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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (May 23, 1915)
Pages 1 to 20
VOL.. XXXIV. NO. 31.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, 3IAY
Formal Mobilization of
Italy's Army Commanded.
SEIZURE CF VEHICLES MADE
Clashes Along Frontier Re
ported as Tension of
EARLY DECISION EXPECTED
Cabinet Said- to Be Putting
Final Touches on Declar-
ation of War.
ROME, May 22. All Italy awaits
the call to arms. The Ministry has
Fet its face for war and the general
mobilization of the army and navy by
order of the King is under way. The
King signed the order today!
The Ministers of War and Marine
have declared a state of war in the
provinces along the Austrian frontier
pnd the islands and communes on the
Adriatic. This order says:
"From May 23 a state of war is
declared in the provinces of Sondrio,
Brescia, Verona, Vicenza, Beluno,
Udine, Venezia, Treviso, Padua, Man
tua and Ferrara and the islands and
communes on the Adriatic coast, as
well as in all the fortresses which
may be declared in a state of resist
Slop 1 Just Short of War.
While thij is not a. declaration of
war, it is the customary precautionary
action taken in a grave crisis, when
the next step may carry the country
into actual hostilities.
Thousands of Austrian troops are
facing the soldiers of Italy along the
frontier. There have been clashes on
the border. The barracks of an Aus
trian regiment at Rovereto, in the
Tyrol, has been blown up.
Many Italians reside in that town
and the Austrian authorities are ar
resting them. Large numbers of Ital
ian residents in Austrian territory are
being sent into Hungary.
Diplomatic Formalities Observed.
The Italian Consul-General has been
ordered by his government to leave
Munich. Austria has asked the United
States to take over the charge of Aus
trian subjects in Italy. It is under
stood that Switzerland will care for
So far as is understood neither the
Austrian Ambassador at Rome nor
the Italian Ambassador at Berlin has
left his post, but preparations for a
speedy departure were long since
PARIS, May 22. The Havas
Agency's correspondent at Rome tele
graphs that King Victor Emmanuel
today signed a decree ordering a gen-
iirlinlrd on Papp tt. Cnlumn 1.
SPED BY KING
PARIS IN DISGUISE
rnisxcn air scouts llvt sip
posed rrsiENo PASS ox.
Bomb Drops Closo to Kiffcl Tower,
Another ar 1'amous Store, but
Virtually No Damage Is Done.
PARIS. May 22. German aviators
flew over Paris at dusk tonight in an
aeroplane disguised as a French ma
chine. Because of the disguise the
French oir scouts allowed It to pass
the frontier, believing that it was one
of their own aeroplanes.
Flying high over the city the Ger
man aviators dropped three bombs. One
of the bombs fell in the Seine close to
Kiffel Tower, another on outbuildings
of the Bon Marche store and the third
in Rue St. Charles. All three bombs
were Ineffective and virtually no dam
age was done.
The German aeroplane was driven
off by a French machine.
SUNDAY THEATERS SCORED
Prcpbjtcrians Denounce Movies and
Indorse Saturday Half Holiday.
ROCHESTER, N. T., May 22. The re
port of the committee on Sabbath ob
servance made today to the 127th gen
eral assembly of the Presbyterian
Church of the United States denounced
Sunday moving picture theaters and in
dorsed the Saturday half-holiday move
ment as tending to aid Sunday observ
ance. Sunday newspapers were denounced
and the assembly was requested to
urge faculties of colleges and semin
aries to omit recitations Monday morn
ings so as to leave the Sabbath free
from the necessity felt by some stu
dents to prepare lessons on Sunday. The
general assembly was asked to reiter
alo emphatic disapproval of all secular
usps of the Sabbath day, including
games and sports in civic life, as well
as in the Army and Navy, all-unnecessary
traveling and all excursions.
The report was adopted unanimously.
HOUSEHOLD GOODS MAILED
Whitebird, Idaho, Office Gels 23
Parcels Weighing 803 Pounds.
LEW1STOX. Idaho. May 22. (Spe
cial.) The Whitebird postofllce received
through the mails recently 21 parcels
of household goods, all boxed. 'the ship
ment welshing 803 pounds and the total
postage being The shipment was
destined to a point on a rural free deliv
ery route several miles from the Mos
cow postofflce. The carrier of the route
hauled bis mail and freight in a sub
The poods went by mail approxi
mately 150 mites at a cost of a fraction
more than a cent a pound. From White
bird the shipment was transported by
Ha so to Cirangeville, a distance of 20
miles, and from Grangeville via train
to North Lapwai. where it was trans
ferred to the Moscow line. It then re
quired another handling by the rural
WAR COST IN YEAR FIGURED
Expenditure Is $2,0OO,000 Hour or
$17,400,000,000 for 12 Months.
PARIS, May 22. Captain Kdmond
Theiy, widely known as an economist,
estimates that the total military ex
penditures for the first year of the
war will be 50 billion francs ($10,000.-
000.000) for the seven allies and 37
billion f rancs ' (J7. 400, 000, 000) for Ger
many, Austria and Turkey.
This makes an average of 7,250,
000,000 francs ( 1,440.000.000) a month,
242,000,000 francs (I4S.400.000) a day,
10,000,000 franca ($2,000,000) an hour.
He believes the economic powers of
Great Britain, France and Russia can
support the strain much more easily
than that of their opponents.
Americans Xot Urge'd to Leave.
WASHINGTON. May 22. Ambassador
Gerard, at Berlin, cabled the State le
partment today that reports to the
effect that members of the American
Kmhnssy staff are advising Americans
to leave Germany at onco are without
t I cA&vy
VERDICT FOUND IfJ
p.ni nwn'Q FflVfl R
V of O Library 22NOV15l fl I U 1 1
Juror No. 1 1 Gives In
' After 42 Hours. "
BARNES' COUNSEL TO APPEAL
Defendant and Jurors Photo
. graphed Before Parting.
PLAINTIFF NOT IN COURT
Colonel Koosevclt Calls Finding
"Typically American" and His
Attorney Sajs Anglo-Saxon
System Is Vindicated.
SYRACUSE, N. T.. May 22. Twelve
men chosen as a Jury to determine
whether Theoaore Roosevelt libeled
William Barnes when he charged that
he worked through a "corrupt alliance
between crooked business and crooked
politics" and that he was "corruptly
allied with Charles F. Murphy of Tam
many Hall," today returned a verdict
In favor of tho ex-President. In the
belief of the jury everything Colonel
Roosevelt said about the former chair
man of the Republican state committee
was true and therefore Mr. Barnes was
Counsel for Mr. Barnes announced
that an appeal woutd be taken.
Forty Ballot Are Taken.
The verdict was returned after 40
ballots had been taken and the jury
i i ,.,.nii.1r.H for 42 hours the evi
dence which was presented during five
weeks of the trial. Nineteen noura
hefore 11 of the jury
men, who since the second ballot had
stood together, persuaaeo. juror
, , Rums, a Syracuse motor-
man and a Republrcan to join with
. 4 .-oturnlnir a verdict which
l.u r in ' .
Colonel Roosevelt later declared to be
For 11 of those- 19 hours, the Jurors
in favor of an unconditional verdict for
j.f oni talked to trie one vwio.
i.i.if nvnrlnz a similar ver-
V II 1C " v .
diet. Insisted that the court
disbursements should ne aivm
tween the two principals.
x-..-aiot IteHched la Jail Dormitory.
The veidict was reached in the dormt-
.. loll attached to the Onon
daga County courthouse and not in the
Jury-room. Juror Burns agreed to vote
with his companions soon aner i-
arose this morning, following their
.1 ntcrhf -In fUStodV.
Mr. Barnes was not In court and
neither was liis chief counsel. "William
M. Ivina. when the verdict was re
Thft Colonel was there, how
ever, with his staff of counsel, some
time before Justice Andrews ascenaca
Mm Kon.h and OnCMlcd COUTt.
Immediately thereafter Henry Wolff,
one of Mr. Barnes1 attorneys, entered
an objection to the verdict beingr re
th a lurv had once been
rn-M tn nnrn court. The objection, as
well as a similar one entered after the
verdict had been reached, was over
Colonel and Jury I'botojsrapl-ed
ivi. h. -in t-v harl bften called In
from its room and its members had
seated themselves, the rorcman, v ar
ren W. Sommers, almost in a whisper,
said mat i ne veraict was ior me uc
fendant. In response to a request from
t . H'nl r 41. S ii was thon rtrtll cA
The Colonel and the jury were then
photographed, after which the Colonel
turned to the lurv and said:
'l am more moved by this verdict
than it is possible for me to express.
None of you, I assure you, will ever
have cause to regret your action. I
am especially yratniea tnat sucn a ver
("(included on Pag o. Col umn 2.
IN THE WEEK'S NEWS
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTKRDAY'S Maximum temperature,
64.2 degrees; minimum, 50.0 deRrees.
TODAY'S Showers, southwest winds.
Conference between United States and Great
Britain concerning seized cargoes, off,
owing; to discovery of misunderstanding.
Section 1. page 2.
Washington hears entry of other Balkan
nations Into war depends on allies cam
palsn against Dardanelles. Section 1,
Baron Burlan tells Italian Ambassador that
Austria-Hungary Is "painfully surprised"
by violation of treaties. Section 1,
Parts regaining; cheerful tone. Section 1.
Automobile laden with dynamite blown up
In city street. Section 1, page 7.
Hatters union votes not to raise funds to
pay judgment against it, but will aid
individual members who may be com
pelled to pay. Section 1, page 2.
Japanese Ministers defend policy in China
before Diet. Sertion 1, page 3.
Automobile aud Roads.
Hudson Six is throttled down to two miles
an hour ou high, Section 4. page 5.
Washington to have no auto act frem June 1
to Junt 10. Section 4, page ..
Autoist proves himself a, painter. Sec
tion 4, page o.
Motorcycle club to Ftage meet here Decora
tion day. Section 4, page
Real Kntate and Building.
Small realty deals numerous but big onoa
scarce, bectton 4, page S.
Ileal t y nvn pi a n trip to attend N"a t tonal
convention at Los Angeles. beet ion 4,
Building work on East Side heavy. Sec
tion 4, page s.
Chicago White Sox and Chicago Cubs Jump
to lead in their respective leagues. Sec
tion 'J, page 3.
Club championship next tourney on Portland
links. toection 2, page 5.
Interscholnstic track meet Friday centers
attention of Portland athletes and faua.
Section 2. page 5.
Monarchs play East Side Redman today in
-tty League. Section 2, page 2.
Big Northwest ohoot is to be June 6-.
lection '2, page 4.
Only eight Oregon baseball players get -let
ters, lection 2, page 4.
Victoria's arrival in first place no .surprise
to tans. Section 2. page 3.
Oregon expects to beat Aggies at eonfef-
ence meet Saturday. Section 2, page 4.
Route for Festival roller skate contest is
chosen. Section 2, page 2.
Harry K. B. Davis omitted in golf rankings
to contest for titles in East. Se. Lion 2,
Pacific North went.
Oregon University class hears Merrill Reed
taiK advertising. fectlon J, page 11. -
Oregon problems will be considered at
Commonwealth Conference Friday. Sec
tion J , page U.
Borah's chances for Presidential nomination
occupy Idaho's attention. Section 1.
Commercial and Marine.
Oregon wool buying reason w m open this
week. Section 2, page 15.
Stocks advance largely because of Italy's
action. Section 2, page 15.
News from Italy causes slump In Chicago
wheat market. Section 2, page l.V
Inqulr called to fix responsibility for
grounding of Santa Cecilia and American.
Section 21, page 16.
SUBMARINE K-6 AGROUND
Flotilla Guarding Atlantic Coast in
Maneuvers lias MUliap.
NliWt'ORT, R. I... May 22. Anothot
mishap to the submarine flotilla
guarding the Atlantic Coast during the
war game of the Atlantic fleet was
reported tonight when word reached
this city that the submarine K-'6 was
aground, on the east side of No-Mans
Land. The tender Fultoa was stand
The Iv-6 struck during a dense fog in
a heavy southwest wind and rough sea.
STRIKE ACTION DRASTIC
London Tramway Employes of Mili
tary Age Must Yield Uniforms.
LO.NDO.V, May 22. The London Coun
ty Council took a drastic step today
to deal with the strike on- the Munici
pal Tramway system. It ordered all
employes of military age who are
eligible for service in the army or
navy to surrender forthwith their uni
forms and badges.
Only men above military age will be
employed during the remainder of the
Dixie Highway Takes l'orin.
CHATTANOOGA. Tenn., May 22. The
Dixie highway from the ureat Lakes
to the Oulf of Mexico took definite
form here today when the commission
ers from seven states adopted the route
ot the highway after a three days' ses
sion. Chicago was selected as the
northern terminus and Miami as the
GET THE FLEETING ATTENTION OF CARTOONIST REYNOLDS.
LASSEN GIVES NEW
Big Funnel of Smoke
ERUPTION GREATEST OF ALL
Rim of Crater Is Reported to
CROPS ARE TOTAL LOSS
Properly Destruction Is Widespread,
but l'orest Supervisor iays Fer
tility of Soil Will Bo Im
proved by Covering.
RhUDINU, Gal., May 22. Lassen
Peak burst into an eruption late to
day that is reported to have surpassed
all the eruptions, several score In num
er, from its crater since a renewal of
its eruptive activities one year ago. A
tremendous funnel of smoke shot from
the mouth of the peak and rolled sky
ward to a great height.
People in Redding poured out of
homes and buildings' to watch the
amazing spectacle. Although it waa
believed thiit there was no danger
here, the sight was awc-lnsplrins and
Kim of Crater Reported Kallrn.
Following an electric storm which
raged around the summit of Lassen
last night there .came a report early
today that tho rim of tho crater had
fallen In. Weather conditions and the
danger of new eruptions prevented
thorough investigation, although two
forest ransrers ventured far up the
Farmers, driven from their homes in
panic yesterday by the flood of mud
that laid a black blanket from one to
three' feet deep over an area 10 miles
long and from one-half to two mil
wide, returned today to look over the
desolated laiidsiarm. They found their
crops utterly destroyed, stock killed
and largo damage done to farm equip
ment. Kvery bridge for 30 miles down
Hat Creek Valley was reported gone.
l?perta Calm People' Fear a.
Further relief to the anxious minds
Of the people In Lassen's vicinity was
supplied by the opinion of experts that
Lassen Peak was too far from the sea
to permit accumulation of steam that
would render the menace of more vlo
lent eruptions acute.
Rushing accounted for the flow of
mud on the theory that hot lava pour
ing from the crater had melted the
snows that flank the mountain's slopes
and had set in motion a landslide of
The layer of mud has spread over
many farms, most reports fixing the
depth at one to three feet. It is report
ed to have covered the valley for a
distance of 13 milew, the strip varying
In width from a half a mile to two
miles. Alfalfa was the principal crop.
Mud Mill Increase Fertility.
Forest Supervisor Rushing said to
day that the mud would serve as a
Reports of damage continue to coma
in but the total will not be known
for days. Property destruction was
widespread. Miitor damage waa done to
many homes, and the loss of livestock,
implements, household goods and sup
plies was great. The crops in the area
of about 1 3 square miles covered by the
mud are said to be a total loss.
Great heat exists in the Lassen Peak
crater, according to a report to Forest
Supervisor Hushing by two rangers sent
Ilrnt Increases With Aarrnt.
They ascended tho side of the moun
tain, but were compelled to turn back
Saturday's War Moves
ONLY the formal declaration of war
Is now necessary to complete the
reach between Italy and her former
Hies of the Triple Alliance, and this
is expected at any moment. The Am
bassadors are still at their posts, but
ews conies that IhA Ilulldn t'nnstil n t
Munich has been ordered to return to
Rome, and throughout the three coun-
rles the respective nationals are pack
ng their belongings in anticipation of
inal and official rupture.
Should a rupture come, it is expected
that it would not have any immediate
n"cct on the battles now in progress,
tut it would he liWolv t n Intliipnop IhA
action of the Balkan states, which have
been awaiting Italy's decision.
assurances from Bulgaria that if liou-
mania decides to join the allies and go
:o the assistance of Russia by an in
vasion of Transylvania. Bulgaria will
nnt nttalr hr an tliat in w t Rnl-
garla herself Is considering the poshi-
DUity ol taking similar action, annougn
her attack would be directed against
Greece is also interested in develop
ments, and her efforts, if she should
decide to join the allies, would be di
rected to the Dardanelles and Asia
Minor. In these latter theaters of op
erations the allies continue their ac
tivities and the official report Issued
yesterday records further progress and
confirms the despatch sent by General
Sir Ian Hamilton to Australia that In
an attack on tho Australian and New
Zealand positions the Turks suffered
a loss of 7000 men, -of whom 2000 were
This report does not mention the
operations against Smyrna, but from
Turkish and other source it is learned
that the allies are almost as active
there as they are on the Gallipoll Fcn
insula. There Is little or no change in the
situation on either the eastern or west
ern fronts In L'urope. The Austrians
and Germans assert no further prog
ress in their offensive in middle Ga
iicla and so the British critics draw
the conclusion that the big battering
ram which drove tho Russians east
ward, and, at some point, across the
San River ha been brought to a
standstill against the bulwarks ot tho
Russian reinforcements. S t u b b orn
fighting, however. Is still in progress
and It may be many days before cither
side can show a definite result.
Mention In the t.ernian omvial report
of a cavalry engagement east of Win
dau indicates that the Germans have
landed another raiding force on the
coast of Courland to take the place of
the one the Russians drove back Just
when it was reaching the environs of
Mitati. All through this northern re
gion and as far south as the ICast Prus
sian frontier confused fighting contin
ues between widely-separated forces,
which ebbs and tlowa as one side or
the other brings reinforcements into
Roth British and French say they
have made headway at 1 A Jtassce, but
the Germans declare that all attacks
have been repulsed or that the righting
is still in progress. Apparently the
allies are engaged In straightening out
their fronts to conform with the posi
tions which they won In recent engage
ments a task to which the Germans
are offering stubborn resistance with
numerous and cleverly placed machine
HOMESTEAD RIGHT CLAIM
Sou of cx-Uffieial of Stale Squats on
Part of Huntington K&lute.
LOS AXGELES. May 22. Midway be
tween the mansion of Henry E. Hunt
ington, street railway magnate, and the
palatini hotel he built for wealthy
tourists, near Pasadena. Kenneth Wal
lace, eldest son of ex-Lieutenant Gov
ernor Wallace, has pitched his tent and
claimed a, homestead right to six acres
of the Huntington estate, valued at
$42,000, and the case was today before
the United States Land Office.
Wallace contends a mistake in the
survey of the estate laid the six acres
open as Government land, and he filed
on It. The tract on which Wallace is
homestcadlng lies In the heart of San
Marino, a Fixth-class city recently in
corporated and populated exclusively
ROCKS; ALL SAVED
Claremont Sinks Off
Coos Bay Entrance.
WOMAN AMONG BRAVEST ASKIP
Coast Guard and Dredge
Crews to Rescue.
CAPTAIN TAKES BLAME
S. Ilenson, on l'irst Trip, Admits Ho
Turned Craft on Outer lind
of Sunken Jetty, but s
Anions Last to Quit ship.
MAKSIII'IKLl', Or., May 22. (Spe
cial.) Kxcept for he assistance of lh
dredge Colonel I S. Mlrhie and the
Cast Guard crew here, all on board of
the fleam frti.innfr Claremont, bound
from San Francisco to Willapa Harbor,
would have been lost today when the
ship struck on the extreme end of the
sunken Jetty and 'oundered.
Th experience of th crew of 21
and two passengers is thrilling and
all but ono were taken off by
breeches buoy after the lino hud been
picked up from the dredge Mlchte.
which caught a line thrown off the
stranded vessel by the captain, steward
ami first mate. The lines were quickly
arranged and fastened to the mast of
Only one woman was aboard thn
Claremont. Miss Ollvrtta Faulk
ner, of Aberdeen. Wash.. who
w:is among the bravest of tlio.-c.
ahojtrd tiio vessel. The crew
insisted that before Mis.i Faulkner
should take a chance at the llfesavini;
line somebody should test it. otto
Olsen, of the crew, went over first,
and Miss Faulkner followed. She was
follcwed by members ot thj crew until
(he last included tho captain. tirt
mute and steward.
Lumberman Among l,at aved.
Alfred Harl. partner In the Hart
Wood Lumber Co., of Rnn Francisco,
was aboard the vessel and was among
the last to leave the ship.
Miss Faulkner and Mr. Hart, part
own-r of the Claremont, as he fait.
were the only passengers.
Captain S. Benson had little to say
of the wreck, except that he was to
blaine. yet, being a new bar to him, it
was not surprising his ship foundered
on ttie outer end of the sunken Jetty
which is several hundred feet outside
the standing portion of the rock work.
Miss Faulkner appeared on the streets
of i: in pi re tonight when the dredge
Michie landed the saved. In a sailor's
suit of warm clothing and her hair waa
hanging down her back. All the sta
men on the Michie and Claremont said
she was absolutely without fear and
look her chance with the rest.
steward Hero f reek.
Steward Finest Goller was the hero
of the w re. k and saved the ship's man
cot. Jrttk. a Belgian dog and th4 ship's
flag, bringing them with him over the
breeches buoy, after the larger portion
of the crew had been landed safely.
The Claremont Is a total wreck, with
a hole in her bottom that means her
destruction. She Is lying where the
tides ebb and flow and the breakers
strike her at every wash.
The Claremont had on board several
hundred drums of oil which are adrift
In the bay and much freight for Kay
mond and South Bend, on Willapa
Lum f l.lfe at Flrt I'eareiJ.
For a lime loss of life was feared,
as one sailor, Xi. C. JIaeg, tired of
waiting for the rchruers, Jumped Into
i 'oim-1 uil '! I'll P.ci ft. t'olutnn )