Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Aug. 22, 1915)
. - 1 a - V -5L
Pages 1 to 16
ai MtMlatt mm mmmnmm
VOL. XXXIV. NO. 31. " - PORTLAND. PRECOX, SUNDAY 3IORXIXG, AUGUST 22, 1915. PRICE FIVE CENTSl
TURKEY BY ITALY
Open Rupture Follows
TWO REASONS ARE ASSIGNED
Plotting in Libya. Detention o
ALLIES WOW TO BE AIDED
Jleoort Current That 110.000 Men
Will B Sent lo Dardanelles and
That Ilert of I'sat Vcwts
I Read; for Action.
tNDON. An. 2L Hair baa declared
war against Turkey. Ian
Ambassador baa left Constantinople.
Thl announcement la mada In lieutey
Telegram from Constantinople. l
Berlin and Amsterdam.
Marquis dl Garronl. Italian Ambas
sador to Turkey, today banded to tha
porta a not declaring Italy considered
herself In a atata of war with Turkey
and demanded Ma passport, according
to an official telegram from ConstantI
noplo received at Amsterdam and trans
milled to tha Central Newa.
Two Rum An (.leeaw
Tba reaaona given In the nota fr
Italy' declaration of war were tha sup
port fln by Turkey to tha revolt la
Libra and the prevention of tha de
parture of Italian resident from Syria.
Although Italy declared war on Aus
tria vn May 21 there haa never been
a declaration of war between Italy and
Oermaay. the ally of Austria, while
until now Italy and Turkey, tha ally
f the central powers, nominally bare
baea at peace.
Trtlae. Ua : Ideal.
Friction between Turkey and Italy
kewever. baa been In evidence since
shortly after the U Iter's entry Into the
war. Larly In June there were r
aorta that Ita.tan Consuls were gradu
any leaving Turkey and that Ameri
cas officials were taking over the
task of looking out fur Italian Inter
est. Later charge wera mada that
t.ie Ottoman government waa prevent
tng the Consula from leaving and that
similar coercion waa being exerted
aver Italian civilian, who wished to
auit Turkish stL
On July 3 sdvl.es came from Rome
that the Italian Government bad ad
dressed a note to the L'nlted States
asking It to Be Ita Influence to pro
tect Ita'.tan subject In the Ottoman
Treat teJattae) ( ksreca.
The remilalnl that they were being
prevented from leaving was reiterated
when two d-y later the Italian cabi
net met for the purpose of discussing
the situation at regards Turkey, and
almost colnrldentally the Italian Gov
ernment began to gather evidence' In
tended to saow that Turkey bad vio
lated the treaty of Lausanne, an na
fertaktng according to the terms of
which she pledged herself lo withdraw
all Turkish 'troop and officers from
the Cj renalca dl.trlrt In Tripoli and
help bring about the submission et
the svnusal Irlbeemea la thla locality.
Instead of doing this. It waa al
leged Enver rh. the Turkish min
ister ef war. last March sent hia bro
ther. Nurl Hy. lo Cyrecalca to foment
Aaather lrateat Made.
On Angus! i ire Italian Ambassador
Ot Constantinople made another protest
to Turkey relative to the altitude of
1'ie Ottoman authorities toward Italian
aubjeel. It wss said that Italian Con
suls were stU! being detained In Tur-iCeal-te-i
ea las a C-uaa 3.1
j ' irjK 'MylS j
. I H W.
.MERCURY 96, DAY
CtlOI JMi BR122E LONG IE-
UYKI TO SWUTCTING CITY
Trmpcraturci. Lower Gradually
After 5 o'Clock, but Reach
Only St at ? o'clock.
If anybody believes tliat he waa hot
tar or suffered from the heat mora on
Friday than lie did yesterday he la a
long way off In his reckoning, and
l'nlted States Weather Forecaster Beals
haa the figure to prove It.
Testerday waa not only from two to
four degree higher In temperature
during the day than waa the preceding
day. but the humidity waa equally high,
and. according to Forecaster Basis. It
Is the humidity that spoils collara and
The humidity held out at a high per
rentage longer on Friday, but the liter.,
mometer didn't sustain Itself so welt.
So. taken all In all. yesterday waa not
only the hottest, but the stickiest day
In, the whole month ot August.
The humidity waa iO per cent at noon
and the thermometer stood at 88 de
grees, which waa two degreea higher
than that of noon on tha previous day.
At 1 o'clock It climbed to t degreea.
equaling tha high mark of the previous
day. and by t o'clock It wss at S de
greea. where It stayed for two hours,
making a final leap to degreea at
Thereafter It crawled down the tube
as stubbornly resisting a tha Russian
army In retreat, and by 7 o'clock waa
only back to . The humidity dropped
from 40 to - per cent between noon
Forecaster Baal holds out some hope
for a less sticky day today, with
promise of fair weather, but not ao
warm, and westerly winds.
Hourly temperatures yesterday were
A. it wi p. M u-i
I . M Iv; I. M i
A. M "4 1 P. it U3
A. M ' - i P. V.
: s P.
11 A. it.
12 aooa .
; P. X.
"7 P. M.
YELLOWJACKETS HIT STOCK
Cattle ICrfuse to Go to Watering
Place to Keep In Condition.
rOXKRUY. Waih, Aug. si. (.Spe
cial.) According lo reports, yellow
Jaeketa are so numerous In the moun
tains this year that cattle refuse to
go to some of the watering piacea
often enough to keep In good condition.
On the ranges where stock water in
tha small streams or spring the moist
ground la literally alive with the pesta.
Ueorg Slroonstad. a nine-year resi
dent ot Garfield County, declares that
along the Tucannon stream yallowjack
ets are tn greater numbers than ever
BONFIRES ORDERED HALTED
Possibility of Crass lUaac Getting
llejond Control la Great.
Portland la to have no more bonfires
until the close of the dry season. Upon
recommendation OT t Ire Marshal
Stevens yesterday Mayor A I bee In
structed the Fire Bureau to lasne no
more fire permits and Instructed the
police to arrest parsons responsible
Marshal Stevens ssys that on ac
count of dry grass In aome parla of
the city, the building of fires Is not
safe, adjacent bouse or building being
endangered by the possibility of graas
flrea getting beyond control.
200 BELGIANS PUNISHED
German rupprea Mourning on An
niversary of Occupation.
LONDON. Aug. II. A dispatch, to the
Exchange Telegraph Company from
Amsterdam today saya:
Persons arriving from Brussels re
port that there were 100 arresta there
esteday of Belgian who were Grmon-
traiing their grief on the anniversary
I the German occupation. Piacea of
amusement that had been closed as a
uggestlon of sorrow were forcibly re
opened. Tboae arrested were mainly
women and children." .
Washington Stirred by
UNNEUTRAL ACTS ALLEGED
Expenditure of $2,000,000 a
Week in America Reported.
CHLORINE SUPPLY BLOCKED
Large Payment Made for Mnnufno
turo of .Public Opinion Letter
of Agents Outline Plana,
rajmenls Are Mentioned.
WASHINGTON. Aug. II. Evidence
gathered and published thla week by
the New York World, tending to now
that the German government is spermine-
S2.000.000 a week In the United
State to Influence public opinion ha
stirred official Washington aa no In
cident has done lnce the Lusltania
It Is acknowledged In official quarters
In Washington, the ono says. ini
the United Statea Government I tn
possession of Information that German
dtnlomatlc officer and member of the
German aecret service have committed
set. in violation of American neutral
ity lnce the wr began.
vAashlagtoa la Investigating.
The Administration ha deliberately
overlooked many things and main
talned silence because It wa believed
this , was the wiser and better course
to pursue, the World declares. At the
same time thl Government ha not
been disregarding entirely the activi
ties of German representatives.
Agents of the Department or Justice
have been following clews and gamer-
ng evidence for several month; in
fact- ever since the passport rraaua
came lo light soon after the outbreak
r hn.tiiittes. The Department of
Justice la accumulating tnia evidence
for use In the event that thl Govern
men, finally decide to act.
The charge made by tne wona
against agenta acting In behalf of the
German government allege the causing
of strikes in factories manufacturing
munition of war for the allies, pre'
venting the exportation of chlorine ga
to the allies, procuring control or tne
Wright aeroplane plant at Dayton. O..
and In various other way Interfering
with war orders In America.
Propaganda on Cash Basis.
Letter and reporta of German
agenta and tjfflrlala In this country and
Germany which have come Into posses
ion of the World are published to
show that the German propaganda
rests on a gold baxis. that cash to
urn public opinion In Germany' favor
has been supplied freely, though
necretly. by the German government.
and that it expenditure baa been
Irectly supervised by Herr von Beth-
msnn-Hollweg, the German chancellor;
Count Johann von Bernatorff, the Ger
man Ambassador at Washington, and
other German officials In high place.
. On the evidence of these document,
aeveral of which are reproduced in fac
simile, the World asserts:
That the Fatherland, the pro-German
weekly published by George Sylvester
Vlererk. receives large subsidies from
the German government, through Dr.
Ileinrlch F. Albert, chief financial
agent of the German government In
Parehase of Preea Concern Advised.
That M. B. Claussen. a German agent,
formerly with the Hamburg-American
line, wrote to Or. Albert that he had
obtained an optlun for the purchane
for 100.000 of control of the American
I 'onrlulel on paae
SOME OF THE PAST WEEK'S NEWS
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Uaxtroum temperature. 9
decrees; minimum, et degreea
TODAY'S Sunday fair, not so warm; west
Turkey declares war on Italy. Section
British submarine torpedoes German crulaer
In Baltic ectioa l. pass 1.
German eovemment said to be spending
t2.oo0.uoo a week for propoganda in
United States. Section 1. page 1.
Three Teuton armies menace ImportaJi t
nuaaian paaa . mciito i. pass e.
Red Cross nurses tske exsmlnatlon In Eng
land for rieia worn, feectton l, page i.
Rooae'velt says time for words with Germany
is past. necuon j. page o.
Forest Service Is msde target for charges.
feectlon 1. page a.
Baroness dancing cauaea sensation in ?tew
York. Section 1. page 2.
SL Iuts recovering from flood. Section 1.
Coos Bsy man fails to resch Germsny and
brothers are slain. Section 1. page 8.
Own home are sought for rural teachers.
beclloa 1. page a. ,
Mortar prsctlca at Fort Stevens to start
September 3. Section 1. page V.
Washington telephone companies must re
turn tlOO.Owo in deposits to subscribers.
eectlon l, pegs a.
Senator Brsh tu fight proposal for Federal
suixrage amendmunu section 1. page
Commercial aad Marina.
Oregon hops contracted for at 12ft cents per
pound, section 2. page J3.
Stocks being liquidated rapidly. Section X
Nervousness of whest shown with l42Vs
cant drop. Section 2, page IB.
Financial review of week. Section 2. page 13.
Cooa Bay harbor officials report gains to
rivers committee. Section 2. page 14.
Extensive data used to aid Congressmen In
river Inspection. Section 2. page
Cosst League results: Sslt fake C. Port'
laud 4; Vernon -5, Oakland 1-1: San
Francisco 3. Los Angeles 2. Section 2,
Cbampiot Williams sgsln defeats Mc
laughlin. SecUon 2, page 1.
Southwest Wsshtngton Fsir races - begin
tomorrow, nectiin 2, page 3.
Deer are reported plentiful In Southeastern
Oregon and near Koaeburg. Section 2.
Twent--tbree-yearId Hoosler lsd shuts out
Pittsburg. 3 to 0. section 3. pace I.
Gearhart golf course expected to puxsle
slrsngera. Section 2, page ' 2.
Hot contest expected In City League. Sec
tion 2. page 2.
Programme ready for Gearhart golf tourney,
which opena tomorrow. Section 2. page 2.
Few pitchers In Coast League bold batting
averages down, section 2. page f.
Football schedules are announced. Oregon
Aggies go Into training camp at w
port next week. Section 2. pass fi.
Record jf Chester Fee Is followed. Section
2. page 3.
Dog famrlers prepare for Portland show.
Section 3. psgs 4.
Beginners will shoot at Jenne Station next
Sunday. Section 2, page 4.
Entries fr rsces at Salem Fair clo
section 3. page ft.
Staff Is chosen for Astoria regatta Septem
ber 2-4. Section 2, pagu 4.
Portland aad Vicinity.
J. K. TesI returns from Americsu oar As
sociation meeting at Salt Lake City. Sec
tion 1, psge 1U.
Cashier jury finds six defendants guilty.
Section 1. page 1.
Temperature readies PC and cay Is hottest
of month. Section 1, page 1.
Ex-President Tart arrives today at 12:15;
Tlmo la well divided. Section 1, page 13.
Joint Bar Asaoclatlon will open In Portland
tomorrow . Section 1. page 12.
Employee throughout city will Join In high
way Inspection Day. Section 1. pace 10.
Jaeger Brothers Jewelry store Is formally
opened. Section 1. page 11.
City's pathwsy la strewn with wrecks of
costly enterprlsea Section 1, page 11.
Printer's Ink Item psys tribute to Industrial
wealth of Oregon SecUon 1. page 11.
Commissioner Dleck drops 14 men from pay
roll. Section 1. page 12.
Death leap at The Oaks thrills. Section ).
Gay Sh liners rule at Crystal Lake Psrk with
all-day plculc. SecUon 1. page 15.
"Dollsr day" banraln sale movement Is
subject of much Interest. SecUon X.
Wsr Department to hear complaint that
Army ufflcers drank toast to Kslsvr. Sec
tlon 1. page 6.
Crew of westbound train .blsmed for South
ern pai-tric wreck, section i. page iv.
Former Portlsnd man. with German srroy.
declsres France Is In ruin. Section L
RELIGIOUS ISSUE CHARGED
Miss Stracban Says Mrs. Young Op
posed Klectlns; Catholic
OAKLAND. Cat, Aug. !L Mi Grace
Strachan. of Brooklyn, N. Y, who re
signed yesterday from the National Ed
ucation Association, alleging that tha
mean employed to defeat her were
contrary to her Ideal, signed A state
ment today charging that she had been
defeated because of her Catholic faith.
She aald Mrs. Ella Klagg Young, su
perintendent of the Chicago school,
had worked against her on the grounds
tliat the Catholic Church was opposed
to the teaching of sex hygiene in the
EVENTS EXPRESSED CARTOONIST REYNOLDS IN
i nniTinii minxum. r
Teuton Cruiser Sunk
RUSSIANS IN RIGA BATTLE
Three of Czar's Vessels Lost.
Germans Also Suffer.
MINES ARE SWEPT AWAY
Effort to Penetrate Gnlf Partly Suc
cessful All of Vessels En
gaged Are Torpedo-Boata,
Says Berlin Report,
J?ETROGRAX. via London, Aug. 2L
A British submarine haa torpedoed
German cruiser in the Baltic Sea.
This statement is made in an official
BERLIN, via London. Aug. 21.
Three Russian warships and one Ger
man .warship, all small vessels, have
been sunk in the battle in the Gulf
of Riga. Announcement to this effect
was made today.
Two other German warships were
put out of commission in the course of
the engagement. One ran ashore and
the other was damaged.
Both Sidea Lose Vessel.
The Russian vessels which were sunk
were the gunboats Sivutch and Koreeta
and a torpedo-boat- The German ships
sunk or put out of commission were all
torpedo-boats. The damaged German
boat was escorted to port.
A statement from the German Ad
miralty concerning the battle reads as
"Our Baltic naval forces penetrated
the' Gulf of Riga after mine sweepers
had swept the mine Held and net ob
structions. In the outpost engage
which developed a Russian torpedo
boat of the Emir Pucharskll class was
destroyed and other torpedo-boats,
among them the Novk and one large
vessel, were severely damaged while
Raaslana Resist Bravely.
On the evening of the 19th in Moon
Sound, the Russian gunboats blvutch
and Koreeta were sunk by artillery fire
and torpedo boats, after brave resist
ance. Forty members of the crews,
ncluding two officers, some severely
wounded, were rescued by our torpedo
Three of our torpedo boats were
damaged by mines. One sank, one was
run aground and one was escorted to
The Sivutch' and Koreets were sister
ships of 875 tons displacement. They
were 218 feet long, 36 feet beam and
eight feet deep. They were armed
with two 4.7 inch guns and four 3-inch
guns. Their normal complement was
40 men each.
Powerful Squadron Attacka.
For nearly a fortnight, a powerful
German squadron was engaged in an
attempt to force an entrance into the
Gulf of Riga, for the purpose of as
sisting the German army which oc
cupies the Wetsern Coast of the gulf.
The Russians asserted that they re
pelled on August 8 an attack delivered
by nine German battleships, 12 cruisers
and a large number of destroyers.
Later the Russians announced that
their warships had been drawn in
closer on account of the superiority
of the German squadron and an official
communication received last night
from Petrograd said that a German
fleet had penetrated the gulf and en
gaged the Russian vessels.
I artarcr-!-'.--'- 'gr?"Fi:i SiF il J . ...... - - . I
Saturday War Moves
ITALY has declared war on . Turkey,
giving two reasons the activity of
the Turks in inciting rebels in Libya
and the detention of Italian subjects
desiring to leave Turkish territory.
Italian consuls are included among the
number. It Is believed Italy will help
ber allies in their Dardanelles cam
paign, perhaps with a fleet of war
ships and a force of 150,000 soldiers.
Tha Russian armies are continuing
their retreat under the persistent pres.
sure of the Austro-Germans. The re
port from German army 'headquarters
told of the, capture of Bielsk on the
Brest-Litovsk-Blalystok line, by Gen
eral von Gallwitz - and the
driving of the Via of Bielsk
VJ. - Russians
,,,. "the advance of
' t N 1 ,vn - iruiiuio 01 ca
va " go.8.1 oroke under the German at
tac and continued their retreat, Ber
Near Kovno the Russian forces have
evacuated their position to the south
on the Jesia river and retreated to
ward the East
Petrograd observers point to the
Teutonic concentration on Brest-Lit-
tovsk as indicating that fortress to be
the goal of all Austro-German efforts
in the central Held of war and to the
apparent attempts of the Germans to
cut off the Russian armies whose base
is Brest-Litovsk from those whose op
eratioas are based on Ossowetz, the
Russian stronghold In the West, which
is still holding out.
The German fleet that yesterday was
reported as having entered the Gulf
of Riga, has had what Berlin alludes
to as "outpost engagements" with the
Russian naval forces in the, gulf, in
which small war craft on both sides
were sunk. The Russians, according
to the German official account, lost
two gunboats and a torpedo boat, while
of three German torpedo boats dam
agea, one was sunk, one was run
aground and one was escorted to port.
Several Russian craft, one a large
vessel, were severely damaged while
retreating, Berlin declares. The Ger
man loss of life was small.
Two steamers from American ports
were sunk yesterday by German sub
marines, Paris reports the . British
steamer Carter Swell, from Galveston
for Havre, and the Belgian oil steamer
Daghestan, from Philadelphia .for
eipain has protested to Germany
against the sinking of two Spanish
steamers recently .torpedoed by sub
Telegrams from the Balkan capitals
state that Turco-Bulgarian relations
have reached the breaking point and
that Turkey is strengthening her fortl
fications In Thrace because of the fear
of a Bulgarian Invasion. - No open
breach between the Bulgars and Turks
is likely, however, until Bulgaria learns
whether the Serbian Parliament, which
has been in secret session for three
days, is willing to cede Macedonia to
M. Venlzelos is back in power
Greece, but it is questionable whether
he will be so ready to join the allies
as he was before tne political crisis
and dispute with King Constantine
which caused his downfall early in
Great Britain yesterday Issued a
statement announcing that cotton had
been declared absolute contraband of
war. The French government, it was
said, will issue a similar announce
The War on Angust 22, 1914.
Japan declared war on Germany.
Japan's fleet, accompanied by a large
number of transports conveying troops
nears Kiau-Chau in readiness to begin
operations for its surrender.
German forces marched through Bel
gium country towards seacoast. Cav
alry patrols entered Ghent without re
sistance. Great battle along 20-mile front
from Kamur to Charlerol started.
Mrs. Vanderbilt Honored.
PARIS. Aug. 21. The Foreign Office,
on recommendation of the ministry of
war, has awarded a gold medal to Mrs.
VV. K. Vanderbilt of New York, presi
dent of the American committee for
clothing the wounded.
in conferring the medal, the foreign
office expresses appreciation of the
services of Mrs. Vanderbilt, "whose ac
tive sympathies have so often come to
the aid of our wounded."
GASHEER VERDICT IS
"GUILTY" FOR SIX
Jury Deliberates 22
Hours on Evidence.
CLEMENCY ASKED FOR ONE
Agreement Is Delayed Long by
LE MONN LODGED IN JAIL
Bonds Pending Appeal Action or
Xew Trial Fixed at Original
Mark Except for Le Monn.
More Cases Yet to Be Heard.
The jury in the United States Cashier
Company trial returned a verdict of
guilty against all six defendants at
9:27 o'clock yesterday morning.
At that time the jury had been out
just 22 hours and 10 minutes. How
ever, the jurors had reached their
verdict an hour before, at 8:30. but
were kept locked up in the meantime
while Judge Bean, United States At
torney Reames and the various de
fendants and their attorneys were
The verdict was as follows: "We,
the Jury in the above entitled uc' ion,
find the defendants Frank Menefe-j. F.
M. LeMonn, O. E. Gernert, B. F B.inne
well, H. M. Todd and Oscar A. Camp
bell guilty as charged In the indict
ment, and the defendant Thomas Bilyeu
Clemency Asked for One.
"The jury also recommend the de
fendant Oscar A. Campbell to the mercy
of the court.
"WILLIAM FLEMING, Foreman."
The acquittal of Mr. Bilyeu Avas a
mere formality, as he virtually ceased
lo be a defendant when Judge Bean
last Monday granted a motion in hia
behalf that the jury be Instructed to
find him not guilty.
Frank Menefee, O. E. Gernert and
F. M. LeMonn. the only three .defend
ants in court when the verdict waa
read, counsel for the other three de
fendants having waived the right of
their clients to be present, took the
news calmly. They declined to com
ment on it-
After Judge Bean had granted at
torneys for the defendants ten days in
which to fiie motions for new trials.
United States Attorney Reames an
nounced that the Government would
offer no objection to giving the defend
ants their liberty pending sentence on
the original $2500 bail each has on
deposit, except in the case of Former
Salis Manager LeMonn.
LeMonn Led to Jalt
'The other defandants." said Mr.
Reames. "all gave themselves up vol
untarily and have occasioned the Gov
ernment no trouble. Mr. LeMonn dis
appeared after being indicted and was
fugitive for six months. 1 therefore
ask that his ball be raised to J5000."
His attorney, A. P, Dobson, objected
on the ground that Mr. LeMonn could
not obtain this sum. Judge Bean, how
ever, fixed bail at $5000.
Unable to obtain the additional
$2500, M. . LeMonn was taken from the
United States's Marshal's office to the
county jail yesterday afternoon. He
was not only guarded but handcuffed
on his way to jail.
Practically the only defendant
against whom the jury was not united
on a verdict of guilty almost from the
first was Oscar A. Campbell, of Eu
gene, vice-president and director of
the Cashier Company..
It took the Jury nardly a couple of
hours to talk over the cases of Mr.
enefee and Mr. LeMonn, and to vote
(Concluded on Page 1:1, Column 2.)