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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
PORTLAND, OREG6N, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 20, 1918.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. I, VIII. NO. 43.
GO OVER III
Huge Bond Issue Absorbed
by 20 Million People.
U. S. Citizens, Foreign Sub
jects, Interned Enemies
on Roll of Buyers.
TWO DISTRICTS EXCEED QUOTA
Definite Figures on Results of
Campaign Not Due' for
WASHINGTON. (Jet. 19. Orer
subscription of the fourth liberty loan
seemed assured tonight when the three
Weeks' campaign closed.
While official reports were lacking,
it appeared that again the American
people have given not only what was
asked but more to carry the war to
a successful conclusion. '
Indications are that the number of
individual subscribers will far exceed
twenty million, and break all records
for distribution of war bonds for
either this Nation or any other.
Big Lump Sums Expected.
How far the total will run above
the $6,000,000,000 goal officials would
not attempt to estimate.
It all depends, they said, on whether
big financial interests at the last mo
ment filed the big lump. sum subscrip
tions expected of them, and whether
the number of mall subscriptions by
individuals is found to meet expec
New subscriptions entered during
the last day and those made effective
by payment of the li) per cent install
ment. probably will amount to a bil
lion and a half dollars. Before busi
ness opened this morning $4,599,718,-
450 had been officially reported.
New Subscribers Numerous.
For the next five days banks will be
busy adding up subscriptions. Reports
and payments then must be made to
Federal Reserve banks, which are ex
pected to take at least five days more
to report to the Treasury.
The honor roll of buyers will include
many who have not participated in the
first, second or third loans. It will
number subjects of other governments,
neutral and belligerent, throughout
the world. Germans interned in this
country and others whose sympathy is
not with their native land will be en
rolled. Banks Big Factor in Loan.
A large part of the $6,000,000,000
will be paid to Government account by
banks through which subscriptions
were arranged by individuals. The in
dividual subscribers then will take ten
months in which to repay the banks.
According to official figures to
night, only the St. Louis and Minne
apolis districts had exceeded their
Conrlu1l on Pajc. 2. Column l.) I
t : ' . . . . - "Tj
..................... .......a........... ....... ..............a......s.....is... .-
PEACE NOTE COMING,
SAY SWISS ADVICES
WASHINGTON ' -HEARS U-BOAT
Germany May Be Trying to Weaken
Allied Position and Win Peace
BASEL. Oct. 1 The nawn ( Ger
ar . President Wll.o.'s laat mots
will ikaklr be published Suaday
AMSTERDAM. Oct. IB. The dispatch
t Gtrauirl aote haa beea delayed,
marred at the rlrveath h.ur, accord'
laa ta Bcrlta dispatches.
It la aald that Gcnaaay will snake a
very roadllatory - after rvffardlas; the
aaapcaaloa f aabatarlae warfare, and
probably will recall coadltloaally all
WASHINGTON. Oct. 19. Beyond dis
patches from Switzerland saying- the
new German note would be dispatched
tonight, the State Department had no
intimation of the time or the nature of
the German response.
Officials heard without comment the
report that Germany would accept
President Wilson's conditions "gener
ally," with a reservation that subma
rine warfare must continue to the end
of the war.
About the State Department this was
regarded as an indication that the Ber
lin government, without conceding the
surrender that it has been told must
precede an armistice, would seek to
continue diplomatic discusslo- in the
hope of eventually weakening the po
sition of her enemies and winning a ne
It was reiterated that only a com
plete acceptance would satisfy the
United States and the allies, and that
an effort by the Germans to evade
probably would cause the President
promptly to refuse to continue corre
If t - report is true that the new
note would contain a defense of sub
marine warfare as a retaliatory meas
ure the prospect was seen of an at
tempt to reopen this whole question
the question which brought the United
Slates into thi war.
Such an attempt would be "regarded
here simply as another evidence of the
failure of the Germans to understand
or acknowledge the basis of the Amer
ican objection to their kind of warfare
GIRL GRIEVES FOR FATHER
Daughter of I-ato Larry Sullivan
Found at Crave at Midnight.
Grlef-atrir-ken, Winnie Sullivan,
daughter of the late Larry Sullivan,
waa found beside the grave of her
father In Mount Calvary Cemetery at
midnight Friday by Inspector Crad
dock. Her broiher reported to the Inspec
tors late Friday that his slater ' had
mysteriously disappeared. He believed
that she was 'mourning over the death
of ber father. It was reported that
she had been In the habit of disappear
Irg mysteriously at nitrht.
Acting upoa this information. In
spector Craddock went to the cemetery
and found the girl beside her father's
grave. She was finally persuaded to go
home in company with her brother and
COW HIDDEN FOUR YEARS
LONDON, OcL 19. The Daily Mall's
correspondent tells this incident about
the deliverance of Lille:
"What la said to be the 'supreme feat
of the war at Lille' was the successful
concealment of a cow for four -whole
years. This cow la now being decorated
to meet the British troops." .
10,000 U. S. PLANES BUILT
General March Tells of Progress, in
WASHINGTON. ' Oct. IS. General
March told Senators today that this
Government already haa constructed
10.000 airplanes, most of them De Havl-lnn.is.
PICTORIAL SIDELIGHTS BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS ON SOME OTTTST
WILSON TO AUSTRIA
Czechs and Jugo Slavs
Must Be Free First.
10TH PEACE CONDITION CITED
Mere Autonomy of Peoples No
v Longer Acceptable.
NOTE CHEERED IN HOUSE
Foreign Relations Committee Mem
bers Voice Approval of Presi
dent's Latest Move.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 19. On the eve,
apparently, of the receipt of another
peace note from Germany. President
Wilson has rejected the plea of Austria-Hungary
for an armistice and
peace negotiations, and in doing so has
made clear the conditions which the
central powers must meet to end the
In a note written yestenday and
made public soon after it was well on
the way to Vienna today, the President,
In effect, says there can be no talk
of peace with the Austro-Hungarian
government except upon the basis of
complete liberty for Ci echo-Slovaks
and other subject nationalities as free
members of the family of nations.
Military Isaaea ITatenrhed.
He refuses to entertain the Austro-
Hungarian suggestion for this reason,
without discussing the military ques
tions dealt with In the reply to Ger
many. The Vienna government asked for
negotiations on the basis of the Pres
ident's announced, programme of peace,
mentioning the speech of January 8
last, in which the President said the
peoples of Auptrla-Hungary should be
accorded the freest opportunity fee
The reply says thla Is Impossible
at the Cajcho-Iovak National Coun
cil haa been recognised aa a de facto
belligerent government, the Justice ot
the nationalistic aspirations of the
Jugo-Slavs; haa been reeog-nlzed.: and
mere autonomy no longer can be ac
cepted. t .
Prea-raaisse Made Clear.
This declaration, which may be far
reaching In Its effect on Austria- Hun
gary, where long-enslaved peoplea are
apparently nearly ready to sweep away
the hated- dual monarchy and the Haps
burg dynasty, clears up what Some crit
ics of the President's policy have point
ed to 4s a source of endless contro
versy in his programme of peace.
It cornea one day after the proclama
tion of Emperor Charles federalizing
the Austrian states in a desperate ef
fort to save his government and at the
same time prepare the way for peace.
Though not mentioned by name, the
Poles, Roumanians and members of
other distinct races held under Austrian
dom'.r,ation come within the protection
ot the principle of self-determination
to which America and the allies are
Hepee Sure t. Be Realised.
The Austrian Poles want to join the
independent Poland: the Austrian Rou
manians long for reunion with Ron
mania, and there is no doubt here that
their hopes will be fulfilled when the
peace conference is held.
President Wilson's reply to the Aus
trian note, was read in the House and
applauded vigorously by the 50 mem
bers who were In their seats.
The President's note was read to
members of the Senate . military com
mittee today aa they left their weekly
conference at the War Department.
(Concluded on Page 5, Column 3.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
THE WEATHER. :
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 66
degrees; minimum temperature, 53 de
grees. TODAY'S Generally fair; westerly winds.
General March reviews war situation. Sec
tion 1. page 1.
German atrocities show decrease. Section 1,
French take ground despite heavy fire. Sec
tion 1, page 2.
Yankees, fresh from U. S., rout Huns. Sec
tion 1, page 2.
Huns increase opposition to Americans.
Section 1, page 4.
Official casualty list. Section 1, page 7.
Allies continue' advance. Section 1, page X.
Allied forces in Russia suffer reverse. Sec
tion. 1. page 8.
Jugo-Slavv Aroused by Serb victories. Sec
tion 1. page 4.
German reply reported ready. Section 1,
Boche press wails for allies to quit. Section
-i. page s.
Wilson denies armistice to Austria. Section
1. page L
Washington hears report Germany soon to
sena peace note. Section 1, page 1.
Loan believed to be oversubscribed. Section
I, page 1.
Budget places expenses of state Institu
tions at :.52y,l-- for year. Section 1.
Idaho Non-Partisans -arrested on disloyalty
charges. Section 1. page 9.
Spanish "Flu" stars in local gridiron circles.
section 2. page 1.
School league to make up schedule. Section
Old-time gun wins laurels for Frank Troeh.
Section 2, page 2.
Oscar Koch, Camp Lewis heavyweight,
wants to fight here. Section 2. page 2.
Btandlfer teams to clash in practice game
today. Section 2, page S.
Georgia Tech's veteran coach expects an
. other great team and year. Section 2,
Al Bartholemy keeping in form across pond.
Section 2, page 3.
Commercial and Marine.
Merchants' Exchange protests against abuses
ot jaslern gram trade. Section 2. page
Evening up of corn trades unsettles Chi
cago market. Section 2, page 14.
Abrupt - decline In stock prices In closing
hour. Section 2. page 14.
Port facilities require $3,000,000. Section 1,
Portland and Vicinity.
Last-minute liberty loan spurt brings In
Sl.jOo.ooO. Section 1. page 6.
Portland housing programme still delayed.
section 1, page IX
Candidates appeal for legal decision. Sec
tion 1. page 6.
Red Cross survey for nurses begun. Sec
tion 1, page 11. .
Wealthy Indiana man held draft evader In
County jail. Section 1, page 13.
New .cases of Influenza show decrease, elec
tion 1, page 13.
Non-support arrests reduced since Miss
1. ydia O'Bryan took charge of depart
ment. Section 1, page 10.
Weather report, data and forecast. SecUon
2. page 14.
STUDENTS TO WEAR MASKS
Cat:fornisr.UnivirMr-Takes Step to
BERKELEY, CaL, Oct. 19. Several
thousand students and members of the
faculty at the University of California
were ordered today by President Ben
jamin Ida Wheeler , to wear gauze
matikfl as a precautionary measure in
preventing the spread of Spanish in
fluenza. Seven thousand masks are being
made by the university unit of the
American Red Cross.
LILLE STATUE DECORATED
Laurel Wreath in Paris Square Com-
memorates Liberation of City.
PARIS. Friday. Oct. 18. The Earl of
Derby, the British Ambassador, in the
name of Great Britain, today placed a
laurel wreath on the Lille statue In the
Place de La Concorde, commemorating
the liberation of Lille by the British
The wreath was decorated' with the
colors of France and Great Britain and
bore the inscription:
"Homage to the valiant martyr city
DR. F.F.WESBROOK SINKING
Death of President of University of
British Columbia Hourly Expected.
VANCOUVER. B. "C, Oct. 19. Physi
cians said today Dr. F. F. Weebrook.
president of the University of British
Columbia here, could not live until to
nlKht. He has been seriously ill several
Huns Expected to Try to
Stand Before Long.
250-MILE FRONT IN MOTION
General March Sees Menace
to Foe in Haig's Thrust.
MEUSE FRONT IS WATCHED
Military Experts Expect Renewed
Drive by French and Americans
in Direction of Sedan.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 19. The German
retreat from Belgium continued today
at a rate that Indicated early arrival
of the allied forces before the first of
the enemy's series of defense lines. Re
ports from the front were of a scatter
ing character, however, and furnished
officers here with little basis for gaug
ing the immediate strategic situation.
One unofficial report placed the
Anglo-American advance patrols in the
western edge of the forest of Mormal.
between Valenciennes and Avesnes. If
this is correct, the first subsidiary line
of the enemy has already been broken.
Defense Line Reached.
General March referred to this situ
ation today in his weekly conference,
;"From Le Cateau northward the Brit
ish have reached, but have not yet at
tempted to cross, the German defense
line which there follows the east bank
of the Selle River, up to the Senses
The situation along the front was In
such a state of flux shifting every hour
with the German withdrawal gaining in
speed, that General March made no
effort to outline the strategic possi
bilities. He did, however, call attention
to the fact that the withdrawal had ex
panded to cover practically the whole
250-mile front from the coast to the
Mouse, .where General Pershing's forces
are -carrying forward the .allied r!gr
wing. . -v- ,
Hnlt Will Be Tempvrary.
If the German commanders are suc
cessful in halting their retreat on the
expected defensive ' line, officers here
believe that the enemy cannot long re
main in that position. The Anglo-American
thrust already appears to have
fractured the keystone of the Ghent-Valencinnes-Avesnes
arch at Mormal
There is much speculation here, how
ever, as to whether the enemy will be
able to stop- the tide of retreat he has
started, now that it is in full swing.
The whole enemy line from the Oise
north is in a fluid state. Observers
believe it will be a difficult matter to
solidify it again if allied pressure can
keep pace with tne retreat.
Franco-Yanka Are Watching;.
To some officers it seems likely that
a pause will soon occur in Belgium and
on the northern half of the great bat
tle front. They are watching intently,
however, for a new thrust by the
American and Franco-American force
east and west of the Meuse, who per
haps are holding the key to the whole
enemy front, whatever plans for grad
ual withdrawal to the German frontier
have been made.
It is pointed out that while many
intermediate lines have been indicated
as possible defense positions in the
northern battle area, all reports have
agreed upon the Mezieres-Sedan-Metz
front as the only defense position in
the field before the French and Amer
icans on both sides of the Meuse.
Major-General Liggett's American first
Army is already within 13 miles of
There Is good reason to expect a
Concludd on Page 2, Column 2.)
A Nnrvn p.inrAt'rq rxr tt
T CAINS ID
PRESSURE IS PUT ON
GERMAN WAR LORDS
SEW GOVERNMENT ATTEMPTS
TO HALT ATROCITIES.
Evacuation of Territories Now Less
Brutal; Inhabitants No Long
er Are Deported.
LONDON, .Oct. 19. (Special.) The
new German government is attempt
ing to force the military authorities
to comply with the demands of Presi
dent Wilson regarding evacuation of
territory. . .
The army is no longer destroying the
villages and most of the inhabitants
are being allowed to remain in their
homes, though many have fled east
ward, fearing bombardment.
Bridges and roads are still being
mined by the enemy, but under - the
rules of warfare this is permissible.
Perhaps the German government in
tends to eliminate unnecessary violence
in the conduct of the war with the view
of smoothing over past outrages.
An uncorroborated Dutch report says
that the. Germans have greatly re
stricted their submarine warfare but
this may be explained by the loss of
the Flanders bases and the bad weather
However, all signs point to reforms
In German fighting methods and the
Government is apparently able to en
force Its will on the army leaders.
PARIS, Oct. 19. (8 P. M.) The allied
armlee have reached the Dutch frontier.
LOXDON, Oct. IS, 2:10 P. M. Allied
forces have captured the whole of the
Belgian coast, according to Information
received by the Evening JS'enrs. The
allied line now extends from a position
on the Dutch coast to the east of
Bruges and to the south of Courtral.
AMSTERDAM, Oct. 10. British troops
have entered the Belgian town of
Eeeloo, according- to a dispatch from
Sluls to the Telegraaf. Six thousand
Germans have been shut in against the
LONDON, Oct. 19. Many German col
umns with numerous guns and automo
biles traveling eastward are passing
Sluts, n town on the Holland frontier
10 mile northeast of Bruges. German
sentinels have abandoned their posts
en the canal at Sluia.
AMSTERD 1M, Oct. 19 British troops
are approaching Sluts, on the Dutch
frontier. 10 miles northeast of Bruaes.
... i i n't.
mana eontinue to retire toward Ghent,
LONDON'. Oct 10, 1 P.' M. By the
Associated Pre.) The Germans were
till holding the outskirts of Zeebrugge
thla morning although the Belgian
forces In their eastward advance had
reached the Zebrugge-Bruges Cannl.
Kield Marshal Haig's forces not only
forced the Mareq River, bat they ad
vanced between this , point and the
River Scarp. Here the British reached
a line virtually level with their line
oath of the River Scarpe.
LONDON, Oct. 19. Refugees arriving
in Holland from Belgium report that a
number of ships on the Eccloo Canal
carrying German officers and war ma
terial were shot to pieces and sunk
with all on board by Belgian troops on
Friday afternoon, says a dispatch from
Amsterdam to the Exchange Telegraph.
The German, troops, according to the
refugees, are retreating toward Ghent
WITH THE BRITISH FORCES IN
FRANCE, Oct. 19. (Havas.) During
the last 15 days of their occupation of
Lille the Germans took away into cap
tivity 15,000 of the inhabitants of the
WASHINGTON,' Oct. 19. British pa
trols participating In the allied advance
In... Belgium are reported to have
reached the Holland frontier, opposite
Bruges, General March was Informed in
today'a eirly dispatches.
Australian General Entertained.
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 19. --Major-General
Sir Neville R. Howse, Surgeon
General of the Australian imperial
forces, together with a party of dis
tincruished Australians, is being enter
tained here today.
ALLIES DASH HARD
Dutch Border Reached and
Una Swings East
Brussels Is Being Evacuated
by Germans and Entente '
Forces Press Pursuit.
LILLE SALIENT VANISHES
British Move Forward Along
Broad Front and French
and Yanks Also Gain.
By the Associated Press.
Allied troops on a front of more
than 120 miles from the North Sea to
the Oise are pressing closely the re
tiring Germans. The enemy is given
no rest and may have difficulty in
holding his supposedly prepared lines
when they are reached.
On the north the allies are approach
ing Ghent, French cavalry being re-,
ported in the city's environs; in the
center the British are marching on
Tournai, while the British, French
and Americans north of the Oise are
threatening the important railway
lines south of Valenciennes. In the
Argonne west of the Meuse the Amer
icans have improved their positions
Huns Escape Cut Off.
i. Unofficial reports are that the Bel
gian coast has been cleared com
pletely and that 6000 German troops
have been caught between the ad
vancing allies, the Dutch border and
the North Sea. Allied troops are re
ported near Eecloo, 15 miles east of
Bruges and the sijiie distance north
west of Ghent, and also are approach
ing the Dutch frontier near Sluis. The
allied troops- in Flanders have re
gained 800 square miles of territory
in the last four days.
Between Bruges and Courtrai the
main resistance is somewhat stiffer
than further north, but south of Cour
trai the British are advancing rapidly
from the Douai-Lille line. The Marcq
River has been crossed east of Lille
and the town of Chereng, eight miles
west of the important junction of
Tournai, taken. From Chereng, south
west to east of Douai the British have
pressed forward nearly eight miles on
a 30-mile front in three days.
Wedge Is Widened.
South of Valencennies the British,
American and French forces are
widenir.g the wedge driven into the
German defenses and have forced the
enemy behind the Sambre Canal on a
wide front west of the important rail
way center of Guise.
The Selle has been crossed in force
southeast of Cambrai and the British
are approaching the formidable ob
stacle of the forest of Mormal, guard
ir.g the Valenciennet-Avesnes railroad,
f Concluded on Page 3, Column 1.)