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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (July 25, 1915)
Pages 1 to 16
VOL. XXXI V. XO. 30.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MOIi.MXG, JLLY 2,, 1915.
lMUCi: FIVE CEXTS.
1000 DROWN AS
Excursionists Perish With
in Few Feet of Shore.
MY ARE STILL IN HULL
Picnic of 7000 Employes of
Electric Company and Their
Friends Ends Tragically.
RESCUE EFFORTS FUTILE
Large Proportion of Women
and Children Among Vic
K tims of Disaster.
CHICAGO, July 24. A thousand
persons lost their lives in the Chi
cago River today by the capsizing of
the excursion steamer Eastland, while
warping from its wharf with more
than 2400 employes of the "Western
Electric Company and their relatives
and friends on board, bound for a
pleasure trip across Lake Michigan.
After ceaseless work all day and
far into the night, the bodies of 842
victims of the catastrophe, most of
them women and children, were col
lected from the temporary morgues
and taken to the Second Regiment
Coroner Makes Estimate.
When these bodies had been tagged,
Coroner Hoffman, taking into con-
sideration estimates of bodies thought
to be in the hold of the steamer lying
on its side in the river and in the
stream itself, said he had hopes that
the total dead would not exceed 1000.
The Eastland, said by marine archi
tects to have been top-heavy and bal
lasted in an uncertain manner, turned
over inside of five minutes after it
began to list, pouring its passengers
into the river, or imprisoning them in
its submerged hull.
Many Drown Near Land.
Every effort was made by thou
sands of persons on the river wharf
to rescue the drowning men, women
and children, but many drowned al
most within grasp of the river bank
Mothers went to death while their
children were snatched to safety
Other children died in the arms of
their parents, who were finally saved.
Hundreds of girls, freed for a day
from their tasks of making telephones
and other electrical apparatus in the
factory of the Western Electric Com
pany, dressed in their smartest white
frocks, drowned miserably.
Factory Street in Mourning.
Kolin avenue, a small street near
the factory of the Western Electric
Company, was in universal mourning
tonight. Every house lost from one to
all its occupants in the disaster. And
many of the ill-fated residents of
this street tonight lay in the morgue
or beneath the steel hull of the East
land, over which searchlights shot
(Concluded on Page 6. Column 5.)
CARTOONIST REYNOLDS SETS DOWN HIS IMPRESSIONS OF SOME NEWS EVENTS OF THE WEEK. J
mm - KvK" i wW Mil yy (4
CAUSE IS MYSTERY,
SKIPPER . ON" BRIDGE WIIEX
VESSEL IS OVEHTCRXED.
Years of Experience on Lakes and
Ocean Said to Hold No Solu
tion of Great Tragedy.
CHICAGO. July 24. Captain Harry
Pedersen, 57 years old, of Benton Har
bor. Mich., who was in command of
the steamer Eastland, said today:
"I was on the bridge and was about
ready to pull out when I noticed the
boat began to list. I shouted orders
to open the Inside doors nearest the
dock and give the people a chance to
get out. The boat continued to roll,
and shortly afterward the hawsers
broke and the steamer turned over
on its side and was drifting toward
the middle of the river.
"When she went over, I Jumped and
held on to the upper side. It all hap
pened in two minutes. The cause is a
mystery to me. I have sailed the lakes
25 years and previous to that sailed on
salt water 12 years and this is the first
serious accident I ever had. I do not
know how it happened."
TURKS' ATTACK REPULSED
General Hamilton Reports Victory
for Allies In Sharp Fight.
LONDON, July 24. Official announce
ment was made here today that the
Turkish forces at the Dardanelles have
made a new attack on the allies and
have been repulsed. The text of the
"Sir Ian Hamilton reports that In
the southern section about 3 P. M., yes
terday, the Turks attacked the north
ern trenches on our left flank. Our
front trenches in that neighborhood
were shelled rather heavily.
"Under cover of the bombardment a
small force of Turks dashed for our
sapheads. Two of our machine guns
at once opened fire, and the survivors
retired, leaving 49 dead Turks lying in
front of our trenches. Probably more
were out of sight, as our shrapnel was
"The whole affair lasted 20 minutes."
AUTO MOVING HOUSEHOLD
Salem Party Crossing Continent
Carry Conveniences and Pets.
HOOD RIVER. Or.. July 24. (Spe
cial Accompanied by W. E. Llgon.
Mr. .and Mrs. C W. Keely, of Salem,
who passed through Hood River en
route to Chicago by automobile, were
enjoying all the little domestic Joys
of home life. Singing merrily ln its
cage, attached to the raised hood of
the car, was a little canary bird. The
tonneau of the machine was divided by
Mrs. Keely with a 3-weeks-old pup
and another dog, a family favorite.
Toilet articles were suspended from
hood braces and robe rack and seemed
as much at home as though the ton
neau had been the closet of milady's
FOREST FIRE IS RAGING
Residences and Farms Near Grants
Pass May Be In Danger.
GRANTS PASS, Or., July 24. (Spe
cial.) A big forest fire, which started
this morning near the granite pit, one
mile west of town, has been raging
all day, and rapidly approaching town.
No alarm is felt for the outlying res
idences, as that section was burned
over a year or so ago.
There Is some danger to the small
farmers Just beyond the city . limits.
and if the wind from the north stiffens
tonight or tomorrow the fire 'may
spread westward along the low hills
to the large farms and orchards of the
Salvation Army Auditor Here.
Colonel Bates, the international Sal
vatlon Army auditor, will speak here
today at 207 Salmon street. Colonel
Bates has Just come from British Co
lumbia and Is on his way to Japan. He
will be here all day.
Divers Hastened Into
STEEL PLATES CUT WITH FIRE
Morgues Extemporized Near
by on Water-Front.
MANY OF INJURED WILL DIE
Efforts to Resuscitate Those Taken
From River Seldom Successful.
Baby Taken "Alive From
Heart of Vessel.
CHICAGO, July 24. Stories of hero-
Ism In connection with the disaster to
the steamer Eastland were almost as
numerous tonight as the number of
persons on the scene immediately after
the disaster. Boats took rescued pas
sengers to the wharf or to the steam
er Theodore Roosevelt, which had tied
up near the upset Eastland. In an hour
the water was cleared of excursionists.
The bodies that had not been taken to
land had sunk or were swirling along
the river towards the drainage canal
locks at Lock port. 111., many miles
away. The locks were raised to stop
the current and arrangements were
made to take bodies from the river
along its course through the southwest
part of Chicago.
IMvera Hastem lo Scene
Shortly after the water was cleared
ship engineers and helpers were on the
exposed side of the Eastland's hull
cutting through its steel plates with
gas flames. Divers were hurried into
underwater suits. A bridge of
boats was formed between the pier
and the capsized ship. As thi. divers
gained entrance to the hull the scene
of distress moved for the time being
from the river to the extemporized
morgues. Warehouses of wholesale
companies clong the river were thrown
open and bodies were laid in i wa n
Scores of persons taken from the
water were severely injured, and these
were taken to the Iroquois Hospital,
built in memory of the 600 women,
children and a lew men who were
burned and crushed to death in the
Iroquois Theater New 1 ear's eve sev
eral years ago.
Kew Are Kcanacltated.
.Efforts to resuscitate those taken
from the river were unsuccessful ex
cept in two or three instances. It was
said that many of those injured would
The whole city was soon in conster
nation over the catastrophe. Word of
the accident spread rapidly, and to the
thousands already at or near the wharf
other thousands added themselves. The
Clark-street bridge, near the wharf,
was crowded until it threatened to col
lapse. Streets had to be cleared by the
police to allow the movement of am
Business men sent their automobiles
and anotor trucks to help aid the In
jured and carry away the dead. One
warehouse soon was filled with bodies
and other dead were taken to the Sec
ond Regiment Armory, a mile away.
City Draped In Hoaralaa;.
Mayor Thompson was In San Fran
cisco and Chief of Police Healy was
also out of town, but Acting Mayor
tiloorehouse sent out a request that the
city display signs of mourning. Flags
on public buildings were placed at half
mast and many places were draped
with mourning. Baseball games were
postponed and festivities largely
While those on land were disposing
Concluded on Page , Column 3.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 64
decrees; minimum, wb degree.
TODAY'S Sunday, fair; northwesterly
One thousand persons lose lives when ex-
currlon steamer Eaatland aapalxed t pier
In Chicago River, taction 1, page 1.
Work of rescue ts quickly under way. Sec
tion 1. page l.
Federal, state and local Investigations be-
cun at once, section 1. paae 1.
Eastland's captain says cause la mystery.
ixcuon l, page l.
Many driven insane by disaster. Section 1.
Eastland catastrophe la laid to carelessness.
section 1. page o.
Removal of bod lea from vessel's hull de
scribed. Section 1, page 6.
Chicago Mayor and other officials hasten
home from ban Iranclaco. .section 1.
Eastland dtnaater Is greater than, on 81o-
cum. Section 1, page .
People driven on to overloaded upper deck
by steamer crew. Section 1, page
Berlin is expected to modify views - as re-
t' or latest
1. page 1.
French making all their own munition.
Section 1, page 5 f
Anne Shannon Monroe misses old-time fire
In Colonel's speech. Section 1. page 1.
Auto route from Redding to - Los Angeles.
Cal.. declared iuai py biitm man. sec
tion 1. page 8.
Roosevelt denounces effort to "Chlnaf jr
United States. Section 1. page u.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 5-S,
alt Lake 4-Z!; San Francisco 3. L.oa An
geles '2; Vernon 4. Oakland 3 tlif Innings).
- Section 2. page 1.
Parsons. Elliott and I-ents take principal
honors at auto races. SectUm 2. page 2.
Deputy Sheriff at Federal League game la
foiled by umpire. Section page 3l
Triple play features Cleveland's double vic
tory over Athletics. Section 2. page 2.
Brooklyn tightens hold on second place in
.NaUonal League. Section 'J page 1.
Ty Cobb pushes his batting average up to
.408. Section '2. page 5.
Vancouver shot Is first among amateurs at
Tacoma. Section page 4.
Roscoe Kawcett sees big league talent In
Coast teams. Section 2, page 1.
Coast League feeding batters Increase aver
ages In week. Section 2, page 3.
Spokane and Seattle welcome at any time
in Coast Lesgue. says J udge McCredie.
Section 2, pegs 5.
Matty says baseball is always honest. Sec
tion 2. page 5.
Harry U. Smith thinks Bobby Jones Is not
quite rsdy for major league ba.L Sec
tion 2. page 3.
Stanford Is left w fthout much chance for
football. Section 2, psge 4.
Possibility exists that Stanford may give up
rugby. Section 2. page 4.
Redmen meet Sell wood for league leader
ship today. Section 2. page 4.
Northwest track men not expected to win
contesta at fair. Section 2. page 4.
Golf champion gives advice to players. Sec
tion . page 4,
Big attendance expected at Oregon State
tennis tournament. Section X, page
Mr. Hay announces he Is not candidate
for Washington Governorship. Section
1. page 6. k
Kidnaper of Idaho rancher student of
philosophers. Section 1, page 3.
Bull Moose hope for Colonel's retention tn
party cllntr. Section 1. page O.
Netatorluxn de51r :un it Pendleton draws
biz crow section 1, page b,
Oregon rural school exhibit at fa(r draws
attention of ducators world over. Sec
. tion I, page t.
Vancouver merchants art gay; at picnic. Sec.
iion l, page v.
Commercial and Marine,
Highbury will load lumber, supposedly for
war. section z. page 14.
Half -mill ton-pound Idaho wool clip Is con
signed. Section 2, page 33
Chicago wheat market higher on black rust
reports Section 2. page 13.
Pacific Coast chamtera of commerce oppose
Government ownership of merchant ma
rine. Section 2. page 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
New manager of Portland Chamber off
Comniene comes with record of high
efficiency. Section 1. page 12.
Washington 8ons of Revolution take promt
nent part In recent convention here
Section 1, page 13.
All citizens asked to Inspect Columbia
Highway Labor Day. hectlou 1. page lu.
M rs. SC. T. Allen, wi f e of Port land m 1-
slonary In Persia, announces safety but
tells of horrors. Section 1. page 11.
Top prices for apples in prospect. Section
2, page 14.
John Philip Sousa and his band at the
uaks today ana tomorrow. section l.
First delegates to osteopathic convention
are due this week. Section 1, page 14.
John Hurkn, Treasurer of 1'nlted States.
visitor in Portland. Section 1. page
Charities campaign ends with 40iX sub
script Ion. Section 1, page 13.
Depletion of city funds la Inevitable. Sec
tion 1, page 1
Lack of economy cause of crisis In city's
financial affairs. Section 1. page 1..
Cincinnati "See America First" tourist
party Is due today. Section 1 page 13.
Industrial Trade Commission will in vest I
gale conditions here. Section 1, page 10,
New customers to be gained by Portland
merchants Buyers' week. Section 2.
U. S. cruiser Albany arrives today to take
naval militia on annual cruise. bee
tlor. 1, page 13.
Weather report, data and forecast. Section
2. page 14.
Life and services of Thomas O'Dsy eulo
gized by associates. Section 1, page 1'.
CAUSE OF ACCIDENT
IS SOUGHT AT ONCE
Federal, State, Local
COMPANY OFFICERS ARRESTED
'reparations for Inspection of
Vessel Are Made;
RAISING TO BE TRIED
Health Officer Arranges to Purify
Chicago River as Precaution
Against Epidemic Caused
by Bodies in Water.
CHICAGO. July 14. Moves toward
sweeping Investigations of the disaster
to the steamer Eastland were under
way today long; before the bodies had
been taken from the hull of the over
Federal Judge Landls ordered a grand
Jury Impaneled to Investigate the catas
trophe. State's Attorney Hoyne pre
pared for a county grand Jury. Coroner
Hoffman selected a Jury to look Into
the cause of the deaths. The police ar
rested all the officers of the Eastland
and the health commissioner arranged
to purify the river for fear death might
be spread by the presence of so many
bodies in the stream.
Vessel to Be laepeeted.
Arrangements were also made to set
at the sunken vessel to determine the
underlying: causes of the accident. Der
ricks on scows were taken to the side
of the Eastland and marine engineers
were engaged to make an Inspection
of the ship.
Coroner Hoffman announced Iste to
night that he had ordered the gYrest
of every official of the Indiana Trans
portation Company, which leased the
Eastland. No individuals were men
tioned In the Coroner's announcement.
Coroner Hoffman began the Inquest
late today. He had several photo
graphs of the boat taken and then or
dered it pumped out and raised. Chief
of Police Healey. who Inspected the
hull late in the afternoon, expressed
the opinion that there were still 100
bodies In the boat, which could not
be recovered until the boat Is raised
Passengers Ruk (a Mde.
That a sudden rush of passengers on
the deck of the Eastland to port side
to look at a speeding launch caused
the catastrophe, was the assertion of
Jack Elbert, gauge tender of the
He ealj he and J. M. Erlckson. chief
engineer, escaped drowning by wading
through water in the hatch and crawl
ing out of a hole Into the river.
"The steamer Eastland was kept
stable by means of a water ballast
system:" Elbert said. Water is pumped
Into the chambers In the ship until she
becomes steady. This was done before
even freight wss taken on board. The
first thing I noticed this morning was
that the Eastland begsn to lean to
starboard. Erlckson, the chief engl
necr, was in charge of the pumps used
to pump the water Into the chambers.
"lie said: 'Boys, steady her up a lit
tle. and then we pumped water into
the otner side until she waa up even
and all right. He had Just evened her
up when a launch came down the
river and passed the Eastland and the
crowd on deck rushed over to port
side to look at It. The weight all on
one side apparently proved too much
and the Eastland begsn to list badly.
"We worked frantically at the pumps
to try to bring her back."
Eye-witnesses informed the police
that there was a man In the launch
operating a moving picture camera and
that this attracted the attention of
passengers on the Eastland, who rushed
to one sile of the boat.
Saturday's War Moves
THE Austro-German armies seem
unable to force the Russians from
the Important position to the immediate
west of Warsaw and from the line
along the Lublln-Chelm railroad, but
German victories In Northern Poland
and north of the Polish capital have
tightened their grip on the city and
military critics say that the abandon
ment of Warsaw by the Russians again
becomes more probable.
- After weeks of battering, the Ger
man forces for the flrst time have
crossed the Narew River north of War
saw and now have a considerable
weight of men on the south bank of
that river, between the fortresses of
Kosan and Pultusk, which a Berlin
official statement describes as having
been stormed irresistibly. The com
munication. However, docs not say
whether the fortresses capitulated.
The fight In Southern Courland. ac
cording to German assertions, has re
sulted in something akin to a crushing
victory such as was familiar in wars
of former yesrs. General Von Buelow's
forces having cut off the Russian
retreat and delivered a body blow. It
said that the Germans cut up the
retiring troops badly, dispersing those
who were not killed, wounded or cap
tured. That the Russians are plainly hold
ing the Immediate Warsaw front la
plainly evidenced by a German official
statement, which refers to minor opera
tions in this area and tells of a com
paratively Insignificant number of
prisoners taken. Military critics say
this indicates that there have been no
serious attacks on either side, which
probably means that the Ur ians are
dug in, awaiting reinforcements and
some favorable circumstances, while
the Russians, from their strongholds,
are risking nothing in counter attacks.
The report of the Investment of Ivan-
gorod la now patently erroneous, as the
Germans speak of attacks west of the
city and. though asserting that ther
hurled the Russians across the Vistula
to the northward of the city, do not
contend that their forces obtained a
foothold on the eastern bank:
Mining and grenade throwing around
touches constitute about the only note
worthy event along the western front,
and this has brought no change in the
The Turks again nave assailed the
British left on the Galllpoll peninsula.
The attacking party approached the
British trenches with the snap that
they have heretofore shown, but the
Turks withered before the machine gun
fir and the British lost no ground.
Yesterday wss the anniversary of
Austria's ultimatum to Serbia, which
so soon was followed by the great
war. Little has been heard of the Ser
blan army for several moaths. but It
would cause no surprise If something
developed soon along this front witn
the Serbian forces.
312 JITNEYS PASS TESTS
Time to Take Out Permits Under
Xfw Law Kxplrcs; 3 6 ltcjccled.
Portland has 312 Jitneys. This waa
the total number that obtained permits
to operate under the city's new ordl
nance up to 5 o'clock last night, which
was the last hour for taking out per
mils. All Jitney drivers operating from
now on without a permit will be ar
It had been arranged to close down
on the Inspection at noon yesterday.
but Jitney Inspector Gallup was un
able to finish his work, so the time
was extended five hours. In that time
14 machines were examined. A total
ol 34 machines has been rejected.
GERMAN REFUGE ASKED
Aberdeen Urged to Offer Asylum to
Those "Persecuted in Canada."
ABERDEEN. Wash, July 24. (Spe
cial.) A clrculsr letter, urging the
-Aberdeen Chamber of Commerce "to
Invite the persecuted German residents
of Canada to come to Washington and
that they be 'assured equal protection
with other residents here. has been
received by X. P. Bryan, secretary.
The letter contains a resolution
drafted by the North Pacific Gymna
sium Union of America In session in
TO MODIFY VIEWS
Diplomats in Washing
SOLUTION APPEARS CLEAR
Opinion Is Germany Will Re
tire From Position.
NOTE GIVES OPPORTUNITY
Belief Prevails at Capital That Un
derstanding Now Kxlsts That
Submarines AVII1 Obscrtc
Kulcs of War.
BT LOUIS 6EIHOL.D.
WASHINGTON. July 14. (Special.)
The two views of the President's
lsst communication to the German gov
ernment relating to the issues grow
ing out of Germany's submarine policy
that excite tile 'greatest Interest, while
reached by different points of analysis.
agree as to the probable result of It.
This Is that, unless the German gov
ernment Is really Intent on picking a
quarrel witn the United Stales. Its
Ministers can find no legitimate provo
cation for one In the President's dec
laration of principle.
The consensus of opinion among offi
cials, legislators, the press and tha
public generally carries with It the.
fullest indorsement of the President's
Chnne (Jits la Back Down.
The diplomatic view is that, while
the President has couched his final
words in tho dispute with Germany in
forcible though polite language, he has
stretched a point to give the German
government sn opportunity.- to bark
down from tho stubborn altitude per
sisted in by it since the beginning.
The acceptance of this opportunity.
International authorities believe, will
not cause Germany loss of prestige
abroad or humiliation at home.
A bit harsh, but friendly.
German Viewpoint favorable.
The German viewpoint as reflected
In official circles is alnaularly favor
able. While Count von Bernstorff. the
German Ambassador, sedulously re
frains from making any comment re
garding It. there Is Justification for
the statement that his Interpretation
of the President's final declaration Is
that "while the first and last parts of
It are a trifle harsh as to language.
the rest of it is couched in most
Diplomatic opinion privately express
ed la decidedly optimistic as to a peace
ful outcome of the controversy between
the United States and Germany, unless,
as s-itd. the latter government fears the
possible consequences at home of what
might be regarded as a surrender of
The solution of the difficulty appears
to bo reasonably clear to diplomatists.
-ITofouaai ltearef Acceptable.
Germany has only to indicate her
profound regret at consequences to
American lives and Interests of Its
policy of making war on Great Brit
ain. Its enemy, and to continue the pre
cautions that it has observed since
the destruction of the Lusltania.
This will. It Is believed, be accepted
by tho United Elates if It is accom
panied by the expressed willingness
of the Kaiser's government to make
such material reparation as may ap
ply to the situstion.
The process by which it can be ac
complished according to lesding of
ficials of this Government and repre
sentatives of foreign nations accredited
to It. is decidedly simple. By making
the disavowal called for by the clr-
tl.'crrlu1d on rag 6. Column