great
Britain sold to foreign nations, in eleven
months, k equal to the total annual oxpendi.
tures of the Treasury. On the other hand,
la France, we enly behold an unlimited in.
crease in the taxation, and we have reached
posst at which wo require the amount of
iwesuy.three months or the sale of our pro.
dues to foreigners to pay our expenditures,
whilst eleven months, only1, suffice to the
oiQ. l. cour, nmi w. r. mrneox, mintis.
OregM City, Ausntt It, I 17.
To Couatroif Dim-We hare received an anony -nam
pctlcal effusion, the theme of which is "Home."
Tho ideaa an good, but the measure k very defective,
and the writer ought sot to desire it publication when
he might do better ia another eflort. The closing ven-o
ia by no means bad :
"Then wake to find the gay deception gone,
Aad rh, my keg and weary way to tread,
Like IriMril oak at ia aho world alone,
PooJerissg how fcaayy aw tho quiet dead."
"The aJvif ii of a Columbia Sabaon" we thall
d place fofiiaMihw iter. If "Pawator" would
emiiun bis tlemgfct mmer more, he would bo decid-
ediy suocessfal Seven! of hk tanzarve really ex-
Bono Tea om laViperaBcebyT.MjR.,we ahall
wive to make room for ia oar aezt
AwaaTssPss. It wiM bo aaderttood that payment
in advance wiM Jmeafler bo krvariably demanded for
all iacldwatil naVrrtMsg fat thk paper.
RxTSmnc or Clackamas Coctt We have re.
ceived from Sheriff Holmes an interesting document
ia rolatioa to tho revenue of thk County, which ihall
appear ia our next
Tn Laeocst Immtoiation Yrr. We hare infor
matioa by letter that there an nearly fieo thousand
teaMat-oa tho Oregon route, all of which, with the
i of ohm four hoadred Mormon wagon,' are
I for thk eouatry. We think thk rather a large
One thousand wagona will do for thk year.
Aaamx. or Bmhop Blakchxtt. The ahip L'Eloile
stuJbTsft's, (toning Star) Captain Menes, five and
a half months from Breat, France, direct, arrived in
tho Colombia on Saturday laet, btinging ss passengers,
Biahop Blancbett, fire prieota, three jctuiu , three lay
.aceahers, two deacoaa and aeven nana. No European
iatoiigeaco of importance.
On Baa Pilot- We are aorry to hear, after hk
iaaotatlgable eflbrta to diachargo aatiafactoriUy the du
ties of hk litaatioB, that Mr. 8. C. Reeve, our pilot at
wm Boath of the Colombia, should be interfered with
ami tho ernobjmests of hk office curtailed by an un
lawful competition. We look to the Board of Com.
lamsioaers, who appointed Mr. Reeve, to protect him
lavtlmiorferrflancoof hkdoties. We beg to call their
tlttntha to the 11th aectloa of the Act for the estsb
neat of a Pilotage, Ate.
. Ifewawf tko fmaalgratlen.
By the arrival, in thk city, of two gentlemen on
Monday evening laet quo from Santa Fe, end the
other from ike itateo with whom we have conversed,
we'gteaa tho following ItformaUoin
The head wagons of the immigration were left, oa
tho 11th of July last, within a day's travel of Kort
Hall, being a considerable Improvement in the rate of
travel on previous immigration. Our informant left
St Joseph about the 3d of last May, uud states that
there is upwards of tree hundred wagon for Oregon,
independent of companies that may have started after
There are three hundred and sixty wagons of .Mor
mons likewise, who intend tho formation of a settle
ment at the Great Salt Lake. We learn that there k
not a solitary wagon on the road for California. In
deed, one of the gentlemen who have arrived, started
to go to that country, Jnit in consequence of finding no
company botuid ia tiftt direction, was necessitated to
pome to Oregon.
The parties who left here for the states lost spring,
hod united at Fort Hall, and were met beyond that
place, pushing ahead in good health and spirits. Col.
Findlay's party, who went by tho old route, as will be
remembered, reached Fort Hall in 10 days leas trav
eling time than those who went by the southern route.
Gen. Kearney and CoL Fremont, from California for
the states, were met near the American Falls, on thk
aide of Fort Hall.
Mr. Palmer, who, but n short time since, was a citi
zen of tills country, and has numerous friends here,
we are happy to learn, k on his return, and has been
honored with the command of a large company ot
wagons, principally from Missouri. Mr. P. k bringing
with him some oppurtenances for milling purpose, I
which was partially hk object in returning to the states. '
As far as wc can learn', the immigration k composed I
chiefly of citizens from tho states of Missouri, Iowa
Wo regret to ttate that we hate reason to believe
that Congress adjourned on Me nieht of the 3d of
last March, without hating made any provision for
the peculiar necessities of Oregon. A'o bill has pass,
td no government officers hare been appointed. So
language k capable of expressing the general feeling
of sorrow that will follow the confirmation of this
news. Like drowning men, we catch at straws, and
feed ourselves on hopes. For oursclf, we ha e no hojie
that government has done aught for u, and we keen.
ly sympathise with our fellow-citizens in that bitter
disappointment, destructive to nil hope, which must
eventually follow the receipt of more full intelligence.
Can it be possible that the U. S. government k unin
formed as to our peculiar situation iu a variety of re
spects? The idea would seem preposterous when we
take into consideration the fact that numbers of intel
ligent and well-meaning persons have gone back to
the states perfectly avare of our incapacities and pres
sing necessities, and who would uot fail to moko them
generally known. The most important of these k our
relations with the Indians. Theo eoplo have not
looked with an unsuspicious eye upon our widely in
creasing settlements in thk country. Wo have already
had trouble wiUt them in rerpect to their lands, and in
several instances they have been directly informed that
their rights and interests would uwurcdly be attended
to upon the arrival of government thufalL Indeed, thk
certain arrival of a " hyass Boston tyeo" has got to be
an old sto.-y with our aboriginal friend, and they are.
already disposed to regard our repeated assurances as
" cultus wali-wali." Of a verity, the culpable neglect
of that worthy individual, our Uncle Samuel, places
us In a peculiarly perplexing predicament However,
we will not uucork the viak of our wrath until a more
appropriate time, and then, if things turn out as
we conjecture they will, won't we have our say 7
won't we endeavor to make Oregon a hot-bed to pro
duce annoyances for tho cool temperament of an un
The war with Mexico is still an uncompleted job.
The castle of San Juan d'UUoa had capitulated to
Gen. Scott Gen. Wool had united with Gen. Taylor,
and their forces were in tho heart of the Mexican do
minions, making steady and successful progress to
wards the capitol. Santa Anna hud mado no head
since hk defeat by Gen. Taylor near San Louis Fotoni.
Col. Donnaphin hud given up tho command of the
American forces in Santa Fo to Col. Sterling Price, for
the purpose of subjugating Gliiliunhuu, in which ho
had been successful. Col. Suniucl Owens, of Imle-
U'The most truly gratifying intelligence brought
from the immigration k that Mr. Edward Trimble,
who it waa supposed had boon killed by tho Pawnees
last year, while on hk way to thk eouatry, k alive and
well and comlag with tko immifranta. It appears
that he had been wounded oaly aad waa made prison,
er of by the Indians. He succeeded after a period of
confinement in effecting hk escape, returned to the
States and started again for Oregon last Spring, whsn
the immigration set out Tim joyful feelings of hk
family who have resided In thk city since their arrival
here may be imagined.
The Moatto.ia. According to all accounts these
peoplo, are doing up their Mountain travel in the most
magnificent style. They are said to be excellently
well organised and abundantly provided with all the
esseutiak of such a trip. They have a printing press
and printing materials with them and we suppose it
will not be long before Uiey will be astonishing the na
tives about the "Salt Lake" with a "Rocky Mountain
Herald." They have likewise a portable grist mill, as
we understand, which, when they are encamped on a
soluble stream they put in operation. The cut bono
of this we are at a loss to comprehend.
Fur the Oregon Spectator.
IX Notwithstanding Mr. Bell's attempt, In another
column, kroply to our remarks relative to "trespass.
Jag oil mad eJakas," whk appeared in the " Specta
tot" of tko 8th of last month, we must really say that
our views an quite as unchanged aa our arguments I pendence, the noted Santa Fo trader, win killed in tho
attack on Chihuahua.
We have a report that about tho timo tho emigrants
were leaving, Government were eulihting u thousand
men for the purpose of establishing Military kmU a
lonfthe Oregon route.
We have indirect information of tho pustmge of a
billxby Congress for the creation of a monthly mail
communication between thk country and tho States
The immigrants are biinging a very large mail through
with them, which k carried in u wagon expressly set
apart for it aid which k kept ia the advance- com-pony.
rmu srr ia ropy uuncu ijuviuuuiw,
Hstoriy pervertlaf aeaot, cannot fail to be but poor sub
ftsmtii for stubborn facts. The dignity of a subject,
as wal as the moral purpose involved ia its illustration,
ought aaver to be loot sight of, much less sunk aud dis
torts I the mere gratification of an expression of
XM m mr. ueua privilege to be displeased wiUt
citizens of Clackamas county in town
j but we are rather sceptical as to
any difference In the issue. Tho
eke popular mind k too strong to bo
ce or overcome by error,
Lady Ihou'rt beautiful ! thy presence giveth
A joyous feeling to my care-worn heart ;
In thy bright glance I feel my spirit livotli
And k encouraged to perform its part
Thou may'st not know who thus thy praise k singing
In strains that should with rick expression teem,
It is enough, that unto him 'tk brmgtag
Emotion sweet, as streams in wild wastes springing
To thirsty pilgrims seem.
Those ruby lips from which expression stealeth
Like Uie flesh fragrance from an opening rose,
And etery feature of thy face tevealeth
Some lovely charm that with perfection glows.
Thou'rt like the mem'ry of some happy isiim
That lingers on the heart that it bereaves,
Without that disappointment in derision
Of the Ideal's high aud holy miaxion
That brightest vision leaves.
A (lower of loveliness has been transplanted,
Whose home, perchance, was oa'r the mountains far,
Yet in a land where courage k undaunted
Where woman's fame m honor's guiding star,
Thk flower shall flourish, with new beauty blsomlng,
Twill love the spot where nature reigns
And in its brightness, joyously Illuming,
The world-worn soul, a nobler hfr assuming,
Its promise will redeem.
For the Otegor. Spectator.
Mr. Curb!' As tho subject of Acricul-
turoand the riiean? of promoting itarcofgrcat
importune towards advancing tho interest
of theTurmcrs in Oregon, ns well as bring
ing our rich and fertile country into an ad
vantageous state of cultivation and yielding
an uinple reward to tho producer, was the
object of my former communication, it there
fore becomes necessary that the subject
should be discussed in its different points.
It is not sufficient to say that any interest
will be promoted without assigning some rea
son how it is to be done The first great ob
ject is to create industry, to do this it will
be necessary to show its reward in dollars
and cents or their equivalent, to accomplish
tho two foregoing propositions is the object
of a "Pfoughboy."
It will be remembered that the causes as.
signed for the deficit iu tho crop the present
year, wero in part attributed to trio dry
weather in the Fall of 1840, the cold Win.
ter, tho lato rains in the Spring of 1847, and
tho drought after tho rains ceased in April,
up to tho time of harvest. Now to prevent
a similar evil again accruing from the same
causos should be tho object of overy farmer
in Oregon, and in presenting my individual
opinion to ho scrutinized und investigated
by tho groat number of experienced farmers
is a matter I doubt uot but would intimidate
tho moro advanced and experienced, there
fore let mo ask the fuvor that in uimlizing my
suggestions, that tho good may be extracted,
from the bad, and if only ouo idea has been
advanced that will bo beneficial uud promote
tho object for which it wum udvancod, I shull
feel proud that my suggestions have not all
boon in vuin.
Tho first object of every furmcr should ho
to inoloso and break n sufficient quanta of
land so that ho would only have ouo hull' or
a portion of his farii in grain the same sea
froii, let him havn fallow laud to seed ovnry
fall ; do not product wheat on the rkiuo IuiiiI
two years in succession ; let each (armor
break his land as early as possible utter tho
grain is harvested. There is but littlo doubt
if the laud is woll broken or ploughed during
tho suminor, that it will prevont it from bak
ing or getting too hard to plough at any time.
Ono reason why this suggestion is offered,
is that great complaints aro made and justly
too, that during tho summer and fall the
lands aro too hard to plough until the rain
commences in tho Fall, consequently the
laud was wet when ploughed and the grain
sowed in tho mud, it remained wet aud mini,
dy during tho winter. Ilcncoil is, when tin
dry weather sols -in tho Isnd bakes aud be.
conies hard. Now lot tho farmer plough his
land in the summer during the dry weather,
aud get it sufficiently pulverised, it is my
humblo opinion that by a proper cultivation
it will not again bake or become so hard hut
that it msyl)o ploughed at any time, then,
by pcrmiling htm to aeed his land at any
timo, pcrmiling him to experiment upon tin
time of sowing and ultimately selecting that
timo to sow his wheat best calculated to pro
duco the greatest and surest quantity of
grain. Now if tho two foregoing proposi
tions, (that of having fullow land and that of
having tho land pulvoriard so as to admit of
ploughing at any timo,) bo correct tho fann
er is placed in a situation that ho may ex
periment by seeding his land at any time lit'
Then lot him now white wheat in August,
September, October and November, let hint
sow red wheat in tho Fall, and both red and
white wheat in the Spring ; by such a course
of funning it will be easy to ascertain tho
best timo to seed his laud, f.he labor will bo
easier anil mora comfortable, as it msy bo
performed in dry weather and tho time to
perform it in better uptiortiorirtl, the bar vet, t
will come on earlier, and afford a Ix'ttcr op.
portuuity for securing the grain, by adopt
ing such u eoursf! of farming, the producer
will be rewarded more abundantly in his
liurveM, his crops will lie uvnr certain, his
own interest and that of the entire country
If Agricultural societies should be organ
iwd, the whole policy of farming could then
lx- ably aud properly discussed, as well as
the Kjiitieal economy so necessary to ho a
dopted by every farmer in Oregon.
Oregon, 10th Aug., 1817.
For the Oregon Kiwctator.
Of ull the evils which now exist in Ore.
gnu, no one I consider is so detrimental t
the happiness of society as slundcr and its
despicable associates liiquisitiveuess and
tale-telling. Intemperance is an evil, a great
eil, but the intemperate mini injures him
self more than any other, while slander bus
for its object the direct injury of others, ami
moreover often fancies thereby to gain to it
self friends and applause. Time was when
Oregon was u happy and peaceful country,
when wc had no lawn nor need of any
when each one felt an interest in his neigh
Iwr's prosperity, aud us far us in him lay
was willing to promote itwhen party uud
fictional spirit was uot manifested ; then
Oregon was a lund of liberty unshackled
and free, but now the happiness and peace
of neighborhoods are disturbed by the slan
derer. Laws and laws enforced, are ncue.
sary to sustain tho people's rights. 111. will
manifested in overy guiso is tho result, and
well will it bo if it ends here.
A slanderer is indicated by making enqui
ries which do not at ull rclato to his or her
business by making remarks of others
which do not concern himself nor tho person
spoken to, and particularly his coming to you
"infrieniUhip to tell what others have said
against you, when ho will generally begin
by saying "l felt it my duty to tell you,"
or "I could not puss without letting you know
it." Such a person I dread as I would a vi
per. A wise, educated, and strong mind will
never slander, nor in any wise engage in tat
tling, but will leave this low business to those
to whom it belongs viz : silly women and
fools. This state of backbiting in Oregon,
has been begotten by peoplo who have come
I hero within a foW years whoso minds are
us uneducated us their own vocabulary, ami
as deop as tho black on their shoos, who are
"loiorrful" in collecting a "right smart
strrnntli" of talk and understanding "mighty
well" how to "oc" it about tb each olhor's
houses 'till it amounts to a "heap," und who
will when defeated urgo their 'brutes" past
your house as though pursued by tho shall
ow of llioir own tioformity, and with their
eyes peeping nt yount tho vory brim of their
hats, us though they fearod to bohold tho un
scathed visagu of thoso thoy hate.
From audi may Oregon soon recover her.
self. M. J. 13.