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ESTABLISHED FOR TUB DISSEMINATION OF DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES, AND TO EARN AN EONEST LIVING BY THE SWEAT OF OUR BROW
VOL. 1X.-NO. 59.
EUGENE CITY, OREGON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1876.
$2.50 per year IN AOYANCE.
CEO; J BUYS.Pro'p.
HATES OF ADVKHTW1NS.
livertinement" inserted u fullow. :
)ue square, 10 line, or lew, one insertion each
Mequent insertion II. Cash require.! in a tvui.
?ime advertiser, will be charfred at the lull., vn..
' " .mo yov v
. i.jut Uiiti'ai. i" loeal ei'luuin, 30 iula liuc
' . ., imertwu. ,
uniM Kills will t rendered quarterly.
" , i Ht niii ran o iikhvkm. '1'
m. tu 7 p. ii itn 'cyH
' ' V'v t 'ii : ii ' f ?
Ml I It' IV'" Mill'.'
mkliii .m 1 Tiling
' . C u.vYi in
v lit it 1 P..H.
.iV y tultunlhui tiftei
.ml ! ue leit .tithe 'ilti
. !. EH -ON, P M
. A. H. Hill A. M.
Ve hiestiiys iu eiwh
S'u. I. 0.
Da. s e
i.H.atuI nom pr
maiiently in the
' 'nderwood JHc'-
V GUNS, RIFLES,
Ki'painng done in
,; and -Warranted.
' inus, Safes, Locks,
mini ion furnished.
ipposite Star Bakery.
uranasinj Agent, .
Watches, Chains, Jewelry, etc.
i Promptly Executed.
.r All Work Warranted.?
POST OFFICE BUILDIXO.
WilU .ette Kighth Su., Eugene City.
Bonk and Stationery Store,
POST OFFICE BUILDING, EUGENE
City. I have on hand and am constantly
receiving an assortment of the Best Schol and
Miscellaneous Books Stationery, Blank Books,
Portfolios, Cards, Wallets, Blanks, Portmon
naes, etc., eta A. & PATTERSON.
GALLISON & 0SBURN
ARE OFFERING TO THE PUBLIC
SUGARS, TEAL, COFFEE,
CANNED GOODS, TOBACCO ft
CIGARS, GLASS AND QUEENS
WARE, WOOD AND WILLOW WARE,
BREAD CAKES AND PIES,
And in fact everything usually kept in a first
cUm Grocery Store or Bakery, at BEI-ROCK
PRICES for cash or ready pay. Satisfaction
Goods delivered to any pait of the aty free
NEW HARNESS SHOP.
At Dunn's Old Stand,
JrEEPB CONSTANTLY OS HASD A GOOD
L assortment of of
Hack, Baggy & Team Harness,
Carry Comb and Bnuhet
And rmrthing bsuJIt kept la a 6rl class Ear
less Shop. j4
AH aohacrintinna Lj the State UnivercitT are
smw amr due. The ppnv has been acoepud nru p
by and turned over to the Sute, and I am ia- uvyvQ
stroctH bv the prop! authorities U prred
and prflect all sum at m. j
Attorr.tr at U".
Mrs. Renfrew'. Brick Building.
All styles of Garments Soade to order, and
FIT AND WORKMANSHIP
Cutting done to order.
Tiu Naturalists' Agency
iLTN ESTABLISHED at 3725
Lme ist.;r Avruue, Philadelphia, for the
purp.wo o; :. lying collectors of objects of Alst
ur.u jii.ij.Y an opportunity of buvinir.
; their duplicates or collec
..i rravins, i now ready
i all customers. To
ii cents lor postage. I
. nation to my remark
. . JA:oN .Stone, of which
. .. V-nt!iof all the speci
. 1 ty made six trips to the
i i . ;.aicly say uo more
. do from 13 cents to
. j .a o. Minerals
. u.t.uri, Professors, Physi-
V.ur xVo esiiunal .Men.
a ill ,
. - '.I ...C iu A...
ii.iaiy :n:a iv.. :j
j J un'-i spcios, n Hiiu
lid l.l Ul).it O.INJS till) c .
til9 I vil.l..
aiai i, ; i ...u
. .ji.ioa oi the iu.uoimI.
Ail OjiiuOH.JIH. ".Mill, l.
jujht, for the Chemist
; low prices, as Samar
,e 23c. per lb., Brookit.
ib.. Kutile pure 25c. pel
per lb., Blende 10c. per lb.
iht the famous Chilton Col
orals and Shells, which has been
. at Titfany's for the past two
. original price asked was $3,000. Ii
;.l a number of uncqualed things, amonj.
'a liutile in Quartz, for which Mr. Chilton
' d o kred $ 150 gold. A perfect spning-mur
lis herbarium of Iowa plants that receive,
i. ,e axm i, is placed in my hands foi
fcoJ. i'he case alone is worth $150.
;L, JM worth' of Rocky Mountain
v "t-iir Sjwoimens, Mounu
i'E, M. D.
KINO & SUMMER TRADE !
Vr ' MEU to infurm uiir friend, and Uie public
that we have just renewed direct from Bar.
n and the Eastern nuukets
AN IMMENSE STOCK
NOTIONS. . CLOTHING,
HATS AND CATS,
BOOTS AND SHOES,
Clocks, Paints, Oils, Etc.,
elected by our Mr. S. Rosenblatt, which we
Parties will find it to their advantage to cal.
and exnmirs our stock and prices before purchas
Highest price paid for all kinds of Produce
S. ROSENBLATT & CO.
SELLING AT COSTI
FOR SIXTY DAYS.
Manufacturer and Dealer in
Lead, Hack and Wheel
Warranted California Leather.
SADDLES OF ALL KINDS,
SURCINGLES. HORSE COVERS,
LASH and BUGGY WHIPS, .
COMBS and BRUSHES,
Thankful for past favors I would respectfully
solicit a continuance of the same.
Persons knowing: themselves indebted to me
either by note or account, are requested to make
settlement by Jan. 1, 1877, or payment must be
enforced. WL PRESTON.
The "WAVERLY MAGAZINE" is the
handsomest and largest literary in the United
States, The articles are all complete in each
number. It also contains page of music for
the Piano, and double the reading of any other
paper. Sixteen different number, will be sent
to any 'part of the country, post-paid, for one
dollar. No one will regnt taking a dollar',
worth as it will give good reading for three
GEO. J. BUiS,
AND JOB PRINTER
EUGENE CUT. OBKrtO
rpji BEST SHOES EVEE ikOL'CHt 10
. , I. O-S-ZSlilCZa'-
' 1 weed's Travel and Capture.
, , NY. World. ,.
The fact that Tweed will soon bo on
his native shores again iLduces the
State Department to make public all
that it knows of his escape and capture
which, compiled from official records,
is to the following enect. Iwaeaes
caped Irom New York in a (schooner,
and was landed in a small boat from
this schooner in ah obscure spot,
known as fishing 'town, ten miles
south of Santiago do Cuba. The
vessel that brought Tweed from New
York merely put into tho small port
lor the purpose ot landing 1 weea ana
a young man who accompanied him.
Alter the two were placed on shore
the small boat returned to tho schoon
er, whoso name is unknown to the
officials, when she headed about and
put out to the sea again. A Cuban
TI1E SECRET LANDING
Of these two men, and at once sus
pected them of bein? men coming
with aid and comlort for the Cuban
insurgents. Tho suspicious ot in
fisherman were still lurlher increased
by the two men approaching in n ..
offering him a considerable sum
money to convey thi m over to S.m
ago de Cuba, where they wished
go. Ho complied with their r.
quest, pocketed their money, an.
i '.loyally turned them over to th
' " l' nthorities as suspicion
vho had landed upon tin
i a secret manner thai
,3.ice certainly demanded
pianation. Tweed ana his com
' uuion asserted that they were trav
eling for their health, but told s
many conflicting stories as to still
further accumulate suspicion against
them. Tweed also exhibited pass
ports made out at the State 'Depart
ment at Washington for himself un
der the name of Secor and Hunt foi
his companion, and which appear tc
have been obtained sometime befoiv
Tweed's escape. Tweed saidjie wai
a citizen of Florida and his passport
confirmed him, aid he was
VERY INDIGNANT AT HIS ARREST.
Notwithstanding his explanations
and his passports, he was placed in
the custody of the admiral of the
Spanish fleetrat Santiago de Cuba, it
being thought that as Tweed was
captured while traveling by sea In
belonged us a matter of right to
tho naval authorities. Tho American
consul at Santiago do Cuba, Alfred
N. Young, reported all tho facts ol
tho capture of these American citi
zens to Consul General Hall at Ha
vana. Hall at onco reported by tele
graph to the State Department here
all the facts in the case as they had
been sent to him. The State De
partment at onco examined its records
and found that the passports referred
to were regular, and had been "ob
tained, as the records showed, in due
lorm. It then occurred to Secretary
Fish, who was familiar with the
many sensational stories that had
been published in New York con
cerning Tweed's escape, that those
two men, Secor and Hunt, might be
tho missing ones. He at once sent
on a photograph of Tweed to Hall
to have Secor, if possible, indentilied.
This of course occupied some time,
but Tweed was meanwhile kept in
custody. Promptly upon tho receipt
of Tweed's photograph Hall dis
patched it to Santiago de Cuba,
Hill then' telegraphed to Secretary
Fish that the man calling himself
Secor was Tweed, and asked for in
structions. Secretary Fish at once
sent back word to the Consul Gene
ral to go to the Captain General Jo
vellar and present to him a full state
ment of the case, and request the
Spanish Government deliver him up
to the United States authorities.
To this Jovellar replied that it would
give him much pleasure to grant the
request. He at once issued an order
addressed to the Admiral or the
Spanish Fleet requesting him to
turn Tweed over to the Consul Gen
eral at Havana, who was to hold him
in custody until a United States ves
sel could be sent for him. Secretary
Fish recounted to Robeson what had
been done, and the latter . directed a
war vessel lying at Port Royal, South
Carolina, to go to Havana for Tweed.
But meanwhile it seems that Tweed
had strong friends iu Cuba, who aid
ed him in
AGAIN MAKING II 18 ESCAPE.
An influential resident ot Santiago
de cuba, not a Spaniard or an Ameri
can, whose name is withheld by the
State Department, wa instrumental
in persuading the Spanish Admiral
to release Tweed upon his parole to
visit Santiago de Cuba. Of course
he violated his parole at once and
again escaped. Consul Young then
found ont which way be bad gone,
r ' t.n l., 1 - 4 . .t
ttUU I.U4I. UB Id'A MbCII 4M4COIl 11.13 j
Carmen, .panib trading bark,1
bound for Vigo, Spain. Hill, at
Havana, reported tL? escape to Jo-!
tuler. who was ver udirir.t.
a - B7..
41-- ii occe cocsucicitet trj carl")
wuii tin- Government at Madrid, and
it promptly responded by saying that
a careful watch would be kept for the
Carmen at Vigo, and that upon her
landing there her two passengers
would be arrested and locked up to
await the call for them by the Amer
ican authorities. This was in accord
ancs wivl Jovellar's demand, and was
regarded here as satisfactory, as it
CAPTtBB A MERE QUESTION OF TIME.
The very day that the news arrived
hero of the arrival of the Carmen at
Vigo' and Tweed's arrest information
was received at tho Navy Depart
ment that the United States steamer
Franklin was at Gibraltar, upou tho
eve of departing upon a homeward
cruise. Instructions were at once
cabled to her officers to proceed to
Vigo and take Tweed on board and
bring him along. It is supposed that
Tweed's companion is his nephew, al
though that point is of secondary im
portance to the State Department,
and no further information concern
ing him has been sought.
The passport which was obtained
for Tweed in tho name of Secor accu
rately describes him, and was grant
ed upon application by letter of So
cor,who wrote that he was a citizen
of Florida temporarily in New York,
and desired to go abroad.
CHAMPAGNE TOO MUCH.
Hint on ilir decent Indian Cant
pulzn -Tin- Army Had Lost No In
(IIiiiin and Hid Not Want o Find
"Buffalo Bill." (Mr. William Codv.)
the faraotis scout, has boen telling the
correspondent of tho Chicago Tribune
some curious stones which may throw
a few rays of light upon the Indian
He said phinly that the soldiers
did not want or intend to fight ; that
he had worn himself out finding In
dians, and when ho did discover their
whereabouts thero was no one ready
to "go for them." To use his own
language there was no one connected
with the army had lost any Indians,
and consequently they were not go
ing to hunt for any. He said he had
pointed out fresh trails, and they had
been pooh-poohed as old and when
ho reported bodies of the enemy, no
troops could bo got ready until all
hope ot pursuit had faded away. This
and much more to the same effect, fell
from tho lips of the noted scout, who
seemed untiring and outspoken in his
denunciation of tho entire business.
Were his stories uncorroborated,
there would be some excuso for pars
ing them by or attributing them to
excess of vindictiveness consequent
upon some real or imaginary affront ;
bu, unfortunately they are fully con
firmed by the Indian scouts employ
edCrows, Rees and Mandans; these
all tell tho same tale that they found
'much Sioux" often, and that there
was no fighting.
Many are outspoken in the opin:o
that one of the causes of the fai m
has been intemperance; and thero nr
circumstances which go to givecolm
if not confirmation, to this outside o
direct evidence. I should lik to rui
over the freight bills of the Norther
Pacific Railroad, and find out ju
how inuo;i whiskey, ale and wino n
been shipped to Bufor 1 and the Yel
lowstone country this Summer by
C. Leigh ton, post trader at Butord,
and Whiting & Co., post traders at
Lincoln, and by the commissary nnd
medical departments. I do not be
lieve halt a dozen boats have come up
the river that have not brought g
of this description among their
goes. One man in the employ
trader said that the line of Terry's
march could be followed by the trail
of empty champagne bottles. Anoth
er, also in a trader's employ, told me
that one evening he had opened in the
officer's department of the trader's
tent one hundred and eighty-seven
bottles of ale, besides whiskey and
A .Tfodexl nan.
The modest man ot America lives
in Rochester, New York, and has
given the valuable museums to the
University of Virginia and Washing
ton and Lee University. The rector
of the University of Virginia wished
to have a life-size, portrait of their
benefactor, to be placed in the muse
um hall after the donor shall have
passed away, or when be may have
decided to permit his name to be
made public. Mr. replied that
he was an obscure man, and did not
wish to have his oaracassociated with
that of the great Thomas Jefferson, of
whom he was an enthusiastic admirer
hu thought it would favor of pre
sumption. He further expressed hi
intention to make the museum" ot the
University of Virginia the mot ex
tensive and valuable in America.
Thero will be expended on it 870,000,
and it U estimated that it will take
$20,000 to carry out the deeign ot
the donor with regard to the Wash -
irglcn aad Lte University.
Ha-ree beat TUdeo 3,073 ia New SfVnp-hira.
. - s
Soma Other Occasion When Ike Con
teal Was close.
(From the Boston Traveller.)
Should the successful candidate
owe his triumpth to his having re
ceived the favors ot a small state or
two, ho would not stand alone in the
list, for more than one man has been
made President of the Unitod Slates
by a meagre majority cast' either in
the Electoral Colleges or at the polls,
or at both places. Our first contest
ed presidential election, in 1790-7,
was decided so closely that tho change
ot two electoral votes would have
placed Thomas Jefferson, instead of
John Adams, at the head ot the na
tion, as Washington's immediate sic
cessor. Mr. Adams had seventy
one votis, and Mr. Jefferson sixty
eight. One of Mr. Adams' votes
c ime from Virginia, and another from
North Carolina, and had these two
vot s been given for Mr. Jefferson,
hu would have had 70 votes, and Mr.
Adams 69 and tho Virginian would
havo been elected by ono majority.
Ono of the electoral votes for Mr. Ad
ams, chosen in Maryland, was obtained
by only four majority; and, had it
been secured for Mr. Jefferson, he
would have had 69 votes, and Mr.
Adams 70 and the latter would have
been elected by one majority. There
were 133 electoral yotes at that lime,
and about 47 less than ono half the
present number; so that, should the
successful candidate on the 7th ct
November 1876, roooivo 8 majority
in tho Electoral College, ho would be
e'eoted about as well us John Adams
was olected 80 years sinco. Consid
ering what nnd who John Adams
was, 8 majority in 187R would bo noth
ing to be ashamed of on tho part ot
cither of our candidates nnd noth
ing to be proud of, it must bo ad
ded. Mr. Jefferson defeated Presi
dent Adams in 1800-01, when ho had
73 electoral votes nnd tho Prosident
65, or majority of 8, equal to about
20 majority in 1876-77. In 181213,
a change of 20 voles in the college
would have prevented the re-election
ot President Madison, who received
128 electoral votes, while Do Witt
Clinton got 89. In 1830-87, Mr.
Van Buren would liavo tailed of an
election h id there been a change in
23 electoral votes, as ho had about 22
over the number necessary to a choice,
and Pennsylvania, having 80 suih
votes, gave him but a small popular
majority. A change of 3,000 in thai
state's popular vote would have de
feated him in the colleges, by sending
30 Whig electors to the Pennsylvii
nian college. As it was, Colonel
Johnson, the Democratio candidate
for the Vice-presidency, was defeat
ed in the colleges because Virginia
would not support him, her 23 votes
.being given tor William Smith, ol
Alabama. Colonel Johnson was
chosen by the Senato, the only in
stance of the kind known in our
history. Great as wore the popular
raajowy and the electoral majority
given for General Harrison in 1840
41, he would havo been defeated in
the colleges had it been possible to
change some eight or nine thousand
votes in tho stales of New York,
Pennsylvania, Maine, and New Jer
sey. Those Mai us cast 88 .electoral
votes; which adned to ino ou sucn
votes that Mr. Van Buren received,
would have given him just tho cum
ber necessary to a choice; and yet
thero would have been a popular ma
jority ot more than 100,000 against
him. The four states named gave
him a po u'ar vote of almost 900,000
though their united majorities' tor
General Harisson did not much ex
ceed 16,000 New York giving' him
more than 13,000, Now Jeoey about
2,300, Maine 410, and Peniihylvania
313. It was very close work, and
thero would have been very great
trouble had the Democratic vote been
so increased as to defeat General
Harrison in , the colleges, after the
people had so decidedly indicated
their preference for 'him at '.he
polls. Some men leared there would
bo i pronunciimcnto. At the election
of 1841 45, Mr. Polk was chosen to
the Presidency through tho aid ot the
New York electors, who were J16 in
number; and as Mr. Polk had 170
votes, and the number necessary to a
choice was 138 the whole number
of electors being 275 he would
have bad 134 voles, had New York
decided against him. Mr. Clay hud
105 votes, and, had he received New
York'o vole, ho wovld havo been
chosen by 141 votes, or by a majority
of only five votes. The Democratic
popular majority in New York was
email a jout 5,000, we think; s that
a m ill changu thero would have Mib
aiiluted Mr. Clay for Mr. .Polk as
President, and thus h ive changed the
whole) current ot our political history
for tho last 32 years. The Whigs
attributed their del at in the Empire
Staio, r-t to the aoi.n of the Liber
ty parly in running Mr. Birncy for the
Presidency; and kecond'.y, to Demo
cratic fraudulent voting in New York
Ciiy. It U proh.,b!sf thai they were
right, and that tho two thing vi
spore than tbt y could stand ; but it
never required much to kill the
Whigs as polilicans, for they were
always on the vorge of committing
suicide. In 1813 9, the change of 19
electoral votes would have given the
Presidenoy to Gcnornl Csss, as Gene
ral Taylor's vote was 1G3, and that
of General Cass. 127 ; and some of the
Taylor votes wore cot by small ma-
joritics. The elections since tou3-
do not require particular mention.
II IKakc Them Gentle.
From th Standard.
Thf Radicals for two or three days
after tho election, when they believed
they had a reasonable excuse to claim
a victory for Hayes, were rather blus
trous supposing tho Democrats might
rosist their legal right to inaugurate
Hayes. But since t hey find that they
can only gel such a victory through
fraud nnd corruption, they havo be
oomo the pinks ot pence makors nnd
now they want tho people to submit
to their frauds, and if they can only
get them to acquiesce that is all that
is wanted. If the Republicans aro
honost and proposo to submit to the
verdict of tho people, why Grant's
war preparations? What docs that
mean ? We are opposed to war, nnd
unless the Radicals proposo to carry
out the threats they inado beforo the
election, there is no danger of nny
trouble. But tho people demand
their rights nnd they will have them.
Radicals said beforo tho election that
tho Republicans would not submit if
dofealed. It now remains to bo seen
whether they propose to carry out
their throats. J. B. Allen, member
of Congress from Massachusetts, said
at Lynn "to stand prepared to prevent
by force, if necessary iho inauguration
of President Tilden. Senator Pat ter-'
son, ot Snuin Carolina, repeatedly
made similar assertions. And tho
Raleigh, North Carolina, Ncm of Oc
tober 2!)lh announces that Mr. R C.
Badger, the United Slates District At
torney for the Eastern District of
North Carolina, asserted in a speech
at Newbern that "the United States
Senato would refuse to declare Tilden
elected it he did receive a majority of
the Electoral Collego, and would
most certainly reject, vho returns from
South Carolina, Louisiana and Florida
provided thoso States voted for Til
den." Perhaps the human race iuy
not lose much if thpse people really
undertake to carry their threats ium
notion, remarks the New York Wrll:
'!They may expect a dec.tnt burial at
the hands of a Deiuocr alio Govern
ment, lut no oontrint. Ir 'head
stones' will be made. All that is iu-c
esHiiryin this matter is foi i ho liepuli
licans to act Innestly, surrender , the
Government to their sticr.s-ors, m I
four years hence they can have an up
portnnity to try to regain power. .V.
danger of war if the, Radumls do n I
propone to overthrow the Government
and retain power against the will o
LSI Ike l'eoplo Think.
From the Standard.
The Springfield Republican, whirl,
supported Mr. Hayes, in its issue ol
tho 11th, tays :
Though the peopli hiive voted for I'nyi
dint, they don't seem to huve elected one.
That purl of the business is reserved lor the
politicians wlio count tlw Vot.'.
The Republican is probably the
most independent paper hi tho United
Statos, having in the late canvass sup
ported Hayes for the Presidency and
Charles Francis Adams tor Goxcrnor,
and it enn be seen from the above ex
tract that it concedes that liiu people
have voted for the President, but tho
politicians will elect. Thero is a vol
ume in thisfcmall extract.
Our readers will remember that tho
Radicals declared that the elect ion ot
Tilden would causo ruin to our finan
cial interest and they in ide the best
ot the story. The R:puhHcui of thu
same dato his the following on this
Now wW.' h.ei the bminpgs pjnic coiei
Ii? Gold ba teeo at IO'J.7 8 uiit.uiiiiiy
for u week. It closed st that on Mmiil.iy ;
on Tnerduv, thero was nn ni irkei , on Wed-ni-sd
iy. it opened al 10!) 7-8, udvuiieed la
110 1-8. und Hnully dropped tolul) l-2.clis-in
ut Ihul figure on the confirmation d Til-d'-n's
el.-clion, the lowest qnolution for some
diji. The people who uuVcted sui h a fren
zy ol panic over the prospeel of a Demo
cratic victory ou,'ht to bo thoroughly
lubiuied of iheuielvei iioir. A woek uijij
we credited I ho in wiib Die ubilily to curry
up (fold temporarily lor Ue simulator Land
perhaps 2 per Cent., but thu surprising result
has been a considerable fall in tho premium,
if Ihe election bus bud iivriltt whatever la
Wail street. .
And iu the present nn se tiled blato
of aff lirv, with the ch.iiices in favor of
Gov. Tilden, gold is quoted al 109 3-4.
This shows what will be the result
when it is declared beyond question
that the people have tlecU'd Samuel
Oae biindint nuk.i and Shoftioup Indians
hate j m.ed ti-n Cn -k at K 'do. I V lolal
rti.ih ut hi c.i inii .ltd W iiow 2.000. CW.y
j ll..ri- with 4'Ml nairi.ir istucunped " the
pUtl w tt LlUl IU tOUUlM 1UU
ac'jon of ihe pjerj.