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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
Pages 1 to 16
VOL. XXXVII NO. 43.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 27. 1918.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
SHIKS, 343 PERISH
Vessel, All On Board Lost
in Alaskan Waters.
LIST OF PASSENGERS
ADDRESSES OF THOSE OX SO
PHIA "OT AVAILABLE.
MANY VICTIMS TUNERS
Disaster Regarded as Wors
in Marine History of the
VESSEL FIRST HITS REEF
Terrific Attacks by Storming
Winds and Waves Com
SEATTLE, Wash, Oct 26. Three
hundred and forty-three persons, most
of them outbound Alaskans and resi
dents of the Yukon Territory, lost
their lives when the Canadian Pa
cific Steamship Company's passenger
steamer Princess Sophia was picked
op by storming winds and waters,
dragged across Vanderbilt Reef ani
dropped to the bottom of Lynn Canal,
an arm of the Inside Passage not far
south of Skagway, Alaska.
"No survivors," read a wireless from
Juneau, Alaska, telling of the loss,
Shipping men tonight said the loss
of the Sophia with all aboard was the
worst marine disaster in the history
of the Coast.
Capacity Load Carried.
The vessel, 2320 tons gross, had
been plying in Western Canadian and
Southeastern Alaska waters since she
was built in 1912.
Lists of passengers and details of
the wreck were not available here to
night. The vessel, it was thought,
was carrying a capacity load of pas
sengers, nearly all Northerners who
bad taken the last steamboat up the
Yukon River before the ice, and had
boarded the Sophia at Skagway.
The passengers were among the
hundreds who left Alaska this Fall to
spend the Winter in the States and
Canada. They had come as far as
White Horse by river boat and there
had boarded trains fpf the Alaska
Storm Encountered Early.
Wednesday the heavily-loaded So
phia left Skagway for Vancouver and
Victoria. Not many hours out, she
ran into one of the first snow storms
of the year.
Early Thursday, in the dark and
storm, she ran hard aground on the
Vanderbilt Reef. S. O. S. calls were
sent out and the United States light
house tender Cedar, the United States
Government steamer Peterson, and
several small boats went to her as
When daylight came it was found
the boat was resting easily and the
weather calm, so i- was decided not to
take the passengers off.
Word was sent to Vancouver and
the wrecking steamer Tees and the
C P. R. steamer Princess Alice were
Many Names, However, Identified
by Alaskans Who Are Now
SEATTLE, Wash.. Oct. 26. A Skag
way. Alaska, dispatch to the Associated
Press tonight gave the list of passen
gers aboard the Sophia, but did not give
their addresses. Alaskans now in Seat
tle Identified many of the names. Skag
way's list, with the addresses added by
Northerners here, follows:
J. R- Young, San Francisco, engineer
Yukon steamer Dawson.
C. J. Bloomquist, Victoria. B. C, cap
tain steamer Dawson.
C. S. Chinery, White Horse, Y. T.
H. A. Robinson, San Francisco and
Lake Bennett, Y. T.
A. S. Bourne, Iditarod. Alaska, book-
keeper for the Northern Commercial
H. EL Fardin, Ruby. Alaska.
REACTS 1M OREGON
Voters Feel. Keenly Sting
PROMINENT MEN OUTSPOKEN
REFUSE TO QUIT CITY
C1TIXIAXS DEFY HUNS, WITH
BRITISH AT CITY GATES.
Republicans Point to Record
of Loyal Service.
ACTION IS HELD INSULT
R. it Hall, 'iditarod, wireless oper- President W ilson's Move in Bidding
F. E. Sole. Iditarod.
Mrs. F. " -aton and two chlldrc
D. A. McDonald, Iditarod, formerly of
W. S. Amlong and wife. Ruby.
Mrs. Al Winchell, San Francisco.
S. J. Baggerly and wife. Ruby, man
ager cold storage plant.
Peter Gurkovitch. Fairbanks.
II. M. Swartz, Seattle, United States
Transport Serv ice.
H. B. Parkin. Seattle, general man
ager Pacific Coast Cold Storage Com
J. F. Pugh, United States Customs
Collector of Juneau.
II. A. Somerset, Iditarod.
G. A. Miles, Iditarod.
Mr. and Mrs. It. II. Davis. Davis was
purser of the Yukon River steamer
Mr. and Mrs. Sam Henry. Dawson, y.
William S. Scouse, Dawson, miner.
John Zaccharelli, Los Angeles,
Mrs. George Makus and daughter,
W. K. McArthur, Dawson,
Mr. and Mrs. M. S. Eads, DawAn,
proprietors Hotel Alexander. Dawson's
George Milton. Pantlus, Alaska, coal
w. F. Shaw, Skagway, steamship
A. R. Garner, Fraser River.
Voters to Elect Only Democrats
Results in General Criticism.
President Wilson's more in bidding
voters of the United States to express
their approval of the War Administra
tion by electing only Democrats to
seats in Congress reacted powerfully In
Perhaps Oregon citizens, since they
have so consistently set the pace fo
the Nation in loyally and unitedly sup
porting every war cause and develop
ment approved by the .President., felt
most keenly the sting of ingratitude.
However this be, the fact la that dis
approval and resentment were voiced
by thousands of loyal citizens.
criticism was voiced with perfect
freedom, too. Why not, since the Presl
aent nimseir deliberately swung open
the lid long clamped down on partisan
feelings? queried the Republican and
cun- I Progressive voters.
McGIm Reaeata Appeal.
Disapproval of the President's appeal
ranged from mild declaration that it
was untimely and out of place to out
bursts of feeling on the part of men
who have been untiring in helping the
Administration prosecute the war and
whose sons are fighting- what they
have) conceived to be the battles of the
lypicai 01 many expressions was
(Concluded oa Pave A. Column 1.)
Mr. and Mrs. O. E. Tackstrom. two ln" cutting comment of Judge Henry
children. Ruby, formerly of Stanwood. I
Wash. I l resent the president's action," said
W.-A. Thompson, New York, purser lJuaK McUlnn. "I. resent it with all
steamer Yukon. I my might. Whatever I may have
Captain John C. Green and wife, mas-1 thought before -now I know and de
ter steamer Yukon. I clare the Administration . narrowly
A. W. Walker, cook on Yukon steamer I partisax Just compare the situation
Selkirk. I Mr. Wilson precipitates with that in
J. Santine, Portland, Or., engineer) other nations, where the war crisis has
steamer Yukon. brought in coalition governments. The
d. sownr, cmei engineer steamer I answering resentment snould cause
Dawson. I every voter of such inclination to vote
H. Rutherford, Dawson. I the Republican ticket straight, from
ttuy jicCrait, Seattle, steward steamer Governor down to Constable.
luKon- I Actios. Considered In.alt.
"' Z " , ? ' v'"orm Or mark this, from Dan J. Malarkey
t vv.ii r. wlth two sons f'Bhting in France and
Mrs. Charles Cousins, Victoria.
B. Wilkinson, Victoria, second mate
Mrs. Dan Gillls. wife Yukon gas boat
Thomas McMahon, Flat City, Alaska;
merchant, formerly of Arlington, Wash.
George Tribe, steward steamer Dawson.
E. S. Ironside, Dawson, collector customs.
Mrs. M. Ironside, mother E. S. Iron
Mrs. C. J. Vifquian and child. Mrs.
Vifquian's husband is the Dawson
agent for the White Pass & Yukon
W. J. O'Brien, Dawson, Canadian Pa
cific Railroad agent, wife and Ave chil
E. S. Chinery, New York, purser Yu
kon River steamer White Horse.
H. F. Robinson, Dawson.
Captain J. Alexander and wife, owner
and manager of Engineer mine, of
Wlndyarm, B. C.
J. A. Segbers and wife, Dawson, pro
prietors Yukonla Hotel.
(Concluded on Pag 4. Column -4.)
devoting almost his undivided energies
to selective service duties:
I consider Mr. Wilson's action- an
insult. I see no occasion whatever for
his act. ' It looks as though' he were
taking advantage of the present situa
tion to aid a political cause. We Re
publicans who have sons fighting 'over
there' have been thinking this our
cause as much as Mr. Wilson's or the
Democratic party's. -I read the reply
of the Republican leaders in Congress
and heartily indorse every word they
Oregoaj Republicans Stirred.
Thomas H. Tongue, Jr- chairman Re
publican State Central Committee, is
sued a pointed statement for the party,
"Heretofore every resident of this
state has been so interested in the
war that he has. not had time for pol
itics. Besides, Republicans took the
President at his word when he said
'Politics is Adjourned,' and have been
conducting a quiet, clean, Inexpensive
and inoffensive campaign. The Presi
dent's message comes as a bomb and
Thirty-two Thousand Persons -Balk
When Germans Issne Edict;
Refugees Reach Holland.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 26. Thirty-two
thousand civilians, despite the order of
the Germans, have refused to evacuate
the city of Tournal, which is being ap
proached by the British forces, ac
cording to ' advices received tonisht
from Rotterdam by the commission for
relief In Belgium. Special trains pu
at their disposal by the Germans were
unable to leave for lack of passengers.
'- Six thousand Belgian refugees have
so far reached Holland, the dispatch
Reports from Brussels say difficulty
is being experienced in housing rofu
gees from other parts of Belgium and
many are suffering from exposure and
Peace Move Is Held to Be
Made in Good Faith.
BEFORE HUNS LEAVE
SOLVAY CHEMICAIi WORKS IS
RAZED BY GERMAN'S.
LUDENDORFF RESIGNS JOB
Quartermaster-General of German
Army Retires From Post.
COPENHAGEN, Oct. 26. General Lu-
dendorff. First Quartermaster-General
of the German army, has resigned.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
(Concluded on Page 8, Column 1.)
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature,
decrees; minimum. 41! degrees.
TODAY'S Rain, southerly winds.
Prisoner recently released la Germany says
Teutons are truly humble now. section
1. page 1. .
French make bic advance on Oise-Serre
front. Section x, page I.
Tournal inhabitants refuse to trult city as
British near. Section 1, page 1.
Huns wreck Zeebrugge. Section 1, page 1.
Italians continue to- gain. Section 1, page 8.
Americans hold all gains. Section 1, page 3.
Uutis begin to crack under Foch's blows.
Section 3 page u.
Germans alarmed over solvency of empire.
Section 1. page 2.
Hungary reported in state of anarchy. Sec
tion. 1. page -.
Express rates will be advanced to yield
'J4,0W,0W more, section a. page .
Sensational peace rumors come from Eu
rope. Section 1. page o.
Inefficiency and waste at National capital
charged. Section 3 page a.
Oppressed of Middle Europe tfeclare their
independence. . section i, page .
Eastern press stirred by Wilson's appeal to
voters. Section 1. page 9.
Steamer Princess Sophia lost with 343 Uvea
Section 1, page 1 .
Fifty-three ennvtcts have fted stats prison
ln two years;, a only lost, accuon ,
page 7. . .
Students at Cor vail is learn Army technique,
section a, page l.
Influenza fight at Eugene is success. Sec-
tlon i, page 1.
List of Sophia passengers sent from Skag
way. Section i, page 1.
Idaho politics ln state of confusion. Sec
tion 1, page T.
Tracey says demand of fighters are out of j
reason. section page a.
Multnomah Club team loses 7 to 0 at Camp I
Lewis. Section 2, page l.
Spruce teams tie, 7 to 7, behind Closed
doors, section z, page
Atlanta races establish new track records.
Section A page d.
California and Oregon to clash Thanksgiv
ing day. Section , page 4.
Football costs 10 cents at Camp Lewis. Sec
tion 2, page 2.
Commercial and Marine.
Increased wheat acreage being prepared In
Europe. Section 2. page la.
Wall-street market advances ' under leader
ship of rails. Section 2, page 15.
Two 8800-ton steel ferlghters launched at
local yards, section J., page lb.
- Portland and Vicinity.
President's appeal reacts in Oregon. Sec
tion 1, page 1.
;i Portland acts to curb influenza. Section
1. page 10.
Model cottage for housing company to go up
today. Section z, page .
'Brothers of Jesus" held by Government.
Section 2. page 4.
Representatives of Eastern Oregon cities urge
votes to4 give normal school section x,
Wilson Democrats decry Chamberlain. Sec
tion 1, page lo.
Nationals choose their candidates. Section
1. page 14.
Navy seeks 15,000 men monthly. Section 1,
All Portland ready for war work campaign.
Section 3, page 1.
Overseas gifts to leave November 15. Sec
tion 2, page 5.
Foe not whipped, declares Belgian. Section 1,
page 13. . .
Weather report, data and forecast. Page
10, section 1.
EX-PRISONER' GIVES VIEWS
Fear of Invasion Chief Actual
ing Teuton Motive.
DEFEAT HELD RECOGNIZED
Enemy People Said to Be Willing to
Accept Wilson's Terms In Order
to SaTe Their Homes.
(Henry C. Emery, formerly head of the
tariff commission and representative 01 ine
Guaranty Trust Company, of New York, and
who was captured by the Germans in the
Aland islands, wnne on me way irora in
land to Sweden, earlv in March, has arrived
in Copenhagen from Berlin.- His release
was obtained under the present regime on
the same day as Dr. Karl Liebnecht's. that
is, he was permitted to quit Berlin on that
day. Jle prepared tne lonowinK aiaiemem
at tne request of Arao uoscn-r leuroi, cone
spondent of the New York World. It ii
copyrighted by the Press Publishing- Com-
paujj and is published by arrangement.
BY HENRY C. EMERY.
COPENHAGEN. Oct. 25. (S p e c i a 1
Cable.) Only ona day out of Berlin,
after seven months in Germany, where.
in the last four months, I was at liberty
to spend my time in a study of the
German people in the throes of a tre
mendous political struggle. I have had
close-up view of what has lately
transpired in that country. As I was
permitted to depart at a moment when
my impressions might affect thought
concerning Germany and the vital ques
tions now awaiting solution, I hesitate
to give utterance to my views, and do
so only because I have just come from
the scene of most important action.
When arrested I spent six weeks in
regular concentration camp in a
dirty,' chilly dugout. .,' Then I was re
moved to Lauesburg; Poyierania, where
remained for two mouths. In June
was permitted to go to Berlin, where
During, the latter period the German
people underwent a change of heart.
ln the direction of democracy and
cei Of course, they were under the
compulsion of a military situation, but
it. must not be. supposed .that the rea
son for the whole liberal attitude in
Germany today is merely a trick, put
up to deceive' the allies into giving
peace. - The present attituae was iorcea.
Had that not -eea so, democratic Ger
many would never have had a hearing.
Military defeat was needed to give the
Liberal 'leaders ascendency over the
junkers. If Germany had kept on
winning, probably there never would
have been a democratic movement.
There had always been rather strong
opposition to military Germany, but it
Movement Began Last Summer.
Things lately witnessed apparently
began to happen following the discov-i
ery by Hindenburg and Ludendorff, in
the Summer, that they faced defeat
and must have peace. They tried to get
a Liberal Ministry which could arrange
an acceptable peace. The Liberal lead
ers refused to be used; the Reichstag
saw no reason why it should follow
this bidding, and so the choice of a
Chancellor fell on the Liberal Prince
Maximilian, who could get the Reichsta
When Maximilian made his first
peace tender public opinicn had not yet
awakened to the fact that it was a
move to prevent military disaster. It
was only after. President Wilson re
turned an answer and its sincerity was
recognized that' the ferman people
seemed to realize that on the whole ln
British Sailors Are Engaged in Blow
ing Vp Mines Which Foe
Strewed in Harbor.
WASHINGTON, Oct 26. Zeebrugge
is the picture of desolation, according
to dispatches received today at the
Belgian legation. The semaphore and
the buildings of the Compagnie Mari
time and the Solvay Chemical Works
are a heap of ruins. On the mole itself
all the buildings have been destroyed
and the system of railway tracks and
overhead cranes is cut of commission.
After the passage between the mole
and the shore had been partially closed
by a British submarine during the raid
of April 23, the Germans set up two
heavy guns, commanding the ap
proaches to the harbor. A great deal of
sand has drifted into the harbor be
tween the passage back of the mole and
the entrance to the Bruges canal,
where the wreck of the British cement
laden vessel, sunk in April, still is
lying. ' . ,
The only signs of life, the dispatch
says, were the loud reports, followed
by huge jets of water and dense clouds
of black smoke coming from the ex
plosions of the mines laid by the Ger
mans, which British sailors axe blow
The whole Belgian coast in the
icinity of Zeebrugge bad been trans
formed into a series of fortifications
bristling with guns, wire defenses and
storage depots, connected by a rail
way. The celebrated seashore prome
nade is broken up by trenches and
protected shelters of machine guns and
The roads are in fairly good con
dition, but all bridges and locks were
destroyed by the Germans in their
precipitate retreat before the irresisti
ble dash of the Belgian troops.
CM III Bt 111
Big Advance Made; 2300
Prisoners Are Taken.
MIG SCORES VITAL GAINS
LeQuesnoy About to Fall and
Flanking of Valenciennes
Makes More Progress,
U. S. BOYS POUND FORWARD
Americans East and West of
Valenciennes Seems Aban
doned by Germans.
CAPTAIN BACK PRISONER
Wounded Officer Sow Reported
Captured by Germans.
VANCOUVER, Wash., Oct. 26. (Spe
cial.) That Captain Roscius H. Back is
wounded and has been captured by the
Germans is the information contained
in a letter to his father. Judge R. H.
Back, of ithe Superior Court of Clarke
County, in a letter from Dr. R. S. Stry
ker, now In France, but formerly in
practice at Ridgefield, this county.
In the letter Dr. Stryker said he saw
an item in the Paris edition of the New
York Herald saying Captain Back had
been wounded seriously, and was cap
tured by Germans. . Judge Back has no
official word from the Government as
to the authenticity cf this report, but
It may be true. . .
Captain. Back is in a machine gun
company and was seriously wounaea
nee before this year, and was reported
as having been killed. However, he
was in a hospital, and when he learned
was reported dead, he cabled to an
Uncle in Connecticut, saying he was
alive and recovering from wounds.
Later, he wrote to his father.
HUN TO SEND NEW NOTE
German Government Will Point Out
Changes in Constitution.
COPENHAGEN, Oct. 26. The Berlin
Lokal Anzeiger says that a new note
will be sent by Germany to President
Wilson as soon as possible.
A crown council, under the presi
dency of the Emperor, lasting reveral
hours, reached this decision Friday.
The note, it is asserted, will point
out the changes which have taken
place in the German constitution.
HUN STATUE TO BE MELTED
(Concluded on Page 2. Column 2.)
Bronze Bismarck Will Bo Used in
' NEW YORK, Oct. 26. The New York
"metal market," which exchanges war
savings stamps for metal of all kinds,
received today a bronze statue of Bis
marck. It will be melted down for use in the
I manufacture of cannon.
WITH THE BRITISH ARMY Iff
FRANCE AND BELGIUM, Oct 26.-.
(ay the Associated Press, 11 P. M.)
Heavy enemy counter attacks on the
British right in the vicinity of Mount
Carmel have forced a slight with
drawal by the British.
PARIS, Oct. 26. The French troops
fighting between the Oise and the
Serre have made an extended advance
eastward, occupying numerous vil
lages, according to the' War Office an
nouncement tonight Twenty - three
hundred prisoners have been captured
in the operations between Sissonne
and Chateau Porcien.
BRITISH HEADQUARTERS IN
FRANCE, Oct. 26 (Reuter's.)
British infantry moving along the
railway northwest of Le Quesnoy have
failed to detect any evidence of Ger
mans m the town of Valenciennes.
Cavalry patrols are cautiously moving
forward reconnoitering the country.
By the Associated Press.
Germany's hard-pressed soldiers get
no rest as the British, French and
American forces continue with success
their drives on important sectors from
north of Valeniiennes to east of the
Meuse. Meanwhile the Italians are
pushing ahead in the region of Monte
On the northern end of the front in
France, the British maintain their
progress in encircling Valenciennes.
In the center the French have shaken
seriously the German defenses along
the Serre and eastward toward the
Aisne at Chateau Porcien. The Amer
ican troops . east and west of the
Meuse not only hold their gain3 against
strong enemy reactions, but have
further strengthened their position
nc.th of Grand Pre.
Le Quesnoy's Capture Near.
South of Valenciennes Field Mar
shal Haig is across the Valenciennes
Le Quesnoy railroad and the fall of
Le Quesnoy, which is vital to the de
fense of Mons and Maubeuge, would
appear to be near at hand. The fight
ing on this sector continues bitter with
the British striving to outflank the
Mcrmal forest On the northwest of
the forest the 3ritish have advanced
somewhat and captured Englefontaine
(Concluded on Page 4. Column 1.)
"FLU." POLITICS. WAR AND WEATHER LEND INSPIRATION FOR r.EYNOLDS' PICTORIAL NEWS REVIEW.
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