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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Aug. 15, 1915)
Pages 1 to 16
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 15, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
vol. xxxiv. xo. 3.1.
FRIENDLY AID" IS
Message to Leaders in
Form of Appeal.
FACTIONS URGED TO UNITE
Reply to Communication With
in Ten Days Is Asked.
CONVENTION IS SUGGESTED
Fnll Text Given u In Waahlngum
and Telegraphed to Score of Mili
tary nd Political lder
. Throughout Rrpabllc.
VASHINGTO.V. Air. 14. Th Pan
American appeal to Mxlco. bow being
delivered to tha chief of faction and
Governor of lt. w md pobllc
tosila-ht br tb 8tat Department.
Without eveg, n latlmaUoa of armed
Intervention. It call od tha laadara to
DMi somewhere la Mexico, on neu
tralised ground. In a conference, "to
adtDi the ftrt step necessary to the
MHniitntiaa.! reconstruction of tha
country." and to Issu a call for Im
mediate election. Tha erlee of the
Vnlled Stat or anr of tha other Pan
American conferee are offered aa In
termediarle to arrange the metlng.
imiananl Mad to Peopla.
The appeaL although addreeeed to the
political and military loader, lake oa
the form of an announcement to the
iiexican people thmlve. Aa mad
public by the State Pepartment. the
document Is prefaced by this announce
ment: -The Mexican people are Informed
trat the folio Inr communication baa
Veen sent to many prominent peron
In Mexico who posse authority or
military power within the republlc."
Thea follow tha appeal, dated at
Washington. Auiul 11:
-The undersigned, the Secretary of
flat of tb United tstates. tba Am
baasadra extraordinary and plenipo
tentiary of Brazil Chne and Argentina,
aad tha envoys extraordinary and Min
uter plenipotentiary of Bolivia.
I'ruguay aad Guatemala, accredited to
the QoTernment of 4b United State
of America, actlnc severally and Inde
pendently, unanimously sand to you the
fXcatdly Aaetotaac Tendered.
"inspired by tha most sincere spirit
of American fraternity and convinced
that they rightly Interpret tha earnest
wish of the entire continent: they have
met Informally at tha suggestion of
the Secretary of State of the United
States to consider tha Mexican situa
tion so a to ascertain whether their
friendly and. disinterested help could
be successfully employed to r-tb-llsh
peace and constitutional order In
our sister republic
"In the heat of the frightful strut?
Ill which for so lone has steeped In
blond the Mexican soil, doubtless all
may well have lost sight of the dissolving-
effects of tha strife upon the
most vital conditions of tha national
existence, not only upon the life and
liberty of the Inhabitants, but on the
prestige and security of the country.
Appeal Made to Patriot..
"W"e cannot doubt, however no one
can doubt that la the presence of a
sympathetic appeal from their broth
er of America, recalling to them thee
disastrous effects, asking them to save
their motherland from an abyss no on
ran doubt, we repeat that the patriot
Ism of the mea who lead or aid In
any way the bloody strife will not re
main unmoved: no on can doubt that
each and every on of them, measuring-
ronf-lti.! en Pa. . Column
. 4. - . I -V " I ' - I I I
t vi Y FyLA nfjA LlJcTy Ok O ---&e s . customary -C
- , ... . ' " - - - - - .
MEN DEFY NEW ACT
HAL' DOZEN HUMS TO PACE
NoC One Coirrmlron Concern Get
License or Give Bond Guaran
teeing to Make Reports.
rTOKANR. Wash, Aug. 14. Sp
dat.) Half a dosen commission firms
of Spokane will face, prosecution Mon
day morning for alleged violation of
the state's new horticultural law, re
quiring a bond and license from all
Tha new law go Into effect tomor
row. . It require that each firm tax
out a license costing tit and put up
bond of I10 guaranteeing that It will
make report of the disposition- of each
lot of produce and tha price received.
Not on firm In th city haa taken
out a license or put up the bond with
th Stat Department of Agriculture.
It wa said today by th Horticultural
Inspector for Eastern Washington.
-I hav received trlct order to n
forc th Is w Monday." aald tha In
spector, "and I will surely prosecute
th commission men who attempt to
evade It- The chief objection la not
against th license or th bbnd. but
to th provtolon requiring report"
BOY ROLLS WITH BIG TRUCK
Two-Ton Machine Tarn Over SU
Time Down Steep Hillside.
BAKER. Or, Aug. 1. (Special.)
Rolling IS feet down the side of a
hill near Conner Creek, when a two
ton auto truck left the road and turned
over sideways six times. l-year-old
Edward Celser Is now In St. Ellxa
beta's Hospital suffering from many
Gelser wa riding with Driver Harry
niihsm. of tha Conner Creek mine.
owned by Albert Wiser, father of th
boy. when th truck got beyond Oll
ham'a control. Oilham Jumped, but
young Gelser turned somersault with
the big marhln and finally alighted
In some bushes. Th truck was badly
13 JINX BRAVED ALL WAY
Albany Mayor Start on Friday,
13th; Plana Many 13-Day Stops.
ALBANY. Or, Aug. 14 (Special.)
Dennia Cormier. Mayor of Lebanon. Is
not superstitious. He and his wife
left for a long trip on Friday, th
13th, and th so-called fateful figure
will play a larg part in their Journey.
They left on train 11 on th Southern
Pacific Mr. Cormier ald they will
pas IS day at San Francisco. II day
at Los Angeles. 1Z day at San Diego,
and 1 day In Tosemlt Vslley. They
plan to arrive In their home at Leb
anon on October IS.
OIL DEAL IN CHINA FAILS
Standard Fall to Conclude Ex
ploitation Contract In Prfcin.
rv-iM An v i. w. E. Betnla. vlce-
presldent of the Standard Oil Company
of New Tork. departed for the United
States today, having failed to conclude
a permanent contract with the Chinese
government for the exploltstlon or oil
fields of China.
The Standard Oil Company entered
into a preliminary agreement with
China last year for the development of
oil districts in tne noruiern pan ox
tha country. This agreement expire
CAMERA TO READ METERS
New York Instala Device to Insure
NEW TORK. Aug. 14. Gas meter In
New York hereafter will be read .by
photograph In order to Insure absolute
accuracy. Meter readers will be
equipped with a camera which At over
the indicator of th gas meter.
By pressing a button light I thrown
on the dial and exposure made showing
the amount of gas burned.
Special Courses Held
ENGINEER 6IYES LESSONS
Grenades Are of Eight Kinds,
FUSE SET TO 5 SECONDS
Asphyxiating Bomb Are Not Poison
ous, but Can Rout Sneezing
IY -New Aerial Torpedo
.Fired by Special Gun.
BT RALPH PLLIT7.BR.
(Special correspondent of th New Yerk
World. Cop right, jma. ty id rrmt -
lishing Company. Published, by arrange
FIELD HEADQUARTERS OF THE
FRENCH ARMT. Aug. . I hav Just
had a most Interesting experience, that
of attending a soldier' school of bomb'
throwing. Th military authorities per
mitted my presence aa an exceptional
favor. I am Informed that I am th
first foreign civilian to whom this priv
ilege hs been accorded. .
This particular school holds its classes
In a larg green field In a peaceful
little valley within long artillery rang
of tha firing line. No German shells,
however, have hitherto distracted the
pupils from their rather gruesome les
son, and I will not endanger their con
tinued studies by giving a mora defi
nite description of the locality.
Privates Attend SrhooL
This school la attended by private
from each regiment, who spend four
daya at their highly explosive studies.
Toward th middle field, about 200
yards from one end and about 300 from
the other, waa a section of open trench
about SO yards long and some four feet
deep. Thl trench w about th usul
three feet In width except In It cen
ter, wher for about five feet It wa
recevsed back to a width of some six
feet. This was where tha French In
structor tood and whlr'ed his arm to
throw the bomb. A couple of feet to
the left of this recess waa another re-
cesa covered with a bomb-proof roof
of logs and earth.
Into this th Instructor and his pupil
sought refuge from the effects of th
bomb explosion. As the explosion really
Is terrlflo and takes place at the long
est only five seconds from th time
the mechanism of the bomb Is started,
and at a maximum distance of 30 yards,
the Instructor and anyone In the trench
with him have got to be exceedingly
spry In running under the bombproof
In order to beat the bomb. There Is,
too, the danger of a premature explo
sion. Oae Coloael Killed Oatrlght.
To make me feel mofe entirely at my
ease, they told me that only a few days
go an officer of explosives brougnt a
Colonel to aee on of these demonstra
tions In another school, behind a dif
ferent part of th line. A they came
to the entrance of th trench the officer
politely made way for the Colonel to
enter the trench first. As the colonel
did so. the bomb exploded prematurely
and killed the Colonel outright.
About 20 yards In front of the trench
waa dug a shallow dummy trench to
represent a German target. Some 150
yards further distant wss set up a
section of wire entanglements. We
found the 12S soldiers ranged in line
a few yards behind the trench. At
the edge of the trench I took my place
with the Captain of explosives and
three or four other officers. The In
fantrymen lined up two deep behind us.
In the open recess In the trench stood
i 'nnclc,le1 on pace . Column 1.)
EVENTS IN THE PAST
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TKSTERDAri Maximum temperature. II
degrees; minimum, 6i degrees. .
TODAT'8 Fair; northwesterly winds.
Borne says Kaiser replied to Pope approving
peace move If enemies make first over
tures. Section 1. page 7.
Don-lnance ot coal Yields of Europe passes
t m hands of allies to Auatro-Uermans.
ctlon 1. pace .
E i B. Lanj-on writes of volunteer nun
.. irk and 1'te I
4 " i
-- rowing la Is
ns pressln n
fj. ulan seec II
(ra and I te in lungiaoa. oecuon a.
sttends school of bomb-
net. Section l, pass l.
na pressln n towara eoumern eaa
malsn sect line. oection j. i.
on Paris Is suspected. Sec-
ttoa 1, page ,
Democrats fear effect or vacillating Mexican
policy on party pwevi. ,-e
Text of appeal to Mexican factions Sv5KfOf . C
....... i. p... l - tvf.raders- Still Nervous Over
Civilians who attend four weeks' Camp at
San Francisco may be recommended for
volunteer army commlssiona. Section 1.
British move to grow more wheat may oe
reason for cancellation of orders. Sec
tion 1, pace L
New Tork Mayor to be private in army for
two weeks. Section 1, page 2.
Georce C Brownell denounces prohibition
act as ignoring wishes of people, bec-
tlon 1. pace a.
Petition filed sttscklng Clarke County tim
ber cruise and asking tnat contract oe
set aalde. Section 1. pace .
Seine fishers at Send Island take It tons of
salmon in two Hours. Big wees expecieu.
Section 1. page .
gfwieen rnmmlnlnn firms to face prosecu
lion for defying new law. Section L
Merit rating of Industrial Insurance system
is urseo. section J. page .
Idsho launches campaign against Federal
control of water power, section 1, pace a.
Paclflo Coast League results: Vernon .
Portland S; Loe Angeles 7. Oakland 1;
Salt Lake V, San Fraocleco 7. Section z.
l.rl. fnAthAll nminiwla lose rosv SSDSCt with
. announcement that seven stars will be
lost Section z. pegs 4.
Championship athletic contests at Fair to
CO oown in niatory as greatest m-wwr
In United States, section z. page
Joe Tyler snd Miss Be rah Livingstone win
. tennis cbamDionamps at Bcaiue. oec-
tlon .2. psce 1.
Sam Bellah to train bard to break world's
pole vsult record, bectlon 2, psc
City League teams to plsy two gsmes to
day. Section Z. page .
Manr i len to. enter golf tournament at
Uearhart. Section 2. page 3,
Seals likely to lose four stare by draft and
otherwise. Section 2. page 6.
Captain Doyle, of Giants, leads. league with
.328. Section 2. page Z.
Henry Berry wants to hav 20.000 stock
holders for Seals. Section 2. page z.
Suggestions sre made for changes In golf
rules. Section 2. page g.
Harry Vardon tells of matches lost by try
ing too nara. becuon z, page o-
Toc White tells how yonng pitchers can
learn control. Section 2. page 3.
Jack Ness drops few points In batting. Sec
tion 2. page 4.
Norman Boss wins Marathon swim. Bec
tlon 2, psc 4. y
Zimmerman In fight with one of own team
mates. Section 2. - page 1.
Bed Sox win etormy- gsm from Washing
. tpn Americans. Section 2, page 1.
" Commercial and Marine.
Wife of river steamer esptsln applies to be
examined ror pilot's uoense. section t,
Wheat bids In Northwest are shsrply re
duced. Section Z; page IB.
Large receipts snd decline In exchange de
presses wheat at Chicago. Section 2. pace
Portland and Vicinity.
Council to begin work on 1016 budget, fac
Ing deficit on December 1. Tax levr
probably sill be higher. Section 1
'"Billy," ss clew, leads to si-rest of couple
on charge or stealing auto, oecuon j,
S. Benson anfl party leave for San Fran
cisco to sttend "Benson dsy- fair ex
ercises. Section 1. page 15.
Plan to bring about peace In Mexico urged
by priest after Investigation. Section z,
Survey of route of road around base of
Mount Hood Is begun. Section 1
Blvers snd harbors committee of lower
house of Congress to visit Oregon this
week. Section 1. page li.
Colonel tteorga A. Pop and Jsmes C. Emery
to strive in Portland tomorrow. Sec
tion 1, psce 12.
Wastefulness of red tape in City Purchase
Buresu is pointed out. section -i.
Streetcsr conductor killed by woman auto
Isu Section 1. pace 1.
New Tork State Moose majority oppose
party "surrender." Section 2. psce 14.
Mr. Bsker progresses with municipal bathing-house
plans. Section 2, page 14.
Forest Grove men wins prise ss best boost,
er of his borne town. 8ectlon 2. psge 14.
Land Show plsns progress. Section 1.
Bench and bar to gsther next week. Sec
tlon 1, page 14.
Guard wilt plav at war at Clacksmss ,for
public tomorrow. - Section 1, psge 13.
Aloranse sre won by hospitality of city.
Section 1. page 10.
Merchants elated as Buyers', week surpasses
greatest expectations. Section 1, psge 1".
Flnsnclng symphony orchestra concerts be
gins. Section I, psge 11.
Osks offers triple bill today. Section 1.
WEEK'S NEWS INSPIRE
BRITAIN MAY GROW
ITS WHEAT AT HOME
Guarantee of Minimum
CHpr-n -;: :m is bearish
- tV TA
Caricellations of Orders.
CANADA RUMOR ALARMS
Story That Steamer Corinthian Was
Torpedoed In Gulf of St- law
rence Contributes to Unset
tled Market Condition.
CHICAGO, Aug. 14. (Special.)
While the reason for th cancellation
of grain contracts by Great Britain.
Franc and Italy remains an unolved
mystery, a cable from London today
may prove enlightening.
According to the message, the British
Cabinet I considering important rec.om
mendatlons concerning the supply of
food, particularly wheat, mad by the
commission appointed on June 1, by the
Earl of Selborne, president of the Board
of Agriculture, with Lord Milner as
Home Supply Counted Oa.
The nature of the report is guarded
closely, but it is Intimated the recom
mendatlons Include plans to increase
the home-grown supply of wheat by
guaranteeing to producers a minimum
price for their product.
The London Times urges the gov
ernment to act promptly, pointing out
that farmers are gathering the present
harvest and must decide on the uses of
their land in the coming season.
Cash wheat dropped 5 to 7 cents a
bushel today on the Chicago Board of
Trade, in a market still nervous as
result of the recent cancellation 1 of
Traders Pazsled by Eyests.
- While many traders, including James
A. Patten, believed the action had been
taken by the foreigners for the pur
pose of market manipulation and sub
sequent, purchases at lower prices.
others were puzzled by these events:
A Canadian exporter telegraphed
from Toronto that he had cancellations
A Baltimore house received a cable
from its Paris agent, asking a basis on
which flour contracts could be can
Most of the export houses did not
receive export bids on -wheat, but at
the close a New Tork house reported
that 500,000 bushels had been sold
Patte. Reported Selling.
September wheat broke 2 cents to
day and showed a loss of 6 cents
from the high point Wednesday, when
the cancellation sales were announced.
September finished today at $1.05 H.
James A. Patten, who bought on Fri
day, was said to have sold today and
to have said the foreign . cancellations
might be due to lack of money to pay
for the wheat next month or to the
expectation of buying later at lower
Rumors were current again on the
Board of Trade that the steamer Cor
inthian had been Attacked by a subma
rine and that the steamer had been
beached near - the mouth of the St.
Lawrence River. These reports could
not be confirmed, but advices were
understood to have been received from
Canadian sources, partially confirming
this report and also saying that ships
scheduled to take on Canadian troops
had not loaded.
Unconfirmed reports were current In
Board of Trade circles after the close
M'nnelnded on Page rt. Column S.I
THE PEN OF CARTOONIST REYNOLDS.
Saturday's War Moves
AFFAIRS in the Balkans are ap
proaching a crisis. While diplo
matic negotiations are proceeding in
an effort to induce states still neu
tral to cast their lot with one side
or the other, the central powers have
massed troops on the Balkan fron
tiers. Their plan, it is supposed, is
to force a way through to relievo
what is believed to be Turkey's need of
This concentration, which has been
followed by an artillery attack on
Serbian positions, is really a menace
to Bulgaria, which has again refused
to permit shells to pass through her
territory to Turkey. The Roumanian
army already is partly mobilized and
four new divisions of reserves now
have been called out. Bulgaria has
as yet made no move while "awaiting
the reply of the quadruple entente
to her demand that Serbia and Greece
concede Macedonia to her in return
for her military support. This
answer probably will be forthcoming
after- the meeting of the Greek and
Serbian Parliaments next week.
While the Serbians point out what
they consider the unfairness of the
Bulgarian demand, they show an in
clination to make some concessions to
obtain the support of their former ally.
Greece is more firm in her refusal,
but It is believed in "some quarters
that there may be a change in her
policy when ex-Premier 'enizelos re
turns to power, although he has a
strong pro-German party opposed to
him, and according to a telegram from
Berlin last night. King Constantine
will offer him the premiership only
on the understanding that strict neu
trality shall be maintained.
This was the point on which the King
and M. Venizelos disagreed when a
new Cabinet was appointed and parlia
ment was dissolved. Inasmuch as M.
Venizelfis was supported by the peo
ple at a general election, it was
thought the King might fall into line,
but the dispatch from Berlin indicates
he has not changed his views. Should
Bulgaria attack Serbia, however,
Greece is bound by treaty obligations
to support Serbia as her ally.
With an apparent Improvement of
the Russian situation on the eastern
front, there are renewed expressions
of confidence in the allied countries.
Tha Russians declare they are contin
uing to drive the Germans back from
Riga and west of Dvinsk, and still are
keeping them away from the fortress
of Kovno. Although the Austro-Ger-mans
continue their victorious advance
in the center and southwest, the ab
sence of official reports of any mention
of the capture of guns or munitions
Indicates thaT the towns and positions
which are being occupied by the invad
ers all are evacuated before their ar
rival. Field Marshall von Mackensen has
resumed his advance between the Vie
prz and the Bug after having been de
layed for several days by Russian
counter attacks, which finally over
came hi cavalry, once before driven
back several miles from Vladova on
the Bug, and again when approaching
Tho unit development on the west
ern front is the German assertion of
another local success in the Argonne.
The French report declares all attacks
were repulsed. -
2 LINERS TO USE PACIFIC
Siberia and Corea May Ply Between
San Francisco and Xew York.
SAN 'FRANCISCO, Aug. 14. The two
liners Siberia and Korea, sold yester
day by the Pacific Mail Steamship Com
pany to the Atlantio Transport Com
pany, along with the Manchuria. Mon
golia and China, probably will continue
to sail from San Francisco, running
between here and New York, It was
announced todaj'. The Manchuria and
Mongolia, probably will be used in the
The live vessels will operate In the
several services of the International
Mercantile Marine Company, of which
the Atlantic Transport Company is one
of several subsidiaries.
The probable use of the vessels was
told in a message received here today
by T. 11. Larke, general passenger agent
of the International Mercantile Marine
Company from P. A. S. Franklin, of
New York, vice-president of the company.
GAR W KILLED BY
I I AUTO DRIVER
Mrs. Turner Arrested,
but No Charge Filed.
J. P. GATES ACCIDENT VICTIM
Wife of Automobile Man Be
35-MILE SPEED CHARGED
Sergeant Kills, AYlio Made Arrest,
Finds Impact of Collision Knocks
Victim About. 2-0 Feet.
Auto Slides 2 30 Feet.
-J. P. Gates, a streetcar conductor,
who lives at 336 East Forty-second
street North, was killed almost In
stantly last night, when he was
knocked down by an automobile driven
by Mrs. W. T. Turner, 429 East Twenty-first
street North, at Hast Twenty
eighth street and Sandy boulevard.
Mrs. Turner was sent to the police
station by Sergeant Ellis, who asserted
that the. automobile was going 35 miles
an hour at the time of the accident.
No charge was placed against Mrs.
Turner last night.
Victim Knocked -0 Feet.
Mr. Gates had Just stepped out of a
store and walked into the street from
behind a woodpile. The automobile was
coming towards the business section of
The Impact of the collision knocked
Mr. Gatea about 20 feet. The body fell
across the car track, and directly in
front of an inbound Rose City car. The
car stopped with the fender only a few
Inches from the body.
Mrs. Turner threw on the brakes and
locked the rear wheels of the auto
mobile. The car slid, and continued
after Gates had been knocked down.
Sergeant Ellis, who witnessed the acci
dent, eaid that he stepped off the dis
tance the car slid, and that It was about
230 feet. ...
Woman Becomes Hysterical.
Mrs. Turner became hysterical. Her
husband, who was with her in the ma
chine, hurried back to aid the Injured
Dr. Hynson, ot the Corbett building,
was In the inbound streetcar. He
jumped off and administered first aid.
He said that Mr. Gates had a fractured
skull, four broken ribs, and that both
of the man's legs were fractured.
With tha aid of Sergeant Kills and
Patrolman Crane, the physician car
ried Mr. Gates into the home of L. F.
Rydberg, 871 Sandy boulevard. He
died vabout six minutes after lie was
Mr. Gates was about -10 years old.
He Is survived by a widow and one son,
aged 10 years. The body was taken
to the morgue by Deputy Coroner
W. T. Turner Is the office manager
of the White Automobile Company.
ITALIANS PREPARING COUP
New General Attack to Be Made on
Plateau of Carso.
TJDINE, Italy, Aug. 14, via Psris,
Aug. 15. General Cadorna, the Italian
commander-in-chief, haa virtually com
pleted preparations for a new general
attack on the Austrian along the Ison.
xo-Rlver, according to information re
ceived from the front.
These operations are intended to re
sult In the occupation of the Carso
plateau, which, it is expected, would
lead to the early fall of Gorizia, leav
ing the road open for the march to
Trieste. ' .