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About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 13, 1882)
1TEW QOODS !
Just Beceived At
J; Senders', Qorvallis, Oregon:
FRIDAY MORNING, OCT. 13, 1882.
Dry Goods, Boys and Mens Clothing, Ladies Fancy Goods, Gents'
BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS AND CAPS,
And a general As- (ITU CD PflflHO Too numerous to
sortmentof UlFfUl UUUUu mention,
WWch trill be Sold on the most Reasonable terms of any
Honse in Oregon.
Call and examine our goods before pur-
C. H. WHITNEY & CO.
Having recently located in Corvallis, we take pleasure in announcing to
the trading public that we have just opened our Spring stock of
Boots and Shoes,
Hats and Caps.
ALSO A FULL LINE OF
Fancy Dress Goods,
Our stock has been selected with the greatest care, and for quality and
cheapness is second to none. Having a resident buyer in the leading markets
we are enabled to purchase latest style goods at lowest prices. Call and ex
amine our stock before purchasing, and save from '
XO to SO
ON PURCHASES BY DEALING AT OUR
ONE PRICE STORE.
C H. WHITNEY & CO
E. R. MEEEIMAN,
AGENT FOR THE WOR LD-LENO WNED
DECKER BROTHERS PIANOS,
J. & C. FISCHER'S- PIANO,
The leading and best second-class Piano on therrrarfcet
Old and Established. Standard Mason & Hamlin Orean
The FU losophy of Pruning.
A Prise Essay by J. F. WUhite, Boone Co., Mo.
The pruning of fruit trees and
vines are the most difficult of all ope
rations connected with the manage
ment of orchards and vinyards, as no
ste of rules or principles can oe given
which will enable persons acquainted
with the principles of vegetable
growth, to become successful prac
titi oners. A tree is not a simple in
dividual organism like a horse or
man, but it is composed of a number
of individuals, sometimes amounting
to many millions, each one being
able under favorable circumstances
to maiutaui its own existence, not
onlv when in connection with, but
when separated from the community
in which it was; or, it may be easily
transferred to another society, and
will there grow and produce its kind
in undiminished vigor. Hence, for
any one to tell on paper the proper
time to prune trees and vines under
all circumstances, would be a task
which has never yet been accomplish
ed, and which we do not expect to
perform-. in this place. But it is not
difficult to state what effects follow
pruning at a given period when dit
ft-rent parts of a tree or vine is prun
ed. The pruuer should have a per-
feet understanding of what ho de
sires to do by pruning. Before he
severs a single bud he should thor
oughly understand the flowing of
sap. There is no chance of correct
ing a bad mistake in pruning; for if
one pinches off a bud that should re
main it will be ruinous to the form of
It is a practice with a great many
persons,who have the management s
orchards, to allow the trees to grow
at random for several years and then
to walk in with an ax and saw and
remove half of the branches. There
never was a more ruinous practice
than this to trees of any kind; and
there never was a more grievous er
ror promulgated than to allow ambush
or tree to grow at its own pleasure
for a few years, and then give it
thorough and severe pruning. Th
ruinous consequence of such pruning
is manifest whenever we see trees
treated in this way. The trunks are
decaying; and where large branches
cut off, the wounds were bo great
that nature could not heal them
vv nen trees nave Deen treated in
this way we can never aid nature in
making them strong and vigorous,
Whenever a branch is severed from
a tree or yine, there should be good
reason for so doins.
THIXGS TO BE KEPT IK VIEW WHILE
First, plants obtain food throuah
their roots from the ground, and
the leaves obtain food from the air.
Second, the leaves and bark are the
stomach of the plants. The plants
digest the food in the leaves and
green bark. In removing leaves
from plants care should be taken to
leave enough to digest the food.
Third, leaves and bark exhale water.
A sunflower three feet high gives off
thirty ounces of water in twenty-four
hours. Fourth, sap has a tendency
to flow to the extremities of the
blanches. Fifth, the sap gets richer
as it flows through the cells to the
npper portion of the branch. Sixth,
after the frost in the fall, the sap does
not go to the extremities of the
branches, but is deposited in the
body of the tree, Seventh, buds de
velop sooner on branches cut short
than on branches cut long. Eighth,
when the sap is abundant and weak
it produces wood, and when strong
it produces fruit. Ninth, sap flows
faster in a perpendicular branch:
hence the tree grows faster. Tenth,
the fruit decreases as the sap increas
es. To make a thrifty tree bear well
we should shorten the branches.
Eleventh, to increase the amount of
sap is to increase the size of fruit.
Twelfth, different plants bear their
fruit on wood of various ages. Some
bear fruit on wood that is formed
that year, as the fig; some on wood
that is one year old, as the peach;
ana some on wood that is two vears
old, as the apple and pear.
The paws-of plants are formed in
the following order: Roots first,
stems second, leaves, branches and
OBJECTS GAINED IN PRUNING.
First, prune to promote the growth.
Second, to cheek the growth. Third,
to cure disease and sue off all diseased
portions. Fourth, to shorten the
branches. Fifth, to renew the head
of plants. Sixth, to adjust the heads
to the roots by shortening the branch
es. Seventh,, prune to modify the
form as in fruit trees and hedge.
Eighth , to make the head thicker or
thinner. Ninth, to increase the
quantity of frnit. Tenth, to increase
the quality and size of fruit.
Eleventh, to make fruit earlier or
later as is desirable. Twelfth, to se
cure a crop every year. As a gene
ral thing the first time a tree bears
it is very full and does not bear any
the next year. It thus contracts the
habit of bearing alternately; and to
prevent this, when it is full we should
pick off part of the frnit. Thirteenth
prune to secure the growth of a cer
tain part of the tree. Fourteenth, to
prevent injury by drouth.
WHY WE PRUNE.
We prnne trees and vines to pro
mote fullness of fruit, to prevent the
production of much small fruit; and
to produce fairer and larger fruit; and
also to make trees and vines grow to
a more desirable form. We prune
to aid nature, for, when a plant send
forth several branches it cannot sup
. ii , -
pun .m, so it wouia oe nest to re
move some of them. Before a per
son prunes a tree he ought to
able to state what kind of a tree
' J - 1 ... T
muesirous or making, in prunin
if a bud appears where a branch
not needed, it Bhould be cut off.
is deemed by some persons best to
prune about a fortnight before mid
summer, as the wounds made at that
time heal more rapidly and freely
than at any other iime. There is
rising close to the main stock where
the limb should be cut. Forked
trees should be avoided, as they ai
more liable to split apart than
straight ones. When two small
sprouts become rivals, let one be
kept back by pruning, or be trained
as a Iareral branch, or else cut it off
entirely. A fork should not b
allowed to lorm on any small twig.
tor one ot them will be sure to split
J n m.
uown. Mi-ape pruning. mere are
several methods for the -training o
vines, and they must be pruned dif
ferently in each method. They are
generally trained to the trellis and
are not allowed to bear until they are
three or four years old. Before th
. : , i i iii .1
muo mey suouia oe given me pro
per shape, which is done by cutting
off the top about eighteen inches
from the ground, and then allowing
it to branch at that place, When
the vine is large enough to bear,
three or four canes should be left
to produce fruit. The canes left
should be the most thrifty ones on
the vines, and should have from
eight to ten buds on them. Of the
ines several of those
which are at the proper distanc
rrom the ground, should be cut
back to one or two bads, from
which canes are raised to bear fruit
tne next year. Atter tins all re
maining canes should be cut off.
The proper time for pruning is in
the fall, after the leaves have fallen
ff. Though it may be done any
time during the winter if the
ground is not frozen. All of the
old canes which have already pro
duced fruit, should be cut off.
From the young canes which have
grown the previous jrear, are got
ten a new supply of bearing canes,
and also buds to Drodnce vonno-
Summer pruning consists in re
moving suckers, and pinching o3
the ends of the lateral shoots, leav-
ng two stalks or canes to bear
wood for the ensuing year. The
ends of all bearing branches -should
be pinched off just before they
bloom, Very few leaves should
be pulled off of any branches, and
none should be pulled from the
bearing ones. The object in prun
ing is to get rid of all the useless
and superabundant wood: for the
shoots of a vine which bear fruit
one year will never bear fruit
again. The sole object in pruning
a vine is to increase its fertility.
The best way to render it fertile is
to leave a sufficient supply of
bearing shoots, and as little wood
as possible. bummer pruning
commends itself by the small num
ber of wounds it causes to the vine;
and by the clean and handsome
appearance of the vine.
RUT.ES FOR GUIDANCE IN PRUNING.
Jfirst, always leave an Inch of
blank wood beyond the terminal
bud, and let the cut be "on the op
posite side from the bnd.
Second, always- eut upward and
in a sloping direction.
Third, prune as to make- but
few wounds, and cut the surface
as smooth as possible.
Fourth y in cutting out an old
branch prune even to the stem,
that the wounds may heal over
Fit th, prune so as to obtain the
quantity of fruit desired from th
Sixth, never prune when the
vines are frozen.
Seventh, never prune during the
months of March, April or May, as
pruning then will cause bleeding
and an unnecessary flow of sap .
Eighth, let the general autumnal
pruning take place about the first
of October, or as soon as the gath
ering of the fruit will permit.
Jews and Russians.
It is well known what the Russian
people think of Jews. The opinions
of both Judophile and Judophobe
journals are also known. Now it is
time to inquire what the learned men
have to say on the question. Mr. Le
ontovitch, Professor m the law De
partment of the Odessa University, in
an artical published in the Nabluda
tel (Observer) proves by Jewish au
thorities that our Jews have in se
cret an institution by means of which
they oppress non-Jewish people. He
says: "Kahal has existed among Jews
from time immemorial, as an institu
tion sanctioned by ancient popular
custom and by religion. In biblical
times the Jews had the Edah, or
family commune, and the Kahal, or
territorial commune, composed of a
number ot edahs. Uhe persecutions
suffered by the Jews from the Persi
ans, Egyptians and Romans, and af
terwards from different European
nations, served greatly to strengthen
the Kahal as a means of defense and
self preservation. Formerlyt the
Jewish Kah.il did not differ from the
cummune fonnd among the.. Romans,
Germans and Slavs, but the Kahal
is now a petrified institution that
lias no organic connection with con
temporary civilization. The Jews
must remain the enemies of ihe rest
of the world while their Kahal enfor
ces the following 1 1 alinudic rule:
"The property of the heathen (that is
of non-Jews) is like a desert he who
takes possession of it shall own it
According to this rule the property
of the non-Jewish population resid
ng in tne dist.uct or a Jvahai is re
garded as belong to the Kahal; there
fore, the Kahal sells to its members
meropia, or the exclusive right to
deal with a certain non-Jew, and
khozaka, or the exclusive right to get
any profit from a certain properity
Wherethere are"many Kahals the life
of the non-Jews becomes unbearable
nence anti-Jewish riots. How are
we to establish peaceand equality be-
ween the Jewish and the non-Jew
ish populations? It isevidenf that
first of all, the Kahal must be abol
shed. But experience teaches that
this cannot be done by law. It is
necessary to elevate the Jewish peas
antry so that they can form of them
selves a powerful organization which
mavcope successfully with the rap
acious tendencins of the Jewish Kah
al. In countries where the Jews
ave given up this odious rnle of the
Talmnd they live ni peace and broth
erhood witn tne non-Jewisn popu-
ations. Therefore the final and sat-
sfrstory settlement of the Jewish
question aepends upon tne Jews
themselves." Nbvoe Yremia.
Two doors north of the Vincent Honse
ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY EXECUTED.
Repairing and Cleaning at moderate Prices. 19-26yl
Druggist and Apothcaryy
AND DEALER IN
PAINTS, OIIS, VARNISHES, BRUSHES, GIASS, PETTY, TRUSSES.
SHOULDER BBAOES, TOILET ARTICLES 4C.
A full line ot Broks, Stationeiy and Wall Paper. Orr drugs are fresh and
well selected. Paescriptions compounded at all hours. 19-27yl
Wheat and other Grain Stored ontoeHbeoT" Terms by
SACKS FURNISHED TO PATRONS.
Farmers will do well to call on me before making arrangements elsewhere
It is not wealth, or fame, or state,
But "git up and git" that makes me
T HAVE JUST BEEN TO S. A. HEMPHILL'S TO
get one of those new all hand-made harness,
where all work is warranted. 19-15ui3
we. CURE w.
Quarantine- for Cattle.
A New York jonrnal says: The
subject of establishing quarantine at
this port for imported cattle was dis-
ussed by Deputy Collector Barret
and Prof. Law, of the United States
Cattle Commission, at the Custom
House to-day. The cattle Commis
sioners have devoted considerable
time to the inspection of various sites
for the proposed quarantine, and
they expect to decide upon a place
ery soon. The Government land
at Sandy Hook is said to be very suit-
ble for this purpose, and the Com
missioners intend to submit a report
to the Secretary of the Treasury con
taining their views on the different
sites inspected. The feeling among
the members of the commission and
cattle men generally is very strong
n favor of establishing cattle quar
antine. It is said there will be no
elay in bringing this matter to
nal settlement. The men interested
in the cattle trade in this city are
very earnest in their demands that
strict precautionary measures shall
be taken against the bringing of dis
eased cattle into this country. Cat
tle quarantine stations will undoubt
edly soon be established, not only at
this port, but at Boston, Philadelphia
Scientists now all admit that most diseases are
caused bv disordered Kidneys or liver, and that if
these great organs are kept in a perfect condition
health wiD be the result. WARNER'S SAFE KID
NEY AND LIVER CURE
Is made from a Simple Tropical Leaf
OF RARE VALUE,
And is a POSITIVE Remedy for the following
1'ain in the Back: Severe -Headaches:
Dizziness; Bloating; Inflamed
Eyes; A Tired Feeling1;
Pains in the Lower Part of the Body:
Palpitation of the Heart: Jaundice;
Gravel; Painful Urination; Ma
larial Fever; Fever
And all diseases caused bv the Kidnevs. Liver of
Urinary Organs being out of order.
It is a SAFE and CERTAIN cure for all Female dif
ficulties, such as
Lcueorrhcea; Tnfliimatlon of (he Womb;
tailing- or tbe Womb; liberation
of (he Womb.
Itwill control and regulate Menstruation, and is an
excellent and safe remedy for females during pregnancy.
As a Blood Purifier it is unequaled, for it cures the
organs that MAKE the blood. For
oi; Carbuncles; Scrofula; White Swel
ling; Salt fiheum; Poisoning by Mer
cury or any other Drug,
It is certain in every case.
For incontinence: Impotence: Pains in
(he Loins, and all Simi
It is a safe, sure and quick Cure.
It is the onlv known remedv that has cured Rrioiith
As a proof of the purity and worth of this Great
Natural Remedy, read the following
CHEMICAL ANALYSIS :
S. A LATTIMORE, Ph. D., L. L. D.. Professor of
Chemistry in the University of Rochester, N. Y. ,
Knowing tne popularity ana merit of Warner s Safe
Kidney and Liver Cure, after a thorough Chemical
Analysis, has furnished the following statement:
UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER,
ROCHESTER, N. Y., Jan. 8, 1880.
Mr. II H. Warner has placed in mv possession the
formula of the medicine manufactured and sold ov
him under the general designation of WARNER S
SAFE KIDNEY AND LIVER CURE. I have inves
tigated his processes of manufacture, which are con
ducted with extreme care and according to the best
methods. I have also taken from his laboratory sam
ples of all the materials used in the preparation of
this medicine, and upon critical examination I find
them, as well as the medicine into which they enter,
to be entirely free from poisonous or deleterious sub
stances. S. A LATTIMORE.
This Remedy which has done such wonders, is nuf-
up 111 nie i. iiu.i.i oi.r.L uuiiiii. oi any medi
cine upon the Market, and is sold bv Drusrtrists and
all dealers at $1.25 per bottle. For Diabetes enquire
for WARNER'S SAFE DIABETES CURE. It is a
H. H. WARNER & CO.
TO THE M AND AFFMED!
Those Suffering from Debility,
Nervous Prostration, Loss of
Vitality, Sexual Infirmities,
THE GREAT NEED THOSE HAVE" WHO ARB
suffering from SEXUAL AND NERVOUS COM
PLAINTS is a physician who can comprehend their
ailments and successfully treat them.
The general practitioner is not sufficiently ' skifle
in these classes of troubles to do so and it must l
left to the SPECIALIST, who by education, loir
practice, thorough knowledge and compreheusiv
mind, is prepared to cure them.
DR. J. C. YOUNG
Opened his now celebrated Institute in 1850 for the
purpose of affording the afflicted the certaintv of
honorable and skillful treatment and perfect "and
permanent restoration, and for over 30 years it has
sustained the first rank not only upon this Coast but
throughout the civilized world.
I am aware that by dwelling upon so uninvitinff a
subject as the DECAY OF SEXUAL VIGOR the
gnorant may asperse my motive, but
the desire to inform (hose who are suffering-
through ignorance) or who by eare
essncss or want of knowledge (hat a rnr
can be had, are not only hurrying (hem
selves (o an untimely grave, 'hut giving
sexual weakness a? an inheritance to future genera
tions, is too great an incentive to permit me to be
IF YOU ARE SUFFERING FROM NIGHT LOSS
ES, NERVOUSNESS, WEAKNESSES, CONFUSION
MIND, SLIGHT LOSSES WHEN UNDER EX
CITEMENT, VARIABLE TEMPER, TREMBLING,
PALPITATION, FLUSHES, &c, OR IF YOU HAVE
PRACTICED SELF-ABUSE EVEN IN THE SLIGHT
EST PARTICULAR you are suffering from the
Dread Enemy of Human Life,
And should not hesitate to seek at once health and?
happiness in a cure.
CURES GUARANTEED, FEES MODERATE
CONSULTATION BY LETTER OR OTHERWISE.
FKEE. Exclusively Vegetable Rmedles Used.
You are especially liable to suffering from NERV
OUS PROSTRATION. All your peculiar complaints
are nervous in their origin ami hence vour sufferings'
are terribly depressing or inexpressible- keen. The
Doctor in his researches and practice of NERVOUS
TROUBLES has made your orgpn:wti( n a special
study and is thus enabled from his experience and
knowledge to aid and cure you in any of the
Troubles, Weaknesses, Distresses and Suf
ferin?s(o whi.ii you are liable.
3?"You will "d in the Doctor a friend upon
whom you can rely for comfort, aid and cure.
Dr. Young's Fomale Remedies have
attained a reputation for efficiency unequalled by
any medicine or medical prescription ever offered.
They can be sent by mail or express.
Those desiring personal care and attention can have
all necessary accommodations furnished.
Those who cannot visit the city can by giving their
symptoms m their own way, receive advice, and when
desired, treatment at home with every assurance ot
LETTERS RETURNED-OR DESTROYED.
DR. J. C. YOUNG,
do. 7 Stockton St.
San Francisco, Feb. 21. 1882.
We continue to act as solicitors for Patents, Caveats,
Trade Marks, Copyrights, etc., tor the United States,
Canada, Cuba, England, France, Germany, etc. Wa'
have had thirty-live years experience.
t-aientsootainea turougn us are noticed In theSCI
KXTiwc American. This large and splendid illus
trated weekly paper. S3. 20 a vear.showa the Prr.crrpssr
ot Science, Is very Interesting, and has an enormous
circuuHion. jiuuress mujnn CO., Jfateni Boncb
tors, Pub's, oi Scientific American, 261 B'way,
gfewYork. Hand book about Patents free.
obtained, and all business in the V. S. Patent Office,
or in the Courts attended to for MODERATE FEES ,
We are opposite tbe U. S Patent Office, engaged in
PATENT liUSINESS EXCLUSIVELY, and can ob
tain patents in less time than those remote from,
Whin model or drawing is sent we advise as to
patentability free of charge; and we make NO
CHARGE UNLESS WE OBTAIN PATENT.
We refer, here, to the Post Master, the Supt. of the
Money Order Div., and to officials of the U.S. Patent
Office. For circular, advice, terms, and reference to
actual clients in your own state and county, address,
c. A. snow & Co.,
r9;8 Opposite Patent Office, Washington, D. C
Rochester N. Y.
smaller nunVbcr of shoots.
A rabbit warren, game and poultry
company has recently been formed
near .London, England, containing
630 acres of land. The 6tock is
$100,000 in shares of $5 each, all of
which was taken in three weeks.
COiaPOUKID O JCEW
.1 1 tion:-br Ckwisanipftioc, Aotlfcna,
Kronen Jio,Dysrepoic- Cstarr-,
Headache, Je!Sufty, QQacnino
-i-ni, Nenrslela, and all (Ehi-onac
aod Kerrous IMsorders. Prcnaredby
DRS. STARKEY & PALE.V. Philadelphia,-
Pa. Package contains all dircc.iona, and 13
easily sent by expresHready for USU AT
HOME. H. E. MATHEWS. rorwardiDi?
606 Montgomery street, San Frcr-
JWT Sena ror ires 1 Pamphlets.
It is not policy to let work Horses
get thin. It costs more to put on
flesh than to keep it on. Flesh that
becomes Hardened by exercise will
be kept up with less food, under the
same work, than it took to put it on.
FOR SALE AT THIS OFFICE
1 week in your own town. Terms and S6 out!
tree. Address H. Hallett & Co. , Portland, Me