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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View Entire Issue (July 18, 1868)
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OREGON CSTvOMEGON, SATURDAY, JULY 18,
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l)c lUcckln (enterprise.
PCB1.ISHED EVEKY SATURDAY MORNING
By D. C. IRELAND,
Vt'ftCE: South east corner of Fifth and
iJain- streets, in the building lately known
the Court House, Oregon City, Oregon.
Terms of Subscription.
"One eopv, one year in advance. .
" il delayed. .
Terms of Advertising.
I 'Transient advertisements, per square
i (12 lines or less) first insertion . ..?2 30
; For each subsequent insertion 1 00
v Uusiness Cards one square per nnnum
payable quarterly I2 00
t One column per annum 1-0 00
5 One half column " 60,-"
J One quarter " " - 40 00
Ltg il advertising at the established rates.
j Book and Job Printing !
i rIIE E X TE 11 P II I S E O I" PICE
supplied with every requisite for floing
' ' a superior style of work, and is constant-
It aecumiihiiin? nw and beautiful styles
I of material, and is prepared lor every
I variety of
I rofiK and Jon
. q AT SATISFACTORY I'URIIS.
ji?F The Public are invited to call nnd
;s rvAinine both our specimens and facilities
' for doing work.
? Ji U SNESS CARDS.
Dr. F. Barclay, Til. R. C. L.v
i Formerly Surgeon to the Hon. II. 1J. Co.)
J OFFICE: At llcsldenre,
i Main Street . Oregon City.
j J. WELCH,
I P(nminentl Loi-uhd at Oregon City, Oregon.
Rooms with Dr. Salfarans, on Main street.
' oswkuo, oukuos.
. JOHN' SC1).IK Proprietor,
' 1 A wow prepared to receive and entertain
1 all who may favor him with their patron
age. The House is New and the Koonis are
evly and Xeal'y Furnished. The Table
will be supplied with all tlie delicacies of
; the season. Tlie Ihmse is situated near the
.strainer lundTt):;. Tiie proprietor will at all
times endeavor" to irive entire satisfaction to
all who may favor him with a call, and
. '.would respectfully solicit the patronage of
th Traveling Pub:. " 4l:tf.
Hoard per week i 0''
i Itonrd itnd Lodging ii "0
; Siuglo Meals .". 50
; OREGOiN HOUSE,
.Main Street Oregon City.
JACOB B0EHM, Proprietor.
4 KST.iiLi.sui:t) is."7.
i ttEDCCTIO.-W IV PKICES!
Th undersigned wishes to give notice
th it trmu .Saturday, October 5th, ! -(17, prices
j nt ihti above Ikhisc will be as follows :
i iW.ird and Lodging per week f o ."
t Hoard without IodgiMg 4 '
.4 Hoard and Lodgin a wr day 1 on
" " J A CO U liOKHM.
Oregon City, Oct. 3d, 157. ."0:tf
Xwbi opposite If Wen Fadoru,
i w u. wnm-:,
". T. 11 11 OA 1 11CS, f 1 wi'Hesors.
4 Oregon City, Oregon.
We invite thecitizons of Oregon City, and
it'.c traveling public, to irive us a share of
t thfir patnae. Meals can be had at all
t liuuns t please the naosi fastidious 15
; Notic3 to the Public.
IIIAVli this day closed the Uarlov.' Itottse
hi f'aver of the Cliff House. lKpe my
I uliWust-inners will give their liberal patton
"s ac! to the above well kept house. They
l"ill tind Messrs. "White & Khoades always
j wi bantl to make gu-csts comfortable.
JOHN M. BACON,
'JiitQe of t lis Peace cl' Ctiy Recorder.
fQUiee In the Court House and City
I Council Ltootn, Oregon City.
1 Will attend to the acknowledgment of
' e l, and all other duties appertaining to
tiie olliee of Justice of the Peace.
Retail dealer in School Pool's, Sla
J tjonery; also, Patent Medicines,
the Post oilice, in Masonic Building,
Oregon City, Oregon.
I v rimc.iu ii bUiiLUiij
3ttv j. j uii ana jj uiiJJiuit,
'A t ... .. '
I V ill attend to all work in his line, con-
aniiusr, buildintr. cte
I JOHN H. SCII RAM,
I Jlaiyjifacturer and Dealer in
j fXK SADDLES, HARNESS,
I etc., etc.,
Cj Main street, between Third and Fourth,
; Oregon City.
I rpll attention of parties desiring anything
I X. in my line, is directed to my stock, be-
I fore making purchases elsewhere.
1 Uy w JOHN H. SCHRAM.
iVf All orders for
or the deliverv of merchandise,
I J.r racititL'cs and freight ot whatever descrip
5' ,Ia"i, to any part of the citv, will be- executed
I promptly and with care. " l?.iro
I -W. F. HIGHFIELD,
r tstablished since lSt'.. at the old stand,
Main Street, Ouecon City.
An assortment of Watches, Jew
elry, .lmi v;eta Thomas' weight
Clocks, all of which arc warranted
to be as represented.
uepiurinns done on short nonce,
nd thankful for past favors. f.3'
v:g to SMITH d- 11AI2SIIALL,
Mack-Smith and Wagon Maker,
Cornpp r.F a t :.a t...,f..
,X".)rPfrnn P;.. I
r j-. -
m ---aw. vnv . - . . vrt"Mm
Riacksmithinj in all its branches. Wagon
making au.l repairing. All work warranted
10 ge satisfaction. (,"'.
At the Enterprise OSief.
L add & Tilt on,
"Will give prompt attention to collections,
and other business appertaining to lianking.
Sight and Telegraphic Exchange
On San Francisco and the Atlantic States for
sale. Government Securities bought and
L . C . Fuller,
Pays the Highest Price for Gold Dust
Legal Tenders and Oovernment securities
bought and sold. lOS Front st.,
xi.ti' Portland, Oresron.
11VROX z. HOI.ES.
HOLMES & SUNDERLAND,
) First street, Portland Oregon.
Manufacturers and dealers in Boots and
shoes of the latest stvles and best material. !
San Francisco and Philadelphia
goods always on hand. Agents for Howe's
Family Sewing Machines, and John O. Fcl
som's hand sewing machines. Needles and
thread for sale. (34. tj
Boots with Wire Quilted BgUchis
These Boots arc made on the American
standard lust. They never fail to fit and feel
comfortable, and require no " breaking m.
The W ire (JuiUed Soles.
have been proven by practical experience to
last tw ice as long as the ordinary soles. A
splendid assortment just received at
11. I). WI1JTK & Co.'s,
Boot and Shoe store.
".") l.'Jl First st. Cortland.
Thomas W. Kinney,
49 Front street, Portland Oregon
I NE S AND LIQUOR S5!
Is constantly in receipt of Pure Whiskevs
direct from tlie Atlantic States, ana can ofler
to the trade belter inducements than any
other house in Portland.
i. it. mi.
l. niLimr ucn.
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE HEALERS I.V
All Kinds of
Scotch and Irish IVhisLies.
Rum, Gin, Domestic Liquors, Wines, J
'Cmi frc:-?K , -i
block, Portland Oregon. CJ'J
v. c. johxso.v. r. o. m cow?,-.
JOHNSON & EffcCOWtf ,
Oil EG OX CITV, OREGON.
AVill attend to all business entrusted
t.i our care m any of the Courts of the State,
collect niouev, negotiate loans, sell real es-t-
""Particular attention given to contested
land cases. t.yl
BEN TON kTlLO,
Orejoji C'itj-, OiTgon.
Charinau's Prick Block, up
A. II. L'fcll.L.
il. A. PAKliEU.
BELL & PARKER.
g I KUGttlSTS,
AND DEALERS IN'
Chemicals, Patent Medicines, Paints,
Perfumery, Oils, Varnishes,
And every article kept in a Drug Store.
33.) Main- Stkklt, Oreijon Crrv.
Wed Side Jfdin Street-, bitwan Suond and
Third, Oriijun City.
GEORGE A. HAAS Proprietor.
The proprietor bes leave to inform his
friends and the public generally that the
above named popular saloon is open for their
accommodation, with a new and well assort
ed supply of the finest brands of wines,
liquors and cigars. -
ISAAC FA It!?. JOHN FAillt-.
FARE, & BROTHER,
Butchers and Meat Venders.
Thankful for the favors of lhe community
in the past, wish to say that they wilt con
tinue to deliver to their patrons, from the
wagon, as usual,
On Tutxdoyit and Saturday of ear7i icvclr,
all the best qualities of Peet, Mutton, and
Pork, or any other class of meats in the
Iiape I'lul Mills,
KEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND FOR SALE :
ERA N AND CHICKEN FEED !
J7" Parties wanting feed must furnish
heir sacks. ' . l:'-.tf
NOTICE TO ALL
Y1 HO WANT
First Class Fine or Coarse
Boots 2B2sd SlaocsJ
Made or Itepaired. Especial care and at
tention paid to orders for fine work, such as
Ladies' and Misses Fine Gaiters, Cents' Fine
French Calf Boots, etc.
Orders solicited from abroad will be
executed wi'h neatness and dispatch.
ThliWILLIUER A, SMITH,
4.1.tf Green st., Oswego. Oregon
A. J. MONROE. V. A. K. M ELLEN".
MONROE 1 MELLEN,
Dealers in California, Vermont, and
Italian Marbles, Obelisks, Monu
merits, Head and Foot stones,
Mantles and Furniture Marble furnished
to order. I t
RANCH FOR SALE.
SITUATED BETWEEN TIIE CLACK
amas and the
OREGON CITY TOWN PLAT !
In the vicinity of the place of T. J. Ilunsaker
3rf Will be sold cheap for cash
Vpnly to LEVY & FECI! UEIMEK,
-r1 Main street. Oregon City
DILLS CO. CAMP CO. HOGAX CO.
Portland Bray and Hack Co.,
Omse at Dray and Ifttci Stables,
Cor. Stark and Second sis, Portland.
Z'-r All business intrusted to us executed
with care and dispatch. o commissions
charred on freight advauccd. Orders for
J hacks prowptly attended to, day or night.
May droops beneath a sodden sky,
Her locks are dank with rueful rain;
And the bright joy-look of her eye
Is darkened by a transient pain.
But suns ere long will shine, and show
The Summer promise fresher still,
For rains that fall and winds that blow,
By the All-wise Dispenser's will.
Spring yet shall shake her locks in glee,
And scatter diamonds o'er the sod;
And, ere she leaves its, Summer-free,
Reflect, undiinined, the smile of God.
So, darling, though a passing cloud
Obscure the halcyon blue of life,
And tear-rains fall, and angers loud
Rage, like east winds, in stormy strife
Yet soon, be sure, Love's sun will break
Clear through the welkin's clouded dun,
And in our hearts a Summer make,
Far richer that it thus begun.
"Woodex Walls." Almost every
nation attributes a portion of its glory
to its sea battles. Wooden walls
i nave Dn ino protection OI commerce,
j amj lhey have been lhe means ot
; . .
siroymg n, nation oy trie destruction
of its commerce. Holland and Genoa
were great with them -without them
they are simply what they are.
Whilst the figure of " wooden walls"
may find application for a long time
in story, the day of its practical ap
plicability has passed. They are no
Ioi!Ser tIie Pre of nations, nor their
protection. America broke the charm
that hung around the three decked
fiftyNfour. Her iron walls supplanted
wooden ones. England follows in
her wake. Her admiralty is dispos- j
P. ,. , .. , !
ing of her lme-of-battle ships by i
gift. Ae say by gift, for at the
prices they realize the purchasers can I
make handsomely by re-disposin of !
them at cord wood rates. The Ores-
sev has been sold fdr i.oco. the
j Mujrstie for -,410, the Onion for
j 5,000, the Colossus, a screw two-
decker, for 830, the Brunswick for
1,993, and so on. Five ships that
cost 500,000 brought 31.500.
Seven ships of the line and six frig
ates that cost 1,300,000 realized
not more than 50,0u0 when sold.
If "Britannia rules the wave," she j
must do it henceforth 'with iron. !
" Wooden walls'
are no longer
among the things that are. They
have become classical things of the
past pretty similes of ancient ma
rine history. They were a source of
hope to the Athenians, but are uolh
iug to modern men.
Learn to Wait. Of all the les
sons that humanity has to learn in
life's school, the hardest is to learn
to wait. Not to wait with the folded
hands that claim life's prizes without
previous effort, but having struggled
and crowded the slow years with trial,
see no such result as effort seems to
warrant nay, perhaps, disaster inc
stead. To stand firm at such crises
of existence, to preserve one's self
poise and self-respect, not to lose
hold, or to relax effort, this is great
ness, whether it is achieved by man
or woman whether the eye of the
world notes it, or it is recorded in
that book which the light of eternity
alone shall make clear to the vision.
Trouble. We are prone to imag.
ine that our temptations are peculiar;
that other hearts are free from se-
cret burdens that oppress our ener
gies and cast a cloud upon our jo;
that life has (or others a freer move
meat and a less embarrassed way.
But in no one has God made the hu
man heart to control its thoughtless
song of joy; and the shadow of our
moral being rests darkly upon us all.
We cannot take the world as it
comes, enjoying what it offers, and
passing by its sufferings and its bur
dens with our lightest touch ; we get
involved in the deep questions of
conscience and duty, and the sense of
responsibility stills the carol of the
spirit, and suffers no man to repose
without a trouble on the bosom of
Quite a Horn. At Boston, re
cently, while overhauling the newly
arrived ship Pocahontas, the horn of
a sea unicorn was found broke off in
her bottom. Some idea of the force
which the fish must have used to
send Lis nose through the vessel
may be imagined, when it is known
that the horn penetrated a four and a
half inch sound, hard, Southern pine
plank, covered with yellow metul and
Our homes are like instruments
of music the strings that give melo
dy or discord are members if each
. 1 .1 -ii 1.
aie.,oUUllJU,Uj luej, wm au Ti- j
brate in harmony; bat a single dis-
cordant string jars through the in
strument and destroy its sweetness.
THE IRISH QUESTION".
On Monday evening March 23d. a
remarkable lecture, in which very
strong views were taken of the Irish
question, was delivered at Bradford,
England, by lie v. W. Shearman,
upon the subject of " The Duty of
Englishmen and Irishmen towards
Ireland.'' We have not room for
the entire address, but the following
extracts will tend to show that the
reform movement has already taken
deep root in solid earth, and that all
Englishmen are not agreed upon the
persecution of Ireland:
He said he appeared before them
that evening as a man whose freedom
to think and to speak had been
bought with a price. Now that
price was paid, he wibhed to say n't
his own risk, and in a way that could
not by any possibility incriminate
any other member of the community,
words that he had long desired to
say. The object that had brought
him before them that evening was
two-fold. In the first place, he
wished, before leaving England to
seek a place of refuge beueath the
folds of the stars and stripes, to ex
press Ills sympathy with the wives
and children of those men who had
loved Ireland, if not wisely, at any
rate too well, and were now in orison
for what they had done in her behalf,
('applause) and he thought that
a lecture which advocated substantial
justice to Ireland and the proceeds of
which would be given to the support
of those wives and children, would
not be a bad means of expressing the
sympathy lie (tit for them. (Ap
plause.) Then, in the second place,
he wished to utter a few last words
before leaving England, on the duties
of "2Hlimcn and Irishmen in the
perilous crisis at which the nation
harl now arrived.- He should speak
to Englishmen, in the first rW as
a Republican Radical, loving princi
P,es more l!l:U1 Party Justice more
.i .t t- i Tr
unin uie i-,mpire. rvppinusc.j lie
believed the fault with regard to Ire
land was not to much the - fault of
this or that government of Whig
or Tory as of the apathy of the na
tion, the apathy of the ruling classes.
(Hear, hear.) It was not right to
say that the Government had done
wrong here, or pursued a faulty pol
icy there, when the people, had in
their hands the power of choosing
their own Government. (Hear.
i llPnr All llin'i!, C n-in-t Wiwir f..r.l
bitteVy ,he 'evi rpsl,its of the j.ast
apathy. Lord Russell had expressed
in his recent pamphlet his regret that
he had not attempted in past years
some earnest legislation for the amel
ioration of Ireland. In speaking to
Englishmen, all would agree with
him that nothing could be more pain
ful to a man really loving his country
than the present aspect of the Irish
question. We had bet-n boastfully
egotistic: we had, or fancied we had,
freedom at home, an I we had been
active in extending and supporting
it abroad. Never had the fhg of
Revolution been run up, but we had
hailed its appearar.ee with joy; and j
we, a success-loving people, had wel
coined to our shores the exiles for
liberty's cause in 1843 with heartfelt
greetings. We had civen at our
banquets the.' toast, 44 Civil and
religious liberty all the world over;''
and Ireland, beautiful and terrible,
stood in the midst of the feast, and
answered, " No, not liberty all the
world over; for liberty is not here!"
It was commonly believed that the
Irish people labored mainly under
two grievances, the Established
Church, and the law relating to the
tenure of land. There was no doubt
that these were grievances. (Hear,
hear.) There was no doubt that the
Established Church was a cryir.g
grievance. (Applause.) That a small
minority of the people should retain
and apply to their own uses the prop
erty which had been torn away
from the great majority, was an in
justice at which the nations stood
aghast. But he was glad to say that
there was no need to argue this mat
ter, that the liberal party saw the
injustice of the present system, and
were prepared to adopt as their own
Mr. Gladstone's view for the entire
disestablishment of the church. (Ap
plause ) He was glad, too, that the
Irish clergy took this view, and had
had the good sense to refuse the
tempting offer contained in Earl
Russell's pamphlet. It might sound
very well for the robbers to offer to
divide the spoils, but it would be
well for the Irish nation and for the
cause of good government that the
Irish priesthood should remain inde
pendent, not the servants of the
state, but the priests of the people.
(Loud applause.) But it was needful
that Mr. Gladstone's lesolution should
be watched. There were two dan
gers that needed to be guarded
against. In the first place, there was
the danger that the money might not
go in the right direction, and then
there was the danger that the reve
nues given up for national purposes
might be used to replace grants now
made to Ireland, leaving her, in point
of fact, poorer than before. (Ap
plause.) The next grievance, one
that even Mr. Gladstone was not
brave enough to touch in a bold way,
was the grievance of the tenure of
land. They were so entirely a man
ufacturing people, that they did not
consider what this land question was,
eSpecjaUy to a people which, like the
irish wa3 almost exclusively depend-
tnt on the land. He believed that
,! the earth is the Lord's and the Im
ness thereof;" and that what God
gave to mankind should be held for
mankind. But the motto on the
London Exchange was read in a very
different w-ay: "the earth is the
Lord's" i. e., the noble's," and
the fulness thereof;" and that was the
way in which it was inteipreted in
Ireland. (Applause ) 'J hat meant
to say that Lord So-and so, whose
forbears robbed the people of the
soil, was kind enough, to let some poor
man make it grow corn, and when
he had doue so, then the poor man
had to pay a higher rent And why?
Because he had made the land grow
corn. ' Lord So-and so had done
nothing to the land. He was far
away, spending the rent he received
for the land he did not even smile
upon it to make it more productive.
It was made so by the toil and in
dustry of the poor man. Jf the land
was worth more, it was because he
had buried so much of his toil and
industry in it, and the fruit of that
toil and industry should belong to
the tiller, and not to the landlord.
(Loud applause.) And in Ireland
men who had lived on the land which
they thought their own, and which
really in God's sight they had made
their own (applause) - jf they could
not pay extra rent were evicted. Be
tween 1849 and 1862, 2S1,000 per
sons, tlris was Lord Huss-H's own
! confession, were evicted: driven
i from the soil. What did this mean?
! Some who had lived in Ireland knew
what eviction meant, how men
whose only riches were the improves
merits they had made in the land
were bid go forth, and no new home
provided for then; nothing but the
bare ground beneath their feet, and
the sky over their heads. They did
not go, they could not go; and then,
i protected by the soldiery, the agent
of the landlord came down and the
! roof was taken oil or perhaps fired
! over the helpless and the sick,
! C; Shame.") Did they wonder af-
ter that that the Irish complained?
But Earl Russell cold them things
were getting better. What proof
was there for this? Why, there was
tlie fact that in 1802 a greater num
ber of persons was evicted than in
1801, or in any year succeeding 1855.
But then they were told that the
evictions could now only be counted
by five thousand a year, whereas for
merly they were counted by tens of
thousands. Aye, but the principle
was there still. If they went on
evicting, of course the number of
evictions must grow less. (Hear,
hear;) If there were fewer evictions
now, it was dimply because there
were fewer persons to evict. (Ap
plause.) The lecturer quoted from Mr Mill
an instance of the evils of eviction.
What was the remedy for this
state of things'? Not tlie passing of
a paltry tenant-right bill, but the re
cognition of the principle that the
earth was God's and the people's.
Mri Mill had brought a scheme which
recognised this principle-. It was
that a commission be issued; the
landlords receive compensation for
tneir estates at me present value, ana
that the tenants should under certain
conditions, receive perpetual leases,
making all improvements they effect
ed in tlie land their own, being as
sisted in making those improvements
by loans from the State. If such a
scheme as that were to be adopted
it would be something like an at
tempt to do justice in the matter of
the land. (Applause.) But they
were told that it was revolutionary.
Of course it was. And then it at
tacked the landlordism; so it should.
(Applause.) Every measure that
sought to deal with Ireland should
be revolutionary. (Applause.)
Ths lecturer quoted from a speech
once delivered by Mr. Disraeli, in
which he declared the remedy for
Ireland's grievances to be revolution,
but that her connection with Eng
land prevented revolution, and there
fore England logically stood in the
position of being the cause of Iiish
Wrong, continued Mr. Sherman:
Le.t them have revolution, but let
it be a revolution demanded hy the
people, and enforced by the moral
power of the people, without the
shedding ot one drop of blood. Lot
them have revolution (applause)
but let it be effected by the power
of a united people. The cry of vested
interests would of course, be raised:
but what were vested interests'? He
would tell them. A long time ago
the King and barons came over, and
seized on the Vested interests which
had before belonged to the people
The king took them all to himself,
but after a while the barons demand
ed a share. The king raised the
cry 44 These are my vested interests:
they are sacred;" but the barons
said " We are many and we are
strong, and you had better give in.''
And the aristocracy got hold of the
vested interests, and what had bes
come of the king? Why, things
went on, and it did not matter who
was king, or who was queen; loyalty
wis simply a name, a symbol. (Ap
plause.) The Queeu had taught
them that lesson when recently, at
an opening of Parliament, she had
had her robes placed on a chair, and
those sufficed for a fjueen at the open
ing of a Parliament. Perhaps in a
few years that excellent young gen
tleman Albert Edward might be
King, and then they might perhaps
have him sending his walking stick
and hat to open Pari arnent. (Laugh
ter.) They could not say anything
against a sorrowing queen, but if they
ever had a sham king, who sent them
his hat instead of his head, they might
remember another hat that was once
raised in Switzerland, and emulate
the conduct ct William Tell. ( Loud
applause.) Well, the aristocracy
got hold of nearly all the vested in
terests, and after a while the middle
class said they wanted some of them.
Of course the aristocracy raised the
cry. 41 Vested interests, don't touch
them," and talked about revolution.
Well, there was a revolution, and the
middle class got a share in the vested
interests. And again, after a while
the people demanded a share. Once
more the cry was raised, ,; Vested in
terests vested interests they must
not be touched." Then the" Hyde
Park railings came down, and the
people in England got a share of the
vested interests, aud, perhaps, in a
little time they .would get more.
He would give a few cases show
ing how the suspension of the Ilabc
us Corpus Act was administered in
Ireland, and the friend who gave
them to him was prepared to substan
tiate every case, with names and ad.
dresses if necessary. There was the
first case of a man Who had been for
eighteen weeks in prison, and did not
in the least know what for. He had
never been connected with politics in
his life, but thought that he might
have been imprisoned because, the
only suspicious act he had ever com
mitted, he had once taken the wall
of two policemen and jostled them a
little. (Laughter.) Another man
had been thirteen weeks in prison,
because he happened to be the land
lord of a house which had the sign of
a harp. A policeman came in one
day, and suggested that the sign
would look much better if a crown
was placed above the harp. Tne
landlord said he didn't see it, the
harp looked very well by itself.
(Laughter.) 44 Well," said the po
lice m an 44 the crown had better go
up." But the crown didu't go hp,
and the next thing that happened
wa3 that the m.-ai was lodged in pris
on for thirteen weeks. Again a man
had for a lodger or acquaintance an
other who was arrested and conveyed
to jail. The prisoner left behind Lini
u pair of boots, which his friend sent
after him.and because he sent the boots
to jail, he was put in jail too. (Laugh
ter.) A woman, for they could
make war on women in Ireland, the
mother of five children, for the crime
of sending food to political prisoners,
was put in jail, and, as a last case, a
man was put in prison for thirteen
mouths, the only reason being that
he had refused to give credit to the
head constable of the district.
(Laughter.) These were things they
might laugh about, now they were
away from them: if they were among
them, they would rebel. (Loud ap
plause.) He could tell them that if
he thought these things could not be
stopped he wouid not go to America,
lie would stay here till, behind some
barricade, they might try to put
them right. (Prolonged applause.)
But he believed that there was anoth
er and a better Way, and it was be
cause he believed there was, that he
did not counsel a resort to the one
he had named. He had told them
how great the discontent was, and,
still speaking to Englishmen, he
would ask the-in to remember that
this was not a party, but a national
movement. Then this Irish national
movement was not a savage, or bru
tal one. People might remind him
of the Clerken well exploiters, aud of
the throwing of Greek fire, but lis
would tell them that the wall at
Clei kenwell was blown down, not by
direction of the Irish national com
mittee, but by two or three dupes ef
the Government informers. (Loud
applause;) If it were not so, let the
Government tell how it happened
that two of the m?n were in Govern
ment pay, how, Allen was allowed to
go free, and how the document given
him by another of the men was al
lowed to be burnt.
The lecturer rcfjrred at sotne
length to the fact, which he said was
proved, that Government spies had
tried to provoke insurrection in the
chartist times. That the Irish move
ment was not a movement against j
property, or aimed at a needless de
struction of life, was shown by the
fact that when some thousands of
Irishmen did go out on the hills,
there was not a single case of outrage
against person or property reported.
Englishmen must get rid of this
disposition ; they must let Irishmen
know that they repudiated the filthy
trash of the Protestant Electoral
Union and Mr. Whalley, (applause)
and considered Mr. Murpny a fire
brand that would be all the better
for euenchir,g. They must remind
Roman Catholics that England had
trusted men of their creed in times
of danger, and to a Catholic was giv
en the post of honor when the Ar
mada of Spain came to attack our
chores. They must remember these
things, and remember, also, that lib
ei ty was not for a sect, but for the
human race. Their duty as English
men, to sum up, was to try all that
justice, broad and ample, and broth
erly kindness, repentant and tender,
could do. When they had tried all
that, if what they had given was not
sufficient, there must be no forced
Union. (Applause.) If Ireland de
sire it, she must belong to Ireland,
and to Ireland only. (Applause.)
He knew that this was painful coun
sel, and that men would think it dan
gerous to permit the establishment
of an independent nation so near our
own coasl; but that was cot so dan
gerous as the present reign of in
justice, or that as at present, we
should have to hold the country as a
garrisoned fortress, and have the fear
that every second Irish soldier in the
ranks of our army would go over to
the enemy on our first engagement
in war. (Applause.)
Turning from the English portion
of his audience, he would now speak
some words to his Irish friends, and
he hoped that w hat he said would be
regarded as the counsel of a friend;
that they would take it home and
think over it. In the first place, let
them not think that all Englishmen
were their enemies. Let them re
member that many Englishmen had
trusted them, and tried to do w hat
they could for them. That when
their own so called members were
silent in the House of Commons,
such men as Mill and Bright had ris
en in their cause. (Loud applause.)
They had English friends, and he be
Hived that when misunderstandings
were removed, the bulk of the En
glish people would be their friends.
Then let them be patient, and re
member, that when the right was
done if they had only been patient,
they would start for the better. The
Church and the Land question, had
yet to be solved, and surely they
would be better without these bones
of contention in their midst. Then
let th derstand their cause in a
broad sense, riot as a merely selfish
Irish question bnt as the sacred cause
ot Freedom. Lat them look he
hoped they would excuse what he
was going to sa7 let them look with
suspicious eyes on that unpatriotic
portion of their priesthood, who bid
them narrow their course to a selfish
one. The priests who spoke on the
narrow side spoke with no authority,
because there were priests as good,
as brave, and as authoritative on the
other side. (Great applause.) If
priests differ, there laymen may de
cide. It was yet to ba seen wheth
er they placed the words of Cardi
nal Cullen whose Cardinal's hat had
been obtained for him bv the recom
mendation cf the British Government
before the. words of Archbishop
McIIale (enthusiastic cheering.) or
whether they esteemed more Dr. Mo
riarty's curse, (hooting.) or Eath-
! er Lovell's blessing. Then let them
keep their cause free from all vio
lence, retaliation or revenge. If any
man said they would do good to the
cause, by injury to property or per
son, then that man was a Govern
ment spy, and let them denounce
him as such. Their cause could gain
nothing by foolish violence.
THE XATIOXAI BEETi
The Manufacturers' Convention re
cently in session at Cleveland has de
dared by resolution against the
speedy payment of the public debt.
They claim that the true policy is to
reduce taxation Until the income is
just sufficient to keep the interest
paid up, and then let it stand at that
until all the principal is properly
funded, and all the States fully repre
sented, so that they may each bear
their proportionate share of the bur
den. Then they would have aslighti
ly increased tax levied, by which
gradually the debt should be liquid
dated. Suppose, however, the in
crease should be withheld? Suppose
the increase in taxable basis should
be allowed to pay the debt? We
should then have, say, 100,000,000
of tax the first year. The second
year this would be increased five per
cent., and so on. At the end of ten
years our national income would be
$150,000,000. At the end of twen
ty years it would bo doubled. By
this process in a few generations the
whole of the debt will be paid with
out burden. The per cents, of in
crease here are only for illustration;
they are much below the actual incre
ment. Besides, the increase of wealth
is not by arithmetical proportion.
The ratio is that of a geometrical se
About seventy varieties of the
oat have been named, and the num
ber is receivingadditions almost every
year. There is no single variety
which possesses all desirable proper
ties such as productiveness.superiority
of grain or straw and early maturity,
without much tendency to shed the
The "sturdy Democracy" cf the
West w ho went up to New York to
see fair play for Pendleton, probably
succumbed to the persuasive influ
ence of New York gold. Whom
can you trust to now?
When men rely npon philosophy
to carry them through life's last
dread oideal, they but carry a lamp
in their hand which goes out the mo
ment it grows dark.
The more we help others to
bear their burdens, the lighter our
own will be.
Ask your neighbor to subscribe
for the E::xERn:iiE.
A G.V3IH DIXXER.
Shortly after the war with Great
Dritain, an aristocratic English gen
tleman built a fine residence in the
vicinity of Fort Georgej on the Nia'
gara frontier, and in accordance with
the old country idea" of eiclasive '
ness, he enclosed his grounds with a
high tight fenefe. Here he lived like'
an old English gentleman one of the
olden time with the exception that
none but the elite cf the Province,
and the officers of the neighboring ,
garrison, were allowed to pass his
gate. There was a very good under.,
standing between the American cLu-G
ccrs at Fort Niagara and the British '
at Port George, and the men were
permitted occasionally, to visit back
and forth. Among the American sol
diers was a queer chap, who stutter-
ed terribly, was very fond of hunt
ing, and who was always getting in
to some sort cf mischief.
One day this chap tock the small -boat,
that lay moored at the foot of O
the fort, and crossed over to the Ca-,
nadian shore for a long hunt. Ho
wandered over several miles in the .
rear of Eort George, but without
meeting any game, and on his return
seeing a crow on a tree within tho
enclosure of the aristocratic English-
man, he scaled the h'gh fence, fired, ,
and brought down his game. The
Englishman who witnessed the whole
transaction from a distance, advanced
to where the soldier stood loading
his gun. He was in a towering rage
but seeing ther Yankee standing cool
ly with a loaded gun in his hand, he
gulped down his passion for a mo
ment, and merely asked him if he
killed the crow. The Yankee re
plied that he did. 4T am very sorry
for it," said the Englishman, "for he
was a pet. By the by, that is a ve
ry pretty gun will you be so kind
as to let me look at i.?'' The soldier
complied with the request. The en
raged Englishman toojc it, stepped
back a few paces, took deliberate
aim, at the Yaukes, then broke out
ia a tirade of abuse, concluding with
an order to stoop down and take a .
bite of the crow, or he would blow
his brains out. The soldier esplain-.
ed, apologized, and entreated. It all'
was of no use.
There was shoot, in the English
man's eye there was no help tor it
and the stuttering soldier stooped
and took a bite of the crow, but to
swallow it he could not. Up came
his breakfast his dinner the day be
fore, and it really appeared as if he
would throw up his toe-nails. The
Englishman .gfoated on the misery of '
his victim, and smiled complacently
at every heave. When he had got
through vomiting, and had wiped his
eyes, the Englishman handed him his
gun, with the remark, "Now, you
rascal, that will teach you not to try
poaching on a gentleman's manor, in
The Yankee soldier took his gun
and the Englishman might have seen
the devil in his eye, if he had looked
clo-e. Stepping back, he took aim
at the heart of his tormentor, and in
unmistakable tones, ordered him to
finish the crow. Angry expostula
tion, prayers and entreaties, were all
as vain as before. There was shoot
in the A merican's eye now, and the
Englishman having no help, took a
mouthful of the foul bird. One bite
was enough to send "all the good din
ners be had eaten lately on tho same
road with the garrison fure of the
soldier, and while the Englishman 0
was in his spasms, Jonathan made
The next morning early, the com
mandant at Port Niagara was sit
ting in his quarters, w hen this En
glishman was announced.
"Sir," said he, "I come to demand
the punishment of one of your men,
who yesterday entered my premises
and committed a great outrage.
4lWc have three hundred men here
and it would be difficult for me to
know who it is you mean," said tho
The Englishman described him as
along, dangling, stuttering, stoop
shouldered ugly devil.
"Ah! I know whom you mean,"
said the officer, "he is always getting
into mischief. Orderly, call Tom."
In a few minutes Tom entered,
and stood as straight a3 his natural
build would allow, while not a trace
of emotion was visible on his coun
tenance "Tom," said the officer, "do you
know this gentleman?1'
"Where did you see him before?"
"M.I I," said Tom stuttering aw-
fully, but retaining the grave expres-.
feion natural to his face, 1 di-di di
dined with him yesterday."
Tom was not punished that time.