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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
can ambassador in London, who sent
a most urgent message, to the presi
dent, and on May 3, 1917, the first
definite information was received of1
the department's intention to. send
more than six destroyers, and that
ultimately 38 and two repair ships
would be sent.
Too great a desire to protect th
coast of the United States at the im
minent risk of losing the war was
I manifested by the navy department.
the latter declared.
"The department was repeatedly
assured that the allies at all times
I had remarkably accurate information
I as to the movements of submarines,"
Admiral Sims said, "and that it was
1 practically certain that they could not
reach our coast or ven leave ro
nFl AYHFl n IINNFP.FARY Pean waters without fdvtncc inforrat
UE1L.MI ntLU UmYnOtiOoAn I ilion being supplied,' the letter said
, . Campaign 1-onR A Kit ted.
Subsequent events proved this as-
Naval Operations in - War
Face Wider Inquiry.
Admiral's Letter. Cites Order "That
V. S. Would Just as goon Fight
British as Germans."
WASHI.N'CSTOX. Jan. IT. Investiga
tion by a senate sub-committee of
awards of naval war decorations took
a new angle today when Itear-Ad-
surance to be correct. No eubmarines
visited our coast until May, 1918. and
the department ae in all cases inr
formed when they started across ana
often as to their exact destination
"I tried to induce the department to
view the oamnaien as a whole: to
consider our naval forces as one rel3
tivelv small item of an allied naval
team'i: that our mission, was the pro-
tw-Hnn of all allied lines of commu
nication and not the United States line
of communication alone
Knticing of lierman submarine to
miral William S. Kims, the only wit- the coaEtfaof tne Unitd States would
ness heard so far. laid before the , have been Kreat)y to the advantage of
committee a long letter entitled cer
tain naval lessons of the great war,
written by him to Secretary Daniels,
arraigning many aspects of the navy
department's conduct of the war.
Lack of full co-operation with the
commander of the American naval
forces overseas, the post filled by
Admiral Sims throughout the war, was
the general criticism made, but the
letter contained also a statement that
just before he left for London", Ad
miral Sims was told "not to let the
British pull the wool over your eyes"
and "that the United States would as
soon fight the British as the Ger
mans." Who issued these orders was not
brought out but Admiral Minis said
afterwards the statement had been
made to him by "a high official."
Wider Inquiry i lie Ankrdi
Introduction of the letter prompted
Chairman Hale, republican, Maine, to
announce that be would ask the full
naval committee Monday to authorize
his sib-comtnittee to make a wider
Inquiry or to appoint another sub
committee to investigate the conduct
f the war by the navy department.
In a statement relative to Admiral
Sims' letter. Secretary Daniels said
he had referred it to the general
board "with directions to give consid
eration to it and to all other com
munications directed to the depart
ment concerning the lessons of the
The letter declares tliaj important
aji a guide in future wars that "a
Just estimate be made of the errors
of policy, tactics, strategy and admin
istration that were committed by our
navy" and adds that it is for that
purpose that "the most serious of
these errors" are summarized. Then
follows the recital of the- officers as
signed to London "on barely 4S hours'
notice" in MariJ). 1117, and this state
ment regarding his instructions:
Letter t onlninn 7MHI urilx.
"Brief orders were delivered to me
vrrbally in Washington. No formal
dnstructipns or statements of the navy
department's plan or policy were re
ceived at that time, though I received i
the following explicit admonition:
" 'Don't let the British pull the wool
over your eyes. It is none of our
business pulling their chestnuts out
of the fire. We would as soon fight
the British as the Germans.'
The letter contained more than 7U00
words and was written January 7.
It reviewed Admiral Sims' experi-
ences and said that at the time he left
for Europe he had no idea that he
was to command American naval
forces abroad in event of war, then
.As soon as he arrived in London,
the letter said; Admiral Sims realized
that tne navy department did not
comprehend the seroiusness of the
submarine menace, due to ;the insuf
ficient scope of the American intelli
Enrnir Success Recalled.
"A review of the cables sent to the
navy department in April. 1917," the
letter said, "shows that the situation
was very serious and that the enemy
was rapidly winning the war by de-
attruction of nierchant shipping.
Throughout the following year nu
merous cables and letters ofethe most
urgent possible character were sent
with the objetc of impressing on the
department the vital necessity of our
maximum effort being exerted in Ku
ropean waters, with the least possi
ble delay, but without producing the
The navy department was repeat
edly told, the lettpr said, that it was
a matter of simple arit hmetical cal
culalion to determine that the allies
must lose the war if ther ate of ship
"For come reason, -which has never
been explained," Admiral Sims wrote
"the navy department during at least
the first six months of the wr, failed
to put into actual practice a whole
hearted policy of co-operation with
the allies a policy required for win
sning the war with the least possible
Co.opcrattun Long; Delayed
The letter charged that not until
July. 1917, did the navy departmen
outline a policy of naval co-operation
with the allies.
As usual In such cases,' it con
tinued, "the policy was academically
eound, but that was not carried ou
nor was understood by the depart
ment is shown by the fact that for
ten months after its receipt, it was
as urgently recommending an increase
of forces sou trying to convince the
department that the war was in the
east Atlantic, that the United States
naval "front" was off the European
coast and not off the United States
Admiral Sims' letter declared that
he was much embarrassed in his rela
tions with other allied commanders
.by reason of -the l'ct that although
after, an allied naval conference it
was recommended on July 21. 1917,
that four coal-burning American bat
tleships be sent to guard the English
channel against Germ nacruiser raids,
there was long delay before the re
quest was even acknowledged and
finally it was refused.
Battleships Finally Arrive.
In the following November, the
letter said, the crief of naval opera
tions arrived in Europe with Colonel
House's mission, and immediately
thereafter cabled instructions to send
the battleships. Two to six months
could have been saved, Admiral Sims
declared, if he could have appeared in
' person daily in Washington, as little
attention was paid to his cabled rec
ommendations. "The recommendations of the navy
department's representative based
upon conferences with the allied com
manders, should have been accepted
and immediately acted upon," the
letter said, and characterized the
navy department's policy in this re
spect as a violation of the funda
mental principles of .warfare which
continued throughout the war.
Admiral Sims declared that failure
to heed his early plea that destroyers
and light craft be hurried and to as
sign him any staff officers except the,
aide who. accompanied him abroad,
was continued for four months, caused
him serious difficulty.
Slight Informatiou Revelers'.
The only information received up
to April 27, 1917, was that six' de
stroyers would be sent. Admiral Sims
said. "The situation was then so very
critical that I appealed to the Ameri-
DEMOCRATIC LEADER ' . , . . - . - i
i " .i
CI I .
H. S. Cummings Says Group
Interest Will Be Disregarded.
PEACE TREATY INDORSED
the allied cause, even though Amen
can shipping suffered more heavily
thcrchv Admiral Sims said be told
tv riena.rt.ment. urging that every
vessel capable of steaming across the
ocean be sent to the war zone. Risk
nf nnhlic condemnation of such a
course, based on inaccurate informa
tinn anrt fear, rn-ould have been a
negligible factor, the latter declared
Sim Sot Abut to Cbooee Aides.
"At no time during the war was 1
permitted to select my subordinate
flair commanders and but very few
of mv subordinates."
When the house "naval committee
asked for complaints he had made, j
Admiral Sims said he received a
cablegram from Admiral Benson,
chief of operations, tejling him that
a "strong positive statement" was
highly desirable. Knowing that his
reply must become public informa
tion and that any criticism therein
would give aid and encouragement to
the enemy. Admiral Sims aaid he
framed an answer on the basis that
those at the front must take what
those at home send.'
Recapitulating his criticisms. Ad
miral Sims said. ."Admirad Mahan had
described interference with the com
mander in the field or afloat as "one
of the most common temptations to
the government.' "
"The navy department," he added,
"did not resist this temptation and
its frequent violation of this prin
ciple was the most dangerous errtr
committed during the war."
SIMS' STORY STARTLES
(Continued From First Pafre.)
letter which he wrote to Secretary
Daniels charging the department
with having bungled and blundered
from some time before the war began
until more than a year after, with the
result, as he contended, that the
American navy nevey gave efficient
co-operation to the allies.
Letter la Startling.
The letter, containing numerous
strong indictments of the navy de
partment, is one that Secretary Dan
els mentioned in a public statement
some time ago, saying he received a
letter, but stopped reading it when he
found it contained nothing but crlti
cism. This letter was made public
for the first time today when Admiral
Sims, by the aid of the majority of
the committee, was permiUfd to
The audience was aghast when he
read that about the only orders he
had when he departed for Europe in
March, 1917, just shortly before the
United States entered the war, was
Don't let the British pull the wool
over your eyes. It is none of our
business pulling their chestnuts out
of the fire. We would 'as soon fight
the British as the Germans."
The revelation that the American
navy department at that late day
had no clearer conception as to what
nation was slowly pulling this coun
try into war, appeared to startle the
committee and. the audience, which
was always expecting something, got
the shocks with such force that there
was a distinct shuffling of feet.
coupled with laughter and whispered
expressions of amazement. '
Messaa-e. Causes l.augb.
But the best laugh came when Ad
miral Sims read his cable message re
ceived under date of December 22,
1917, from Admiral Benson, chief of
the bureau of naval operations, saying:
"Effort being made to create im
pression you have been hampered by
failure of navy, department to meet
your request for various things, par
ticularly personnel. 1 feel .that a
strong positive statement from you on
the' matter is highly desirable.
This struck everyone as especially
funny, coming after the admiral had
detailed all of the many representa
tions, or "positive statements" that
he had made to the department over
a period of months in the hope of ob
taining better support. The thought
that it was necessary to request
"strong statement" from Admiral Sims
at any time was doubly amusing.
Senator Pittman snowed deep feel
ing when this letter was read, but
before he could protest at le.igth
against its admissionT on the grounds
that it was outside the field of the
investigation. Senator Hale said the
full naval committee would be called
upon to express itself relative to
complete investigation or the navy
department's conduct of the war. This
will be brought up Monday.
National Chairman Declares Racial
Objections Are Mere Noise
In Hie Opinion.
NEW YORK. Jan. "l7. The, demo
cratic party will conduct its nresi-
dential campaign without regard to
group interests. Homer S. Cummings,
chairman of the democratic national
committee, declared today. Mr. Cum
mings. here to attend a meeting of
the committee on arrangements for
the San Francisco convention. so
stated when asked whether the party
intended to undertake any propar
ganda to overcome the reported de
fection of certain Irish and other ele
ments opposed to ratification of the
peace treaty in Its present form.
"We are going to consider the treaty
and - other Issues as Americans," he
said. "I am opposed , to considering
this question in any other way. Per
sonally, I believe racial objections
to the peace treaty are more noise
than anything else."
Mr. Cummings pointed to the fact
that the national committee had in
dorsed the peace treaty as submitted
by the president and was standing
pat on that issue. Those who believed
that the treaty was inimical to the
political aspirations of the Irish peo
ple were, wrong, he said.
Chairman Cummings then announced
that so many mis-statements had been
made as to the democratic campaign
for funds that he would issue a
formal statement soon.
The only business transacted by the
committee on arrangements was up.
pointment of six sub-committees to
handle various phases of the con
vention plans. No other meeting of
the full committee is expected until
about June 1.
Women were represented on the
.committee of arrangements today for
the first time, according to party
leaders by Mrs. George Bass of Chi
cago, chairman of the women's bu
reau of the national committee, and
Mies Mary 11 t'oy of lays Angeles.
The comimttee agreed to prcvide
hotel room free of charge to mem
bers of the national committee and
associate members while at the con
vention, but they will be required
to pay for their meals and railroad
Robert H. Elder of Idaho, is named
a member of the sub-committee on
hotels and entertainment and J.
Bruce Kremer, Mont., a member of
two sub-comniittees on tickets and
badges and personnel.
Double - Service Combination Range
Installed in Yvur Kltckcs, iBcladin- Hot-WMrr Coils and Gas Connected,
POST OFFICERS SEATED
Urand Army Vclcruns Hold Iti-slaN
lalion at Corvallis.
COUVALLIS. Or., Jan. 17. (Spe
cal.) Ellsworth post No. 19 and the
Woman's Relief corps held their joint
installation in the Oddfellows hall
this afternoon. Thirty persons came
over from Albany to hlep celebrate
the occasion, among them. Comrade
E. P. Sox, past commander of Mc
pherson pout, who acted as installing
officer for the O. A. R.
After a banquet and the installation
ceremonies. Comrades Sox, Walker
and Small of Albany and Newton and
Baker of Corvallis, were called upon
for short talks. The women were
represented in after dinner oratory
by Mrs. Jennie Curry, Mrs. Nellie
Ferry and Mrs.. Jennie Small ot Al
bany, and Mrs. Mary E. Watts and
Mrs.- Lizzie Axtell of Corvallis.
Raisin Liquor. Brings l'jne.
CORVALLIS, Or., Jan. 17. (Spe
cial.) Norman Wyatt was fined $50
in Judge Grugitt's court today on
charge of having intoxicating liquor
in his possession. The liquor was
neciarea to De oi tne raisin variety
and had developed a "kick in its pos
sessor that was the real thing. A fine
of $50 is now the established cost of
first oifense cases In Corvallis.
S. A H. Green stamps for cash.
Holroan. Fuel Co. Main 353. tfiO-21.
BARRELS AND KEGS. 344 Haw
thorne. Western Cooperage Co. Adv.
JUNK COLLECTOR JAILED
North Ucud Ke&Jdcnt Held for Men
la I Examination.
NORTH BEND, Or., Jan. 17. Spe
ial.) Possessed of an uncontrollable
mania for collecting old articles from
garbage piles about the city, beltev
ing them to be of great value. Sam
Miller, :i years of age, was lodged in
the city jail here pending a mental
examination. Miller who was for
merly engaged in the junk business
n Oklahoma, came here a short time
ago and rented a small cabin near
the business district.
His mania for discarded articles
from junk heaps caused him to work
long hours daily collecting quantities
of old tin cans, bottles, barrels, and
other worthless articles, which he
piled around his cabin until the ac
cumulation became a veritable barri
Before Paris became the mistress
of modes, Milan gave the fashion to
tne world; hence the word milliner.
Though Very Common It Is a Serious
ljisease Worse at This Season.
It is an Inflammation of the mucous
membrane, causing a discharge, and
is aggravated by colds and - sudden
changes of weather, but depends on
an impure " condition of the blood.
When chronic It may develop into
consumption By breaking down the
delicate lung tissues and impairing
the general health.
Begin treatnjent with Hood's Sar
saparilla at once. This medicine
purifies the. blood, removes the cause
of the disease, ana gives permanent
relief. It has been entirely satisfac
tory to three generations.
If a cathartic is needed take Hood's
Pills -they are gentle and thorough,
enliven the liver, rtg ulate the bewels.
DO you know that
there are many
ways in which
can 'be made into de
lightful salads and rel
ishes? :- We are going1 to tell you of
some of them. Watch for our
advertisements on Fridays and
0 "Red Rock" is delicious just
as it is; it is more than that
it is healthful, appetizing and
; '. Order some "Red
$20 CASH S WEEK-KO INTEREST.
J THIS VKSTA nOlBI.K-SKRVIfT-; COMBINATION IS TWO SEPARATE
AKD.niSTlXCT RAKiiES Blllf TOUEl'HER IPOK ONE BASE.
-Four-hole wood and coal top.
-Four-burner gas top.
-1S1 8-inch wood and coal oven.
-I$il6-inch gas oven.
-Broiler underneath gas oven.
-Gas fire lighter connected.
-All polished top.
-White enamel splashers.
-White enamel oven doors.
-Plain nickel trimmings.
-Nickel front leg base.
Use Both Ovens and
at the Same Time .
if You Like
Body is built entirely of heavy
cast; wood and coal oven is also'
of cast. Gas oven and canopy
over gas burners are of polished
Tour old store or range will
be accepted as part payment. In
fact the Kxdiange Department is
a pleasing convenience at ail
times. Discarded chairs, rockers,
tables, beds and rugs are taken
as part on any home furnishings
3 Harmonious Rooms Full
$25 Cash $4 Week' No Interest
Table has quarter-sawed top. book
racks and underneath shelf exactly as
Illustrated. Round-armed Rocker and
Opera (rolled) Seat Kocker are also as
shown. Arm Chair has been replaced
bv an attractive Wicker Rocker that
fits well with the other pieces.
43-incli-top Table that extends to six
feet, frix sturdily built Solid Oak Chairs
that have three-slat backs instead of
two. as illustra4ed. They're in the
Fifth-street window today. See them
when you're, downtown.
Tou can have either white or Ivory
enamel. All pieces are identical with
illustration. For your examination
this sirite. also, has been arranced in
the Fifth-street window. If you don't
need it entire select any piece or
Wood Heaters Reduced
Terms $3 Cash $1 Week No Interest
I . - .
TIIR 0K I I.I.I S
TRATKU AT t OI H
KIGHT PHKEU AT
TH K ONE II.I.IK
TH41KII AT Ollt
U5P1' PKICEU AT
Both are identical with illustration, except the one at vour left, which has
J0 MICA UI.AKS J THE KHOT DUMB. Bodies of betli are fwlished blue
steel, tops and bottoms are heavy cast, top urns and side-foot rails are nickel.
If it's a medium-sized heater of durable qualitv, at low cost, you've been
looking for, your want will be fulfilled this week.
Goal Heaters at $13.90 and $16.40
-An even, healthful tempera
ture in your home will be
Installed On Easy
1 1 1 gPFlitw:lmit';:irffrqnw
I if' yg-Sssciaj I
TIIEHE IS A OPI.K.NUIU ASOKIME.T OF
9x12 Axminster Rugs
AWAITIXi lOl AT HOWARDS FOR
$49Jo and $52 a
$6 Cash$1 Week No Interest
Twelve patterns to select from in color combinations of nearly every
kind in floral Oriental, conventional, medallion and all-over designs.
XO these rugs are not on "special" sale. These are the exact prices
Kdwards anticipated selling them for when they were ordered from the
BITT thev cannot be replaced at the same figure. When these are gone
the price will be none. too. Kdwards has as many as six of some pat
tern but they will melt away quickly. It behooves you to select early
to get choice of all the patterns.
Will Brlns; Joy to K v
Home Every llir of
Week All the War Round
And II lloulilr.Kiml IO-lnrk
KecorilK i-i ."-Irctiua I
I5 CASH. WKKK, NO
WHICH WILL, YOIT II A V H
WAX HO OIK.
MA HOCi ANY t
AI.T artists. ALL. instru
mental selections, ALL- solo
ists, ALL. orchestras. ALL
bands, ALL dance records.
ALL the popular songs of
the day. in a word, ALL the
music of the world, without
restriction, will be at your
command If you a a v e tne
e r y V-w-j
una. y '
mm in r.
yywnuT. 1 1 , i psj'ss 'si
i Identical Wits Illustration
nCAlTIKtL HKOVVIt BIHCII
Mahogany Bed Davenport
Priced Special for Vour Consideration at
$10 Cash' $2 Week, No Interest
A RgAL FLLL-SIZli BED, too! Four feet four
inches wide and ix feet two inches long. pol
ished link spring is braced at F.AGH KNP (not at
the side: rolling together is impossible. There
are rows of coil springs, loo, where the weight of
your body will lie.
Rest and back are upholstered with genuine
Craftsman covering const rucl ion is entirely inde
pendent from bed). When closed, you would not
know there was a bed concealed in this MO.NARt'll
JBELKCT OXK SI.XGI.K PIKCE OR. A IIOI SBFIL
a aaoB sL-oiTyT,c i-m
tt mUXm J ii
JLST TWO BLOCKS ORTH OF WASHINGTON.
YesS They're Guaranteed Not to Lump or Shift Try One tor DO Mrs to.
SLEEPWELL MATTRESSES Are Unusually Good Values at
$25 and 331
Delivered to Vov oa the Conveaieat
$5 Cash, $1 Week, No
Built according to Oregon's sani
tary bedding law; contain 50
poirnds of felled cotton, built up iu
layer?, like so many comfort, in
side of good Quality flower-strewn
FlHTHHHi Slecpwell Mattresses
contain a liberal portion of long
fiber cotton in the boxing and tne
rolled cdKcs. which helps wonder
fully in retaining shape.
I ' ; j!
Yoil Tried Physical and Mental Methods
Cases I Want
Phone Broadway 4255
Beck Building 412-13-14. Broadway and Oak-
For more than 30 years we have made
Shirts to Order
in Portland giving satisfaction in Fit, Quality and
JACOBS SHIRT CO.
Raleigh BIdg., 327 Washington St., Cor. Sixth
Wbr Is the Woodstock becoming
so popular Because it Is a com
bination of the best features of six
modern typewriters. Booklet free.
The RebuiltTypewriter Co.
B04 OaJi St, Portland, Or.
I will irladty end any Rheumatism suf
ferer a simple Herb Recipe Absolutely Free
that Completely Cured me of a terrible at
tack of iuutcui4ftr anci inflammatory nneu
Kuatism of long standing after evrrytliinjc
Je F rll hai tailed, me. I have fivtn it
to many sufferers mho believed their cases
hopeless, yet they fvtuid relief from t heir
ufferinr bv taking these simple herb.
You are most welcome to tht Hvb Recipe
if vnu will Keiid for it at once. 1 bclie
I you will consider it a iiod -end ater you
I have put it to the test. There In nothing
injurious contained in it. and you can nee
for yourself exactly what you aro latins.
I will g'adly fend this Recipe abaoiuieiy
ifree to a ay sufferer.
U. U. MTTON, Maxnolia Ae
lAf Angeiea, luiiiorni.
HEAVY DUTY TRUCKS
Worm Driven 1, 2, 2Vi, Zz and 5 Tons.
. Chain Driven 5, 4, IVz Tons.
STERLING MOTOR TRUCK CO.
Builders exclusively of heavy duty trucks for 12 years
Koehring Machine Co., N.W.
254 Hawthorne Ave