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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 13, 1915)
Pages 1 to 18
VOL. XXXIV. NO. 24.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 13, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Tone -Declared Softened
at Last Moment.
SPECIFICATIONS HOT GIVEN
Alteration, However, Not Suf
ficient to Warrant Re
ADMINISTRATION IS SILENT
Ex-Secretary Insists Offer to
Arbitrate "Issues Should
Have Been Included.
WASHINGTON, June 12. Ex-Secretary
Bryan, who resigned his port
folio rather than sign the second note
to Germany, issued another statement
late today declaring that the note was
materially revised following the pre
sentation of his resignation. The re
vision, Mr. Bryan averred, softened
the note, but was not sufficient to
justify him in withdrawing his resig
nation. "It is true," said Mr. Bryan, "that
I saw the final draft of the note just
before my resignation took effect, but
it contained an important change. I
had no knowledge of this change at
the time my resignation was tendered
Note Softened by Change.
"This change, while much softening
the note, was not, however, sufficient,
in my judgment, to justify me in ask
ing permission to withdraw my resig
nation. As Germany had suggested
arbitration, I felt that we could not
do ' les3 than reply to thi3 offer by
expressing a willingness to apply the
principle of the peace treaties to the
"What was the change in the note?"
Mr. Bryan was asked.
"I cannot discuss that," he replied.
Suggestion Only Provokes Smile.
It was suggested that the clause
added to the note was that saying the
United States would entertain any
evidence Germany might have that of
ficials of this Government had not
thoroughly performed their duty in
examining the Lusitania before her
departure to see that she was not
armed for offensive action. Mr.
Bryan only smiled at the suggestion.
Secretary Lansing also declined to
discuss changes made in the note.
The clause referred to follows:
"If the imperial German govern
ment should deem itself to be in pos
session of convincing evidence that
the officials of the Government of the
United States did not perform those
duties with thoroughness, the Gov
ernment of the United States sincere
ly hopes that it will submit that evi
dence for consideration."
First Assertion Reiterated.
"Irrespective of whether that clause
was inserted or not," Mr. Bryan was
(Concluded on Page r. Column 1.)
JL i rT1J " . .( 1 1 shaul ef in)
ALL OA Y raAV. yOJE
BLACK CAT LIVES 2
YEARS ON DERELICT
AMMAL RESCCEI) AT LAST
FROM SOUTH SEA WRECK.
British Ship Dalgonar, Abandoned
in Gale In 1913, Now Stranded
on Society Island Reef.
SAN FRANCISCO. June 12. (Spe
cial.) A wireless message about a
black cat came all the way from Pa
peete today to the marine department
of the Chamber of Commerce. With
only this cat aboard, the British ship
Dalgonar has drifted for two years, a
derelict of the seas.
The wireless message says that the
ship's bell and the black cat had been
rescued by men from a email trading
schooner and safely landed at Papeete.
The Dalgonar is said now to be a for
lorn wreck on a reef on the coast of
Maupihoa Island, in the Society group,
in the South Pacific Helpless in" a
storm, the vessel was abandoned in
mid-ocean in June, 1913. The French
bark Marie arrived here December 10,
1913, and reported having encountered
the abandoned vessel 1300 miles south
west of Callao. The Marie brought the
papers. of the Dalgonar, and her cap
tain told how-his crew had tried in
vain to rescue the cat.
It was believed all the members of
the Dalgonar's crew had perished, but
early in 191 the French ship Lorrie
came into port and reported finding
the shipwrecked mariners drifting in a
small boat. Three had died from ex
posure and the 14 others were in a
since then, until today, no word has
come of the missing vessel. For two
years it has been drifting the seaa and
has covered at least 4000 miles.
BIG DESTROYER LAUNCHED
Wainwright One of Largest of
Type In American XaTj.
PHILADELPHIA. June 12. The de
stroyer Wainwright, built for the Gov
ernment by the New York Shipbuilding
Company at Camden, N. J., was
launched today. Ten-year-old. Evelyn
Wainwright Turpin, of Jamestown, R.
I., was sponsor for the vessel.
The new vessel is one of the largest
of its type in the American Navy. It
is 315 feet long, and the contract c&lis
for a speed or 29 V4 knots an hour. The
armament will include four 50-calIber
rapid-fire guns and four -1-inch tor
QUINCY. Mass., June 12. The first
of ten submarines, under construction
at the Fore River Shipbuilding Cor
poration yards for a belligerent power,
was launched today. The craft, which
is of the Holland diving type, will not
be delivered until the war is ended.
SUNDAY DANCING IS ASKED
Council to Consider Issue Made by
Request for Permit.
Sunday dancing is now. in the bal
ance before the City Council. At the
next meeting dancing either will be
permitted or will pe prohibited, de
pending upon the attitude of the ma
jority of the Council members.
The question has been brought to an
issue by the application of the Port
land Social Turn Verein for a permit
to conduct a dance for members of the
organization at Rohse's Park in Ful
ton on Sunday. June 27. , The proposi
tion was taken under advisement. At
present Sunday dancing is prohibited.
DECORATIONS TO STAY UP
Council Asks That Festival Trim
mings Be Left for Flag Day.
Owing to the fact that tomorrow is
Flag day, Mayor Albee and members of
the City Council yesterday adopted a
resolution asking business people 'and
others to leave the Rose Festival
decorations up until Monday night or
The local Flag-day committee asked
the Mayor to urge the public to ob
serve the day and to leave the city
decorated as It was for the Rose Festival.
FALL OF PRZEMYSL
DUE TQ BIG GUNS
Russians Wholly Un
prepared for Siege.
STORY OF LIEGE IS REPEATED
Correspondent on4 Ground as
- New Armies March In.
FORTS SCENES OF HORROR
Burial of Abandoned Dead Began
While City Celebrates New Oc
cupation Russians Orderly
While in Possession.
BT JAMES ODONSELL BENNETT,
(.Correspondent of the Chicago Tribune.
Copyright. 1915, by the Tribune. Published
PRZEMYSL, Galicla, June , by
courier to Berlin and thence to London,
June 8, The first 24 hours of the German-Austrian
occupation of Przemysl
have not yet elapsed, and the town is
ringing with the songs of the Jubilant
soldiers. The streets tremble under
the rush of motor batteries, going in
pursuit of the retreating enemy.
Inside the town Bavarian troops are
marching from masses sung In celebra
tion of victory. In the fields outside
the town squada of soldiers and peas
ants are in search of wounded who may
lie amid the tall grain. At every few
places of their advance they shout,
then pause to listen for an answering
The troops marching from mass are
escorted by their bands. They are
cheered as they pass, and at every turn
fresh Austrian flags are flung from
windows to welcome them.
Bleu Sustained kj Enthusiasm.
The troops are dog weary, but are sus
tained by their enthusiasm. Every eye
glows and every Up trembles with ex
citement. : Soldiers who already have
quarters are sitting in the windows,
making the street around ring with
Officers, meeting for the first time
since the firing ceased, lean from their
saddles to grip hands, and after ex
changing congratulations the first
words uttered by every one of them
are: "How many prisoners?" The
answer is pretty much of a disappoint
ment, and the comment on it ia that
the Russians have made a clever with
drawal. Long blue and white Bavarian and
yellow and black Austrian banners are
swaying in the golden June sunshine
from the balconies of all the govern
mental buildings, and the Austrian Em
peror's portrait, wreathed with field
flowers, has just been placed over the
entrance to the ratlihaus.
Pontoon Bridge Put Into Use.
Almost all the shops are still closed,
and all the regular bridges across the
San are down. But pontoon bridges
have been thrown across the river and
are packed with wagon trains and
caissons. At each end of every poti.
toon sit soldiers, holding the craft
steady in the swift current with long
These bridges are closed to the,
townspeople, with the result that fer
ries have been established, and these
are making incessant trips. What with
horses plunging down and up the steep
approaches of the pontoon bridges ana
wagons scraping their edges. It is al
most as much as life is worth to try
to cross them -on foot.
Despite the strain of military occu
pation, the life of trie town is alread
resuming its normal tenor. Flower
girls are selling bouquets to the sol
diery and boys are fishing on the west
Concluded on Page .". Column -1.)
CARTOONIST REYNOLDS GLIMPSES LIGHTSOMELY SOME
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, SS
degrees; minimum, 54 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; westerly wind.
James O'Djnnell Bennett describes Pnemyil
Juki after recapture by Austro-Gcrman.
Section 1, page 1.
Austrlans routed by Italians 'when attempt
ins surprise attack with 7O0O rren. Sec-
lion 1, page 5.
London editor says United States is defl
nitely committed to action, but not neces
sarily to war, by note to Germany. Sec
tion 1 page 5. -
Oscar King Wilson says Chinese loan has
lottery feature, .section 1, page a.
American note favorably received In Ber
lin. Section 1. page 4.
General Villa Invites new union of Mexico to
enforce principles for which revolutloa
was begun, Section 1, page 2.
Carranza's reply reviewed by President. Sec
tion 1. page 1.
Country confronted Dy need of revenue and
Bryan's .retirement may have influence
on method of raising it. Section I.
Bryan charges note to Germany was al
tered after his resignation. Section 1,
Pleas for life of Leo W. Frank made before
Georgia Governor. Section 1, page u.
Oregon horticultural exhibit wins medal by
sheer merit. Section 1, page 2.
Ruby flint Hughes describes hotel-hospitals
of Paris. Section 1, page 2.
Black cat rescued after two years alone on
derelict ship. Section 1, page J.
Pacific Coast League Results Portland 7,
bait Lake 6: Los Angeles 0, Venice U;
Oakland U. San Francisco 0. Section 2.
Bancroft is star In victory of Phillies over
Cubs. Section 2. page 1.
Vean Gregf- pitches in old-time form for
Boston Keel Sox Section 2, page 1.
William Hayward selected as coach of Pa
cific Northwest track team. Section 2,
East Side Redmen meet Piedmont Maroons
today and hope to stop their winning
streak. Section 2, page 2.
Ty Cobb yet in class by himself in baseball
world. Section 2, page 2.
Witn Northwest shoot over, sportsmen turn
attention to National handicap and sev
eral Portland contests. Section 2, page 3.
Coast League pitcnlng- records not up to 1914
mark. Section 2. page 3.
Nerve and ability declared requirement of
golf champion by Harry Vardon. Section
2. page 3.
Miss Molla Ejurste.lt defeats Mrs. Wright
man for tennis title. -Section 2. page 4.
Spokane athletes perform wonderfully at
Chicago High School meet. , Section 2.
Five tickets expected In primaries In Wash
ington In election. Section 1, pago 8.
Two Normal School classes will receive di
plomas Wednesday. Section 1, page .'
University commencement exercises begin to
day. Section 1. page 9.
Idaho Democrat gets Federal appointment,
healing wound. Section 1. page 8.
Corvallls merchants eie barbecue for farm
ers. Section 1, page 7.
Parole Board organizes and adopts rule
prisoner must have bona fide Job to ob
tain parole. Section 1, page 7.
Columbia - County settles contract for road
work on basis of SOo.lKKt. Section 1,
page -4. y
Commercial ud Marine. '
Wool season in taetern Oregon opens In
earnest. Section 2, page It.
Wheat firmer at Chicago on fear of rain
damago. Section 2 page 13.
War shares are active features of Wall-street
stock market. Section 2. page 13.
Former Turkish officer who died recently
well known la Portland. Section 3,
M. H. Houser charters Den of Alrlle to carry
wheat to England. Section 2, page 14.
South Dakota under orders to sail at 6 A. M.
today. Section 2. page 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
Y. M. C A. salesmanship graduates take
important positions. - Section 3, page 7.
War Department approved plan for militia
cruise to Fair. Section 1. page 3.
Plans for 1018 Festival already discussed.
Section 1, page 14.
Reception and luncheon given on Bear for
0. -W. R. & N. girl visitors. Section 1,
Official count of votes soon to begin and
Mayor to announce assignments to com
missioners. Section 1, page 10.
School election next Saturday to be conduct
ed under new law. Section 1, page 11.
Samuel P. Lorkwood. candidate for school
director, discusses issues, beetion 1. page
All Irvington greets kiddies In community
floral parade. Section 1, page 12.
Portland's Rose Festival amazes visitors.
Section 1. page 12.
Beautiful display of fireworks given at the
Oaks. Section 1, page 4.
Weather report, data and forecast. Section
1, page 6.
Wife for 11 years becomes man's rose bride
during Festival gayety. Section 1, page 17.
AUSTRIAN PLANE FELLED
Serbians Chase Bombarding; Fleet
and Bring: One to Karlli.
N1SH, Serbia, via London, June 12.
Three Austrian aeroplanes yesterday
dropped bombs on Kragojevatz, killing
or wounding 12 persons. Serbian aero
planes pursued the hostile machines,
bringing one down.
Another aeroplane with two German
officers was captured at Agripalanka.
(ALLA7 CrjETVVSVC? S YA V. S J SrTVjL
PRESSING fJEED OF
Rift in Cabinet May Af
WOOL TARIFF IS PROPOSED
Wilson Not Committed to Doc
trine of Free Raw Material.
BRYAN LIKELY TO FIGHT
Inheritance Tax Suggested, but' Is
'.Regarded by Politicians as Be
ing Fraught "With Danger
to Party In Power.
WASHINGTON, June 12. iSpeciaL)
The discussion has started here al
ready as to the probable effect on
legislation by Congress of the break
between President Wilson and William
Jennings Bryan and the retirement
of the latter from the Cabinet. Unless
the war should come to an end most
unexpectedly and an immediate revival
of import trade should follow, there
will have to be revenue legislation to
raise additional funds for the- main
tenance of the Government.
Revenue experts here can figure out
only three ways open to raise the
necessary additional revenues:
Revival of the duty on sugar.
Imposition of an Import tax on raw
wool. . ,
New Form of Tax Proposed.
Levying of additional special taxes,
such as stamp taxes, increase in in
come and corporation taxes and an
The latter form of a new taxation is
considered by the politicians to be full
of danger. The people have not set
tied down comfortably yet to the In
come tax and its collection is caus
ing friction In some quarters and may
result in loss of votes for the party
The sugar and wool duties hold out
the possibility of gathering into the
Treasury additional funds without
causing friction among the voters and
without necessitating a readjustment
of the entire Democratic tariff scheme.
Raw Material Issue Raised.
Mr. Bryan has been for many years
the ardent champion of the doctrine of
free raw material and his views were
accepted in large part by the framers
of the present Underwood-Simmons
tariff law. He is not expected to sub
mit quietly to the discarding of his
pet hobby, even to meet a crying need
of the Treasury. President Wilson la
not wedded to the doctrine of free raw
material. He was inclined to support
the Underwood theory of a tax for rev
enue on all articles, especially those in
general use, so that the tax burden
could be distributed generally, while
assuring ample funds for the Treas
ury. In the) early days of the tariff-making,
the President was understood to
favor a duty on sugar, not for the
protection of the Louisiana cane grow
ers, and also a duty of 20 per cent on
Klrst FiKht Won by Bryan.
But Mr. Bryan was insistent that
sugar and wool should go on the free
list in the tariff bill. In his fight to
bring thia about he split the Demo
crats of the Ways and Means Committee
of the House, Representative James, of
Kentucky, now Senator, leading the
fight for the Bryan men, and Chair
man Underwood, of the committee,
framer of the bill, standing in oppo
sition, with a demand for a revenue tax
on both sugar and wool.
With the committee deadlocked on the
(fuesnon, ana disorganization appear-
H'oneluded on Page Column 5.)
EVENTS IN THE WEEK'S NEWS.
Saturday's War Moves
ANOTHER big battle is being fought
along the line of the Dniester
River, In Galicla. in which the forces
of Russia are pitted against those of
Austria and Germany. Those German
troops which had crossed the Dniester
at Zurawna having been driven back,
and the Russians in Eastern Galicla
and Bukowina also having been forced
to withdraw to the river, the two
armies now face one another across
the wide and crooked stream, each
making thrusts in an effort to gain the
initiative for an offensive.
The Austrlans, in their official re
port, say they, have succeeded in cross
ing the river to the east of Horolenka,
a movement which. In view of their
recent experience near Zurawna, might
prove dangerous. -
The Austro-Germans. however, still
have Lemberg as '-their objective and
they are not likely to allow any re
verses they have suffered near Zurawna
and east of Przemysl to put them off.
Fighting as severe as any witnessed
in recent weeks may be expected dur
ing the next few days.
Heavy fighting also continues in the
Baltic provinces and on the Eastern
Prussian front, in which both sides
claim advantages. With the view,
doubtless, of preventing the Russians
from sending reinforcements to either
of their wings, the Germans on Friday
delivered an attack along the Rawka
River, between Bolimow and Zochaczew,
the scene of important battles last
Winter, when the Germans tried to
reach Warsaw by the direct route from
the west. In Friday's attack the Ger
mans say. they have broken into the
Russian positions and have taken
At various points between Rheims
and north of Arras the French continue
their attacks, which they report to have
been successful, but which the Germans,
on the other hand, say have been re
Although no big forward movement
has been made, the fighting is almost
continuous along the line from the sea
to Champagne and in the Woevre. The
British and Belgians, although they
are not doing much attacking, are
playing an important role in these op
erations, for to them falls tne task of
holding large German forces on their
front by threatening an offensive and
thus preventing the Germans from
sending relief to those troops which the
French are assailing.
The Italians have scored another
success on the Isonzo River by the cap-
Lture of the town of Gradisca, and it
Is reported that they are :ary-lng out
a strong offensive all along the river
as far up as Tolmino, which they are
endeavoring to outflank.
Unofficial reports say that the
allies are making steady progress on
the Gallipoli peninsula, but ho details
are given and official confirmation is
Yesterday's report of German sub
marine activity shows that one steamer
and three trawlers were sunk. Since
Saturday last, German submarines have
sunk 54 vessels, of which seven were
neutral. The others comprised two
French, two Belgian, three Russian
and 40 British. Of the British vessels
32 were fishing craft. In addition, two
fishing smacks were sunk by a Zep
pelin. DR. DERNBURG SAILS AWAY
Ex-Colonial Secretary In Fine Hu
mor on Board Steamer.
NEW YORK. June 12. Bernard Dern
burg, ex-colonial secretary of the Ger
man Empire, who has been termed Em
peror William's unofficial representa
tive in this country, sailed for home
today aboard the Norwegian steamer
Bergensf jord. He seemed to be in rare
good humor, chatted smilingly with
friends who came to the pier to wish
him bon voyage, posed for photogra
phers, talked with newspapermen a few
moments and went to his suite aboard
the steamer, which had been turned
into a bower of roses by admirers, with
the hope, he said, that the war would
soon end with honor for all engaged.
For America and his treatment here.
Dr. Dernburg expressed kindly senti
ments. He said he had been treated In
this country with "indiscriminate nice
ty, excepting on one occasion the Lu
Right to Recognition
WAY HELD OTHERWISE CLEAR
"Definite Possession of Sov
ereignty" Set Forth.
VILLA ALSO ANSWERS
Constitutionalist Leader, in Supple
mentary Fetter to Opponent,
Suggests Personal Meeting
to Arrange Peace.
WASHINGTON, June 12. President
Wilson had before him the first reply
to his recent statement regarding Mex
ico. It consisted of "a proclamation to
the people," issued yesterday by Gen
eral Carranza,' asserting the right of
the constitutionalist government to rec
ognltlon by the United States and other
foreign governments. Lack of recogni
tion is declared to be the one diffi
culty remaining in the'way of restoring
constitutional government in Mexico.
The statement asserts: "At this time
we believe ourselves to be In a posi
tion to overcome this last difficulty
because the constitutionalist govern
ment is now actually In definite pos
session of sovereignty and the legiti
mate exercise of sovereignty is the es
sential condition which should be taken
into account when deciding upon rec
ognition of a government."
Villa's Answer la Wuhlaxtm.
General "Villa's a'nswer also reached
Washington today, but was not deliv
ered at the State Department. Until
It is presented the Villa agency de
clined to make public the text.
Officials of the department declined
to comment on the abstract of the Villi
statement carried in dispatches or on a
copy of a letter from Villa to Car
ranza also received at the agency,
which urged that differences be for
gotten and suggested a personal meet
ing between the two leaders to arrange
for co-operation and the restoration of
General Carranza's proclamation was
formally handed to Consul SlUiman xt
Vera Cruz yesterday for transmission
to Washington. It was promptly laid
before President Wilson and State De
partment officials would not discuss it.
The document reiterates the history of
the revolution through five years, be
ginning with the Madero uprising
against Porfirio Diaz and what is
termed the economic and social In
equality of the colonial epoch. The
length of the revolution, it asserts, is
due to attempt at compromise with the
elements of the old regime at Ciudad
Ex-Ambassador Wilson Blamed.
President Madero's failure the docu
ment attributes to the opposition from
Orozco, Reyes and Felix Diaz of the
old regime and Zapata, instigated by
their adherents. .General Huerta, it
explains, consummated the movement
with the. co-operation of "a group of
foreigners favored by the old regime
who surrounded Henry Lane Wilson,
ex-American Ambassador to Mexico and
under the pretext of saving Mexico
City from war.
The statement then explains that as
Governor of the State of Coahuila, Gen
eral Carranza assumed representation
of the republic in accordance with the
constitution, which by its own terms
"will not lose its force and vigor even
though, through some rebellion, its ob
servance is interrupted."
The schism of Villa and his follow
ers, which later occurred, the state-
Concluded on Paice 7, Column 1.)
TZYjEfZ HAH OS fU-Ll-