Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
Pages 1 to 24
VOL. XXXVIII 0. 11.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH
SOLDIERS SENT HOME
IN LIVESTOCK CARS
. SHOWN IN ELECTION
WAR ON PROHIBITION
U-BOAT IN PLIGHT
IS OPENLY DECLARED
BUT NOT INVITED
PLANNED FOR U. S.
SENATOR CHAMBERLAIX AGAIN
ATTACKS WAR DEPARTMENT.
.E DEVELOPMENTS TAKEN AS
ORGANIZATION FORMING FA
. W ARNING TO PREMIER.
VORS LIQUOR AND TOBACCO.
Chamberlain Not Slighted,
Says Secretary Baker.
WAR DEPARTMENT HEAD HERE
Visit to Vancouver Barracks
. and Banquet Feature.
ARMY CAMPS TO REMAIN
Ceneral March, Chief of Maff, Ac
companies Sev-rctary on Tour.
Future Army Vnecrtaln.
I BY JOHN W. KELLY.
"Preposterous nonsense!" said Secre
tarjr of War Baker. "It is preposterous
Nonsense for anyone to say that Sen
ator Chamberlain would not be as wel
come on a chip groins to Europe with
. Tne as any other member of congress. I
aw an editorial on the subject. There
is nothing; to it."
Thus did Mr. Baker dispose of the
freport from Washington that when he
jroes abroad he will not want the chair-
Ttian of the senate committee on mili
tary affairs, Mr. Chamberlain of Ore
gon, on the boat. Postmaster Myers.
State Democratic Chairman Stark
weather, and former Councilman W. T.
Vaughn listened to the statement, all
Welcome drew Secretary.
Accompanied by General P. C. March,
thief of staff, the secretary of war ar
rived in Portland yesterday afternoon,
was greeted by a delegation consisting
principally of federal officeholders and
democratic leaders, with a sprinkling o(
ordinary citizens. Officers from Van
couver barracks appeared with automo
biles and whisked the secretary away
after he promised to attend a dinner
at the Hotel Portland last night, ar
ranged on short notice by Collector of
Customs Will Moore.
Aside from Secretary Baker those at
the dinner were Collector of Customs
loore. C. J. Smith. B. K. Hancy, W. 1.
Bennett. W. C. Pibber. H. B. VanDuser.
"William Ifagood. H. G. starkweather, i
Ttlcliard Montague. O. K. Hamakf. I
lieorge Lovejoy, Frank Irvine, A. M.
Smith, Alex Sweek, M. A. Miller, Oswald
West. W. N. Gatcns, Oglesby Young,
George W. Trowbridge and G. Y. Harry.
After the meal the secretary left for
Tacoma. He is expected to double back
(Sunday and proceed to California.
Arm j- Camps ta Remain.
"This is a trip of Inspection. ex
plained Mr- Baker. "Neither General
Xarch nor myself has ever seen Camp
Lvwis and we wish to familiarize our
aelves with it. so that when the future
army programme is mapped out we will
liave it in mind.
"American Take will always be used
Tor army purposes, the ite having been
accepted by the government, as I un
derstand, a long time a po. I do not
inean that it will continue to be used as
a trreal mobilisation point, however,
but it will continue in service for mili
"Vancouver will ul.o bo maintained.
JBut whether it will be turned back to
tlte engineers or used for infantry I !
do not know at this time.
"One of the principal things which
Jias brouKht us on this trip is to sear
up machinery so that demobilization
will proceed faster than it has. We
want the arrangements eo made that
SO man. unless he is an exceptional
case, will have to be held in
these camps longer than 48 hours. We
want to have everything? ready, so that
tts record, pay. physical examination
find all the other details can be at
tended to with speed and in 48 hours
after his arrival he will be discharged.
Spruce Operatloaa Praised.
"At present we are bringing soldiers
back as fast as we can get the ships.
iow lone American soldiers will rc
Tnain In F.urope or how many will be
detailed there, if any. I cannot say.
"At Vancouver 1 was greatly inter
ested in the work of the spruce divi
sion, which was one of the spectacular
features of tlte war. The speed with
w-hich the division wae demobilized and
the equipment stored from the elements
is remarkable. General Utsquc and his
associates performed a wonderful task
both at Vancouver and in the field."
Discussing conditions of American
troops abroad. Mr. B.ker said that the
troops which had to occupy the devas
tated territory of France, where there
was not a houw nor shelter of any
Kind, whore it was raining and cold,
bad to put up with creature discom
forts: but these conditions are being
Fatare Army Arflioa t'neertaia.
Complaints from the soldiers, he said,
be alwuyts receives seriously. He
dwelt on the activity, with which the
soldiers are being returned to the Unit
id States by the hundred thousand, and
predicted that this gigantic movement
would continue as long as necessary.
As to the future of the American
standing army he had no Information
to divulge', for Congress has not ex
pressed itself. There are a multitude
of details to be worked out. said he,
and for the present there ia little to be
aid on the topic
Mr. Baker is a man of small stature,
with quick, nervous movements: a man
who speaks fluently and carefully
jcks Ms words while doing so. Also
)(( is an inveterate smoker, for, after
climbing into his dress suit and while
awaiting the democratic faithful to
Jead him to dinner, lie smoked a piyu.
Further Investigation Is Promised,
With View to Fixing Definitely
WASHINGTON, March 13. Charges
that American soldiers from western
states were moved from an Atlantic
port of debarkation to their homes in
cattle cars were made by Senator
Chamberlain of Oregon, chairman of
the military committee in the last sen
ate. In an address here tonight before
the Mississippi society.
"I will not tell you where those gal
lant boys debarked," said Senator
Chamberlain, "because I propose to in-
vestiagte the case further with a view-
to axing definitely the responsibility.
But the story told me only today was
that these boys, overjoyed at getting
back to American shores, were placed
in cars used for carrying livestock.
They had no lights except that which
could be given by lanterns and nothing
to eat except canned goods.
"In this way they traveled for four
days. J3o you think that as they pro
ceeded on their journey they cultivated
additional love for the country for
which they had fought and smfered?
They were in constant danger of get
ting into a spirit of desregard for the
institutions of their country. What
kind of a spirit do you think treatment
of this character will Inspire in the
Of course, I know the head of a
great department can't be in constant
touch with the details of his office. But
the man immediately in charge should
be held responsible and Americans will
demand a reckoning at his hands. The
problem of taking care of the soldiers
is one of the most severe that we will
have to face. But it should be faced
with candor, with open honesty and
with unflinching courage. Nothing
con be gained by concealing the truth."
FLEET'S FLIGHT IS FAST
Aberdeen Major Flics From New
York to Ohio in Four Hours.
ABERDEEN. Wash.. March 15.
(Special.) J. S. Waugh, Aberdeen mer
chant now in New York, encloses In a
letter an account of a flight of Major
Reuben F. Fleet, of this county from
McCook field, Mineola. Long Island, to
i'ayton, Ohio, in 4 hours, 35 minutes.
The trip was made In a DeHaviland
battleplane equipped with 400 horse
power engines, and the flight was
made at the rate of 135.8 miles an hour.
The trip was made in stormy weather
and the machine was blown about 100
miles off the regular course. Most of
the distance was covered at a height
of 10.000 to 12.000 feet.
WOULD-BE ASSASSIN TO DIE
Court-Martial Acts Quickly on As
sailant of Premier Clcnicnceau.
PARIS, Friday. March 14. It took
less than six hours today for a court
martial to try Kmile Cottin for his
attempt on the life of Premier Clem
enceau and to sentence him to death.
The trial began after noon and ended
at 7:25 o'clock this evening, when Colo
nel Ilyvert announced the verdict,
which was unanimous.
Cottin listened calmly to the presi
dent of the court as he read the sen
tence and then said:
"I am glad to die for the cause of
the proletariat. If my death will
bring relief to the down-trodden work
ing man I will not have died in vain."
HOMING PIGEONS ORDERED
Cascade Forester Will IVe Birds Col
lil'GEXE, Or., March II
UUUS noiiiiiiK iiigcuno nac uccn ui
dered by Clyde R. Seltz. supervisor of I
one orTtne Cascade national forest with head
quarters in Eugene, to be used In pro
tecting forests from fire this summer.
The bird3 will arrive April 1, and fourj
each will be sent to the ranger stations
at McKenzle bridge. Oakridge and Re
serve, where they will be trained until
the dry season, when they will be
placed in active service.
"Smoke chasers" will take the birds
with them when they go to fight small
fires, and if they find that they need
help the birds will be liberated with a I
message to the nearest ranger station. I
MILES CANNON AT MOSCOW
Idaho Agricultural Head Starts
Work In Latah County.
MOSCOW. Idaho. March 15. (Spe
cial.) Miles Cannon of Weiser, Idaho,
the first man appointed head of onej
of the nine departments of Governori
Davis" cabinet. Is in Moscow arrang
ing for co-operative work with farm
ers, grain and mill men and
citizens of Latah county.
Mr. Cannon is chairman or manager
of the commission of agriculture His
work will be interwoven with that of
tho agricultural college and experi-l
ment station and with the extension
work. Mr. Cannon is enthusiastic
about the prospects of his department
assisting the farmers to get better!
prices and more honest treatment in
handling their products.
12 ALIENS ARE PAROLED
Remainder of 5 4 Persons Under De-i
tention to Be Deported.
WASHINGTON. March 15. Paroles
were granted by the secretary of labor
today to 13 aliens or the group or 64
sent to New York under orders of de
portation. In 19 cases the deportation
order was affirmed. In the remaining
23 cases no applications for reopening
of hearings were pending.
Most of the aliens ordered paroled
had been offered paroles on the basis
of their original hearings and before
thev were removed from the state of
Washington, but refused to accept
Construction Depends 0
Paris Conference. ;
DANIELS SAILS FOR EUROPE
Will Cost $40,000,000
CRAFT WILL HAVE, SPEED
If It Is Decided to Build Powerful
Type of Boats, America Will
Have Strongest Navy of All.
WASHINGTON, March 15. Important
conclusions which probably will be re
flected later at Paris in discussion of
limitation of naval armaments are ex
pected here to grow out of the forth
coming conference between Secretary
Daniels and his aides and European ad
miralty officials. The secretary sailed
today, accompanied by his three chief
While the main object of the trip of
the American officials is to gather In
formation upon which the navy depart
ment can fcase a report to congress
relative to the proposal to substitute
gigantic composite cruiser-battle ships
for present-day capital war vessels, the
fact that such a programme would
render all existing fleets obsolete and
that Its cost would be enormous, in
sure, in the view of many officials here,
that the project will be taken up at
the peace conference.
Bis Questions Involved.
Naval officials generally are inclined
to defer judgment as to tho advisability
of adopting the composite ship pro
gramme. They take the view that even
in its narrowest and strictly American
aspect the proposal raises questions of
such a far-reaching nature that indi
vidual opinions should have no weight
in arriving at the answer.
' In the view- here, even the American
SB-knot battle cruiser project now held
to await a decision on the greater ques
tion of composite ships has in it ele
ments that make it more than a purely
national matter under present condi
tions. Officers say that if competitive
naval building is to continue, .other
powers must provide similar- ships, as
not even Great Britain Is building craft
(Concluded on Puge 3, Column 1.)
GRANDMA WORRY WAITS FOR THE BUS.
.. .. - . , -
I rrovvr i - uac dc i i-tvi- tn-nEu T ' 1 """CT' I'
I I THING AINTFE '- - r f , vlvlW15!l,XX i I
t sums -" isAMf-v, opara ummiL.iir-TT t
YOU DQNV catch Mi ' ' - 1 , l-'MN1IBuCv I
. i c Sr. -'o, -V3 rvT-'i -r ..t, i ' v n i- ii j i i
I i? " S -Tr i II S A I IT
II rLnp&wi . Jits' I . III leift . ,11
: . mm., i i r t
i 1 2f2 r ' fl I V i I I
t 1 J T I
! I RFmFS WKAT C Jl IA R AMViTir! I Lttt. 1 .)MM 1 1. . . I I
I T I . - r r, I L ' I - .J T
I T Tit A -n I nrr.n 1 'rlXC04W 1 ' 1 1 .
. iMtwiK iva rsr ,
-1 ' vm TT ' u-n - -.J t
5 idications Are That Political Tide
Is Turning; Government's Fi
nancial Policy Disliked.
LONDON, Friday, March 14. Poli
ticians look upon the result in the
parliamentary election in West Leyton
Division today as a sharp reminder to
the coalition government of Premier
Lloyd-George of popular discontent.
The division returned A. E. Newbould,
an independent liberal who was de
feated In December by a majority of
2000 over K. F. Mason, a coalition
unionist, who had the premier's in
In the gemral election recently the
coalition unionist, Colonel Wrightson,
whose death made today's election
necessary, polled 11,000 votes to New
This result, with the fact that Rear
Admiral W. A. Hall, coalition union
ist, was returned for the West Derby
division of Liverpool recently by
rrttly decreased majority, is taken
to show that the political tide is
Politicians credit this change in senti
ment to the government's financial
Appropriation bills for the coming
fiscal year which the government has
introduced in the house of commons in
the last few days include 440.000,000
for the army, which Is more than 10
times the scale before the war, and
149,000,000 for the navy, which is
roughly five times the rate before the
Another cause of dissatisfaction is
the continuance of conscription in a
limited measure and the general im
patience to r ' the country back to a
RED CROSS WORKER DEAD
Lieutenant Walker Victim of Typhus
Contracted In Balkans.
ATHENS, March 14. Lieutenant
Walker of the American Red Cross,
who had been engaged In relief work in
Macedonia, is dead here from typhus
contracted in the Balkans.
The Greek government has conferred
on him posthumously the cross of the
Order of the Savior.
FREQUENT RAINS LIKELY
Pacific Coast State Due for Fall Be
low Normal In Temperature.
WASHINGTON, March 15 Weather
predictions for the week beginning
Monday, issued by the weather bureau
Pacific states Frequent ra'ins prob
able with temperature below normal.
.rjf tK?P &WA J M l II
Rumors of Political Up
INDUSTRY TO EE ENCOURAGED
ETficient Service Required of
IMPORTANT PERIOD LOOMS
Reconstruction Plan, as Outlined by
Legislature, Meets Approval
of New Executive.
SALEM, Or., March 15. (Special.)
There will be no political upheaval
under Ben W. . Olcott, Oregon's new
governor. But the executive will ex
pect that the men under him will give
their utmost endeavors to carry on an
efficient and a sound economical busi
ness policy In the administration of the
affairs of their offices, and any other
kind of an administration will be a
signal for them to seek other employ
The executive announced today his
expected summarization of the more
important ( matters of policies which
will control his conduct of affairs as
governor, and in making the announce
ment he declares that with the broad
problems opening before the state It is
no time for factional etrile and that
for the well-being of the state the
united support of its people should be
given to the governor, regardless of
who might happen to be occupying
Reconstruction Plan Favored.
He declares himself in favor of
a commendable reconstruction pro
gramme; that he believes the recon
struction plan as outlined by the re
cent legislature should receive the sanc
tion of the people as a link in the chain
of development and to bridge over a
period of unemployment that Is facing
Ho declares that Jt will be his pol
icy -to encourage industry to the full
est extent; to promote harmony and
fairness between employer and em
ploye necessary for industrial success
and a happy citizenship and to encour-
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 1.)
Public Opinion to Be Influenced for
"Maintenance of Standards
of Personal Liberty."
NEW YORK, March 15. Organiza
tion of the Association Opposed to Na
tional Prohibition was announced here
tonight, with the avowed "prime pur
pose" of making the "18th amendment
to the constitution forever inoperative."
Application for incorporation under the
laws of New York will be made next
week, it was said. Among the incorpo
rators will be Percival S. Hill, presi
dent of the American Tobacco com
pany; Joseph W. Harriman, president of
the Herriman National bank, and Mich
ael Friedsam, president of B. Altman
& Co. No person officially connected
with the organization, it was declared,
has any interest, directly or indirectly,
ir. the liquor business.
Plans for organization of branches in
29 states have been laid, it was an
nounced, and nearly 800,000 persons
already have applied for membership.
The organization, it was declared,
stands on the principle of "personal
rights and liberties" and is opposed
to introduction of any bills in congress
or in the various state legislatures
differentiating between light wines and
beer and whisky.
It is as strongly opposed, the state
ment continues, to prohibition by con
stitutional amendment of the manufac
ture and sale of cigarettes, cough drops
and chewing gum, as it is to the pro
hibition by constitutional amendment
of the manufacture and sale of in
toxicants. In addition to the organization's cam
paign to influence public opinion "for
maintenance of the standards of per
sonal liberty." by "all lawful and pro
per means," the organization also pro
poses to disseminate information re
garding the political, social and eco
nomic effect of the prohibition of the
sale of alcoholic beverages, to promote
temperance In the use of alcoholic
beverages "and to oppose any move
ment to limit or discontinue the use of
The organization will hold mass
meetings and parades in 43 cities on
April 19, the anniversary of the firing
of the first gun of the American revo
lution. A national convention Is to be
held, the announcement says, between
June 1 and June 15.
TRANSPORT SINKS, 9 DROWN
Vessel Strikes Mine in North Sea
35 Survivors Landed.
LONDON. March 15. Nine sailors are
reported drowned in the sinking of the
American naval transport Yselhaven
which struck a mine at 1:35 o'clock
Friday morning,' according to a report
to Lloyd's. The Yselhaven was bound
from Baltimore to Copenhagen.
Thirty -five survivors have been
landed at Hartlepool by a British
The Yselhaven measured 3558 tons.
and was built in Rotterdam in 131t.
She was taken over by the Lnited
States shipping board after tlie United
States entered the war. fche leit Bal
timore February 18 for Copenhagen.
The sinking of the Yselhaven probaDJy
occurred in the North sea.
YEGGS IN VLADIVOSTOK
Ware of Highway Robbery and Safe
WASHINGTON. March .15. A wave
of highway robbery and safe-blowing
in Vladivostok during the past week
was reported today to the state de
partment. In one instance a band of
armed robbers in broad daylight blew
up a safe and took 250,000 rubles and
In another securities valued at nearly
?. 500,000 rubles were taken from the
I offices of the leading co-operative or
ganization at Vladivostok.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
The Wrath rr.
I YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature,
degrees; minimum, J aei?rce.
TODAY s nam;
Official casualty list. Section 1, page L'J.
f Fugitive German submarine sunk by Span
iards. Section l, page j.
I Popular discontent is growing In Great
ijritatn. ecnon x. page i.
Germans trade ships for food. Section 1,
Hearst ranch in Mexico raided by Villa men.
Section 1, page 2.
Permanent treaty now being drawn. Sec
tion 1, page 4.
Germans must work, not strike, says Prus
sian premier. section i, page o.
Paris regarded as gate to millenium. Sec
tion 1, page 7.
Recent session of congress declared storm
iest in years. Section l, page o.
I Blockade not intended to starve German
people. Section i; page -'i.
Huge U. S. warship planned. bcction l,
I C. B. Aitchison gets important position.
Section 1, page 6.
Semi-professional baseball riea is prom
ised. Section 'Z, page l.
Beaver pitchers look good. Section 2, page 2.
Lincoln high wins state honors from Salem.
Section 2, page 2.
Santa Monica road race won by Durant.
Section 2, page 4.
Interscholastic baseball to start soon. Sec
tion 2, page 4.
Bowlers eager for northwest series. Sec
tion 2, page 3.
Activities of Multnomah club to be shown
in entertainment programme. Section 2,
All northwest eyes motorcycle events. Sec
tion 2, page .
Portland and Vicinity.
I Senator Chamberlain welcome, but not In
vited, bectivu 1, page 1.
Oregon cities to maintain U. S. employment
bureau service; bectton 1, page 11'.
T. W. C. A. to launch drive for SiiO.000. Sec
tion 1, page 14.
Lieutenant Dunning, tomcat of the tanks,
wins three war crosses. Section 1,
Hum of aircraft to be heard over city. Sec
tion 3, page 17.
' J. S. Mann, ex-cabhier of Lfnnton bank, in-
dicua. be..uon j, page ltt.
Fugitive Diver Overtaken
CREW OF 30 GERMANS SAVED
Attempt to Escape Discovered
by Naval Guards.
BOAT LONG AGO INTERNED
Captain of Craft Declares His Boat
Tlad Been Damaged in Fight
ing Three Allied Ships.
PARIS, March 15. The German sub
marine U-48, while attempting to
escape from Ferrol, Spain, last night,
was chased by a destroyer and sunk.
according to a Havas dispatch from
The U-48 took refuge at Ferrol In
March, 1918, and was Interned. The
attempted flight of the U-boat was
observed and the torpedoboat destroyer
Antalo pursued her. The German boat
was sunk outside the Ferrol roads. The
crew was saved.
When the German submarine U-48
sought refuge at Ferrol her propellers
were unshipped by the authorities and"
her guns and munitions were taken out,
according to dispatches from that port.
The captain of the submarine declared
that his craft had been damaged se
verely in fighting three ships. The
U-boat carried a crew of 30 men and
for a time a Spanish warship stood
guard over her. In 1917 the U-48 was
reported off Bermuda.
SANTIAGO, Chile, March 15. Crews
of tho interned German vessels in
Chilean harbors, which are to be turned
over to the United States, have been
ordered by the minister of war to lower
the German flag on the ships. The- Ger
man minister here protested to the
Chilean foreign , minister against this
order. He was informed that it could
not be revoked because the vessels
were to be ready for delivery to the
United States on demand.
SOLDIER AIDJS APPROVED
Spokane Business Men to Help
Fighting Men to Get Jobs.
SPOKANE, March 15. Plans for per
sonal assistance for returned soldiers.
to aid them in getting the sort of job
they desire and help them otherwise
when occasion demands, are to bo
worked out by a special committee of
Spokane business men. to be named at
meeting of those interested which
will be held here next week.
General plans for the organization
were announced today at a luncheon
given former Governor Hay by Profes
sor Loewbe of the school of commerce
of the University of Washington, di
rector of the bureau of the after-care
of the northwest division of the Red
The committee would work in co
operation with the home service de
partment of the local Red Cross
R. A. BOOTH URGED' TO STAY
Oregon Citizens Want Highway Com
missioner to Retain Place.
SALEM, Or., March 15. (Special.)
From all ovflr the state an avalanche
of letters and telegrams has descended
on the governor's office urging that
he prevail upon State Highway Com
missioner Booth to retain his place on
Many of theso indorsements are
from communities where local candi
dates have arisen, and in practically
every instance in which indorsements
have been received for other candidates
they have been prefaced by urging the
retention of Mr. Booth in the first In
stance, but stating if he cannot be re
tained they would like to recommend
their part'eular candidate.
SEATTLE FACES LARGE TAX
Completion of Rail Deal May In
volve Payment of $2 75,000.
OLYMPIA, "Wash.. March 13. The
city of Se.'.ttle will have to pay 1275,000
taxes for the year 1919 if the deal
whereby the Seattle municipality ac
quires the street-car lines of the Puget
Sound Traction, Light & Power com
pany Is completed before April 1, ac
cording to a ruling made today by Clark
P.. Jackson, state tax commissioner.
Jackson places the valuation of the
carlines at 812.000,000.
RECORD CROPS PREDICTED
Central Washington Farmers Start
Sowing Spring Wheat.
SPOKANE, Wash., March 13. Farm
ers in the southern section of the Big
Bend country in north central Wash
ington have started sowing spring
wheat for what will be one of the
largest crops in the history of this
part of the country, according to re
ports received by former Governor
Hay, who has farming interests ' In
Climatic conditions are excellent for
A ood crop, be said..
GH 1 06.0