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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
Pages 1 to 18
VOL. "XXXVII NO. 41.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 13, 1918.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Evacuation of All Occupied
Areas Agreed to.
MIXED COMMISSION ASKED
Chancellor Says He Speaks in
Name of Both Govern- -ment
PEACE IS FAR FROM ASSURED
Wireless Message Bringing
Max' Note Reaches Pub
lic Before Wilson.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 12. Ger
many's reply to President Wilson's
inquiry, intercepted as it was being
sent by the great wireless towers at
Nauen and forwarded here tonight
in an official dispatch from France,
declares Germany is ready to accept
President Wilson's peace terms, evacu
ate the invaded territory 'as a pre
requisite to an armistice, and that the
bid for peace represents the German
people as well as the government. -.
Important Question Raised.
Conceding that possibly the pro
posal for an armistice might be ac
cepted and that the German acceptance
of President Wilson's peace terms
might be satisfactory, the question, in
the opinion of officials, and diplomats
here would center in "who is the pres
ent German government?'' -
If the present German government
is the government of , Hohenzollern,
there seems no doubt here that the
German reply will.be unacceptable.
Text of German Note.
The text of the -note follows:
"In reply to the questions of the
President of the United States of
America, the German government
"The German government has ac
cepted the terms laid down by Presi
dent Wilson in his address of January
8 and in his subsequent addresses on
the foundation of a permanent peace
of justice Consequently, its object
in entering into discussions would be
only to agree upon practical details
of the application of these terms.
Evacuation Terms Accepted.
"The German government believes
that the governments of the powers
associated with the government of the
United States also take the position
taken by President Wilson in his ad
dress. "The German government, in. -accordance
with the Austro-Hungarian
government, for the purpose of bring
ing about an armistice, declares itself
ready to comply with the propositions
of the President in regard to evacua
Mixed Commission Suggested.
"The German government suggests
that the President may occasion the
meeting of a mixed commission for
making the necessary arrangements
concerning the evacuation. .
"The present German ' government,
which has undertaken the responsibil
ity for this step towards peace, has
been formed by conferences and' in
agreement with the great majority
of .the Reichstag.
Majority Support Claimed.
"The Chancellor, supported in all of
his actions by the will of his majority,
speaks in the name of the German
government and of the German peo-4
"Berlin, October 12, 1918.
"State Secretary of Foreign Office."
Although on its face the text of the
German note1 seems to be a complete
acceptance of- President "Wilson's
terms, the people of the United States
and the allied countries should be
cautioned against accepting it as such
a compliance of the President's de
mands as will mean immediate cessa
tion of hostilities.
Grave Danger Pointed Out. -
The greatest danger facing the neo
pie of the United States, officials said
here tonight, wast that they might
hastily consider Oermany s proposition
as the unconditional surrender which
the co-belligerents demand, and relax
their efforts to continue the victories at
arms and carry over the fourth liberty
On every side, in official quarters, it
was Ftated that this view of the situ
ation could not be placed before the
public too strongly.
As President Wilson was in New
tConcludcd on rage 1. Column 1.)
HUNS OMIT TO PLEAD
FOR TURKS IN REPLY
IMPLICATION IS THAT TURKEY
IS NO LONGER BOCHE ALLY.
London Suspicious of German An
swer and Press Sees Need of
Getting Suitable Guarantees.
LONDON, Oct. 12, (By the Associat
ed Press.) tjermany's rply to Presi
dent Wilson apparently gives one
statement of neA It associates Aus- I
tro-Hungary,.but not Turkey, with the
German government. The implication
seems to be that unless the German
Secretary for Foreign Affairs has writ
ten the message with unusual haste,
Turkey is no longer Germany's ally.
The phrase "to agree upon practical
details of the application of these
terms" is on its face a straight reply to
President Wilson. It was not unex
pected here, but is likely to be regard
ed with suspicion. English papers have
said that a conference based on' such a
formula may be considered by the Ger
mans to mean an extended debate. -
Some of the most important German
papers, in latest quotations cabled from
Holland; persist in using the word
"compromise" with reference to the
application of the President's princi
ples. ' '
But the feeling n London is that it
will be hard for the allied armies to
hold their hand in the hour of seeming
"Unconditional surrender" is the
watchword much more appealing to
the British people in this hour than
any commission to arrange for evacua
tion. Events in the last week, particu
larly the sinking of the Leinster,
have steeled British 'hearts against a
"There is a strong belief here, voiced
even by the compromising' papers, that
there are yet two powers in Germany
one power of the new government, the
other of the army, and that it is not
yet decided which is .supreme.
Germany's' acceptance of President
Wilson's terms in no wise means that
her acceptance will be met by Great
Britain and France. The restoration of
"ship for ship" from the German mer
cantile marine for all submarine losses
is a British principle which apparently
is accepted by all the British people.
Commenting on the reply, the Sunday
"The first issue for us is the mari
time question. We ought to insist that
the German submarine campaign should
now be marked out for special treat
ment in immediate connection with any
peace preliminary. If any military
armistice is accompanied by concrete
guarantees, so must a naval armistice.
We ought to insist, before there can
be any suspension of hostilities, that
the German submarines shall be. sur
rendered to the allies and America."
News of the World says:
"Any cessation of military operation
at this stage would compromise all our
military success. They will not enjoy
such a. respite. Foch and his gallant
armies,' now hot in pursuit of the en
emy, are not to be thus easily cheated
out of the fruits of their splendid vic
DRUG ADDICTS ARE FEW
Only 403. Men Rejected From Army
Out of Nearly Million Men.
WASHINGTON, ' Oct. 12. Reports
that millions of, persons in the United
States are drug addicts and that many
men called Jn the draft develop the
drug habit to avoid military service
were denied today by the military in
telligence branch of the War Depart
Records of the Surgeon-General
show, it was stated, that of 996,692
men examined for the National Army
up to December SI, 1917. only 403 were
rejected for being drug addicts, and
that only 76 men have been discharged
for that reason. I
POTATO BALLS VALUABLE
Seed Is Worth $2 0 Per Ounce and
New York Firms Want Supplies.
ABERDEEN; Wash.. Oct. 12. (Spe
cial.) Save the potato balls is the ad
vice, of Samuel Benn, founder of Aber
deen. The seed ia worth J 20 an ounce,
according to Mr. Benn.'
The large seed dealers say that the
system - practiced for many years of
cutting up the potatoes for seed has
resulted in running out The seed, -and
that in .' time, unless the seed balls
are saved, there will be no potatoes.
Mr. 'Benn has been asked by a New
York seed firm to interest others in
doing likewise, stating that a round
price will be paid for all sent.
SEGREGATION PLAN ISSUED
Swift & Co. and Llbby, McNeill &
Libby to Be Separated.
CHICAGO. Oct. 12.' Swift Co. made
public today the plan by which Libby.
McNeill & Libby, owned by Swift &
Co. and conducting the canning busi
ness of the firm, will be segregated.
Each shareholder of Swift tc Co. of
record October 26, lsla, will have the
right to exchange one-tenth of his
shares of Swift & Co. capital stock for
as many shares of Libby, McNeill &
Libby capital stock as he owned shares
of Swift & Co.. stock of record Octo
ber 26,. 191S.
PASTORS TO GIVE PRAYER
Vancouver Churches Closed Because
of Influenza Epidemic.
VANCOUVER, Wash.. Oct. 12. (Spe
cial.) While all of the churches in
Vancouver will be closed to the public
tomorrow, the ministers will go to their
respective churches at the regular hour
and there offer prayer for their congre
They request that 'members of all
churches observe the hours of service
in their own homes.
OF NOTE AMAZING
Wilson Ignored in Delivery
of Max' Message. '.
U. S. PUBLIC GETS REPLY FIRST
President Receives News
Through Unofficial Sources.
ALL PRECEDENTS SMASHED
Executive Displays Intense Interest
as He Heads Copy of German
Answer at Sew York.
NEW YORK, Oct. 12. Seated tonight
in a grand-tier box at the Metropolitan
Opera House. President Wilson received
from the Associated Press the unoffi
cial text of the most momentous diplo
matic note la the history of the world.
. Through Secretary Tumulty he an
nounced that he would have no com
ment to make.
Publication of the German reply to
the President's inquiries as to its will
ingness to accept all the terms he pre
viously had enunciated and to evacuate
all occupied territory, came as a com
The way in which the 'wireless dis
patch of such tremendous purport sent
out from the German station at Nauen
was made public, shattered all diplo
President Not Imfarnrd.
The text reached New York only a
shore time before Mr. Wilson and his
party left the Waldorf-Astoria to at
tend the concert at the Metropolitan
for the benefit of blinded Italian sol
diers. The natural assumption was
that it previously had been communi
cated to the President.
As a matter of precaution, however,
the Associated Press sent over its spe
cial wire to the opera house an in
quiry to Secretary Tumulty as to
whether Mr. Wilson had been informed
of the German reply.
Mr. Tumulty showed plainly his
amazement and replied that Mr. Wilson-had
hot seen the; note, and the sec
retary requested that the text be tele
graphed to hrm at once
tie announced,- however. that the
President could not Indicate -in, the
slightest degree what his answer would
be until he . had opportunity to study
the official text.
'tense Interest Shown. i
The reply was sent immediately to
the box where the President was seat
ed with Colonel E. M. House, his close
(Concluded on Pare 3, Column 1.)
TEXT OF ALL NOTES IN PEACE CORRESPONDENCE
THE GERMAN PROPOSAL.
(Received October 6.)
" 'Mr. President: . I have the
honor to present herewith upon in
structions from' my government,
the original text of a communica
tion from the German government,
received"by this legation late this
afternoon from the Swiss Foreign
"An English translation of this
communication is also enclosed; the
Oerman original text, however, is
alone to be considered as authorita
"Please accept, Mr. President, the
assurances of my highest consid
eration. "(Signed.) F. OEDERLIN,
"Charge d'Affairs, A. I.,
J - of Switzerland.
"In charge of German interests
4 in the United States.
t "Mr, Woodrow Wilson, President
! of the United States, Washing-
J ton, r. C."
t Translation of the communica-
t tion from German government to
I the President of the United States,
I. as transmitted by the Charge d'Af-
fairs, A. I., of Switzerland, on Oc
, tober 6, 1918:
" The German government re
I quests the President of the United
States of America to take steps for
t the restoration of peace, to notify
all belligerents of this request and
J to invite them to delegate the plen-
ipotentiaries for the purpose of
taking up negotiations. .'
" 'The German government ac
cepts as a basis for the peace ne
gotiations the programme laid
down by the President of the
j United States in his message to
Congress of January 8, 1918, and
I in his subsequent pronouncements,
particularly in his address of Sep-
tember 27, 1918.
a " 'In order to avoid further blood
shed, the German government re
quests to bring about immediate
conclusion of a general armistice
on land, on water and in the air.
" MAX, Prince -of Baden,
" 'Imperial Chancellor.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S MaxImuVn temperature,
denrets; minimum, -5S degrees.
lODAl'S Pair: northwesterly winds.
Germany says ahe accepts . Wllaon's peace
term a. Section 1. page 1.
Germany amazes by publicity in note. Sec
tion 1. pace 1.
McAdoo declares for unconditional sur
render. Section 1, page 1.
Hun reply Impllea Turkey la no longer Bocne
any. section J. page l.
Hun front In Champagne crumbles. Section
Hals' drives east. Section 1. page 6.
Official casualty liat. Section 1, page T.
Huns admit reverses, section 1, page 2.
Bodies of 200 Otranto dead recovered. - Sec
tion 1. page 8.
Porto Rico auffera heavily from earthquake
and tidal- wave.' Section 1. page 3.
All children in Petrograd may die this Win
ter. Section 1, page 6.
Thousands of Jugo-Slavs from United State
now righting in Macedonia. Section 1.
President Wilson marches In'Hberty parade
at ew lork- Section 1. page 3.
Duluth region hit by huge forest fire. Sec.
tion 1, page 1.
Geddes predicts big U-boat drive. Section 1.
Pacific Northwest. - '
Frank R. Gooding continues fight In Idaho
against Non-Partisan League. Section 1.
State fair prize awards for children's Indus-
trial dlsplaya announced. Section 1,
Samuel Walker named Republican leader.
Section 1, pace lti.
WJnged-M and Aggie clash may be put off.
bectlon z, page 1.
Bthel and Klorcnce Knowlea Join Multnomah
Club ladies' swimming team. Section 2.
Fana busy picking favorites for Interachol
astic champ. . Section 2, page 2.
Multnomah Deals Oregon, 20 to 0. Section
2. page 8.
Oregon Aggies beat Barracks eleven. Section
2, page d.
Commercial and Marine.
Engineer due with Federal port data. Sec-
tion 2, page 14.
Farmers' market to extend acroas seas. See
tion 2, page 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
Comparison of-' two cities' electric rates
proves -confusing subject. Section 1,
Influenza epidemic wanes In Portland. Sec
tion 1. page 10. .
Mayor Baker asks public to comply with
spirit of health order.- Section 1. page 10.
Winners In liberty loan essay contest an
nounced. Section 1, page 12.
C. N. Wonacott. of Y. M. C. A., accepts po
sition with Presbyterian Church in New
York. Section 1. page 12.
Member of faculty -of Reed College writes
Interesting letter Irom France. Section
1. page 13.
Benson school men pu up 97000 building In
42 hours. Section 1. page 14.
Waahington authorises construction of 1000
cottages. ' Section 1. page IS..
Sane war measures aim of Legislature. Sec
tion 1, page 15.
Fix up old buildings to house workers, says
Mayor Baker. Section 1, page 17.
Instructlona given for housing survey. ' Sec
tion 1. page 17.
Weather report, data and foreeaat. Section
2, page 14.
PACIFIST CHOSEN PREMIER
Austrian Emperor Appoint Lam-
mason to Succeed Hussarrk.
ZURICH. Oct. 12. The Vosslsche Zel-
tung's Vienna correspondent fays Km
peror Charles has chosen Professor
Heinrich Zammasch, a pacifist and an
opponent of an alliance with Germany,
to succeed Baron von Hussarek In the
THE AMERICAN INQUIRY.
(Dispatched October 8.)
"Sir I have the honor to ac
knowledge, on behalf of the Presi
dent, your note of October 6, en-,
closing the communication from
the German government to the
President, and I am instructed by
the President to request you to
make the following communication
to the imperial German Chancellor:
"Before making reply to the re
quest of the imperial German gov
ernment, and in order that that re
ply shall be candid and straight
forward as the momentous inter
ests involved require, the President
of the United States deems it nec
essary to assure himself of the ex
act meaning of the note of the
"Does 'the imperial Chancellor
mean that the imperial German
' government accepts the terms laid
down by the President in his ad
dress to the Congress of the United
States on the 8th of January last
and in subsequent addresses, and
that its object in entering into dis
cussions would be only to agree
upon the practical details of their
"The President feels bound to
say with regard to the suggestion
of an armistice that he would not
feel at liberty to propose a cessa
tion of arms -to the governments
with which the Government of "the
United States is associated against
the central powers, so long as the
armies of tjjose powers are upon
"The good faith of any discus
sion would manifestly depend upon
the consent of the central powers
immediately to withdraw their
forces everywhere from invaded
"The President also feels that he
is justified in asking whether the
imperial Chancellor is speaking
merely for the constituted authori
ties of the empire who have so far
conducted the war.
"He deems the answer to these
questions vital from every point of
"Accept, sir, the renewed assur
ances of my high consideration.
. "ROBERT LANSING.
- - "Secretary of State."
No Conditions Permis
sible, Says Secretary.
EXECUTIVE MESSAGE IS CITED
Strong Loan Appeal. Made at
Chicago Mass Meeting.
SUPREME EFFORT. URGED
Rich and Poor Importuned to Buy
Bonds on Installment Plan U
Necessary, as ' Wilson Does.
.CHICAGO. Oct. 12. The text of Ger
many's reply to President Wilson's in
quiry was conmunicaied by the Asso
ciated Press tonight' to wiuiam u.
McAdoo, Secretary of the Treasury; Just
before he delivered a liberty loan ad
dress at a crowded mass meeting.
Mr. McAdoo told the audience the
text of the reply and added: "What
this Government demands, based on
President Wilson's messages and
speeches, is unconditional surrender.
and if the text of this reply is authen
tic' it means just that."
Before telling the audience about the
German note, Mr. McAdoo said of the
first German note a week ago:
"Germany didn't send its note to any
one except the United States. Why?
Because the President of the United
States has formulated the principles of
a permanent peace.
What Vaconditloanl Mesne.
"Germany knows that when she ac
cents the President a conditions I am
not talking terms, but conditions, prin
cipleswhen she Is off the soil of every
Invaded land, it means unconditional
"What la unconditional surrender? It
is when the fellow you are fighting
says, 'fglve in and take what you aay I
ought to take.'
"The Kaiser might as well surren
der now.' He isn't deluded now. He did
think at one time that America
wouldn't get into the war, but :.e knowa
better now." '
At this point the Secretary referred to
the Associated Press dispatch, briefly
outlining the reported German terms.
Then, after stating that he hoped the
message would prove authentic he
"I'll not discuss terms now. Even if
It is true that the Kaiser has sur
rendered, that doesn't make it the less
Important that this loan be subscribed.
(Concluded on raxs. Column 1.)
THE GERMAN REPLY.
(Received October 12.)
In reply to the questions of the.
President of the United States the
German government hereby de
clares: The German government has ac
cepted the terms laid down bv
President Wilson in his address of J
January ctn and in his subsequent
addresses on the foundation of a
permanent peace of justice. Con
sequently, "its object in entering
into discussions would be only to
agree upon practical details of the
application of thes.c terms. The
German government believes that
the governments of the powers as
sociated with the United States
also take the position taken by
President Wilson in his -address.
The German government, in accord
ance with the Austro-Hungarian
government, for the purpose of
bringing about an armistice, de
clares itself ready to comply with J
tne propositions ot me resident in
regard to. evacuation.
The. German government sug
gests that the President may oc
casion the meeting of a mixed com
mission for making the necessary
arrangements concerning the evac
uation. The present German gov
ernment, which has undertaken the
responsibility for this step towards
peace, has been formed by confer
ence -etnd in agreement with the
great majority of the Reichstag.
The Chancellor, supported in all of
his actions by the will of the ma
jority, speaks in the name of -the
German government and the Ger
Berlin, October 12, 1918.
State Secretary, Foreign Office.
DULUTH DISTRICT HIT
. BY HUGE FOREST FIRE
BROORSTOX, WITH 600 PEOPLE,
Cloquet Is Reported Surrounded by
Flames and Home Guards Are
Sent to Menaced Area.
. DULUTH. Minn.. Oct. 12. The entire
country north of Lake Superior be
tween Duluth and Two Harbors is In
flames Fire are raging on the out
skirts of this city, menacing property
so- seriously that the home guard
Fourth Regiment has been called out. i
Many settlers have been burned - out
and every farm In the district threat-
A fire ia raging at Cass Lake, where
several lives are reported to have been
Fanned by a fierce gale, the fires
south of here are sweeping as far as
Brookston, a village of 600 persons.
north of Cloquet, wis practically ' de
stroyed. The nonulfttlnn u- u . r 11 . H
by special itMus to Cloquet. No casual
ties were reported.
This fire" has now swept toward and
practically surrounded Cloquet. a city
of 9000 population. Other towns are
reported surrounded by fires, and all
telephone wires are down.
Many citizens have Joined the guards
men In fighting the flames and assist
ing persons residing in the fire area
o escape. . ,
CAR MYSTERY IS CLEARED
Nobody Killed When Machine Was
Wrecked Near Creswell.
COTTAGE GROVE. Or., Oct. 12.-4
(Special.) The mystery of the aban
doned car which was. left in a ditch
at a crossing this side or Creswell
Thursday night of-last week has been
solved. The car appeared to have been
struck by a train and several who
passed made a search to see if anyone
had been killed.
It develops that the occupants were
C. H. Paulin and George Worthlngton.
employes of the Bohemia Lumber Com
pany at Row River. They came to
the crossing unexpectedly and at too
high speed for safely. The car skidded
on the railway tracks and turned turtle.
Paulin being pinned down by the
steering gear. Worth Inert on. with the
aid of others, released Paulin. whose
Injuries were not serious.
SECOND ARMY . IN ACTION
Major-General Dullard In Command
. - oi Latest Troops. r'
"lilt THE AMERICAN ARM T
NORTHWEST OF VERDUN. Oct. 12.
(By the Associated Press. The second
American Army came Into being today
ana began operations. It la under
command of Major-General Robert L.
The First Army, which has been in
existence formally since August, is
now under command of Major-General
Hunter Liggett. General Pershing as
sumes command of the group of ar
mies. AGREEMENT NOT RATIFIED
Germany Objects to Kxchange of
LONDON. Oct. 12. The German gov
ernment has communicated to the Brit
ish government, through Holland. Its
decision not to ratify the Anglo-German
agreement for an exchange of
prisoners unless guarantees are given
against the deportation and internment
f Germans in. China.
The British government has informed
Germany that It cannot concede this
point, but is' prepared to ratify the
agreement subject to the withdrawal
of this condition.
REPLY SENT TO REICHSTAG
Notr Said to Hare Been Written. In
Accommodaling Spirit. '
BERNE, Oct. 12. Respecting Ger
many's reply to the United States, Ber
lin advices say' that the great impor
tance of the matter made it necessary
to submit the document to the great
Reichstag committee and to the Bun
desrath before it was dispatched-to the
The news that the German reply was
written in an accommodating spirit
has made a great Impression every
where, it is stated.
AIR PARADE IS SPECTACLE
Fleet of More Than 100 Planes Flics
Over Los Angeles.
LOS ANGELES. Cal.. Oct. 12. A fleet
of more than 100 airplanes from March
Field. 70 miles east of here, flew over
Los Angeles In precise, military forma
tion today and landed at a point south
west of the city after having dropped
a cargo of liberty loan literature.
The flet was said to be the largest
ever flown in one formation In this
The air parade was the one feature
of Los Angeles celebration of Liberty
RULER URGED TO ABDICATE
Socialist Organ Blames Hun Km
peror for Present Situation.
ZURICH, switseriand. Oct. 12. In an
extraordinarily outspoken article the
Franklische Tageapost. the Nuremberg
Socialist organ, flatly demands the ab
dication of the German Emperor.
It declares that the responsibility for
the present situation rests on him and
says that., as the military system Is
about to collapse, he must be the last
of the military monarchs.
Oil 1-llE FRONT
Entire Area" Back of
Lines Put to Torch.
COUNTRY IS SEA OF FUMES
In Champagne, From Laon .to
Argonne, Every City and
Village Is Ablaze.
ALLIES CAPTURE VOUZIERES
Americans Close in on Don-sur-Meuse
and Are Within
Five Miles of Buzancy.
FRENCH HEADQUARTERS IN
FRANCE. Oct. 12. (Renter.) The
Germans are rapidly falling back on
the Champagne front from Laon to
the Argonne. Sixty miles of this front
is a sea of smoke and flame and every
town and village for miles behind the
enemy's lines is burning. Vourieres,
which was reached this morning by
the allies, is blazing from end to end,
and the whole country . seems ablaze.
The French aerial squadrons which
have made reconnoiters over the re-
goins of Marie, Vervins, Reuthe! and
Neufchatel, report that they observed
numerous fires anH explosions.
PARIS, Oct. 12. "The battle begun
in Champagne on September 26 has
ended in the complete defeat of the
enemy," says an official statement is
sued tonight. -
' "Ths Fourth Army completed the
liberation of the bend of the Aisne by
reoccupying today 36 localities, free
ing several thousand' civilians.
"This army alone has taken 21,567
prisoners and 600 guns since the open
ing of the Champagne offensive."
PARIS, Oct. 12. Continued prog
ress was made last night by the
French troops along the entire Cham
pagne front, the War Office an
nounced today. The French have pen
etrated the important railway town
of Vouzieres. This morning the
French were holding the general line
of the Retourne and the road from
Pauvre8 to Vouzieres.
Vouzieres and Guise, as well as all
of the villages in the whole region
south of Laon, are burning.
After capturing Vouzieres on the
Aisne River, the French have gone
some distance beyond $hat town. So
swiftly is the line changing that it is
difficult to follow the French advance
from point to point. '
French Advance Swiftly.
South of Laon the Germans are
continuing their retirement north of
the famous Chemin des Dames under
the pressure of attacks from the wes
and south, and it is confidently er
pected that the whole of the famoc.
highway will be entirely 'evacuated
very soon. The Germans are falling
back very rapidly in th Champagne,
and this morning the French have ad-,
vanced for a distance of from three to
four miles. " w
.Orders found on prisoners show that",
the enemy was instructed to resist on.
the Suippe River front until October
13 at least, in order to save all the
material possible and . to enable the
adjacent armies to conduct an orderly
retreat. General .Gouraud'a attack
upset this plan.
Boche Declines Battle.
Although the Germans had 25 di
visions in the Champagne sector, 12
of which were fresh, the fear of being
crushed caused them to decline battle.
' 4'onclui1ed en Pas 3. Column
AMBASSADOR MORGKNTHA V9
GREAT STORY STARTS TO
MORROW IX THE ORK- '
The Turk, having "vanquished"
the allied fleet and made himself
again a great power, reverted to
ancestral type and proceeded by
wholesale massacre to make Tur
key exclusively the country of
the Turk. This great story, the
nf h. mnnl.r of the Arm.
man nation. Biam in ne urrio-
nian tomorrow. It is by Henry
Morgenthau, former ' American
Ambassador to Turkey, who wit
nessed the terrible events of
which he writes. It is an absorb
ing, withal terrible, story.