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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (July 18, 1915)
TIIE SUNDAY 'OREGONIAN. rORTLAXD, "JULT 13, 1915.
WAR. IS BACKWARD
STEP IN EVOLUTION
"Survival of Fittest" Not Rule
of Battle Conducted Un
der New Conditions.
BEST MEN ARE- VICTIMS
'Gannon Has Xo Eyes," Quotes Will
Irwin, Pointing Out That Genius
Often Is Killed When "Under
sized Dolt Is Spared.
Continued From First Page.)
In the audience came through curiosity.
There was a discussion afterward.
These youths, brought up on the "re
ligion of valor." could not subscribe
to theories so bizarre. Afterward Jor
dan was remembered In that university
as a harmless though Interesting crank
from America, the land of shallow doc
trine. Those apologists for war like Bern
hardt the Philosopher of Hell, say that
It is a "biological necessity," that it is
the "survival of the fittest," that
through it the human race improves.
The exact reverse is true. Bernhardt
and his fellows are professional boI
diers, arguing for the glory and pros
perity of their class. They are special
pleaders, like the liquor dealers, who
maintain that free consumption of al
cohol Is good for the race, or the cotton-mill
owners,- who hold that child
labor is good for the body politic.
Argument Begun With Fallacy.
They begin with the fallacy of as
euming that a race has the same rules
of life as an individual a trick of ar
gument which has slain its thousands
of truths. Wild male animals of bel
ligerent tendencies, they say, get out
and fight and fight and fight. The
weakest are killed: the strongest sur
vive to propagate the race; and so the
That might have been true: pos
sibly it was true of primitive times
Two tribes went out to war. All the
men Joined in, weak and strong alike.
It was hand-to-hand combat, with clubs
or spears. In such fighting, of course,
the weak and stupid went down, and
the strong and clever survived.
But from the moment when man In
vented bows and arrows and other
weapons which killed at a distance all
that began to change. With the in
vention of gunpowder it changed still
more: with the great improvement of
artillery, it changed most of all. To
day a squad of French soldiers stands
nt a crossroads. In that squad Is one
Jine young ieuow, well bra ned. well
muscled, capable of great things if his
life be spared, capable also of being
father to a strong generation. Beside
him stands an undersized dolt, who
nas Dareiy passed the medical exam
mers. a iierman gunner five miles
away gets the range from an aeroplane
ana. arops a. sneu among these French
Wen, killing half of them. "A cannon."
as the Chinese Minister at Brussels
gravely informed his colleagues Just
before the German invasion, "has no
eyes." The young genius Is int ...
likely to be killed as the dolt no
more, no less.
Best to Front to Ile.
So much when the army gets to the
line, but in the conscript countries,
like France and Germany, there is a
process of selection in picking the
army by which the best speakina- In
general terms go out to die. while the
weaicest remain. The undersized, the
unaermusciea, the underbrained. the
men twisted oy hereditary deformity
or devitalized by hereditary disease
they remain at home to propagate the
breed. The rest, all the rest, go out to
There is still another hideous fact
in mis accumulation of hideous facts.
as modern conscript armies are nrua n.
ized, it is the youngest men who sus
tain the heaviest loss the men who
are not yet fathers. From the point
of view of the race, that is. perhaps,
the most melancholy fact of all.
The French are not publishing their
losses, and estimates vary. I am pretty
sure, though, that since the war began
France has lost a half million men
killed or so badly wounded that thev
may be counted out of the history of
the race. The slightly wounded, or
even such of the heavily wounded as
can De made whole again, are another
matter. This war. unfortunately, Is
going on. The best informed see no
ena to it tor a long, long time cer
tainly not before next Winter, and
proDaDly not until far into 1916. Let
it continue through next Winter, and.
wnai witn tne open "fightinsr months
to come. France must lose, at lowest
estimate, as many more, or a million
Million Aristocrats Lost.
Now, this million, as I have tried to
ehow, constitutes the real aristocracy
of France on the male side. They were
Just coming into the flower of their
useiuiness both to their generation and
xo the coming race.
The process must be almost exactly
the same in Germany. She has a larger
population, and therefore more men.
But she has been fighting on two fron-
ties and has- been bolstering up two
weaker allies. Her losses must have
Deen as heavy as France's in pro
portion to her population probably
heavier. Tour Bernhardi. driven into
tne corner with such facts as these
would probably answer that he was
thinking in terms of races; that ir war
the stronger races survive, the weaker
perish: and the whole human breed
profits theseby. By the stronger race.
Bernhardi, being a German, means the
That rule worked once, perhaps.
When the European races were first
building they met and conquered sev
eral Inferior peoples. I imagine that
Attila's Huns were a race decidedly
inferior to the Franks, who annihilated
them But there is no such difference
between the six great civilized modern
nations who are fighting out this war
in Western Europe. Grant, for the
sake of argument, that Germany is the
superior nation, the coming race: yet
any reasonable pro-German must admit
that the margin of superiority is very
small indeed. Grant also that Germany
wins overwhelmingly and gains the
"place In the sun." She would prob
ably, could she measure it, find her
stock reduced below the standard of
the "lowest," the most "Inferior" race
of her enemies as that race stood be
fore the war. The "lower," the "in
ferior" races would go stil further
back: and we should find the blood of
all Europe thinned, the physical and
mental standards of all Europe lowered.
Voluntary Service Selective, Too.
I have omitted England from this
calculation. With England, which has
not yet adopted conscription, the case
is different. Yef it works out toward
the same end. Never before in the
world was there such a volunteer army
as Britain is raising now. The num
ber of men from the British Isles un
der arms and ready to fight la perhaps
500.000. . And here, even more than
in the conscript countries, the process
is selective. Those who have volun
teered are characteristically the best
young men of Britain for physical and
"We cannot stOD now." said a Ger
man Journal recently. "England has
not yet suffered enough. It is true
that the British losses, so far. have
been far lower than those of France
and Germany. Probably the British
have no more than 100.000 men killed
or so badly wounded as to make them
useless to the race. But from this
time forth if the war goes as every
one expects it to go England will lose
more and more,. until her blood, also, is
However, the British have sustained
their losses in sue1 fashion as to drlye
noma the point tc support in the Brit
ish mind Mils new theory, which all
Western Europe is beginning to un
derstand. Your typical Briton wor
ships "class." Be he upper class., lower
class or middle class, he believes in
his bones that the aristocracy is really
and literally the best of England. Now,
so far, the losses have fallen most
heavily on the aristocracy. The upper
class and the upper middle class were
first to respond to the call of England.
In the early days of the war they took
service anywhere in the corps of of
ficers, in the army service corps and
in the ranks. And of the 70.000 who
retreated from Mons in August, the
120,000 who held the line at Ypres In
October, comparatively few survive.
Titles Already Extinct.
Later England began making subal
terns, or second lieutenants, of her
gentlemen" clae. The traditions of
the British army i are such that the
subaltern must take the greatest
chances of all. The life of a tuhilirm
on the line is as short as that of an
aniuery norse. Great family after
ureat iamny nas lost all its male heirs.
By the end of March 15 major titles
were already extinct.
An English marquis and a plain
Warwickshire Tommy have spoken to
me of the situation in almost Identical
terms, what are we going to do for
senuemen ir this thing keeps up?"
they said. By what is happening to
the aristocracy the Britisher measures
what is happening ' o the whole race.
PKCKJRBSS MADE TOWARD MODIFY.
ISO TRADE EMBARGO.
Plan Accepted- by Customs Department
Provides for Consigning; Goods
to Secretary of Commerce.
WASHINGTON. July 17. Acceptance
by the Russian department of customs
of proposals looking to the modifica
tion of Russia's embargo on exports to
the United States was announced, to
day In a cablegram to C Medzikhovsky.
commercial attache of the Russian Em
bassy. Under the proposed plan, which must
be formally ratified by the Russian
Foreign Office, exports would be con
signed to the Secretary of Commerce of
the United States, to . be distributed
under official superivsion to American
merchants and manufacturers on guar,
antees that the goods would not be ex
ported. Prompt approval by the For
eign Office is expected and the De
partment of Commerce is ready to
carry out its part of the plan.
The arrangement will cover exports
from Russia to the United States ag
gregating millions of dollars annually,
which have been entirely cut off since
the beginning of the European war.
The original plan proposed by Rus
sia, under which goods might be
shipped to the United States contem
plated "diplomatic guarantees" from
the United States that the products
would not find their way to countries
hostile to Russia. The American State
Department certified that it had no
power to make such guarantees and
negotiations were undertaken to meet
tne situation in another way.
APPLE EXPORTS UNLIKELY
Hood Hiver Sales Manager Kxpects
Xo Australian Orders.
HOOD RIVER, Or., July 17. (Spe
cial.) Discussing the 400-carload order
for apples received by the growers of
tne w enatchee district. Wilmer Sieg.
sales manager of the Apple Growers'
Association, of this city, says:
"We do not expect any Australian
business this year. The British govern
ment has issued orders that British
vessels shall give preference to fruits
grown in the provinces, and we do not
expect to be able to get space. The
Australian buyers know this, and as
yet we have received no queries about
our fruit from Australia. Such a state
of affairs produces practically a boycott
or American iruit."
HOOD RIVER BUILDS POOL
Swimming Place Being Constructed
by Public-Spirited Effort.
HOOD RIVER, Or., July 17. (Spe
ciai.j n. a. Kramer a contractor. Is
now busily engaged excavating for
Hood River's municipal swimming-pool,
a campaign for the construction of
which has been in progress for the
past two years. The funds for the cool
have been raised during the past two
months by a committee composed of
representatives of civic organizations.
The swimming-pool will be built on
city property, immediately below an old
reservoir, formerly a part of the city
water works. The open-air theater is
on the same plot of ground. Accord
ing to plans, other park Improvements
Weiser Oddfellow Officers Installed.
"WEISER. Idaho, July 17. (Special.)
Officers of Weiser Lodge No. 17, Odd
fellows, were installed Tuesday by
Charles H. Warner, district deputy
grand master, as follows: Noble grand,
Gilbert F. Kimball; vice-grand. A. D.
Hunt; recording secretary, 11. W. Bond
financial secretary, Ben F. Edlin; treas
urer, Albert G. Cordelle; warden. Ralph
E. Nolen; chaplain. W. R. Boyd; con
ductor, L. I. Purcell; inner guard, Ev
erett C-Smith; outer guard. Charles
Johnson: right supporter noble grand,
Elmer Rock; left supporter noble
grand. J. Oushlng; right supporter
vice-grand, H, p; -Kizer; left supporter
vice-grand. Joseph barber.
Wallace to Have New Theater.
WALLACE, Idaho. July 17. (Spe
cial.) The last of the ruins of the old
Masonic Theater, which was destroyed
Dy rire on the night ofJuly 1, was
yesieraay consigned to tne names
preparatory to clearing the site for
the reception of a new and modern
Lebanon Folk See Bell at Albany.
LEBANON. Or., July 17. (Special.)
More tnan 4UO patriotic people of Leo
anon went to Albany Thursday to view
Liberty Bell as it passed through that
city. Many of them brought back
CARD OF T1HKS.
vt e wisn to express our annrm it nn
and thanks to our many friends for the
beautiful flowers, kindness and sym
pathy shown us during our recent be
reavement. MRS. SARAH C. KNODELL
AQV. AALI tAMIUI,
200 STUDENTS IH
GAMP PLAY AT WAR
Field Life Studied Under In.
struction of Government at
Tent City Near Fair.
SHAM BATTLES FOUGHT
On Individual lieoord at Dispersing
Depends Certification of visibil
ity for Commission In Volun
teer Forces in Case of War.
SAN FRANCISCO. Cal.. July 17
(Special.) Arising dallv to "revein."
responding to "mess' and the other reg
theUSCalIs., the bule throughout
leM.f te".tS 'and llv,n " ""Idlers in
active service, more than 200 youths
hr?tw-C!.mp. upon San "ranclsco's
nrtlPrf.8idl members ot the War
Department's students' camp of Instruc
lion. The camp opened Kitnniiv i..i m
and will close August 15. giving the
young men in attendance college men
ror the most part five solid weeks of
the most efficient military" instruction
possible, interspersed with periods of
. rn5 iaoor or the soldier on the
At the end of this n ....i,.'
riod the students. If they have proved
?.. ' ttentive and shall have qual
ified under the requirements as to fit
ness and proficiency, will be certified
to the President by the Secretary of
"ar eligible for commissions in
volunteer forces In the r .v..
United States becoming Involved In
war witmn the next few years.
Students Represent 28 States.'
In all 28 states are rf DrcpniH hv
students at the camp. .
The students were organized Into
three companies, with reaular Armv
officers In command as Captains and
Overlooking on the one hand the
Golden Gate, on the other the unsur
passable beauties of the Panama-Pacific
International Exposition, with the
nay or ian Francisco immediately be
fore, and beyond the statelv hm of
Marin, the site of the camp is an ideal
one. It is located on the main parade
grounds or the Presidio and within
400 yards of the Presidio entrance to
the Exposition, to which the students
have free access when in uniform.
From the Sibley tents, in which the
students sleep six to a tent can be
seen the Pacific fleet of the American
Navy riding at anchor off the fair
grounds. Company K. Twenty-first In
fantry, was brought from Vancouver
Barracks. Washington, and Is camping
next to the students during the life cH
the camp to assist In giving Instruc
tion. Also around San Francisco Bay
are stationed IS companies of the Coast
Artillery Corps, some of which are
scheduled to furnish instruction in
manning the big guns that guard the
All Phases of Field Life Studied.
Major James G. Harbord. First United
States Cavalry, Is in command of the
camp, and he has worked out a splen
did schedule cf instruction, drills and
demonstration work covering practi
cally every phase of the life and work
o the soldier. There are daily lec
tures on sanitation, the rules of land
warfare, personal hygiene, use and du
ties of the different arms of the serv
ice, map reading, field and coast artil
lery work, American military history
and a score of kindred subjects.
The daily routine of the students in
cludes drills, practice marches, sham
battles, signal corps work, first-aid
work, map making, machine-gun work
and combat exercises of all types. The
afternoons and evenings the students
have to themselves to visit the Expo
sition or to pass In any other manner
their fancy dictater.
Optional Kxerclsen Also Given.
There will be 31 actual instruction
days and 124 hours will be consumed
In military duties, or almost as much
actual work under what are nearly
field conditions as the average militia
officer gets under armory conditions.
Nineteen hours will be passed In dem
onstration work during the camp. 12
In actual hard drills, six hours In posi
tion drills and gallery practice, six
hours in sketching, 19 hours in lec
tures, 13 In tactical walks. 15 hours In
terrain exercises. 10 hours in field ex
ercises. 16 In practice marches and
maneuvers and two hours in Inspec
tions. Then there are optional exercises,
such as most of the students are glad
ly taking, such as cavalry riding, gal
lery practice and competitions, first
aid work, theoretical tactical work, the
"war game" and troop-leading prob
lems that will almost double the
amount of work for those students who
elect to devote most of their days to
military exercises In preference to the
pursuit of civilian pastimes. .
ROAD FUNDS ARE ALLOTTED
Cowlitz County, Washington, to
Spend $25,250 on Improvements.
KELSO. Wash.. July 17. (Special.)
County Commissioner C r . M. Jabuscb
has lust announced how he will dis
tribute the funds of Road District No. 2
of Cowlitz County during next year.
The Mount Crawford road project,
which will be given $8600. and the
Slide Creek road, to get $3000. will be
the most favored projects. The re
malnder of the $17,260 allotment will
be divided so as to provide for ample
repairs and maintenance. The road
and bridge fund. $8000, will be ex
pended upon the Coal Creek road.
Work on the Mosquito Cre'ek road,
west of Kelso, has been practically
completed and the county crew Is now
at work putting on a final rock sur
face. A new county rock crusher has
been erected at the falls on Coal Creek
and will be used In building the Coal
North Idaho Landmark Goes.
WALLACE. Idaho, July 17. (Spe
cial.) The old building at Osborne,
formerly used as county courthouse
and one of the landmarks or tne dls
trlct. is being torn down. The ram
shackle old building was the scene of
the first term of court held In this
county after Idaho became a state in
1890. and some important mining liti
gation was decided there, involving
possession or tne lamous Hunker Hill
Farm Home Near Lacomb Burns.
LEBANON. Or.. July 17. (Special.)
The farm home of M. W. leoman. two
miles east of Lacomb. was burned down
yesterday. Mr. and Mrs. Yeoman were
at work at the, time and only the
children were at home.
Bond Case Briefs Filed.
ROSEBURG, Or.. July 17. (Special.)
The brlela In the case recently luU
tuted by Harry Pearce to test the
validity of the bonds voted recently by
the people of Roseburg to assist Ken
dall Brothers In constructing a railroad
and sawmill In this vicinity were filed
In the Oregon Supreme Court. The
court has agreed to render a decision
prior to taking Its annual vacation on
MINE PROPERTY DECAYING
Itesunipllon of Operations on Prop
erty Xear Oakland Vncertaln.
OAKLAND. Or., July 17. (Special.)
Several times the report has been cir
culated that the Cinnabar-mines, eight
miles southeast of here on the Cala
poola River, again will be operated. But
the bunkhouses, a dozen or eo of them
scattered on the hillside above the river,
showing the activity that once reigned
here, are falling Into decay, and tiie
track back. Into the shaft of the main
mine Is fast becoming submerged in
debris and water.
Much ore was taken out of this mine
and operations in It stopped several
years back, not through their failure to
pay, but because a free-for-all, a reg
ular battle, with serious results in dead
and wounded ensued among the Chinese
The county haa benefited from the
mines In the way of a long tract of un.
usually good roads which were made
from the red rock In which the quick
silver is found, and which makes ex
cellent road material. It haa been said
that the county could almost afford to
work the mines.
MILITIA UNIT OPPOSED
Funds Held Xol Available for Kn
glncer Company at Spokane.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. July 17. The War Department
does not favor the organization of a
company of engineers at Spokane as a
unit In the National Guard of Wash
ington, as proposed by the Spokane
Chamber of Commerce. The attitude
of the department Is set forth in a let
ter of Adjutant-General H. P. McCain
to Senator Jones, in which he says:
"A condition precedent to the ex
tension of United States aid to such
an organization would be its recogni
tion as a unit of the organized militia
of the State of Washington. The Adjutant-General
of the state haa in
formed this oflce that there are bare
ly enough funds to support the troops
now actually existing. The United
States could equip the company
throughout, but It would be Impossible
for the organization to exiwt with only
the assistance which the United States
RECLAMATION IS PROPOSED
New District Near Kelso Comprises
7 0 00 .cres.
KELSO. Wash.. July 17 (Special.)
Thar 7000 acres of overflow land will
be diked In the near future was prac
tically determined at a meeting recently
of large holders of the bottom lands
west of Kelso. A vast majority of the
land owners south of Pooler's Lake
are satisfied the project Is feasible and
Maglll, McKenney A Brush were In
structed at the meeting to -proceed to
draw up the petitions and other papers
and to get the preliminaries started at
The land lying north of Fowler's
Lake, which was Included when the dis
trict was proposed previously will not
be within the boundaries of the new
district, and as most of the opposition
was oy owners In that district, which
Is well protected, except when there is
exceptionally tilth water, the project
undoubtedly will receive a favorable
Texan Buy Butterrlcld Sheep.
WEISER. Idaho, July 17 (SnerlaL)
rEvldence of the widespread reputa
tion attained by the Butterfleld Live
stock Company of this city, whose im
mense holdings are In the Weiser Val
ley. Is another shipment this week of
thoroughbred Ramboulliet rams and
ewes to San Angelo. Tex. The ship
ment was consigned to Sam H. Hill. W.
H. Kelley and Dan Hanks, well-known
sheepmen of the Lone Star State. In
the shipment were 10 rams, which
sold at $100 each: 125 ewes at $25 each;
25 ewes at $30 each. Mr. Butterfleld
has received offers of $250 each for
several of his rams, but refused to let
them go. The flocks of this company
contain the beat blood to be had In
this country, and some of the best In
Mrs. Stewart. Lebanon. Under Knife.
LEBANON. Or.. July 17. (Special.)
Mrs. S. C. Stewart, wife of the presi
dent of the Lebanon National Bank,
underwent a critical operation In a
Portland hospital this week. She Is
reported recovering rapidly.
Hrnxit yearly consumes 6.000,000 fret ul
Swerii.h pine lumber
TOP! LOOK!! LISTEN!!!
Our Sale Continues, and We Are Going to Continue to Offer
Staple Shoes Seasonable Summer Novelties
TREMENDOUS' CUTS IN PRICES
Lines of Regular 3.50 to $7.00 Walk-Overs Cut Deep to
95c, $1.45, $1.95, $2.45, $2.95, $3.45
Monday Special! 223
and Oxfords, $3.50 to
All These Walk-Overs Are High-Grade and
WALK - OVER BOOT?
146 Broadway Eilers Block
Of Hart Schaffner & Marx Summer
, Weight Suits at 4 Off Regular Prices
This sale embraces our entire stock of the newest in
Summer Clothes. Every conceivable style and pattern
to select from. Blue, Black and Tuxedos Included.
Prices Quoted Below Are Genuine Reductions.
$20 Hart Schaffner & Marx Suits $15.00
$25 Hart Schaffner & Marx Suits $18.75
$30 Hart Schaffner & Marx Suits $22.50
Furnishing Goods at Clearance Prices
$1.50 Shirts S1.15
?2.00 Shirts S1.35
$5.00 Shirts S3. 55
Odds and Ends
50c Silk Ties 25d
The Men's Shop for Quality
TEACHERS GO TO FRONT
KXiLAM) AMD WALKS II4VK CVM
ON KIGHTING 1.1 K.
Knowledge .1 (iysaaaatlca Creates De
mand for fchoolaaastera aa Kaa
LONDON. June 20. Fifty-five hun
dred school teachers from England and
Wales have Joined the British fighting
forces since the besTlnnlns; of the war.
The proportion Is larnest In London,
where the free public schools have pro
vided 1100 schoolmaster recruits and
250 more have obtained permission to
The educational authorities arrant an
enlisting teacher a leave of absence
for the duration of the war and guar
antee his reinstatement without detri
ment to his 'status, salary Increases
and professional prospects. Moreover,
while serving: In the army, he receives
his full school pay, lesa army pay and
The schoolmasters, accustomed to
command and thoroughly familiar witn
the sj Mem of Swedish gymnastic,
which forms, an Important part of tlm
traininc of the new armies, are in
treat demand as drill Instructors and
large numbers have promptly attained
noncommissioned rank or accepted
Substitute teachers have mostly been
provided from women who left the pro
fession on marriage and have now re
turned to fill what are called "war
service vacancies." In hundreds of
cases, where a woman teacher has
married a man teacher, the wife has
returned to the classroom, thus filling
the gap caused by her husband's enlist
ment. This has leJ to thousands of
older boys being taught for the first
time by women.
Wife Has Mill Owner Jailed.
CKNTUALIA. Wash.. July 17. (Spe
cial.) On the complaint of his wife
that he threatened to shoot her. J. K.
Keller, who operates a sawmill on
pairs Women's Pumps QCp
$4.00 regular JJ
(Contract Goods Excepted)
$1.25 Bathing Suits.. S1.05
$1.50 Bathing Suits. .81.125
$2.00 Bathing; Suits. -SI. 70
$2.50 Bathing Suits. .812.05
$3.50 Bathing Suits. -S12.95
35 a garment.
Jackson Prairie, whs arrested yester
day at'Napavine. Keller hid from the
sheriff's force for M hours and was
apprehended when he went into Napa
vlne nfter food. He pleaded not cullty
and Is lodged In the Iewts I'ounty
Jail In default of 5uo bail.
FAIR PLANS . EXTENSIVE
Southwest Washington Sliow in Be
on tirrater Neale This Year.
CKSTRALIA. Wash.. July IT. (Spe
cial.) The 1915 Southwest Washington
Fair, which will be held the la.-t week
In August, will be the best in history,
according to predictions nmd- at a
luncheon of the Commercial Club Mon
day by tieorge Walker, secretary of the
fair board. Kace proitpect ar. espe
cially bright, according to Mr. Walker.
on of the early closing events having
Plans were laid at the luncheon to
draw big crowds to the fair this year
from Tacoma. Seattle and Portland.
The efforts of the local Kagles to ob
tain the location of a state home for
Kagles In this city were Indorsed.
Centralis Company Off to Camp.
CEXTRALI A. Wash, July 17. (Spe
cial.) Company M. Second Regiment.
Washington National Guard, will leave
for American Lake tomorrow morning.
60 strong, for the annual encampment
of the State Ounrd. Captain Living
stone received a letter yesterday from
the Adjutant-General Instructing him
to report all cases wherein employers
violate the state law In refusing to
allow guardsmen In their employment
to attend camp, but Centrnlia business
men. as a whole, have shown a will
ingness to Rive their employes a vaca
tion. 400 Sco Ilcll at Midnight.
MERLIN. Or.. July 17. (Special.)
The special bearing the Liberty Rell
passed through Merlin at l!:Sa yes
terday morning. About 400 persons
were waiting at the depot. While the
special did not make a stop yet it
passed slowly giving all a good op
portunity to view the bell.
120 pairs Men's High Shoes, "I
lace and button,, at. JLm!7 J
$1.00 Union Suits. .
$1.50 Union Suits..,
$2.00 Union Suits. .
$2.50 Union Suits..,
$1.50 Rosenblatt's Label
Northwest Corner Third and Morrison
INQUIRY UP TO OREGOtl
Ft M I.ACKINti TOR FKDF.Btl,
I. M ;ra-t HKARINK.
Only Way ta laaisee Caaaaslttee Frai
areas Make Trl Waala Be
far Mate fmr F.iram.
CRKltO N IAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. July 14. The suggestion that
Speaker Champ Clark, of the National
House of Representatives, designate a
suh-t'ommlttee of the public land com
mittee to visit Oregon this Summer to
investlcnte all phases of the Oregon
California land grant, is not hkelv
be acted upon, chiefly for the reason
that there Is no way by which such a
trip could be financed. Such trips are
first authorised by resolution of the
House or Senate, as the case may be.
and the resolution provides for pay
ing the expenses out of the "contingent
fund" of the House or Senate. There is
no other way that funda can be taken
from the "contingent fund."
Recausn of this Important obstacle.
It Is unlikely that a committee repre
senting the public land committee of
the House will visit Oregon this Sum
mer. The Speaker, of course, could ap
point the committee, but It Is not prob
able that members so appointed would
undertake the trip at their own ex
pense. They might, however, be in
duced to visit Oregon if their expenses
were paid by the state or by the citi
xens of Oregon.
The rivers and harbors committee is
soon to visit California and several
other states to Inspect river Improve
ments, and the expenses of that trip
are being paid by Callfomiaas, no
authorisation of the trip having been
made by the House. If some similar
schema should be put through In Ore
gon, whereby the expenses of the pub
lic lands committee, or a sub-committee
of that committee, could be paid,
the trip no doubt would be undertaken.
The Hnrporui at Its widest potnt measures
S::s fo.i. or on. and four-flftha miles, kl.e--h:r
it narrows to as litti as on.-slxth