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About The Albany register. (Albany, Or.) 1868-18?? | View Entire Issue (April 18, 1874)
g ALBANY ' REGISTER.
' i i - ?
V. 8. Offieinl Paper for Orrmm.
3ATXTtDAY, APRIL 18, 1874.
Monday week a-ill be a large
day for Albany.
Lam County Circuit Court meets
oo Monday at Eugene City.
Magill, the insurance agent at
San Francisco, is reported defaulter
to the companies be lately repre
sented, ia the sum of 650,000.
t1 1 "t '
"ffwry rainfalls SroruiaJms
settled the crop business, and far
mere are rejoicing over tlie prospect
ot buge crops.
The Paris Government lias issued
a circular prohibiting newspaper
attacks on the Government, and
declaring that McMahou's powers
It is now stated that Dawes will
retire from the Senatorial contest in
Massachusetts in favor of Hoar,
and that he will take the portfolio of
the retiring secretary Richardson
On the occurrence of the city
election at San Jose, Cal., on the
13th nil the saloons were closed.
At the door of one ot the saloons a
bottle was tied with crape around
The inflationists have triumphed,
and the bill providing tor the issue
of $44,000,000 ot irredeemable
paper money has passed the Senate.
It is now in the hands of the Ex.
ecutive, and if he approves, it will
become a law.
Page an.1 Luttrell, of California,
are at loggerheads about postal
matters in California. Luttrell
charged in tl House that there is
a postorfiee ring which has defraud
ed the Government out of $100,
000. These grave charges are re
ferred to the Postal Committee.
Thomas Hubbard, a resident of
Champoeg, was shot and danger
ously wounded in the neck, on
Monday, by a half-breed named
Thomas Gerrand. Hubbard owed
Gerraud a small sum of money. It
was demanded, and Hubbard not
paying it at once, Gerrand drew a
revolver and shot him.
Speaking of the investigation now
going in the case of General How
ard, the Sacramento, Cal., Union
his this: "As the Howard Court
of Inquiry progress fn its investi
gation, the case looks better for
General Howard. It is thought
he will De ' found Innocent ot any
wrong himself, but the victim ot
orimes enacted by his: subordinates
in the Freedmeu's Bureau. This
will be accepted as good news.
General Howard has done manly
service fur the country, and it
would be a pity should his tame be
marred. We trust lie will be able
to prove himself clean-handed and
Says a late telegram : The tem
perance crusade througlioulr Ohio
and Illinois is not being so vigor
ously conducted as previous to the
late elections, but the movement
till continues, though tangible re
sults are not greatly encouraging so
far as closing of saloons is concerned.
It is, however, having the effect of
arousing the temperance1 sentiment,
and many signatures to total
abstinence- pledges are being yot.
Ml. ' - "L " .toil. ifclfff. 1JP .
Las it became evident that
exarf stwre ot
dkmage than good te the cause.
The tax payers ot Oregon met in
Convention st Salem ou Wednesday
last. The Convention was largely
attended, and the delegation showed
a large preponderance In favor ot the
working class. The following ticket
was placed in nomination :
For Governor, Rev. T. F. Camp
bell (Dern.), President of the Chris
tian College at Monmouth, a man of
fine education amlii good speaker.
For Congress T. W. Davenport
lUep.), a regular schrcecher on the
stump- man favorably known nil
For Secretary ot State, Jas. II.
Donthitt (DeiQ.), of Wasco, one of the
oldest settlers In Oregod.
For Treasurer, Denial Beach fBep. ),
of Linn, an honest, competent gen
tleman, under whose care the State
finances will be sate. lie is a safe
man and a good one.
For State Printer, W. M. Hand, of
Wasco, proprietor of the Dalles
MounUmetr. It elected Bill will see
that the State work is got out in good
slwpe, you bet.
For Superintendent of Public
Instruction, W. W. Ogilvies (Rep.),
of Douglas a gentleman with .vhon
we have no personal acquaintance.
Both the Republican and Independ
ent tickets being composed of good
men, the voters of Oregon are going to
be split up considerably as to their
votes. As the Independents have two
of the best "stumpers" in the State,
tliey will certainly make the best
canvass, and as we see It, will get
away ith the largest vote. It will
be a hot canvass, or we mistake the
metal ot the candidates. Let her
James C. Tolman, the Repub
lican candidate for Governor, is
thus "set up" by the Jacksonville
James C. Tolman is a farmer,
and has been a resident of this
county for the past twenty years.
He has been a Republican since the
organization of the party, and has
held some of the most important
offices ot this connty. He is well
known throughout the State as a
gentleman of intelligence and high
moral worth ; has always been fore
most in his identity with enterprises
ot public merit, and will not sacri
fice the dignity nor neglect the
duty of one possition in efforts to
secure another, or in the accom
plishment of personal designs.
Possessed of a good education,
sound judgment, thorough knowl
edge of men and politics, and en-
joying a personal character and
politick record that challenges ac
cusation, together wKh.. experience
as a public officer, he will enter the
contest with a zeal and energy un
trammeled by the (ear ot exposure
or the necessity of explanation.
His residei.ee and service of twenty
years in the State has not been
decades of "struggles" for the office
or favors at the public hand, but
it has enabled him to acquire, a
thorough, knowledge of the real
wants of our State. No man in
Southern Oregon could have been
nominated for Governor who would
have met with more favor than
Judge James C. Tolman, and
should he be elected, the people of
Oregon can be assured that personal
jobs and swindling enactments will
meet With the veto of an Executive
who has the ability to distinguish
their character and the nerve to at
tack and destroy them. We have
known bim personally for thirty
years, and have yet to hear the
first charge of timidity, evasion or
act of moral or political dishonesty
preferred against him.
The following is the Democratic
County ticket for Umatilla: State
Senator, H. C. Myers; Hepresen.
tattves; & M. Penningtou and
Wm, Kmseljj Sheriff, A. W.
Kye Clerk, F. M. Crockett;
County Commissioners, J. Hailey
and J. B. Ptody; Treasurer, W.
H, Mtwbaflj Aamaor, J. T. Mor-
fwiaii an DcnsMj
The following is taken from a
Berlin letter to the New York
Herald. The sentiments ex pressed
are said to have been those uttered
by an old and favorite General in
the Prussian army.
We wish for peace and it is very
far from us. France is again arm
ing. She' is seeking tor allies.
France has allies iu all the Catholic
States of Europe. Austria, too, is
bidding high for the support of
Russia. We are surrounded on all
sides by doubtful friends or open
enemies. Our army ia one which
fights well, but which, from the
nature of its organization, cannot
fight often without putting a com
plete stop to our social machine,
leaving our fields until led and our
workshops untenanted. We are
determined to put an end to this.
We will not be kept in a state of
perpetual alarm. .France must
either conquer us or we will have
her friendship, or we will erase her
name from the worldlv map.
What we are determined to have is
peace, permanent peace. Our people
do not want military governmcnf,
but they will submit to it till
France and Austria are reasonable
and quiet or dead. All sensible
and honest persons are dissatisfied
with the terms of peace granted "to
Franco. They say we should have
taken no money. We did not want
it. It has all gone and must go to
the army, and now we are still so
frightened of the French that we
are obliged to keep up a military
establishment altogether beyond our
resources. The expenditure necesr
sary to maintain it leaves us noth
ing for our schools, nothing for sci
ence, nothing for art, and the stand
ard of our education is material iy
lowered. We cannot, we will not,
keep up so large an army. We
i -t ... -
win mane ineuas with prance or
we will destroy her; and Austria,
too, if she interferes ou religious
grounds. What we should have
done at the close of the last war
with France, and what we will do
the next time she troubles us, is to
takeaway from the country and
export to out own every sheep,
every ox, every fowl, every horse
she possesses. We will blow up
every French bridge, we will tear
up every h rench railway, and then
France must spend fifty or a hun
dred years iu repairing the damage
we have done.
Our Democratic friends have
contended that Congress has the
power to regulate commerce among
the States, and the present Con
gress, for the first time, has at
tempted to apply this authority in
adjusting the railway question.
The McCrery bill "to regulate
commerce by railroad among the
several States" came to ft vote re
cently in the House, and how did
the members of the Democratic
party, the bitter opponents,' you
know, of monopoly and oppres
sion," vote on .'the bill 1 Only Jive
Democratic members of the House
voted for the bill .'Democrats
voted almost solidly against the
bill, and it was carried only by
Republican votes! ' bis is another
evidence, plain an unmistakable,
that all this cry of the Democracy
of "opposition to railroad monopoly"
in the past was tlie rrterest claptrap
and humbug, to catch votes. And
every pledge given by the Demo
cratio platform, jju. the prefeat earn.
paign, oi -retrenchment and re
form," should the party be suc
cessful in June, will be treated just
as has this railway matter by the
Democracy in Congress.
It has been shown in ft case in
Minnesota that two men can start
a bank on $10 capital, take in
money, and run away with 20,000
in thirteen months' time.
mures near ouor uiy.
Tmimmin at BrawMvlUe.
Browxsviue, Apr. 16th, 1874.
En. Register : In compliance
with a motion made at the last
meeting, a meeting was held at the
M. E. Church on Tuesday evening,
4lh inst., for the promotion of the
cause of tern iterance. A consider
able degree of interest was mani
fested. The following preamble
and resolutions were presented by
Rev. E. G. .Michaels, and adopted :
Whereas, There is an unfortu
nate class of our citizens who cannot
Control their appetite, and who, when
under the influence of intoxicating
liquors are dangerous individu
als to the persons and property of
others, and all destroying themselves
soul and body, therefore,
Resolved, That we, the temper
ance people of Brownsville and
vidnity, are in favor of the next
Legislature of Oregon, passing a
law known as a civil damage law ;
whereby damages done to peisonor
property, by rny person in a state
of intoxication, may be collected
from the pei'son having sold or
given the liquor to said intoxicated
person, by which to become iutoxi-
Resolved, That we are in favor
of a law by which a person may be
arrested on a charge of drunkenness
the same as on a charge ot insanity,
and tried before a proper court
having jurisdiction in the case; and
it adjudged by said court to be
common drunkard, such person
shall be published as such ; and if
any person shall give or sell any in
toxicating liquor to such person
after such publication, he shall be
deemed guilty of a penal offence and
punished by fine
Reaolvea, That the Chairman of
this meeting appoint a committee
ot three to correspond with every
person running for office iu this
county and State, and ascertain
their views on the subject, and re
port to this meeting before the next
Resolved, That we will not vote
for any man whose antecedents do
not prove him honest and temperate,
and who will not pledge himself to
use fais influence, if elected, to pro
cure such a law as we desire.
Resolved, That these resolutions
bo sent to our county papers for
publication, and that we request
the co-operation of all persons in
the State favoring the cause of tem
perance. R. H. CRAWFORD, Chr.
Geo. C. Blakelt, Sec.
The National Uraage.
Much has been said and writ
ten about the officers of the Na
tional Grange, and up to this
time no one has thought of giving
an account of the different offices of
the organization, which will cer
tainly prove a more striking history
of the progress of the Order than
the biographies of the men connect
ed with it. During the year 1867
O. H. Kelley, who occupied then,
as now, the position of National
Secretary, resided on his farm in
Sherburn county, Minnesota, and
tliere the first records, of the new
born organization were kept. So
extensive were they that until 1670
the hat of the Secretary was eon
sidered an ample and sufficient re
ceptacle, and no other provisions
During the year 1870Mr.KeHey
removed his headquarters to Wash
ington, and the office of the Nation-
al Grange followed, of course.
With the help and assistance of
Miss Carrie A. Hall, the business
was conducted in the Secretary's
own house until the increase of sub
ordinate Granges and the formation
of severa) .State Granges necessitate
ed the want for more help and more
and there, tor die first time, rooms
were procured, to be used as the
office of the National Grange.
Two rooms were occupied in the
building No. 48 Third street, in
Georgetown, an additional clerk
was added to the list, and there the
work commenced in earnest. The
growth of the Order in 1872 was
considerable, and 1873 opened with
brighter prospects for the fnture.
In August, 1878, the Executive
Committee, finding that the limited
quarters at Georgetown were very
insufficient for the fast accumulating
mass ot documents and correspon
dence, secured the building at 612
Louisiana avenue, in Washington,
where the present offices are now
located. They thought this loca
tion would be amply sufficient for
years to come, but the unparalleled
spread of the organization sIiowb
that men's minds are apt to eny for
to-day there is hardly moving room
in the building, where clerks and
employees are kept busily at work.
1 lurtoLMi persons arc at present
writing, kept constantly busy in the
office, and ten rooms do not furnish
sufficient space tor work. The
times are greatly changed. Only a
few months since the Secretary
could take the packages under his
arm and walk up to the express
office. Now the .dams Express
Company send a wagon and mes
senger every day especially for the
packages of the National Grange,
which average daily more than 200.
A description of the present quar
ters may prove interesting to our
many readers, and as it is also a
matter of history in connection with
the organization of the Patrons of
Husbandry, we shall give a correct
pen-picture of the office room.
No. 612 Louisiana avenue, Wash
ington, D. C, is an unpretentious
looking building to all outside ap
pearances a neat residence, and were
it not for a small sign over the door,
indicating that it is the office of the
National Grange, would pass un.
noticed. The building is built ot
brick, and consists ot three stories
The basement contains the pack'
ing rooms, where all the parcels for
new Granges are arranged, wrap
ped, addressed and tied, ready for
shipment. Packages of documents
for deputies are also prepared there.
Five deputies are busily employed
in those rooms, and the number of
packages made and shipped daily
average more than four hundred.
On the hrst floor we find the
office of the Secretary in the front
room. I here the correspondence is
opened and distributed to the differ
ent departments ; or, if it relates to
some particular or special matter,
laid or the desk ot the Secretary for
his own attention.
Another room on this floor is
used as a record and cOrrespond
once office. There the applications
are recorded, letters answered, dis
pensations forwarded, etc, Four
persons are occupied in that room.
The records of the Order are also
preserved in that office, and one can
form an idea of the amount of work
accomplished when we slate thai
more than two hundred volumes.
which are entirely in manuscript.
are found on the shelves.
In the second floor are kept the
charters and documents more close
ly connected with the inside work
of the Order, aiid two persons are
kept there constantly busy prepar
ing those documents. A room on
this door is reserved as a special
office for the Worthy Lecturer, and
is also used as a meeting-room for
the Executive Committee.
Thd third floor is the Deputies
dormitory the sanctuary where
they can rest their tired limbs, and
attend to their special duties when
they visit Washington. The thjrd
story is, figuratively speaking, the
Everything is conducted upon t)m
strictest principles of order, and the
hands of the worthy sisters who as
sist the Secretary i his arduous
work are careful in Hay'"? eyiiTJ
scrap in its place, and keeping the
whole office in .ft: perfect state of
I Tb M of Bator CHy ant