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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Oct. 31, 1915)
TIIE SUNDAY OREGONIAX. POETLUfD OCTOBER 31. 1913.
l New Ships- Will Likely Be
Constructed at, Yards
MR. DANIELS IS BLAMED
Jcfcnte Programme May Increase
?: Local Militia and Naval Re-
serve Forts to Get Bigger
- - Guns Submarines Coming.
flREGOXIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Oct. 30. The authorization by
Congress of the National defense pro
gramme to be outlined by the Presi
dent will mean heavy expenditures
along the Pacific Coast, both by the
Army and the Navy.
One essential feature of the Army
programme looks to the equipping of
all harbor defenses with big 16-inch
guns, capable of firing greater dis
tances than will the guns of any war
ship now afloat. The defenses at the
mouth of the Columbia River, at the
entrance to Puget Sound and at the
Oolden Gate, all will be equipped with
these monster guns. and. though de
tails have not yet been worked out, it
is probable that guns of smaller cali
ber may be installed in defenses to be
erected at the lesser harbors along the
. For the Navy increased appropria
tions will be made for Puget Sound
navy-yard, where the department pro
poses to establish a submarine base.
Not only will tlio Puget Sound yard
be equipped in due time to make re
pairs to submarines, but it is the hope
of Secretary Daniels that Congress will
so equip the Puget Sound yard that
it can hereafter build submarines and
possibly build destroyers as well.
Coast Gets 40 Submarines.
t"p to the present time Secretary
Daniels has not shown any interest in
the proposal to establish a submarine
base on the Columbia River, though
this propasal may be considered later,
as tlie details of the Navy programme
are developed. The building plan of the
Navy will give to the Pacific Coast, in
the course of five or six years, a fleet
if 40 or more submarines. The bulk
of the submarine fleet will be of the
harbor defense type, and one squadron
will be detailed to the defense of the
The Oregon and Washington militia
will share in the benefits of whatever
Reneral militia legislation may be
enacted by Congress. The National
Cuard of those two states stands ex
ceptionally well with the War Depart
ment, because of its efficiency and the
hisrh-rrade of men who compose the
An effort may be put forth to en
courage the building up of artillery
branches of the militia in these states.
It will not be feasible to establish in
the regular Army, under the con
templated reorganization, enough field
artillery to meet the actual need of
the country in time of war.
Naval Militia Shows Well.
Along with this will be an effort to
strengthen the naval militia e :all
Coast states. The naval militia of Ore
gon and Washington has made a motet
creditable showing on recent cruises,
but there is a desire on the part of
Navy Department officials to greatly
increase enlistments in the naval mi
litia, in order that the largest possible
number of militiamen may be thor
oughly trained for duty aboard ship.
While the Administration programme
provides for a substantial increase in
the enlisted personnel of the Navy, and
also provides for many more officers,
the number authorized will not be ade
quate to man all the vessels which are
built and in contemplation.
As for the building of warships on
the Pacific Coast, there is uncertainty.
Secretary Daniels is desirous of equip
lng three navy-yards on the Atlantic
Coast, so that they can build battle
ships and battle-cruisers, but he has
not been favorable to the idea of build
ins? these large ships either at the
Puget Sound yard or at Mare Island.
In fact, in recent letting of contracts.
the Secretary has been disposed to dis
regard the private yards on the Pa
cific Coast, overlooking the fact that
the battleship Oregon was built at San
l''raneisco and the-' battleship Nebraska
at Seattle. As long as this prejudice
continues it is IlRely that on-.- a small
part of the building programme will
ue put through Pacific Coast yards.
RUSSIA IS BROKEN IN TWO
(Continued Krjm First Page)
the teams of frantic horses drawing
the munition - wagons -through '"xnires
that would have broken the heart of
an elephant. Once past this lashing
and shouting, we would hear noth
ing for many a verst and see nothing
but the red glow in the sky.
Spanish Kerisat.crcr Collapses.
Once a goat came scampering out of
a field and joined us whether for the
sake of human companionship or in the
hope of being milkep, after days on a
deserted countryside nobody could de
termine. 'Always she., emitted quite
companionable bleats as she trotted
along 'with us,' except that sometimes
when we paused to deliberate about the
correct route she would set up crying
that was so much like a child's crying
that it was uncanny.
Suddenly there was a soft little moan
of "Caro mio" behind us, and somebody
said, "Was that the - goat or Don
It was the don, and after struggling
along for hours a bad place in the road
had brought him down. The Bulgarian,
who is a grenadier of a man, and the
Hollander, who is stocky and grim,
caught him up in their arms and half
carried him through the dark until we
found the place where we had had to
leave our autos because the roads be
yond that point had been reported very
When they lifted him into one of the
autos he turned his wonderful eyes first
to one and then to the other and said:
"Caro mio." That was the only thanks
he needed to utter. He can say'Caro
mio" in a tone that almost brings tears
to your eyes. War cures sentimentality,
but it eannot drive from our hearts the
very genuine tenderness we all feel for
the courtly, gallant, excitable Don.
Men Talk of Poetry at Frt.
Next evening he was all right again
and he and I drank to his health in a
American Soldiers Entrench,
Ready to Return Fire.
GARRISON IS REINFORCED
First of Troop Trains Bearing Car
- ranza Men and New Equipment
Reaches. Douglas, Ariz.,
and More Are on Way.
Continued From First Page.)
took a position "west of the Twenty
second, while the Eleventh Infantry
was assigned to & position directly fac
ing Agua Prieta, The Twentieth. In
fantry and part of the Seventh was
ordered into reserve at the camp. .The
entire forces began entrenching and
their work provided emplacements for
about 30 machine guns if they should
As the Eleventh Infantry swung down
the road running through the Ameri
can town' and on into Agua Prieta,
practically the entire -garrison and
PHOTOGRAPH SHOWING HOW MEXICAN LEADER LOOKS SINCE HE
WAS RECOGNIZED BY UNITED STATES.
r , Z
K MMIWllil....lvv..p,.,.l. III! II imill. -ro:
. t fit Mi -' "WMtoni'i i -mm nasiiuhwt. aa
' ' Photo Copyright by Underwood.
glass of mineral water for the lack
of anything more- convivial. : That
pleased him and he asked ine if I who
so long studied plays knew the plays
of his compatriot. Jacinto Benavente.
I had to confess that I did not know
them and asked if Benavente were
one of the big men of the new Spanish
"O," he shouted, "col-os-sal! O, enor
me! O, like Shakespeare, O. our great
est poet of the theater! O, he is my
master, my master!"
So we had to drink some more min
eral water in honor of Jacinto Bena
vente and -then I proposed the health
of Jose lichegaray, to whom. I said, I
could drink with intelligence, because
I knew his best plays pretty thorough
ly and revered the author.
The don blew a kiss and bowed his
head at the mention of that name, and.
taking the toast for a compliment to
him as it was meant said that, per
Baccho, if the Americans and the Span
iards had only understood each other
better 17 years ago they never would
have fought each other, and that when
I came to Barcelona he would be my
guide and that nobody else should be,
As the townsmen of one of Arnold
Bennett's heroes used to say of him.
he s a card the Spaniard.
they always say when the Russians do
"We bet they learned that from the
Church Now Being Refitted.
At present Ivangorod having fallen
and the Germans being safely in it. tha
only beings for whom the dome retains
a practicul value are the birds. They
said 'much obliged" and went to live
among the faded evergreens.
As to the future of the church, the
German officer now in command of the
fortress said, with a gravity through
which not a gleam of irony shone: "As
the Russians will not be coming back
the church is being refitted for Cath
olic services." I
All the forts of Ivangorod were blown
Tip before the Russians evacuated the
buildings. The destruction is terrible
to behold and the flight is deplorable
to think upon.
"A beautiful fortress." said my
friend, "a beautiful fortress. It seems
as if it could have been held Indefi
nitely. Certainly the speedy evacua
tion was not ethical."
His epitome of what Ivangorod meant
in the general scheme of Russian af
fairs was worth listening to because
he knit up the fate of that fortress
with the fate of Novo Georgievsk and
Rres-Lltovsk fortresses that consti
tute the great Polish trilateral.
And what he said was this:
"Russia is broken in two."
Correspondents' Ma rent's Hard.
Around Ivangorod we have done long
stretches on foot and it is grilling hard
work. On one of these stretches a
told night followed a warm dav. and
what with weariness and thirst and
the abrupt change of temperature,
some of us got queer in our inside. It
was then that the Spaniard collapsed,
not because he lacks spirit, but from
0ieer dog tiredness. Besides his own
tongue . he speaks German. French.
Italian and a little linglish. and he gen
erally saves the Italian for his more
emotional moments, which are numer
ous. When he is pleased with the sit
uation he cries "Bravo!" and when it
astounds him he shouts "Per Baccho!"
and if he likes you and thinks you are
"tres gentil" he addresses you as 'Vara
Well, the night he gave out we were
plunging through the dark in the
neighborhood of, Novo Georgievsk and
our only light was the glow from the
burning fortress. Wo were pretty
quiet and the road we had taken was
filent and deserted except when we
would come upon a detachment of
Germans who were .trying-to maneuver
WHITMAN TO GIVE OPERA
College Conservatory to Present
"Merry Wives of Windsor."
WHITMAN COLLEGE. Walla Walla,
Wash.. Oct. 30. (Special.) Elias Blum,
head of the Whitman conservatory of
music. Miss Helen Burr, dean of women,
and Miss Bernice Richmond returned
yesterday from Seattle, where they
witnessed the performances of "The
Merry Wives of Windsor," given there
The Whitman conservatory will pre
sent the opera in the Spring under the
direction of Mr. Blum. Miss Richmond
is making a metrical translation to be
used in the performance here. Mis:
Burr wilL have charge of the costum
ing of the production.
This will be the third opera pre
sented by the Whitman conservatory
in the last five years, the others being
"Martha" and "Fra Diavolo."
Geneseo Road Is Improved.
GENESEE, Idaho, Oct. SO. (Special.)
A large number of men with teams
are working on the Pine Grove road
near Genesee. This will be one of the
best roads in the country when com
pleted. The work is being managed by
Henrv Whitted. road overseer.
population of the Mexican town
crowded against the barbed wire bar
rier to watch as American picks and
shovels went into action, ripping into
the hard earth to form protective
works on the Douglas border for the
lirst .time, in -the history of Mexican
warfare on the boundry line. .
Trenches Almost Join.
The American trenches began at a
point a few feet west of the United
States customs house and within less
than -0 yards of the Carranza trenches
at the rear of Agua Prieta.
Mexicans working in these trenches
dropped their picks and spades and
joined the throng of gesticulating Mex
ican men, women and children watch'
ing the work of the American troops.
Positions for Guns Chosen.
Besides the infantry regiments. Gen
eral Davis has one regiment of cavalry,
the Ninth, and four batteries of the
Sixth Field Artillery. The dispositions
of these troops in the general scheme
to protect American territory from vio
lation has not been disclosed, but artil
lery officers already have positions
picked for the guns on high ground
east of Douglas, just north of where
Villa will have to debouch from the
mountains to launch his attack against
Heavy patrols were out tonight, and
the trenches were manned by large de
tachments, while the rest of the in
fantry slept in camp.
American army officers are skeptical
of the ability of Villa's officers to con
trol the fire of their men. The trenches
constructed today afford protection for
United States soldiers in case of firing
across the border, but high-power bul
lets would inevitably carry into Doug
las it nred high.
With the arrival of a second troop
train bringing additional Carranza
troops, the Calles garrison at Agua
prieta numbered approximately 4500
effective men. Calles asserted also that
he had received field guns and ammu
nition sufficient to bring his total
store of rifle cartridges to 15.000,000
DIRECT DEALING INSISTED ON
Carranza Wants Foreign Govern
ments to Recognize Him.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 30. General
Carranza has made it clear, through
the foreign Oftice of his government,
that he does not desire to deal with
European governments through the
United States, and officials of the State
Department are in accord with his
Some of the European powers which
have not yet recognized the de facto
government have been transmitting
representations through American offi
cials m Mexico. General Carranza now
desires that foreign governments deal
directly with him in the future- This
policy is expected to hasten the rec
ognition of the Carranza government
by the powers of Europe.
General Carranza's action' is not un
derstood here to apply to matters of
vital consequence in which the United
States, as the nearest neighbor and
friend to Mexico, would continue to
exercise its good offices. It refers to
routine representations now accumu
lating with reference to foreign claims
and the general status of foreign prop
erties in Mexico.
The State Department's summary of
conditions in Mexico reveals that Amer
icans in Sonora are not in as great
danger as had been reported, assur
ances having come from Villa officials
that there would be ample protection
30 "WETS" ARE INDICTED
Brewers Accused of Election Fraud
in Indiana Liquor Flglit.
SULLIVAN, Ind.. Oct. 30. Charging
a conspiracy to commit a felony in the
"wet" and "dry" election here last
May. 30 men. including high officials
of brewing companies and a Justice
of Peace, were indicted by the Sullivan
County grand Jury here todav. Sena-
rate indictments were returned against
ine -leiTe Haute Brewing Company, of
Terre Haute: the F. W. Cook Brewing
Company, of Evansville, and the An-
neuser-Susch Brewing Association, of
St.- Louis, charging corruption in con
nection with the election.
It is alleged in the indictment that
the "wets" raised a fund to ba used
for importing voters and buying votes.
ine money paid for votes is said to
have ranged from SO cents to J9 each.
The brewing companies are charged
with contributing to the fund.
Mrs. M. A. Nisbeth, having regained
her health, will, November 1, resume
management of Nisbeth Sanatorium,
now known as Portland General Hos
pital. 16 Lovejoy. Will dispense with
surgery; will be conducted as medical
and nervous, habit, chronic and rheu
matic cases exclusively. D. N. A. Nis
beth will be located at 601 to 605
Broadway building for the treatment
of hlB downtown patients. Adv.
TO buy clothes that look trim and
shapely, after months of service,
you must get ALL WOOL clothes.
To be sure they ARE all wool not a thread of
cotton in them, wear .
at $15, $20, $25 and Up
One hundred per cent pure wool proved by laboratory teat hand
tailored and cold-water shrunk by London process. -
These stylish garments are shapely, shape retaining; . and a little
bit "more than full value. i .
"Look for -the Guarantee and
Price Ticket on - the Sleeve."
Phegley & C a vender
COR. FOURTH AND ALDER STS.
Jm I ill
Redmond, Or., April 29, 1915.
Bankers Life Insurance Co.,
I am in receipt of yours enclosing settle
ment on my policy 3539 just matured. To
say that I am pleased with the settlement
is putting it mildly. I only wish I had
taken a policy for $2000 or $3000 instead of
51000, for, besides having the protection for
thfc past twenty years, I have received in
cash nearly as much as I have paid in
premiums and still have a paid-up partici
pating policy for $1000. Yours truly,
376. L. E. SMITH.
Ask the man whi owns one of our policies.
. you policy?.
Twenty Payment Life
Matured in the
Old Line Bankers Life
of Lincoln, Nebraska.
Name Lewis E. Smith
Residence Rednond, Or.
Amount of policy $1000.00
Total premiums paid
company $ 566.00
Cash paid to Mr. Lewis
E. Smith $ 429.16
And paid-up partici
pating policy $1000.00
Have you an agency? Have
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Includes the following pieces: Guaran
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GOOD PLACE TO TRADE
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