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About The Albany register. (Albany, Or.) 1868-18?? | View Entire Issue (Aug. 20, 1870)
"S3V r1' 3F-"' T."'
n- . ,
U. S. Official Paper for Oregon.
VliU Lake and Vicinity.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 20, 1870.
War News. The reports from Eu
rope are conflicting ; it would seem,
however, that we are seeing the last of
the great Napoleon. The very latest war
news, up to the hour of going to press,
will be found in our columns this nioru
The -ait'icli headed '-lien. II olladay,' j tility to be comfortable under the most
Brownsville, Aug. 9th 1870.
The 5'heated term" still continues and
a parallel to the present weather both as
to its intense heat and its duration, is
not recorded in the anuals of the history
of .Oregon, and without the recollection of
the 'oldest inhabitants.' There are many,
however, who will distinctly remember
the second and third days of July four
years ago, as tho hottest weather ever
experienced in Oregon, and during which
i time it was simply a matter of iuipossi-
in this issue, in taken from the Boise City
Slatrmait. and is decidedly a good hit
at PcmocrutiJ journals who are snapping
favorable circumstances. All kinds of
vegetation was completely burned up, as
it were, the 6treaais receded so rapidly
DC it. the heels of IScn. Holla- j that many feared some of them would be
.Markets. European and Eastern
wheat quotations are a shade lower eince
our lust. Thi? may be the result of a
corner," and will be but temporary.
BROW NSVlI.l.i: ITEM!.
rnii "i it pi;i; ilar com:rsiivcrsT.
I5nowNs vri i k, Au. 16, 1570.
Things are getting ''mighty dry" up
our way, and the general desire u that
we could have a good shower to lay the
dust aud clarify the air ; but despite of
rbe du.t and -fry weather business id still
Pursuant to a c.tll by the Superintend- j one fine tooth comb,
j entirely dried up ; the thermometer
' stood 112 in the shade, with not a breath
1 of air stirriu2, and all persons were so
1 completely overcome with heat that no
i one would risk, and in fact could not
I stand being out doors iu the suu for more
than a or 10 minutes at a time. Those
ytwo days are said to be the hottest ever
j Known in this State. The present term
i has not been to hot, but has been of
: much longer duratiou. 'Twas at such
j an interesting time as this, that I
i started on a tour of inspection to the
j mountains of llepsidam, where the liou
: roareth, &c. Jlyjoutfit was one complete
! nrmnw nnrl fniwiutoI rF nnn i : i f I." i." n i ff
J J " j
tooth brush, towl.
tnc of -the Union Sabbath School, in
South Urownsviile, on last Saturday, the
; one sixteen inch double barreled bowie
i knife, one yauger, one pair of heavy re-
children and as mauy of their friends as ; musket, 3000 percussion caps, five bags
:be busy harvest season would admit, met ; of shot, 3 reams of paper, Jib of powder,
at the Presbyterian church, for the one loaf of bread, and 3 bottles of whisky,
purpose of holding a Vic-nie. After the prepared for operations offensive and
. . , . , . , T defensive, and determined to tight it out
singing of several pieces by the young ; Qn Uiat Une if h tQok M guruu)er. But
folk?, Kcv. llobe addressed the children I t didn't take all summer. The com-
in a verv neat and amronnate sDeech ot rauv ot which the expedition was com
twenty fuinutcs length. Several others
were called on and made short addresses :
arising from stagnant water, low wet
lands, marshes, sloughs, &c, are : preva
lent to any extent. They do not claim
however to hare had to shoot a man to
start a graveyard, yet such a receptacle is
seldom brought into requisition, and con
sequently filling up very slowly; but
certainly one could not desire to take his
last sleep in a more quiet, lovely spot,
than upon one of the many shady knolls
that overlook and stand as everlasting
sentinels to the valley beneath. The sun
will shine as brighty in this lovely spot,
and the long unnumbered days glide as
silently and swiftly away, to the uncon
scious sleeper here, as iu the more aris
tocratic shades of Greenwood Cemetery,
the flowers will shed their fragrance as
profusely, and the singing; of sad requi
ums by the wind, whistling through tho
tall pines, will have as soothing a sound to
deaf ears, as the sobs of the dear ones
left behind ; for my part I do not see
why one place is not as desiarble to be
buried iu as another; yet a great many
are learlul that, when they die, they
may be buried in some distant, lonely,
unseen spot; but as I am not quite yet
ready for burial, I will close the subject.
The hot rays of old sol. together with
the exercise of horse-back riding had
considerably sharpened my appetite, and
on arrival at the toll gate I was extreme
ly glad to hear that,
was ready, and that I could walk in and
help myself. I found my companions
bad already arrived, and were waiting
my coming, and were anticipating great
results to llow from their part of the ex
pedition in the way of game and fish. An
unpretending youth myself I thought my
weapons of destruction already named
would carry conviction to every heart
that I was "on it," and meant '-biz," and
that if I didn't "talk" much I would be
on baud to scare an3-thiog that was
"searcable" by my military display. A
Missouri treat followed dinner, in which
all participated smoking his own "weed,"
and then the horses being saddled, a trav
el of two miles was made to where our
interspersed with singing. The meeting
was tlwiu formed in double file under the
direction of Jlev. lloork, and inarched
to the school house, where the provision
committee had spreal out t lie eatables
posed, as it left this city, if not respect- j stock of provisions was stored, which had
able in point of numbers, was doubly so
in a moral and intellectual point of view ;
i oeen nauiea up on a waeron a day or two
money, and is more than satisfied, all
thiugs considered. The improvements
on the place are not extensive ami con
sist of a temporary house, with a barn,
and perhaps some 20 or 30 acres of land
under rude cultivation. He has an ex
cellent garden, and raises vegetables
enough lor his tamily, and some to spare.
The land having been originally covered
with a dense growth of heavy timber, it
was necessarily the hard work of a num
ber of years, to bring it to even its pres
ent state of cultivation. The hay (timo
thy) trrown UDon this land seems to be
strongly impregnated with the smell of
wood and weeds, and is not very much
relished by horses, still they eat it, as
nothing better," or as good is afforded,
anywhere in the mountains between
Millers,' and Lava Lake.
The spring, or rather springs, are sit
uated under the left bank of the Santiam,
and to the left of the road going east,
close to the waters' edge, and on heiG2
taken up has something of a sparkle and
sn-n which resembles common "pop,"
: . . . r
clear as crystal. From the velocity ot i ti
the water issuing from tha newly found
spring, it must have considerable "head,"
and apparently comes down from the
bank above. The drinking of it invari
ably has a drowsy effect upon me, and
after drinking a gallon or two, could go
to sleep very comfortably.- Whether
these Soda Springs have within them
selves any distinct medicinal virtues, 1 can
not say, but they are steadily increasing
iu popularity, and who knows but that
in some distant day their fame may be
come as wide spreid as the famous Sara
toga Springs; und as patrouiicd by the
elite and fashion of Oregon as is Saratoga
by the wealth arid aristocracy of New
York and surrounding cities.
Our road to-day as we leave the green
timber at Canyon creek, (2 miles from
Lower Soda and 15 miles from the toll
gate) and enter the "burnt district" along
the Santiam, lies through one of the
most dreary, wretched, despisable and
forbidden looking stretehes of country it
has ever been my lot to travel over, it 1
lhat had beeu contributed fur the occasion,
which consisted of chicken, pies, cake,
und many other good things, of which
children are fund and older people do
not despise, which, when spread out ready
for eating made quite an inviting ap
pearance. Without much ceremouy all
pitched in" very good uaturcdly and
taking the Yankee plan, "ate beat first,
and so had Lest, nil the time." There
being enough fur all aud some to spare,
no one went away hungry. After din
ner the young people amused themselves
a short time jumping tho rope, but as
the day was too, warm fjr such vigorous
exercise, they soon desisted, walked back
to the church where they amused them
selves singing and talking for a thort
time, aud then dispersed to thtir several
homes, well pleased with themselves and
the rest of the World, feeling that they
had had a ood time.
During a couple of days of
Messrs. A. Wheeler and A. K.
a stenciling tour. They went up the :
Santiam .road as far 13 the toll-gate, 1
thence back by the way o Lower Soda
Springs marking the gates, fences, log?, t
stumps and out-houses with "For dry i
goods go" t .. Wheeler," and "For j
Raddles and harness go to A. E. Ellis." !
This looks like they meaut business.
"We think it always pays to advertise oues I
business, and wish them success. !
Messrs. J. Malone aud Wm. Rodgers j
with their families will leave here this j
morni-ng for Walla WalJi valley, where ;
they expect to make permanent homes, j
They arc good citizens and nice famiiie.i, !
und will be a desirable addition to any i
community. We regret to see them ;
leave us, and our Village can ill afford to .
lo&c'them at tins' time. :
Krom Day to;:.
and as vour correspondent always liked j
to talk to a sensible man. and hear a j
sensible man talk, tho conversation du
ring the first twenty miles of the trip
' from Brownsville to the toll-gate was
extremely entertaining and lively, if not
profitable. The couutry through which
the road passes, is, to say, the least, (at
the present season ot the year) rather
was indeed a gay old crowd ; all good
naturcd, jolly, fun-loving fellows, ready
fir anything aud everything in the way
of adveuture, and oh my ! you can't im
agine what fellows to talk. It is no won-
All through the late campaign in Ore
gon the democratic journals and speakers
made the burden of their how "Ben Hol
laday." He was the rock against which
their ocean rolled. He was the Ajax,
Hercules, or Sampson, who sat "upon the
bosom of democracy" and bore their cause
down with leaden weight. Like a hideous
nightmare he kept them in fever heat and
unstrung their nerves. All that was bad
on earth was iu this man. No story of
corruption or fraud but what was laid to
Holladay. In this reckless way they
acknowledged that Holladay had more
brains than the entire democratic party
in Oregon. They feared his bold straight
forward, business-like way. They knew
he was uo child no weak, womanish
creature ; in fine, he was not of the clay
they had been handling in Oregon for
years. He had anglo-saxon back-bone.
He was no wishy-washy democrat ; so they
! dreaded him. He went to Oreeon and
found her without a railroad. Instead he
without having the same taste, and is Hound two or turee poor, sickly corpora-
. ! rt x: i :i.i.. i.-...i - :i J
lOUS, ilcumuij uiiauuicu iui lauiudu
companies, without money, credit, energy
or ability. He bought one of them out
and within six months bad twenty-five
miles of road built and equipped, and the
wild woods along the Willamette echoed
to the sound of the screeching locomotives.
He controls and is building the east-side
road, called the Oiegon aud California
Railroad. He sold the bonds necessary
to build the road before a spade struck
the earth. Iu the "European Mail," of
April 7th, 1S70, we notice that Messrs.
Richer & Co., of Berlin, state that as the
subsctiptions for stock of the O. & C. R.
R. amount to much more than is required,
a corresponding reduction will take place,
subscribers up to S20,000 receiving the
amount of their subscriptions, aud all
above that suui teu per cent, less." When
we consider that less than ten United
States loans are officially quoted in the
printed lists of the Berlin Stock Exchange,
our readers can at once see what charac
ter Holladay has giveu this heretofore
bankrupt railroad company, aud what
business capacity can do toward resusci
tating a dead body. Every species of
black-guardism, every delicate bit of filth
and morsel of obscenity, which find such
ready place in democratic journals, that
could be found, were thrown at and shower
ed upon this man. For five months past
the political contest in Oregon was not
Democracy vs. Republicanism, but Bri-
I except a volcanic country lyiug on the
! north of Snake river, exteiidinj; up aud
Uur company, now augmented by two, j down that stream lrom a point some six
miles above ! ort Hall to some 50 miles
below, and from near the banks of the
river to the base of the Wind River
Mountains some 25 miles distant. A
description ot this country at this place
would he impossible for me. but will say
near at hand,
and as the hour for noon was
some diuner seemed to be
absolutely essential to the comfort aud
well being of the "inner man."
An occasional health or pleasure seek
er was passed, camped oa the banks of a
stream where wood, water and grass were
abundant, enjoy iug the out door air as
well in the valley as in the mountains.
We crossed "Amos' creek" and reach
ed a slight eievatiou over which the road
passed, and we have the first view of
"Sweet Home." A very pretty little val
ley certainly ; entirely hemmed in by
the surrounding hilis and mountains,
among which it nestles aud looks quite
comfortable and home like, and its
last week ' name "Sweet Home'' is very appropriate.
Ellis took ' There are perhaps two or three factious
of land in the valley suseeptiole of culti
vation, though fern of the rankest growth
cc-vers a great portion of the level lanJ,
and is, of course, somewhat a drawback
to successful cultivation, as fcru always
is wherever found. Tho inhabitants,
however, seem to be industrious, thrifty
der my soul almost went, into ecstacies
over the delightful prospect right before ! that t tie entire extent of country inclosed j dle-path-canal-boat-pack-traiu-slow-devel-
me, and the first visious were of deer and m the boundaries given you, 13 a vast bed I opiuent vs. lien Holladay s Railroad. I he
bear, with trout interspersed to fill the j of lava, in every conceivable form and j democratic papers representing the i
interstices between. Who would think I shape where no sign of vegetation of any ! indolent class above meutioned, and be- j
of staying at home when such seductive J kind is to be seen. Great deep fissures j iug on a platform of anti-progress, forgot
influences are at work to lead him away ; in the lava (sometimes tilled with yellow I the the battle and were to ruu lJolladay
and besides plenty of good grub,
rah! all set; now we are as free as
upon tho Alps." "S'ow we are in the
mountains. Let everybody whoop and
holloa. I love to train my fine musical
voice, and "now is the time to do it; with
these thoughts running through my head,
I started in on Old Dan Tucker, when
like venison ?
Uur- ! sulphuric water, but generally dry
say, look here do you
So sir, don't care a cuss for it
but we do, and come out here for the
purpose of getting some, and would cer
tainly feel under obligations to you if
you would so discommode yourself as to
close that fly trap of yours, you'll scare
all the game away. Forbearance having
nlwavs been one of my prime christian
Tcel j occur, down which a stone may be thrown,
occupying several seconds in its fall,
striking the bottom with a hollow sound.
Where the wagon road passes over it. the
crust fairly trembles and waves, and the
wagoa produces a sound something like
that produced by pounding on the head
of a buss drum. A perfect paradise ior
all manner of foul reptihs and civ-nin,'
things; dirty looking i.zz-.ird.-, e.i.u
pedes, scorpions, and innuiuerub.e ratile
snukS, the thought of which always
makes me shudder. But come to thiuk
of it, that has nothing to do with Fish
We leave the green timber to come
out into the hot glaring sun of the burnt
; out ci uregon. nie teierapn ot the
4th and 5th informs us 01 their success :
j Holladay has just bought out the West
! Side Railroad lock, stock and barrel, and
1 owns a controlling interest in the Port
' land, Astoria and McMiunville Railroad.
So he controls the railroad system ot the
; State of Oregon. 17t c r.t Jlo'lurhiy ' Now
i Oregon will take a new start and have
j some prospects of being a fair sized State
in population. v lien iioiiauay came 10
Oregou. instead ol receiving him with
kindness the democracy attempted to snub
him, aud why-' because they knew his
energy, feaied his brains, and knew they
couldn't get ,hi uioney by any game of
draw in the back room, but would liare
to earn it. When the leaders of that
! SPECIAL TO THE REGISTER.
j Dates to Angus 18.
j New York, Aug. 1G. The following
telegram has just been received :
S Saverne, Aug. 1G. Fortress Morsala
a small town a little northeast from
Nancy, has been captured by a body of
Bavarian troops, after a short bombard
ment. Sixty cannon were captured,
j It is feared in Paris that McMahon's
corps, at and around Strassburg, has been
Following is from the French official
The French are not in any ereat force
before Strassburg. The town of Bitsch
still holds out. The railroad bridge at
Laigisheim, beetween Strassburg and
Bastle, has been destroyed by the enemy.
Stories to the effect that the Empress
and Prince Imperial are ou English soil,
were reported to-day. They are untrue.
It is certain that the Prince is now in
London, Aug. 16. The Telegraph
thinks two battles were fought on Sunday,
at Pogue, eight miles from Mctz, and
Logueville ; that the Prussians assaulted
the French rear guard, driving them
behind the entrenchments of Metz, when
the Prussians were repulsed.
New York, Aug. 16 4.15 P. M.
Rumors are afloat of a great battle in
France, wherein the Prussians were
touted. A London paper says there is
no authority for such a statement, and
pronounces the story false ; in all the
recent engagements the Prussians have
been uniformly successful.
Paris, Aug. 16. Tho Prefect of
Verdun telegraphs that no official news
fronisJMetz has been received. All day
yestferddy the roar of cannon was heard
between Metz and Verdun. Persons who
reached here from that direction say that
a great battle was fought and tho Prus
sianslost 40,000 men and were completely
routed. I lie Government has not beeD
able to verify this report
Paris, Aupr. 16. Official confirmation
of the great victory is impatiently await
ed. Palikao stated in the Senate that he
bus no official news of a victory. He
stated that Bazainc unmasked two batte
ries of mitralleurs in Sunday's battle,
entirely annihilating two regimeuts of
.McMahon issued a complimentary ad
dress to his troops, saying this retreat
was victory, and by a comparison of
numbers his troops showed the greatest
Berlin, Aug. 16. Fort Hcnny cap- J
itulatcd yesterday. Great quantity of 1
provisions and six guus captured. j
King William telegraphs from tho :
battlefield near Mctz, that the conflict ;
was desperate, involving the entire line.
New York, Aug. 17. London
specials from Berlin Bay that another at
tempt lor peaco lias been made between
France and i'russia. lite yuccn a mes
sengers arrived at Berlin yesterday with
proposals tor peace trom the JDghsn
Cabinet. The French Emperor express
ed a readiness to treat for peace. The
King and Bismarck were telegraphed to,
at headquarters. The King replied that
if Napoleon wished for peace, he must
ask for an armistice in the usual way ;
the issue must be decided by arbitration
Information received from Verdun
this, Tuesday, morning, that a great
battle was progressing near Mala, a town
about one-third of the way on the route
from Metz to Verdun. A large num
ber of wounded, on both sides. No par
Gens. Frosard and Beauithelle re
A large body ot I'russians advanced
towards Metz on the enemies line of re
treat. They encountered severe fighting.
The conflict lasted twelve hours ; loss on -
both sides heavy. Gens. Doermg and
Wigle killed, Rousich and Grasscher
wounded. The French were driven in
.Berlin, Aug. IS.-. Maval engage
ment reported on the Baltic.l One di
vision of the lJi i:: s'ai fleet1 yesterday
eiicountei ed ..ci. fleet cf four fiig-
ates aud a corvette. The Prussian gun
boats soon withdrew with loss. The-
French fleet is off Dombasche.
New York, Aug. 18. Private
cables say that Bazaine declared the
ememy repulsed along the whole liuev
The German official reports claim that
their victory over the French prevented
the continuance of the retreat.
London, Aug. 18. The Tribune's
correspondence from Chalons says that
an alarm was sounded Monday evening,
and the artillery went forward, but found
the railroad cut jit Belsmar, and fell back.
No communication exists between Metz
aud Chalons, or Verdun." We do not know
where the French main body is.
Cavalry were seen twenty miles from
here on Sunday.
The Tribune's correspondence from
headquarters of the Crown Prince says,
we are daily advancing. McMahon's
corps is almost destroyed, no . remnant
being found as the Prince pushes steadily
forward against tho right flank cf tho
French. ' -
London, Aug. 13. Bizaine tele
graphed, that lie held his position yes
terday against Prince Frederick Charles
Verdun, Aug. 18. The battle still
rages this side of Lars and La Tours, and
.- to be in our favor. On Tuesday
tie cvjti'.y v.vr. repu'sftd along the entire
The Tribute's cable ftays that Tucs-
The enemy was repulsed at all points, i j?' biltllc is seconding proof of French
virtues, I had to let Old Dan Tucker rest
but vowed vensrence when I should ar- i district. We travel a nhort distance on ; party have to earn money it is terrible on
rive 50 or lUO miles from nowhere. : level gropnd, thou the monotony is re- 1 them. In fact they said. "Holladay will
Then I would pitch in all the harder. j lieved by riding dowu a steep declivity buy us." Week after week they kept up
Tho hot sun of the day previous con - into the bottom of a small creek, or pitch- this, " He'll buy us !" but he didn't, he
well-to-do farmers, and I noticed several ; vinced me that a pair ot buckskin gloves j ed unceremoniously ncaa nrst mto ravine, j only t-ougnt, me ranroaa ; ana now mey
fine fields of wheat and oats, which look- i would be a useful auxiliary to prevent the filled with round boulders, usually de- hang their weeping, hatchet faces, and
f,,V,x- ua nnv- T l,rl'00,n fWtHnr ! hands from becouiiuiT chopped up and i nomi ua t ed " u iger heads," and s cramblc j say , "lie wouldu't buy us! Query:
down the Willampttp vallev Tho rpsi- ! sore, which were procured at Millers, and tip on the opposite side if you can get up, j Where will their fall and winter supply
We left the little village of L. Wed
nesday, 21st of July, at 2 o'clock, P. M.;
we arrived at Jefferson, after three hours"
dr.Te over a hot, dusty road. There we
remained with our friend, Mr. L. Jones,
till next day. Jefferson is a beautiful
little village. Here is located the Jef
ferson Institute, a school of which any
village should feel proud. For two years
it has been conducted by Prof. Mann as
Principal, and Miss Mary A. Robinson
as Preceptress. Under these popular
educators the school has grown rapidly
in public favor.
In due time we arrived at Salem.
This city is growing very rapidly. I be
lieve no costly building, except the bauk,
has been erected during the last year,
but many neat, comfortable dwelling
house have been completed, while on all
sides carpenters are busy erecting others.
The gas-works are nearly completed. The
pipes are now being laid through the
streets, and by the first of September,
Salem will be lighted with gas.
We arrived at Dayton Friday evening.
Dayton is a pleasant little village, situa
ted on the Yamhill -river, two miles from
its junction with the Willamette. It
contains tWdryirOod "stores, one black
smith shop, a reaper manufactory, and a
population of about two hundred. As it
is situated at the head of steamboat navi
gation on the Yamhill, aad as boats can
ply between it and Oregon City all sea
sons of the year, it is destined to play no
unimportant part in the history of Yam
hill county. As Lafayette, the present
. . - i . i .
county-seat, us ueau, layton may some
day aspire to claim the honor of being
the county-town ; but as it now stands
McMinn'ville will be the couuty-seat be
fore many years.
Speaking of the county-seat, reminds
me of the "contest" which came off here
a few weeks ago, before his Honor,
JudgeJBoise. Well it is over and both
parties are awaiting his IIonor'B decision,
in hope and fear.
Farmers are very busy gathering in
their grain. The fall grain is very good,
but the spring grain is liht. But, take
it altogether, farmers will be well paid
this year for their labor.
Yours ia haste, TRAVELER.
denecs although not imposing or very ! betore nine o clock ot -Monday, J uly 2o,
pretentious, had an air of neatness and i wc were Past "Whisky Spring," and far
comfort around them, and your corres- I advanced up the dividing ridge before
pondeut could see no reason why life 1 spoKen ot ; everything m good running
could not be enjoyed fully as well in order and C01DS ala2 smoothly, and fi-
"Swect Home," as at other points more '
favorably located perhaps, as to access to i
market and advantages of more extensive j
society ; but the Sweet Homer's hate j
advantages not possessed by some other ;
localities ; that ot pure mountain air,
not, let your
horses rest awhile and
try again, " aud so on. lhe
everlasting mountains present anything
but contrast in the general make of the
surrounding scencrv, but as far as the
eye can reach is seen the same mountain- : by residin
ous stretch ot barren hills entirely dest
clear cold sparkling water, which ruu3
through their valley, a dancing meiry
brooklet, alternately leaping on its way
through the sunshine sparkling with life,
or running silently through the deep
recesses of wood on either side, seemingly
reveling in gladness in its own undis
turbed happy and peaceful possession of
the many charms which the God of na
ture has giveu it and with which he has
so bountifully supplied all animate and
The view of the mountains over which
our route lay across the Cascades was
grandly unpleasant, and suggestive of
nothing neither romantic or beautiful.
The valley or canyon of tho Santiam is
well defined, winding its way up among
the bare rocks of the hills bordering its
banks, the more elevated peaks stretching
away to either right or left, and dimly
seen through the green foliage which
covers the foot hill this side of what is
known as the "burnt district," and over
which the "Willamette Valley and Cas
cade Mountain Wagon Road" passes,
winding along the base, and finally cross
ing the hills forming the dividing ridge
between the waters of "Wiley Creek,"
which flows through Sweet Home valley
on the south, and the South Fork of the
Santiam river on the north. But, how
ever, at the upper end of tho valley, and
some two miles this side of where the
road cresses the divide, an object of in
terest or at least attention presents its
self to the eye of the traveler as the
of the aforesaid Wagon Road Company,
attended to by Mr. Gilluand, who is ever
ready on the part of the Co. to receive
the usual lee for toll, and to render an
account of himself or any assistance neces
sary to people traveling on the road.
.hiver kind and obliging to all, he is every
body's friend and every body is his
friend that is worthy of his friendship ;
and to sum up in a few words, he is a first
class, A No. 1. good man, of strong Dem
ocratic proclivities, thoroughly dyed in
the wool, but none the less an honest
man and a gentleman.
of the people living in this valley, is far
superior to persons living in . lower, and
and damper localities ; Fever and Ague
are comDarativelv unknown, and nona of
! the diseases consequent upon the malaria
nallv about noon reached the "Lower
Soda," a short distance up the river from
where the road comes down over tho hill
to the Santiam. Here we found oats and
hay for our horses, together with good
rich sweet milk (a thing to bo apprecia
ted in the mountains) for our dinners.
The hottest part of tho afternoon
found me eagerly engaged in the highly
exciting sport of catching grasshoppers
with poor success, they fly so far, and
always start off just as one is ready to
break their back with a stick, and at the
Lower Soda regions they are remarkably
scarce. I succeeded however in captur
ing the remains of one, after chasing him
to Canyou Creek and baok by a circuitous
route, but was so exasperated at his ob
stinacy that when I did hit him, I com
pletely demolished his upper works, and
left him with bare poles, and his fore and
aft ricrcrins all cone, and demoralized to
an unlimited extent. I waded dowu stream j the Lower Soda, follows up
I of gin come from ou.d to God more
i men like Holladay would go to Oregou
: and "just half a one" come to Idaho.
: We might have a chance for a railroad,
j Mr. Holladay honors the city of Portland
there. His house is always
open to gentlemen of all political parties,
tute of vegetation, and covered with j and they find in him a whole soulded,
charred remains of once "monarchs of I pleasant host. The democrats had better
the forest," some still standing looking make a contract with him to take charge
grim and gh:-..-. iv i,:.iiist the brassy sky, I of the state government during their
others h ivi . be a blown dowu by vio- i administration, as he would run it with
leut wiuus or prostrated by their owu j one of his clerks in the interest of
weight are lying on the uneveu surface of i progress and the people better than
j the ground in endless and unsightly ; Grover and the entire party will. He and
j confusiou. j their party, as compared to the state,
We passed the -Jiepnaut Iioek. to
day, a huge mountaiu of adamant com
ing close down to tho edge of the waters
' of the creek, an obstacle in the way of
I the road which took hard work and cou
! eiderable amount of biastiug to surmount.
I The road running between its base and the
creek over a portion of the rock itself, is
uncomfbratably rough, and bad for bare
footed horses. The road from this point
! to the Upper Soda, distant 12 miles from
over holders, climbed along the bank
through thick vine maple, stumbled over
logs, crept in under the bank and fished
for half a mile down stream, only to find
myself the victim of misplaced confidence.
Didn't catch a trout, and had only one
nibble, was disgusted and climbed up the
steep bank only to find myself entangled
in a net work of vine maple too outra
geous to attempt to explain ; thought I
would hire Findley's boy to swear forme,
but finally became convinced that he
would be unequal to the emergency, aud
concluded to-get home if I coula, if not,
to content myself, and take a "lean" on
brush for the night. Finally made my
way home with "fisherman's luck," and
went to bed without my supper.
The "Lower Soda Springs," ai they
arc called, are distant from the toll-gate
some 13 miles, and are undoubtedly tho
fiuest yet discovered on the ; road. The
proprietor, Mr. t'indley, purchased tbo
claim on which they are located at a total
cost of $2300, and still I believe has
got no title, either from the Government
or the Wagon Road Company. It seems
like a good round sum to pay for a ranch
in the wilds ot tho Cascade mountains,
situated on a road that can be traveled
only about 5 or 6 months in tho year, and
so far away from "home and friends."
still the owner is well pleased with the
purcnase, and says the sum paid is worth
twice the amount on account of the ex
cellent health of himself and'family ; and
he stated to me that he had more than
paid the cost of the ranch in doctors bills
while living in the valley, but now that
large item of expense no longer existed,
and he says he values health more than
! of the Santiam, ciossmg the stream
i seven times between tho two points.
! There are, however, two places of note
passed to-day, of which I will speak
to a steamboat captain : Have you a
watch, chain, diamond pin, riug, sleeve
buttons, fast horse, buguy, cte ? enquired
the captain. Yes. Well, 1'il i;ike yon,
! then, for you won't have t mue them
i out of me. So with Holladay ; he has
! all these trinkets. The democratic pnrty
in Oregon has not, as the people will find
out to their cost. If the democrats dou't
stop making such a fuss over this busi
ness man, thus showing what a power he
is in the commonwealth, the people of
the other states will learn to cSiL the
state of Oregon "Ilolladaysburg.
Ilenschers on Canyon Creek ; aud Keith's
ou Vine Maple Bottom, where at both
places the eutcrprising proprietors have
provided ample entertainment for man
in tho shape of 40-rod whisky, and oats
for horses. At the last mentioned place,
we found our old friend Col. Morgan.
He says ho is enjoying himself hugely,
is happy in his virtue, and has good
health, what more need anyone want to
complete happiness. The Col. is an ec
centric genius, aud a clever, good old
Our old white pack horse is a very at
tentive animal, and a faithful servant;
so very attentive in fact that for fear his
driver might say whoa, and he not hear
him, he sometimes stops to take a nap
on the road, entirely ignoring the pres
ence of the swarms of voracious horse
flics who threaten to devour him. A
gentle reminder however, convinces him
that it is not camping time, and he jogs
along with good natured humility, just
the chap for a mountain trip, and the
company certainly feel grateful to the
owner, our artistic friend in hair and mud,
Mr. Barry, for his invaluable services.
To be continued.
A press of other and prubab'y more
interesting matter, to the general reader,
prevents our writing a heavy leader this
Greenbacks are quoted at 87 i cents,
A Montana editor gets off this: A
party of ladies and gentlemen of Helena
have gone down, iu a chartered stage, to
visit the Great Falls of the Missouri.
We hope they will have a more pleasant
time than wc did on the same trip, two
years ago this summer, when, single
handed and alone wo "stood off' a war
party of 50 Blacklect. We put them
all to flight trying to overtake us.
The Montana papers say that as a hap
py result of Col. Bazer's Peigan cam
paign, that Territory has never since its
first settlement enjoyed so long immuni
ty from Indian outrages.
DeLncy, one of the Northern Pacific
railway organizers, reports that the route
from Montana down to Salmon river to
Lewiston is totally impracticable.
There is a larger yield of wheat in
Walla Walla valley than in any previous
Idaho City is said to have dwindled
away till it is but a shadow of its former
Govcror McCook of Colorado, is going
to visit North and Middle Parks, and the
White River Indian Agency in that
Teiritory, escorted by a military guard.
W. II. Hanna, a prominent lawyer at
Bloomington', Illinois, was struck by
lightning on Saturday, while in bed. and
killed. His wife was stunned by' the
and pursued to tho glacis of detached
works, near the fortress, where the eucniy
sheltered their wounded.
Berlin, Aug. 10. Following has
been made public :
Our advaucc, finding themselves near
Metz and believing the enemy 'about to
retreat, attacked the rear guard of Ba
zain's corps. A violent conflict ensued.
Our second brigade, under Osterhaus,
advanced, and immediately the divisions
of Generals Kerchbach and Wrangle
participated, driving the enemy at all
London, Aug. 16. Reports from
Verdun say that a great battle has been
fought, but the silence of the French,
authorities is construed to mean that the
Prussians are again victorious.
The Tribune's cable says the French
1 ss in Sunday's battle was 10,000 killed
and wounded, and 7,000 prisoners. The
Prussian loss, ,o00.
New York, Aug. 17. Specials from
London say we have 110 accounts of a
French victory at Moselle except the
Emperor's official dispatch.
There are rumors to-night that the
Prussians suffered a most disastrous de
feat, with an enormous loss of men, aud
have been driven back tothcrivei. This
news does not come from the French
Government, which manifests singular
indiference of public opinion. In conse
quence of the military character imposed
upon it by its head, Count Palikao, dis
turbances in Paris have not been reuewed.
Paris, Aug. 17. Official: The
Minister of War has received news from
the army, whieh continues to carry ui'
the movement of combination. After
the combat, of Sunday night, two divi; -10ns
of the Prussian army sought to in
terrupt our inarch, but were repulsed.
The Emperor is at Chalons, where, a
large force is being organized.
London, Aug. 17. The main body
of the French army is concentrated at
Elanf, about 12 miles cast of Verdun,
and76 kilometres from Chalons. The
trojf'ps now iu Algeria are not to be
New York, Aug. 17. Ingallorn
tekgiaphs to the French paper here that
the battles of Sunday and Monday were
botli lought between Metz and crd.viD '
and that the attacks did not ch.c-ck the
retreat; ou the cantrary the Prussians
sustained so severe a reverse that they
were compelled to halt in their victorious
inarch from the Moselle. This check
will enable Gen. Trochu to reorgauizo
the army at Chalons, which already
numbers two hundred thousand men. He
also complains that the Paris authorities
do not confirm all this news.
Paris, Aug. 17. Following, under
date of Metz, August 17th, has been re
ceived : We had a severe engagement
yesterday, six miles southwest of Metz.
We gained the advantage but lost heavily.
Paris, Aug. 17. It is rumored that
General Labueuf is imprisoned.
London, Aug. 17 The Heralds
cable says the Freuch army of the Rhine
has met with a coup dc grace near Metz,
and is now in disastrous retreat towards
Verdun, in a shattered condition, the
soldiers individually being desperate.
The Emperor is believed to be in actual
command of the army.
The Baden troops fired a railroad train
The Tribune's cable says that 10,000
French wounded are at Campion, and
the camp presents a scene of riot, disor
der and dissipation.
Reports of disturbances in Paris have
unsettled the Garde Mobile, one-half of
whom would break away and return in
case of revolution.
falsehood and concealment m recent
telegrams. While Palikao was assuring
the Corps Legislatif that Bazaine was
pursuing his route to Verdun, the
Prussians were attacking his flank, and
one portion of Bazaine's army has been
forced to abandon the route, and were
again in Metz. Prince Charles is believed
to be advancing on Chalons.
London, Aug. 18. A junction of
Bazaine's and McMahon's corps i ex
pected near Chalons, where the French
will make a stand. Thiers advised the
Corps Legislatif that the surrounding
population be coiiipelled to bring their
cattle into Paris, and that the entire sub
urbs of Paris be laid in waste.
Hamilton, Aug. 16. Chas. A.
Lake, Judge of the Uth Judicial District
Court, died at Pioche City on Friday
PURELY LIFE INSURANCE 0.
IN THE UNITED STATES
Governed by the- Massachusetts Lapsa
No person, after carefully examining thin Lair, .
will forego the advantage of insuring iu tbis Com
pany. New England Mutual:
Life In"::? pa?c- Company
It vv-s charters! i:J 1S."5, a Us euTiiiMo liia
t..ry. during twwity-gis ycr8' active operatic ,
has thoroughly establi-,Da jU reliability..
t ttccora Stands as Follows t
Cash assets, January, 1870.,
Cash Dividend, S66
Cash Dividend of 18C7.....V.".'
Cash Dividend., 1868 .""
Cash Dividend, 1869 "..."."..!
Total surplus dividend .'..
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I",","..,- --!-. oi iso. a poney of life insu
rance for the Iwacut of a Married Woman or any
pei ton or j-,eron peeifie,l, goes to them independ
enuy tno Debta aIld Liabilities of the party who
efTocts the Policy.
Dividends of this Company are paid
Annually to the Assured, in Cash.
Tho NEW EXGLAXD is the only Massachu
setts Company doing business on tho Pacific
Coast, and therefore the only Company governed '
by the equitable Massachusetts Lapse Law.
Examples showing: tho Workings of this
PLAN ORDIXARY LIFE.
For example : A party cusuri& at t'ac ae of
thirty-five. Premiums all CnvU.
One Anuuul Premium 3will contiuuo policy iu
force '4 years and 3 days.
Example: Premiums all Cash Age, 35 ; Plan,
Ton-Year Endowment, payable at the age of 45.
One Annual Premium will continue policy in force
as a Terra Policy, 7 years.
If you wih to make it absolutely certain that
not a dollar of the c:fnpy you invest will ever be
forfeited Insure in tbo New Kngland.
If y-.,u wish to -.t your dividends with tho
scc r.'i aiiEV.iil r.ayuii-st, nnuually increasing
on tlit! tur-tril unci; r-I.iR, t'.iatU to get just what
is your: no i..i.rc au-:l n 1 ss, and juet when it
is due Insure in lhe New England.
NO STOCKHOLDERS IN THIS CO.
Its business in Linn county in the last
year and a half, exceeds that of all other
EVERSON & TUIDDLEMISS;
GENERAL AGENTS, : : SAN FRAiCCISCOy.
S. M. HOUREOQC,
Front-st., Portland, Agent for Oregon and
JAMES ELK INS,
A;at for Afbnry,