Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Albany register. (Albany, Or.) 1868-18?? | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1875)
Cymbeline and the Quarrelers.
Mubeline, the King, and his Queen
Went with a lordly train to ride.
To see the land in it summer pride.
Vnd what beside there was to be seen.
1 i ancing along with laugh and song
They found a quarrel of man and wife
And these when anked of tli rauwi of
Each on the other cat the wrong.
Each one said. " That ever i wed
Wed with a creature ho fro ward and ill
Spake the Kini; with a riirht
" Let them both to the palace be led
That name night, when lamps were bright
Over the lords and ladies there,
Cymbehue said with his kingly air
"Bring the two we found at fight." "
Mute with shame the colprita came,
And each was set to stand alone.
Out before the royal throne,
While Cymbeline spoke to bothby name.
Saying, "A wide as side from side
Of the heavens above na I set you twain
Each is free to marry again '
Choose from the court a bridegroom and bride."
Each in guise of blank surprise
Looked around ou the circle there.
Lords so fine and ladies so fair -
Ended iu the other's eyes.
' Choose !" cried the King, "by my signet ring
I promise to wed you with vour choice !"
They scarcely heard the roval voice.
So paeing wonderful seemed the thing.
Hound Bhe gazed, her vision dazed.
With splendors of manly form and face,
He beheld the wcmaniv grace"
Deckc in jewels that melted and blazed.
Then the scene and all between
Their tender wooing vanished away ;
There came a waft of their marriage dav
-VihI all the sweetness that had been.
She was there, that maiden fair,
As tiret he saw her when times were glad ;
And he was there that blooming lad.
As he first went by with his jaunty air.
Then the thought of their babes was brought,
Into each other's arms they sprang '.
Loud and loud the rafters rang,
Aud noble eyes with tears were fraught.
" You choose the beet, aud leave the rest !"
Cymbeline cried with a shaking voice ; ,
.'I promised to wed you with your choice.
And each has chosen the way I guessed !"
From Blackwood's Magazine.
THE DISAPPOINTING BOY.
"My dear Septimus," I said, "I con
gratulate you ou your son. He is a most
pleasant feliow; cheerful without silli
ness intelligent, but not a prig."
' Humph !" replied my friend.
a. great pan oi the conversation in
this country is carried on by grunts;
but, if there is anything which cannot
V. 3 i v : . j -
uc expreaetju iu ljjis maimer, it is cor
dial ascent. I relapsed into silence.
and filled my glass. Septimus passed
his hand over his hair, -which is rather
long, and still thick, though streaked
with many threads of gray, and gazed
thoughtfully through the window,
which opened on to the lawn. A faint
light lingered in the west, and the stars
shone brilliantly above the black cedar.
near which was dimly seen the graceful
figure of my friend's wife. At her aide
was a young man, on whom, moved by
genuine liking and the emotions natural
to a benevolent person who was dined
well, 1 bad just pronounced a seemingly
inopportune oanecvric We sat round
a table; over which a shaded light was
hanging, and the claret passed slowly
between us. It was too old to be hur
ried. After a silence of a few minutes,
my friend leaned back in his chair, and
"If it would not bore you, I should
like to tell you a few anecdotes of my
dear boy s life.
" Pray do," I said. I was in the
mood for listening disposed for
silence, end moderately curious. Sep
tixnus has a manner gentle as the even
ing, and a voice which might have
grown mellow in his own cellar.
" It has long seemed tome,"" he be
gan, "that the rules of conduct which
we try to impress on our children are
absurdly inconsistent with those by
which we expect them to regulate their
later life. When they are young they
are to be unobstrusive, and to give up
to overybody; when they have reached
man 8 estate tney are to give way to no
body, but to push their fortunes in the
world. As well might we punish the
child for going near the water, end ex
pect the man to swim; or train the run
ner for the race by making him walk
back wards. When Tommy was born. I
made up my mind to avoid the common
error. In the battle ol hie he should
be taught to win, and not go round,
when the lighting was over, with a red
cross on his arm. When he was a baby
he showed a frreat love of color, and
would lie lor hours smiling at the sun
light, and making little motions with
hie hands. It seemed clear to me in
those days that the child would be a
great painter you know that I was al
wavs fond of art and take a high ixsi-
tion. There is a great opening in that
direction. An active man who culti
vates a bold style, and is above hig
gling over detail, can paint ten pic
tures in a year, and when he has made
a rame, can sell then for 100 each.
When I pointed out to Jesse what a
road of fortune lav before -our baby,
k!i lauarhed at him, and called him
Tommv H- A.
" But of course in those days I could
not be sure of the line iu which my son
would excel. My duty was to prepare
him toilexcel in any way he might
choose, by developing in him the taste
f,r -nmrietition. I looked about for a
competitor, and had good look to find
my little nephew Theodore, who is ten
minutes older than Tommy. I borrow
ed him from his parents, and at once
brought the two lads into competition.
I well remember my first attempt, and
its failure. I had been left in charge oi
, oTiildren for a short time, and seiz
ing the opportunity, induced them to
.onrwut thp room for a lump ef
ing if the boys were not young for ed
- . ... - 1 1 1 n A.
.Not at ail, saia u; iut
tell you that in these days, -when the
idea of individual liberty is in the air
nhililren rebel acr&inst tile
influence of their parents almost before
they are Dreecnea. . .
" You surprise me, I said, "and
will nigh make me accept the poet's
picture. You remember the lines i
' . ..... t.Atf l. A VctHtft) lioTTK V.s?cr
Btood up i' the straw, and to his Mother Ooose
Cried, naaam. iwu uui. u-
a innimilai in a. derireciatincrman
ner, somewhat uncertain, I think,
whether I were in jest or earnest. xxe
continued his story, " Tommy was a
good walker, if you make allowance for
the novelty of the accomplishment, but
lost some time is lateral nn.tion like
those of a landsmen on a rolling sea;
therefore Theodore, who had PerP"
ual inclination forwaod, and w -nt with
an involuntary goose-step, too . the lead
at once, and would have wcr, hid not
his head, advancing too quk-. J or his
legs, come suddenly in contact with the
floor. Now waa my boy's chance; but
instead of going by his cousin, who was
prostrate and howling, he sat down on
the carpet and bellowed twice as loud
for sympathy. Jessie said that I ought
to be ashamed of myself, and divided
the lump of sugar between the oompeti-orv
" When the boys were a little older, I
again borrowed Theodore, and made a
little class of !iiin and Tommy, hoping
for healthy rivalry in the requisition of
koowledge. I began with an opening
address, in which I pointed out to them
that the duty of each was to beat the
other; and that, as every man in the
grown up world was trying to get as
much of the luxuries and honors as he
could, so each boy would try to gain for
nimseu a.', large a snare as possible oi
the marbles, toffee, and other prizes,
which I should from time to time offer.
They heard me with the greatest giavity,
and our opening day was a decided suc
cess. I soon found, however, that my
prize system was a failure, since as my
students always played together, they
cared not a jot who won the toys, which
they enjoyed in common; and as to the
taffee, they both suffered so much on
the first prize-day, that Jessie put her
veto on that form of reward.
" After this I determined to substi
tute pennies, and for a time thought
1 had effected my purpose. Tommy
grew wonderfully industrious, and in
spite of my strict impartiality accumu
lated a vast store of copper. Week af
ter week he drew on me with papers
and marks, which were duly honored,
until 1 saw myself in days to be the
aged father of the first of the gentile
financiers. He should direct the appli
cation of his neighbors' fortunes, specu
late in a gigantic war, become Baron
Tommy at a foreign court, perhaps Sir
Thomas at his own. My dream was
rudely dispelled. One day my small
nephew came to me in great glee.
' Uncle Septimus,' said he, do you
know that this is my birthday? 'Yes,'
I replied, 4 and Tommy's birthday too,
although you certainly gained an advan
tage over him, for which no activity'
on his part can ever compensate.
'And please Uncle Septimus,' con
tinued lheodore, do loot at the pres
ent which Tommy has given me;' and
he held up a highly decorative whip
and scarltt reins. It was but too clear
that the fortune which my sou had ac
cumulated by his industry, had been
expended in a present for the defeated
candidate; and when questioned on
the subject, the young prodigal at once
allowed that this had been the sole mo
tive of his extraordinary devotion to
Btudy. While I was trying to impress
upon him that if the triumph of the
successful resulted in the gain of the un
successful competitor, emulation was
impossible, his mother came in with a
rush and hugged him. Jessie is apt to
act irom impulse; as almost all women
are. When I pointed out to her, on one
occasion, that unless everybody is al
ways trying to get as much of every
thing for himself as he can, the most
valuable laws of political economy are
false, she said she did not care if they
were, and that she knew that it was better
to help another than to help one's self.
Here I could not help interrupting
my mend beptitnus with the remark
that there was no better way of helping
one's self than appearing as a helper of
others, if you knew the right moment
at which to leave them; and that some
had grown wonderfully rich in this
Septimus seemed to think my remark
irrelevant, for he took no notice of it,
but continued his story.
"You may suppose," he said, "that
in choosing a school for my bpy I
should be greatly influenced by size ;
for if competition be a good, the wider
the field of competition the better. I
sent him off to Eaton with a copy of
Mr. Smile's stimulating work on 'Self
Help,' and a manual of political econ
omy, to which his mother added a large
hamper and a Bible. His school career
was fairly successful, and would have
been brilliant but for that moral obliqui
ty, of which, alas ! there was no longer
room for doubt. There was no limit to
his generosity, which was constantly
developed by an ever-growing popular
ity. There never was so popphu a boy.
The masters could hardly find fault
with him, and his school-fellows made a
hero of him, as was natural, indeed, for
he could refuse them nothing. His
gaiety, which never flagged, grew
noutous wnen ne was conferring a
favor. He was the author of more
Latin verses than have been left to us
by the p.!ets of Rome, and never dash
ed off his own copy until he had wooed
the Muses to the side of Tompkins,
rSrabazon, Jones, .Montgomery and a
host of others. Again and again I told
him, both verbally and by letters, that
popularity is the reward of those who
are the gulls of society; and there is no
current coin of so little value; and that
the only real proof of a man's success
is the jealousy which he excites. He
now not only neglected my advice, but
even respectfully contradicted me; and
it must be confessed that his answers
had a great look of brilliancy, for he
was an unusually clever lad, and might
now be anywhere if he choose.
ought to add that he neyer grew angry
in argument. He has his mother's
sweet temper, which is a very good
thing in a woman.
" Perhaps you think that I have given
undue importance to trifles; and in
deed I made light of them myself until
my son, in a great crisis of his career,
behaved in a manner which I could not
misinterpret, though I am thankful to
say that I could pardon it. He was
now eighteen years old when he and his
greatest friend, a boy of the name of
Dart, entered together for scholarship
at one of the Oxford colleges. I will
not linger over the story; indeed, if you
will excuse me for a moment, I will
fetch my son's letter, from which you
will learn the catastrophe at a glance,
while I shall be spared the pain of re
cital." Septimus, who had risen slowly while
he was speaking, crossed the passage to
his study, and came back with the fol
lowing note, which he placed in my
" Oxford, , 18
Mr Deab Father. I hope that you won't be
awfully sick at what I iiave done; but I am
afraid that you won't like it. i thought of you
-a great deaf before I made up my mind, but I
don't know what else I could have done.
There is a fellow up here called Mills, who is
Just going to take his degree, and is very thick
with the dons. He was at my tutor's when I
first went to Eaton, aud was very keen that I
sh ould tret one of the scholarships here. Some
how or other he found oat from one of his don
friends C which, of course, he had no business
to do), before the first day of the examination,
that a Clifton fellow was pretty safe for the
first scholarshin. and that the other was a very
near thing between. Part id me. Now yon
know that old Dart could not have come up to
Oxford aft all if he bad not got a scholarship,
and it did not make any difference to me, be
cause you always let me do what I want. So
the fact is, tkat I did not do quite my best in
the last Darters. I am as erood as sure that it
did not make the least difference in the world;
for the dear old man is a perfect needier at a
critical Darter ( Greek particulars and scholar
ship tips, etc,, you know) and was bound to
lick me anv way. Only I did not like to keep
it dark from vou. though of course he must
never know anything about it; and you- never
saw any fellow so happy as he is; and so you,
must not be vexed, or at least must have got
over it before you see your affectionate son.
P. 8. Of course vou will tell mother, and
she will make von torsive me, I know. J am
awfnllv well and hanDv: and the fellows here
are tremendously kind and jolly."
I IWhen I had finished reading this
scholarly composition, and had breath
ed a sigh for the lost slang of my early
da vs. it occurred to me that 1 had a
chance of praisiner my young friend for
a virtue which even a parent couid not
deny him. And calling to mind an old
tale of our university life, at which Sep
and I were wont to smile when we were
careless undergraduates, I laughed, and
said "You should be thankful for so
honest a son, who did not 'keep in
dark,' as he might have done. He
seems as anxious to avoid all misunder
standing as was Toby O'Connor when
he caret ully engraved his name upon
he stone which he afterwards flung
through the dean's plate-glass win
This anecdote had never before failed
to raise a smile; but my friend was evi
dently in no mood for laughter. After
a simper of acknowledgment, he care
fully folded up the letter, aud smooth
ing it with his hand, continued his
"Can you imagine my feelings when I
read this missive? he said. "I could
not speak; so I threw it across the
breakfast table to Jessie, and went away
to my study. i!or a full half hour
there was no sound. Then I heard the
door of the dining-room open, and my
wife's step in the passage. I called to
her. W hen she came m 1 saw that her
eyes were full of tears. I took her in
my arms, and begged her not to fret
about it. saving that it was a terrible
disappointment, and that we shall bear
it together, x was quite cnoity, anu sue
did not appear to hear me. O Septi
mus,' she said, after a few moments,
what have we done that God should
have given us such a noble son ?' and
she burst out so bing. I have long
ceased to feel surprised at the behavior
of women. Every man marries a Sphinx.
The power which that boy, with his
frank manner, cheery laughter, and
honest heart, (for I admit his charm, as
who does not ?) had got over his mother,
whe was no fool, I can tell you, is inex
plicable. If he had robbed the bank to
buy sweetmeats for the urchins of Little
Britain. I believe his mother would
have cried for joy and gone to say her
prayers. There is a peculiar beauty
about a woman's character; but as to
expecting rational conduct or logical
argument, you might as well make a
salad of roses or walk in high-heeled
Septimus had now finished the anec-,
dotes of his sou. Leaning his head
upon his hand, and looking across the
table, he asked, "What is my boy to
be ! " J
"What does he wish to be (" I asked
"Thet is just what I asked him the
other day," said my friend, with a half
smile; "and the young wretch sug
gested that he should follow my pro
fession." "Your profession !" cried I, in amaze
ment. I had known Septimus all my
life, and was well aware that he had
never followed an occupation for more
than six days at a time. The routine of
which he planned on Monday morning,
never could survive the intervention
of the following Sunday.
My friend looked at me rather com
ically and said, " I am afraid he was
laughing at me. You know that I
went in for all sorts of things when
I was a young - man. I was
wild about art at one time; and
once I seriously thought of making a
fortune on the Stock Exchange. You
remember my devotion to literature;
and how I studied architecture that
year when we traveled together. I
might have made something of them, if
I had not been so often anticipated by
Mr. Matthew Arnold, Mr. Buskin, and
others. It was not until I was engaged
to J. ssie that I took up political econ
omy, and found that I had been an un
productive consumer. It was a wonder
ful science, and makes humanity so
simple, showing you that all men are
very much alike, if you look at them in
the" right way, and don't confuse your
self by the analysis of people's char
acter' " Well, Septimus," I said, "you
can't be surprised that your son should
be as idle ajyoung dog as you were ini
vour vouth. Perhaps he may some day
if catch this science, as you did, for it is
certainly in the air.
"But," said Septimus, "the curious
thing is that he is not idle at all. Oa
the contrary, he works very steadily,
but hates to get anything for it. I have
shown him bishops in their aprons, and
judges in their gowns, but without the
slightest effect. When I took him into
the House of Commons he expressed
an opinion that all the members should
wie ar wigs like the Speaker's, maintain
ing that no man could be revolutionary
in a wig. He added that, but for the
head-gear of the lawyers, codification
would be inevitable. When I intro
duced him to the peers of my acquaint
ance.he cross-questioned the noble lord
about his tenants' cottages. I should
suppose hi to be j entirely without
reverence, if he did not sometimes
burst into enthusiasm over people of
whom, for the most part, I have never
heard, and who have certainly achieved
no position. But though he is without
ambition, he is so far from idleness.that
his industry is almost a vice. He not
only pursues every sudy which cannot
possibly lead to fortune or place, but he
occupies his spare time with other
people s.busmess. borne days ago my
laborer (I had but one) abruptly left the
place, and on inquiry I found mat Tom
my, anxious to diminish the surplus ag
ricultural population, and helped him
to emigrate. He is on the point oi de
livering a series of lectures to our peace
ful rustics, who have heretofore been
perfectly satisfied with my . penny read
ings, and dv tnese means ne win prooa
bly depopulate the village. He talks of
a visit of inspection to the Valley of the
Mississippi. In short, I begin to fear
that I am the father of an agitator. A
strange lad, of - whom the only thing
which you can safely predict is that he
will do what he likes, and that his moth
er will abet him. Will you have any
"One moment," I said. "I only
want to ask, what has become of the
He is a very fair player at Polo."
replied my host. You won't have, any
more wine. Then let us join Jessie and
my boy on vne lawn.
Near the classic isle of Lemonos, in
the Greek Archipelago, is the compara
tively unJtnown island of Agios strati.
'j. he latter island nas lately been rav
aged by locusts, and the local authori
ties decided that the pest was the result
of witchcraft. Seven objectionable old
women were therefore arrested for
wittthoraft and thrown into nriann.
There they remained for several weeks.
while the locusts continued their ravages
undismaved by the punishment which
had fallen upon the witches. The an
thorities having discovered that mild
measures had no influence upon either
witches or locusts, they were about to
bury the miserable old women alive
when the unbelieving Turk, who was
the governor of the cluster of islands
of which Agios Strata formed part, sud
denly interposed his authority and re
stored the seven old women to their
FARM AND HOUSEHOLD.
flow Parchment in .lladr.
The original Scriptures were written
on parchment, an article of great anti
quity, whose manufacture can be traced
back more than 3,200 years. The finest
of it is in our day known by the trade
term of vellum, and is used to a con
siderable extent for recording impor
tant matters, Such as documents to be
placed in corner-stones of public build
ings, deeds, etc., as it will not rot, and
is comparatively indestructible. Vellum
is made from the skins of very young
kids and lambs, by a process of liming,
to remove the hair and fatty substances,
then carefully stretched ou a frame, and
with an instrument called a moon-knife
scraped on both sides; the flesh side
covered with fine chalk and rubbed
with pumice stone, and after being
leveled and dried is polished with a
preparation of gum arabic and Whites
Buckwheat Bran for Cowh.
A correspondent of the Country Gen
Experiments tried with the dairv of
the Eastern Pennsylvania Experimental
farm' se'em to demonstrate that buck
wheat bran is more valuable than wheat
bran for the production of butter. The
cows were fed nve pounas of cut fod
der, five pounds of cut hay, five and one
half quarts of corn meal, and five and
one-half quarts of wheat bran to each
cow, fed in two feeds. From fourteen
mil kings they gave 1,252 pounds of
miik, yielding 117 of cream, and fifty
seven and five-eighths of butter.
From similar feed with buckwheat
bran (value for value), substi
tuted for the wheat bran, they gave
l,200i pounds milk, 121 of cream; and
fifty-nine and five-eights of butter.
The difference in temperature was
against the buckwheat bran.
In another experiment the same feed
was used, and was well wet with hot
water twelve hours before feeding.
Fourteen milkings gave 1,318 pounds
milk, 140 of cream, aud 60 of butter.
From these experiments we obtain the
following Suta: 3,820 pounds of milk
yielded 278 of cream, which made 177
pounds of butter, or at the rate of
21 pounds of milk to one of butter.
After weighing the milk of a dairy of
twenty common cows, I have found
that it required very nearly twenty-five
pounds of milk to make one pound of
Germany excels any country with
which I am familiar in the cleanliness
of its beds. It seems as much a part of
yearly house-cleaning with them to have
the hair removed from . the mattresses,
to have it well beaten, and sunned and
the cover washed, as it is with us to
have carpets whipped and freed from
their disease begetting dust.
I grant that it would be a difficult and
expensive undertaking for an American
housekeeper, for skilled laborers, are
rare, and when found must be well paid,
as they should be.
Knowing the obstacles, then, -' iu a
thorough renovation of our beds, we
should take all the more care to protect
and air them. Every bed should have
made especially for it, the size of a
tick, a white, tacked comforter, not too
thick, so as to be unmanageable in
washing; over this the sheet is spread.
Every bed in daily use should be sub
jected to the purifying rays of the sun
at least once a week, and should be left
open for the reception of air and ligHj
some time before being made up. Beds
not frequently used are often found very
musty and disagreeable to guests. The
parlor beds, that swallow their own "con
tents by a magic touch, are fair without,
but in time, for the lack of proper air
ing, thay become foul within. From
the Science of Health.
.Iannrial Value of Wood Ashes.
New land is proverbially good; not
that it has more largely the elements of
fertility in general, as the trees take
care that this is not the case, using up
what nutriment is annually furnished by
the leaves; but it owes its value to the
potash left after the land is burned
over, as is the case also in breaking up
the prairie. The principle will be clear
ly seen by giving it a single thought.
The ashes furnish the mineral or inor
ganic part, the atmosphere the rest, the
soil containing sufficient other material
(humus, clay, sand, etc.) for a bais,
But science and philosophy tiside, it
has been found that ashes are a superior
benefit. Around an old heap of spet
ashes there will always be a circle of
rank growth, usually of grass and
weeds of a bluish color. This is found
to bo the case whatever the soil may be.
In the strongest garden soil I have
noticed it, and also in very poor land.
Unleached ashes have a still more
marked effect, showing the imiortance
of potash as manure.
The tests that have been made, so far
as I am cognizant, always show that the
growth, especially of grass, corresponds
to the amount of ashes applied ; and
the amount may be large seventy to
eightv bushels per acre, and even more.
The benefit will show at once, but not
all of it, as the ashes do not give up at
once all they contain, being dissolved
slowly, so as to supply potash for seve
ral years. This is my experience, and,
believe, the uniform experience ot
every one. The, reason why ashes are
not more highly valued are not valued
for what they are worth is that they
are too sparingly used. When sown on
meadows, a few bushels to the acre are
all that are used. As but a part is dis
solved, the first year it will be readily
seen that tr.e effect must be small less
so than that of plaster, though plaster
is one of the ingredients of ashes.
.But there are not enough asnes to
sow largely, and a large proportion of
what we have are permitted to g to
waste; particularly is this the case with
leacned ashes, vet ' thev are neariy as
erood as uuleached. and eaually lasting.
We ought to have every particle of our
ashes, including the soot from the
stovepipes and chimneys. We want
them for special uses to manure our
grapevines and fruit trees, and to use in
our gardens, door-yards and lawns.
Each farmer or owner of land, if he
burns wood, makes enough ashes for
these purposes. The extent of land on
which thev are used being circum
scribed, they may be used plentifully,
in which case the effect will not fail to
be hic:hlv satisf actorv.
I have used them on grapevines with
the most orratifVino' results, applied
mostly as a cover to the mulch, having
the property to keep this moist, as well
as to impart fertility: hence they are
particularly excellent in a drouth. Not
only is the growth of the wood advanc
ed, but that of the fruit also, and I
hive become convinced that by the use
of ashes the flavor ot fruit in general is
improved. I know that in connection
with thorough drainage this has proved
to be the case. Particularly are lawns
and dooryards in grass benefitted by
ashes. Apply at the rate of sixty to
eighty bushels per acre, more or less,
according to whether the ashes are
made of hard or softwood hard-wood
ashes being the best. A coat applied
once in three or four years will do. On
grapevines, fruit trees, and the garden
in general, I find. yearly or biennial
applications most satisfactory. Of
course a less quantity is to be used at
each application. y"
Now is the time to begin to save
ashes, just as they are beginning to be
made. Save all carefully during the
winter, and apply early in the spring.
Remember the leached article is nearly
as good as the unleashed. Let the
soap-making be done early in the
spring, so as to apply the spent ashes
early. Cor. Country Gentleman.
Killing and Cleaning Hoars.
There are many things connected with
killing and cleaning hogs that, by a lit
tle foresight, will enable the operator to
save much unnecessary work. Although
the great mass of hogs are now sent to
the centres of trade to be killed and
packed, yet every farmer kills the pork
wanted for family use, and many living
near cities kill and dress all they fatten.
Those who have the modern farm
steamers will find but little difficulty in
keeping the water for scalding of the
right temperature. Those who have
not a steamer may save a large amount
of labor by providing facilities for get
ting water from the kettle to the tank
or trough used for scalding; for one of
these tanks once used, the old-fashioned
barrel will never be returned to there
after. It is much more simple and
far easier to scald the entire hog at once,
and it takes but little if any more
water than by the old-fashioned way of
scalding in a barrel or cask. All that
is necessary is, to provide a water-tight
trough or tank, deep enough to float a
hog, and wide enough so the animal
may be rolled over in the tank. The
ends should be slanting toward the
platform, which should be of the same
height as the tank. Thus' no difficulty
will be experienced in getting the hogs
in and out.
From the end of the plat-form upon
which the hogs are cleaned, an inclined
runway should be carried up to a height
sufficient to swing the hogs clear off the
ground and thence horizontally far
enough to hold the hogs required to be
killed. 1 These should be of sufficient
width to allowf stretching' the hind legs,
and the gambrel sticks should be
straight, and notched at the ends to
hold the tendons from slipping, and
just long enough so that they will rest
properly on the runway. Thus you may
easily run the hogs along the incline to
the runway, where they are easily
moved to any position- desired.
Have good tools, a couple of hog
hooks, and good scrapers. They are
now made on purpose for this work.
The old-fashioned iron candlesticks are
good. A very fair scraper may be made
with a worn-out hoe, by cutting the
handle eighteen or twenty inches long,
bending the blade so that it stands
nearly at right angles to the handle.
and grinding the edge by holding it
square to the grindstone. Have not
less than three knives, one for sticking,
with the blade nine inches long and
pointed, and two of - the best steel,
ground keen for shaving. Other duller
knives may be used for finishing the
One of the mistakes, and one too often
made, is scalding the hogs by guess.
The proper temperature of the water is
loo to 190 degrees F ahrenheit. This
will scald but will not set the hair, un
less by gross negligence. If you have
many hogs to kill, it will pay you to
have your scalding tank made with a
sheet iron bottom, with a narrow fire
place beneath. The water once hot, a
very little fire will keep it so, and it
saves dipping back and forth. If the
farmer av,e any one of the good farm
steamers, a pipe or hose may be carried
from thence to the tank and the steam
will keep the water hot.
la sticking, do not kill to quickly.
The heart should not be touched but
rather the blood vein leading to the
heart. This is learned with a little
practice and observation. A thrust in
the right direction, and a slight turn of
the wrist do it. If you do not succeed
the first time, try again and immedi
ately, for the right thrust must be
Do not be in a hurry in any ot the
operations of dressing and,' above all, do
not kill on an extremely cold day un
less it be in-doors; and do not let the
hogs freeze while cooling, especially if
heavy. . t or sometimes, if frozen sud
denly on the outside, the interior will
taint before it cools. Hence the neces
sity ef spreading the carcass thoroughly.
lo become thoroughly cool, will some
times take thirty-six to forty-eight
Special attention should be given to
cleaning the head, ears, feet, etc., for it
often enhances the price of the hogs
from one-half of a cent to one cent per
pouud, and this well repays the extra
labor. If intended for home consump
tion, and left for the women folks to do
after the hogs get cold, it is impossible
to get them pr iperly cleaned. .
.Never send the insides into the house
to be cleaned. At hog-killing time the
women have enough to do without. If
they take care of the fat after it is sepa
rated from the entrails it is enough. It
is a small job for a man or deft boy to
separate them on a suitable bench at the
Thus, by the exercise of a little in
genuity and foresight, temporary fix
tures mays be arranged for dressing
hogs, if we except the scalding tank;
and this may be applied to so great a
variety of purposes, when not . wanted
for hogs, that it will repay its cost. If
a regular building is erected for keep
ing hogs, fixtures for handling should
always be provided; and m this case the
farmer, with care in shipping, may
always realize more money for his pork
than by selling it on loot.
KKKPisa Tallow and Labu. Doctor
Dotch states that tallow and lard can be
kept from getting rancid by the follow
ing process: The tallow or lard is first
treated with carbonate of soda in the
proportion of two pounds of soda to
every 1,000 pounds of . lard, and then
subjected to a digestion with alum in
the following manner: Ten pounds of
alum are dissolved in 500 pounds of
water, and one pound of slaked alum
added to the solution and boiled. This
solution is stirred well with 1,000 pounds
of lard, at a temperatnre of IbO or 2UU
degrees Fahrenheit, for about half an
hour. The liquor is then separated
from the lard, and the lard is treated
with the same amount of pure water
again. This lard will keep for a very
Fabulously Rich Ore Reported to be
Worked in Colorado.
Professor Sbirman, Director of the
United States Mint in Denver, on Sat
urday, completed the assay of a large
quantity of ore from the Cash Loae
Gold Hill Mining District, Colorado.
This ore is fabulously rich, carrying
369 ounces of gold and 3,151 ounces of
silver per ton, the coin value of which
is $11,711. The main shaft of the lode
is down 85 feet, with 30 and 75 foot
levels, with two other shafts each down
40 feet. The main shaft is being worked
vigorously, and promises to be one of
the best in Colorado.
A TALE OF WOE.
Deserted His Own True fove to
Away with a tirl Named Naraa.
From the Detroit Free Press.
"He's scooted with another woman !
exclaimed a corpulent female, afflicted
with the asthma, as she pulled herself
through the door of the central station
The police sergeants are never hasty
about expressing their opinion, and the
one in charge of the station looked at
the woman and didn't even nod his head
for her to go on. The woman took a
chair, or nearly two chairs, puffed away
like a hack horse for several minutes, and
then, as the tears came to her eyes, she
"111 never forgive him, and if he's
caught you may sentence him for life 1
To think that after we've lived together
these five years and better he should de
sert his own true love, and run . away
with a girl named Sarah !"
" You refer to your husband, I sup
pose," said the sergeant, cautiously.
" What other woman's husband would
I be referring to?" she demanded.
" Of course its my husband mv John
Henry Polk 1"
" And I infer that he has deserted you ?"
" That's what he's done deserted me
and run off with a girl named Sarah
something or other, and I'm left here
without a friend !"
"He shouldn't have done that!" re
marked the sergeant after .a long pause.
"No, he shouldn't," she replied.
" Why, what was he when I married
him ? Didn't I take him when he was
a good-for-nothing, insignificant wliiffet
of sixteen and bring him up to what he
is ? And now this is my return."
She sobbed away for a while and then
"He called me his darling his dear
gazelle, and he said that I was sugar
melted over, and all that, and I believed
it yes, believed it, like the fool I am."
' ' And he's gone, eh ? "
' Gone ! Didn't I say he'd gone ? I
can hardly believe it, though when I
look over the letter he wrote me, and
see how he called me his. shining angel
and his noonday star, I can hardly real
ize that he has left me and taken up
with a freckled-nose girl."
"It's sad very sad," sighed the ser
geant. "You don't know my feelings," she
replied; " don't begin to realize how
this heart of mine is wretched and up
set. I wish you'd catch him, sir. I
wish you'd bring him back here and
stand him over there, and leave me
over here, and lock the doors for about
"Be calm, madam," remarked the
" Carm ! How can I be carm ? When
I think of John Henry, and Sarah, and
dear gazelle, and shining angel,and noon
day star, can I bid my heart be carm ? "
She left her husband's description
and went away, and the police will catch
him if they can.
There are a good many stories afloat
about the punctillious observance of
Sunday iu Scotland, but none more il
lustrative of the absurdity to which the
custom is carried than the following,
which is told by the Count de Medina
Pomar, in his newly published work,
"The Honey Moon." "It was at the
hotel of Dumbarton. I had just got up,
and rung the bell for some water
for shaving. A waiter answered
my call. ' I want some hot water, . if
you please, I said. 'And what
for do you want hotjwater ?' 4 For shav
ing,' said I. 'Ye canna have hot water
on the Lord's Day for sic a thing as
shaving,' said the waiter, horror-struck
at the idea. I insisted again, but with
the same effect. ' Na, na,' said he, ye
canna have it.' Nesessity is the mother
of invention, 'tis said, and this aroused
mine. I thought that if I could arrange
the order in such a way that it would
not affect his religious scruples he would
bring it directly. I therefore proposed
that I should like some toddy, and told
him to bring me the materials for making
it, consisting of whisky, sugar, and
boiling water. These he brought with
out the least demur. I gave him the
whisky, which he drank, and I used the
hot water. So conscience was satisfied."
An Almost Fatal Joke.
A farmer named W. Smith, residing
near Mt. Pulaski, HI., on leaving his
house the other evening, instructed, his
colored servant to take good care of his
horses, and if any one come near the
place to shoot them at once. The two
daughters thought they would try the
darkey s nerves to see 11 he would shoot.
So one of them disguised herself in her
father's clothes and went out to the barn,
while the other informed the boy that
there were thieves in the barn. The
bov at once rushed out with his gun.
and, meeting whom he thought was the
thief, fired the contents ot his musket
into the shoulder of the girl. The joke
proved nearly fatal, but she is recover-
r i J .
a. Scotch woman, whose name was Mar
garet, did nothing but s wear and abuse,
instead of answering the minister. "Ay,
Martraret." says he, "dinna ye ken
where a' the sinfu' gang ?" "Deiltak'
them that kens, as weel as them that
sneers " cried she. Ay, Margaret.
they gang where there'll be wailing and
gnashing of teeth." " By my trow,
then, says Margaret, " let them gnash
that ha'e them, for deil a stump ha'e I
had these twenty years."
Bismarck and Count Arnlax.
special dispatch to the London
Times of the 21st of November says
A lithographed sheet issued at Berlin
bv Dr. Zehlicke, the late editor of the
Spener Gazette, states that shortly be
fore the fall of M. Thiers, Prince Bis
marck gave a parliamentary soiree, at
which the conversation turned on JM.
Thiers' position. A deputy remarked
to the chancellor that M. Thiers was
on the brink of a precipice and might
fall in a few da a. . Prince Bismarck re
plied: 'Things are not so bad, Our
ambassador has sent reassuring reports
almut it. It is all a false alarm. Thiers
will remain in office.' A few weeks af
terwards, when the Paris intrigue had
succeeded, the same guests were assem
bled, and the conversation reverted to
the French crisis. The same Deputy
twitted Prince Bismarck with the un
expected turn things had take;), and
the latter warmly exclaimed: 1 have
been intentionally deceived.' "
Indian Chbtney Satjce. Eight
ounces of sharp, sour apples, pared and
cored; eight ounoes of tomatoes, eight
ounces of salt, eight ounces of brown
sugar, eight ounoes or. stoned raisins,
four ounces of cayenne, four ounces of
riowdered eincrer. two ounces of garlic.
two ounces of shalots, three quarts of
vinegar, one quart of lemon juice. Chop
the apples in very small square pieces,
and add to them the other ingredients.
Mix the whole well together, and put in
a well-covered jar. Jveep this in
warm place, and stir every day for a
month, taking care to put on the lid af
ter this operation; strain, but do not
squeeze it dry; store it away in clean
jars or bottles for use, and the liquor
will serve as an excellent sauce for meat
or fish. Make this sauce before the end
of October. Mr;-. Beeton.
The Bereaved Mother.
A child's face eweet and innocent
Peered into here-,
"And to her life a eweetnesa lent,
Through weary years.
The fair bud faded ere the eve,
And died away.
Yet though her heart oeased not to grierei.
The night seemed day.
As she neared death'R sheltering shore.
Her babe returned ;
Not with the dim brightness of yore,
Its sweet faoe bomed. .
A love holy and innocent
Annwered to hers.
And the child f aee that o'er her bent
Scattered her feara:
The Fair Sex.
Very fine plaiting (called knife plait
ing) is a popular mode just now.
Thf "apron front" prevails in all
Embboipebed shoes are coming, and
long skirts are going out.
Tub ladies of Idaho have undertaken
a crusade against rum and tobacco.
Bonnets are more than ever as ther
fashionable season advances.
Black silk suits (worn over velvet
skirts), with sleeves and collar of velvet,
are fashionable in Paris.
Moch of the trimming of street suits
is concentrated on the apron front the
objective point, you know.
Jet ornaments of all kinds appear to
be as universally fashionable as ever.
The real jet is as expensive as ever.
Opera cloaks are many of them in
the Dolman pattern, with long, droop
ing sides. lfi- j u.-Mid io border thiifi.
Thb " halo" brim-shape bonnet is
very popular. irive years ago a lady
would not have dared to don such head
In London the workingmen's and the
workingwomen's college have been
united into the " College for Men and
The long eauntlett six-button door-
skin gloves will be en regie for ladies
this season. They are finished in the
most elegant style.
Harpeb's Bazab tells one of its cor
respondents that she cannot make a
dress out of her three yards of silk. Wo r
should think not.
There is quite a rage for Chinese and
Japanese ornaments. The new fash
ioned gold tea-box ear-rings are ex
Veby few trousseaux are imported
for American girls now. Times are
hard, and besides one can get as good
an outfit here as abroad.
Vebt handscme black silk quilted
sacques bordered with fur, are shown
among imported goods for winter wear.
$250 per sacque.
Over three hundred women are now
attending the lectures of University
College, London, England. They re
ceive certificates, but degrees are denied
Thbhb is a new fringe for trimming
ball and party dresses, called seaweed
fringe. It resembles seaweed very
much, and is very pretty, besides being
The star shape button is much in
favor for out-door costume. The but
tons come in almost every size and color.
They are of bone, and of French manu
facture. Mopisths are becoming alarmed. So
many ladies make their own dresses !
W hat shall we do ? Liower your prices.
Mrs. Btram, of Abingdon, Illinois,
is a cattle farmer, and her premiums at
the agricultural fairs this fall number
122, and amount to $1,150.
There is a lull in the embroidery ex
citement jrst now. A number of the
imported suits continue to be very beau
The French Government has decided
that army officers must not marry un
less the bride has a dowry of 25,000
francs. Heretofore the limit has been
Mrs. Pobter, of Idaho City, has
fallen heir to property in St. Louis
valued at $1,000,000. Such a woman,
if single, could marry who she pleased,
as any man would be glad to support her.
Fans have gotten back to the old
fashion shape again, and consequently
are less awkward to manage. Some of
the prettiest are of black satin, em
broidered iu gold and with feather edge.
Extract of a letter from an absent
wife: "If John should feel like sui
ciding while I. am gone, give him a
razor, and a basin, and a couple, of
towels, and lock him up in the cellar."
A Liberal Wedding Feast.
A roval weddinar in the olden time
was an affair altogether eclipsing- even
the shoddy demonstrations and present
making gbrgeousness of these modern
days, f or example:
On November 17, 1500, Count Guen-
ther, ," the warrior," of Schwarzburg,
Germany, was married to Countess
Catherine of Nassau Armstaut. bixty
four princes, as many countesses, and
eighty-four noblemen, accompanied by
their suits and servants, were present on
the suspicious occasion. Omitting the
list of presents to the bride, we are sat
isfied to record what was furnished and
served for a feast on the wedding day.
There were 2,800 bushels of wheat und
rye, 120 deers, 117 roe-bucks, 150 boar
stags, 850 hairs, 20 'wood grouse, 25
woodcocks, 200 snipes, 510 blackbirds.
150 turkeys, 20 swans, 21 peacocks. 410
wild geese, 100 heads of cattle, 1,000
muttons, 4,200 pieces of poultry, 2,600
tame geese, 21,300 eggs.245 small roast
ed pigs, 2,000 pounds of bacon, 8
smoakeu oxen, 47 pigs, 64'calves, 12 tons
of butter, 7 barrels of vinegar; 200 bar
rels of salted venison, 3,241 carps, 2,100
pounds of pise ruth, UU pounds of eel,
1,400 pounds of crawfish, 1,200 pounds
of salmon, 4,000 pounds of sturgeon,
1,000. pounds of codfish, 6,000 pounds
of herring, 300 pounds of baker plums,
2,000 pounds of honey, 400 pounds of
rice, 1,000 pounds of lard, lOOpoudns of
jelly, 700 pounds of cheese, $700 worth
of candles, $2UU worth ot onions, 1,600
bushels of oats, 20 barrels of .Malvasia
wine, 250 barrels of Rhine wine, and
264 barrels of beer; $4,500 was spent
for dresses and harness, 4,000 for hone
feed; and $10,000 for the decoration of
halls and rooms.
A Religions Anecdote. '
Apropos of the recent OOnsecratinn nf
a bishop of western Texas, is the fol
lowing story, about the early history of
uis xpiouuptu onurcn in, that state -"The
first services at Ttw1at,,iq"
Texas, were held in an extemporized
church, the building having been ure-
viously used as a saloon and gambling
place. The first Sunday after the pre
hminary services, just as the Rev. Mr.
Pierce had began his sermon, a gust of
wind struck the building and blew a
card from oneof the rafters. It was the
"ten of diamonds," and fell face up
ward upon the open Bible. Thecircura-.
stance seem to disconoert the minister,
whereupon old Felix Robertson stepped
up aud taking the card from the Bible,
"Wen, parson, you've got hkn!
The devil has thrown upTiia hand all