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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View Entire Issue (July 25, 1868)
ORGOjV CITY, OUSGO, SATURDAY JUIiY 25, B.8G8,
" ' ""f
j5 Eljc iUcckin Enterprise.
) prCLISUED EVERY SATURDAY StOItXIXQ
) Bv D. C. IRELAND,
i tFFICE- South east corner of Fifth and
I Main- streets, in the building lately known
yjt!i the Court House, Oregon City, Oregon,
Jt Terms of Subscription.
I One copr, one year in advance? $3 00
f . A " if delaved 00
Term of Advertising.
Vrfilsient advertisements, per ; square
12 lines or less) first insertion . ..2 oO
Fnr each subsequent insertion.
5 jjusiness Cards one square per annum
( . pavable quarterly 1- 0
I 'One "column per annum i-'J "
I One column per
I One half column
' 0 Leal advertising at the established rates
1 Book and Job Printing !
i n-iili fx-Arv rwinhitp for rldinfT
? a M-ipfrioi-styli of work, and is eonstant-
ly accunni!iiiiff new and bcantii'ul stylos
I of matorial, and is proiiurod lor every
r;oiic and JOU
- AT S.VTISFACTOIi V TIIICK?.
Q r :
I The 1'ublic tiro invito.! to call and
i ox;iinino both our spocirnons and facilities
' fir doing(Tork.
A USIAWS OA III) S .
BENTON KILL IN,
Orron City, tli j;oi.
W.icc in Channan's Uiick Llock, up
Stairs. ("'.): tf'j
! Dr. F. Barclay, 11. R. C L.j
J (Formerly Surgeon to the lion. II. L Co.)
t OFFICE: At lUd-la-.re,
Main Sti'Set ' (,rogon City.
I teygzgb di:.tist.
TtriMn'.it!j L-jc.it el -it Ort-jvn City, Ort?on.
llooms with Ur. S.ill'arans. on Main street.
" . C. JOHXSO.V.
f. o. m COWX.
JGHNSCri h BIcCGWIiJ,
OIIKGOX CITY", OUKGOX.
Will attend to all bu. iiiess entrusted
-our care m an v ot t tie v., out is 01 ine mate, ;
v.Wect monov, n'eotiato loans, sell real cs- i
j t., ,.((. ' " I
"Particular attention given to cont.ted
,2-",,',S,s,'s: . - .,'.-y.1 j
h en i e. a. PAitUEU. i
33 E Li Lt l 3? ix XI S .
S II 'iU Q I 3 i. fe: , j
AST) IiKAI.f:t!S IX
Chemicals, Patent .Vedic'ucs, J'aints, j
-J Perfumery, Oils, W-rnishcs,
j And every (S;u:le kept, in a Drug Store. I
f s.i.i M'aix'Stukkt, o:;(iox Citw' I
I A D E S SAIjOOi;.
!V4 .'.'. J.r.f.'; ..-,?, , I -!( Stcond and ;
Thirl, Or, J. CI.''. I
G0EGE A. HAAS i'ro!riotcr.
o ' !
t The proprietor be--s V-uv-j to inform T:i.- ,
al-venunu-d popni ar salot :i "is opt In for their ;
Oi'i-diniiicdatnm, wit ha uuw and well assort
supply of the linest brands of wit
i .iui .- int ci-a: s. ii j.
JOHN iil. BACON,
Justice of 'the l'eace X City Recorder.
Odlee In the Cuurt House and City
- Council Room, Oregon Ci!".
Wil. attend to the acknowledgment of
"h'i'u-, ami all other duties appertaining to
to!Iice of Justice of the IVaee.
' 0 irrLSsiiKGr
i lulail dealer iii School Rooks, Sla
tic-aery; also, PatenioMzdicincs,
: and. Perfumery.
At the Post-office, in Masonic Building,
Ortaon Ci'i, Oregon.
William Brought on,
: CONTRA CTOR and R UILDER,
Jtiilll alrtit, Offoil Citj
Will attend to all work in his line, con-
t si.-t ing inu-t of Carpenter and Joiner work
i framing, building, etc Jobbing prompt ly
;f attended to . " CM
JOHN H. SCHFvAM,
Jtt Manufacturer and Dealer in
Main street, between Third and Fourth,
J O Orcqon Civr.
X rl",''':- attention of parties desiring any th
in tuv line, is directed to mv stock, be-
Jot e making purchases el -ew here.
00 " JOHN II. SCH RAM.
I CLARK GREKN2IA2I,
j r.ru-v, i5 Orayiaan,
I ,itsi o ii fx; o x ci rr.
,' Ad orders for the delivery of merchandise,
: r I'Acku.ies and freight ot whatever descrip-
J t-.. to uky par;f the city, will be executed
i i-rmat!y a;id wit.i care. lo.ijm
O '"'-''. to XMITf d- MA US I LiLL,
BLicl Smith and Waqnn Maker,
.? L)rnir nf M.,;, .1 'CI. ; .. 1
Oregon City Oregon.
Icksmithing in all its branches. Wagon
i .uu)g uuu repairing. All work warranted
i -,'ive satisfaction. (G0
I t,,p COXSTAXTiY ox HAND FOR SALE :
I MAX AXD CHICKEN FEED!
f - m W
i ' ai'ucs wauling feed raust furnish
1 RANCH FOR SALE.
A ftITl"ATCn r.KTWEEN THE CLACK
4 J auias and the
j w LIiY iOiJ.Li..!
In t'ue vicinity of the place of T. J. Ilunsaker
I Tn-;,, , , . ; , ,
I . v id be sold rhean fir ca.
I V'y to LEW -FECIi HEIMFR.
Main street, Oregon City
i' V SIX ESS CARDS.
L add t Tilt on,
Tiil give prompt attention to collections,
and other business appertaining to Banking.
Sight and Telegraphic Exchange
On San Francisco and the Atlantic States for
sale. Government Securities bought and
L. C. Fuller,
Pays the Highest Price for Gold Dust
Letral Tenders and Government securities
bought and sold. No. loS Front st.,
xi.tf Portland, "Oregon.
J. II. MITCHELL. J. JT. DOLPU. A. SMITH.
Mitchell, Dolph & Smith,
Attorneys ami Counsellors c J Laic,
Solicitors in Chancer!, and Proc
tors in Admiralty .
Office O'-or the old PostOffice, Front
street, Portland, Oregon.
A. C. CIBUS. C. Y. PAKUISH,
2s.,l'iry Pullic and 0m. oj Dctds.
GIE33 & PARRISH,
Attorneys and Counselors at-Law,
OFFICK On Alder street, in Carter's
New lirick Block. no
OP Vyf A CfTxJ
Attoentv a.vd Cor.vsKi.on at Law,
' IGii Front st., J'orthuid, Oregou.
"7ir.L ATTEND TO P.USIN'F.-S IX ANV
r Court i:i the State or Washington
Territory. Including business under the
Bankrupt Law. 7:lv
0- G. SKiBMCEE,
Drug g i s t a n d A p o t h e c a r y,
(12-3 First st., near Western Hotel)
1'uK'n.Axi), U i ; ; . ( ; o x .
Dealer in drugs, chemicals, patent medi
cines, etc. A tine assortment of English and
Preach 'Toilet Articles,
Perfumery, b' eshes, etc. Particular at
tention given to the preparation of prescrip
BYKoX z. ho'.kfs. jojtx s; xi)!:r;r. vxp
HOLLIES U GUBJEERLiiltD,
0o Pirst street, Portland Oregon.
Manufacturers and dealers in Boots and
shoes of tl'.e latest styks and best niatei ial.
San Prancisco and J'hiladi Ijih ia
foods ahv;ivs on iii.nd. Agents fiir 11hhm
Famiiy Sewing Machines, and .John (i. F:d
son: s hand sewing machines. Neeulcs and
thread for sale.
t"i 7 XT C m T1 "C T7 f
U ii ii X i t ti i i i i'J kJ ,
r - .. j.t i.n i . i:- i- j. i t. cu,
Opposite M cCorui'.ck's Book-siot c.
17 ILL GIVE SPECIAL ATTENTION
to the (.'oliect ing aul adjustr.jent of
aceoutit-, bills ami note.-; Neiiotialitii!; Inland
j biiis ; eli'eoiinti loans ; hellin-jr ami leasing
real c.-.tato ; houe rentiurr, and to the gen
eral a-'encv Ijii.mi.css in mi i:s urancnes.
A'l-i'-t;-' I' i' J-ll
VVin, ii. is, iiiiiliU & j Ui. !..,
Ofiice 9-") Pront st , J'or'land Oregon.
ror. Jfai.-i and 7A
! J. 3. UPT0II.
Attokxev and CorXril- I.OR-AT-L.W,
Portl iii-.l , Oregon.
Oiliee in Stark's building, opposite
Robinson Si La!:o
TILL CONTINCH THE STOVE AND
Tin-ware trade as usual, at the estab
lished EMIGRANT SlOKc.,
Corner if pnnit tmd Galium!
Porilaiul Aiietlon Store!
U First st., next door to Post-office,
Importers and Joijoers of Staple and
Pa)ry i)ry Goods, Grain Rags,
R'irl"ps, Eurni.shing Goods.
2-" It'c will pay ike highest cash
price for Woof, Purs and Hides.
Pront st., ne n- the Perry landing,
Reftlcdaud Tie-opened ly J. A. Mac
Donald. The best of Wines, li
quors, Cigars, etc., constantly
0 MERITING NEW !
Boots with Wire Quilted Bottoms
These Roots are made on the American
standard la-t. They never fail to fit and feci
comfortable, and require no " breaking in."
The Wire Qniltcd Holes "
have been proven by practical experience to
la-t twice as long u' the ordinary soks. A
splendid assortment just received at
11. D. WHITE Co.'s,
Boot and Shoe store,
St.-) I'll First st. Portland.
Thomas W. Kinney,
40 Front street, Portland Oregon,
I .,. . rn . ad n n a
j W f E S ANS L ! Q U 0 B S.
! Is constantly in receipt of Pure Whiskeys
direct from the Atlantic States, ana can oiler
i to the trade better inducements than any
j other house in Portland.
r. ii. im.nru koh, )
LOl lS EiNSTi-.tX.
! JldbUrg, OfCS. & CO.
ni eoETEas axd wholesale l-ealees ix
11 It stifle eif (fi"FiTi(
bilUib (il L SH.
Scotch and Irish Whislies.
Rum, Gin, Domestic Honors, Wines,
eye, tic., ac.
block, PoUland Oregon. (gO
S;ccv-ioer to G 'radon d- Co.,
Wagons & Carriages,
L01 aud 203 Front st., Portland, Oregon.
OCT Wagons of every description
, . i T- r,ti,' J.,.
with neatness and dispatch.
J Oak and Ash lumber, and all kinds
t of icaqon materials for sale.
I J , r , ,i
Oraers from the country promptly
j attended to.
There are many lovely things we find
In earth, and air, and sea
The distant bells upon the wind,
The blossoms on the tree ; -But
lovelier far than chime or flower,
A valued friend ia sorrow's hour.
Sweet is the carol of a bird
When warbling on the spray,
And beautiful the moon's pale beam
That lights us on our way ;
Yet lovelier friendship's look and word
Than moonlight or than warbling bird.
How prized the coral and the shell,
And valued, too, the pearl !
Who can the hidden treasures tell
O'er which the soft waves curl?
L Yet dearest still a Iriend to me,
Thau all in earth, or air, or sea.
xV Fixe PiCTUtE. Air. Wm.
Keiih, the celebrated California artist,
ha?, during lbs past week, been en-gng-ed
in paiutirg a sketch of Mount
Hood, from a different point of view
from any heretofore taken by artists
The view is taken from the bank of
the river Sandy, twenty or thirty
miles from the mountain. The truth
fui manner in which the artist has
portrayed the beautiful combinations,
serves to produce a pleasant impress
sion upon the eyes and vanity of all
Orcgonians. Instead of painting Or
egon scenery in its most unpleasant
and forbid Jing aspect, he has snatched
this beautiful gem of mountain scen
ery irom its setting in the wilderness
to place it upon canvass, that we
might see and admire, as it were
within a nutshell, its restless torrents,
o'crshadowed by the graceful ever
greens that " fringe their banks; its
quiet dells, filh d with an opalescent
huze that lends a mystery as well as
beauty to the forms a;;d tints that
clothe their rocky sides, and guarded
!y the grim skeletons of those tnon
archs of the primeval forest that have
been stripped of their leafy covering
By time and fire, giving to the dis
tant summits the appearance, of be
ing armed with a natural cliivcuux dc
friz", to prevent the stranger's intru
sion upon their solitude. And last,
but not least, beyond all else, towers
the noble form of Mount Hood; hi
hoary head above the the clouds, and
standing in the self-same spot that he
has occupied since he was ' a hole in
the ground " when Joe. Meek was
our Minister to Washington. We
are not well enough versed with the
technical terms, common among ar
tists, to enable us to irive this paint
ing ju-tiee, says the Unllctirt, but we
can safely say that it is true to nature,
which is the highest praise that could
be besto.ved upon it, provided, that
it came from a more reliable source
than our pen. 3ut, after all, the
--ketch is, no doubt, but a dim fore
shadowing of what the finished paint
iig will be. Mr. Keith is at present
ou a sketching tour up the Columbia,
preparatory to his return to Califor
Could not Appreciate. The nat
ural scenery along the Columbia be-
tween the Cascades and the Dalles is
often grand and sublime beyond all
expression. JC'riend W. relates to
the Advoca'e that while on board the
steamer plying between those two
points, he was admiring with a sotd
full of sublime emotion the grandeur
of the scenery; and drsiiing every
body else to share his emotions, he
addressed himself to a fellow passen
ger who seemed to be in a brown
study, and inquired of hiin, if he did
not thit.k the scenery was wondci ful
ly crand? " Wharf" said the stran
oer. For some moments W. cou'd
scarcely realize that a human soul
could be so lost to all sense of the
beautiful. At last he pressed his
point, " What do ou think of these
great mountains, and beautiful cas
cades?"' 4i in,7, them'll last a long
I'me.'7 W. gave it up and left the
stranger to meditate on matters of a
more prosy and practical character.
Defacing Public Property and
Furniture. If any one desires to
have a subject on which to vent his
ane-r,it is only necessary,says the Sen-
Unci, to go into the Court House and
see the seats and furniture. The seats
have suffered to a degree that is aston
ishing. They are not only defaced with
pocket knives, but with pencils The
most obscene and vulgar carving and
p nciUngs have been placed on the fur
niture until the room is not fit for a
public meeting. A law should be
passed in this State making it an in
dictable offence to whittle cr inaik
on any public building or the furniture
therein. The attention of our Repre
seutatives is called to this subject.
A subscriber gives the Record a
few facts relative to the culture of
opium.. lie thinks that the citizens
of Oregon should give their attention
to this source of revenue, as it is quite
profitable and can be easily cultivated.
The species of poppy from wh ich opi
um is made is indigenous to Northern
Mrs. Eunice Warner, formerly
of Great Barrington, Massachusetts,
became a mother at 13 years of age,
a grand-mother at 27, a great grand
mother at 40, a great-great-grandmother
at 50, a great-great great
grandrnolhrr at 71, after which she
lived several years.
Ask your neighbor to subscribe for
the Fxterpriss, beginning with 'Vol
ume 3. .
I'XDER THE LAVA.
Professor Evans, of the University
of Michigan, contributes to the North
American Review an interesting pa
per on Pompeii, in which he has con
densed all that is yet known con
cerning the City of the Dead, to
whose fate the recent activity of Ve
suvius, gives a fresh interest. Like
Herculaneum, which shared its fate,
it was fabled to have been founded
by Hercules, and some derive its
name from a Greek word, signifying
profession aud referring to the stolen
cattle which the great freebooter
drove into Italy Irom Spain. Ac.
cordiDg to another and at least equal
ly credible theory, the name signifies
an entrepot or emporium, which the
city was for the beautiful and fertile
country about it.
Elegant country seats, belonging
to Roman patricians, who habitually
passed the Summer in this delight
ful region, adorned the environs.
There were villas upon the verdant
slopes and wooded summit of Vesu
vius, whose sides bore marks of vol
canic action, but of whose erruptions
not even a tradition remaintd.
Sixteen years before its destruction
Pompeii was visited by a violent
earthquake, which destroyed many
buildings and frightened away a few,
of the inhabitants. Put all traces of
the catastrophe, except those to be
found in the substitution of a debased
architecture for the old Italian and
Grecian style-; were rapidly disap
pearitig when on the 24th of August
in the year 79, Vesuvius shot up a
gigantic column of smoke and vapor,
likened by the younger Pliny, who
saw it from Misenum, on the other
side of the bay, to a colossal um
brella pine, with trur.k of blackness
and boughs of fire, agitated by sud
den gusts of wind and flashing into
foliage of green and blue flames. As
the splendors of this phenomenon
faded, showers of hot pumice-stones,
so light that they filled the air like
suowflakes, and were blown even to
Africa, were discharged by the
mountain. Floods of boiling water,
mingled with ashes, poured down the
sides of Vesuvius in streams of steam
ing mud. Three days of dense dark
ness followed, at the expiration of
which the place which had known
Pompeii knew it no longer. The
city lay from twenty-five to thirty
feet below the surface. Of the de
posit above it, the lowest stratum,
about five sixth of the whole, is com
posed of pumice stones. Above this
are two feet of froth-lava, and still
above a fruitful soil has accumulated.
The pumice-stones were hot enough
to change the color of the wall of
some houses, but not enough to set
fire to them. The lata in hardening,
formed a perfect mold, which pre
served the impression of the articles
of furniture, the wooden carvings, the
clothing, the forms and features and
expressions of countenance of men
and women who were buried alive
more than eighteen hundred years
ago. So delicate arc these impres
sions as to indicate the rank and age
of one who made them. The beauti
ful head and bust of a young girl,
blonde-haired, and clad in a gossamer
robe; the body of a woman of thirty,
with a head dress of white linen, a
dress of light stuff, gathered up at
one side so as to disclose "the mold
of a limb as beautiful as that of the
Cytherean goddess;'' that of a man
of unusually large stature, wearing a
short coat, light breeches of leather
or coarse cloth, and shoes laced at
the ankles, with prominent features
and a resolute look, are among the
most pei feet specimens of these lava
castings still to be seen in Naples or
Pompeii. Specimens equally good
have perished in conseqence of the
fragil character of the lava, or ths
carelessness cr ignorance of the ex
cavators. Some readers may be
sorry to learn that the story of the
faithful sentrv, who was found at the
city gate, where, like 41 the boy who
stood on the burning deck," he nobly
met death rather than desert his post;
is a fiction, as is also the pathetic tale
of the mother alleged to have been
found with an infant in her arms, and
two other children at her knees. Dut
the journal of the excavation confirms
the reported finding of a pair of lo'
ers, whose interlocked skeletons
showed they died in each other's em
brace, and of a party of priests over
taken by death while banqueting in
the temple of Isis. Altogether some
six or seven hundred skeletons have
been found thus far, but only about
a third of the city has been exposed.
Pompeii slept under the ashes, of
I Vesuvius undisturbed for nearly - fif
teen centnrics. In 1592 a sabterra- i
nean aqueduct was cut through the
city, but the curiosity of tho architect
was not excited by the houses through
whose walls he dug, nor by the pav
ed street which he followed for some
distance. In 1G37 a Roman archae
ologist identified the site of Pompeii,
and in 1689 some remains were dis
interred; but no excavations were
made till 174S, and the discovery of
the old city was not fully credited till
17G3. Nearly another century elaps
ed before the work -was prosecuted
purely in the interests of science. The
Spanish, Austrian and Bourbon rul
crs of Southern Italy labored in a
mercenary spirit, without system and
without intelligence. During the
rule of the French, from 180G to
IS 15, some progress was made but
the most decided impulse was given
to the work by the Italian govern
ment after the revolution of 1S50.
Since that time several hundred men
and sixty thousand francs a year have
been devoted to the excavations,
which have been put under the charge
of Guiseppo Fiorelli, who ranks
among the first archaeologists of Eu
rope. He held the position under
King Bomba at twenty-three years
of age, but lost his place as the re
ward of his exertions to have the
work prosecuted with honesty.
Signor Fiorelli has adopted a sys
tem of excavating in horizontal sec
tions, whereby less injury is done to
the upper stories of the buildings dis
interred than by the old plan. He
carefully removes the several layers
of deposits, sifts the refuse earth,
which is then carried outside the
walls on a tramway, and notes the
place where each object discovered is
found. Where clear imprints of the
decayed or carbonized portions of a
house are found in the hardened mud,
he reconstructs them with fresh tim
bers, and he has founded a museum
where plaster casts of perishable ar
ticles of furniture such as wooden
doors, resembling our?, bedsteads
with panneled headboards and fold
ing screens are exhibited. Thus the
city !s now coming to light, in a con
dition as nearly it-sembling that in
which the Roman inhabitants left it,
as is possible. The visitors can ex
amine their houses, with their ter
races, piazzas and balconies project
ing over the narrow streets, and
planted with flowers and shrubs, so
as to form luxuriant hanging gardens,
and roofs covered with flat tiles, ex
cept where ou opening was left for a
skylight. He can walk in their sym
metrical gardens, where tho varieties
of flowers were few; where the shrubs
and trees were tortured iuto unnatu
ral shapes, and where the diminutive
area was enlarged by the plants and
landscrapes painted upon the walls,
He can go within doors to examine
the gay frescoes and mosaics with
which the humblest dwellings were
adorned, and can see the pedestals
where stood the wonders that assisted
to make art contribute to the Pom
peiian's enjoyment of life. The Nar
cissus, one of the three most beautiful
statuettes, in the Museum at Naples,
was found in a washerwoman's
One curious class of discoveries in
Pompeii consists of the inscriptions
upon the walls, which relate to all
subjects, from city politics to senti
ment. Candidates here announced
themselves, were urged by their per
sonal friends, or as the choice of the
mule drivers,' the carpenters,' the
green-grocers,' or the fishmongers''
guild. Even women and children
declared their preferences in this
way, and thus took part in the can
vass, though not entitled to vote.
Notices of gladiatorial short's, of
leases, or sales of real estate, memo
randa of domestic purchases, offers of
reward for property lost or stolen,
advertisements of all sorts, from the
low joke of the gladiator to the sigh
of the lover, and the trite poetical
quotation of the young lady of qual
ity, are still to be read on the walls
of Pompeii which served the multfa-
rious purposes of the modem newsi
Among the discoveries are a great
variety of household utensils and me
chanical implements. Over sixty
species of surgical instruments have
been found among them two vrhich
were patented as new inventions in
France within a century, and a num
ber of others superior to those of the
same kind now in use. The more
proofs we find that there is little new
under the sun, and that many of the
triumphs of our boasted civilization
are but reproductions of long lost
The Duke of Leinster has civen
100 to the Dorgan testimonial. -
Good whistling may sometimes be
heard, but the instances of its occur
rence are rare. Snatches of operatic
airs, curiously intermingled with
comic street songs, are the favorite
subjects of the whistler, and these are
generally executed with a careless
disregard of time and tune, which, to
any one who possesses the slightest
pretensions to a musical ear must, be
most disagreeable. As a rule, a
ploughboy will outstrip any well bred
man in whistling. Tho reason is,
probably, that he is never haunted by
a sense of the ridiculousness of his
face as he purses his mouth into the
form of whistling. A friend of mine,
says a writer in an Eastern period
ical, who enjoyed a far-famed repu
tation for whistling, was repeatedly
asked to exercise his talent at dinner
and evening parties. On account of
some curious whim ot his own, he
would for could) only comply with
the request provided he might be per
mitted to turn his back on the com
pany. His demand was on all occa
sions granted, whereupon he would
turn around and begin to whistle any
tune he was desired. One day he
was asked to favor his friends w ith a
piece from" La Sonambula," and as
was his wont, he wheeled round, and
fixing his eyes on the ground com
menced whistling. Happening, how
ever, to raise his ryes, towards the
conclusion of the air. he saw in a
large mirror before him the counte
nances of his auditors, some of whom
were trying to restrain their mirth ;
this was too much for him, and the
tune was abruptly put a stop to by a
loud burst of laughter from the gen
tleman himself. Whistling is not
often appreciated enough to be songht
after, as in the case of my friend ;
and even a performance on a teapot
is more attractive, if I may judge
from the crowd of people I once saw
in Oxford street listening to a bov
who was actually playing on one of
these useful articles. Oa the lid sev
eral holes were bored, on which the
young urchin placed his fingers.whilst
he supported the teapot by holding
the bottom with his two thumbs. lie
blew through the spout, and as I
suppose, the different notes were pro
duced by some pipes inside the instru
ment, which was affixed to the holes
before mentioned. Who would be
lieve it possible that tunes can be
played on a teapot ? A writer cn
whistling as a fine art, says :
I heard the Spanish Manola, as a
trio, whistled very well, in a little
village tavern, between Frankfort
and llomburg, last year. Three
rustics performed, and the effect was
not unpleasant. At the IIorns,(Ken
nington,) about a month ago, Mr.
Graham whistled a waltz, accoms
panying himself on the piano with his
left hand, and on castanets with his
right. It is now about six years
since an Englishman, named Charles
Groves, gave several specimens, in
Montreal, of his skill in whistliog,nnd
got up a class to teach it at a Me
chanics' Institute. Of course there
was giggling before the lesson actually
commenced, but it was presently ex
hausted ; and the class, with solemn
faceSj waited for the tutor, who was
trilling a few preparatory cadences:
The order came : " Gentlemen, pre
pare to pucker " as he pursed up his
lips. The class never got beyond
The Zanesville Courier says tint
a South American monkey, which has
for several years been domesticated
in a family in that city, recently took
the measles from some member of
the family. For several days before
the measles came on he was quite
unwell, keeping close to the fire and
shivering. His feelings were also
much hurt, and he frequently shed
tears. When the tneasle3 came out
there was quite a thick crop, especi
ally on the face and arms, resembling
the pustules on the human body. Af
ter the eruption the monkey grew
rapidly better,and was greatly elated.
He was unable to keep his joy to
himself, and went to different mem-
bers of the family, calling their atten
tion to the eruption, and pointing
with his fore feet to the place where
the eruptions were thickest. He is
rapidly recovering, and will be a hap
pier monkey for some time to come.
He will have a good appetite, and if
room can be found in his stomach,
will eat a much larger quantity than
usual, and will be doubly mischievous.
A clergyman who went in a
Pacific steamer and was seasick,
writes to tha Independent : " The
first hour I felt as if I wanted to go
ashore; the second hour I felt as if I
should die ; the third hoar I didn't
care whether I died or not; the fonrtb
hour I was afraid I shouldn't die." "I
It is remarkable how fast , the
Southern States are recovering from
ths absurd ideas and practices which
have been the real cause of all their
ruin. We see more for hope in this
quiet revolution of opinion, than in
any temporary expedients, however
necessary circumstances may make
them. The labor question was the
one great problem with the Southern
farmer, in the progress of the new
order of things. Of course no work
could be got from the negro, whose
only luxury -was the freeman's privi
lege of starving to death. It was
not possible they would prefer work
and plenty to idleness and want!
However, it has at length been dis
covered that the negro is governed
by the same motives as white men, if
indeed asf the Griflin Times humbly
suspects, "he really.be a man." A
correspondent in the May number of
the Southern Cultivator, after a year
with the free blacks, announces his
belief that negro labor " is the Lest in
(he world." This is progress with a
rush! A friend of ours, traveling in
Virginia, tells us that many of the far
mers there are opposed to their chil
dren learning to read and write, bes
cause they say the result is to " make
them good-for-nothing for farm-work!"
But if a few of our countrymen have
not yet progressed beyond this no
tion, it is at least consoling to know
that in other countries it is as hard to
convince people of educutional advan
tages. England is exercised about
cheese factories the dairymen gen
erally object to their establishment,
on the ground that they will deprive
their wives and daughters of an hon
orable and healthy emploj'ment, and
by relieving them from labor lead to
idleness and extravagance.
There are still some who think all
farm machinery sinful, on the ground
that man was ordained to get his
bread by the sweat of his brow, and
who infer from tLis that the said
sweat must be abundant enough to
fertilize a ten-acre lot.
A new method of preserving
milk has been introduced by the An
glo -Swiss Company, whose factory is
situated on the lake of Zug. The
process adopted is simply the abstrac
tion of the watery particles From the
milk and the addition of beet-root
sugar. Milk thus prepared will re
main good for months after the tins
in which it is packed have been open
cd becoming neither sour, mouldy,
ncr rancid. It bears the ordinary
changes of temperature without inju
ry. It is sold in tins, each contain
ing the equivalent of rather more
than half a gallon of good milk, of
about the quality of the best country
milk. The price of the tin is 3d.
The cost of the tin being h penny,
and the duty a penny, the price of
the condensed milk when diluted for
use with five parts of water is 6J. a
quart. About one-third of a pound
beet root sugar is introduced into
each tin. The use of this preserved
milk is increasing in England;
The potato oat which has long
held so prominent a place in public
estimation, is the produce of a single
plant w hich was found growing in a
potato field in Cumberland. Its su
periority over all other varieties socn
become evident, and its cultivation
extended on a scale of such ma-ni-tude
that hundreds of millions of
bushels have been produced from
the seed of the original plant. The
straw bi this oat is rather short, the
panicle or head compact and regular,
and the grain short, plump, and awn
less. Like all cereals the potato oat
is liable to degenerate, and its purity
can only be preserved by a frequent
change of seed and by colligating it
uader the circumstances most favor
able to its growth.
A correspondent of the Western
Rural says of German farming: One
mistake is common to all the peasant
farmers. The grain is allowed to be
come too ripe before it is cut. Hence
it must be reaped in the old fashion,
with a sickle, or delicately and geht
ly mown with a short straight 'han
died scythe, to prevent the grains be
ing shattered out of the husks. The
work of harvesting occupies twice as
much time as is actually necessary,
which, in a climate like Germanv, is
a very important matter.
Mr. O. B. Kimme La3 a fine
farm of about thirty acres on the
Raritan and Delaware Bay Railroad,
mostly in fruit. His grounds are
beautifully undulating, so that there
is a northern slope and also a elope
to the south. In order, therefore, la
avail himself of any advantage of
slope in either direction, he proposes
to plant fruit trees and vines on both
slopes, so that when . one fails to sel
cure a genial influence, in ' producing
a satisfactory crop of fruit, the orv
chard, or vineyard - on the-opposite
slope, vrill be 'likely to- yield a-fair
THE PULSE. r ,
In a healthy grown person it beats
seventy times a minute3; there may
be good health down to sixty ; bnt if
the pulse always " exceeds seventy,
there is disease; the machine Is work
ing too fast ; is wearing itself out
there is fever or Inflammation some1?
where, and the body is feeding on it
self, as in consumption, where the
pulse is always quick, that is over
seventy, gradually increasing anrl de-
creasing chances of cure, until Itr
reaches 110 or 120, When death
comes before many days. When the
pulse is all the time over 70 for
months, and . there is even a slight"
cough, the lungs are affected.
Every intelligent person owes it to" O
himself, says Halts Journal, to leard
from his family physician how to as-'
certain the pulse in health; then, by
comparing it with what it is wheti
ailing, he may have some ideapf the"
urgency of his own case, and it will
be an important guide to the pbysi-"
cian. Parents ought to know the
healthy pulse of each child jjts, now
and then, a person is born with a
peculiarly slow or fast pulse, and the
very case in hand may be that pecu
liarity. . An infant's pulse is ISO ; a
child's of seven years about 80 ; ando
from 20 to GO years it is seventy
beats a minute, declining to sixty &t
There are pulses all over the body;
but where there is only &kin and bone;
as at the temples, it is more easily
felt ; the wrist is the most convenient
point. The feebleness or strength of
the beats is not material, being mod
ified by the fiugers, pressure. Com
parative rapidity is the great point
near death, it "13 140 and over. A
healthy pulse imparts to the finger a
feel ing as of a woolen string; in fever;
it feels harder, like a silk thread ; if
there is inflammation which is always"
dangerous, it beats fast, spiteful and
hard, as if a fine wire was throbbing;
against the finger. When the pulse
beats irregularly, cs if it lost a beat;
then hurried to make it up, there H
something the matter with the heart:
But how ever unnatural you may
think the pulse is, do not worry
about it, take nothing, do notbiEg ex
cept by the adVice of an intelligent;
A Paradise. A writer in Iul
nam's Monthly Magazine, thus sum 3
up the happy lot of the Japanese t
41 Take the Japanese as a whole,
high and low, rich and poor, they ore
the best fed, best clad, best lodged,
least overworked and most genial
and happy people on the face of the
Food is abundant and cheajj-im-
aginary wants are rare ahd llrus
temptations to crime are less than
with hs, though the land is ho tltopia.
There is no such thing as squalor
to be seen in Japan. In the house of
the very poorest, a Fifth Avenue
belle might sit upon the matted floor
without soiling her dress. The streets
ore adnirably sewered ; all offal and
garbage are removed for manure."
There is no bigotry; The people
are wonderfully open-minded. There
is no hatred of Christianity as such ;
only it is feared as an engine to cause
A friend in Nevada has a smart
child, of whom he says : " We think
'our Mondie,' two and a half years
old, is tho smartest and cutest child
in these parts. Upon rising a little
earlier than common a few morning
ago, and going out into the yard, he
noticed what to him was an unusual
thing, a dense fog, which hid from
view everything a little distance off".
Running to the door he called to us,
at the top of his voice, Do come and
see the big air!1 "
A rich man sent to call a physi
cian for a slight disorder. The phy
sician felt his pulse and said : Do
you eat well?" "Yes, sir' replied
the patient. ''Do you sleep well?''
" I do." " Then," said tbe physician?
" I shall give you something to taW
away all that."
It is vain to stick your finger in
the water, and, pulling' it out, look
for a hole; and equally vain to sup
pose that, however large a space you
occupy, tke world will' miss you
wheti ycai die. '
- - . ..
We have no more right, wan
tonly or causelessly, to wound tho
minds than to wound the bodies of
our fellow beings; and in many in
stances the former is the caoje cruel
of the twoC ,1 7 ' ,
- The following' is oee of two of
three lines' in the Trtglish" Unguago
that- read precisely ' the same back-.'
ward as forward: ".SfiBg-& raw-was:
I ere 4 'Swat "
f-"- ,v 4-11 '