The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899, January 10, 1879, Page 2, Image 2

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JFFIC1AL PAPER FOR BENTON COUNTY
Oorvallis, Jan. 10, 1879.
ANOTHER PLEA FOR YAQUINA R. R.
The iee-blecksdes of the Willam-
! ette ami Columbia rivers, which are
UFFIGIM. PAPER OF THE STATE ' liable to-be annual, and continue irom
!-rtne to six- Weeks, should be sufficient
to arouse the people of this State to
the -imperative necessity of an ocean
outlet forever free from ice-blockade.
Such an outlet is at hand, in
the very center of the great Willam
ette valley. This is not news to the
readers of the Gazette, but we think
it-si very proper time to remind our
frozen in metropolitan neighbors that
we can i rot' deeply sympathize with
them in their distress; so long as a
remedy is within their reach. No
amount of dretWin on " improve-
en''-.
THE ICE-BLOCKADE.
The editor of the Daily Oregonian.
in the issue of the Sth inst., fully re
sizes that there is an ice blockade on
the Willamette and Columbia rivers,
and at once begins to talk about
building wagon roads to the Uaiies , meiU' 0( tie lowvr Willamette and
or Astoria, as the only means ol es-, Columbia rivers cali prevent ice-block
cape from this nw fearful dilemma, ade ll(lt a sm.4il olIlav Df capital
but which formerly Portlander's bttt I w'ill ihsirre to the commerce of this
" little carer? for." State an outlet to' the sea, independ
Now, in all seriousness, and can- Lntoj these ice-blockades.
dor, why cannot the editor of tne It is now a fixed fact that the west
Oregonian accept the "situation,"
and turn his attention to the most
side road will be pushed tj Corvaflis,
next season, and that leu miles of
natural, as well as the most practica j he Corvallis and Yaquina railroad
ble means of escape Irom these terri
ble ice-bloekades, which not only cut
off Portland, but the entire commer
cisd interests of this rapidly growing
young Stale? What Is the use of
talking about building wagon roads
through impassable mountains, when
sixty miles of railroad, from the Yaquina road and complete it to tide-
" Heart of the valley,' will give
Portland an outlet to the Pacific ocean
forever free from ice blockades?
Sooner or later" the Oregonian will glatP; It would greatly shorten the
have to acknowledge there is such a distance between Portland and San
place as Yarttoa Bay and that it is Francisco, and give a new impetus
will be completed, during next sum
mer. It has been decided to make
the Yaquina road standard guage, as
a saving to the farmers, and as a
matter of convenience in the trans
mission of cars from one road to the
other. .Why not take hold of this
water next season, also ? It would be
one of the grandest moves that could
I be made for the commerce of this
the natural key to the grtviivflchfe' of
the Willamette valley. The Yaquina
harbor, in its natural stale, is far snpe
rior to what that of Charleston, and
many other important harbors along
the Atlantic coast, were before being
improved. A comparatively small
outlay, on the part of government,
will make Yaquina Bay the best liar
fior between San Francisco and Puget
Sound. Facts are stubborn things,
and it is useless for even a great pa
per, like the Oregonian, to imagine
that its scoffs will be sufficient to pre
vent, for all time to come, ihe people
from seeing their own best interests.
The commerce of this State demands
an outlet to the ocean, and that out
Vet can be secured through Yaquina
- Bar, and will be, all opposition to
the contrary. The most important
step in this direction, and for which
our Senators and Rcpresetati ves
should labor, is a break water at Cape
FoulVveather, four miles north of on
to travel during the winter season.
As an indication of how the ice
blockade affects Ptfpand, and this is
just the beginning, we take the fol
lowing brief extract from the Daily
JJee, 3rd inst :
" Since the suspension of naviga
tion on tlje Willamette and Columbia
rivers business is more than usually
dull in the city, and hotels are not so
crowded as ordinarily."
THE SUPREME COURT.
Salem, July 8th, 1878.
Ed. Gazette: The Supreme Court
convened on Monday, and organized
by selecting Judge Kelly for Chief
Justice, with Judges Boise and Prim
as Associate Justices. Judge Kelly
wears the honoi of being Chief Jus
tice on account of being the oldest
man he being three months older
than Judge Boise. The court is now
in running order, and took up the
ease of Jesse Dodge, vs Marden and
trance to Yaquina Bay. But we did Knott, from Jackson county, yester
not intend to write a homily on Ya L, The case vvas ar,,ned by E. B.
nuina rav, out, simply to "ive
our
readers the Oregonian s wail over the
ice-blockade, as follows:
We are now shut in by ice for the first
time in four years. Perhaps it is nut once in
four years, taking an average for a long pe
riod, that our rivers are thus obstructed.
Formerly -we cared little for it. To the gen
eral community the- inconvenience was small,
for there were few travelers, and the busi
ness of the country was not so extensive as
to make a little interruption of it a serious
thing. Portland didn't care much for the
occasional mid-winter suspension, and the
country and towns up and down the Colum
bia river really had little to do at this time
of year, so we all got on comfortably enough
and didn't worry much about it. Hut con
ditions have so changed that this interrup
tion of communication is becoming both in
convenient and irksome as well as a serious
drawback to the country. When the main
avenues of our commerce are closed even
for a fortnight we begin to fed more keenly
how important it is that provision be made
to overcome the obstacles thus interpose 1,
and the railroad question under this view
grows much in importance. It is not like
ly that we shall very soon see things done
which will prevent the winter blockades; but
Portland's growth in wealth, population and
commercial importance will nlthaately place
her where her own resources will enable her
to take care of this matter. It is much the
fault of thi3 city that the matter of common
roads np and down the Columbia river has
hitherto been neglected, Portland has not
done enough in this behalf on her own ac
count ; indeed the city has virtually done
nothing nor have the delegations sent by our
county to the legislature done their dntv ef
fectually in this behalf. The wagon road
should long precede the railroad, and usn-
Watson and J. A. Stratum for the
appcllents, and Strahan and Burnett
for the respondents.
To day the court will examine the
applicants for admission to the bar.
The class this year is composed of
twelve bright, intelligent looking
young men, who appear to have been
good students.
There appears tobe four cases from
Benton connty, to wit: Jones vs
Perry, Itenshaw vs Nash, Peed vs
Gentry, and Smith vs Harris. As
soon as any decisions are made, I
will post you.
From the Portland Daily Bee.
NO WAR WITH RUSSIA.
When England undertook to chas
tise the Ameer of Afghanistan for his
insolence to the Empress of the Iu
ilias, wise men predicted that Russia
would espouse the cause of the Ameer,
and that the great battle between
England and Russia would be fought
in Central Asia. Wiser men said that
Russia was too poor to commence
such a coolest fhat the wide-spread
influence of Socialism in the Musco
vite empire, the d eep seated hatred of
Nihilism to despotism, showing that
nobles as well as peasants were busy
ally does, and though the railroad is not yet ; fomenting haired to the Czar's gov
ernment, made it dangerous for the
Czar to engage in such a war at the
present time.
England, too was in no condition
for a great war; her commercial su
premacy being threatened by Ameri
can competition, and her millions of
operatives being oiit of employment
to a greater extent than has been
known for many years. But English
statesmen realized that Russia was
even less able for such a war than
themselves, and so the British troops
marched for the northern passe, have
conquered the Khanate,, driving the
Ameer into exile, and very possibly
British rule will be permanently sus
tained at Cabal.
Russia has lifted no hand to make
good her implied promise of assist
ance and support. The deposed ruler
may go to St. Petersburg and live
upon Muscovite charity, but there is
no prospect of war. England holds
her own stoutly, having dared and
done all she engaged to do, while
Russia remains pacific under circum
stances that must le very trying to
Iter rulers and her people.
Stepping Up. The Roseburg Independ
ent, in 8 peaking of Judge Rice's marriage,
says: "Hon. W." S. Rice, once schoolmaster
ter in Roseburg, but now Probate Judge of
Multnomah county, was married at Corval
lis, Christmas day, to Miss Emma Thayer,
niece of the Governor."
in our power the wa;ou road oertainlv is.
Wagon roads from Portland to The Dalh s
and from Portland to Astoria would be of
great service at a time like this, and in fact
would be of use at all seasons of the year.
To many it will justly seem quite absurd
that we should be putting in so strong claims
for a railroad, and yet should thus far have
neglected to provide a wagon road on a main
route to facilitate communication by ordinary
methods. Though the railroad is not yet
built, nor even in a very promising way we
need not be cut off as we are from inter
course. That it is so is much our own fault.
Proper energy and enterprise on the part of
Portland would effect important results in
the matter of keeping open communication.
If we had a freeze every winter there is no
doubt something would have been done long
ago. But as it is, we don't expect freezing
weather, or at most think it uncertain. Our
condition is a good deal like that related in
the account of the "Arkansaw traveler."
The house couldn't be covered when it rain
ed, and when it didn't rain no roof was
wanted. We can't construct roads when a
freeze is upon us, and when the rivers are
opeu it i3 much easier and quicker to travel
by steamboat. H?nce we do nothing from
vear to year in the direction of roadanaking,
and when we are ice-bound we resolve that
something ought to be done, only to forget
it when navigation opens and think no more
about till we are bottled u again.
Portland had a lively blaze on New
Year's eve. The fire was soon under control
but thieves made good nse of the confu
sion, and laid in large-supplies for the win
ter, including household goods, wearing ap
parel, etc.
Can-vine the U. S. mails between Portland
and Vancouver, is a perilous undertaking,.
during an ice-blockade. 1 wo young men,
Messrs. Troupe and Goodhue, in such an
attempt, spent last Monday night, among
mush ice, in a small boat, and came near
losing their lives.
W. B. Iiaswell was not financially involv-
i ed as first reported.
FROM THECAP1TAL.
Salem, January 6, 1879.
Editor Gazette : Fearful, per
haps, that the fact may have escaped
your notice, I would call your atten
tion to the fact that since I wrote
you last, another year, with its min
gled hopes and fears, has dawned
upon this unsuspecting world. Old
Father Time spits on his hands anew,
and, giving his trousers another
hitch, plunges on in his endless round
of anticipations and realizations-of
1S79. lie has touched off the cannon
of Time, and from its muzzle has
darted out the smiling new year, as
wiih a heavy heart and reluctance
interspersed with-bright hopes lor
the future, he spikes bis " gutr for the
coming twelve months witb the joys
and sorrows of 1878. Turn backward
with us for a moment, kind reader,
and see if with us, you cannot but
acknowledge that while perhaps you
met with some grevious disappoint
ments and drained perhaps the cup
of sorrow to its very dregs, are there
not some oasis to which you can re
vert with pleasure ? Aye, even more.
Lay nide, if possible, your varied
prejudices and confess that during
the year just closed you tasted more
of the sweets of life tdjan of its bitter.
Have you not been blessed in many
ways and can you not see that after
all, the sorrows were justly meted out
by Him who doeth all things well?
May a kind Heaven smile upon us all
during the ensuing era of time and
teach us to submit as gracefully as
circumstances will permit to its sor
rows and disappointments, and ac
knowledge, with thankful hearts, its
pleasures and its joys. New Year's
Day was indeed a gala day at the
capital and the pleasing custom of
making New Year's calls was more
generally observed than ever before.
The gentlemen, young and old, alike
dressed in their best store clothes,
sallied forth about noon in couples,
trios or groups, and passed the after
noon in calling upon their lady
friends, who, with a-inost one accord,
kept open house and received them
with a cordial hospitality that maile
the day one long fo be remembered
by all participants. The tables were
fairly loaded down with the dainties
of city life, and the callers were
wined, dined and-made much of, until
when the round was completed the'
went home feeling much as if their
waistbands were birttoned, and only
too glad to seek some sequestered
spot where free from feminine allure
ments and enchantment they could
throw themselves upon a bed, and
unbuttoning, could take one or more
good, long breaths. There were but
a very few places where even egg
noig was served, and the boys all
went home without the assistance of
either policeman or wheelbarrow.
Outside of New Year's festivities
Salem has been remakably quiet dur
ing the past week. The local report
era have been compelled " to scratch
gravel right lively in order to fill the
columns of our respective newspapers.
Such being the case your correspond
ent has nothing startling to commu
nicate in the way of news. The
Investigating Committee has come
and gone and their report has created
dismay in the Democratic stronghold.
The Bourbon organs know not what
to do with it. They cannot, of course,
uphold it for the simple reason that
they had their "ins" during the
eight years under review. Neither
can they ignore it entirely for figures
won't lie, and hence they are, as a
genera thing, giving it a severe let
ting alone, hoping that time will
work all things even. Those who are
personally attacked are taking mat
ters as philosophically as jjrcnro
stances will permit, imagining per
haps it will prove a nine days' won
der and cease. In this, however,
they may find themselves at fault.
It is a blighting expose, at best, and
can but have its beneficial influence
on Oregon polities for years to come.
By the way, an event transpired
in Poland, a few days since, of deep
interest to the Masonic fraternity, of
which no notice has appeared in
print, and it is well worthy of espe
cial mention. Members of tli Orde
require no explanation of the fact
that "a thirty-third-" arnonethe mystic
tie is an honor much to be desired
and attained by but a elvosen few.
There are, perhaps, not to exceed
one hundred Masons in the United
States who are in possession of the
thirty-third degree ; it being one that
seeks the brother, whose knowledge
of Masonry would teach him that
nothing can be gained by seeking it.
It is, indeed, the pinnacle of the Ma
sonic structure, and up to the 27th
day of last month there were but two
" thirty-thirds" in Oregon, viz : Hon.
J. C. Ainsworth and Col. John Mc
Craktn, of Portland, and but five on
the Pacific slope. The members are
elected at the tri-ennial convocations
held in Washington City, consisting
of thirty-three delegates who'1 are
elected for life. Fortunate, honored,
distinguished, indeed, is he who by
the unanimous vote of that body is
deemed worthy of receiving the de
gree which can be secured only by the
most meritorious conduct and the
strictest adherence to Masonic prin
ciples. At the last triennial convo
cation, however, three new members
were elected from this jurisdiction,
embracing Oregon, and Washing
ton, Idaho and Montana Territories.
Those who were thus highly honored
were Hon. -II. P. E irhart, of this city,
Prof. L W. Pratt, of Portland, and
Dr. E. L B iily, of the U. S.'A.now
stationed at Vancouver, who on Fri
day evening, Deq. 27, at the Masonic
Hall, in Portland, attained this the
crowning point iti- the Ancient Order.
The occasion was one of more than
passing importance, it being the first
lime that that d-rree was ever con-
p i. ,i , i, .. . i Hillhouse was prepared to meet a probable
terrecron the northwest coast, ami its i , . , , l, , , r
' . j rush for gold, bat the demand was very
SUCCESSFUL RESUMPTION.
The following extracts from spe
cial dispatches to the Oregonian
show how lesumption is regarded in
the great commercial centers of our
nation : ;
Hew York, Dee. 2. Flags are flying eve
rywhere, beeanse of resumption, yet there
is nothing at the treasary, banks nor any of
the exchanges, to make the day different
from ordinary dull days. Special arrange
ments, sufficient- to meet any demand, had
been made by the sub treasury to pay out
gold for legal tender note3. The clerks in
charge of the department expected to be
very busy, but they have very little to do
even to the close of day's business.
lteports from leading banks agree that the
amount of gold coming in to them is larger
than the amount going out. Neither banks
in domestic or foreign transactions, nor for
eign bankers, nor even speculators make any
dilferenee to-day between gold and legal
tender and national bank notes. In the
gold room, dealings in gold have given way
to dealings in U. S. bonds, the latter hems
all the business now done in that hall.
Of 25,000 received at the custom house
up to noon in payment' of duties the bulk
was greenbacks, and at the sul -treasury, up
to that hour, only 2,500 in legal tenders
had been exchanged tor gold, treasurer
deep solemnity and grand culminat
ing principles made it an event never
to be forgotten by the favored few
who participated in the ceremonies.
light, while in many instances greenbacks
were preferred. The tirst demand was for
$210, but not another dollar in gold was
paid out for half an hour. Within that
time there were half a dozen applicants for
sums less tnau i-poO, but as no payments arc
The affair wound up with a banquet I made under that amount, they were refused.
at Sol's, which was keenly appreciat
ed by all fortunate enough tobe pres
ent. The occasion was honored with
the presence of Capt Lawsonof the!.".
S. Navy, a "thirty-thirds" now sta
tioned on Puget Sound, Washington
Territory, who assisted in conferring
the degree. It- may be years belore
a like auspicious event occurs in our
midst.
Last Saturday evening M. L. Chart
berlain, D. D. G. M. of this district,
accompanied by several members of
the Odd Fellows' Lodges of this city
and Portland, went up to- Turner
station for the purpose of installing
the officers of Fidelitv Lodge No. 3&
The affair passed of very pleasantly
and closed with a cold collation,
spread in the room beneath the hall,
to which all present did ample justice.
Deputy Sheriff Church, of Multno
mah county, came up Saturday even
ing, having in charge J-. K. Mercer,
sentenced to fifteen years' imprison
ment in the Oregon penitentiary, for
killing A. C. McDonald of Portland
the circumstances of which are, no
doubt, familiar to all. The prisoner
was dressed in his customary faultless
manner and, when leaving the ear,
drew on his kills with his usual sang
froitl, apparently heedless of the se
verity of his sentence. Tire fact of
his pleading guilty to manslaughter
the Sundag Call asserts, excludes all
possibility of executive clemency, the
President of the United States alone
having the power to pardon him.
This, we are informed, is not the fact,
the Governor still holding the par
doning power, but the chances of
again being a free man are decidedly
against him, and confinement will, no
doubt, shorten his life materially.
The membcrs'of the Kinross Vocal
Club of this city are making rapid
strides in improvement, and an ele
mentary class will beorganized, at an
early dsvy.
Olive Lodge No. 18, I. O. O. F.,
will hold a public installation of their
officers on the 14th inst., which prom
ises to be a very pleasant affair, includ-'
ing addresses, supper and perhaps a
ball.
The indications of another Indian
outbreak in Eastern Oregon, during
the present year, are too apparent to
be agreeable." The residents of Un
ion and Umatilla counties are taking
time by the forelock and organizing
into military companies with a view
to self-protection, commissions having
already been issued to the ofliieers of
four different companies. It is to b"
hoped that, should another outbreak
occur, the struggle will be short snd.
decisive.
The Supreme Court will meet in
this city to-day, the judges and offi
cers being already in the city. Sev
eral very important cases are to come
up for decision at their hands.
i-tf B. Hirsch, Esq., an old and res
pecteel citizen oi tins city, aieu on
Tuesday last, after a long and painful
illness. Deceased was a brother of
Hon. Ed. Ilirsch, State Treasurer, and
Hon. Sol. Hirsch, Senator from Mult
nomah county, and a man highly es
teemed by all who knew him and one
who enjoyed the confidence and res
pect of business circles, in which he
was quite prominent for many years.
'His remains were taken to Portland
for burial.
A number of Salem Odd Fellows
contemplate going to Stay ton, next
Saturday evening, to assist in install
ing the officers of the Lodge at that
place. Ned.
National bank bills were also offered, but
were not taken, only leal tenders being ex
changeable.
Philadelphia, Jan. 2. Resumption of
payments in this city caused no stir whatev
er. Inquiry at prominent banks showed
demand for gold up to noon to-day very
limited.
Chicago, Jan. 2. There is little in finan
cial circles to mark the advent of resump
tion day. The principal event of import
ance at the sub-treasury has been the large
increased demand for 4 per cent, governments,-
The demand for gold is confined to
a very few ases, the majority- of applicants
preferring currency.
Gen. Jas. A.- Garfield, who for the past
few days has been a guest of the Commer
cial Club of Chicago, was invited by the
Honest Money League to deliver an address
to-night on the occasion of the meeting to
celebrate the resumption of spoie payments.
The weather was intensely cold, thermome
ter ranging from 8 to 20 degrees below zero,
but despite this Farwell Hall was complete
ly filled with business men.
Providence, R. I., Jan. 1. Resumption
of specie payments to-day caused not a rip
ple at banks or in financial circles. very
few wanted cheeks paid in gold, and some
banks received more gold on deposit than
they paid out. In all general business tran
sactions bills were preferred. Even savings
bank depositors took thetr interest in bills
ratheT than gold.
Augusta, Jan. 2. The legislature is or
ganized. The following resolution passed
the senate :
Jlesoleed', That national honor, public
credit and private interest alike demand
that specie resumption, now happily achiev
ed, shall be maintained honestly and unin
terruptedly at every hazard, and to this end
our senators and representatives in congress
are requested to use their best endeavors.
San Francisco, Jan. 2. Although the re
sumption law went into effect yesterday, it
did not go into otik-ial operation until to
dav. At the sub-treasury to-day there was
! a brisk'dcinan 1 for greenbacks in exchange
for gold for remittaneejeast, which was de
nied. There is only the sum of S.300,000
in greenbacks lying in the vaults of the sub
treasury at present, and this is all needed
for the payment of demands against the
treasury. Mr. Sherman says the whole
'sanouni would have been exchanged for gold
to-day had" he allowed it.
The banks have notified brokers that
hereafter they will make no discrimination
between gold and greenbacks.
SUP PIS DEATH,
The following sad announcement,
we find in the Portland Jiee, of the
2nd inst. Tlve d-ecesrsed wai quite
well and favorably known in this
county, where numerous friends will
mourn his sudden departure :
Oliver P. Hatch, a gentleman who
has resided in Portland for several
years and occupied many positions, of
responsibility, died suddenly about 8
o'clock this morning at his looms in
the residence of Mrs. J. A. Carr, cor
ner First and Salmon streets.- De
ceased was discovered in his night
clothes in a dying condition, sitting
on the floor, when the landlady en
tered his room to re-adjust his cham
ber, she immediately gave the alarm
and Bnmmonedjghree physicians, but
tlieir utmost efforts were unavailing,
and his spirit soon after (led its earth
ly tenement. Mr. Hatch was born
in Boston, Massaehtsetts, in 184-0,
and emigrated to California at an
early date, and joined Capt. Scott's
company of California Volunteers at
Volcano, Amador county. The com
pany came to Fort Yamhill in this
State in 1802. After his term of ser
vice he fulfilled the duies of commis
sary at the Siletz Indian agency and
was stibsebuently appointed Dnputy
Sheriff of Grant county and served
during 18'74, '75 and '76. He pos
sessed good qualities of heart and
mind which gained him many friends
who now mourn his unfortunate
death. The remains have been taken
charge of by the Odd Fellows and
Knights of Pythisis of which soci
ties deceased was a member.
most scard, the
For the past two
that vicinity have
Ratheu Humiliating. The Wes
tern Star, of of the 3rd inst., says:
" It is with mingled feeling9 of humiliation-
and pride that we refer to
the report" of the investigating
committee. Guess there is more of
the former than the latter, however.
The showing is not a very pleasing
one for the party which made such a
flourish of trumpets aOout honesty,
some eight years since, with Gov.
Grover in the lead. " Organized of
fices' did the work most effectually.
THE INDIAN WAR OVER.
A special correspondent of the
Oregonian, writing from Yakima
City, W. T., under date of Dec. 31,
1878, the very latest news from the
seat of Indian hostilities, sends the
cheering news that the Cruel war
is over," that the Yakima volunteers
have returned, and forwards an of
ficial report of the expedition, from
which we learn that peace is restored,
and that Chief Moses and his people
will quietly go upon the Yakima
reservation. It was a bloodless cam
paign and "Mido" thinks it hard to
tell which were the
whites or Indians.
years the people of
suffered more or less from Indian dep
redations, being constantly annoyed
by bands of thieving renegade red
skins which finally culminated in the
murder of Perkins and wife. Endu
rance ceased to be a virtue and the
people took matters in their own
hands and a lasting peace, it is sin
cerely hoped, will follow.
The report is full of interest, but
too lengthy for our columns. Capt.
Wm. Splawn, J. A. SplsTWn, deputy
sheriff, and seven other citizens sign
ed the report in which they say:
On Wednesday evening, the 18th, a pro
position was made by Moses to let him and
his men go and they would bring in the
murderers, but after some parley we con
cluded to allow six of them to go, retaining
Mos'js and three of his men. This party
of six left our camp on Crab creek at 8
o'clock A. M., arriving at the hostiles' camp,
as we learn, about six in the evening. They
succeeded in capturing one of the murderers
and returned to White Bluffs the following
night stating that one of the murderers had
killed himself while they were making an
effort to capture him.
We have now in our possession four of
the murderers of Perkins and his wife, an
other has killed himself, and we have also
one of the murderers of Charles Jewell of
Umatilla county, Oregon.
Mo3e3 and his three companions were
brought to this place and given in the hands
of Father YVilhur who has removed them to
Fort Simcoe."
The correspondent says: After
supper we accompanied Father Wil
bur to the skookum house, and were
allowed to converse with Moses, who
told his side of the story, as follows:
Moses gives a very circumstantial account
of all his actions, and deuies that he ever
entertained any hostile feeling toward the
whites. He says that when Eneas brought
him the first message he was told that "Vil
bur had received a big paper from Gen.
Howard concerning the new reservation and
he was to hurry up to the reservation, as the
paper could not be opened until he arrived.
When he came to see Wilbur nothing was
said about this, and he thought he hail
been deceived. At the meeting at Yakima
he promised to send men to accompany the
the expedition. Eneas had arranged to
meet him at a certain place, but instead of
doing so, he (Eneas) had taken the whites
12 miles below. Moses confesses to have
acted foolishly in allowing so many of his
men to come down to the river where the
volunteers were, but dis -laims all intention
of being otherwise than friendly. He want
ed to show the people his strength, and the
occ: s:on oemg more than ordinary all ins
men wanted to see the party off. To his
knowledge not a gi:u was pointed at the
whites. After leaving the party, and the
whites refusing to l-o up the river cross,
lie and his men returned to his camp. The
next day he sent nine of his men across the
river with the intention of joining the
whites and assist them in the capture of the
murderers. One of his men came to him
and expressed the fear that they would not
be received in a friendly manner by the
whites, and fearing this, Moses accompanied
the party. Traveling until late at night
they made a dry camp up in the mountains,
and it was at this place that they were cap
tured, their arms taken away from them
and they themselves brought to Yakima,
placed in jail and ironed. Such is the sub
stance of Moses' story as to his actions and
he earnestly desired that the people should
know that he entei tains no hard feelings
toward them. He says that he was put in
irons by the lies of a few men, but his heart
is still warm, and whether he is to remain
a prisoner the rest of his life or is released
to-inorrow, Moses will never fight the
whites. They as a people have never injur
ed him, he still will be a friend to them.
TELEGRAPHIC.
COMPILED FROM THE DAILY ORKGONIAN.
Augusta, Jan. 4. The Maine vote in the
house on governor stood as follows : Alonzo
Garcelon,85 ; Jos. L. Smith, 85 ; Seldon
Conner, 64 : Frederick itobie, E One ab
sent on each side.
Boston, Jan. f.-The housa-TRtsgefitting
resolutions on the death ot the ke Caleh
dishing. f
New Orleans, Jan. 4. Some twenty per
sons sent by Commissioner Lane before the
U. S. circuit court, charged with, 'frauds at
the recent election, appeared before Judtre
Billings to-day and were bailed in $1,000
each. Fifteen persons arrested in Natchito
ches parish by deputy U. S. marshal were
brought here to-day. These are partJIes
against whom Hornsby gave evicten'ce for
running him out of the parish during the.
late campaign.
The yellow fever commission is taking
evidence and getting information daily and
developing numerous points and theories.
Washington, Jan. 5. On the 1st inst..
the postoffice department reduced the price
of stamped envelopes on an average of 20
per cent, throughout the entire schedule,
and the result is seen in largely increased
requisitions now being received. Those on
Saturday footed up 4,466,600 envelopes val
ued at 9,753 or more than double those of
any single day in the history of the depart
ment. The entire requisition of the day for
postage stamps, stamped envelopes and pos
tal cards amounted to 515,589, included in
which were 4,765,500 postal cards.
Richmond, Jan. 4. The river-fced"
with ice and navigation's suspenuHThe
canal is blocked its whole length. All in
dustries dependent upon water supply have,
closed.
Buffalo, Jan. 4. There is no cessation
to the storm ; the wind blows 35 miles per
hour. Business on all railroads centering
here is suspended ; but three passenger
trains have arrived, one by the; N. Y. Cen
tral from Albany, due here at:40 Thurs
day arrived 11:30 to-night, drawn by thir
teen engines with snow plows.
Detkoit, Jan. 4. The Pacific express,
west bound, on the M. C. R. R-, ran into an
accommodation train near Kalamazoo to
day. A number of persons are somewhat
cut and bruised, but none seriously.
Syracuse, Jan. 4. A blinding snow
storm has been raging in this vicinity all day
and still continnes. No train arrived over
the Oswet'o, Binghamptnn and northern
roads. A train was made up in this city
for Albany and left at 12.20. It was drawn
by two engines, and when near Calistoga
the forward engine broke loosee and darted
ahead into a snow bank where it stuck.
The second engine with the train, ran into
the forward engine wrecking several cars,
and throwing them down an embankment..
The express car caught fire and its contents
were consumed with a portion of the mails.
The engineer and fireman were injured, also
a brak eman and an express messenger, Af
ter the tracks were cleared, another
train was made and started for Albany.
The Atlantic express which left Rochester
at 5 1'. M., stuck in a snowdrift at Fair
port. The New York maill left Syracuse
for Rochester at 1 1 :40 and got stuck at Pal
myra. All freight and live stock trains are
abandoned. Passengers who left here on
Thursday are stuck at Brewerton unable to
leave the train.
Constantinople, Jan. 4. The porte has
advised the bey of Tunis to come to an ami
cable arrangement with France.
St. Petersburg, Jan. 4. A plague has
appeared among the Cossacks of Astrichan.
Sufferers are isolated, and many doctors
have been summoned to their relief. Of
195 persons attacked since the 1st inst., 143
have died.
Berlin, Jan. 4. The Post, discussing the
attitude of the Danish court towards Hano
verian Separatists, says it considers itself
justified in asking whether the relations be
tween Germany and Denmark are about to,
undergo a change.
Madrid, Jan. 3. Moncasi has been
handed over to the brotherhood charged
with conducting condemned persons to exe
cution. A chapel is erected in his cell,
where he will remain twenty-four hours in
prayer. The exee-trtws-will be-Lyni i gift-
Madrid, Jan. 4. Juan Moncasi, who at
tempted to assassinate the King of Spain on
the 25th of October last, was executed this ,
morning.
PACIFIC COAST.
Counterfeiter Arrested. For
some lime past counterfeit half dol
lars have been most disagreeabl'
common, so much so, that it is scarce
ly safe to take a roll of $20 in silver
without some caution. There is. evi
dently, a gang of counterfeiters at
work, somewhere in this- State, The
Ashland Tidings of the 3rd inst.,
says : " It is reported that a man
named Tom Brown was arrested at
Yreka last Friday, by an officer of
the IT. S. Secret Service, charged
with manufacturing and passin g coun
terfeit half dollars."
Ice-Bound. The Portland Standard of
7th, says : Before the river closed the little
steamer Clatsop Chief went down the river,
having a barge laden with goods in tow.
While opposite Kalama the barge struck on
a bar and springing a leak, sank. The tug
Portland was chartered in this city and
went to thefrescue. While below, the river
closed and now they are all ice-bound on
the lower river.
GRAVE WARNING.
The Times ( Jacksonville, Oregon.)
of the 3d inst., has the following well
timed suggestions, which it would he
well to heed, ere another Indian wiir
is brought about, and the exposed set
tlers in Southern Oregon, are subjected
to inhuman barbarities which might
be averted, by a little prudence, cau
tion and good sense. The Times says :
In reference to the matter of trouble be
ing imminent in case of removal of Indians
to nine principal reservations, as mentioned
by the Times a couple of weeks ago, the
Yreka Journal leums from settlers within
many miles of Klamath Agency, that there
need be no doubt of a war whenever an eff
ort is made to remove the reservation Mo
docs, Snakes and Piutes from Klamath Lake.
There are about 1,100 of them, . well used to
firearms, anil as brave and fearless as Capt.
Jack's Modocs who made such a stubborn
fight in the lava beds a few years ago.
Should the government decide 'on any such
measures, "fair warning should be given to
the S".ttlers to remove to safe quarters with
their families. All of Butte Creek Valley
and other sections in Siskiyou county would
be deserted as well as-portions of Modoc
county, Cat-, while in most of Lake county,
settlers would also be in danger. It will
take all the troops on this coast to move
the Indians at Klamath Agency, and even
then the Indians would roam the country
committing depredations before they could
be conquered as prisoners for removal. Ihe
Iudians consider removal as equal to death,
and will fight rather than submit to it es
pecially since they have heard of the Moaoes
dving off so rapidly after their removal from
the lava beds to Indian Territory, wnere
they never have been and never will be sat
isfied, no matter how well they be treated.
The Indians are great lovers of their old
haunts and hunting grounds, and stick to
them with a devotion that no danger ot
death can cause them to relinquish.
Last Sabbath the mortal remains of J. W.
Cook, an old pioneer and very estimable
citizen, were laid carefully to rest in the
Locke cemetery, four miles north of this
city. Tn consequence of illness, Rev. Camp
beil of Monmouth, could not attend, and
Rev. Jos. Emery officiated. Obituary next
week.
Wheat is worth 84 cents per bushel at
Independence.
A fatal horse disease prevails in several
counties in southern Oregon.
Newcome raised 106 bushels of oats to the
acre in Tiilamook county last season.
Dipththeria prevails in two or three dis
tricts of Washington county.
J. D. Lee is now the agent of Wells,.
Fargo & Co. at Dallas in place of Jap Ellis, .
resigned.
The Coos Biy Xewt complains that the
mail service between that section and the
rest of the world is still insufficient.
D. M. C. Gault and Miss Flora Vite be
ean a Drivate school in the Hillsboro school
honse last week.
President Marsh has sold fourteen acres
of land near the Forest Grove station to
Hon. A. Hinman for 81,100.
John Shambrook killed twelve geese and'
wounded five in one shot at the Umpqua
ferry one day last week.
The farmers in Tillamook county raise-four-pound
potatoes and turnips measuring
sixty inches in circumference..
A stage driver named Richard Barnette
skipped from Sheridan a few days ago with
some hundreds of dollars belonging to other
people.
Coos Bay Kim : Our Coos bay coal mines
are all increasing their forces. At Southport
the miners worked all day on Sunday last.
Twenty-nine deeds,, ten mortgages and
two chattel mortgages- were filed in the
Douglas County Clerk's office during De
cember. Charles Patctien's House, near Canyon
ville, was destroyed by fire on Christmas
night and two of his children badly burned
before they could escape.
Geo. W. Hunsaker's house, near Turner
Station, was robbed on New Year's day of
392 25 in coin, taken from his pantaloons
pocket, in a room -where there were four
young men asleep
Prof. L. J- Powell, State Superintendent
of Public Instruction, will hold a Teachers'
Institute at ltoseburg, commencing on the.
16th inst. , and continuing several days.
Two boys named Ennis, who had been re
fused liquor at Cornelius, broke the win
dows of the saloon, then climbed m the
kick way and attacked rat rowers, tne
proprietor, with knives.
Jacksonville Sentintt: "Engineer East
wick returned from his voyage down Rogue
river last week and will report on the prac
ticability of making that river navigable on
his return to Portland.
The following are the transactions of the
TJ. S. Land office at Roseburg for the past
month : Pre-emption filings, 15 ; home
stead entries, 14 ; final homestead entries,
14; donation certificates, 3; cash entries,
9 ; comprising 630 acres ; timber applica
tions, 2.
The Town Talk, a small daily, issued at
Salem, R. B. and Frank Conover, proprie
tors, is upon our table. In a notice to ex
changes the proprietors say they have no
connection with the "greenback organ or
blisning company. it
so-called Peonle's Pu
is their intention to soon
called the Setting bun.
issue a weekly,