Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 13, 1915)
THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX. FOKTXAND. JUNE 13, 1915.
PIG ROOT ONE OF MANY
IMPORTED PLANT PESTS
Professor Sweetser Tells Habits and Characteristic of Weed That on Being
Introduced in This Country Overruns and "Hogs" Land.
imon PoirclTia.sedl tlie Sa.lva.e Stoclc of
a.gidlers9 .of Spofeajrie, Wa.sli.
BY ALBERT R. SWEETSER..
Professor of Botany In tlKj University of
UNIVERSITY OF OREGON. Eugene.
June 12. (Special.) The immi
grant tide brought not only peo
ples into our state, but with therrt have
come, as seed contamination and other
wise, an army of plants. These, find
ing conditions to their liking, have rap
idly multiplied, until they are difficult
to distinguish from native sons, and in
many cases, as often happens with .in
troduced plants and animals, are be
coming pests and overrunning the land.
Many of these troublesome weeds be
long to the sunflower family, compos
itae, and one of the most riotous of
them all, perfectly at home in our pas
tures and lawns, is the fellow pig root.
(Fig. 1) It lias a circle of leaves on
the ground, from the center of which
come branched or unbranched flower
stalks, bearing what appears to be a
single 0ower. but which is in reality a
head of small flowers surrounded by
leaflike bracts. One of the small
flowers is seen enlarged in figure 2 and
are all oi one sort, elongated on one
side into a sort of strap and below
forming a tube. At the bottom of the
flower is the egg case, with barbed
hairs on top. This contains a single
vegetal egg and will ripen into the
kind of a seed case called akene (Fig.
3). When fully ripe this akene appears
as in Fig. 4, the neck having elongated
and carried up the hairs until they
form a sort of parachute, which will
aid in dissemination by the wind.
This is sometimes known as Fall
dandelion, but the scientific name is
hypochaeris radicata, which, being ex
actly interpreted, means the root under
the pig. Some regard this as a refer
ence to the pig's liking for the root,
but juding from the manner in which
the plant "hogs" the ground, pig root
Its long tap root becomes stronger
and more firmly fixed each year, so that
persistent cultivation is the only means
oferadication. Its dissemination may
be prevented by continuous mowing be
fore the seeds have a chance to ripen.
E CADETS GRADUATE
PARENTS AXD FRIENDS PRESENT
Hill Military Academy Seniors Long
Prominent In Activities of School
and Athletic Field.
Commencement exercises for the
June. '15. class of the Hill Military
Academy were held at the institution
Friday night and nine cadets received
Ihelr diplomas. Several members of
the faculty addressed the gathering of
parents and friends of the students.
All the seniors were connected with
the activities of the school. Kenneth
C. Farley, of Portland, formerly at
tended the Lincoln High School. He
was playing manager of several
athletic teams. Archibald B. McNeil,
of Seattle, not only played on the foot
ball and baseball teams, but coached
the basketball squad.
Paul rt. Jones, of Portland, is editor
of The Orderly, the monthly publica
tion of the military school.
It was Walter X, Freiwald. of Port
land, who had a great deal to do with
the bringing out of the students when
the Hill Military Academy was en
gaged. Freiwald was yell director for
three or four years.
Dean J. Coovert, of Portland: Clif
ford A. Houlahan. of Seattle: Thomas
J. Howell, of Coulee City, Wash.; Sel
mar J. Monro, of Seattle, and Harold
"W. Williams, of Portland, are the other
members of the June, '15, class, and
all are well known in Portland Inter
scholastic League circles.
BURGLARS. GET $232 CASH
Puritan Cafeteria Loses $190 and
Couch-Street Saloon $42.80.
Thieves who broke into the store
room of the Puritan Cafeteria, at
Fourth and Stark streets, early yes
terday morning, stole $190 in silver
that had been cached there to be handy
for the morning trade. The gold was
taken by H. C. Brandes. one of the
proprietors, to the Imperial Hotel, but
the silver was hidden by the other
partner, W. V. Glascock.
Small change to the amount of 42.80.
hidden in the Nick Galonsch saloon. "at
241 Couch, street, by the bartender,
Joseph Gochi, was also taken by
thieves yesterday morning. Entrance
was gained by a passkey.
Jewelry and two railroad tickets to
Iowa were taken Friday night from
the home of Dr. J. A. Stewart, at
Lakewood, on the Oregon City line.
ARLETA SCHOOL TO EXHIBIT
All. Rooms Will Be Thrown Open to
Arleta School, at Fiftieth avenue and
Sixty-fourth street, will give an exhibit
in manual training work, domestic
science and sewing work in the school
rooms Thursday. This announcement
was made yesterday by Principal T. E.
There are 20 rooms, besides the
manual training building, all of which
will be thrown open to the public at 1
o'clock in the afternoon.
As a special attraction three baseball
games will be played in the afternoon
between the manual training teachers
of Portland schools and the office men
of the public schools department.
A Lincoln Highway Xumber.
The June "Sports Afield" is known
as the Lincoln Highway number, and
contains much information about this
great trans-continental speedway, giv
ing all the towns on the highway, with
their distances from New York . City,
and many interesting observations,
made during a motorcycle journey
over the greater portion of the road.
The number will appeal especially to
automobillsts, motorcyclists, hikers and
all devotees of the great outdoors.
There are many good articles about
fishing, camping and canoeing in the
Iiar places ui me earm, wiin 101s oi
The nun elves 600,000 times the light that
ft full moon does.
MEMBERS OF JUNE CLASS OF HILL MILITARY ACADEMY GRADU
ATED FRIDAY NIGHT.
7 ' fh f
TO ST. ' I f -o 1
AisJ JSVJ' VA Jfcr 1
, 1 f it IE I
-fait ttrMfr f
1 'f- I
Tomorrow at 8 A.M.
SIMON Begins a
Great Sale of
15c Raisins, lb 7l2
15c Apricots, lb. . . . .8
Dates, lb 12 '2
15c Currants, pkg.10
10c Figs, pkg 5$
8c Rice, lb 4d
7!c Beans, lb '. 5
Apples, Cherries, Black
berries, Grapes, Logan
berries, Plums, Pump
kin, Rhubarb, etc.,' gal
lon cans, your oo
choice; per can. .OC
The largest wholesale Grocery House in Washington caught fire and the $100,000
stock of groceries was slightly and partly damaged. Simon will begin the sale of
" this stock tomorrow (Monday) at 8 A. M.
Simon Shows His Great Underselling Power
With 50c purchase, or over, 6f groceries
you can buy 10 pounds of Sugar for
15c Fancy Maine Sugar Corn,
10c Choice Sardines, can 50
30c and 35c Tea, pound 150
15c Select Oysters, can 50
15c Select Clams, can 50
15c Alaska Salmon, can 50
15c Karo Syrup, quart can 80
15c Kippered Herring, can 60
10c Atmore's Mince Meat 50
10c Colton Tomatoes 50
15c Bayless Mustard Horserad'h T0
5c Jones White Soap 30
10c Peroxide Bath Soap 50
10c Heinz Pork and Beans. . . .'.60
10c Campbell's Soups 40
FIRE SALE OF THE JONES CASH STORE STOCK CONTINUES
15c Del Monte Tomatoes, solid
20-Mule-Team Borax, 5-pound
30c Coffee, 3 lbs. for 500
8c Prunes Very Fine, lb 40
10c I. X. L. Chicken Tamales,
$1.25 Holland Herring, keg... 750
All Groceries Are Guaran
teed or Your Money Back
J. Simon & Bro. 131-133 FIRST ST. Near Alder St
At little Prices at SIMON'S
10c Gold Dust Washing
20c Gold Dust Washing
$1.85 Graham Flour,
20c Canned Sauerkraut 8
Arm and Hammer Soda 3t
15c Colgate's Talc Pow
10-lb. can Wedding
Breakfast Sorghum 7
10-lb. can Carnation
10-lb. can Clover Maple
Quart can Log Cabin
Vz-g&l- can Log Cabin
Gallon can Log Cabin
If You're Dissatisfied With
Any Purchase Your Money.
EASTERN STAR FOLK DUE
SESSIO.NS TO OPEX TOMORROW WITH
TRIP VP COLUMBIA.
Grand Officer to Be Elected on Tues
day Mght and Meetings Mill
Close on Thursday.
The annual session of the grand
chapter of the-Order of the Eastern
Star will be held In Portland this
week, beginning tomorrow. An enter
tainment and boat trip up the Columbia
River on board the steamer Bear will
be given in place of the customary
formal reception preceding the opening
meeting of the grand chapter. City
Commissioner Bigelow will give the
address of welcome. Special music
will be rendered by the Al Kader
Shriners' Band, and there will be dan
cing, cards and refreshments.
The Bear, which has been chartered
for special passenger service tomor
row night, will leave at 7 o'clock and
return at 11 o'clock". A nominal price
of 50 cents each has been made for the
trip, and reservations should be made
early with the grand secretary. Nellie
McKinley, room 527 Imperial Hotel.
The Imperial, Broadway and Wash
ington street, will be the headquarters
nf Ihit Kan tern Star throughout this
session of the grand chapter.
Following is the programme:
Monday night Boat excursion.
Tuesday Opening ceremonies at 10
o'clock;- memorial; address of welcome.
Mrs. Nannie Thieoff. worthy matron
of Corinthian Chapter, No. 54; response
by Mrs. Mary E. Houck, associate grand
matron; reception of distinguished
guests; reception of grand representa
tives: address of welcome to grand
representatives by A. E. Pierce, asso
ciate grand patron; response by Mrs.
Inez M. Ryan, past grand matron;
recognition of past grand officers: ap
pointment of committees; address of
WA.tkv o.-oriH mnti-nn: renort of grand
secretary: report of grand treasurer;
report of committee on creaenviaia,
1:30 P. M., election of grand officers.
woHnotrfn v 9 A. M. memorial serv
ice by grand officers; memorial ad
dress by Mrs. Karen F. Drake, worthy
matron of Frienasnip tnapier, nu. nu,
i .in -o tlx .mirf u nf committees: rou
tine business; 7:30 P. M exemplifica-1
tion of ritualistic worn oy grana om
cers: floral work by officers of Martha
Washington Chapter. No. 14.
t-v-. , 1 1. q-nn A AT renorts of conv
mittees: routine business; 1:30 P. M
installation of grand orncers oy airs.
Mary M. Reisacher, P. G. M. ; presenta
noit e-rnnd matron's jewel: ap
pointment of committees; closing cere
DEATH LAID TO WOMEN
MOTHER AM) DAUGHTER ACCUSED
OK SLAYING BABV.
child was dead. The next evening.
Tuesday, she dug a shallow grave in
the back yard and buried it.
Donald Duffleld. 19 years old, whom
Harriet Fowle has said is the father of
the child, is held in the County Jail on
a charge of contributing to the delin
quency of a. minor. He will say noth
ing. peorge A. Thacher. criminologist, said
after investigating the case: .
"Mrs. Fowle told me that she didn't
know anything about the law: that it
was something as dark and unknown to
her as a thundercloud, but she supposed
she ought to have a lawyer."
COUCH GRADUATES TO MEET
Informal Gathering to Be Held Be
fore Old Building Is Closed.
An informal gathering of graduates,
former pupils, teachers and friends of
the Couch School will be held at the
school building Tuesday at about 1:30
o'clock. This is in response to the re
quests of many of the former students
of the school to visit the old building
before it is abandoned.
No programme will be given, but
those attending - will have an oppor
tunity to wander about the rooms and
halls, visiting and pondering on remin
iscences. A committee consisting of
Mrs. Daniel, Mrs. Burnham and Hopkin
Jenkins will be in charge to give out
all needed information.
Of the 1158 graduates of the school, it
is estimated that 400 are still in the
city and a large percentage of these
are expected to attend the reunion.
Second-Degree Murder Alleged Agalsnt
Mrs. and Miss Fwl( How Child
Was Killed la Confessed.
Charges of second-degree murder were
filed yesterday against airs. u. i-.. owie
an ,4 her 17-vear-old daughter. Harriet
Fowle, for the death of Harriet's Infant
baby. They will receive a preliminary
hearing Monday before Judge Bell or
Tuesday before Judge Dayton.
The information tiled by C. W. Robl
son. Deputy District Attorney, says the
babys death was accomplished by
strangling and asphyxiating with cam
phor. This is in accordance with the
written confession of Mrs. Fowle and
The girl's father arrived In Portland
yesterday from Washington ana visitea
DeDUty District .Attorney Collier.
"I don't see how my wife could do
such a thing." he said. "She was al
ways loving toward her own children.
1 can't believe It."
According to the confessions of the
two -women, no preparations were made
for the birth of the child. As soon as
it was born, about 6 o'clock Sunday
evening, it was put in a box containing
some old clothes, and left lying without
care, the authorities say. There were
no clothes for it. All that night it
lived, and all the next day. Then Mrs.
Fowle, at her daughter's suggestion to
"put it to sleep," soaked a piece of cloth
in camphor and placed It over the In
fant's face, according to the confessions,
When ahe came back several hours
later, she said in her confession, the
CLUB IS TO, ENTERTAIN
Jefferson to Be First School Used
Under 'Community Center' Ruling.
To arouse community interest, the
North Portland Commercial Club will
give a. free musical entertainment in
the auditorium of the Jefferson High
School Tuesday night, according to
plans completed yesterday. It will be
one of the first organizations to take
advantage of the new, "community cen
ter" ruling, allowing the public use of
A fine programme is promised. On
the committee having the arrangements
in charge are: Leon La Forge. W. P.
Vaughn, A. A. Campbell, C. L. McKenna
and Ralston J. Clary. Mr. La Forge is
manual training instructor of the high
Allan Accused by Boy Arrested.
Charles A. Edwards, a musician, was
arrested yesterday by Deputy Con
stable Nicholson on a warrant charg
ing him with contributing to the de
linquency of a minor. A 9-year-old
boy was the state's principal witness.
District Judge Bell bound Edwards over
to the grand jury.
'USURY' CASE DISMISSED
COSTS CHARGED IT TO J. RICHARDS,
WHO IS BELIEVED MYTHICAL.
E. E. Ware, Principal Witness, Has
Appeal Pending In Another Suit
of Like Charneter.
"I've heard enough. As long as I'm
on the bench there will be no shylock
cases in my court," declared Circuit
Judge Belt, interrupting the suit of J.
Richards against the Multnomah Fuel
The suit was an echo of the "loan
shark" cases heard last Winter, when
E. E. Ware was convicted of usury and
fined $500. In fact, Mr. Ware was the
principal witness in yesterday's trial.
J. Richards was the mysterious as
signee whose name appeared on notes
given to Ware's company for loans. An
employe of the Multnomah Fuel Com
pany had borrowed from Ware's com
pany. Ware filed his assignment, but
another creditor got the man's salary
on garnishment proceedings. J. Rich
ards, whom the District Attorney's office
declares has no real existence, then
brought suit to collect the man's, salary
from the fuel company.
Ware's testimony yesterday openly
conflicted with that given by him in the
criminal proceedings. Yesterday he said
he knew J. Richards. Attorneys then
called Court Reporter Wing, who pro
duced a, transcript of the testimony
given at the criminal proceedings. In
that trial, it was shown. Ware had de
clared he did not know who Richards
The point that led to Judge Belt dis
imissing the case and charging the costs
up to "J. Richards" was the testimony
as to the workings of the "loan shark
machine." The borrower, according to
Ware's testimony, gave a note for $100.
the amount he had borrowed. Then he
gave another note for $50, for "services
rendered." Each note bore 10 per cent
When these facts were disclosed the
judge interrupted the case and brought
it to an end.
Walter F. Geren, special agent of the
District Attorney's office, was present
in the courtroom listening to the pro
Ware's conviction is now on apneal
to the Supreme Court.
STAMP MAKERSJ0 GATHER
Convention Will Be Held in Port
land July 14 to 1 7.
Portland is to be the headquarters
for the fourth annual convention of
the National Stamp Manufacturers'
Association, to be held July 14 to 17,
and already plans are being made by
the officials of the Portland branch
MOTHER AND SON START TOMORROW ON MOTORCYCLE TRIP TO
F. W. Hoover on the Machine That Will Carry Himself and Motheri Insert,
Mrs. .Nellie S. Hoover.
Mrs. Nellie S Hoover and her son, ,F. W. Hoover, will leave Portland
tomorrow for an extended trip through California on their Harley-David-son
motorcycle. The mother and son will travel on the "Safety First" plan
and expect to enjoy thoroughly all of the beauties and wonders that lie be
tween Portland .and Southern California.
"Meandering along unfamiliar roads at an easy motorcycle gait of 100
miles a day ought to be an unique experience," said Mrs. Hoover yesterday
as ehe related the plans for the trip. -
of the organization for the reception
of .the visitors. Conventions held In
the past have been attended by about
200 or more delegates and preparations
are being made to take care of about
that number here.
Prominent speakers from all parts
of the United States will take part,
and problems of interest to stamp
manufacturers will be taken up. The
Multnomah Hotel will be the head
quarters for the convention. The plan
for the entertainment of the visitors
includes an all-day excursion up the
Frederick H.- Bronner, president of
the Portland branch of the association,
is in charge of the preparations.
TEAM DROWNS; MAN SUES
Action Against Washington County
Sent to Clackamas Court.
OREGON CITY. Or., June 12. (Spe
cial.) The suit of Louis Patnoe against
Washington County for $1980 for per
sonal injuries and for the loss of a
team due to a flooded road in that
county was filed in Clackamas County
Circuit Court today on a change of
Mr. Patnoe alleges that on the morn
ing of January 8, 1914, he was driving
on Taylor's Ferry road and started to
cross a filled place in the road which
was partly covered with water. In one
place the current was so strong that
his wagon and team were carried off
the fill. The horses were drowned and
he was injured, he charges.
Washington County, in an answer,
alleges that it was not necessary for
Mr. Patnoe to take the Taylor Ferry
road; that he could have gone back to
his farm before reaching the dangerous
place: that the flood was an act of God,
and that the loss was due to the plain
tiff's own carelessness.
Mystery of Submarines.
A remarkable series of articles on
"Submarines" is being written by
Simon Lake, the leading inventor and
authority on this subject, not only in
the United States, but throughout the
world. The first installment appears
in the July number of International
Marine Engineering, of New York, and
discusses submarines and their prin
ciples of construction and operation.
Following this introductory article, the
author goes into a good deal of detail
regarding the different forms of motive
power used in submarines, and the
various equipments in way of batteries,
Boiler Explosion Kills .MilUiand.
CENTRALIA, Wash., June 12. (Spe
cial.) When the boiler at the Meskill
Lumber Company's mill exploded this
morning George W. Hopkins met death.
The victim's legs and one hand, which
was still grasping the throttle, were all
that was found of the body. Coroner
Newell decided that an inquest was un
necessary. The funeral will be held at
Pe Ell tomorrow under the auspices of
the Masonic lodge. Hopkins' home was
l'"lag Day Is Tomorrow.
Tomorrow Is Flag day, when spe
cial honor will be paid to the National
emblem and in honor of the occasion
special exercises will be held in prac
tically all of the public schools of the
city. Because of the numerous school
holidays recently, the authorities in
charge determined not to dismiss school
and the plans arranged are such that
there will be only slight interference
with regular school duties.
THE ARISTOCBMS OFTHE ROAD"
Made by the Largest Rubber Company
in the World