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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (July 18, 1915)
Pages 1 to 18
VOL. XXXIV. XO. 29.
PORTLAND, OREGON. SUNDAY MORNING. JULY 18, 1915.
PKICi: FIVE CENTS.
Torpedo Misses Orduna by
Only Few Feat,
SHELLS FIRED BY PURSUER
Cunarder Has 22 Americans
on Board, Who Give Details
on Reaching New York.
HELP SLOW IN ARRIVING
Scene of Incident Is Within 20
Miles of Graveyard of
NEW YORK, July 17. The Cunard
liner Orduna bound from Liverpool to
New York with 227 passengers, inr
eluding 22 Americans, was attacked
without warning, it was learned on
her arrival here today, by a German
submarine on the morning of July 9.
Twenty miles from the graveyard
of the Lusitania, off Oldhead of Kin
Bale, the Orduna escaped the Lusi
tania's fate by half a second of time
or 10 feet of space, the German tor
pedo churning the water that distance
behind the liner's rudder. Then the
Orduna sped away. She was followed
by the submarine, which rose to the
surface, manned a . gun on her deck
find shelled the fleeing steamer.
Attack Made in Early Morning.
The attack was at 10 minutes to 6
o'clock in the morning, when all but
a few of her passengers lay sleeping
in their berths. Aroused by stewards,
the passengers dressed hurriedly and
went to the upper deck, where they
put on life belts and took their places
at the lifeboats. They heard the
scream of the shells and saw the
ocean spit up columns of water where
the shells struck.
When the fire grew hot, they were
ordered, for their own protection, to
the next deck below.
For half an hour the Orduna showed
her heels to the assailant. Through
marine glasses the passengers watched
the dark splotch on the water's sur
face astern. They saw the low-lying
German warship coming on with a
bone in her teeth, but the Orduna's
flight was faster than the pursuit and
after seven shots had been fired with
out effect, the submarine gave up the
Help Arrives in Four Hours.
A wireless call for help was sent
out by the Orduna when the torpedo
was seen. She was then 37 miles
south of Queenstown. The reply, Cap
tain Taylor says in his official re
port, was that help would be given
within an hour. It was four hours be
fore the first British vessel, an arm
ored yacht, the Jeannette, appeared.
Protest will be made to the Amer
ican Government by at least one citi
zen of the United States and possibly
others who were aboard. William C.
(Concluded on Faije
I W.iStV. r , , i-, V tnsrs jtCK - I IT-rr r-a-a II ll WWW I ft 1 1 U. r?Z7,J-- II II x C f nr-.M Vu.e- L f
TO QUIT CABINET
SECRETARY ITiARS EMBARRASS
MENT OF PATHER-IX-MW.
Several Business Offers Are Open
and Governorship of 'Reserve
Board Is in Pro?pcct.
WASHINGTON. July 17. (Special.)
It is reported again that Secretary Mc
Adon has expressed his intention of
leaving the Cabinet. In the coming
fight in behalf of President Wilson,
his father-in-law. he does not wish the
charge made againet him that he is in
the fight particularly for his own job.
and ho fears it may injure the Presi
dent to have a member of his own fam
ily in his Cabinet.
Several business offers have been
made Mr. McAdoo, among which is the
presidency of one of the largest bank
ing institutions of New York. His pre
decessors. Secretary Shaw and Secre
tary Gage, took advantage of such op
portunities and have become rich.
Secretary McAdoo could be the governor-general
of the Federal Reserve
Board it he would accept. The term
of Mr. Hamlin, the present governor,
expires the first of the year, and Mr.
McAdoo could then be appointed for
the long term on the Federal Reserve
Board. Mr. Hamlin is expected to make
the race in Massachusetts for Governor
or for United States Senator if the Ad
ministration is' behind him. and Mr. Mc
Adoo would be retained at the head of
the Federal Reserve Board, which he
There are two other resignations
scheduled for the first of tne year in
the Cabinet, and the fight for Wilson
durine the next year will be led by
new. and reinforced heads of the Ad
MARYE WILL NOT RESIGN
Ambassador to Russia Denies Step
Ever Was Contemplated.
PETEOGRAD, via London. July 17.
George T. Marye, Jr., the United States
Ambassador to Russia, when apprised
today of the report circulated in
America regarding his resignation
denied that he had ever contemplated
such a step.
"I have found my duties In Russia
most congenial and I am glad to have
an opportunity of rendering important
service at this' critical time," he said
"Nothing is further from my mind
than . a desire to abandon my duties.
Mrs. Marye will return to Petrograd
In the Summer."
ACME SOON TO SEE TRAIN
Siuslaw Line to Itcacli Most West
ern Point in Two Weeks.
EUGENE, Or., July 17. (Special.)
There will be train service to Acme
in two weeks, Willamette-Pacific of
ficials announced here today. The
ballasting will be completed by August
1 and temporary docks for taking
freight and passengers are being con
Acme is the most western point on
the railroad into the Siuslaw and
marks the turn of the Coos Bay line
southward along the coast. The es
tablishment of service to Acme will
tend to develop the coast beach re
CARTRIDGE SENT GOVERNOR
Minnesotan's "Stop This War" Box
Attributed to Joker.
ST. PAUL, July 17. A small paste
board box addressed to Governor Ham
mond and containing a cartridge, to
which was attached a fuse, was re
ceived by Secretary Andrlst in the Gov
ernor's office .in the capltol today.
The box was opened in police head
quarters and was found to contain no
means of exploding the cartridge.
Various trivial articles were also In th
box. which was finally regarded as th
work of a joker, though outside it bore
stickers reading "Stop this war."
Governor Hammond Is in Spokane,
WAR'S PHASES, SHRINERS'
JLIllHl I L H II - B,ssc? IMir
Issue May Turn on Ab
sence of Warning.
R0Y0GATI0N HELD LACKING
Vessel Without Munitions
Contraband in Cargo.
AMERICANS IN DANGER
Washington Expected to Call Facts
to Attention of German Govern
ment Lusitania Exchanges
WASHINGTON. July 17. Into the
grave situation that has developed be
tween the United States and Germany
over the sinking of the Lusitania was
thrust another issue today, when it was
revealed that the British steamer Or
duna, carrying a rcore of Americans.
had been attacked by a German sub
marine. Should first reports of an attempt to
torpedo without warning be borne out
by the official investigation about to
be instituted. It was Indicated in of
ficial quarters that the United States
probably would regard the incident as
adding a grave element to the already
strained relations between the two
tirave I'onaibllltlra Recognized.
Lacking information as to the cir
cumstances of the attack officials were
unable to predict tonight to what ex
tern wie urauni case would aggravate
tne situation: but they thought the
question would certainly compel serious
consideration by President Wilson and
his Cabinet in formulating the next
step in the policy of .the United States
toward the activities of German sub
marines and the. safey of Americans on
tne high seas.
Although the Orduna escaped unhurt
this in view of officials does not re
lieve the case of grave possibilities
The fact that a belligerent merchant
ship bound for the United States with
Americans on board and without arms
and ammunition or contraband cargo
which has been the reason assigned for
the provocation for previous attacks
was assailed while her passengers slept
convinced many officials that the
theory they had entertained of an
actual change in the practice of Ger
man submarine commanders apparently
had been dissipated.
Qiacstloa- of Waralwsr Inporlnl,
One point on which the entire case,
so far as the United States is con
cerned, may hinge is whether any at
tempt was made to halt the Orduna by
the customary warning signals, either
by flag, megaphone or shot across the
bow of the vessel.
As yet the case is not officially be
fore the State pepartment. but as soon
as some of the American passengers
file their statement of what took place
the question undoubtedly will be
brought immediately to the attention
of the German government for a report
from its submarine commander on the
circumstances of its attack.
The captain and officers of the
Orduna have said that no warning or
signal had been given when the tor
pedo was seen streaking through the
water. Officials here thought, there
fore, that any attempt made by the
Orduna to escape was probably Jus
tified. Her subsequent actions, they
believed, could be upheld in the in
terest of self-defense.
Americans Still In Dancer.
Irrespective of whether or not a sig
nal was given to the Orduna to halt or
whether the shots fired by the Ger-
(Concluded on Psge 6. Column
VISIT, LIBERTY BELL AND
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'P Maximum temperature. o
degree; minimum, js des;recs.
TODAY'S Funtlay fair, warmer: northerly
Liner Orduna with - Americans on board
attacked without warning br German
submarine. ejection 1. pas 1.
Washington finds Lajsltanta eschanse com
plicated by new Incident. fectloa 1.
Baron Rosenkrantz describes attack on and
successful fllgbt of Orduna. Section 1.
British m omen hold monster demonstration
to demand chance to make war muni
tions, hectlon 1. page 6.
British court hold l.usltsnla was torpedoed
Kith deliberate Intention o( destrolos
Uvea. Section 1, page 6.
Welsh miner.? refus settlement: Brltsln pre
pares to enforce "oo strikes' act. -section
1. pas -!
Kronen Minister saa huge ir debts will
limit future armameuta. Section S. paga .
War I backward tp In evolution says
Will Irwin. Section 1. page 1
Russian Regiments have, patron tow ns. Sec.
tint 1, page lu.
Villa massing troops for stand at Torreon.
cccuun i, page z.
McAdoo expected to resign from Cabinet.
Section 1, pae 1.
Students In camp In sight of Fair study
war tactics. Section 1, page
Mr. Bourne's press bureau to have revival
In one to be opened hy National Pro
gressive Republican Union. Section !
Wheat area of vorul Increased generally,
despite war. Section 1. psga It.
Mazamaa In camp on Mount Shasta mak
ascents daily. Eectlon 1. page a.
San Francisco 4-2 (first ganio lu In-
nlngai; Los Angeles 2, Vernon 0; Oak
land a. Salt Lake I. Section IS. pag 1
Loss of three stars likely to prove expansive
in Far western stakes, section z. page e.
White Sox retain American leadership br
winning second game of double-header
from Boston. Section 2, paga 1.
Cube defeat Phillies despite Alexander.
Section 2. page 1.
Track and field records broken at Central
meet. Section page 2.
Jack Ness holds bat leadership.' Section 2.
Slim Love leads Coast pitchers on new
rating system. Section 2, page 2.
Portland nlmrods prepare for big ahoot at
Tacoma. Tuesday. Section 2, page S.
Matty denounces t'mptr Eaten for catling
strike a ball. Section 2, paga 3.
Maurice Mclaughlin wins wonderful five-set
tennis match from Wlulara Johnston.
Section 2, page 2.
Senator Borah brings rrtela hy stand for
lduho primary law. Section 1. paga t,
Flying la pastime of Portland druggist, who
naa built hlpiane. election l, pag J.
Conference advises rhangea In school sye
tern. Section 1, page 10.
Colonel TE. Hofer describes wonders of trip
by automobile to Redding. Cal. Section
1. p-vge 3.
Real Issue In Washington patronage fight
la future Democratic power. Section 1
pa go 0.
Work on Roseburg-Rock Creek railroad to
begin by August 10. Section 1. pag S,
Moonshiners still In wilds of McKenxle
raided. Two In Jail. Section 1. page
Moro experiment station Is success. Sec
, tlon L. page .
Rains lneflt crops about Baker and dam
ag hay la som other districts, eectlon
1. Pfge S.
rortlnnei and VleJelty.
Laundry convention opens tomorrow. See
tlon 1, page 10.
Noted Fhrlner bring up vanguard of pro
cession. section l. page 1-.
Failure to sell apples at auction at Boston
coms Northwest growers heavily. Sec
tton 1, page 13.
Buyers week -expected to bring more th
W merchants to city and purchases
$1.00u.0VO held likely. Section 1, pa
New rchool room device explains workln
of solar system at a glance. Section
Wisconsin t'nlverslty "land Is closing a
gagement at Th Osks. Section 1. pag
Columbia Hltrhway Park Is promised by
Forester tjravva. Section 1, paga II.
Colonel Ueorge A. Armee. famous soMI-
among first to arrlv rrom Kant for con
ventlon of Sons of American Revolu
tlon. Section I. pas la.
Dr. I'laxton shows what could be achieve
educational'? for cost of army msln
tenance. Section 1, page 10.
It. II. Schwarts outlines plan to brln
about settlement ami development
Oregon and California, grant lands. Sec
tlon 1, pag 14.
Ohio educators visiting city pralso Portlan
and State of Oregon, section I. page Id.
First Assistant Postmaster-General. Port
land visitor, tells how fresk addresses
Impair service. Section 1. pag -4.
Senator Tillman describes canal. Section
I. page 11.
Defense shows that commission on stock
ssles was only remuneration received by
Cashier officers. Section 1, peg 1.
Vernon Community House praised In article
. In Country tientleraan. Section 2, pag
Work on at three points on Montavllla
trunk sewer and Job is quarter Hon.
Section 2. pa-(e 14.
Art and oratory charm Chautauqua audi
ence. Section 1. page lu.
Georgians arrive in Portland by auto on
ls.uou-mlle tour. Section 2. pag 14.
Chamber of Commerce plesaed with G. E.
Hardy's acceptance of managership. Sec
tion 1. page 4.
P. A. Frakes Is host to merry crowd at
barn dance and dedication. Section 1.
VAR IS BACKWARD
STEP 111 EVOLUTION
dea Becoming Fixed
in Minds of Nations.
MILITARY FALLACY REJECTED
"Survival of Fittest" Not Rule
of Modem Battle.
BEST MEN ARE VICTIMS
Cannon Has Xo Eyes,' Quotes Will
Irwin, Pointing Out That Genius
Often Is Killed When Vntler
eized Dolt Is Spared.
BY WILL IRWIN.
(Copyright. 1!15. hy th New York Trib
une. Published by arrangement.)
NORTHERN FRANCE, June 20. It
taltes a long time usually for a new
idea to get itself fixed in the minds
of the nationa. In the normal count
of events the sound
and original thinker
Is fortunate, very
fnrlnnalA it V. m r- n
. .. r.- t
look forward to Im- t . ' j
planting nis idea in k .
two or tnree gener- . --iT--v It t'v
, Inn TK I 1 " V . "'
introduction to sn
rticie about the
war. but It must be
written. For I am
coming to some
thing fairly sensa
tional and perhaps
Will IrM im.
a good desl more aignif icant In the long
run than the retreats or victories o
this or thst srmy. In the brief period
between July, 1U. and June. 1911
new Idea, hardly coneidcred before the
war. has taken hold of the more
civilised nations of Western Kurope.
tlnv germ of thought has grown into
a full-fledged tree. What only a few
advanced scholars knew before, th
people of the workshops, the cottage
and the farms know now.
It Is this: War doesn't ray. ra
never ray again, because of its effect
on human breeding. It will weake
toward the vanishing point any breed
of men that ever undertakes it again.
Expressed in the language of th
schools. It is a bsckward step In evolu
Theory Discredited Before War.
I have talked war with British offl
cers and British Tommies, with Kng
llsh ladle of fashion and with Knglls
housewlves. with French Deputies snd
French cabmen, with French dress
makers and French mondalnea. and I
all minds slike I find the same Idea
fixed. What la to become of the Frenc
race and the British race yes. and th
German race if this thing keeps up?
All of which wss a new. obscure ai
perhaps rather discredited theory be
fore the war. It was seldom put for
ward as an argument to prove the foil
of warfare. Even Norman Angell I
his peace classic. "The Great Illusion."
devotes only a page or so to this as
pect of the subject, and he writes at
this point rather hazily and in auch
fashion as to show that he has not put
his best thought to it- The only man I
know of who has stated the Issue
squarely Is Chancellor David Starr Jor
dan, of Stanford University, and Jor
dan has tried In vain. It seems to me.
for a large hearing.
-Krllaleai ef Valor Rejects Idea.
In the year before the war Jordan
lectured on his theories among the Ger
man universities. A Stanford grad
uate who heard him once told me last
Winter about his reception. The lec
tures did not drsw." The students
tonluld on I'ac
CfOWY &UZL- ?JE"C
Saturday's War Moves
HE British steamer Orduna. only
recently put into commission by
lie Cunard line, has brought into port
he story f an attack ly a Uerman
ubmarlne while bound from Liverpool
for New York with 227 passengers, In-
luding Americana. The captain of
he Orduna. in his official report on the
"Not the least warning was given,
nd nearly all the passengers were
asleep at the time.
A torpedo missed the liner by only
0 feet and seven shells were fired at
cr In a half hour's chase.
The attack on the Orduna nas
aroused Intensu Interest at Washing-
on. where the opinion Is expressed
by officials that ihia Incident must
receive serious consideration in con
nection with the next step which the
American Government must take with
respect to German submarines and the
rights of Americans on tho seas.
Continuation of the heavy fighting
of the past few days which has tossed
he lines of cacU aide to and fro along
he battle front In France is indicated
n the latest official reports.
Paris records the repulse of two Ger
man attacks in the Argonne. which has
been the scene of many of the recent
engagements. It also tells of the break
ng up hy artillery fire of an attempt
by the Germans to recupture trenches
at Ban de i-apt. in the Vosges. which
they recently loet. and the breaking up
of an assault in the forest of Farroy
It is in the east, however, that oper
ations. of the widest magnitude and
importance are developing. The Ger
man move through Courland is believed
by military observers to be directed st
Riga, on the Baltic, and seems to be
gathering force. The armies which
Field Marshal von llindenberg is
thought to be commanding also are
exerting such pressure southward from
the Hast Prussian frontier that the
Russians admittedly are drawing back
their lines along the Narew. In the
Przasnyss region I'etrograd asserts
that the Russian troops are doing bet
ter than holding their own.
Buth the AuHirians and Germans are
again active on the fronts in south Po
land, near the Russian advance in Ca
lkin, the simultaneous advance of all
the Teutonic armies being helj to In
dicate the beginning of an attempt to
encircle the Russian forces.
Reports from the Austro-Itall.-tn
front Indicate difficult fighting In
mountainous territory with no material
advances by either side.
PEDDLER PAYS BACK LOAN
I.lcenr-e Collector IMert-c I'.tcn Pro
oil res Intereft for Ills $5.
Several months a a peddler ap
peared in the ofTIca of the City Treas
urer and applied to IJcense Collector
Pierce for a license. He lacked $5 of
enough to make payment. When he
discovered this he broke down crying
and declared that he had raked to
gether every cent ho could and that
that was all he had. He said he had
a wife and several children to sup
port. , On the strength of his story Col
lector Pierce . lent him the 13 and,
having had experiences along the r-amt
line, kissed the money good-bye for
ever. He was surprised yesterday when
the peddler walked into the office and
in Addition to putting down the Ji.
presented a box of cigars as IntereM.
CARE FOR SERBIAN BABIES
American Ited Cross AVill KMubll-li
Ilot-pital for I-lttle Ones.
WASHINGTON. July 17. The Ameri
can Red Cross will establish a baby
hospital In Serbia. About IC300 already
has been contributed.
The institution will be known as the
Mabel Groultch baby hospital. In recog
nition of the Red Cross activities of
Madame Slavko Grouitch. wife of the
Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs
for Serbia, who formerly was Miss
Mabel Dunlop. of West Virginia.
Swiss Prohibit Gold Kx ports.
PARIS. July 17. The Swiss Federal
Council has decided to prohibit the ex
portation of gold In any form, says a
Havas tlispa:cli from Berne.
FOR CARTOONIST REYNOLDS.
Commissions on Saleb
SELLERS PAY OWN EXFENSES
Ex-Auditor Describes Book
MACHINE IS USED IN BANK
Allorney lor Oefensc Declares That
Special Account" Was Private
Memorandum to Check. Sales
and Will Ho "explained.
An interesting point in favor of two
of the defendants in the United Stales
Cashier Company trial, Frank Menefee.
president, and F. M. LeMonn. sales man
ager, was made yesterday when Attor
ney Martin J, Pipes brougnt out that
the 10 per cent commisloi which was
paid to each on stock sales was In lieu
That is. Menefee and IMonn were
allowed a 10 per cent commission or.
all sales of company stock, but, on the
other hand, did not get any salary for
their ervlces. This fact will be used
by these defendants to show that un
der the circuniNtances their commis
sions on stock sales were not exorbi
tant, as the Government has sought to
lolaat Scored laa t'reaa-Kaaasalaatlon.
Mr. Pipes scored his point in his
cross-examination of Hiram S. House,
expert accountant for the Government
Mr. House had testirtcd that commis
sions en the sale ot 20 shares of stock
for S.100 to t. A. McMahon, of Harney
County, totaled 1150. Of this. 10 per
cent, or 110 each, went to Menefee and
LeMonn. he said, while JO per cent, or
SM. went to Oscar A. Campbell, director
of the company and one of the defend
ants in the trial, who had made the
He a!6 testified that on a sale or :o
share to John Marshal, another Har
ney County citizen, by Mr. Campbell for
the same price, commissions totaled
1J5. of which Mr. Campbell took 50
per cent, Mr. Menefee 10 per cent and
Mr. L.vMonn.5 per cent. ,
Mr. Caaaantkell's Maarc g!Kt.V7.
You have testlfled In this and
numerous other Instances that Mr.
Menefee got a commission of 10 per
cent." said Mr. Pipes. "Is it not a fact
that the records of the company also
show that he did not receive any sal
Mr. House said this was true.
On direct examination. Mr. House
testified further In regard t Mr.
Campbell's commissions as a stork
salesman. He told the Jury, in re
sponse to iuestlons by United Stales
Attorney Ileamcs. that the books
showed Mr. Campbell h.d sold stock
for the company for J31.717."i0. not in
cluding any transactions In tho pus
xling "Frank Menefee Special Ac
count." on which subscribers had paid
in 110. SSI. 73. Mr. Campbell's commis
sions, he said, totaled 93:5.7.
He was cross-examined on this tes
timony by Attorney Robert F. Ma
guire. who was added to the attorneys
for the defense a few iasjr ago. Mr.
Magulre took a special Interest in the
statement that Mr. Campbell had made
30 per cent In commissions on sales in
'Mr. Campbell didn't get any salary,
did he?" questioned the attorney.
"He did not." said the witness.
"Po the books show that he rc-
rUnled on i'arc lO. olumn l.
S7 HAS C?Ua&
ory tAci.: SAW