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About Oregon sentinel. (Jacksonville, Or.) 1858-1888 | View Entire Issue (March 9, 1861)
BE OBEOOH SEHTIHEL.
SATURDAY, MARCH 0,1881.
lAbl il tba iMt.
Wo cannot discover In the mtM of Intclll
(tnN which hai reached m from the Eait
anything whereon to build tho hope that the
Union li MR. The tetter writers differ upon
till point, ami the telegraphic Items brought
It Pony Express hcd small light on tho sub
Jctt. Indeed, they rather confound than sat
isfy os. It Is morally certain that unless the
propositions advanced bjr the Virginia and
Kentucky delegates aro acceded to by the
North, and properly ratified by the Slates, tho
Peace Congress will terminate In failure, and
with III dissolution goes our last hope for tho
Union. 'Die stare Slates will doubtless form
tjnder a Confederated Republic, and what dis
position will be made of the Northcrr, Kastcrr,
Middle, Western and Pacific State, Is a mat
ter for future consideration.
Up to last accounts, the President elect was
tontloulng lilt journey to Washington, wlth
mt fear of mole tatlon In any quarter. There
Is little doubt that he wai duly Inaugurated at
the Federal Capital at the appointed time. If
hla speeches along the routo are correctly re
ported, war between the discordant sections
North and South li almost Inevitable. To
attempt seizure of any of the furti now hitd
tiy the needing States, on the part of the Urn
f ral Government, would precipitate a war, and
a refusal to quietly lurrtndcr forti still occu
pied by Federal garrisons, within the Southern
Confederacy, must lend to similar disastrous
and bloody consequences. Hut should war be
avoided, all hope of reconstruction of the
Union, or reconciliation ol the two divisions,
Il closed, if the President is resolved closely to
adhere to the principles laid down In the Chi
cago Platform, as it it staled he will. The
South will never consult to a Unlou utdcr
Latest ad rices foretell the defeat of the Pa
cific ltailroad Ititl In the Home, that body
not concurring with tho Senate amendments.
A Joint Conference Committee of the two
Houses might possibly hac agreed upon some
bull acceptable to the majority, but tho hope
for lach a result Is very frail. For our on n
part, we think the 1uc.11 tire Is put aside for
The Ongon War Debt Hill had at Inst re
ceived favorable notice enough from llio House
to aecuro tho appointment of a day specialty
lit apart for Its consideration. If within tin.
ntaiost possible eflltrli of Mr. Stout to bring
friends to its passage, the Senate Hill has been
adopted In tho House, yet wo d.re not be san
guine. Hut no man ever labored harder for a
constituency than has Mr. Stout for the eopte
f Oregon, In having this War Debt Hill
pressed before Congress, and If il shall hate
pisied, to him, fir above all other, will the
credit be due.
The administration of I'rciMcnt Huehanan
terminated on the lib Instant. Ho Is now re
tired to the shades of private life forever. No
occupant of tho Presidential Chair has b:cn
M broadly and maliciously abused i yd vve
hazard the prediction that the writer ( f twenty
yean hence who shall review tl e events of the
present day, will accord to James lliiehanan
the high pralso of having saved his country
from a most cruel civil war by the coo'ner,
the sagacity, '.he niodiratlon, and withal, Hie
firmness, which distinguished his administra
tion during the great crisis. Of his adminis
tration of the Government during his entire
term of office, we have not spaco here to speak.
We hate from the first been a devoted sup
jcrlcrol ll policy, and we can discover no
aiuc to change our estimation of II now,
Foa Axn Aoaimt Connioviisk The St.
Iuii correspondent of the S. F. IlutUtm
coplei a tabic compiled by tho Washington
correspondent of the New York 7(mm, (Rep)
which proposes to quite accurately slate the
position occupied by the members from the
Free Slatn en the compromise of existing
Iroublei upon a basis whlih shall " not contri
bute practically to the extension of slavery,
or the humiliation of the Republican parly."
Tie) tabic glvci ninety eight for compromise;
fori? aualnsl. Another renort savs that.
' about fifly Itepublleans, said to be against '' M,,,Wt ,or ni,urU mltiliifj. lcii It
any compromise, have held a caucus In Wn.li-! generally bapcus that the first jcar'i cxpen
ingtnu and agreed that they would never con-! a1"' nw,,y ''' " "' P"ceedi, and loo
wot to ony peueeabU settlement of the exist- fivqucntly enti n fad bule In the profits cf the
Inr Hate of afiatrs, except upon Ihc basli of wennd jear. And it Is not tho Company
boiodarivi altogether acceptable to the North.
Tula looks gloomy for the L'nion.
Lami Saik or Hti'ami.uh. 'Iho steamers
CortVi, Panama. Sitrra .Vrtmu. Columbia.
Rtfullit, and Frimonl, have been sold to J
Messrs. HenJ. Holllday, 11. Flint & Co., for
9250,000. They belonged to the Pacific Mull
Company, are now on this coast, nearly all of
then laid up In ordinary, and are all old
Rumor say that they are to lo em-.to
ployed on the coast between San Francisco,
Panama, Oregon, and 1 'uget Sound. 1 1 would
be advisable to have a life Insurance efllctcd
before taking passage on tho latter two.
They might, however, answer as well as an
other ynkI to drown In.
Onxaox and Waiiiugtox War Dznr.
The moat Important Intelligence to the people
of Oregon which we find in the advices by
Tony linee our issue of last week, li that con
cerning the Oregon and Washington War
Debt. In the House, February 11th, It was
agreed to mate the consideration of I lie Hill
the special orikr for February 21st. If there
b left a modicum of desire to do Justice, tho
Hill will paas, and even at id reduced rates,
ill paaasga will vaiUy aid this people In re
eowsiaf Iron financial cmbarraitniejiti aud
barekdilp now endured.
FviouTHtD Orr. Horace Greeley went
sti a lecturing tour West recently. lie was
10 lectaie at three prominent placet, St. Louis
being Maud ai one. Hut while at Springfield,
the pleiloaopber concluded not to keep his Si,
Louie eagagement, asalgnlng aa a reason, his
tar of being "mobbed," in that city. Tho
HL Loaia paperi say that there was no danger
at uy tUavonitralloo of sticb a character.
UF" We regret to learn that Col. Tbo. J.
Dry had been icriosily ill at tha Aitor
Haow, New York city. He wai lemew'hal
Utter at Just atcounii.
THX ACTU0AT1 QPAKT2 LOSS!
On Wcdnesdsjf evening Messrs. Andenon
ft Glenn, agents for the owners of this cele
brated gold quartz lode, received 1,470 ouncei
and lit dollars In gold, tent by tbo Company,
the product of frn font of quartz rock, crushed
In the arastra during the last fortnight I This
gives an average of 82,352 and a fraction to
tho ton tho largest yield, wo believe, ever ob
tained in the history ol quartz mining. The
last product from this extravagantly rich
claim win at the rate of 8350 rer ton for over
sixty ton, whirls Is quite equal to the average
of tho very richest lodes ever worked In Call
fbrula, and beyond the average obtained from
the Gold Hill claim In Its palmiest elays lor
the lame number of tons ; but these high fig
ures dwindle Into comparative Insigultieitirc
In contrast with the huge figures no now
chronicle as the latest product received from
the Applegnte lode.
This cxtraord'nary lode Is iltualed on the
right fork of Applegnte Creek, about two
hundred yards below tho summit of the divide
separating that tdrram from Ilriishy Creek,
iiiul Is d'stnnt about fifteen milca from the
store of W. W. Fowler it Co, on Apple
gate, In n southerly direction. It was discov
ered In February of last year, by Frank Filer
nun and Wm. Ulltups, who afterwards Joined
wllli them Capt. Ilarncs. .John I'.ty, Wm. P.
Ferris nnd George lllmklcnsa parly to fairly
prospect It, and an equal Interest was given to
W. W. Fowler and tl. W. Kccler, wiio sup.
piled the party with an outfit end provision.
while engaged on their rortunale lour. I lie
roek promised only a moderate product of gold
at first, and was little worked nulll June latt,
when on arastra was completed, and the luele
regularly opened. From that time until the
early part of the present season, the yield was
merely a fair average with mine of uarlz
veins In California say about 810 to tho ton.
Still, the Indications grew more favorable as
tha drift was made Into the hill ride, mid c.uli
succeeding crushing proved these Ind cations
corral. Hut It was only when the drift was
opened through what seemed to bo the rim of
the gold quartz basin that the extravagant
richness of the roek was discovered. Refute
reaching this rim, tho rock was nearly nil (f
dirty brownish color, mid inuih iKcomposcd.
All imlde, to far found, Is whitish, hnrder, nud
has Km carlhy coaling on either side of il.
One of the o tiers Informal us a few daji ago
that from the drift, now some seventy fat
deep, there Is quartz enough visible to keep
the nrastm constantly occupied for n full jrar,
and wo know lliut he never dreamed of any
thing iirur like enormous prcducl since ob
tained from the ten Ions eruthed when he
furthcVnMurrd us thni the roek was richer
than any that had been taken out. If Ms es
timate of the rock il nil prove correct merely
In point of quantity, nnd tho bulk of It shall
produce opprox'matcly with the ten tons last
crushed, the lode will not only have made each
one of Its ovtncri wealthy, but will have given
by far the most extraordinary product ever
known In any branch of mining.
The lode Is held In seven shares, of which
LVptatii Harnts and Jchn I'.ly own three ; 1.
I,. IlopMuj, ones McKay ft 0 Dricn, one i
Fowler and ICti!cr,cne; and Fowler anj An
derson ft Glenn, one. Four of the original ow li
en, whose names are mentioned among t lie pre
peeling parly above, have nt one lime and an
other Hold thilr ilurer, Mine of them at low
prices, and cnly otic of them, wc undrrstnnd,
at an thing like a bargain Firrti, who dis
posed of his Interest a few weeks ago and left
llio county. The lode has bvtti worked from
llicflrittona most economical basis, llacli
full share was rcprocntid by one working
hand, and occasionally an extra hand was em
ployed. The Company have only a slug'e
arattra, and in this quiet, easy manner they
have been content to work the-lr Idle, without
thought or desire fur more costly machinery,
or for un extra gang of men to facilitate the
inking of the drift nnd getting out of the
quurl. The nett earnings of the lode previous
to tho product of the last fortnight, after pay
ing every dollar of expense tho Company had I
been to from the first, and over aud above
wages paid to extra or substituted hands, to
gether with estimated dvlly wages of each
member, amounted to 81.050 to the share u
n'onc that is bcnellttrd by this considerable
acquisition to tho wealth of th" county. This
whole community will feel the beneficial In
fluence of this udJIttou to the amount of gold
brought from Its idle resting place, to bo enl
through the various ehanneU of trade'snd ac-
comuiodatlon, at a lime wlieu gold ! so much
Comti.vti Cssusia ItkUHM. According
the late census, the tnlivl population of the
Stales It 31.UH.Ut; of width UT.'J 11,731 art
free, and 3,099.353 aro ilavw. Tho total pop
u'atlon of the Territories', 40C,3l(i. Tl c ratio
of reprete illation h 137.31G. 'I hec figures
reduce the members of Congress from '.'15 (as
ntprcfrr.l) to 241. 01 llio fice Slates, Maine,
Mauincliusctti, Rhodo Island and Minnesota,
each lose one Representative; Pennsylvania
and Ohio, each, two ; New York, three ; Illi
nois gains lour ; Wisconsin and Iowa, each,
three : Michigan, two ; California, one. Dif-
fLrcneo In favor of tho free Slutes, two. Of
the slave Stales, Virginia, South Carolina,
Tennessee and Kentuehy, each, lose two;
North C'urolina, Gcoigla and Alubnma, each,
lose one ; Missouri and Texas, each, gain two ;
and Arkunsai, one. UilTerenco against the
sluvo .Stale, six. Adding Kansas, admitted
slnco tho Utile was compiled, with a popula
tion of 1 13,(5 15, entitled to one Representa
tive, would give a gain of three member to
the n'prlh. Under tho new apportionment,
counting Ui the Secediug Slatei, tho full rep
reiejlatlon of tud ihwcholdlng Slatea would
be 81 ; that of the iVrt Stalei, Including Kan
sai, 158-s majority of 71 In favor ol tho
latter. Reckoning the Statci that have not
passed Secession Ordinance!, tho ''ave Slatei
would havo only 53 memberi 105 lua than
.1 I .. ..I.t.l. .li- V...I. I. .llll...
uw numiKr m "ii icu iiiq ,iuiiihii'
Tito population o the Paelflo coatl ii aa fol
lows t Oregon, 62,506 ; California, 331,70 ;
Washington Territory, 11.621. Utah If given
at 50,000 in round outubtri,
With a tingle exception, the reperU we
have from the vartoui mining localities In the
county ore mora than ordinarily cheering. In
nearly all tho ellgglngi, the washing-up process
hat begun, and will be steadily prosecuted
until a final clearing up ol the tcason'i labor
so for li had. Water li generally plentifully
supplied, and by meum of ditehci, dams and
rcservoln, enough Is likely to be furnished
until early In the cnxulng Summer, which will
give tho miners one or two months longer em
ployment than li usually afforded.
At Sterling diggings, over one hundred men
are engaged, all making fair average wages,
from three to Ave dollars per day and some
doing much belter. Water is rarely had In
these diggings beyond the early Spring, but
this year the supply promises to continue until
New diggings were discovered on the main
fork of Applegalc creek, about eighteen miles
above Sterling, a few weeks ago, which have
prospected five dollars a day to the hand with
pan and rocker. Quite a number have already
commenced operations there, anj wo are told
that claims arc staked along the creek for five
or six miles. The creek claims can be worked
during the greater portion of the year.
About twenty miners arc at work at Sis'ii
you City digging, which wero quit noted for
n few months ef lust year, and afterwards be
came almost forgotten. This season, tlic
claims are paying good wages generally, but
there Is little doubt that the extent of the aurif
erous soil Is limited. 'I ho lew claims now
worked will probably pay gooJ wages for
, , ,,,,,',,, .,
Sterling creek, yielded fiom fair to very g td
wages, i rncior x eo., iook ironi n second
wndilng during last week about 8250, and the
first washing ) lelded even richer. One or two
other claims have done equally ai will. The
ilitthei of Gallagher and of some others give
plcnly of water.
From Humbug crick our rrporli ire not
very full. Hetwccn ilxly and seventy men
are busily ul work there, all ol thorn doing
fairly. A very few have commenced washing
tip yet, ai they wish to mtku the most of
the water still afforded, in ground sluicing.
Our informant thinks that when all of them
get fairly under way nt washing, the Average
yield from that locality will be fully 81000
per elay. Some claims have been worked since
the season first opened without any cleaning
up, nnd In known rich pincers.
The Willow Spring mines continue to pay
well, and n goodly supply of water It hud,
which by meant of dams will last for weeks
jet. A geiitliincmaii from there nwurcs us
that very few thvlmi pay less than five dollars
per day to the hand, and some )Iv!d at high as
twelve dollars per d.iy.
The reports from Foote'i creek, GaH'i.Sam'i
creek, Perkins', Table Hoik, and below Hogue
rlvrr, arc generally favorable. No spccifle
earnings are given u, but average wager ar,
laid lo be made at each place.
Iiwcr Applegate glvei usual good report
An abnudinre of water, and iteady-gotrg
wages from one week's end to another. 'He
Clilnrse claims seem to pay even belter thau
usual, although nothing definite ran be nsecr
tallied from " John," as In hit general lurk.
Up Jackson creek, the miners arc to a mm
hird at work, and a few of them have begun
cleaning up. Wo nrr told of two claims that
have paid handsomely, belter lu fact, than they
did last year.
From Rich Gulch, Poor Man'a creek, left
fork of Jaekson creek, Missouri Gulch, and
one or two cither localities, we get no specific
reports, but rumors of " all well and doing
The mlneri on Pleasant creek nlnne appear
to have seriously failed. last Winter Ihe-sc
digging paid generally fair wages, and in two
or three instances, since work was commenced
tills season, good products were realized from
partial washings. The oldest inherit there
were, Indeed, so much encouraged from Ihc
prosjiccli got ear'y this season, that they went
lo the t xpeute of constructing a larger ditch
nnd applying tho hvdraullc process to their
claims. IjmI week, Ihc chief company washed
up from nearly an aert-'a arra of rarlti and the
product was only about 8J00. Two months
ago, the same company got a larger amount
from ground sluicing about a hundred yards.
We have icen a gentleman who with four or
five others that owned claims on Pleasant
cruk, ltd there early in tho week. He in
foi mi us that, In nearly every Instance, the
diggings hut it failed thli season. From the
previously good average product! of that
locality vvc are not prepared to belleva that
the mlnci nre exhausted, however, but, as
somellmti will happen, tho miners have thanced
upon the poorer portions of the paying earth.
After a diligent inquiry from various sources,
ni to the product! from the mines lu every
direction, we are convinced that the Mason's
total will far exceed that of any previous year,
from the older diggings, aside from the con
siderable augmentations contributed by the
newly discovered digging! at Phoenix, and
ut lesser points. The Winter hat been mot
favorable to our mining Interests, and should
our farmers fare aa well in tholr pursuits in
the year commenced, this whole community
will bo quite relieved from the depression
under which tho mats now labor.
1 1 i
Coxsistknv. A singular indirlduxl who
signs himself "One of the Calumniated," writes
to Ihe N. Y. J"urml cf Commit (, as follows :
'I hero Is not one man In fivo hundred who
toted for Lincoln who Is an Abolitionist In ill
proper acceptation, so far ni my observation
goes. 1 voted for Lincoln for the rrrripur
lioif r ciuiiiiig out Hluck Republicanism,
believing lie would more- eflcctunlly do it than
any Democrat in the Union, and my cate Is
one of hundreds, if uot thousands, I personally
Wonder if the individual don't believe that
o'd Satan took hit diabolical course Just to
crush out the rebellion of all the other fallen
angels? Mnjbeu li "Oin of the calumni
ated," too, So, prtlnpi, did South Carolina
leave the Union for tho purpose of crushing
out Secession. If a man did rote for Lincoln,
let him not be ashamed to avow himself a Re
publican. jW Senator Hiker's familv and J. W.
N.Hjillh, Senator, bad arrived at tbo Federal
city. Scoator Baker bad gone on to New
York to have an interview with
nt on political nultcri.
WiimKOToM, Feb. 8ih. Colonel Hayne, In
reply to tho President to-day, says : Although
his emphatic refusal ol my demand closes the
mission, no wtsnrs to correct tho impression
that South Carolina wished to puribasc Fort
Sumter. Carolina would make compensation
for Injunry donu to property, but the Idea of
purciiasc is entirely inconsistent wieu inc as
sertion of paramount right In tho purchaser.
Carolina cla'nts to have dissolved political
an inert Ion, and destnyed all political relations
of your Government with everything within
her borders. She is a irparate nnd Indepen
dent gnvernment, exercising a sovereignty over
every foot of soil, except Sumter. The avowed
Intention to hold Sumter as a military post by
n rureign Government leaves Ihe authorities
there to dctcriiilno the proper course to be pur
sued. He asks the President If he was nvvarc
that the holding of a fortress by a foreign
power against the will of the authorities! Is the
highest insult he can ofler. Ho savs Carolina
litis not taken Sumter because of misplaced
confidence In the Government, which has de
ceived her, nnd thinks the reply to his dimaud,
that the occupation of Fort Sumter Is nn cause
of the Irritation, but fur the protection of Car
olina. He concludes that if responsibility
rests on South Carolina, that Government Is
unconscious of llio fact.
'I he letter of Colonel Hayne as rejoinder to
the President's reply through the Secretary of
ttur, wuinoi received by the rrciieieni un
after the special message nnd accompanying
documents were yesterday ready for trnmniN
slon to Congress If Ihc'l'mldtnt hnd deemed
It proper lo avow the rejoinder, il, together
with the reply, wou'd havo been Included In
the document. Coloucl I lav tie having left the
city jtilcrdny noon, his rejoinder was returned
to him through the mall, addressed lo Clnrlci
ton, South Carolina. The Impression here
nmoi.g gcnlluucn who nre well acquaint! d
with thusuhjicl l, that no npprihensioii need
be felt relative to an Immediate ntlnck on
Sumler, us It will be carried In the Southern
Congress. Meanwhile, the South Carolina
niithoritlei will keep stricter guard nnlhcforl,
4llJ ntrcrvt nny .Jj.ilorccni'iiti to Major An-
ill rttin All ,lfimf.ltf ,,,i,.lfp Ami flunfl f.,..,l1
tie nre to be denied, and all possible means
taken to starve out the garrison.
Captain l'ellon of Maryland, n'.lnched to tln
Navy, nnd memb.-r of the Lighthouse lloatd,
committed suicide this nttrriioon, by blowing
out Ms bridns with n pistol. Ho had for some
time been vrry nincli di pressed, owing to the
political stale of the country.
It appears, on Inquiry nt ihc proper source.
thai Ihe Si. l.ou was ordered from the Gull
squadron ns curly as December 22d, and the
.Viifrine January U tit, three dnrs b:fore the cur
render of Ihc Ptnsnentu Yard. leaving In com
potu the squadrou, tlu WWiit, V'om'ioiiim.
and Cuiidtiliiiitl. To obtain prnvh-'o'ii Ihe
storetlilp Supply win sent by order ol II ig
olTbcr lVndergutt to Penracoliv, and by Cup
tain Armstrong, then at llmt p'uee. was ordered
lo return to the-squadron ; but Instead ofihilug
so, Captain Wullqr, her eoiitmiinler. look on
board ihc paroled iilUccrx and men nnd women
from Fort Pickens, and prnctcded to New
York, for which tlleolHtlleiice of order l.c Is to
bccouit marllalcd. 'Ihe Cumltiliwd haibicn
ordrrei! lo Hatnplnii Roads. nnd Ihe WinMiii
lo New York. Whalevi r dhufAcllon hat cx
Uteel In the Gull squadron was on board the
latter vessel. When onh red to proceed elte
where, a portion of her ofl'iecrr, whu nre from
the South, supposing the was to pu lo Pcmn
cola m.inlfi tnl discontent. 'Ilia First Lieut,
tent in his resignation, tl e acceptance of who h
wi I depend upon Lis being t. ncra'c- iro n
''.nv, to b: srcc;tMtert when the testil ihall
arrive at New Ytik; otl.crwlio I o will be
ccurtmarl'nlcd. 'Ilirrearo cteven uu!s on
our coast, one at Cub-v and anntlicr at Tortuga.
The Mnttihnitin and tlrrxityn have arrived In
the vicinity of Fort Piekens.
MoNTflftMrnv. Ala , Fibr'y Olh. I'liti'tiat
Interest wan in mlfittrd In the proceedings of
the Southern Congress tndiy. The hull of ihe
Convention and gallery v.us rinmlcd. Mr.
Mi milliliter pritenlid it bi-nutlful niixlcl Hi;',
made by Ihe ladiei cf South Ciirtilliin. This
Hag has a blue1 cms on a nil Held nnd se-ven
stars; il was highly nilmlnd. He nisi pre
rntetl another iii'kIcI fl ig from n trentli'iiiau of
Charhston. It hat n e-ioss rn I I'.flien stars on
it field nfsulpri. A CoiniiilltiuvvasnpiIntnl
lo report on a i:n, real, umi il urmsnnu
motto for the Southern t'niif.d-rjey. 'ihe
President lia been dlrrclrd lo npimlnt Com
mltteei on Foreign Alfilrs nnd 1 inaut-c, on
Military nnd Nnvnl A(l'ulri, Commerce, nnd
on Pulenii. JefTerton Davis wnt then eltclcil
President, and Alex. II. Stevens of Ga., Vice
President of the Southern ('oufnKrary. The
vote vrai unanimous. A resolution wnspdnnt.
ed for n committee of three Alubanm depuiiei
to Inquire and report on what trrint sulinble
bulldings In Moiilgnmcry for Ihe uio of Ihe
rcveiul Ricculivo di'piitlniiiit!(if thu Cnnfml
e racy, under the Provisional Government,
could be obtained. An ord'nincc was pisw-d
continuing in force until re-pe-uhd or wile ml by
live Southern Congress, all lawi of the United
States In force nr use on ihc 1st of November
last. It ii understood that iimhr thli lawn
tariff will be laid on all poods brought from
llio United Stalei. A riiohillnu mm 811001111
authorizing the appolnlmint of a Cummin-ion
lo report a Constitution for thn M-rinautnl
govirnmcnt of the Confederacy, The Conjrre-n
wni about two noun in secret sroion, aim 111c
reit of the proceeding! were conducted openly.
On the ivenlng of the 9th, In response to a
serenade, A. 11. Stephens said, " riuugh we
meet s itrangers Irnm el tl. rent anil Inilelien-
dent Stales, we are onto mnro citizens of a
cominou country. Allow mo brnlly ami sin
cerely to return my unfelcnetl thanks for thli
compliment. Thn state or my health and t olct
uml the night air, apart Irnm other considera
tions, prevent me from doing more. This l
not ihe lime nor Ihe p'ace to discuss ihc great
questions pressing in the public counei's."
Si-iti.Gwri.P, III., Feb. lllli. Mr. Lincoln,
with hi lady, and a large crowd, left Ihe hotel
nt half past seven, a. u.. for the G. W. R. R.
depot, where pcrliupi a thousand prop'c were
assembled to bid him farewell. Alter very
many had taken him by ihc hand, and he hid
parted vvilh Mrs. Lincoln, he look hli stand on
the platform of his car. where he made n short
and affecting tpeceh. The (motions of the as
semblage were very deep. When he concluded,
Ihrca cheers were given. There wai no parade
of any kind. Liuco'n spoke as follows : " .My
friend, no one not in my position can appre
ciate the 1 tilncis I feci nt this pait'ng. To
this people 1 owe nil tint I am. Here 1 have
lie cd nmro limn a quarter of u century. I lerc
my children were born ; here om of tlirin is
buried. 1 know not how soon I tlmll sec you
again. A duty devolves upon ma which U
perhaps grealrr than llmt which has devolved
upon any oilier man since the davs ol Wash
ington. Ho never would have mccecded ex
cept for the aid of Ditlne Providence, upon
whom ho at nil llinei relied. I feel that I can
not succeed without tho same Iiivlncnid which
sustained liim, and in the sumo Almighty Hclng
I place my reliance for support. 1 hope ton,
my fricndi, will oil pray that I muy reecho
Divine assistance, without which I cannot
succeed, but with which lut-ccts U certain.
Again 1 bid you all an affectionate farewell."
Imil applause, and cries of "We will proy
tor ou."J During the speech Lincoln betray
cl much emotion, and Ihe crowd was nffitlcd
to tears. '1 ho ttaln left at eight o'clock. The
following persons accompcnlcd Lincoln : J. G.
Nicolay. Private Secretary to Ihe President
elect ; John Hay, Robeil I. Lincoln, Major
Hurtu, U. S. A.; Col. Sumner, U. S. A.;
Col. K. I'dliworlb, J, K. Dubois, Statu Audi
tor 1 Col. W. II. Lanion. Aid lo Gov. Yates ;
Judge David Daln, O. II. Drowning, K. L.
uaKer, editor or the bnrtugmiii joumoii rt.
H. Judd, Robert Irwin, George lollium, L.
'I'ilton. Hall Wilson, K. F. Leonard, N. Jum-
MAn. V. lVrlr. .Tni-tfnn Grtmlliftu. W. 11.
Morriion. L. W. Rom. W. H. t'arlln. M. II.
Cac'l,J,A Hough, II V. bumutx, Jr.; J,
the Slate line, re
from Decatur, Tolono, and
port the pirly in fino spirits. Lincoln spoke
briilly tit llio large crowiii mat gittiivreei nt
tho depots oh tho route. Mrs. Lincoln re mnlns
In Springfield until next week, and will meet
Lincoln lu New York.
I NDtAMArof.fi, February ltth.
The firing of thirty-four gum announced the
approaching train bearing the Pre-tldeiit elect
and party. Tho President was received nud
welcomed by Gov. Morion, and escorted to n
carriage drawn by four while horses. 'Ihc
procession formed Itself into ntmjreant seldom,
irever witnessed here bclore. il was composed
of memberi of both Iioikcs of tha Legislature,
public ofllcert, municipal authorities, mllilnry
nnd fire companlci, citizens nnd ilrangeri. 'I he
I'reiidetii elect itooii lu lilt carriage, acknow
ledging tho wclenmc. The proertlon upon
reaching Hites' House, halted, and Lincoln
wna escorted to the balcony, where he addressed
his fi How citizens. He raid he came here lo
thank them for Ihe support given by Indiana
for a true nnd jut cause, mid procmlnl lo re
mark that coeicioti nud Invuslon were lerm
much used now with temper and hot blood.
l,ct us nut misunderstand their mennlng, nor
the mennliig nf tlioo who ttsu Ihetn. It tl
get their meaning from men who deprecate
these things. 'I hey would renrt tent by their
use what is Ihe mennliig of IIicac worde. He
ii'kcd. would the marchlnz of nil nrmv into
South Carolina, with hostile Intent, h: Inva
sion 7 Ho raid, "I think it would, and it
would be coercion also, If the South Cur.d'n
Inns would be forced to rubmll. Hut If the
Untied Slutes should merely hold and retake
111 own forts nnd collect I'nlle, or wllhho'd
tho mails where tlicy were habitually violated,
would nny nr alt thec tliinjt be invasion or
c.erclon T Pi) profcstlonal Union lover, re
so'ved to resist coercion, understand llmt sitc'i
things ni these, on tin) part of tho United
Statci, would bo coercion or invnlon? If
they do, their idea of preservation Is exceed
iii'jly thin nnd airy, and their view nf the
Union, ns u family relation, would teem to be
that Il li no rtgu'ar marriage, but a tort ol
fiet- love arrange mi tit to be maintained by per
sonal attractloni. In what consists the special
saerednesi of n Stale T I speak not of the
position ntslgncd to n Sl.tte In tho Union by
the (,'oustllul Ion, for that Is Ihc bond we all
rrcognlre. If n Stale and county possess e-qtial
rights in territory and iiihnhttanK In who'e,
ns n mutter nf nrlnelplc, Is the Statu Utter
than Ilia county? Would an exchange of
names be nncxenun;e of rights upon principle!
Ily what rightful prinelp'o nny n Slitte, bilng
not more titan one fiftieth pail of the nation In
(nil nnd population, brt-nk up II e nnthm and
thin coerce the larscr division? Of Itself,
what invite-rlntit rlght-tn p'ay tv rant Is con
fir nil on n district of country with III coplr.
by turn ly cullit'g It a Slate?'' L'licnlti. In
couthisliiti, said he was not asserting nnv thing,
but inking questions for lliem to cot.ililir nud
decide In their nvvn minds what was right cnJ
what was vvruiig.
St. Lori, IMiruiry 12lh.
Nothing lint oecurrnl lochatigi-thcrilatloti
of nffilrn nl the South since the departure of
the last Pony F.xprets.
The Pmldent communicated to Congreis
last Monday 1 1 lib Ft binary! the tnrrrspond-
rnee Utiiei-n the Sonlb Carolina I'ftK-Ials ami
the I edernl Government, In which the latter
nillurrs to the position n'n-ndy ludlcateel, nud
nyi llmt If hoitllltlii arc commenced, Soith
Curulina alone will be responsible. 'I lie hlu
of n.'gotln'.ins fcr a tr.ttufir ef Ciovcrt.mcnl
f.uirerty cannot bo cnttrtalntl.
'I he Seut'.ern Convention latelcclel Jiff.
D.vvis. Piesidtnt, and Alexanler .Stephens.
Vice PrcshUnl, of Ihe new Republic.
Davit has Ulegraphcd to Col. Hayne, urg
ing him not lo precipitate mailers relative to
Foil Somp'cr. What nellon South Carolina
n. ay lake h's not transpired. The ininieisiun
s, ttut it.e win turn over miners to ma new
Southern Government, llioiijji miiviIIoii enrre
p.iiilriits prrd'cl that an atluek will be made
on l-Vrl Suinlrr.
A. It. Stephens was nominated nt Mont
gomery, uinl m uk n sktc!i congralulathu Ihe
n opV upon th: fornution of lite New Con
Otyreu h.n done nothing yet tending to a
vtt'euient of ihe existing diflK-ulth-i. A vole
will U I'lovd mi Ihe report of the Cominlttee
of 'I'hlrlj-lhree this week. 'Ihe procictl lugs
otherwise- arc entirely ikvomni tntiren.
Tlu Pence (Vngrtii nt Wahlnglrl Is In
sejslon dally, with rimed ihion. Ills uii-ler-stood
tint no Important movn Ins yet been
uudi-. Many frhndsnf the Union have strong
Iiojks of u favor.ib'o result, wlulu non-Coin-protiiMttr
and Secessionists generally predict
a failure. Mure dolcgntei arc cotiituntly ar
riving. The Twenty five Million Irnn bill lai been
iipprovtil by tho Pirsldciit. Hankers nt the
North munlfisl a disposition not to ttiko the
hum unlets tho national difficulties nro first
The Governor of Georgia had seized ictcral
New York vessels nt Savnniiah, in retaliation
nf the seizure of arms in the city of New
York. He iiibsrquintly, however, released
them, on being informed of the restoration of
Rilurns of iheTenmssre election indicate
the triumphant sucirss nf thu Union party,
for Ihe Convention ol that Slate.
Tho Pi limy Ivnnht Slate Legislature guirnn
tees a portion of the New Govi riimcnl l".m.
ins .uvai Appropriation uiu tus passed
President Lincoln stailnl from Springfield.
yrsleidiy, on hli way to Washington. A
number of friends accompany him. Hi fore
leaving, he addressed a few felling remarks to
hit ft lends, refcring to the imrmrinuce of his
mlsvion nnd tha neeiitily or Divine nld lo
enab'e hlni to perform It successfully. He wus
tntliulnsllcally received along the entire route.
At indianopolis, Mr. I.tueoln had a neep
tlon given him, where he made u sperch lu
which ho advanced the proposition that to
march a hostile army into South Carolina
wou'il le Invasion ; but that to ho'U uml re
cover Ihc forls nnd pther properly of Ihe Fed
eral Government would not be coercion.
Several propositions in illustration of this
tlevvwrrc advanced, among which was one
that tho Stale resisting was the parly tngageel
In the work of coercion. He, in conclusion,
sa'd that he wus not usscrtiug anything, but
nskhu questions for Ihc cople to outsider,
and the de what was right and what rong.
'I he Texas Convention has declared lu favor
of Ihe Southern Confederacy.
Firo war tenth) are reported as off Pensn
cola. Gov. Welter, tho U. 3. Minister, has ar
rived in the city nf Mexico.
The Archbishop and Htliop were stoned al
Mlramon has arrived at New Orleans.
Jiulu'v llovvo has been elected In the U. S.
Senate from Wisconsin, by the legislature
.if Ihal Slate. It Is not statu! whether ho Is
a compromise or anti-compromise Republican
Hit most formidable competitor wus Cadwal
holer C. Wushburn, Ihe prennt Rcprcucntn
live from llio Second District,
The Texas Convention has passed an nrdl
nunco favoring Ihe formation nf a Southern
Confederacy, nnd elected scten iKh-gates to the
Tho Ixultluna Convention has adopted a
flag, and passed an ordinance muklng It n
pi mil offense for pilots at the Halizo to bring
war vessels of the United Slates over Hie bar;
also an ordinance, adopting Ihe criminal laws
of ihe United Slates District Court.
The issue ol Ihe recent fugitive ilave rate
at Cleveland, Ohio, in which the slave wai
delivered to hii Soulern owner, hai roused
a itampcek- among Ihe negroes there and In
Toledo, They have gone over luto Canada in
Wamiimuov, Fibrnnrr 10. Col. Judge
hod an iotcrvi-w with ihu Frer-Mml, who re
ceived h'm a! a d'stliigulstied cit'n ol Ala-
bama. but not In
nn official capacity ; nor
would ho enter Into d'retiislim oflhe subject
of his mission lo treat fur the surrender of
Ihe anthills nnd oilier public properly in that
The numbers of Ihe Montgomery Southern
Ciiigrcn have nclvl'cl Iheir friends hero that
Ministers have been appointed In npresent
the Interests of the Southern Confederacy in
Nlw Oni favs. February 9. The Commit
tee on Postal Aflitln have reported it expedi
ent to change the present postal system, as II
Is Imnoalli'o for a slnsle Stn'e lo establish
postal arrangements ndeqnale to the witnll nf
llio ope. inn report recoguircs ine ssov-
emmctll nl tv nsiiingiou lor mo presint uusinrss
until a Southern Congress hereafter called
shall form postal arrangement. A re solution
wnsnsed approving of tha action of the
Aialuteof 100 cum wn fired today In
honor nf ihe President nnd Vice Preside nl of
Ihe Southern Cnnfiih racy.
Despatches received by dlstln,ttMied Seee
linn leiulcrs Indicate that export duties will be
laid on cotton.
Wahiixotov, Feb. 10 Rnmon nreaflo.il
relating lo some new ichcino for rcopn!ng the
Tt'himnlcpce route lo California. It Is i.itd
llmt several millions of capital have already
been niVcrlbcd In New York, and that
Duncan. Sherman & Co., are ionic way tngng
ed In the milter.
Tho Tinnovce Do'ejMllon nre In receipt of
despatches It-day, ihowlni the rcult of the
cleillon In that Stftlo vrstcrday. The Union'
men have carried ever) thing biforu iberu by
General Scott hni nrdered nil Ihc forces of
Ihe District to lc ready In perform duly on
the 12lh Insl.. the day previous to Ihe count
Ine nf the rlectorlnl votes in the house. No
difficulty It anticipated,
Ex Gov. Fined will be here n'xl wrek. In
submit himself to the criminal laws nf this
District. He pronounces nil eliarces frivolous
am inaicinus. mm ineucaicu uj .-ecreiary
l i.ompson, aiueu uy ine inminisiriiion
From a Shasta Ciwirr Extra of March 3d
we get the following Intelligence i
Sr It'i. Feb. IClh
The Pacific Railroad Hill has been under
consideration of thu House. Somi anient!
menli of Ihr- Sennle have been stricken out,
but nn definite action hoi jet been taken em
The voles for I'rtildint and Ylco l'rril-
dent were couiilcil and Ihe result announced.
without any excitement.
Tho Nnvv Hill has p.vscd the Senate,
The Investigating Committee nn Iheiclzutc
of the Cnpllalreport that they wire unnb'c
in el scivcr any secret argainzailuu io seize
Nothing has ut been done In CongreM lo
wards n compromise. It Is thought llmt tin
vote In the Connnlltre nf Thirty-Three will
not b' presseil before netlon ii taken by the
Congreis Is still at work In committee nn a
p'nu submitted by Gull rie. nf Kmtucky. Il
Is lubslnnt'nlly llmt nf Ihe Kent inky I-gl'a-lure,
or lie.1 Crltleinhn CompromW, but with.
out a cinusf n- alive lo Ihe terrltnrv lurrnlltr
ueipilred. It I A3 bern adopted. No territory
slnll b; hrrtnfter arqitrrd without the upptc.
v.il of thrcj fiurtlu if II e Senate.
Tim only i,tivtac!u In the Peace convention
li still to be ll.u territorial qursllen.
The progress of Ihe President elect from
lnd'nuopni;i to Pittsburg lias been anovat'ott.
Mr. Lincoln nude lovi-raj iMi-chri along the
route. He expressed bin coidkli-nee in a fund
settlement of till difficulties, for thus far no
baly hnd hern hurl. He sild that hli pulley
mutt be rorulntid by ever rhniigtng rlrctim
sliticii. He drt-llnes to Indicate what It will
be In reference In the Inr'ir. lie said that he
must mllierc to the I'hlcaen i,!atfnrin on thai
and oil nlheri'ibj-cli. Mr. I.tiirnln'siprrehr
were tcry gnvllfylitg to Ihe nllra Republicans
at Wiishln.-tiui and clscwherr. Imt not encour-
uging lo thoju wiio nave men iiupeiui oi com
promise. Thu i-onditloti of iiffitrs nt the South Is tin-chann-d,
lie new PrniMnial Onvtrimen'
having lakrn clmtpo nf nffilrr. No n.wult
upon nny of the Furls is upprchinJid at
There ne utronfr m d rmmn nf ri-ln'o'ee-meiits
Imvlui; been sent to Fori Pickt-ui nnd
to Furl III Tr.X.19.
Tlu Irginht (.'onventloii hat done nothing
)cl. It U i'd In bj wulilng Ihe action of
I lie ivacr LonurekS.
'I ho Ti'Mit Convention hat ndjntirnil.
Grorgln ami Alulnmt accept tho muliitlon
of Vlrirlnla In thcird fftrtnee with the Federal
Ihe Union candidates In lennrssre have
been ehclid by probably an aggregate ma-
oritv of fifty lluvis mil, and tho Conv
il-fintiil by Uenty thoiisitit, cry few sects
lionlsU hate In in i-'iitnl.
A dreadful II m1 tivok p'ace on the break
ing up ol thu ice In tho Unison at Albany,
Part nf Ihc city wai inundated. The dutnigr
was immense, b'ut no lives hate been reported
In tin above dispateh, we th'nk there
Is an error concerning Ihe agreement of Georgia
aud Alabama to accept the mediation of Vir
ginia in the d ffi-rrncvi belwrtn themselves mid
tha Federal Government. The re'erred mat
tcr may pertain lo a question of right in cer
tain public properly, but cannot well mean
llio great N.ue which has cntiMil the with
drawal of the two Slatei fram the Un' n.
Now, thai both of them ore willing partlri to
Ihe Southern Confederacy, li would be a nut
ter of brokm faith and doubtful propriety in
illher of them lo agree separately to any
policy not countenanced or oequlesced in by
the other Stalei ol the Confederacy. Wrong
as Ihey might bare been in leating the Union
und Joining the Southern Iacue, thry would
be doubly wrong In accepting propositions
without tho consent of their co-Statci now.
It will be obsrrtcd that thu paragraph rc'atlng
to Gullirie'i plan or compromise ii vagne and
Imperfect, also. All that the telegraph give
li not to be nlleel on. Fd.Skmism.
Lixcm.m avis TTkiki.ky. We find the fol
lowing in the St. Imli correspondence ef Ihe
Alia. 'I be letter ben is dale Fib. Oth t
Two very frank men met at Springfield, Il
linois, on I he. Oh. One it the President elect
nnd Ihe other Horace Greeley, und If tho in
terview between them could be faithfully re
ported, it would rrtenl some tcrv frank, open
nnd candid re murks, with questions and nn
ivvcn Interlarded. We ahull certainly sec
something about it In the Tiihunt very loon,
und if the Picstdent that is be docs not come
Miunrc up In tin-" don't bud.'c an inch " pol
icy of the Tiihunt, there will be nn elegant
family quarrel llmt may outrival tho one be
tween Huehaiian and Forney. It ii ituttxl by
tiligruph that Mr. Lincoln called upon Mr.
Gnvlvy at his hold (think of that, a Preldnt
culling upon an editor), and Ihe Interview
lasted Kvtral hours. Mr. Greeley urged a
strict edliervnco to uu ami compromise policy,
and li laid to have received gratifying assur
ance. Hli opinion ai In Cabinet and other
appointments wai mllclled and given. Ho li
known to be strongly oppostxl to Camoron,
and very much inleiciled in the appointment
of Chase and Colfax. Col. Fremont, In thinks,
should have Ihe mission to France. Although
Just defeated in Albany for Ihe Senate, lie, like
a disinterested patriot, did not utk on) thing
ciiner fur niruwir or nn irienun. . . i.m
coin, of New Isim, was present durin;
ol the ititeivlcw.
iitteoroloffieal Table for Pabntary.
Iteported for the Hk.ntimii. by NatuaSikl Mtsji
At Mount Vernon ftanch, Jackson County.
Observations at Sunrise and 1 :30 r. m.
Thermometer, mean. 41.03 ) extremes, 13 ami
55 cohlttst day at sunrise, Tuesday, 5th ; at
1.30 P. M., Monday, 11th warmest day at sun
rise, . Monday, Ulb at 1.30 P. M., Widaciday,
Number of diyi cloudy, clear and rain, 4
fuggy, cloudy, rain nnd storm, 3 ; foggy, cloudy,
rain and clear. 1 1 foggy, cloudy and etear, 3
cloudy nnd clear, 12 ; clear, 4. Inches rain, 1.78.
In Nov ember and December, 1830, tnd Janu
ary, February and .March, 1SC0, the aggregate
rain fall was G.80 Inches. Tho asgrcgnto fall
during Not i ruber nnd December, I SCO, nnd Jan
uary and February, IBC1, was 9.67 Inches-being
2,7 J Inches greater for the four month!
counted this ) car ttiati for the live months rceaT
oned in the table for last year. In January ef
Hits year there also felt and quickly nailed 3 50
Inches of snow.
At. Vannov'i Firry, February list, by Itrr.
I). M. Ille,-. At. V.. DiMvticx lo Miss Htmil J,
CnoxroN. both of Josephine county, Oregon,
Near JackKonvllle, February 26lh, MiarHA
i:i.u. dauihter of Jams.i IIamun, need 14
jcsrsnnd 7 ruoulhs.
I. tl. H.USM H. R. RAINH
Corner Cnlltornla k, Ortfm Stu
X7K have reduced our prtcri to mil Ike
For rale, a large aud varlstt at
At very low tatei. poa cn.
Tor sale, 109 caei and carloom of
Soots, Shoes aad Qsiters,
fur l.adit-s, Gent.'s and Chlhlren.
For sale, an extensive stuck of Men's, Boys'
and Children's IIatf.
For sale, a full stock of Gttocseittsisj
For sale, n large- assortment of best brands of
LIQUORS, WINKS, CORDIALS, HIT
THUS AND SYRUPS,
For sale, Tobreeo, Cigars, Malchei, Flour,
llullir. i:K, and Cointht I'roihck generally.
CALL, AND EXAMINE.
March 9. mb:(.if
XX a few days we ihall be la receipt ef tka
first slilpinrlil of
for this markvt, among which we would ca
tion 100 ealloni Camphrne,
AU iiozcs Catidlei,
Clothing, Hoots, Shoes, tit.
VADti, MORGAN CO.
POTATOIS, Onions. Oregon Reus, Onloa
hilts, Onion antl Tltnotliy Seed, fur sale l.y
WADK, MORGAN A CO.
Ijifif.'S. flutter, Lard aud Uncos alwaii ea
J ha.id, and lor mlr,
WADK, MORGAN k CO.
March tl. V,rt. ioh::lm
rpO Iho lovers of Kxlra Flue Trai we have to
Japan Teas, n half pound paper, of iups
l.'etra flue lllack Teas, In bulk ;
Kttra firsts Grvvn Tias, In bulk ;
All grattn or cluster leas,
Fur sate at trry low iirtees.
WADK, MOHGAN It CO.
March Oth. :!
Roduotion in Friooa! '"
'Pill: nndrrslgnrd announces lo prennt aa-
irons ana inc puonc mat nt nas re-
iiiicii ine price tor an Kinus or wora in
his Hue, lo conrorm lo the lime.
Is In Ihe building formerly occupied I y Was.
Ilurki'. on OihforuM SlitH, dirtctly Veil if (luf
g if If Ihwn'i tilMn.
livery species ol work done lu the Utt atsnarr
and with quick dtspitck.
Plough Irona tundeRBal rcpalrrS.
V, AG0.V, CARRIAGE AND STAGE VBIk
Executed In the neatest and strongest manner.
.MIhIhk Toels, l'lcks, llri, tcn
made to onb r. of lli very best material!, la
Ihe mot approved styles.
Particular allenllvn given lo t?V
for which tbo price Is n-diicrd In (13 and 94
tiik fct-TT. 1'UTis made aud filled exactly lo
Ills stock of Iron and Steel Is of first qaallly,
and all work done at his shop wtaaavrnn.
Jaeksonvllle. March i. IMI. mhtxtf
SissolatioH of OoptwUurship.
Till! cnparlnrrhlp berelofor ritsllng bs
Incrn llK'nr Ji mi a and J. II. Knar, under
Ihe name and style or Jinost A Evsut, n(tKed
In Ihv Harness and Saddlery Ilitslnew, was dis
solved on Iho 2d diy of March, 18AI. The ac
ennnl- or Ihe firm will be settled by either of
the understand, and either nr Ihe in will alga la
liquidation or all debts due the coticrn.
J. II. KMRV.
Jacksonville, March 2d IRfil. mltOiMw
rtattual I'nn'ui and Dealer! la
Type, Prriwi, Prlitlnt Nittrtals;
t. a. reiNTrn ) inkt rpr, cassis, Bttt
i, m. mrt.K
t. a. I'aintcii ) flIO Clay St., above Samoata,
flf Oftleet titled out with dispateh. rnl-t
'FMIK copartnership htr-tofor extillag Its
A Iveoen WiM-iti.n, IIoi.vikh ft Hmiin.s. la
Ihe stabling and livery busiuuui, In Jaeksonvllli,
Is dissolved by mutual consent, Mr. Rmaoxi
withdrawing from the firm.
Wimim.u ft Hoi.vits will continue lbs bail
nen at the old stand, lo whom all debts due lbs
tale Ann must bo nuld. ami all ln,l,-l,tilnr r
the firm will lie VqulduteO hr iVm,
Ja-Veiivlll, Mu-'i 2,1111, 7j