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About The state rights democrat. (Albany, Or.) 1865-1900 | View Entire Issue (March 31, 1866)
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ALBANY, LINN COUNTY, OREGON, SATURDAY, MARCH 01, 1806.
TATE RIGHTS DEMOCRAT.
; BilKD KVERY SATURDAY,
S ALBANY, L1XSJ COt'STY,OG3f.
" ' PUBLISHER AND EDITOR.
crfi-.nt o surf nauiiae th.
tl ra&aiagr 5s. riv.r yth.
ir nM, East aU, Twi Elf,
tf tt.Uaia Bualassa street.
'epy fbr One Year
Copj nr Hli Months
Payment to l W la dit la vtrjr
. The Paper will not ! it ta ny adtlrcs
ttUt rar4. ant th trm for wMcb it hU b
"MUr(i t paid for. .Vo drpartmn wilt aui
A (& trrf in mj VmMimv. . - ,
B. Timely rUt notice wUl be Wa to
teWriber of the week en whWk feU tub
wlm will enpSre. and unleti an order fx lu
awwje, ; ac4gajntl wish the wotiey, be
tfc & Taper at t AiMonitimeil to that
rca JmDtzhtxsxnq i
Twt fca. Cfeare, .f Twl Lines, .r
-;;, . Saatrtiss. - - $3
Ft lacfc iaeteeat Insertion 1
X3" A Literal R.dvcUoa firem tkcia
tt t. Chtftrttrl?. Half Y.arlv and
si.f Airertuerm, as 4 epos all Lajrtar
, . . U vrkiaf orer AMMMe4 eJjreatare
Ceweye - ' mttt ake knu u tXui j.ropvr
t aaeaymou. "K. er ae attcutUm U1 be givn
imm to tb E-
teJJuieaiik ! ijaieHnM, a-actac m
All Loiter aal Ct. V- be t4rea(e4 to
V(ie or for pabUoatiou,
th tailor.' - - """"""' '
"'-. 111 - : " ' b. mtiM.
K. H. CBASOR.
- 1 CRANOR & nELII,
ATmSlIS AH) CeCXSELiOSS AT U-
' f AMI AX Y, Owsron.
' ei. qui': tiiohxtox,
COUNSELLOR AT UW.
trill practice in the Saperior aul Ioferior
CoarU of OrejoB.
OFFICE at bit retidenca, one Bile Albany.
JFebrttary !7, ISteV
OIOHNEYS AND COUNSELLORS,
daiai aA .9.n4 Title.
Orego City, 0$a., Dee. J9, 1S65.
t. J Albany, -Oregon. .
-w-rtT.t. TtTTLT ATTEND TO THK
W tmkln aekbowledcments of
ImU Meirtcaea. aa4 Pewer of Attorney. AUo,
Depositioea, Affidavit. Ae.. Ac
OFFICE la tba Sew Cortaloaa '
Albany. Jaaaary J7, I86.
' dr. c. 7. cms;
..mm Late Graduate of the
J CiniBBaa ColK-ge otSi
:-viUiXl? Datal S org cry, UXLIJ
f 0-U eireia offer hU Profeatieaa! eerticee to tl
Uiiee ef tail plce aaa rrounain5 tsuUJ.
oVricl r tialra la Foer)e Brick BaUding,
&eei4eeee alougnwe ct tee racioo uwa.
Aibaey. Aat HUi, ISM. MHtf
Ek-;TT- TRACy- CO
' (aCCCES SO B.S TO TiACT KIXOJ
THE HI0HE3T"PSICE .AH) FOR
COLD LEGAL TENDERS, ETC.
rsnsrsG stocks eovgiit axd
. ...... . SOU).
riT-PTr -5S : Front street. rt dor
north of Arriponi's.
i a. yAi
J. B. BOLMAH
P AIIRISH & HOKMAN
;PO RTLAND, OON.
ileai Ustate, Commercial and
Steele Brokers, ,
"iil'aJ 'fntelllsrence and Col-
itnitZX& S3 rictfsr Elock, Treat Street
Ported. !. 0. ISfiS.
.lJirOHXE2iS AND DEALERS IN .
fATCHX3 AI?D JEWELRY,
:::3,wiD silver vaee
' piIXJLTAIlY GOODS,
CLOgKS, &c., &cn &a
ITS.:p3:Frat'. Street," "Portland
rortln4, Ie. o JSCS. ;
. 5 - -.' .J TTill aitead in person to tlie -
.?r?tiaa f Clsisf Aria is Ore j
- as v&tifcT?', - ;;
Af J jtothe EeUieawnt of AocoanU irith the
rtAtr. TnASl?J. WAH, l;AY a?;3 FGST CFFIO'
' 1 TKE iIAS EUSiUI. 13 C3 PATEMT OFFICE
Fersou barinx Wsiaeai ms' bare it prompUj
v'iaadai to,wi obtaia anformatioa from tune
.fee, if deeired.' . , -, -:r
"iypRrsj Ko. in SETESmi BTEEET,
Z " . "TAIirXGTOX CITY. D. C. aa28
IIF RAUrXrt.3 SATS' - FKA5
euee lUxtaei Sugar.
.: . . . ALSO -
7 rjn?? Uca we are eeUiat
- - FLETSCHXEE 4 CO
Till: EXEMPTION OF FEOEIIAE
li().M)S Fit ON TAAATIO.I.
Th. Ctnciniiftti Enquirer, in nn aAe
article on the suhject of the exemption of
Uovcrnmcnt Bonds from taxation in the
States, e&ys :
The acts of Co.grea under which the
boncla were issued declare that they ahull
not be taxable by the States. Thov are
the first laws eter enacted bj Congress
which aRsutned to interfere in the internal
regulation, of the local bodies politic the
first to supersede aud obstruct Htoto pov
eminent. If they are constitutional, Htatc
Sovernment lies at the mercy of Congress,
to be extinguished whenever it shall suit
the convenience of thnt liody to prosecute
th. work of extinguishment. When Con
pess has attained jurisdiction over a sub
ject, its jurisdiction is plenary; and if, for
example, it can prohibit State taxation in
one form, or orer one spoeies of property.
i ran in otner iorms. ana over other
specjes. It can destroy, t a single blow,
the "revenues of a State, release its people
from taxation, prohibit its officers from
levy and collection, and annihilate the
body politio by a paralysis of - its financial
machinery. Taking this view of the sub
ject, it would aeem incredible that it was
intended by the framcra of the Republic
to place in such hands power so dangerous.
Laws are binding which are made in
. A .a .-a
pursuance or tne uonstttution, and no
others. AVe do not remember to have
seen it stated that the laws which release
the National securities from State taxa
tion were iu pursuance of the Constitution.
IC as we haro affirmed tboe, thcro is no
basis for such laws in that instrument, it
follows that the laws themwclvcR, so far as
t&er sjssaiue to supersede or control State
m?uob, are of no validity. I hey may so
far represent mm obligation subsisting be-
twees the Xstwo and the bondholder as
to entity the hUer to receive back from
National treasury the amounts he pays
taxes ; but that the National Uov-
ernment c . .A. A i
icn of .State y
that State the re. ; " i uK"iHM
property i, . propo..00 mg upon
ir we have sfcCn , "
upon the legal question here t "rea,
at least on tho side of those who re P
osed to taxation. Tho argumcute t. u
ally have taken a personal direction, con
sisting of suggestions of disloyalty and of
treasonable indifference to the National
honor and good faith, which arc consider
ably better calculated to irritate their op
ponents than to convince, it may te an
unpleasant state of circumstances when
National honor and State rights are at
issuo; but we must all admit that qucs.
tions in respect to the latter are not, of j
necessity, finally determinable in the
forum of the former. In what the Na
tional honor consists may bo matter of
opinion j tho rights of the States as inde
pendent, self-regulating political corpora
tions are matters of fact. It is no concern
of ours that the issue upon the State tax
ation of National promises has assumed a
party complexion. Being so, it is all the
more iaeumbent upon both parties to
make appeal to reason as the umpire, and
to enforce their opinions with lair argu
ment: and, for a party which Bets its
claims to infallibility so high, the lie pub
lican is certainly most extr.Tagantly reti
cent if the field of ratiocination
We have no desire to treat the honor
argument for. in one sense, it is an ar
gumentunfairly. It is predicated upon
the asumtuption that these bonds were
ksncd av . time of extreme National peril;
aad that the clause providing to relieve
them from the burden of State taxation
was essential" to their efficacy as a means
of relUf from sv'ch peril, and was, there
fore, done ander tne pressure of that par
amount necessity wich, as a primary law
of nature, overrides a.id, for the time be
ing, suspend air statutes and constitu
tions. This may have bfen ; we will not
stop here to deny it; aor will we deny
that there may be occasions vnen me law
of necessity rises to the cona'ition of a
- ' . .i l
supreme rule of human conduct. . It may
have been very expedient to hold ot the
idea that the. National bonds would not
taxed by the State governments ; and still
very improper to attempt to compel tho
States, which were parties neither to the
peril nor to the arrangement, to establish
precedent of btate subordination, lor
the purpose of carrying it into effect.
The law of paramount necessity expires
with its occasion. It can not perpetuate
itself is endless financial or political con
sequences. It is not reToltlttonary ia its
operation ; aud a3 soon as it expires, laws
and constitutions revive, and, taking
things as they find them, go on as they
did before the temporary susrtjwision.
White Man's Day. -In the House
of Representatives on the 5th 6f Februa
ry, Mr. Koss, of Illinois, moyed an amend
ment ot the rules so tnat one aay in sir
of the time spent . by Congress might be
devoted to public business to be call
ed the " White Man's Day." Of course
the resolution was tabled instantly. 1 he
Rcmp Congress,' finds it better worth
while to try to save the Republican party
than to restore the union: ana so, instead
f taking care of, the national affairs of
thirty Bullions of people, it spends all its
labors upon the local affairs of six or eight
millions who are quite capable of manag
ing them for themselves. One of these
davs the thirty millions will wake up and
drive .out ihesfl wretched 7 fanatics, 5who
ra nrafitMns etrangu'atifcB upon the po
litical and commercial lift the Repub
lic. That will be the," white man's day
. a .BiwiB,lent of .ie Rural American
says : For a good dairy cow, choose one with
a striped hoof ; she will never fail. A cow
with ark hoofs may be good for-a large
f milk, hat it will not be rich.
For a medium cow, choose one with part of
the hoof striped, or any other color except
dark. " y -
A Western debating society lately discuss
ed the ouestion. whether a rooster g knowl
edge of "daylight was the result of observa-
i ton or tostinec
From Artemn YVanTi New Book.
AHTIIIII VAltI OS l AHttlSU.
Tho Barclay County Agricultural So
ciety having seriously invited the author
of this volume to nddrcss them on the oc
casion of their next annual fair, lie wrote
to the l'resident of the Society as follows:
Nr.w York, June VI, 1805.
Dr.AR.Sia: I have the honor to ac
knowledge the receipt of your Utter of
the oth inn., in which you invite me to
deliver an address before your excellent
I feci flattered, and think I will come
Perhaps, meanwhile, a brief history ol
my experience ns nn agriculturist, will ie
acceptable ; and as that history no doubt
contains suggestions of great value to tho
entire agricultural community, I have
concluded to write you through the press.
I have been an houcst old farmer for
some four years.
My farm is in the interior of Maine
Unfortunately my lunds are clovou tnilos
troni tho railroad, hlevcn miles is quite
a distance to haul immense quantities of
wheat, corn, rye, and oafs, butas I haven t
any to haul, I do not have to suffer much
on that account.
My farm is more especially a grass farm
My neighbors told me so at first, and,
as an evidence that they were Bincere in
that opiuion, they turned their cows on
to it tho moment I went off " lecturinc."
These cows are now quite fat. I take
pride in these cows, in fact, and I am
glad that I own a grass farm.
Two vears am 1 tri(il altpin raiainrr
I bought fifty lambs and turned tficm
Ioote on my broad and beautiful acres.
it was pleasant on hrignt niornin;n to
ftroll leisurely out to the farm in my
dressing eown. with a eiirar in uiv mouth.
and watch those innocent little la tubs as
they danced gaily o'er tho hill side.
Watching their saucy capers reminded
me of caper sauce, and it occurred to me
that I should have some very fino catinjj
wnen tncy grew up to bo muttons."
My gentlo shepherd, Mr. Eli Perkins.
t-id, 44 Ye must have some shepherd
I ha i no very prcciso idea as to what
shepherd dogs were, but I assumed a rath
er profound Took, and said :
" We must, jli. I spoko to you about
thM some time ngd 1
I wrote to my old friend, Mr. Dexter
H. roueit, ot iioston, jor two snepnerd
lnr Mr. i'oUctt is an uoucsi old larui
cr himse bvt I thought he knew about
shepherd doK. Ho accordingly forsook
far more tuiporurui Dusmew w vwmmw
date, and tho dogs came forthwth. They
were eplendid creatures suua-colored,
hale-cyed, loug-tailed. anv! shapely-jawed.
We led them proudly to the news.
4 Turn them in, Eli," I sa'd.
Eli turned them in.
They went in at once, and kiPod twen
ty of my best lambs in about four minutes
and a half.
My friend had made some trifling .mis
take in the breed ot dogs.
These dogs were not partial to sheep.
" W ell, did you ever?
I certainly never had.
There wero pools of blood on the green
sward, and fragments of wool and raw lamb
chops lay round in confused heaps.
nt- j 1.1 L.i. 1 . I 1,
110 UUgs wuum imvu uccu rent iraw w
Boston that night, had they not suddenly
died that afternoon of a throat distemper.
It wasn't a swelling of the throat, it wasn t
dhuhoria. It was a violent opening oi
the throat, extending: lrom ear to ear.
.Thus closed their lifo-storics. Thus
ended their interesting tails.
. . m B 'a
I failed as a raiser ot lambs. As a
sheepist I was not a success. ;
Last Summer Mr. Perkins siu !,; " I
think we'd better cut some grass thii sea
We cut some trass.
. To me the new mown hay is very sweet
and nice. The brilliant tieorge Arnold
sings .about it, in beautiful verse down in
Jersey every bummer; so does the bril
liant Aldrich, at Portsmouth, New Ilamp
shire. And yet I doubt if either of these
men know the price of a ton of hay to
day. But new mown hay is a really une
thin?. It is eood for man and beast.
We hired four honest farmers to assist
us, and we led them gayly to the meadows
I was going to mow my sell. .
I saw the sturdy peasants go round
onct" erc I dipped my flashing scythe into
the ta.'l, green grass.
tt you ready r said J!. i'erkins.
"I am rel"
"Then follow us!"
I followed t.'iem.
Followed then,' rather too closely, evi
dently, for a white haired old man, who
immediately followea iur. rerums, caucu
nnon us to halt.- Thei? iQ a hrm voice ne
said to his son. who was ;ust ahead of me,
John change places witJ me, I hain t
pot loner to live, anvbow. . 1 onder berry
in' ground will soon have these old bones,
and it's no matter whether rm earned
there with one leg off and terrible gashes
in the other or not! But you- Jofxa
vou are voung.
The old man changed places witn, nis
son, aud a eaim smne oi recognition m
up his wrinkled face, as he said, " ow,
sir, I am ready I'M : r
' m mm MBS e
What mean you, old man r ' 1 said
" I mean that if you continner to bran'-
ish. that blade as you have been branch
ing it. vou will slash hell out of some of
us before we're an hour older.".
There was some reason mingled with
this old white-haired peasant's profanity:
It was true that I had twice escaped mow
ing off his son's legs, and his father was
perhaps naturally enough alarmed.
I went down and sat under a tree. "I
never know'd a literary man in my life,"
I overheard the old man aay, " that know'd
i Mr. Perkins was not as valuable to me
this season as I fancied he would be.
Every afternoon he disappeared from the
field reeularlv. and remained absent some
two hours. He said it was headache j he
inherited it from his mother; his mother
was often taken ia that way, and suffered
a great deal
lip, in u
largo wet rug, und nay he il-lt better.'
t)no afternoon it so huppeucd lliat I
soon followed tho invalid to tho Iiouho.
and us I iicnred the porch, I heard a 11'
tualu voice euergetinatly observe, " You'
stop 1" It was the Voice of the hired girl,
and she added," I'll holler loMr. Browul"
O no, iNancy," 1 heard the invulid E.
Perkins soothingly say: 41 Mr. Brown
kuowa I love you; Mr. Brown
This vran pleasant for Mr. Prown.
I peered cautiously throngrt the kitch
en blinds, and, however unnatural it limy
appear, the lips of Mr. Perkins and my
hired girl were very near together. i?he
said, 44 You sha'nt do so," and ho tin goal.
She also said hhe would get right up and
go away, aud, as an evidence that she was
thoroughly in earnest about it, she re
mained where she a. '
They are married now and Mr. Perkins
is troubled uo moro with the headache.
This year we are planting corn. Mr.
Perkins writes me lhat 41 on accounts of
no skare krows being put us, krows cum
and digged fust crop up, hut soon got an
other iu. Old BUhee who was fraid youd
cut hi sons legs off says you bet go and
stan up in field yrrself with dressiu ground
on gesses krows will keep away. This
made boys in storo larf, no More terday
from oura respectful
44 Em Pkiikins,
My friend, Mr. I. T. T. Moore, of the
Rural New Yorker, thinks, if 1 41 keep
on," 1 will get iu the poor house in about
If you think the lioneat old farmers ol
Barclay County want mo, I will coiiio.
Thad. Ktevetui Fitly Itevlewed.
The New lork Evening Post, one of
tho ableft Abolition organs io the coun
try, thus commented upon the course of
Radical Thad. Stevens in the House on
a recent occasion :
Mr. Stevens exhibited his native dis
like of freedom, and his propensity to
tyrannize over others, in his effort to cut
off debate on th. new amendment, by
moving the previous nucstion. That so
important a matter ns a fundamental
change of the organic law, binding mil
lions of peoplo for ages, perhaps, both in
regard to the mode of their taxation and
their representation, should be hurried
through Congress by the mere machinery
of the rules shows the estimate which Mr.
Stevens puts upon our democratic modes.
He would govern the House and govern
the country, as he announces it to be his
intention to govern the South for the
next ten years, by arbitrary laws and the
whip and tho snur.
B'ortnnately there was good ssnsc enough
in the House to defeat tho scheme of the
arch enemy of dcmcnocratic institutions,
land get the amendment debated. Thus far,
i is true, no really sound objection to the
principal proposed bas been stated, buttt is
a crreirt satisfaction to the people, inlccd it is
indispensable to the consent of tho public
mind to a."f fundamental change, that it
should be a:!cusscd. It is tho vory es
seucc of our sy.stem, one of its signal beau
ties, that no one person, no party, no or
ganization of any sort, has any moral right
to impose its conclusions upon others, or
to dictate what wo shall think or what we
shall do ; but all Bides are asked to engage
in the debate, and th. whole body ot the
Under this method, no doubt, a great
many crude opinions are uttered j con
ceited or tanatical persons and pretentious
party leaders succeeded in getting their
notions into a certain vogue; temporary
impulses of tho people themselves carry
away their judgments; but so long as dis
cussion is free, so long as thought of eve
ry man to bo heard is acknowledged, so
long as Governor's messages and legisla
tive debates, and speeches at public meet
ings, and the "able articles" of the jour
nals may bo printed and read, there will
be a curative for these temporary mis
chiefs. The process may bo tedious; it
may offend our superior intelligence and
our aesthetic tastes; but tho result of dis
cussion is, that the highest wisdom iu the
community will somewhere get said. Dis
cussion winnows the chaff from the wheat ;
it triturates the raw material of thought
into digestible material; it finally trans
forms the rude amorphous mass into or
ganic substance, assimilating it with the
finest tissues and weaving it into the most
substantial fabric of the living whole.
A Chance for Somxer to Howl.-The
Montgomery (Ala.) Advertisor relates the
following horrible incident which Senator
Sumner, instead of placing in his scrap book
of horrors, can make the subject of Congres
sional investigation, and which will afford
him and the saintly Grecly & Co. a theme
for .a howl that will meet public sympathy
A gentleman lrom mew lorit, wno came
down the road yesterday, reports that at
Opelika a negro girl, some 16 or 17 years
old, came in with her ears cut off close to her
. 1, 1 ll 'i !. J - t
neau, anu anegeu mac it was uone uy a man
in United States uniform, because she would
not let him do .violence to her person. No
notice has been taken of the outrage by the
military ; authorities. Such inhumanities
should be ferreted out and the guilty parties
punished severely, whosver they may be.
Where the civil authority has not power to
act th. military certainly has; and we trust.
between to two, no acts oi me juna "win ce
allowed to disgrace the community. !
A-nassencer swearing terriblv in the Bos
ton and Providence Railroad was approached
by a voung minister ..with more seal than
discretion, who said to him abruptly: f
My dear sir, do you know where you are
going? You are going straight to boll."
44 Just my d d luck p. replied tho man,
looking tho minister in the lace with an
alarmed air, and suddenly fumbling for his
check, 44 1 bought a ticket tor rrovidence!"
A man passing through a gateway in the
dark hit his nose against the post. 44 1 wish
that post was in hell," said he. " Botter
wish it somewhere else,'coolly remarked a
bystander, 44 you might run toul it agan."
At the end of two hours, Mr
would ro-appear with his dune
iiiNToitY rt itirizi:i.
The Petersburg (Va.) Index thus sar
eastieally hits off Hie growing tendency of
lauding and glorifying and worshipping
New -England at tho expense oft truth,
justice and dignity on the part of the peo
ple in other sections of the country :
We suggest, thnt hereafter all scholastic-
edneatiou shall be by law, conveyed in
question and answers, that all tlio an
swers fhall constat of the word New Eng
land, or New Eitghuidcr, or some inflec
tion or mod idea t ion of tho same substan
tives a inny be pertinent to eaeh enqui
ry, together with such particular n may
nerve to do justice to individual localiliu's
in New England.
Iiet us illustrate by sonic random ex
ample from (.Irooian History:
, Who let the Artrmautic expedition f
Squire Jason, a Boston merchant in
the wool trade
Wltfre was Troy fcituuted J
On PnHnmaq noddy Hay.
Who settled Buotin?
A colony of New Hollanders.
Where was Alexander the (Jrcat boru ?
In Rhode Island.
Why was he called Tho Great?
Because after conquering Newport Isl
and ho cried because he had no pungy to
cross over to the main land.
What was the Acropolis?
The siiuimor resideuco of tho Mayor of
Concord on the White Mountains.
Who led tho Trojans at the siege of
Troy ? "
J lector, a sport," of tho Boston P. R.
What was the war about?
A New England pehool uinrni.
Where was Maccdon ?
I n the Northern part of New England.
Where was Athens ?
In the Southern ditto, ditto, Ac. &c.
Our private opinion and belief is that
there are authentic documents now in the
library of Yalo College or they will be
thcro when needed to prove that Bunk
er Hill Monument marks the Bite of Bab
ylon the Mighty, that Carthage was no
more nor less than Portland, Ostium Na
hant, and Boston, io fact, Athens: that
Homer was professor of Belles Lcttres at
Harvard, and I'niinurus a member of tho
Cambridge Yacht club; that Priscian
taught a grammar school nt Montpelier,
and Archimedes was a private tutor of
chemistry iu Concord ; that St. Peter was
Cape Cod lishcrruao, d St. Matthew
a collector of the internal revenue at Ston
ing! on ; that Phidias owned a brown-stone
quarry in Maine, and Socrates founded
the Atlantic Mouthly ; that tho Acide
mia was the walk under the elm tress at
New Hcavon. and tho Colossus of Rhodes
a statue which strided from Nantncket .to
Martha's Vineyard ; that Plymouth Rock
is all that is left of the Tower of Babel.
and the Connecticut river ran through
Paradise; that Stonington is tho site of
Tyre, and Mernuiae fast colors, the dyes
that made that city famous; that the old
temple of Diana at Ephesus was not burn
ed, but is now Faneuil Hall, and that
Herodotus and Wendell Phillips were the
same persons; that tho fablo of Romulus
and his brother being suckled by a wolf
(input) arose from the circumstance that
their mother was the first Vcrmonter who
looped her dresses ; that Mercury was the
ancient uamo of Ben Butler's family, and
that Iifcc everything else in New England,
the fumTIy has gone on perfecting itself
lrom tho start; that the suu shines six
hours per diem more on that favored spot
than any other between the poles; and
that Noah's family was so much elated at
an alliance with the Webstcrs of Massa
chusetts, that they got up a dictionary to
commemorate that lact ; that St. Patrick
was Head Uentrr of a Fenian Circle m
Bangor, and St. Andrew kept a distillery
in Jjowcll; and finally, that the millent
um will begin in Boston, and will not be
allowed to extend beyond its limits, ex
cept by a two-thirds vote of tho tax-payers
of that heavenly city, excluding all who
have at any time in their most secret
thoughts expressed a doubt of the propri
ety of hanging Jeff Davis and General
Lee on a sour apple tree.
How absurd, then, to write a book to
prove to us that bam. Adams, and not
Jefferson, was the founder of the Demo
cratic party. Why, we stand ready to
admit that Washington was born in Con
necticut, that Virginia was a county of
Rhode Island, and that we owe our lives,
our reasons, and our daily bread, as we
owe our wooden nutmegs and painted
hams, exclusively to New England. Pray,
lump the business gentlemen, and do not
prolong the agony.
Qcarrelixg. If anything in the world
will make a man feel badly, except pinching
his ' fingers in the crack of a door, it is, un-
i! . 1 , - i !
quesuouaDiy, a quarrel, o man ever iaus
to think less of himself after it than before.
It degrades him in the eyes of othersj and
what is worse, blunts his sensibilities on the
one hand, and increases the power of pas-
sionaie irmaDUiry on ine otner. xuo iruui
is, the more peaceably and quietly we get
on, the better for our neighbors. In nine
cases out often, the better course is, if a
man cheats you, quit dealing with him ; if
ne is auusive, quit nis compan j ; uuu i uv
slanders you, take care to live so that no
body will believe him. No matter who he is,
or how he misuses you, the wisest way is to
let him alone ; for their is nothing better
than this cool, calm and quiet way oi aeai
ing with the wrongs we meet with.
RrvrDT for Kicking Cows. Cows, says
a cotemporary, seldom kick without some
trrvwl reason for it. -""Teats are sometimes
chf-pped or the udder tender harsh handling
: . t . a 1 i O i-'
hurt them, ana tney kick. : Domeumen iou
and fiharn fincnr Tlfnls (Hit their teatS &U
sometimes the milker pulls the long hairs on
the udder while . milking. Shear off the
innr, l.n im nnfc Ion 9 finders nails close, bathe
.ttonrxul tonta with warm water, and grease
VIIUUMVU - F KJ
them well with lard, and always treat a cow
gently. She will never fcicit unless someiniDg
kuvta nor fT ah a fpnrn & renetition of former
hurts. When handled gentle, cows like to
be milked. When treated otherwise, they
will kick and hold ub their milk. It is quite
ai nnnsistAnt. tn whin a sick child to stop its
crying as to whip or kick a cow to prevent
CorreniionilefK-B Fort Wayne (Incl.,) linom-rat.
Mrmtin, Emtoks: We have seen that
Eastern capital has direct control of eight
Senatorial Committees, and that the great
Northwest has tho chairmanship of but
uitie Committees in the Semite: and
small ns is the number compared with
Now England's control of Senate Com
mittees, we find upon examination that
six of the nine who pretend to represent
Northwestern interests, are actually rep
resentatives f Eastern capital, and that
in fact the Northwest, with its nine mill
ions of population, has but three chair
tnatifhips in the Senate Committee; and
that the Middle States, with their popu
lation of over seven millions, have but
two, while the six New England State?,
with a population of but thrco millions,
havo directly and indirectly control of
fourteen Senatorial Committees tht
number being two more than their whole
Senatorial delegation -while the four
Middle States, with Maryland and eleven
of the Western States, which combined
have a population nearly 18,000,001), and
a Senatorial delegation of thirty-two, have
the. chairmanship of five Senatorial Com
mittees, three of which are Patents, Pri
vate Land Claims, and Pensions, being
one chsirman of a Committee to . every
8.000,000 of population. Again, we ask,
44 Who Governs ?" The answer is New
England capital, which controls fourteen
Senate Committees, being one for every
214,285 of population. And the people
West talk of ,4Kclf-govcrnnient," talk ol
" republican institutions," of "equal and
exact justice," of extending our glorious
practice of governmental equality to all
mankind; which, in reality, means that
we would like to enlarge tfio field of the
Eastern capitalist's oppressions, to extend
the area of unjust tariff, shoddy manu
factures, non-specie paying bankers, and
pound -of -flesh bondholders. Western
agriculturists howled against the aristoc
racy of slaveholders, while they now
assist in creating a manufacturing aris
tocracy, which places a tariff of twenty
per cent, specie and forty per cent, ad
valorem upon all woollen goods manufac
tured in foreign countries, and at the
same time admit foreign wool to be im
ported by paying a duty of only four and
a half cents. Hence, we see that that
which is necessary to the Western labor
er, as an article of wearing apparel, and
which the New England manufacturer
has lor sale, cannot be imported into this
country without paying an enormous
duty ; while that which if produced by
Wc.trn labor (wool), and which the
Eastern manufacturer is compelled to
purchase, ia admitted almost duty free.
But we arc told we must protect " home
industry." Why not, then, protect tho
agriculturist in the production of wool,
and more particularly so, as it is nlinost
the only article of home product which
the Government can give protection to?
But that would Dot be giving the manu
facturers a "fair show," according to the
capitalist's idea of fairness.
Can any just reason be given why
Government should load woollen goods
with tariffs and duties, and permit wool to
come in almost duty free ?
Why should railroad iron pay a high
duty? an article that all Western labor
ers arc interested id"; for if railroads cost
large sums per mile for construction, the
cost of transportation must be corres
pondingly high. Every dollar per ton
added to tho cost of railroad iron by tar
ns and duties increases necessarily the
cost of transportation, thereby increasing
the burthens of the Western farmers in
getting their' produce to market. But
the iron manufacturers' at the East de
mand protection at 'the expense of the
farmers, mechanics, and railroad compa
nies ; and of course the Government that
legislates for the few at the expense of
tho many, and that protects Eastern cap
ital at the expense of Western labor and
Western capital, yields the point.
KcspcctiuIIy, , . a, P. Koubke. .
Fenian Informers. Chas. Dickens
thus aptly describes a "Fenian informer:"
In Irish political trials there is a regu
lar performer, who always comes on and
lends a specially dramatic interest to the
whole.! This' ia the informer, as he is
known to the crowd ; the approver, as he
is more courteously ' known to the law.
It is dramatic to see this actor's entrance:
his furtive glance at the galleries, as if.
there were enemies there ready to spring
on him; his timorous answers to the
almost contemptuous ' questioning of the
crown lawyers, who seem anxious to have
done with the "dirty work;" his gradual
gathering of confidence as he feels safe ;
his cowering look as the prisoner s coun
sel advance to grapple with him; his
fawning explanations and self-justification
; his falling back- on brazen impu
dence and bravado as he is obliged to
confess some fresh piece of treachery; his
half-savage and defiant confession as he is
brought to bay, and the truth wrung from
him; and the bitter scowl of secret rage
at the skillful counsel who has forced him
to make a degrading picture of himself.
It were almost to, be. wished that this mode
of proving guilt were not known to our
law, though it must be admitted that it is
always introduced with reluctance, and
thrown in as a make-weight: and that on
this occasion all parties concerned seem to
rest very little on the "informer s assist
ance.-' 3J'-'i; f i';-"'- .. '; '
5 Johk Wentwohth. -The Mountain Dem
ocrat says : The Sacramento Union is a great
admirer of, as it calls him.n 4 Btal wart John
Wentworth," and is in every way worthy of
tne aamiraxion oi inai jnamc&i eoouuy cou
corn. "J He and h conductors of the Union
are congenial spirits. A fellow feeling
makes them wondrous kind, i - Who is 44 stal
wart John Wentworth?'? The Buffalo (N
Y.) Advertiser, a Republican, paper, says
Wanttfnith iaKAinuul Mmint mfi.rt.in
Congress, and his1 colleague, , Col. . John J.
Hardin, accused him, on the floor of the
House, of breaking open his (IPs) desk and
stealing a letter, and denounced him as 44 a
liar, a thief and a coward." It is almost
needless to say the 41 stalwart John went
worth ' did not resent the deadly insult.
A ORtrX'rT CHIEF 1'TIC1V
"Thad. Stevens' sudden anxiety to re-f
peal so much of the Congressional test
oath as prohibited Southern attorneys
from practising in the South created
much surprise at the time, and its. led iff
much discussion since among those jpot..
fully in the secret. It seems that asiuaUy
caucus of the faithful met at Mr. Clfe'
on Saturday evening, where the' wnofef
subject was informally discussed. ' Jodgr
Chose is understood to have said that tba
law was clearly against the oath, that th..
question now before the Supreme Court
involved the whole principle, aad niunt
soon be decided, and recommended the'
course pursued by Stevens rm the follow?
ing Monday as the best teeth xl for re-,
lieving him from the necessity (f jsaking.
a disagreeable decision,, and th party
from possoMing a roost unwwdly
pbant." New York Herald. ' ' ' .
So it seems that the Chief Justice of
tho Supreme. Court of the United States
diKgraces his position by inviting caus
cues to his houf to decide upoo what
action the party vall take upon political '
subjects, and upil decisions which are to '
come from his court. The Suprem.'j
Court of the United States is to be run ,
by 44 a small caucus of the faithful.'' W".,
have fallen on Jdrange time?, "truly
There was once in this country some re-
gard for propriety, some respect shown-'
for the positions men held, particularly
when they reached the Supreme Court ofj
the United States. Judges d?sircd t7r
attain and retain an individual character,
and to mark their official positUa by th
efforts of their abilities, their upright
ness, and their freedom from even contact ,
with the various political creeds and
measures of the day. But now, individ-
uala, personal character, official Kffiitioui
candidates, party measures, legislative'
acts, and judicial decisions, are all throws! i
into that modern centralized in pisition ,
of the Republican party, called a caucus.
And its edicts are fate. No wonder that
tho days of honest - men have passed."'-'
Dishonest men bide their ifciqaily under ;
the plea of the rule of oar cantos- No .
wonder that great men have disappeared
from our councils, where '.very man" i .
but the nwuth-plece of a caucus.1 No''
wonder thatw. have bo independent roea
when they sell their eoascienc. a:id jndg- l
ment and eonls to the keeping of a mid . .
night cabal, "When the wicked rale.,
the people mourn," is a troth of Scrip- .'
turo which is being exemplified tor our!'f
day to its perfection. The first thing to' :
bo done is to break up this monstrous iay
iquity of caucus rule. , ,
Backbone People. It is with mca i
as with Animals; you tnay dlviie them-
into two classes, vertebra ted and invert
bra ted. Animals remarkable for dignity
and elevation in the scale of existence ar. ,
vertebrated or backboned; their back-
bones give the eminence aud place; all
animals to which we apply the trim "io- i
ferior" want this backbone, and they ear
only crawl or creep, because they are ia
vertebrated. . We have . often thought,
when looking among men, that this is the
great distinction we notice between thera' '
the successful and the unsuccessful, '
the principled and the unprincipled, the -true
ami the. false. The school-master,-
as he bids farswell to his pupil about to
enter the great world of business end ae
tion, says: "I know they will nevtr maka J
anything out of that boy -t hero is bo
backbone in him." Jenkins, the grocer,, -t
looks doubtful at his apprentice, at,d sya 4
as he shakes his head, "Ah I I wish I 'r
had never had anything to do with thai"2
lad ; I doubt there is. no backbone im'
him." And Thompson, the architect,, r
refuses to have anything to do with- v
building the row of houses, " For " says
he, " there's no knowing where to find'"4
Williams, who wants me to build ' them ; '
he has no backbone.7 These are e astos 'f
ary modes of speech, and they rej resent)V ,
tho simple truth of life. We recoil jat
stinctively from the touch of the spider
and the wasp, the leech and the slug;
and we recoil as instinctively froia that '
large class of persons of whom these litth
creatures are a sort of moral analogy, be, .?
cause they have no backbone. They caa
8 ting sometimes ; they can weave a brittle'
web sometimes; they leave here audi
there a elimy trail ; they can draw blood; nx
but the instincts of society and huiianity
recoil from them. They have ho baekw
bone. ' . "
Greelt Among lira Feiixds. The follow
ing story is told about Horace Greeley r ' . '
The distinguished journalist was eamine
one after nooD, more abstracted and sbvenlj
than usual, from the isible llouser wtere he
locks himself in every day and labors on bis . .
4 American Conflict," when he happened to
be swallowed up in the crowd of vagrants
and thieves that are daily sent fro m the .
Tombs (city prison) toBlackwelTs Isiisd, iu M
the East river. The white-coated pi ii lose-
pher, finding himself in such eonapaa y '
deavored to get out of it : but a xealcan Dos-,. ,
berry, thinking, from his costuae, tas. he
was a vagrant desirous or escaping, stiX t
him by the collar end marchea Bwua " t?e
boat, amid tne jeers ot me enter "ane
wretches who believed bim to be one of their
crew. Greeley protested again aoct again
that he had several editorial to write for the
Tribune, and must not be detained ; but this
declaration caused the policeman to declare ,
that the "old cove was crajry," and m ast go .
to the Lunatic Asylum. Tha boat, fall ct'
malefactors, had already steamed out is to the
river, when some one ia the vessel reoet jQised I
Horace Greeley -taad as a hornet, and wing
some very stroug expletives by this iisse 'l
and released him from his disagreeabl. pre- '
dicament, greatly to the, delight of the per-. f
plexed editor, and to the profound KKUtlica- .
tion of the over-earnest policemexu ' - -' !
StriCIDAL Cow. -Th .lani it&m im m. m
committing suicide, which remarkable event
i - 3 . 1 1 1 .
i sm uavo usppeneaiu csujves&ss, rssw .
York. A local paper gravely states th at the , i
cow was seen to walk detiV!Ani1v n(nl,
river near the Coxeokie Ferry, and wliea ia
1 a a a. i J
aooui iwo or turee ie oi water, e&o Iaia s
down and tried to get head under watt r, but 'r
was prevented by her horn from accoxiplish,
her object. She then came out of th. water "
and . again mad. th. attempt-: .The. third v
time she put her head under water aai hell
it there until she feil over dad '