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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
TIIE SUXDAY OREGONIAX, TOTITLAND,
3IARCIT 0. 11)19.
T. - 1
House Committee Due in Port
land March 15..
, SECRETARY BAKER COMING
Chrome Producers in liastorn Ore
gon to Be Compensated for Loss
es Sustained Through War.
ORKGOXIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, E. C, March 8. A party of
members of congress, most of them
members of the house committee on
naval affairs, several of them accom
panied by wives, daughters or other
relatives, left at 6 o'clock this evening
on a transcontinental trip.
The first point touched will be fian
J'iego, f'al.. and from there the party
will travel to Portland spending several
lays alone the way inspecting naval
and military activities along the coast.
Portland will be reached on -March 25
and three days will be spent there and
at Astoria. Representative McArthur,
who is a member of the committee, was
finable" to accompany the party because"
of Mrs. McArthur's illness.
The party includes Representatives
Padgett of Tennessee, committee chair
man; Oliver of Alabama and his two
nieces, Hick? of New York and his
irister, Mrs. Thayer Hinsan of Georgia;
Kritten of Illinois, his mother, Mrs.
Keach, and sister Miss Elizabeth Brit
ten; Riordan of New York, Mrs. Riodan
and daughter; Browning of New Jersey
and Mrs. Browning, Kelly of Michigan
and Mrs. TCelley, J,ea of California and
Mrs. Lea, Klston of California and Mrs.
Secretary of War Baker declined this
afternoon to change his itinerary on
his trip to the Pacific coast to satisfy
some of the towns on the north trans
continental route which desired him to
come there first? He will reach Tort
land at 3:30 Friday afternoon, March
14. Tie will depart that night at 11
o'clock for Camp Lewis. The secretary
will be accompanied by the chief of
staff. General Peyton C. March, and
li Is aide. Major Swing.
Chrome producers in the John ray
country of eastern Oregon who in
creased the production of that mineral
in response to the government's war
demand arc to receive questionnaires
soon under the mineral relief bill
passed by congress. The purpose of
these questionnaires will be to estab
lish the extent of losses by the sud
den ending of the war in order that
they may be compensated. Former
.Senator Shafroth of Colorado and
former Representative Foster of Illi
nois have been appointed on a commis
sion to adjust these losses.
, The interstate commerce commission
held today that increased rates on
fresh fruits and vegetables from .points
in Oregon, Washington and Idaho and
on fish from points in Oregon and
Washington were justified.
The complaint was brought by the
public service commission of Oregon
and the public utilities commission of
WHITMAN OPENS CAMPAIGN
T'unds to Be Obtained for Erection of
Kour New Buildings.
WHITMAN COLLEGE, Walla Walla,
Wash., March 8. (Special.) Whitman
college has started its big drive for
funds to erect tour new buildings. The
campaign will embrace the entire
northwest. It comes in response to a
direct appeal by the government for
the building up of American colleges
and universities -to expand the pro
gramme of college education. At
present Whitman i handling its ca
pacity of students and the faculty and
directors believe that the coming year
should see the enrollment doubled.
The plans include the erection of a
library, a men's dormitory, a women's
dormitory, and a central heating plant.
The Whitman Alumni association is
planning to build a $25,000 mansion for
the president, and to remodel the
president's home into a community
house for both alumni and. students.
WALLACE RESIDENT BURIED
Funeral of George K. Giltnore in
Charge of Elks and Eagles.
WALLACE, Idaho. March 8. (Spe
cial.) All city and county offices and
all business houses in Wallace closed
from 1 o'clock till 3 Wednesday after
noon in, respect to the memory of
George K. Gilmore, prominent business
man of this city, whose death occurred
on March 4. . The funeral was held
under the direction of the Elks" and
the Eagles' lodges.
Mr. Gilmore had been a resident of
Wallace for 13 years. Fof six years
lie was a member of the city council.
At the time of his death he was super
intendent of the County infirmary
near this city. His death was caused
by influenza and pneumonia.
CHINA OPPOSES DEMANDS
(Continued Krnm First Page. )
Great Britain. There is no question of
Japan taking it unaided, for it is to be
supposed that if Germany were not
tied down m Europe by the allied arm
ies she would not have failed to send re
inforcements . to .safeguard Kiaochow.
Demands Held Arbitrary.
What is China's claim respecting
Japans 21 demands?' 1 asked.
"We contend that they are ab
solutely contrary- to the prin
ciples of justice and equity. They
were formulated because of the
state of war and if refused were to be
effectuated by force. Premier Okuma
justified them by declaring that Japan
then had an opportunity that would
not come again -in a thousand years.
"We demand thb.t these agreements
shall be abrogated and revised, abro
gated where they unjustly affect
China's rights and revised where
we assent to their principles.
As for example, the opening of-Chinese
ports to foreign trade, a policy having
been advocated by China for 20 years.
"The Japanese demands were ar
' ranged in five groups and we were
. warned to respect them, but when
something became known abroad and
questions were asked, Japan gave an in
complete version to her allies, wholly
suppressing the group or five,' which
would have made China a mere vassal
- of Japan."
Husk to He Releaaed.
"Hut now they have consented to
hand over Kiaochow?"
"Tes. they jyopose to eat the oyster
and give us the shell. I hey propose
to return Kiaochow. the husk, the most
propose to return the Kerna, the most
valuable section of the peninsula ad
joining Tsintau, including the terminus
of the railroad which, with its
branches, dominates the whole peninsula
and takes in all Chinese railroads, serv
lnr the richest area of our country."
"I notice that the, first article of the
zi aemanas mat the Chinese govern
mcnt engage to give full assent to
matters upon which the Japanese gov
crnment may hereafter agree with the
German government, in relation to the
Shantung province. Doesn't this seem
to involve the hypothesis of a Oerman
"If the conference accepts Jarjan's
claims on the Shantung provision it
would only make the foundation of th
future war of justice. China is tena
cious. She has twice been overrun in
her 3000 years of recorded history by
aliens, but in the end the conqueror be
. ISxelualve Trade Feare.d.
"If the conferenif confirms China's
demands, then Japan will have an equal
opportunity with all the world in our
trade. If Japan succeeds it will become
the exclusive privilege of one Japan."
Does not Japan claim that her
greater proximity to China gives her a
special interest toward you?"
"That is a most dangerous and falla
"That is what Germany eaid about
Belgium. If by reason of. proximity
nations had special rights the world
would be warring all the time.
Make the proximity or the Tjntted
States with her hundred million people
to Canada, with her eight million popu-
ation. let on all their 4000-mile fron
tier there is not a single fort or war
ship except a few revenue cutters.
raited tatea Held Ideal.
'That is an ideal to which the world
'One word in conclusion. It is
against China that she did not come
nto the war. When Krupensky, the
Russian ambassador at Tokio, urged on
the foreign minister, Motono. the im
portance of China coming into the war.
Motono significantly replied:
Japan would have to consider the
full import of the possible moral awak
ening of a race of 400,000.000. But for
Japan, China would have been in the
COST OF L
FAMILY COST INCREASE VP :
TO 7 0 PER CENT.
Estimated Kisc of 20 Per Cent in
Cost of Shelter feincc 1911
Taken lom Iuc1i Data.'
NEW TORK. iuring the war . the
cost of living for wage-earners in the
United States increased 6S to 70 per
cent. This is the cstimato made pub
lic by the national industrial confer
ence board, based on figures compiled
in representative industrial communi
ties in this country. '
This report, which will be issued in
a complete form in a few weeks, sup
plemented a study made last year. The
avcRige increase in the cost of living
among different items making up the
usual household budget is. 65. 9 per cent.
The item that experienced the largest
jump was clothing, which went up 93
per cent. The various increases in cost
between July, 1914, and November, 1918,
among the separate items in the family
expenses were as follows:
. . 63
. . 53
Food 83!Fuel and lleht...
Shelter L'0 Sundries
For family budgets in which
proportion of expenditure alloted to the
separate items differed somewhat from
this table, as was the case in various
sections of the country, the indicated
increase was found to vary from 65 to
70 per cent. For families Just at or
below the minimum of subsistence
level, the national industrial confer
ence board reports, the increase was
probably nearer the higher figure.
Information secured from 112 retail
stores in 46 cities throughout the
country indicated that average- prices
of common articles of wearing apparel
had advanced since July, 1914, all the
way from 64 per cent in the case of
women's blouses to 185.7 per cent in
the case of men's overalls.
Men's and women's coats selling for
$10 in 1914 cost from $19 to $20 in No
vember, 1918, and suits retailing at
$15 in 1914 showed an increase of about
75 per cent. Prices of knit underwear
advanced nearly 130 per cent, while
hosiery was 90 per cent to 95 per cent
higher than in 1914. Men's shoes
quoted at $3.50 in 1914 were frequently
selling for $6 in November, 1918, and
women's $3 shoes brought about $5.75.
For food, figures collected by the
United States bureau of labor statis
tics were relied on entirely, since they
are representative and the most com
plete available, covering over 2000
stores in 45 cities. The advance of 83
per cent in the cost of food reported
by the United States bureau of labor
statistics is based on average prices for
the year 1913, which have been taken
as a satisfactory pre-war standard.
The greatest increases in the five
year interval from November, 1913, to
November. 1918. were in the prices of
lard, bacon, corn meal, flour, sugar and
pork chops, each of which advanced
100 per ' cent or more. No article of
food for which prices were collected
showed an increase of less than 50 per
cent for the five-year period.
Prices of coal secured from 80 deal
ers in 38 cities and from the United
States fuel administrators in 21 states,
indicated that the average prices of
anthracite when bought in ton lots for
household use had risen about 45 per
cent between July. 1914, and Novem
ber. 1918. The price of bituminous coal
for household use advanced somewhat
more and the range of increase was
wider: the indicated average increase
for the country as a whole was 60
The cost of gas and electricity
usually showed a smaller percentage of
increase than the cost of coal. In
many localities rates for gas and elec
tricity for domestic use had not
changed 'since 1914.
The estimated rise of 20 per cent in
the cost of shelter is derived from data
furnished by chambers of commerce,
real estate boards and brokers and
charitable and civic organizations in
nearly 100 cities. In New York and
Pittsburg the average advance was
somewhat less than 20 per cent. In
Detroit it was more. In Philadelphia,
Baltimore and Cleveland it was about
20 per cent. In Chicago, Boston and
St. Louis no appreciable change in
rents paid by wage-earners had oc
curred since 1914.
The opinion was general that in nor
mal communities no, decrease in rents
could be expected until there was a de-
FROM THE FIRST DOSE
Hood's Saraapartlla Beglna Ita Recon
First, it creates an appetite.
Second, it aids digestion.
Third, it perfects assimilation.
Fourth, it carries 100 per cent of the
nourishment in the food you eat into
the blood and the body, thereby enrich
ing and vitalizing your blood, which
in time renews your strength and
builds up again your reserve strength
This makes Hood's Sarsaparilla one of
the great remedies of the world. From
the first dose you are on a definite
road to improvement. It is of inesti
mable value just now to restore the
health and nerve force so greatly
exhausted by war excitement, the grip
and influenza epidemic and the chang
ing season. It is the riglrt medicine
for you this spring. Get a bottle today.
And If you need a mild, effective ca
thartic, get Hood's Pills. Adv.
( oring i our iLye I roubles to $ i
8 Experienced Men if 'You S
i. Our Ophthalmoscope and Retinoscope is one of the
most scientific eye-testing instruments in the world.
With it we can detect every error of vision instantly.
CJThat sound maxim, "Practice makes perfect," is partic-
ularly true in optical work.
(0 You want perfect eyeglass service, and the one way S
. you can always be sure of getting it is to entrust your eyes '
to a firm whose goods and methods have been proven A)
perfect by a long and reliable record.-
8- , ; i)
ar d e : : j : : i : I : v i. i
V the invisible bifocals, has
result of just such a record.
J Every pair of Kryptok glasses worn by one of our A
customers, fitted as we fit them, is certain to give un- w
6 We design and grind these glasses in our own shop on 5
the premises to meet your individual requirements for
near and far, vision.
J You are sure of the genuine
SAVE YOUR EYES
S THOMPSON OPTICAL INSTITUTE f
Portland's Largest, Most Modem, Best Equipped, Exclusive
209-10-11 Corbett Building, Fifth and Morrison
ii . r r r rgi 5r rg
crease in the cost of labor and materi
als. The cost of those brands of cigar
ettes most frequently smoked by
wage-earners increased 33 to 60 per
cent; cigars, 20 to 30 per cent. Well
known retailers placed the increase in
the cost of tobacco at 30 to 40 per
Furnishings, especially household
linens, draperies. ""and other 'fabrics,
often advanced in price 100 per cent or
more. Large increases were also re
ported in the price of kitchen utensils
TUNN.EL FUNDS HELD NEED
Governor Kdge Would Appropriate
Money for Maintenance.
TRENTON. N. J. Governor EdfV said
said today that he is in favor of mak
ing annual appropriations for the con
struction of the Hudson tunnel and the
Delaware bridge projects. Instead of
levying a tax or appropriating a lump
sum now, pending a vote on the mat
ter by the people of the state. With
tolls charged fcajr traffic in the Hudson
tunnels, he said, the funds appropriated
by New Jersey and New York would
be merely an extension of credit by
However, he said that a decision in
regard to the best means for New Jer
sey to raise its share will rest finally
with the legislators or the people of
No office needed by those
Tk Pmnal Writint MrntUm
Come in and Ieam what
it will do for you,
E. Y. PEASE CO.
110 Sixth St.
Pathe and Okeh
166 10TH ST.
5 $ s s&s r. I
i -l ' ' ... Jt f w.' -.
been attained by us as the
when you come to us.
cry tg tp xb ry -t
Hudson county, which is most vitally
Fine Investment. . Small apartment
house in best residential section of the
city.. For sale hy owners.
I'V E. COWMAN & CO.,
213 Chamber Commerce Buildine: Adv.
IX 8 J.KSSONS
-Prfi aO 1 ft F
At I)eHoneya Heaaitirul
Academy, ISfttl mad.
New classes for beginners start Mon
day and Thursday evenings, 8 to 11:30.
this week. One-Step. Three-Step. Fox
Trot, Schottlsche and Waltz taught In
eight lessonn ladies $2.00. gentlemen
j. Advanced classes start Tuesday and
Kriday evenings this week. Take one
or four lessons a week. Tickets are
good until used. Private lessons all
hours. Lady and gentleman instructors.
Learn the Gingle Fox Trot and new
we have i.arcf; and select
and the social feature of belonging to
our classes i worth double the price.
Thla Uitnatre Term is worth SIS.
and if you ever intend to learn dancing,
take -advantage of this cut rate, for
this week only. Secure tickets at once.
Join our new classes.
DIKFEREXT KROM OTIIKR
The Only School with a separate step
room and 10 extra teachers where back
ward pupils receive special attention.
The Only .School teaching each lesson
the entire evening. 8 to 11:30, where
you receive the proper amount of prac
tice. Tbe Only School with a system where
you dance with dozens ol different
partners, teaching the gentlemen to
lead and the lady to follow correctlv
(the only way to become a practical
The Only School where each pupil re
ceives a printed description of all
dances free. We do not teach before
dancing parties begin, or give short
one-hour lessons, and I conscientiously
believe one lesson from us is worth
six in the average school. The most
backward pupil will not feel embar
rassed. Our academy is in the best residence
location and you will meet refined
MY LATEST BOOK
on Ball Koom Etiquette, Grace. re
portment. Hall Koom and Beautiful
Stage Dancing is now being published,
price $1.00, by mail, or will be given
free to all joining our new classes this
week, or taking private lessons. It'
you desire the most simple ball room
dance or most beautiful stage dance,
call on us afternoons or evenings. Mr.
DeHoney is acknowledged to be one of
America's most graceful dancers, suc
cessful instructors and leading authori
ties on dancing. He is not of the old
fogy kind, and his ability is absolutely
unequaled, and he is always ready to
meet any jealous, would-be competitor
in a contest in dancing for anv sum of
money. If you desire the best, where
you receive something for your money,
call at once. Phone Main 7S56.
THE MANNING GAS MAKER
Rcroaeae la the imirar to the nncertatntir
( mal and woml. It's plentiful, chran. ray
t Bet, and furthermore it practical. With
aWnnlnz Gaa Maker you can uia lterom
far a rei:Ms and lnexpensiva day-tn-aod-dar-oi't
fuel all Winter. Fits any cookUnr
Biova nnfl or neauns stove. '
U. W MANM.s ti LIGIITINU UtTFLY CO.
i. J and WV l "U
'THE STORE THAT UNDERSELLS BECAUSE IT
r i vx s x : A
EVERY GARMENT !
WE ARE SHOWING I
Carries a message of the nearness of spring the new styles arc not so much
the change-of-the-season which always comes with the passing of winter as they y
are a complete change in every feature of model and material. With the war 3
only a far-off cchoand the surety of peace and prosperity growing greater
every day-, the fashions of the coming season show a reawakening of the desire
for the beautiful, the youthful and the gaily expressions of joyful design to
which the makers of this spring's garments have responded with lavish use
of dainty decorative handwork and delightful beauty in colorings and rich
$22.95 to S77J5Q
New Skirts New Waists
New Capes New Dolmans
At Prices You'll Be Pleased to Pay
Cotne See This Splendid Showing at Your First Opportunity
$2M to $5.00
An extensive showing- of the fash
ionable new Moire Silk Bags popu
lar shapes in neat and clever color
combinations. Leather Goods Section.
Attend the Special Dew
onstration at Our Notion
Every housekeeper should know of
the superior qualities of this cele
brated Polish for cleaning and pol
ishing all sorts of woodwork, furni
ture, pianos, hardwood floors, auto
mobiles, etc. It is a polish NOT AM
OIL. It removes dirt and cleans and
polishes at the same time.
THREE SIZE BOTTLES
"Come and See for Yourself."
. n.rt.,a i
hjw aa. ---ayaaaaMBaBBBB
At 35c Each
3 for $1j00
Made from remnants of heavy sheet
ing they are exceptional values at
At $1.4S Each
Fine Linen - Finish Bleached Sheets,
made without seam and hemmed
ready to use. A splendid value at
this price. '
At 25c Yard
A Good Standard Quality
At $2.48 Each
A special sale of a splendid lot of
pure white Cotton Batts of wool
process finish they come in one
piece, 72 by 84 inches, and 3 pounds
at $ :30 A.M.
at 9 A.M.
III Fashionable Ncic
Styles and Colors
Beautiful Silk Hosiery
The Phoenix Silk Stockings
at $125 Pair
Just received a special frhipment of
the celebrated Fhoenix Silk Hose
and durability at the above prices
new shades of gray, tan, brown,
be Phoenix hose.
Continued With Renewed Lots
This Phenomenal Sale of
High -Grade Corsets in the
Season's Favorite Styles
Rengo Belt, Henderson,
Marito and R. and G. Makes
At $129, $1.9S, $2.69, $339
Choice From All Models
The need is great this season for a more
than usually exact shaped corset to prop
erly set oft the new silhouette of suit
and dress styles. There are the new
shapes in brocades, batistes, plain or
fancy coutils in pink or white and
Select Your New Corset
sizes from 19 to lit?. More than seventy- Vj r
five different modols to select from. t5 JkV '
ranging from the popular topless model jj liT'n
to the heavy steel-elastic reducing Rengo Itj
HERE'S A SURPRISE FOR YOU
An Opportunity to Purchase
DAINTY 'f' REG.
LACES at PRICES
It is an important sale of surplus lots, broken lines and discontinued
numbers in Laces suitable for most every-purposes for the making
and trimming of dresses, waists, underwear, etc. Included are:
Metal Edges, Bauds, A Hovers and F lonncings
In IS. 27 and 36-Inch Widths
Silk Allovers, Flonncings and Edges in White,
Cream and Black Widths to 36 Inch
Vol Edges and Insertions, I'cnisc Laces.
Normandie 'als. Net Top Edge Shadow
All On Sale At One-Half Regular Prices
Shadow Flonncings, Linen Cluny Bands, Net Top
Laces, Etc., 17 to 27 -Inch Widths
Complete New Line of
Perfect fitting, seasonable weight Union Suits made from the best
cotton yarns styles with long or short sleeves in white and ecru.
Particular men insist upon wearing Cooper's Bemington underwear.
Fits best wears best costs less three good reasons.
J r . - v - "
The Most in Value The Best in Quality
SELLS FOR CASH"
S12.45 to $35.00
new Pprinp styles and colors in
stockinRs of unsurpassed beauty
all sizes in black, white, and the
beaver, etc. Let your new hose
at This Sale and Save!
at 5:30 P.M.
at 6 P. M.
- a. a