Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 13, 1915)
AMERICA VIEWED AS
London Editor Says, However,
Country Is Not Necessar- -ily
Pledged to War.
REFUSAL IS PREDICTED
Uinperor William's Greatest Miscal
culation, Another Declares, Was
in His Estimate of Mr. Wil
i son and United States.
LONDON, June 12. The Evening
Standard says editorially today on the
subject of the American note to Ger
many: "The first-note submitted a point of
Tiew; the second demands assurances
that, this point of view will be ac
cepted. By putting forward this
definite demand, the United States has
irrevocably committed itself. Refusal
on the part of the German govern
ment and the language of the German
press makes it difficult to believe in
the possibility of anything but a refusal
can no longer be accepted with sor
rowful acquiescence. The United States
is pledged to action of some sort,
though by no means warlike action. It
all depends on the Germans."
German Food Supply Admitted.
Continuing, the Standard argued
that the Germans, now that their food
supplies have been proved ample, can
afford to suspend the submarine block
tide. In a two-column tribute to President
"Wilson. Alfred G. Gardiner, editor of
the Daily News, says:
"No man in the democratic world
today is &o entirely governed by prin
ciple and moral sanctions. President
Wilson is not merely the first citizen
of the United States, but the first
citizen of the world. He makes mis
takes, no doubt, for he Is human, bat
they never are the mistakes of a
weak man.; they never are the mistakes
of a. political gambler or one touched
by sordid motives of ambition.
Mr. Wilson Incorrectly Estimate.
"Kmperor William has made many
miscalculations about nations and men,
but his greatest miscalculation was in
regard to Mr. Wilson and the United
States. Incidentally, there also has
been much misconception on the same
subject in this country. Through the
war his attitude has conformed to the
historic tradition of the United States
on nonintervention in European affairs,
but he realizes the world has changed
and the United States can no longer
remain hermetically sealed.
"He will not go to war if war can
be avoided with honor, but the integrity
of the United States is his supreme con
cern, and it is safe in his hands."
r.nis snows admiration
"Solemn Representations" Held to
Embody Spirit of Note.
PATHS. June 12. Unqualified admi
ration for the firm, dignified and cour
teous tone' of President Wilson's note
to Germany is expressed by the news
papers of this city. While it is consid
ered in no sense an ultimatum, the
press contends the language is so clear
it leaves no room for dilatory tactics
or a complex controversy. President
Wilson, it is held, goes straight to the
The wordu "solemn representations,"
which appear in the note, says the
Petit Parisien, sum up its spirit. Not
withstanding the perfect politeness of
its tone, the paper asserts such words
are not used in diplomatic documents
except in periods of real tension.
They are held to show that Presi
lry and nothing will induce him to
dent Wilson has decided upon his pol
AUSTRIAN PRESS KEEPS COOL-
JfoLhin- Scon to Cause War Between
Germany and United State?.
ZURICH, Switzerland. June 12. The
retirement of William J. Bryan as
Secretary of State has been taken
coolly in Austria, judging by the
Austrian newspapers which have
Generally, they are of the opinion
that nothing is likely to happen to
endanger the relations between th
United States and Germany. The
papers say that if, President Wilson
really desires peace Germany will do
hrr best to aid him, and tbt in any
event it is better to await develop
ments before expressing further
BRYAN' HELD LIRE tUOL-ITTI
31 i Ian Newspaper Thinks Resigna
tion Will Help Wilton.
MILAN. Italy, via Chiasso, Switzer
land. June 12. The Correrie della Sera
compares the attitude of Secretary
Bryan with that of ex-Premier Giolitti,
leader of the party which sought to
prtyent war with Austria. It says Mr.
Bryan's action probably will have the
same effect in America that Slgnor
Oiolitti's intervention had in Italy, and
that it will strengthen public opinion
in favor of President Wilson.
"It will give him greater power in
this important moment." the newspaper
adds, "defeating men who are ready to
lower the prestige and honor of the
BRYAN SAYS NOTE CHANGED
(Continued From First Pagre. )
asked, "does it not open the way for
further negotiations with Germany?"
"I can only reiterate what I have
said, that the note was softened," Mr.
Bryan replied, "but not sufficiently to
justify me in asking permission to
withdraw my resignation."
In his statement tonight Mr. Bryan
replied to published charges of incon
sistency because he signed the first
note following the Lusitania incident
and refused to sign the second.
"The notes," he said, "must be con
sidered in connection with the condi
tions under which they were sent. The
first note presented the case of this
Government upon such evidence as we
then had. It was like the plaintiff's
statement in a case, his claim being
based upon the facts as he sees them.
I did not agree entirely with the lan
guage of the first note, but the dif
ferences were not so material as to
justify a refusal to sign it. Then, too,
I was at that time hoping that cer
tain things would be done which would
make it easier for Germany to ac
quiesce in our demands."
Air. Bryan then repeates in his state-
WOUNDED GENERAL CHECKS ADVANCE OF
" GENERAL DE MA D'HUY.
General de Mau d'Huy, who was recently wounded in the action now in
progress in Flanders, baa the distinction of never having lost a trench since
he took command of the right wing of General Foch'a army. Though scarcely
known in France, his ability is winning- for him the recognition he justly de
serves. His command holds the ground from the vicinity of Avesnes. in the
rear of Arras, through which the Germans under the Crown Prince of Bavaria
are attempting to force an opening wedge, to Amiens, where General de Cas
telnau is in command. In close conjunction with the armies of the north, the
armies of General de Mau d'Huy and General de Castelnau held, without flinch
ing the line between the Lys and Noyon. In the early days of the fighting,
with but a handful of territorials, he stopped the Prussian Guard before Arras
shortly after the battle of the Marne. a
ment the three things be had empha
sized in his proposals, namely, that the
United States should offer to employ
the principle of investigation embodied
in 30 treaties with other nations, take
action which would prevent American
citizens from traveling on belligerent
ships or American ships carrying con
traband of war, and that this Govern
ment Bbould protest against interfer
ence with American trade with neu
"No one will be hapier than, I," said
Mr. Bryan, "if the President's plan re
sults in a peaceful settlement, but no
one was in a position to say what ef
fect our note would have upon Germany
or what results would follow if she
in anger broke off diplomatic relations
and 1 was not only unwilling to as
sume the responsibility for the risks
incurred risks which no one could
with any degree of accuracy measure
but 1 felt that, having done all I
could in the Cabinet, it was my-duty to
undertake, outside the Cabinet, tho duty
upon which. I have entered.
Grievance Held Skort of War. '
"I have no doubt that the country
will unanimously support the President
during the war, if so great a misfortune
should overtake us, but I believe that
the chances of war will be lessoned in
proportion as tho country expresses it
self in favor of peace not 'peace . at
any price' but peace in preference to
a war wared for the rdress of such
grievances as we have against Ger
many at least against war until we
have given to Germany the opportunity
which we are pledged to give Great
Britain, France and Russiato have
every difference of every character
submitted to an international commis
sion of investigation."
The ex-Secretary, with Mrs. Bryan,
left tonight for Old Point Comfort to
remain until Tuesday. On his return
Mr. Bryan expects to announce his
plans for the immediate future.
Diplomatic Tension Relaxed.
Official announcement of the delivery
of the American note to the German
government was received today from
Ambassador Oerard at Berlin. The
message came at the close of a day
marked by a more optimistic feeling
in official quarters that the -German
answer would forestall any possibility
of war between the nations and also
avoid a breach of diplomatic relations.
Apparently there was a general re
laxation of tension in the international
situation. President ' Wilson spent
part of the day at golf.' and let it be
known that later in the month he
planed to take a short vacation at his
Summer home in Cornish. N. II. No
answer to the American rejoiner i ex
pected for ten days at least, and there
Is conviction here that the Berlin au
thorities will await the arrival there
of Meyer Gerhard, official representa
tive of Ambassador Bernstorff, before
their answer is framed.
WORK ON SPUR IS HALTED
Proceedings Begun Against Laying
Tract at Chehalis.
CHEHAUS, Wash, June 12. (Spe
cial.) The Puget Sound & Willapa Har
bor Railway Company has been halted
in its work of constructing the spur
of track several blocks in length from
its freight depot to the plants of the
new cannery erected by . the Lewis
County Canning Association and the
wood-working plant of the Palmer
Lumber & Manufacturing Company.
Ties were laid and rails already , had
Injunction proceedings were begun
yesterday by W. G. LaFollette, a prop
erty owner on the opposite side of the
street from the one occupied by the
The City Commission recently granted
the railroad company a permit to lay
the spur on the line formerly occupied
by the sidewalk on the east side of the
Chamber Urges Wood Block Paving.
MARSHFIELD. Or., June 12. (Spe
cial.) The Chamber of Commerce went
on record at its last meeting as cham
pion of wood-block paving for Oregon
cities, and passed a resolution binding
the organization to forward such a
movement. The action is considered
more of a patriotic and home product
crusade than otherwise.
THE SUNDAY OREGONIAX. PORTLAND JUNE
Surprise Attack Through Diffi
cult Alpine Passes Fails. .
ALARM IS GIVEN QUIETLY
Advancing Amorces Deceived Into
False Security Until Faternl
Moment Then Rain of
Bullets Calls Halt.
UDINE, Italy, via Chiasso and Paris,
June 12. Details have just reached
Udine of i the driving back by Italian
troops of an Austrian expedition which
attempted to surprise an Italian posi
tion near Montenero on the Isonzo
In the Austrian force were 7000 men,
divided into three columns and sup
ported, by 12 mountain guns on mule
back, which had been taken from the
fortifications at Tarvis. The endeavor
was to surprise the Italians in the rear.
The Austrians advanced through nar
row passes. They were, however,
quickly seen by the Italian sentinels
and the alarm was passed along the
The Italians took their positions
quietly and were careful to keep out
of sight, thus deceiving the Austrians
into believing that their advance was
btsing made! successfully. At a given
moment the Alpine troops and the ber
saglicri : opened fire simultaneously.
The rain of bullets was kept up until
the orders came for a charge. Shout
ing "Lour live Savoy," the Italians
Although the Austrians fought des
perately they were thrown into great
disorder and compelled to withdraw.
Some of the mules with mountain guns
on their backs, as well as several men,
fell over a precipice. The losses of the
Austrians are said to have been heavy.
Italian forces which are advancing
from Monfalcone in the direction of
Trieste have two immediate objectives.
One is to gain possession of the sea
coast on the Gulf of Anzano and the
other to command the good road which
comes down from the mountains at
Nabresina, half way between Monfal
cone and Trieste.
GIRL ADMITS SHE IS SPY
Canada Remands Offender to Jail
for Aiding German Reservists.
- TORONTO. Ont., June 12. Louisa
Marksfelt, a girl of 19, who has been
under arrest here Bince. May 26, has ad
mitted to the police that she is a Ger
man spy." She has been remanded to
jail for a week.
The girl says she was born in Alsace
and when the war began was living in
Buffalo. She made Niagara Falls, Ont.,
her headquarters in assisting German
reservists to cross over to Buffalo;
She -is said to have paid visits during
the Winter to the various military
camps and to have made an extensive
tour of the Canadian West.
Send today's Orego
nian to your friends
back East. Mailed
for 5c each at Orego
nian Business Office
FALL OF PRZEMYSL
DUE 10 BIG GUNS
Story of Liege Repeated in
on Galician Fortress.
FORTS SCENES OF HORROR
Burial of Abandoned Dead Begun
While City Celebrates New Oc
cupation Russians Orderly
While In Possession.
Continued From First Page.)
bank of the river. From the opposite
bank comes the roar of songs as Ger
mans go marching in the direction of
Lemberg. Motor batteries are moving
to the east, decked with flowers and
green branches. Every gun crew has
become a glee club.
Work of Barring Dead Goes . On.
Such is the jubilation inside the pre
mier border fortress town of Austria,
but in the fields outside to the north is
the awful stillness of the aftermath of
battle. For over two miles the fields
are dotted with bodies, and there are
burial parties at several points. Rus
sian prisoners, are burying their own
dead, but in most places Austrian peas
ants and German soldiers are digging
graves, collecting dead and carrying
the bodies in blankets to the graves.
The horror of the work under the
blazing June sun causes the task to
be pushed on with feverish haste, un
der the direction of the green-clad Ba
varian military police. ,
The work of burying the dead horses
cannot be so rapidly done, and the
stench on the northerly slopes of the
town is fearful.
Already the battlefield is flecked
with hastily mada crosses, marking
graves sonic o which contain as many
as 20 bodies.
The roadsides are Strewn with rifles,
knapsacks arid clothing. Already this
wreckage is being collected and for
warded to the German sorting station
Soldiers Ue as They Fell.
The work has not progressed as far
as the trenches around the forts. There
the dead lie as they fell. Many of the
bodies- are stretched at full length on
the earthen shelves of trenches, their
heads resting on their -arms. It is as
if they sleep. In the woods -nearby
cuckoos are calling.
Where shells struck among massed
Russians the scene Is too terrible for
description, and I can only say that
long contemplation of it would drive
a man mad. Even soldiers used to such
sights are struck dumb or have re
course to three words, "Dass ist krieg"
(That is war), which, for them tell the
Farther on the scene loses its aspect
of human tragedy and becomes merely
sickening, for here a group of caisson
horses has been torn to pieces, and
their heads are strewn among the trees.
Behind the lines of trenches aban
doned cannon still stand, and small
arms and ammunition that could be
gathered by the- bushel have been
ground into the earth by the feet of
the fleeing troops.
On the road to Jaroslau la a ions
procession of peasants, who are being
moved out of the fire zone, both for
their own sakes and to prevent possi
ble leakage of information advanta
geous to the Russians. Men are driv
ing forward herds of long-horned
Galician cattle: women struggle for
ward with babies at their, naked
breasts; children are carrying bits of
pottery and other household goods; old
women are being transported in the
wicker baskets of farm carts. Colts,
pigs, and geese run wildly among the
People Weary but Fearless.
I do not sec one of the weary people
shed a tear. The only sound they make
Is the cries of the long-haired peasants,
driving the frantic cattle. At times the
scarlet bodices and skirts of bare
legged women give the scene almost a
festive aspect. It is like a comic opera
troupe gone to chaos.
Following the refugees come troops,
troops, troops, as far as the eye can
Cannoneers are swaying with sleep
on the six and eight-horse gun car
riages. Hungarian cavalry has taken
two poppy-flecked fields on one side
of the highway, and uhlans with the
Prussian black and white fluttering
from their lances are moving amid
standing grain on the other side. In
fantry is trudging through the dust,
the face of every man streaming with
perspiration and every uniferm is pow
dered. Battalion flags are sheathed in oil
cloth. Wagons carrying pontoons make
sounds liko approaching thunder. Scores
of pieces of heavy artillery follow.
All these troops are marching toward
the operations progressing north of
Jaroslau, from 15 kilometers (9.3 miles)
to 20 kilometers (12.4 miles) distant.
The rumble of the cannonade up
there is incessant.
Russian prisoners are being marched
forward in detachments of 1000 each.
The German officers speak well of
them, calling them "gutmuetlfr" (good
naturcd), and declaring them to be
not bad fellows. Passing the streams
outward bound from Przemysl are bod
ies or the German landsturm marching
into the city to do police work.
Whole Villages Wiped Oat.
From Jaroslau to Przemysl, a dis
tance of 30 kilometers (18.6 miles), the
track of the last fortnight's fighting
is still unbroken. The few houses still
standing are absolutely riddled and
whole villages have been obliterated.
Hurried talks with substantial citi
zens of Przemysl indicate that the Rus
sians behaved pretty welL during their
long occupation of the town. I hear
no talk of atrocities. When Grand
Duke Nicholas Nicholaivltch was about
to enter Przemysl Russian secret police
preceded hlin and ordered the closing
of all the windows and the keeping of
the population to their houses. But
upon his arrival the Grand Duke re
scinded these orders ana bade the peo
ple come into the streets. During the
Russian occupation the Czar and one
of his daughters visited the town.
At Radyaino a huge church was made
a fortress. Its dome is now unroofed
and its walls are scarred as if light
ning had played over them.
"Were people glad when the Aus
trians and Germans retook the town?"
I asked a citizen.
"They wept for joy!" he replied.
The same informant said that dur
ing the Russian occupation the Musco
vite authorities assembled 15,000 of the
population dwelling in the Przemysl
region, of whom 5000 were sent to Si
beria to prevent any possibility of
their serving in the Austrian army.
In making requisitions on the popula
tion the Russians seem to have been
not much more high handed than most
troops; but any hesitancy or delay in
filling them invariably brought threats
Russian Soldiers Despondent.
Citizens describe the feeling among
the Russian common soldiers as most
Great Sacrifice Sale
Men's New Suits
Every man's suit in the store is deeply cut from
the normal price. Buy now every reduction is
absolutely genuine. Stein-Bloch and other famous
makes are all on sale and every suit is a model
of this season.
Men's $35 Suits Now Only $27.50
Men's $30 Suits Now Only $23.50
Men's $25 Suits Now Only $19.85
Men's $20 Suits Now Only $14.85
Reductions Include Blues, Blacks, Full-Dress and Tuxedo Suits-
T? TP 1ST CT?T T TKin LEADING
-UJ-V. OJLL.JLJ-LJN VJ
despondent and declare that up to the
retaking of the town the mass of the
Russian troops believed the Austrian
army was wiped out.
The inhabitans say the Russian dis
cipline and sanitation were good.
During both sieges the town was full
of Russian spies. Most of the work of
espionage was assigned to " Russian
students. The hunger during the first
siege is described as terrible. I was told
that people fell in the streets from
It is the story of Liege, Namur. Mau
beuge, and Antwerp over again, and
that story is a story of heavy artillery
At the first sound now of heavy artil
lery the Russian soldiers begin to lose
heart, and the head follows.
The forts here illustrate the terrific
power of the Austrian and German
guns. One was hit by a shell from a
42-centimetcr (16-inch cannon. Its
enormous concrete works were ripped
apart, and blocks of reinforced concrete
measuring 25 feet long, 20 wide, and
15 high were moved erv masse, while
the steel turret, eight feet high and a
foot thick, was blown 80 feet across
The German losses are small com
pared to the results attained. The Rus
sian losses were heavy.
REVENUE NEED APPARENT
(Continued From Kirwt Page.)
ing in the Democratic organization
ranks in the House as members lined
up behind the rival leaders. President
Wilson went, to the aid of Mr." Bryan.
In a series of conferences with Under
wood and other influential members of
the House, he brought about the agree
ment for free raw wool and a plan of
gradual reduction of the tariff on raw
sugar until it should go on the free list
Democratic Tarty Stirred.
Mr. Underwood and his chief lieu
tenant. Claude Kitchin. of North Caro
lina, were dissatisfied with the arrange
ment, but a caucus dominated by
Speaker Clark in the interest of party
harmony accepted the compromise plan
of the President and Mr. Bryan had his
It is certain that Democratic politics
will be stirred when Congress takes up
this Winter the question of raising ad
ditional revenues through restoration
of tariff duties on sugar and wool.
The Bryan men are expected to come
out against the proposition, and Mr.
Bryan will Issue a loyalty call to all
his old followers. Mr. Bryan, however,
is out of tune with the Administration
on many Important issues, and it is
thought he cannot count again on the
support of President Wilson to hold the
Democrats in line for any of his plans.
Conditions will also have changed in
the House and Senate. Mr. Underwood,
never in favor of free sugar, will be a
member of the upper body, and Claude
Kitchin, who supported Mr. Underwood,
will be the new House leader.
Tiger Cub. . -Dum
Nut Look at "em all in that
mud! How will they ever get clean?
Wiseacre Huh! What do you sup
pose the scrub team Ih for?
Just Ask For It
in any first-class
For sale by all
W'lfiliiiv ; I '.'Is- IrtlWMafSSl'N WM
-, 1 TMIWHETZE1.MPO.CO. I
Morrison at Fourth
COUNCIL HELPS LODGE
OREGON CITY OFFICIALS WOULD
SAVE MOOSE CHARTER.
Prosecutor Asked to Drop Case Aaalnst
Officers, Whose Conviction Woula
Mean End of Organization.
ORECK)CITY, Or.. June 12. (Spe
cial.) Confronted witn an ultimatum
from the National head of the Moose
lodge that in case any of the officers
of Moose Lodge No. 961 were convicted
on a charge of violating a city liquor
ordinance the charter would be taken
from the local lodge, the Council to
night unanimously voted to recommend
to City Attorney iichuebel that the
charges against officers of the lodge be
Mr. kSchuebel has not received a copy
of the Council request and said to
night that he would not make public
his decision until the notice had been
received. The situation was explained
by Judge Gordon E. Hayes, attorney
for the lodge, and Mayor Jones, who
had discussed the matter with district
officials of the lodge.
The lodge was raided two weeks ago
and two bottles of liquor, one Kederal
license and a large number of five
gallon demijohns were found. W. Rey
nolds, steward of the lodge, who was
arrested, entered a plea of guilty and
was fined $250. Warrants of arrest
were served on all other officers a
week ago today, charging a violation
of the city liquor ordinance, which is
punishable with a fine and jail sen
tence. Since the warrants were served Dic
tator Noble has resigned: a houso com
mittee, composed of Mayor Jones and
Councilmen Meng apd Hackett, has
been appointed and the bar and fix
tures have been removed from the
lodgeroom8. A. A. Price, local cloth
ing merchant, was nominated for dic
tator at last meeting of the lodge.
DECISION AGAINST. ARANT
Kx-Snpcrintrndent of Park Xot Pro
tected, by Civil Scn-lcc Law.
ORBGONIAN NKWS BURKAU, Wash
ington, June 12. William F. Arant
cannot compel Secretary Lane to rein
state him as superintendent of the
Crater Lake National Park, according
to the decision today of Justice Staf
ford, of the District of Columbia Su
Arant. who was removed when he
refused to resign, set up the claim
that he was entitled to the protection
of the Civil Service law, and could be
removed only on written charges. The
court finds that Arant was not within
the classified Civil Service, not having
been appointed after examination, but
being a personal appointee of the Sec
retary of the Interior and therefore
subject to removal at the will of the
J;isti'e Stafford, who ruled agrafnst
Any barber knows why your hair is getting;
thin. It does not require expert authority
to determine that dandruff is the cause in
nine cases out of ten. It does take some
judgment, however, to determine the
proper remedy to use, as against the many
Dandruff and Eczema
Treatment and Hair Tonic
should be your choice always. Ask your
barber to give you a WHETZEL Shampoo
or application, note its effect, and you'll
admit you have found a preparation that
has a conscience. Dandruff, eczema, cuts
and abrasions are disposed of by its use.
One dollar per large bottle. Money re
turned if dissatisfied.
a liquid used externally for I ." Years
the standard skin remedy Instant re
lief from all kinds of Itch.
nHri Qnnn the mildest of
U. U. U. Oap oleansers keeps
the wkin always clean and healthy.
Arant, is same judge before whom
Binger Hermann was tried ot the
charge of destroying his letter books
when retiring from the office of Land
Commissioner and H. P. Gatcly, Arant's
attorney, is Mr. Hermann's son-in-law.
Gately gave notice of appeal.
HAIR, LOOK YOUNG
Apply Q-Ban Not a Dye.
Harmless Changes Gray
Hair to Soft, Beauti
ful Dark Shade.
Don't look old look young so it
your hair is wispy, thin, falling, gray,
streaked with gray, faded, dry. prema
turely gray, simply shampoo hair and
scalp a few times with Q-Ban Hair
Color Restorer. Your gray hair will
then be beautifully darkened, lustrous,
soft, fresh, wavy, with that dark lus
trous gloss which makes the hair so
fascinating and attractive. Also stops
itching scalp, dandruff and falling hair
and promotes its growth. Q-Ban is not
a dye, but acts on the roots, making
hair healthy, so the gray hair Is so
evenly and beautifully darkened that
no one can tell it has been used. Q-Ban
1e not sticky or messy; harmless, and
is guaranteed to darken gray hair or
no charge. Try it Big 7-oz. bottle only
50c At Huntley Drug Co., Fourth and
Washington streets, Portland, Or. Out-of-town
folks - supplied by mail. Call
or write asking for Q-Ban Hair Color
A HOMEOPATHIC PTSARMACf
I.N' CHARGE OF A TH.UXEB
(EJID FOn CATALOGUE,
WOODARD, CLARKE & CO.
Alder Street at West Park.