Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 20, 1915)
THE SUNDAY OREGONTAN, PORTLAND, JUNE 20, 1915. "
w 1 1 i 1 h si IB a wv an a he
ANY STRAIGHT AMERICAN BOY
MAY MARRY A EUROPEAN
HEIRESS WHEN CONFLICT IS
OVER THINKS WRITER.
FAMILY FORTUNES AWAIT
"VERITABLE SCRAMBLE FOR
BT STERLING HEIL.IG.
PARIS. June 8. (Special.) "Any
straight American boy can marry
a European heiress!"
So spoke an American titled woman
"He doesn't need to be well off or
socially Important." she continued.
"But he must be hard and good, cap
able to learn to run a business or
curse an estate."
She showed me newspaper clippings.
"San Remo. May 5. The Italian au
thorities at Parma have stopped a distinguished-looking'
woman who trav
eled on the principal railroad lines.
Approaching marriageable men. she
asked for their cards "in order to pro
pose them excellent matches, with a
choice of nationalities, after the war.' "
"Berlin (Tageblatt), May 21. The
matchmakers address innumerable of
fers of marriages, emanating prin
cipally from widows of officers and
soldiers. Such offers follow immedi
ately the publication of lists of "killed
In war.' The Berlin paper demands
that & stop be put to the scandal. Such
widows compete disloyally with young
I read, from the Paris Journal:
This morning I had the surprise to
hear the regimental postman call my
name. How describe my Joy? Is there,
then, in Prance, some one who takes
an interest in me, to whom I can
The titled American explained:
"It Is the letter of an 'alone' young
French combatant, written to his
brand-new 'godmother' who is not, at
all, an old lady as you might imagine.
The Journal, alone, has furnished 23,
000 such godmothers mostly mar
riageable girls or their mammas.
I read, addressed. "To the editor of
the Matin": -
"Our only son has fallen on the field
Of honor. Will you give us another?"
Here we have a war adoption.
"All sweetly sad, worthy of all re
Hpect," said the American great lady.
"What If marriageable girls godmother
unknown combatant? Flaming with
patriotism, they do not recognize their
own heart's need. What if little girls
of 12 write letters to their 'knitting
soldiers'? What- if widows feel bereft
twice over?. Between the cities and the
armies fly millions of valentines with
bundles of underwear, hampers of
wine, food and toilet comforts tied to
them. Alas, a million never reach!
The brave boys are cut down. From
the cities goes the cry for males, the
scramble for men!"
Can you imagine the situation?
American girls, accustomed to being
courted, you have men to throw away.
Estimates based on the last census
show that there are 49,500,000 males
la. the United States to 46,700,000 fe
males. American girls, big and little,
have S.000,000 men to reject!
Europe, even before the war, was
Just the opposite. Germany had an
excess of 1,000,000 females; Austria
Hungary, 1,100,000; France, 900,000
girls too many; Great Britain an ex
cess of 1,300,000 fair ones, and Italy
about 700,000 which made a total of
6.000.000 European girls who might not
hope to marry.
Old Maids' Day (St. Catherine's) was
already a sad date in Paris. The sew
ing girls of the smart region overran
the rue de la Paix and boulevard, at
noon, carrying bouquets. When men
asked them who the flowers were for,
ARE YOU MASTER OF YOUR MICROBES?
Continued from Page 3.)
Influences. He began to suffer from
dyspepsia at the age of 23.. Later his
correspondence is filled with references
to sufferings from eye trouble and
stomach apd bowel disturbances. His
'Sartor Resartus' was written before
lie became deeply poisoned, and his
'French Revolution' Indicates the de
gree of irritative stimulation of . his
: . . .c.u. 1 v. - . .,
Etiuiua. boll ivi was iu vuargv vl xue
fundamental genius, but the 'French
Revolution was in charge of toxic dis
turbances influencing that genius. His
pessimism and anti-science in later
years were typical ot the scorpion sting
of colonic bacteria.
"It is said that Carlyle, meeting Dar
win in the street, turned his back
and walked away. Down went the
whole theory of evolutionwith Car
lyle. "Darwin's cook thought that his ap
petite would be better If he exercised
more. Mrs. Darwin objected to th
view of the cook, who responded that
..she saw him sitting in the garden for
two whole hours doing nothing at all
but looking at a leaf. No doubt Dar
win at this time was taking very vio
lent exercise, more violent than that
taken by the boy who is being chased
by a policeman, but mental exercise
does not seem to oxidize toxins or re
sult in carrying so much nutrition to
the body cells as we obtain by purely
physival exercise. Perhaps as much
energy is transformed by mental ex
ercise as by other kinds of physical
exercise, but the circulation of blood
and lymph depend not only upon the
driving power of the heart but also
upon the mechanical massage of tissue
which ocurs In the course of muscle
"Darwin and Huxley suffered In
they answered: "For St. Catherine
"w unless. Just unless." sighed the
American titled one. "It meant unless
some miraculous marriage turned up
for them. They were the girls without
a marriage portion."
A girl spoke up, whom we '-call
Diana, having been engaged to three
good men and thrown them all down
to study philosophy at the Sorbonne.
"I used to stay indoors Old Maids'
day," said Diana. "A grocery clerk
called out, last year, 'She'll find a hus
band easy!' A lot of housepainters an
swered. 'She's engaged already!' While
a red-nosed old cabman bawled: 'Two
"francs an hour to hunt a husband!'
Now, European girls with money
have to face old-maid-dom.
War, up to the present, has taken .
9,000,000 in killed, wounded and miss
ing. The wounded who ara fit. daily,
return to be killed or wounded again.
If the war continues six months more
they calculate 13,000,000 killed, mutil
ated or permanently invalided by sick
ness. "One-armed men of good ramlly are
at a premium," said the lady of title.
An American trained nurse looked in.
"Around the hospitals of France
alone, she said, "9000 one-legged
men have become advantageously
engaged to marry. Observe, there is
no calculation in this choice. Pity and
gratitude which are akin to love
make girls and widows with good in
comes compete for the honor to look
after them through life. I'm not sure
they're making a bad bargain there
Is going to be an awful scarcity of
Diana spoke of adoptions.
"I know five French moneyed fam
ilies who have lost their young men
sons and nephews," she said. "All but
one of them have 'adopted for the
war,' as they call it, one or more young
fighters apiece, at the front. "It Is a
great and pious movement. Paris
newspapers solicit names of all young
officers and men who have no fam
ilies or whose families cannot send
them comforts. Frequently, their su
perior officers are the Intermediary. "
And the papers, by private letter, hand
such young heroes over to applying
I objected that they were not real
"Wait and see after the war," said
the grand dame. "At present they
write to the adopted ones whom they-
have never seen almost as If they
were their sons or nephews. Later,
when they meet, all will depend. War
is a great refiner. Rough young fel
lows, taken up and made much of,
often show true gold. These family
fortunes cry for men. The adopters
always have daughters or nieces to
be married, directed, protected."
The scramble for men Is so glorified
by pure patriotism that none . dream
of criticising the rush of girl-god-mothetrs
(marraines) Into letter writ
ing. The papers are full of touching
"How beautifully does this frightful
war re-educate the simple!" exclaims .
the French page of the Paris Herald.
"A godmother has shown us letters re
ceived from her godson at the front.
The first missives were short, awk
ward, scarcely intelligible. Then, day
by day, the style becomes correct and
limpid, the descriptions gay and pre
clse, the story flowing, the handwriting
tensely from eye trouble and stomach
and bowel disturbances, but their lit
erature is so purely scientific in char
acter that it presents no occasion for
specific baterial reading.
. "The letters of genius In literature
and in art sound the note of one long
wail about the eyes and bowels. The
wall is that of the crew of a sinking
ship. That is precisely, what it really
is In fact a wall from the sinking.
The geniuses are that part of , hu
manity that is going under. Is there
no ear acute enough to catch the souna
and to know its meaning no mina
with sufficient co-ordinating power
to take us to the aid of suffering
genius? Not yet! Preparation for such
co-ordination is under way. Gould goes
"Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes said
that the best work In the world Is done
by men who are not quite well. He
perceived a truth," but did not recog
nize what he meant by 'best.'
"Some of the world's greatest liter-'
ary masterpieces owe their expression
to the influence of specific bacterial
poisons in the minds of the authors.
The works of Robert Louts Stevenson
show an optimism due to the peculiar
action of the toxins of the tubercule ba
cillus. On the other hand, the works of
Nietzsche, Schopenhauer and many of
the French writers of the 19th century
reflect the action of the colon bacillus
or of anerobic bacteria.
."Stevenson wrote th 'Child's Garden
of Verses' when he was almost physi
cally disabled by toxins of tuberculosis,
but when at Vailima and in much bet
ter health he himself noted . the ab
sence of toxin stimulation, under which
he had previously worked. Under the
Influence of climate and life out of
J ' : v' . "Y ; - VV I
Bii lp; '' ::
III' f I I f It xr si f ' '
r . r I .-j I rib n: I
itself refined! It is no illusion. When
he comes back, the godson will be
quite another man."
When he comes back.
If he comes brack!
doors his bodily health and vigor were
at a high level, and the tuberculosis
process apparently rested. .
"The quantity of toxins thrown out
was then diminishing, and he keenly
felt the deprivation. Colvin says that
during this year Stevenson found him
self unable to do any serious Imagina
tive writing, and consciousness of the
loss caused him many misgivings. Ho
wrote that he had come to a dead stop
so far as literature was concerned, but
In health be was well and strong, and
that it would be six months before he
would be heard of again at least. He
died from apoplexy before another ex
acerbation of Infection of tuberculosis
had again awakened his literary genius.
"Stevenson could more easily have
written thi 'Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll
and Mr. Hyde' because of warfare be
tween his colon bacilli and his tubercle
bacilli, but the real literature which,
endures through the centuries, after all,
is that of the calm reasoning of an
"Microbes develop freely when pro
tective organs lose their efficiency
against bacteria, a3 In the course of
the development of the doubling rose
a decadent phenomenon. Some of the
most famous painters and poets have
been almost or quite brutal in their re
lations to the world at times, when
they were developing beautiful master
pieces. This represents action of the
will becoming superior to bacterial
action temporarily, while other bodily
functions are suffering from the lat
"The relation between bacteria and
art or literature is a subject which
science has not as yet marked for at
tention. The literature of any decadent
nation becomes pessimistic in- propor
-3WHHHri1 ' ' '--:-v..:v.t:.Jv:--::-:,,: :v w
itstsaMfMrsMrsrsas. - - n
In France, the boys of 20 years of
age (class 1915) are the youngest who
are actually fighting. Those of 13
years old (class 1916) have been called.
have left their homes, are being
tion as the protective organs of indi
viduals lose control over bacteria which
are depressing in their effect. In com
prehending the subject it is best, per
haps, to begin with toxin ot a fungous
microbe, the saccharomyces. Alcohol Is
the toxin which it produces, and alco
hol has a well-known effect as a tem
porary agent of stimulation, - stirring
the brain cells into great activity.
Toxins of other microbes, like those of
the tubercle bacilli or of the colon
bacilli, act like the toxin of saccharo
myces in producing their influence
upon the mind. Each toxin has its pe
culiar way of acting. Some toxins in
tensify a man's normal mental charac
teristics, making the brain cells work
more rapidly. Tbey may Inhibit the
action of certain groups of brain cells
and act as a whip to the other cells.
The unusual associative faculty of gen
ius is Increased by the Influence of
toxin of certain bacteria.
"Just as a drink of whisky results in
brain cells being whipped into activity,
so toxins of colon bacilli or of tubercle
bacilli whip brain cells Into activity In
their peculiar way. Those who have
had dealings with victims of tubercu
losis know of their tendency to be hope
ful and cheery. This illogical cheer
fulness is often caused by poison of
tubercle bacilli. On the other hand,
the colon bacilli have had. perhaps,
more definite connection with the lit
erary world than have tubercle bacilli,
because they find more victims.
"The poison of colon bacilli, how
ever, afreets the mind of an author in
a depressive rather than in an elative
way. The poison of colon bacilli is
often depressive to the point of in
sanity, which may be temporary, clear
ing up as soon as overproduction of the
toxin of this bacilli la stopped by medi
cal means or by natural control. Un
der ordinary circumstances In healthy
individuals bacteria are kept la check.
er7 s7-3 ZSoTi (y4-G?
trained In camps, barracks, depots.
Those of 18 (class 1917) have been
simply summoned for medical exami
nation to be ready when called out.
"Boys of 16, all the same, are seri
ously training," said the trained
nurse. "Have you seen them at the
The sight is remarkable. Any af
ternoon (or morning), the vast old
Luna Park, momentarily dismantled,
vomits forth regiments of 15 and 16-year-olds,
with real guns, real officers,
on long marches. In the fields outside
Paris, they dig trenches, charge them.
They are straight, vigorous, already
broad-shouldered by the military prep
aration of which the Boy Scout move
ment is a remarkable form.
"You see," said the titled American,
"they are the future husbands of little
and. whatever toxins we produce are
disposed of. '
"The world commonly holds that
great authors succeed despite the poi
sons In their blood. Wa hear of their
heroic struggles, but we must stop now
and consider how many succeed, and to
what extent, because of those very poi
sons. Would, an empire builder like
Cecil Rhodes have accomplished, his
great work if he had beentuberculous?
We do not. know to ' what extent the
spirochete pallida has influenced lit
erature, but we know that some ac
complishments in history have been
done by men in elative paresis due to
"Extreme intellectual brilliancy often
is a sign that a subtle poison has be
gun to work upon the brain cells. Just
before patients become clinically insane
the mind may work in a wonderfully
brilliant way, with exhibition of re
markable spirit and unusual associa
tive faculty, in cases in which we
know the attack of clinical insanity is
soon to be precipitated by toxic Influ
ences. Physicians know that we have
a disturbance of the normal chemistry
of the blood when brilliancy in undue
degree suddenly appears either from
the influence of the alcohol Just after
it has taken effect or from the influ
ence of other microbe products which
we can discover to be In excess by
turning our attention to the subject and
having examination made by experts
in that department.
"Gout and the so-called rheumatisms
appear to take their origins largely
from microbe organisms or the colon
group, and the point of view of gouty
or rheumatic individuals must be clas
sified on the basis of microbe sensitiza
tion of protoplasm. Bulwer-Lytton's
morbid irritability and melancholy
were undoubtedly due to microbe sen
sitization of protoplasm, and we in
stantly think in this class of Gibbon,
Landor, Sidney Smith and Frelding in
z S5) -'cr fj7&
girls today 12, 12 and 14 years old.
Even . their chances of marriage are
It Is the same in Germany and Aus
tria. The Germans already propose, after
the war. to import young men in mass,
She showed'me a clipping. I read:
"Frankfort (Zeltung), May 10. After
the Thirty Years' War. as on similar
occasions during the Renaissance and
Middle Ages when dearth of men
threatened marriage and the future of
the state, periods of ten years legal
polygamy were made honorable and
meritorious. As the modern family
cannot recourse to such devices, there
remains only the importation of edu
cated bridegrooms cf good German
stock, from North and South America,
CHILDREN OF THE RICH
Continued from Page 2.)
Owing to the great pressure of her
fashionable duties, she is an extremely
busy woman. She never gets up until
the middle of the day and her after
noons are spent in making calls. Oc
casionally she may see the children at
luncheon or one of them may be
brought to her for a few minutes while
she is dressing for dinner. Of course
they are never present at the morning
or evening meal and at lunch their ab
sence is enforced If Invited guests are
present. So far as their father is con
cerned the case is much the same.
When ie is not engaged at his busi
ness he is at the club or else going
about In society. Under such circum
stances it is not surprising that the
little ones should grow up without
much affection for their parents a fact
of which the latter, nevertheless, often
complain with much bitterness.
It has become quite the fashion of
late to endow babies with fortunes
while they are yet In the cradle. Only
the other day, at Newport, a iittla
heiress of a wealthy family reached the
age of S months and the happy event
wis celebrated by placing in her tiny
fist half a million dollars' worth of
bonds. She gazed upon the precious
bunch of documents and, as if with as
intuitive idea of. the misery money
sometimes brings, immediately burst .
Little Miss Midas has been brought
up to be so helpless that she cannot
even dress herself, but must be helped
into her garments, even her stockings
and shoes being put on for her. So
high a degree of cxpertness Is required
of the nursery maid that her wages
are proportionately high, usually 140
or $50 a month.
One reason why the children of the
V Wro Zs ffy Jb7cerm l
Tr'eren Z jFTfrcxf z'n
or other lands of previous German
The French, who have no hyphen
ated sons abroad, must call on plain
Americans, or sympathetic races like
the Swiss who, being on the spot, so
to speak, have a remarkable chance.
As for young Americans already in
France physicians, hospital aids, vol
unteer soldiers and professional and
commercial bucks the matchmakers
are already busv with t.hftm.
"A young fellow of good Western
Pennsylvania family displeased his
father by enlisting and then pleased
him by getting promoted Lieutenant."
told the titled American. "Cited in the
order of the army, he has recently en
Joyed a short leave in Paris, and made
a few visits to please his mother. He
is on the point of getting encumbered
with a great South of France estate
and a sweet girl in the bargain if he
doesn't look out. The Joke is, the
French family doesn't know he is
The nurse told of an Embassy clerk
(there are 60 such, now. In our Paris
Embassy)- who is engaged to be mar
ried to a third Interest in one of the
Lyons silk factories.
"That American college boy stranded
In Paris, Just before the war," she
said, "working his way round the
world. He won a. few boxing matches,
and. during one week, carried an ad
vertising sign. When the war broke
out, he went with the American Hos
pital Ambulance, where he stayed six
months and learned French. As soon
as he got to the Embassy, the match
makers fell on him. He is the kind
The matchmakers are looking for
boys physically hard, early-risers, who
laugh at dissipation, who can learn to
manage an estate or help to run a
business. Merely "nursing" a fortune
in stocks and bonds requires good
brain and principles. And the parents
of brotherless French girls are worried
sick about it
France is the land of such cosy for
tunes. The matchmakers are getting ready
for the American campaign.
There is even talk of a governmental
marriage bureau, to be patronized by
the authorities on both sides of the
Atlantic. Its work will be to seek out
and Investigate our youthful Barkises
and pay their trips to France for In
troductions. America is the "western reserve" of
But what if Barkis won't consent to
live in Europe?
Tut. tut! It's a good chance. Think
about it! . .
rich are so closely guarded is that their
parents are apt to entertain a not alto
gether groundless fear lest they be
kidnaped. A youngster of a multi
millionaire's family, successfully de
coyed, and hidden, may be worth a ran
som of $50,000 to those enemies of so
ciety who naturally regard the very
wealthy as their most appropriate prey.
That these holders of great possessions
realize to some extent the dangers to
which they would te exposed in case
of riots and other circumstances fa
vorable to the' operations of the crimi
nal class Is shown by the way in which
many of them build their houses, which
are actually forts in disguise. Some ot
the most superb mansions on Fifth ave
nue, in New York, are. constructed for
defense, with outer walls several feet
in thickness. These dwellings could
well sustain a siege, the numerous re
tainers keeping the mob at bay witb
rifles, while streams ot hot water might
be thrown through hose, connected
with boilers (used in Winter to clear
away snow) upon the enemy.
Ammunition for Allies.
The armies of the Triple Entente
number approximately 10,000,000 men
and the allies must allow for an ex
penditure upon a most conservative es
timate of at least 50,000.000 rounds of
artillery ammunition per month. It is
difficult to estimate accurately the
quantities being furnished by America,
but roughly speaking at present the
total output of our factories is not
more than 100,000 artillery rounds per
month, or less than one-fifth of 1 per
cent of the total expenditure. One
eighteenth of 1 per cent, by the same
accounting, represents the total amount
of cartridges shipped from this country