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ESTABLISHED FOR THE DISSEMINATION OP DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES, AND TO EARN AN HONEST LIVING BY THE SWEAT OP OCR BROW
WHOLE NO. 475.
EUGENE CITY, OREGON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1876.
$2.50 per year IN ADVANCE,
5bf (gKjjfnt ; Cltjj (Suarfl.
RATES OB1 ADVERTISING.
Idrertla-ment inserted m follow. :
)n .qiiara, 10 line, or lew, one iniertion IS; each
eabJequent insertion 1. Cash required in adfance
Time adrertiasrs will be charged at the following
One iqaare three month (6 00
" aix month. I 00
u one year 1 oo
Traniient notice, in local column, 20 oenU per line
lor each Jgaertion. 1 '
AdrertUiM bill, will be rendered quarterly.
All lob wo' suit be pain fob ox dkmvkbt.
Office Hoilr-From T a. m. to 7 p. m. Sunday,
from lto 1:50 p. m.
Hail arrive, from the nuth and leave, going north
10 a. m. Arrive, from the north and leave going
.oath at iH p. m. for Siuialaw, Franklin and Long
T m, cloae at 6 a.m. on We lnexlay. For Crawford.
villa. Camp Creek and Brown.ville at I p.m.
Letter, will be ready for delivery half an hour after
.rival of train.. Letter, abould be left at the office
c hour before mail, depart.
A. 8. PATTERSON, P. M.
Gfokni Lodgb No 11, A. F. and A. M.
Meet, drat and third Welnewlay. in each
.tfsnrfkio, fpKNnrn Botte Lodoi No.
gfri&O. F. ,
J-i O. F. rMeeUeverjr Tueaday evening.
WlMAWBALA ENCAMPMENT Ntf. 6,
meet, on the 11 and 4th Wednesday, in each
Resilience on Eitfhth street, opposite Tresby
Chas. M. Horn,
.DEALER IN GUNS, RIFLES,
"and materials. Repairing done in
the neatest style and Warranted.
Sewing Machines, Safes, Locks,
Guns loaned and ammunition furnished.
Shop on Ninth street, opposite Star Bakery.
J. S. LUCKEY,
Clocks, Watches, Chains, Jewelry, etc.
Repairing Promptly Executed.
POST OFFICE BCILDIXO.
Willamette Eighth 8ts., Eugene City.
Bonk and Stationery Store,
POST OFFICE BUILDING, EUGENE
City. I have on hand anil am constantly
receiving an assortment of the Best School and
Miscellaneous Book., Stationery, Blank Books,
Portfolio, Cards, Wallets, Blanks, Pnrtmon
jiaea, etc, etc X & PATTERSON.
CALL. SON & 0SBURH
ARE OFFERING TO THE PUBLIC
SUGARS, TEAL, COFFEE,
CANNED GOODS, TOBACCO k
CIGARS, GLASS AND QUEENS
WARE, WOOD AND WILLOW WARE,
BREAD CAKES AND PIES,
And In fact everything usually kept in a first
class Grocery Store or Bakery, at BED-ROCK
PRICES for cash or ready iy. Satisfaction
Good, delivered to any part of the city free
NEW HARNESS SHOP.
At Dunn's Old Stand,
KEEPS CONSTANTLY OS HAND A GOOD
assortment of of
Hack, Buggy & Team Harness,
Carry Combs and Brushes
And ererrthinf aanallr kept ia a first clad Bar
University Subscriptions. -
AH tobacriptioni to the Stat Unirenlty are
now over due. The property ha. Wi accepted
by and turned over to the State, and I am in
structed by the proper authorities to proceed
aa4 j11 sil " st .
GEO. B. DORRIS,
Mrs. Renfrew's Brick Building.
All styles of Garments made to order, and
FIT AND WORKMANSHIP
Cutting done to order.
The Naturalists' Agency
HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED at 3725
Lancaster Avenue, Philadelphia, for the
purpose of riving collectors of objects of Xaf
II rill History an nmmrtmiitv of rnivin..
selling or exchanring their duplicates or collec
tions. Our MlNERALOGICAL CATALOfiliB, illustrated
by over $500 worth of Engravings, is now ready
for distribution. Free to all customers. To
others on receipt of ten cents for postage. I
desire eiecially to call attention to my remark
ably hue kpecimens of Amazon Stone, of which
I have or have had nine-tenths of all the speci
mens ever found. I have made six trips to the
locality, and think I may safely say uo more
will be founiL Good crystals from 15 cents to
Collections of Minerals
For Student,, Amateur, Professors, Physi
cians and other Professional Men.
These cnlWtinn. illiiwtfiita nil t1, iirim.lil
species and all grand subdivisions in Dana ann
other worlf. on V';-- . . "Vv.tf.al linn
u was $3,000. It
staled things, among
, for which Mr. Chilton
. A perfect spning-mur-
owa plants that received
is placed in my hands for
sitse alone is worth $150.
rth of Rocky Mountain
ical Specimens, Mound
iOTE, M. D.
WE BEG to Inform ear friends and the publio
that we have jut received direct from baa
Francisco and the Eastern markets
AN IMMENSE STOCK
HATS AND CArS, '
BOOTS AND SHOES,
Clocks, Faints, Oils, Etc.,
Selected by our Mr. S. Rosenblatt, which we
KEDUCED PRICKS. "
Parties will find It to their advantage to cat.
snd exsmir our stock and prices before purchas
Highest price paid for all k:ods of Produce
S. ROSENBLATT & CO.
SELLING AT COSTI
FOR SIXTY DAYS.
-yy 51. PRESTO,
Manufacturer and Dealer in
Lead, Hack and Wheel
Warranted California Leather.
SADDLES OF ALL KINDS,
SURCINGLES, HORSE COVERS,
LASH and BUOWY WHIPS,
COMBS and BRUSHES,
Thankful for past favors I would respectfully
solicit a continuance of the same.
Persons knowing themselves indebted to me
either by note or account, are requested to make
settlement by Jan. 1, 1877, or payment must be
enforced. WM. PRESTON.
The "WAVERLY MAGAZINE" is the
handsomest and largest literary in the United
State. Ill articles are all complete in each
number. It also contains a pairs of music for
the Piano, and double the reayUng of any other
paper. Siiteen different numbers will be tent
to any part of the country, post-paid, for one
dollar. No one will regret taking a dollar's
worth as it will give good reading for three
MOSES A. DOW.
GEO. J. BUI S,
BOOK AND JOB PRINTER
THK BF.HT SHOE KVEB WIOUOHT TO
to tins atatsct, at tlx Invert prw. at,
T. li.H LSI RICES'.
The Late State Senate.
o . &aiu.n or tub mijur nuvaa
Of Yamhill, ia about forty years old, wel!
built and well-preserved, a tipe lawyer aad
able statesman, an eloquent and graceful
speaker ; bis voice is smooth and musical
his arguments are logical and persuasive,
and altogether id debate an irresistable roan.
To my mind Mr. Bradsbaw was the Quest
looking man In the Senate. His fo-ru is per
fect and his carriage graceful. With fea
tures perfect in their mold he has an open,
frank and intelligent countenance. lie dress-
es plainly, but neatly; shows taste in the cut
of his hair, which is auburn; wear a mous
tache on the upper lip, which might, howev
er, be taken for maccoboy if not closely ex
amined. Mr. Btadshaw is an honest man
and a true gentleman. Neither Yamhill dot
the State can dispense with bis services. A
Of Polk, is about hfty-Bve years old, tall
and manly in his looks; is doubtless a farm
er of the better class. In the Senate Mr.
Dently is rather quiet, but occasionally gives
his views on a measure, being always brief
the point. Us is a plain man of
' "ense and is not without fair
nerul subjects. He was
dent, and acted as such
A good man.
'oars of age. but is
rather above me
an arrow. He
is practical In all
itor of singularly
jneety is proverbial,
own county, aod makes
.j come in contact wi'.h him.
.auugn a man of large property be is plain
in his appearance and accessible to all. An
Of Marion, ia thirty-five years old, rather
portly, with bluok hair and whiskers, and
withal a gentleman and a fine looking man.
The Doctor is a little reserved in his inter
course, but not exclusive; has strong con
victions and yields a point only altera strug
ple; is a fair speaker, but does not abuse tlie
gift; is active and attentive to business. He
is a Republican, but sometimes acted tor and
with the Democrats.
- SENATOR KNGLR,
Of Marion, is about sixty ycurs of ago; tall
and rather angular in bis build. He is rath
er quiet, but sometimes enlightens the Sen
ate npon matters that otherwise would not
be well understood. Mr. Engle is a farmer,
and as a Senator has some peculiarities diffi
cult to describe. lie is doubtless an honest
man, possessing common sense, and focls it
his duty to be a Republican.
Of Linn, is probably the oldest man in the
Senate, being nearly seventy, though tojudge
him by bis habits of industry you would set
him bim down at fifty. Probably no man
in the Senate had so much influence or exer
cised so much power as Judge Haley. A
man of large experience in public business,
well acquainted with the wants of the State,
as well as those of bis own county, honest
and conscientious, with a manifest desire to
treat every measure fairly, his wishes took
something of the form of law to the Senate,
He is not what. would be called a speech
maker, but often gives bis views to the Sen
ate, always in a brief and concise manner,
and never without being listened to with
marked respect. ' He is a useful man, and
his public services could not be dispensed
with but at a loss to the State. The Judge
is a gentleman and a Democrat.
Of Linn, is probably ibirty-eigbt years of
age, medium size, with regular features and
dark bait, and is a quiet and unassuming
man. He is watchful aod observant of all
that passes about bim ; be is not a talker,
but rather a quiet worker; has correct ideas
aod abides by tbem. Mr. M ankers looks to
be a well-to-do farmer, which I believe he is.
aod conveys the impression that be would
rather be at home attending to his business
than occupying a seat in the Senate c umber.
An uncompromising Democrat.
Of Linn, is comparatively a young man,
heavy and square built, with a prolusion of
dark curly hair. Mr. G. sometimes talks to
the Senate aod always with great earnest
ness. Great determination is marked upon
his coonUnsnce and crops out in all bis ac
tions. He is a farmer and well postd in the
wants of those of bis occupation His fiifd
oess of purpose is exemplified by bis inde
pendence, though a consistent Democrat.
Of Benton and Polk, is about forty-five;
slender in person, heavy brown hair and long
beard. Mr. Palmer is probably the most
most ellegant gentleman ia the Senate anj
at the same time the most affable
and agreeable companion. Generous to
fault, be cannot say no to his fr'ends.
True aod honorable in all his intercourse,
bis friendship is prized by all. When be bas
any matter to deliver to the SensU be dues
it in clear language and brief sentences. Act
ive n tbe discharge of his dalies in lbs Son
ate, almost approaching nervousness. Mr.
Palmer poseesa a quick, clear and compre
hensive mind, which, taken with b4j experi
ence in public business, makfca him a sfs!
man in tbe & nste. A Democrat of aofiict
Address of the Democratic, Visitors.
New Orlbass, Doo. 1, 187C The
committee of visiting Democrats have
iitsued the following :
New Orleans, Deo. 1, 187G.
To the people of the United States:
On our arrival here, ia casting about
for approaches to the ofhoors who con
trol tbe elections ia this Slate, wo dis
covered that they were all of one po
litical party : that the Governor had
appointed none but Republican super
visors of election, and that the return
inf officers constituting the Slate
board were of the same political
school. Influenced by these inauspi
cious surroundings, our thoughts and
hopes were turned toward the emi
nent gentlemen who had boen select
ed by the President to be present and
see that the board ot canvassers mado
a fair count ot the votes actually cast,
aud oa the 14th ot November we in
vited these gentlemen to meet and
confer with us. This co-operation was
deolined; but nevertheless we have
roason to believe that to this corres
pondence may be attributed the invi
tation to us, on the 18th ull., by the
returning board, to attend and bo
present at its meetings as spectators
and witnesses ot its proceedings.
Through this courtesy and the ser
vices of a competent stenographer we
became possessed ot all the essential
facts delivered on the face of the offi
cial papers. We have have boen tar
nished with a certmod copy ot the du
plicate statements of votes mado by
the commissioners of election at each
place ot voting in the State. From
these statements it appears that the
Tildon electors received the tollowing
vote, viz: MaEnory, 83,712; Wioklitl'e,
83,830; St. Martin, 83.G7G; Poohe, 83,
529; DeWano, 83.GG7; Zeary, 83,8 1'2;
Cobb, 83,579; Cross, J3,Go2; and the
Hayes electors reooived the tollowing
votes, to-wit: Kellogat, 77,152; Buroh,
77,144; Joseph, 74,887; Sheldon, 74,-
844; Marks, 75,221; Lovisze, Yi),3u;
Brewster, 75,457; Jefferson, 75.95G.
The result of the vole for Presiden
tial electors disclosed on the taoo of
the returns opened by tho returning
board : For tho Tilden oleotors, Me-
Enory, 82,223; St. Martin, 82,129; De
Blano, 82,005; Cobb, 81,959, Wick-
lifie, 82,3415; Pocho, 82,030; Zeary
R'i.lOn. For tho Haves
eleotors, Kellogg, 77,023; Josoph, 74,
642; Maiks. 73.087. Brewster, 72,270;
Burch, 76,983; Sheldon, 74.G78; Lo
visse, 75,157; Jefferson, 77,530, In
most cases the returns opened by the
returning board corresponded pre
cisely wilb tho certified copies or
stateraanls by tho commissioners ot
elections furnished us. The most ma
terial difference arose from tho failure
of tho supervisors ot East Daton
Ilougo, Tangipahoa and of Orleans to
forward the statements of votes from
all voting places in theso respective
parishes. In 35 ou', ot the 38 States
in tho Union these figures would bo
conclusive None would claim that
Tildon and Hendricks were not enti
tled to the electoral vote of the Slate;
but in Louisiana, a tribunal has been
But np which on former occasions has
overthrown the will ot the people as
expressed at the polls, for which the
power is not claimed ia its discretion
to change the result of the popular
vote at the recent election. In view,
however of tho returns and tho law
and the facts, which should control
the returning board, with which we
have made ourselves familiar, we have
no hesitation in saying that the result
shown by tho votes actually cast, can
not be changed without paipaoie
abuse of the letter and spirit ot the
law governing the returning board,
and manifest perversion of tho facts
before it. Irregularities have boen
committed in some instances of con
ducting the election and in making
returns, but they are about as much
oo one side as the other. As to in
timidation, tiolencc of other illegal
acts preventing a fair and free eleo
lion, there is evidence on both sides,
but not of such character as to affect
the general result. In most instances
the acts of violence proceeded from
mere lawlessness, as in the case of
Henry and Eliza Pinkston, and bad no
connection with politics. It is a sig
nificant fact that in parishes where it
is alleged that voters were kept from
the polls by Intimidation, the total
vote ot such parishes was as large as
at any time heretofore, and in the
whole State is 1,500 above any vote
heretofore cast ; and an honest and
fair canvass 'of the returns, even under
the Louisiana law, cannot materially
reduce Tilden majority, as shown oo
tbe face of returns. - signed,
Jons M. Pa luce,
Geo. IS. Smith,
Geo. W. J cm ax,
THE ELECTORAL VOTE.
-Prrrr4rnl. fvr Tkr.Kl.f lh
Vt ! ai-Tbe lrid-ai .like
ttum tbe N Turk Tribune.
The extreme doubt ii which the re
turns received yesterday left the re
suit ot tho Presidential election has
made the counting of tho electoral
voto in February next likely to be an
event of very great interest aud im
portance. On more than ono occasion
the defects of the machinery lor de
termining which of two or more can
didates has been legally elected to the
Presidency, have boen strikingly
shown, and attempts havo been mado
to remedy them ; but whilo nono ot
theso efforts havo met with success, it
has also been fortunato that on no oc
casion which has ever arisen has tho
actual result been affocted bv tho
vote of anv Stato which forwarded its
vote and tho validity ot whoso returns
has been questioned. Now it seems
SUCH A CONTINGENCY MAY AU1SB.
No provision has ever been mado
for settling a disputo of this kind.
Section 1, Articlo II, ot the constitu
tion directs that "each State shall ap
point, in such manner as the Legisla
ture thereof may direct, a number of
Electors equal to tho wholo number
of Senators and llepresoiitntives to
whioh tho State may bo entitled ia
the Congress; hut no Senator nor
Representatives or person holding an
oflieo of trust or profit under the
United States, shall bo appointed an
THE TWELFTH AMENDMENT TO TUB CON
Provides that tho Electors "meet in
their respective States, and voto by
ballot for President and Vico Presi
dent ono of whom shall not bo an in
habitant of tho same Stato with them
solves. And they shall make
liminct lists of all persons voted for
as President, and of all tho persons
voted for as v ico President, ami ot
tho number of votes for each, which
lists they shall sign and certify, and
transmit sealed to tho seat of tho Gov
ernment of tho United States, direct
ed to the President of tho Senate. The
President of tho Senate shall, in the
presenco ot tho Senate and House of
Representatives, open all tho oertifi
cates, and tho votes shall then be
counted. Tho person having tho
greatest number ot votes for Presi
dent shall bo President, if such num
ber bo a majority of tho wholo num
ber of E'cctors appointed," etc
J5y acta ot 1792 and 18U4, as adopt
IN TUB REVISED STATUTES
Of the United States, tho following
regulations are mado:
Sec. 135. The Electors for each
State shall meet and give their votes
upon the first Wednesday in Decern
ber in tho year in which they are ap
pointed, at such place, in each State,
as tho Legislature of such Stato shall
See 13G. It shall bo tho duty of tho
executive of each Stato tocauso three
ists of the names of the Electors of
each State to be made and certified,
and to be delivered to the Electors on
or bef ire the day on which they aro
required, by the preceding Beotion, to
Seo. 137. Tho Electors shall voto
for President and Vico President, re
spectively in tho manner directod by
Sec. 138. Tho Electors shall mako
and sinn three certificates of all the
votes o-iven bv them, each of which
certificates shall contain two distinct
lists, one of tho votes for President,
and tho other of the votes for Vice
President, and shall annex to each of
tho certificates ono of the lists ol the
Electors which shall have been fur
oished to them by direction of tho ex
ecutive of the Slate.
Sec. 139. Tho Electors shall seal up
the certificates so made by them, and
certify upon each thatthe listsof all the
votes of such State are given for Pres
ident, and of all the votes civen for
Vice President are contained therein.
See. 140. The Electors shall dispose
of the certificates thus made by them
in the following manner:
One. Thev shall, bv writing under
their hands, or under tho hand of
majority ot them, appoint a person to
take charge of and deliver to the
President of tho Senate, at tho seat of
Government, before the first Wednes
day in January then next ensuing,
one of the certificates.
Two. They shall forthwith forward
by the posto'lfice to the President of
the Senate, at the seat of Government,
one other of the certificates.
Three. They shall forthwith cause
the other of the certificates to be de
livered to the judge of that district in
which the Electors shall assemble.
Sec. 142. Congress shall be in ses
sion on tho second Wednesday in
February succeeding every meeting
of the Electors, and tho certificates,
or so many of thtra as have been re
ccived, shall then be opened, the votes
counted, and the persons to fill the of
fices of President and Vice President
ascertained and declarod agreeable to
On aeveral occasions prior to 18G9,
l obiections had born made to recti v
j ing the votes of certain Slates on ac
I count of
But no such voto was ever formally
rejected. In 18G4 a resolution was.
adopted by Congress excluding the
electoral votes of States then in rebeli
lion, but as no votes wore received
from any of them none wcro rejected.
A precedent was, however, set for tbe
rejection of tho voto of a Stato by a
joint resolution concurred in by both
Houses ot Congress.
When tho questions aroso during
the first half of tho century touching
tho acceptance or rejection of .ha
votos of btates tho returns from which
were irregular, long debates somo
times arose which seriously intorforod
with tho prompt annouueeinent of
tho result. To cut off such debate,
tho Twenty-second joint ruie of the
two Houso was adopted in 18G5, and
readoptcd by each succeeding Con
gress except tho present. The fol.
lowing is tho text of the rule:
If upon the rcadiug of any Buch ccr-
tifiento by tho tellers any question
shall arise in regard to tho counting
of tho votes therein certified, tho samo
being Btated by tho presiding oflioor,
tho Senate shall thereupon withdraw,
and said question shall bo submitted
to that body for its decision ; and tho
speaker of tho House shall in like
manner submit the said questim to
iho House for us decision, and no
queslion shall be decided affirmative
ly, and no votes objected to shall be
oounted except by tho concurrent
votes of the two Houses, which being
obtained the two Houses shall reas
semble, and tho presiding officer shall
then announce tl-.o decision ot tho
question submitted ; and upon such
question there shall be no debate in
either House, and any other question
to this object tor which tho two
Houses are assembled may bo sub
mitted and determined in liko man
ner." IN 1873 ELECTORAL VOTES WERE RE
From soveral States under this rule,
but its operation was found to be so
unsatisfactory that tho sontimont at
that timo was almost unanimous not
only for its repeal but also for an en-
tiro chaugo in tho modo ot elcoting
President. It wns repealed at tho
last session of Congress by a failure
of tho Senate to adopt it.
From this hasty view it appears (1)
that tho President of the Senate has
never assumed to determine any ques
tion os to the validity of tho vote re
ceived from any Stato, but that, when
such questions have arisen, they have
invariably boon referred to tho two
Houses ot Congress tar their decision,
(2.) I hat neither House of Con
gress by itself has ever olaimed the
right to reject tho vole of any Stato,
or to determine, ia oaso two sots ol
roturns from a single State appear.
which of them shall bo counted, ex
cept by authority of tho Twenty-seo.
ond Joint Uulo, whioh no longer ex
(3.) That whilo neither tho Consti
tution nor tho laws of tho United .
States exprossly provido tho means of
determining controversies that may
ariso in regard to the counting of the
electoral vote of any State, that pow
er has been exercised by the concur
rent action of the two Houses ot Con
gress. BEN. ItUTLEa's VIEW.
From an Intarrisw In tits Herald,
Reporter Do you think, then, that
the two Houses must agree on tho
votes before they aro counted ?
Gen. Butler It any instrument
says that A and B are to do a thing
for example, to mako an award or
enter a judgment can A do it with
out B, or can B do it without A? If
both Houses are to count by tho Con
stitution, can ono count without tho
other? If so, whioh? If our Repub
lican friends in Louisiana, in their
letter, had claimed tho right in tho
President of tho Senato to adjudicate
as to tho propriety or rightfulness of
tho electoral vote when they mado
tho claim that ho was to count them
I should have thought it very signifi
cant ; but as they havo insisted that
he is merely a machine or clerk to
register what is sent him, I don't
think tho Democratic party will be
likely to bo much moved by their
manifesto which certainly leaves the
President of the Senate about as harm
less a piece of clockwork as could well
be imagined, it being his only duty
to tick out whatever is placed in the
wheels. I believo that whoever has
tho counting of the voto in the last
resort to determine an election, has
right to scrutinise that vole, ascertain
its legality, its fairness and truthful
ness, and whether it represents ia the
case of a vote by proxy, as the eleo
tors are, the will of the people who
are their constituents. All that, of
course, cannot be done by the Proi
dent ot the Senate, and therefore
must be done by the two Houses, If
it can be donb by the Prosident of
the Senate then the most alarming
stnde against the rights ot the peo
plo is mado when the claim is made
that the President of the Seuate is to
count the votes,