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About The Albany register. (Albany, Or.) 1868-18?? | View Entire Issue (Oct. 11, 1872)
Rvpubllcttu Ticket Iter 1ST8.
S OU PBBilDKST, ,
U. S. GRANT.
roil VICE FBEMDEST,
It MEAOH.VM. of I'mafilln county.
W. !. II.M1K, l Wimliintfton county.
J. K. ZI.KY.of Dou.-iiis comity.
V. H. Offlflnl Pnprr for Oregon.
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 11. 1872.
liork anl 'mini Hill.
Tin liill Introduced in the House of
the Legislature providing for the State
to acquire possession by lease and
.'wnitnsl purchase of the cannl iiwd
locks at the Willamette falls, is excit
ing much discussion at this time. Tlie
bill as first introduced provided an an
nual rental to be paid by the State of
not to exceed $50,000 for a period of
ten years. Tills was amended to $40,
(100 for five years, ten per cent annu
ally to lie (Aid Into the common school
fund. Three commissioners are to be
fleeted every two years by tlie Legis
lature, who are authorized by tlie bill
to lease tlie locks so soon as they are
completed. They are to have control
of tlie canal and locks, fix the rate of
toll, and pay tlie collector and other
persons employed. The canal collec
tor Is to pay all money collected as
tolls Into tlie Suite Treasury, and the
money so obtained is to lie id Into
tlie general fund until, it exceed the
sum of fifty thousand dollars a year,
and thereafter, should there be ally
execs, it shall be paid into tlie com
mon school fund. At the expiration
of tlie lease of live years the State may
purchase the canal and locks at their
actual value, as provided in the Act of
1870, deiftierthgf ttc-4200,000 already
advanced by the State. This is our
understanding of the hill. We do not
believe this bill ought to pass. While
we believe tlie State ought to own
these works, she should not be required
to pay more than their cash value. It
is well known that the tonage on the
Willamette river has fallen off year
by year as railroad facilities have been
provided, until it now amounts to no
more titan twenty or twenty-two thous
and tons, which at fifty cents would
yield tlie Sjtate but $11,000 per annum.
The tolls for passengers would proba
bly increase that from one to two
thousand dollars more, and then the
rest ol tlie forty thousand dollars rental
would have to be paid out of the State
Treasury, thus Increasing the taxes
on tlie people to cover that amount.
Cut then how long will the tonage on
the river remain at 22.000 tons It is
computed that upwards ot one-halt of
that amount comes trom Yamhill
county, and that when the Wet Side
Railroad is completed through there,
that much, if not all of that will be
lost to the river, thus diminishing
these figures nearly if not quite one
half. The thing looks to us like an
attempted imposition. The men who
are buiidlug tlie looks, it seems to us
would not he so anxious to lease or
sell, were it a profitable or paying in
vestment They went into tlie pro
ject backed by two hundred thousand
dollars from the school fund, with the
design of making a "big thing" finan
cially, and not with the laudable aim
of increasing the facilities of naviga
tion. Tlie speculation does not prom
ise to pay as they thought, and so they
want to get out of It as handsomely
us possible. They have a right to
make this endeavor, If they choose ;
but the people do not care to be taxed
to death to enable them to succeed.
Let the State buy these Improvements
at a reasonable figure, for their pres
ent oah value; but don't pay them in
rents more money than the canal and
locks are worth. The duty before our
Republican Representatives In the
legislature in regard to this bill is
very plain. They should reject it most
The New York Tribune has devoted
a great deal ot space to the charge,
that Henry Wilson was a Know-Not h
ing some eighteen years ago. and every
j Greeley journal in the country, nearly,
I lias reliashed the charge. Supposing
J lie was. Every clwrgo they hurl
i against him in that direction, will ap
! ply with ea pial force and precision
; against Greeley. It Is well known
j that the latter was not only a friend,
! but an advocate of Know-Notliinglsm,
j at tlie time it was in vogue In tlie
j country.' In 1854 or 185ft. Greeley at
j tended a Know-Nothing meeting in
j Kingston. Ulster comity. N. Y., and
! was one of tlie speakers. Know-Noth-;
lug resolutions were passed, and Mr.
; Greeley, in his speech, endorsed and
i advocated them. Now if it was wrong
i for Hon. Henry Wilson (supposing he
; were. ) to be a member of that order in
Massachusetts eighteen years ago, was
It not equally wrong for the "Wood-
chopper of Chappaqua" to advocate Its
claims in New York fit the same time?
We submit it was. Because Horace
Greeley, at some time in his history,
lias been an advocate of almost every
idea or theory that Ins come up tor
recognition, is that any reason he
should be exempt from the consequen
ces of pnii.se or blame resulting from
their adoption? Hardly. It Is true
that lie is old atid well stricken in
years ; that his past history lias been
one of foolish whims tyid changes;
that he is now in the dotage of politics
as well as years, and hardly accounta
ble for what he saysordoes ; but these
things will not shield him from res
ponsibility. He must enjoy or suffer
the consequences of his past acts like
other men. Hence, the anathemas of
the Tribune on Wilson for his purport
ed Kuow-Xnthiiigisni eighteen yeais
ago, fall with equal Weight upon the
Tribune candidate for President, Hor
Much has been said by tlie oppoi-
tion of the extravagance of Grant's
Administration ; but investigation re
veals the fact that tlie public expen
ditures liave been less icr head, under
his Administration than that of any
other President since 1800. In that
year the expenditures on a gold basis
were $83,023,788 89, or $1 05 per
head. On the same basis, leaving out
tlie amount of indebtedness ehargable
directly to the war, the expenditures
ill 1871 were $73,554,110 78, or $1 75
lift capita. Then lu tlie matter of col
lecting tlie tax on whisky. During
the three years of Johnson's adminis
tration, with a tax of $2 a gallon on
whisky, only $93,000,000 were collect
ed ; butduringGraiit'sacluiiulstratioii,
with a tax of jijty outs a gallon on
whisky, the amount collected and paid
over to the treasury was $157,000,000.
The expense, too, of collecting the rev
enue lias been one-lyilf less than under
Johnson. Out, of the $2,060,220,196
53, whieh lias passed through tlie bauds
of officials during tlie past three years,
the Government lias lost through de
falcation only $1,094,963 05, which Is
a very low percentage of loss as com
pared With other administrations.
These are a few facts, among others,
which tlie people will consider in
choosing tlie next President.
Sap It On.
A Washington dispatch says our
Government will shortly take vigorous
apd decisive action for protecting our
Texan boundaries from Incursions of
Mexican smugglers and robbers. Tlie
high-handed outrages ot theft and
blood almost continually being perpe
trated on Our citizens by those Mexi
can banditti, would seem to call loudly
for speedy action. Let tlie remedy be
We have read four sepcrate cases of
men choking to death from eating
meat lately. Two of them occurred
in Sau Francisco, the last Individual
bearing the name of Austin' Dutton.
Why is it these cases are becoming so
frequent Is the fault In the meat
or is it in the "swallerr" Won't
some vegetable-eat lug, meat repudiat
ing Grecleyite tell us what lie knows
about It ?
Nearly SvQOO women are eneaeed In
' boot and shoe making in Philadelphia.
mmtMm r Hoa. J. H. Mitchell.
A brilliant recepth) was given to
Hon. John H. Mitchell;. United State
Senator elect at Portland, on last
Saturday evening. The proceedings
were begun by a fine display of fire
works at the Plum. wWeh were wit
nessed by thousand of spectators. A
triumphant arch, erected in front of
the Court House, bore Inscribed upon
it in illuminated letters tlie words,
"Our Senator. J. H. Mitchell." This
was greeted with eiitliksla-stic cheers.
The meeting, or reeejtoh pr..r In
tlie Court House, was attended by an
immense crowd, including a large del
egation from tlie Legislature. A brief
and appropriate address of welcome
ana congratulation was delivered by
Hon. H. W. Scott. The response of
Mr. Mitchell was felicitous and able,
both in rhetoric and sense, showing a
sensitive appreciation of the honor
which lias been conferred upon him,
a clear realization of tlie weight of
responsibility resting upon him, and a
modest though earnest determination
to bend every energy.. of body and
mind, to meet every obligation. His
reply was greeted with hearty cheers
Splendid election necomes thrill
ing over tlie wires from Pennsylvania,
Ohio and Nebraska. ljai tranft's ma
jority for Governor offftyniylvania
is announced to be tmvry thousand.
This is largely In cxeestpf what was
expected by Republicans. Hah of
that would have fully reached their
figures. The Republican majority in
that State last year w(j only 14,675.
Thirty thousand is more than double
that and Greeley, by hWihort speeches
there, must have made the difference.
Then comes Ohio, so hotly contested,
and so ardently thought by Chappa
quncks to be sound for the Sage, with
a Republican majority' of: from ten to
fifteen thousand a IWndsbme result
which indicates a most. 'overwhelming
victory there for Grans 'in November.
Nebraska, toe, steps In Jltie with a
majority of over fbe'hoUsknd a con
siderable Increase over last election.
At present writing, the result in India
na Is doubtful, though 'Republican
gains are reported, Tlie resn.lt In
Pennsylvania will satWjUhe Greeley-
itcs without a peradyentnre, of the
overwhelming defeat of their candi
dates next November. .
Be Prudent an Blaereel.
The report ot tlie Committee of the
present Legislature on the indebted
ness ot the State, shows a debt of $175,
000 whicli Is unprovided for. There
are now before the legislature quite a
number of bills, of a local nature, ask;
ing for appropriations more or less
large. If these bills are passed, the
SUte indebtedness will be fully doubled,
and the burdens of taxation will be
increased in that proportion. Is it
best at this time of financial pressure
to contract these additional obligations
for local purposes? Tlie habit of the
American people is to run In debt.
This has grown out ot the newness of
the country, scarcity of money, and
other causes ; and the habit has not
been slow to exhibit itself in the pro
ceedings of our Legislative bodies.
In fact the tendency of American leg
islation Is to a reckless prodigality of
the peoples' money. The. Legislature
preceding the one now in session, was
highly extravagant In niaiiy of Its leg
islative acts, and tn this incurred the
emphatic condemnation of the people.
We do not believe in the policy of a
niggardly economy, when it conies to
granting State aid to measures intend
ed to promote the general welfare of
the whole people ; but when it comes
to granting appropriatlons4r the de
velopment of local interests, and indi
vidual corporations, we ilo lielleve
lu tlie policy of a close ami rigid econ
omy on the part or the state. The
former are intended to tench every
citizen ; and for the money which he
annually pays to the State iu tlie shape
ot taxes, he feels that he receives an
ample equivalent. In the latter cases,
a few are benefited at the expense oi
the whole. We hope, therefore, our
present Republican Legislature will
snow a wise economy and prudent dis
crimination n granting State aid.
Tho Greeley party lave carried the
State of Georgia. This result was an -
tieipated by Republicans, though the
majority, thought to be some forty
thousand. Is in excess of what was
generally expected. The reason for
this excess is not hard to discover. It
may be traced to tlie intimidation and
outrage again renewed by the Kn Klux
organization in that State towards col
ored Republicans. In Wilkinson coun
ty, wliere two years ago so many flend-ish-outrages
were perpetrated, causing
a reign of terror among the entire
class of colored Republicans, acts
of intimidation and cruelty were again
committed on the 16th. nit. At this
time two colored men, because of their
Republican principles, were compelled
to flee from their homes for their lives
before tlie murder-Intent hounding of
tlie revived Ku Klux. One colored
Republican was secured and most ter
ribly lashed by these unlawful Gree
leyltes. Colored women and children
were insulted and terrified, though
luckily for them, uninjured bodily.
Hundreds of the colored men of that
county were debarred from going to
the polls by these unlawful acts, and
. by threat, and we presume the same
! system of terror was practiced in many
i other sections. The Ku Klux being
again on tlie scent for colored Repub
lican blood, is the reason why Georgia
has gone upwards of forty thousand
majority for the Chappaquack ticket.
Greeley arrived In Philadelphia on
tlie 28th nit., making speeches on the
route, lu Eastern Pennsylvania he
said : "I am a protectionist as all
men know, but It is equally true that
if a majority in Congress should pass
a law not reconcilable with these opin
ions. I would not exercise the veto
The Commonwealth Insurance Co.,
of Baltimore, has been ordered to sus
pend for fraudulent transactions.
Caleb Gushing astonished the mem
bers of the Geneva Conference by his
remarkable ability as a linguist.
It is estimated that the annual loss
to Missouri from Insect depredations
amounts to $60,000.
. The official canvass of Vermont
shows a majority of Converse of 20.
319. Three-fourths of the oil wells
throughout Pennsylvania, by agree
ment among their owners, were stop
ped at midnight on tlie 28th tilt., to
watt for the price of oil to advance.
Bishop Lagiien, of Syracuse, N. Y.,
died at Saratoga on the 30th ult
Two persons were killed and eight
wounded by tlie colliding of two trains
on the railroad near Patterson, N. J.,
on the 29th ult.
On last Saturday night week a train
tlie Boston, Concord and Montreal on
railroad was thrown from the track.
Wrecking three cars, and fatally
Wounding three passengers, and injur
E. K. Smart ex-Congressman, died
at Camden on tlie 29th ult.
Patrick Leary, of New York, lately
discharged from the Insane Asylum,
bad a recurrence ot his insanity on tlie
30th ult.. and horribly mutilated his
wife and daughter with a meat saw.
Considerable excitement existed in
the Pennsylvania oil regions on the
;ltii int., over tne smpemon. in
some localities violence Is reported.
In accordance with a recent act of
Congress, no paper, after the 30th ult.,
is subject, to stamp duty except bank
checks, drafts or orders. No stamp Is
required on foreign bills of exchange.
The Collector of Internal Revenue
decided that wholesale ami retail
liquor dealers may continue and sell
malt liquors under the special tax hav
ing receipts as sucn, wuiimk oeiug
assessed as malt liquor dealers, and
the collection of taxes assessed con
trary to this construction shall be sus
pended until the question is brought
A Committee of tlie Colored Men's
Convention or New England, which
met at Faneuil Hail, Boston, Sep. 5tl.
called on the President on the 30th
ult", and presented a letter from tlie
Convention. The President lb reply,
expressed his gratification that his
efforts to secure protection to life and
nmnertv of all classes throughout the
country had been so fully appreciated,
and thanked the committee tor tlie
kind manner tn which they had allud
ed to his action toward their race.
The verdict iu the Fair cage Is re
ceived in Chicago with surprise and
. Many lives are reported lost and
vessels driven ashore by a stotm on
Lake Huron last Saturday night.
A prisoner attempted to escape from
Chicago policemen last Sunday night
and was shot dead.
J John McCool has been nominated
for Mayor of New York by the Na-
j tloual Democratic Convention.
i Tweeds' son denies that his father
Mr. William L. Despaln, ofOreene
county, Kentucky, has eiopeu wild
his si'ster-ln-law and two of a neigh
bor's horse, leaving a sick wife and
nine children to mourn his loss.
Secretary Bontwell arrived at St.
Lonsls on' the 8th Inst., visited the
Fair in 'be afternoon and spoke In tlie
Temple at night to a large audience,
composed mainly of the substantial
men of the city without regard to poli
tics. Ills speech was a clear and con
cise statement of the financial condi
tion. An. explosion of nltro glycerine oc
curred at Bayonne, N. J.. on the 5th
Inst, on the railroad wliere It was ap
olied for blasting. Patrick M. Glynn.
forty feet distant had his arm tori ofl'
by a piece of rock. Another laborer
was struck In the bowels and was in a
dying condition. Another was lifted
in tlie air and was severely injured.
A residence two hundred feet distant
had the roof crushed through by boul
ders of a thousand pounds.
chief of Police McWilllams, ami
Detective Doyle, of the Jersey City
force, were arrested on the 5th, charg
ed with being Implicated In the at
tempted robbery of the First National
Bank of that city.
Buckley, Justice of the Police Court
at Brooklyn. N. Y., was Indicted on
the 5th. tor intoxication while on tlie
bench and for dereliction of duty.
In a work on finance now in pre
paration by Assistant secretary of the
Treasury. Richardson, he says, alter
quoting the law of February. 1868.
tor the reduction of currency, at this
time tlie amount outstanding Is three
hundred and fifty-six millions. That
is the limit below which the circula
tion of the United States notes cannot
be reduced without Congressional en
actment, and the amount out has fluc
tuated between that amount and four
hundred million as authorized by law.
The issue of a reserve of forty-live
million Is left to the discretion ot the
Secretary, who has never since availed
himself of it to any extent whatever,
except on two occasions. During
September, 1869, about a million and
a half of three per cent, bonds de
manding certificates came In suddenly
for redemption and were paki out of
tliis reserve, but the .amount so with
drawn within two weeks was again
Telegrams to .Mr. Mori. Japanese
Minister, at Washington, from San
Francisco on the 4th. contain the latest
advices from Japan to Sep. 7th. and
state that the country is quiet and the
Government affairs are progressing
favorably. Mori authorizes a denial ,
of the statements of the antl progres
sive movements in Japan.
Government has received Informa
tion of extensive smuggling off the
Gulf coast, from Kef West to New
Orleans, by running goods along tlie
Gulf shore and thence Into the interior
of the railroad points. Measures have
been taken to stop it.
Miss Annie Murray on the 4th Inst.
was thrown from a second story win
dow In Brooklyn, N. Y.. by Patrick
McClosky. and was impaled on a picket
fence. Her injuries will probably
Near Austin, Miss., a negro out
raged and murdered Mrs. Weiss, a
German woman, and plundered her
house. Citizens were iu pursuit.
Advices at Washington from the
Northwest Boundary Commission, sav
that little progress is made In locating
the forty-ninth parallel.
Rodney Adams, one of the oldest,
editors if) Eastern New York, is dead.
To ease the money market Acting
Secretary Richardson directed the As
sistant Treasurer to buy $5,000,000 iu
bonds and sell $5, 000. 000 in gold on
the 7th Inst.
Greeley has been Invited to make
another western tour.
Serious trouble was apprehended on
the 6th, between the authorities of
Georgia and the U. S. Marshal, in re
gard to the surrender of the Atlanta
and Chattanooga Railroad. General
Wafford is instructed by Gov. Smith
not to give up the road, rather tear it
uo first. The Marshals have arrested
Sheriff of Dade comity, and more
trouble Is looked for.
Eighteen friars expelled from the
Guatemallan Government sailed from
New York on the 8th for Europe.
The reading room of Cooper Insti
tute wks thrown open to the public for
tlie first time on the 6th, and was visi
ted by nearly 400 persons.
The registration of voters began in
New York last Tuesday.
A riot occurred in Cincinnati on the
night of the 7th. between the Fourth
Ward Greeley torchlight procession
and some colored people. From fifty
fo seventy-five shots were tired, wound
ing several persons, but none fatally.
The Greeley Club was largely Irish,
and tlie locality of the riot was thickly
settled with colored people. The ne
groes say it was an organised attack
to prevent them from voting the next
day. They were informed during. the
day that tbey would be attacked that