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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 20, 1915)
Pages' 1 to 18
VOL. XXXIV. XO. 23.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY 3IORNING, JUNE 20, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Pressure From Russia
PROPAGANDA GAINING GROUND
Failure to Press Fighting in
West Held Demoralizing.
VOICES HEARD AT HOME
Pastoral Letter Advocating Forced
Sicnico Kcad.in Churches and
Labor Men at Front le-
LONDON. Juno 19. (Special.) Con
ecription propaganda is making great
' headway in Great Britain. Despite the
cautious assurances of Premier Asquith
and Mr. Lloyd George that compulsion
is not contemplated, it is well known
In Fleet street that a new factor re
cently has been introduced into this,
the most serious ol the controversies
raised by the war.
Britain's allies are pressing her to
adopt forthwith a sweeping measure
of national military service. The de
mand is particularly strong from Rus
fcia. Emperor Nicholas and his Minis
ters feel that England's failure to bring
more men to the firing line on the west
during tne period of Russian sensa
tional advance in Galicia has proved to
be a more demoralizing influence on
the general fortunes of wa than Win
ston Spencer Churchill's fiasco in the
first Dardanelles assault.
Pressure Kelt Outside and 1 n.
Pressure from her allies, according
to Mr. Asquith, led England to change
her party Cabinet into a national gov
ernment, and the Saturday Review de
clares that "just as the Radical Premier
gave up his lifelong convictions on
coalition ministries at the behest of
Paris and Rome, so he is being steadily
driven by Petrograd to abandon an
other Radical prejudice, the unpatri
otic and dangerous theory, that con
scription would establish militarism in
Now domestic forces are working in
the same direction. In the labor world
the conscription yeast is fast leavening
the whole lump, except possibly the
section led by the Independent Labor
Socialists Joist In Demand.
The British Socialist party, which,
like its predecessor, the Social Demo
cratic Federation, always has favored
universal military training, comes out
with a demand that the government
heed the notorious fact that hundreds
of thousands of members of labor or
ganizations now with the colors are
strongly in favor of the establishment
So rapidly is objection to the princi
ple breaking down that a pastoral let
ter advocating "national service en
forced by law," is being read in the
pulpits of all the free churches as well
as those of the Church of England.
SHOT BRINGS BRITON TO
tSlcaiUbliip at First Ignores Neutral
ity Guard at New York.
NEW YORK, June 19. The British
steamer Mottisfont while passing out
quarantine late to day did not show
lier signal letters. The torpedo-boat
destroyer Parker, on neutrality duty
at quarantine, ordered the steamer to
heave to, but she kept on going.
The Parker then fired one blank shot
and the steamer stopped. The Navy
tug Powhattan went alongside and
found the vessel's clearance proper,
and allowed her to proceed.
BOY WINS COOKING
PRIZE OVER GIRLS
GEORGE HARUIXG. 11, EXCELS
IX LEXTS COMPETITION". '
Best Individual Display of Bread,
Cake and Other Articles Made
in School Exhibition.
George Harding, 11 years old, won
first prise for the best individual, dis
play of bread, cake and other cooked
articles, offered in the domestic de
partment, at the fifth annual exhibi
tion held Friday by the Lents School
He entered the domestic science de
partment along with the girls and
took the full course.
His display attracted much attention
especially the bread and cake. This
department was well represented, and
it was the wonder of the big crowd
that a 11-year-old boy should have ex
celled the girls in cooking. Ellen An
derson won the first prize for the best
exhibit of cake.
More than 600 children exhibited ar
ticles, and altogether more than 1300
separate articles were shown from ev
eryj department, including manual
training, sewing, plain and fancy cook
ing, painting, art coloring and class
work, the big assembly-room looking
like a' department store. About 1500
persons visited the school in the after
noon. City Assistant Superintendent Grout
addressed the Parent-Teacher Associa
tion in the afternoon on "Three Stages
of Childhood." The association served
refreshments during the day and made
enough money to pay all debts of the
lunch department, incurred for dishes.
Mrs'. Otto Katzky retired from the
presidency and Mrs. Maude Darnall
was installed as president. Principal
A. F. Hershner and the teachers were
in charge of the exhibition.
MOHAWK PRINCESS SAILS
White Deer to Become Bride of Rus
sian Army Officer.
NEW YORK, June 19. (Special.)
There was one American among the
passengers on the liner St. Paul, which
sailed for Liverpool today, whose right
to the title could not be questioned.
She was Princess White Deer, a Mo
hawk Indian maiden from the St. Regis
Reservation in this state. She is the
daughter of Chief Running Deer and
granddaughter of the last of the fight
ing chiefs of the Mohawks.
The Princess is an exceedingly
pretty girl and dresses in the height
of fashion, sue was educated aoroao
and is on .her way to Liverpool, where
she will meet a Russian army officer,
to whom she has been betrothed more
than a year.
They are to be married in England
and will then proceed to Petrograd.
SWEDEN ORDERS CAUTION
Shipmates Mast Train Crews, and
Keep Lifeboats Tteady.
WASHINGTON, June 19. Special
safety measures to be observed by ships
navigating Swedish waters have been
proclaimed at Stockholm, according to
advices today to the State Department
Vessels in waters where mines have
been placed .or may be floating and
where other military measures have
been taken must have lifeboats swung
out and ready for quick launching.
Crews must be drilled at the lifeboats
at least twice a month.
A maximum fine of 1000 kroner, un
less general or maritime laws would
impose a more severe penalty, is pro
vided for shipmasters failing to take
Smallest Man in Camp Strongest.
LAWRENCEBURG. Ind., June 12.
George J. Casey, 23, timekeeper for the
Baltimore &. Ohio Southwestern Rail
road Co., broke the bones in his right
hand but won a wager in a contest of
carrying a crosstle. Casey weighs 132
pounds and is the smallest man in the
camp, but he was the only workman
who could carry the heavy tie on his
shoulder a distance of a mile down
the tracks. When he was placing the
timber on the ground he slipped and
fell and it Injured his hand.
CARTOONIST REYNOLDS' PICTORIAL REVIEW
BERLIN SAYS FALSE
FLAG DOOMED 11-29
New Turn Given Nego
tions With America.
PUBLIC IS DEEPLY IMPRESSED
Tanker Using Swedish Em
blem Accused of Attack.
POSITIVE ASSERTION MADE
British Abuse of Xcutral Flags De
clared to Make It Impossible
to Take Measures to As
BERLIN, June 18, via London, June
19- A statement given out today by
the German Admiralty to the effect
that the German submarine U-29 had
been rammed and sunk by a British
tank steamer flying a Swedish flag
after the vessel had been ordered to
stop is expected to have an. Important
bearing on the German-American ne
gotiations. German naval officers and the public
at large ask how it is possible for
German submarines to treat merchant
men in the way requested by the
United States or to take steps to as
certain the nationality of ships dis
playing neutral flags in the war tone
so long as British captains adhere to
the rules laid down by the Admiralty.
Announcement Made Positively.
The announcement published by the
German Admiralty regarding the fate
of the U-29 was made In a most posi
tive form. If the German Admiralty
had conclusive evidence on which to
base its statement, it will, in the opin
ion of well-informed persons here,
make a deeper impression on the pub
lic mind than would almost any other
The Overseas News Agency gave out
today a summary of the statement of
the German Admiralty on the subject
"Commenting on this, German news
papers say it is proor of the British
abuse of neutral flags and that the
illegal course followed by ships of
commerce compels the commanders of
German submarines to consider their
own safety first and sink such ships
Concession Declared Impossible.
Under the headline of "Weddigen and
the American Note," the Kreuz Zeitung,
in a leading article today, resumes con
sideration of submarine warfare. The
newspaper declares that the fate of the
U-29, as announced by the German Ad
miralty, demonstrates the danger of
first investigating and then sinking
ships, and raises the assumption that
the German successes would have been
much greater if this consideration had
"The incident further shows plainly,"
the newspaper continues, "what mean
ing America's demand has that sub
marines should not torpedo even enemy
merchantmen without first halting and
searching them. It would be a complete
surrender of the advantage due to
technical superiority of the German
submarines, and that is not possible.
"We have all due respect for Amer
ica's business interests, but we must
reserve the right to try to keep Amer
ican ammunition from our enemies
without scruple and with all the means
at our disposal, and to cause every con
ceivable damage to Great Britain in
the war of destruction which it forced
Weapon Not to Be Abandoned.
"Therefore, the American demand to
render Ineffective our submarine war
against every ship carrying American
(Concluded on Page 2, Column l.
' -- - - VTT I II ' ' M Bill 1 I I M I M w m - - - W r W fc- : .-rO-iOrV
i ' ' ra n f u l j i s i
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 65
degrees; minimum, t2 degrees.
TODAY'S Sunday fair, northwesterly winds.
German declaration that IT-29 was sunk by
British merchantman ttnder Swedish flag
may five new turn to American negotia
tions. Section 1, page 1.
Orders totaling $1,000,000,000 placed with
American manufacturers. Section 1,
Allies' hold on GalUpoli precarious. Sec
tion l', page -.
Austro-Cermans rapidly forcing their way
toward Lemberg- Section 1. page 2.
Allies pressure hastens day of conscription
in Britain. Section 1, page 1.
Carranza faces Cabinet crisis, with Obregon
arrayed against him. 3ction 1, page 1.
Dreadnought Arizona launched.- Section 1.
Helen C. Moller. Greek dancer, says she
can't make motions, but body responds
naturally to music. Section 1, page o.
Portland roses draw denae crowd lo Oregon
building at Fair. Section 1, page o.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 5,
Oakland C; 1-os Angeles 1. San Fran
cisco 0; Venice 6-7. Salt Lake 0-2. Sec
tion 2, page 2.
Ty Cobb stilt far In advance In American
League batting. Section 2. page o.
New York Americans lone one of two games
and. halt in winning streak. Section
State golf championship won . by Rudolph
Wilhelm. Section 2, page 4.
Chester Fee. University of Oregon athlete,
to reoresent Multncmah Club at San
Francisco nceet. Section 2, page 3.
Pacific Indians big gun tourney to be held
at Tacoma July 1U, 20. 21 and 22. Sec
tion 2, page 0.
Fast games &ie due tody between teams of
City League. Section 2, page 2.
Ness, cf Oaks, leads Coast hitters with .362.
Section 2, page 3.
Dutch Klawiiter and Slim Love about only
Coast pltcbers who show improvement
over form of year ago. Section, 2. page 3.
Four tie in men's golf handicaps. Sec
tion 2, pago 4.
Coast League teams may travel by water
Instead of rail. Section 2, page 1.
Pacific North went.
Town of Timber swept by $12,000 fire. Sec
tion 1. page 1L
Winners of school Industrial prizes taken to
Fair as reward. Section 1, page 9.
School of Journalism beneficiary of com
plete printing plant of old Oregon State
Journal. Section 1, page 10.
Centralia puts on gay attire to welcome
delegates to seven conventions. Section 1,
Trial of Attorney-General, Its results, and
other incidents cause Idaho political lead
ers much thought. Section 1, page 8.
University faculty adopts measures to in
crease scholastic standing. Section 1,
Washington Commission rejects $11 wage
for waitresses, but puts other workers
at J9. Section 1, page 7.
Commercial and Marine.
Vessels of North Pacific Steamship Company
to undergo repairs. . Section 2. page 4$.
June cereal exports jump upward, but ship.
ments to California lower than usual.
Section 2. page 6.
Right of Northern Pacific and Great North
ern to own steamers to b Issue at hear
ina; Tuesday. Section. 2, pajfe .
Keal Katate and Building.
Realty deals of week numerous, but small.
Section 4. page 12.
$1,000,000 load and other contracts let.' Sec
tion 4. page 12.
A torn ob ilea and RoavdW.
Seventeen speed kings already announced for
Tacoma races July 4-5. Section 4, page
Twenty-one autos are racing from Chicago to
Seattle. Section 4. page 7.
Auto tourists arriving from Tla Juana, Mex
ico, bring word roads are in good shape.
Section 4, page 8.
Tourist Invasion begins now roads are in good
condition. Section 4. page 8.
Official log of Pacific Highway is issued.
Section 4, page 9.
Columbia Highway is compared with Alpine
roads. Section 4, page 10.
Portland and Vicinity.
Southern Pacific will extend electrification
to CorvalUs as soon as tow n grants
franchise. Section 1. page la.
Wood doalcrs cut prices -nd prepare to fight
city when it enters retail business, fcjec
ticr. I. page 10.
Head if Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen
says railroad directors understand each
other. Section 1, page 16.
Public Works Department has plan for re
moving Jogs in streets. Section 1, page
Reunion of alumni and early teachers of
Couch School held at building. Section
1. page 14.
Treasurer Adams will lose his Job. Section
1. page 14.
203 Oregon ploneers.dle In year ended June
1. Section 1, page 12.
Fund for Associated Charities one-third
pledged Section 1, page 13.
Oregon pioneers will gather in forty-third
annual reunion Thursday. Section 1,
Two paving contracts signed and work will
start In morning. Section 1, page 11.
Federal aid for irrigation projects must
wait on Congressional committee inves
tigations. Section 1 . page 6.
Mrs. Thomas K. Walsh denies she is mar
ried to handsome young secretary. Sec
tion 1, page 7.
Samuel P. Lock wood elected School Direc
tor. Section 1. page J.
Boy 11 years old wins cooking prize in
competition with girls of Lents school.
Section 1, page 1.
OF THE WEEK'S NEWS
Crisis in Cabinet Sud
OBREGON LEADS OPPONENTS
First Chief May Take Refuge
on American Warship. -
MOVE ON CAPITAL HALTS
Maytorcna .Threatens Resistance it
Americans Attempt Landing at
Gtiaymas Incident Closed
if Indians Arc Curbed.
"WASHINGTON, Juno 19. General
Venustiano Carranza, original leader
of the Mexican constitutional move
ment, is face to face -with a situation
that may eliminate him as a factor in
Mexican . politics unless he yields to
the dictation of his commanding gen
eral, Alvaro Obregon, and other higrh
officers in- his army.
Official advices today revealed that
four of Carranza's Cabinet ministers
had resigned and that General Obre
gon -was insisting on their retention,
as well as the dismissal of the mem
bers to whom theywere opposed.
Maytorena'ai Attitude Threatening;.
Word also came to the American
Government that General Jose May
torena, the Villa commander in So
nora, objected today to the possible
Landing of American marines to res
cue Americans in the Yaqui '"alley,
indicating that he would regard some
such action as a hostile invasion.
Inasmuch as Maytorena promised to
send troops to the region to protect
foreigners, the American Government,
which had decided to land marines
only if absolutely necessary, it is un
derstood will consider the incident
closed with the arrival of the May
Trouble of l.onic Standing.
' The situation in the Yaqui Valley
was overshadowed, however, by the
Cabinet crisis at Vera Cruz, where a
new angle to the entire Mexican prob
lem was created almost overnight. The
dissension in the Carranza Cabinet, ac
cording to official reports, resulted
from a newspaper attack by one of the
cabinet members on some of his col
leagues, but in many quarters here it
was believed the trouble is of long
standing and is the culmination ( of
differences between Carranza and Obre
gon, which began when the latter oc
cupied Mexico City several weeks ago.
The fact that Obregon had tele
graphed Carranza insisting on the re
tention of the four cabinet members,
Luis Cabrera, Rafael Zubaran, Kscu
dero Verdugo and Jesus Uerta, the
first two of whom were in Washington
for a long: time as representatives of
Carranza, was generally viewed as an
indication of Obregon's ascendancy to
a position of political prestige in the
Warships Will Offer Axylum.
News coming through official chan
nels that Carranza had removed his
headquarters to the old isolated fort
ress. San Juan de Uloa, in the harbor
of Vera Cruz, spread the impression
that he feared an uprising against him
in Vera Cruz. American warships ly
ing in the harbor would give him asy
lum should he desire to escape, it was
The cabinet crisis in Vera Cruz has
halted the movement of General' Pablo
Gonzales on Mexico City. It is not
known what his sympathies are, ' but
he always has been personally friendly
to Carranza. and !t in believed here he
has halted his troops to await devel-
(Concluded on. Page Column 1.)
REFLECTS LITTLE OF A
Saturday's War Moves
THE strongly fortified Galician town
of Grodek, where it was predicted
the Russians would make a stubborn
stand, has fallen before the Austro
German assault, according to last
night's Austrian official statement; the
River Tanew, believed to be another
strong barrier, has been crossed:
Komarno, only a few miles south of
Grodek, has been taken and the Austro
German forces are within less than a
day's march of Lemberg, capital of
These assertions were forecast in
the German official statement from
Berlin, which preceded that from
Vienna. The Berlin statement asserted
that the Grodek positions were being
attacked, the Russians to the north
retreating as far as the Tanew line.
The Austrians subsequently recorded
the fall of Grodek and said , that the
south bank of the Tanew had been
cleared of Russians.
Earlier in the day a resume of the
Galician situation from Petrograd said
that the then existing disposition of
the Russian forces in the vicinity of
Lemberg meant a crisis and that the
holding or losing ,of the line would
determine the fate of the Galician
The French are keeping up their of
fensive in the Arras sector, and the
British again have attacked the Ger
man positions-around Hooge, gaining a
considerable stretch of trenches which,
according to the latest advices, they
are holding. Of this gain, the German
official statement makes no mention:
The British Admiralty has announced
officially that the German submarine
U-29, which was sunk the latter part of
March, fell a victim to a British war
ship, the name of which is not dis
The presumable reason for this tardy
announcement became apparent only
when a flood of Berlin editorials, in
which it was said that the U-29 was
sunk by a merchant ship, reached Lon
don. This being accepted in Germany
as a fact, it was argued editorially
that Germany could not relax one whit
her warfare against merchantmen
which might ram and destroy sub
marines seeking to search them before
firing a torpedo.
At the time the U-29 was sunk it was
rumored in England that she was
rammed and cut in two by a battleship
The Italian Ministry of Marine an
nounced that Austrian warships at
tacked the Northern Italian coast lie'
the Austrian border Friday and Satur
day, but were driven back by Italian
JOHNSON TO ENTER RACE
Washington "Member of Congress
Will Run for Governor.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. June 19. Representative John
son, according to men who traveled
with him recently In Hawaii, contem
plates anouncing his candidacy for the
Republican nomination for Governor of
Washington and will oppose ex-Representative
Falconer, who already has
declared his intention of seeking the
nomination at the hands of the Re
publicans. Mr. Falconer remained in the East
for some time after Congress adjourned
and let it be known that he would re
turn to the Republican party. He has
not yet made public announcement to
this effect, however.
Representative Johnson will make his
campaign as a straight-out Republican.
JOHN BURROUGHS IS ILL
Case of Overworked Naturalist Diag
nosed as Autoloxcmia.
KINGSTON. N. Y.. June 19. (Spe
cial.) John Burroughs, the naturalist,
has been, ill for several days at his
honte in West Park. He is suffering
from autotoxemia, which resulted in a
weakness of the heart. His condition
today was considerably improved and
no serious consequences are expected
Mr. Burroughs is 78 years old. In
the Spring and early Summer he
worked unusually hard. His literary
labors have been interspersed by long
tramps, and he enjoyed his usual good
health until a few days ago.
On School Board.
DEFEAT IN RATIO OF 5 TO 2
All but 2 of 45 Precincts Give
Victor Big Majority.
LOSER GETS 2 DISTRICTS
Atkinson and Failing Show Returns
Favoring Member of Board,
but Only by Scantiest
Samuel P. Lock wood was elected
School Director, District No. 1. for five
years yesterday over Dr. Ernst A. Som
mer by a vote approximately five to
two. Of a total of 7332 votes cast, Mr.
Lockwood received 6284 and Dr. Som
mer 2048, giving Mr. Lockwood a ma
jority of 3236.
The size of Mr. Lockwood's vote was
a surprise. He carried all but two of
the 45 precincts by a decisive majority
in each case. He swept precinct 12.
Ainsworth School, which is Dr. Som
mer's own precinct, by a vote of 146
to 21. He also carried his own pre
cinct. Irvington, by a vote of 2T3 to
Dr. Sommer, on the other hand, car
ried but two precincts and these by
the scantiest of margins. He led Mr.
Lockwood in Precinct 4. Atkinson
School, by one vote, the final count
being 16 to 15. and in Precinct 13,
Falling School, he received 66 votes
to 61 for his successful opponent.
Total Vote I cum Than Last Year.
The total vote cast was only a little
behind that at last year's school elec
tion, when 7793 votes were polled.
Despite the fact that the polls were
open from 12 noon to 8 P. M. yester
day, twice the time that they were at
former school elections 'under the old
law, the requirements that one must
vote in his own. precinct, must be reg
istered unless he can show he is en
titled to vote, and must, have his name
on the tax rolls, undoubtedly operated
to reduce the size of the vote.
Mr. Locltwood. who is vice-president
of the Columbia Title & Trust Company,
said last night when advised of hi3
"I greatly appreciate the confidence
and high honor that have been be
stowed upon me.
"Hirmoiij" la Watchword.
"I hope we can all work together in
harmony on the School Board for the
continued improvement of our schools,
along the lines of better education for
"I hope we can inject harmony into
the school system so that we will all
work with each other and get the best
"I have no revolutionary ideas at all
in school work; to my mind it is simply
a case of getting out and wprking to
gether for the good of the system."
City Divided In 45 Precincts.
The city was divided into 45 -school
precincts for voting purposes, groups
of regular election precincts being
combined as to their polling places,
which were, with three exceptions, es
tablished in schoolhouses.
Showers that rell yesterday kept
many from the polls, and lack of in
terest on the part of thousands of men
and women eligible to vote was mani
fest. Yesterday's was the first school
election under the new law, which pre
scribes that only property owners
whose names are on the tax rolls may
vote. An exception to this general rule
provides that members of business
Concluded on ace lfi. Column 6.)