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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Oct. 4, 1914)
THE STINT) AY OREGONIAX, PORTLAND, OCTOBER ' 4," 19t4.:
POKIXAXD, OBEGON. '
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PORTLAND. KUXDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1914.
THE ItATTLE OF THE Al.SXK.
Day and night for three weeks one
of the greatest battles tn ail history
has been raging furiously in France.
It is quite probable that historians will
record this as the .greatest clash of
arms ever known in warfare; great
est in numbers engaged, in Uvea lost,
in ferocity of tactics. It is a struggle
in which the military force of one
great nation seeks to hold its grip
of invasion on another great nation,
which, in its turn, seeks to expell the
Conservative estimates place the
total number engaged in the battle of
the Aisne at 2,500,000. These men are
distributed over a battle front of ap
proximately 200 miles. It may be con
ceded that a small superiority of num
bers rests with the allied forces of
France and Great Britain. While the
issue continues to be uncertain, the
more substantial gains have been
made by the allies on their left wing.
Here they have forced back the Ger
man right until their line, once facing
west, now fronts almost directly to the
north, and the French continue pound
ing away in their efforts to outflank
the Germans and envelop Generals
Von Kluck and Von Buelow. They
now have pressed the German right
wing from a point in front of Noyon,
where the Germans first intrenched
after the hurried retreat from before
Paris, to a point between Peronne and
San Quentin. The Germans' imperiled
right is thus forced to defend its line
of communication and supply from
San Quentin to Belgium and protect
the Laon-Chimay and Laon-Maubeuge
lines, upon which the German right
and right center must depend for sup
plies. Should the allies continue to press
the Germans back at this point until
their lines of communication with Bel
gium are broken, their "withdrawal Into
Belgium would be prevented and at
the same time result in their com
plete envelopment should they hold
While the allies are thus assuming
a vigorous offensive on .their own left,
the problem is of an essentially de
fensive character, up to the present
time, on their center and their right.
The allied center in the vicinity of
Rhelms and the Crayonne plateau
must prevent a wedge being cut by
the German center. Should the Ger
mans get through at this point, they
would be able to cause a lessening of
the pressure on their imperiled right.
Indeed, they might, by cutting the
allied army in twain, shortly force a
retirement upon the third line of
French defense in front of Paris. By
forcing the center at Rheims, the Ger
mans would gain control of a valuable
network of French railroads and stra
tegic highways and might gradually
demoralize the French campaign.
Should the French, however, succeed
in forcing the German center back
upon Laon, the most important point
In the present German system of com
munications, a general German retire
ment to the French first line of de
fense, or the French frontier, would
be necessitated and the Germans
would lose the advantage of occupy
ing the rim of the Champagne hills,
which they now hold.
Both forces are securely intrenched
along the entire center and while the
fighting has been of a most desperate
character, neither has given very
much. Both have taken the offensive
by turns without getting far. Thou
sands of lives have been snuffed out
to no avail. The fact that the French
have prevented German progress thus
far in itself may be noted as a French
On the allied right the offensive
again falls to the Germans, strategic
ally speaking, and they have made
considerable progress, although it is
claimed that in the face of vigorous
counter strokes the French have off
set much of the German advantage.
It is here that the German forces,
under the Crown Prince, have sought
to open a short route into Northern
France. Their more immediate pur
pose is to turn the allied right flank.
To do this they must envelop Ver
dun. After desperate fighting they
succeeded in making their way across
the Meuse at St. Mihiel, south of Ver
dun, and for a time the French flank
was threatened. But during the past
few days the French have held their
own in this section of the battle line,
which has become of less consequence
as affecting the final issue. It may be
that for the present the Germans will
content themselves with keeping the
allied left too busily engaged to with
draw troops for use on the allied
right against the imperiled German
The issue in the present battle must
be regarded as of far-reaching conse
quence as determining whether the
French will be thrown back onto their
third line of defenses on the Marne,
In front of Paris, or whether the Ger
mans will be hurled back to the fron
tier. Once driven from their present
positions, the Germans will find no
point of resistance suitable to their
purpose short of the frontier, or first
French line, which they occupied early
In the war. Here their position would
be even stronger than at present, and
provided they got their army therS
Intact, there would follow the third
and conclusive phase of the campaign
for mastery of the French lines of
defense. The issue in such a battle
would be directly the matter of
"whether the Germans were to be
finally and conclusively beaten out of
After having raged with such de
structive severity for more than three
weeks, it would appear that the strug
gle over the second French line would
soon reach a decision. In itself the
battle of the Aisne will not be con
clusive. There will be necessary an
other great struggle, either on the
French, defense line In front of Paris
or back at the French frontier defense
line. The location of that struggle,
third phase of the present great clash,
will depend on the Issue in the battle
of the Aisne.
The battle line as it appears at pres
ent is, a most irregular affair, winding
back and forth, whither the troops
have forged ahead or have been forced
back. The line may be traced roughly
as extending from a point between
San Quentin and Peronne, on the
River Somme, south to the River Oise
and Oilette to Soissons, on the Aisne;
east oil the Aisne to the Vesle; south
and east to Rheims, thence east across
the Suippe and through the forest of
Argonne and across the River Aire to
the environs of Verdun, and south of
Verdun to St. Mihiel. This line may
be readily traced on the map in colors
printed today in The Oregonian.
GOOD THING FOE THE AGITATORS.
The proportional representation
scheme, submitted to the voters under
the initiative. Is a mathematical
jungle, a hit-and-miss fraud. Its al
leged purpose is to give all parties
equivalent representation in the lower
house of the Legislature. Its prob
able result will be to overthrow the
majority and to substitute the rule of
the minority, or a group of minorities.
But, worse yet, no county in Ore
gon, except possibly Multnomah, can
be sure of representation in the House.
The Legislators are to be voted for by
districts, but the ballots are to be
counted as a whole in the state at
large. The highest sixty, no matter
where they are from in Oregon, are
to be elected to the House.
The candidate from Klamath is in
effect a competitor of the candidate
from Multnomah and every other
The present plan of district repre
sentation is virtually abandoned. The
small counties or districts are certain
to suffer. Only the ITRens and their
allies and sympathizers will benefit.
"WHEN" THE GOVERNOR STOOD !'.
PORTLAND. Or.. Oct. 3. (To the Editor.)
Why don't you tell the whole story about
mat mexcusaoie joo ratnerod by the Salem
Hog" and engineered by the Salem State
house ring to "put over" that new Supreme
Court and library building? If you will
look at the Oregon session laws of 1913,
page ISO, you will find under the subdivision
Section 2 Indubitable evidence of the brazen
methods by which the job was rushed
through the Legislature and sanctioned by
Governor West. EX-LEGISLATOR.
Gently, gently. We do not much
like the opprobrious manner in which
a very useful and "wholly respectable
member of Oregon's political society
is mentioned. There is no such ani
mal. He is as extinct as the dinosaur,
the diplodocus, pterodactyl and the
But this letter, nevertheless, is in
teresting for the hint it contains. Sec
tion 2, page 180, is an emergency
clause and is phrased in the following
Inasmuch as the congested condition of
the capitol building demands relief, in order
that the public business may be properly
and expeditiously transacted, an emergency
affecting the public peace, health and safety
Is hereby declared to exist and this act
shall be in full force and effect from and
after its approval by the Governor.
Governor West and the statehouse
ring in 1911 put through a $150,000
bill for -a Supreme Court library build
ing, but were prohibited by law from
expending a cent more than $150,000.
Yet at the 1913 session they jammed
through $170,000 more to complete
and furnish the building. To pre
vent a referendum they subscribed to
the falsehood that it was required by
the public peace, health and safety.
No single-item veto was needed to
kill this bill. No outright veto was
forthcoming from West. No com
plaint about gross and unwarranted
abuse of the emergency act. No criti
cism or outcry that the explicit pro
visions of the law of 1911 had been
violated. Nothing but acquiescence.
The reason Is that Governor West
stood in on the deal.
WHY NOT HAVE COMMISSIONS?
Throughout the debates In Con
gress on the Federal Trade Commission
bill, the amendment to the reclama
tion law and on other occasions there
crop out objections from members of
both parties to what they call govern
ment by commission. Like objections
were made to a Tariff Commission,
and we may expect like opposition
to Senator Newlands' proposed com
mission for the development of water
This opposition appears to arise
partly from unwillingness of Congress
to surrender any of its powers to ad
ministrative bodies. It may spring
also from fear of enhancing the power
of the executive at the expense of the
legislative branch of government. A
more ignoble motive may be the de
sire to retain in the hands of Con
gress a large amount of "pork" for
distribution in the districts of its
It must be obvious to an unpreju
diced mind that Congress cannot pos
sibly keep all the details of public
expenditure in its own hands with any
regard for prompt action and for ef
ficiency. Each one of the subjects to
which we have referred involves close
attention to endless detail from day to
day by men who give their entire time
to it. It requires the service of spe-
cialists In each line. Few Congress
men are specialists In any line. If all
were, the subjects which they have
to consider are so many and diverse
that it is impossible to concentrate on
one to the needed extent.
Questions constantly arise which
require the exercise of broad discre
tion and prompt action, that public
interests may not suffer. For exam
ple, in the execution of a reclamation
project some obstacle may be encoun
tered which necessitates practical sus-
pension of work for a period. If the
law had remained unchanged, the
funds allotted to that project might
have been transferred to some other
and might have been kept at work
Under the law recently passed, those
funds would remain idle until Con
gress reapportioned the money and
two projects Instead of one would be
The experience of Congress with
the tariff, with river and harbor bills
and with the trusts should have
taught it the utter inefficiency of a
legislative body to deal even with the
larger details of such intricate sub
jects. It confessed the fact by estab
lishing the Interstate Commerce Com
mission and by repeatedly enlarging
the powers of that body. The con
stantly recurrent agitation and scan
dal about the tariff should convince
Congress that a commission alone is
able to collect the facts as to cost of
production and as to the effect of
certain rates of duty on home in
dustry and foreign trade. If Congress
would do as Senator Newlands pro
poses, create a Water Resources
Commission, lay down the ' general
principles by which It should be
guided and vote an annual lump sum
to. be expended by It, scandal would
be silenced and the time wasted on
filibustering . would be saved.
Congress should understand that it
is in low repute with the people be
cause it persists in devoting so much
time to the petty business of grabbing
things for each particular state and
district, to acting as City Council for
Washington and to other details
which every well organized govern
ment entrusts to administrative offi
cers. It would grow in public esteem
if it would confine itself" to the pass
age of laws .on the many great sub
jects which call for action and to es
tablishing broad policies for the ex
ecutive branch of the Government to
follow. Too much of Congress work
resembles killing flies with a trip
hammer. DCIi. BIOGRAPHIES.
Most biographies are tiresome read
ing. ' A writer in an Eastern paper
thinks they are dull because they are
free from malice. The authors set
out to paint a perfectly white picture
of their unfortunate subjects. No
frailties are drawn from their dread
abodes. No spots are permitted to
blemish the radiance of the sun.
American literary biography in par
ticular is a lawn bestrewn with daisies
To read the current lives of Long
fellow, Whittier, Hawthorne, one
would, imagine that those worthies
were whitewashed angels instead of
sinful human beings who Indulged in
follies and committed sins. Such men
as Charles Eliot Norton, who benign
ly shone upon Harvard University for
many a long year, are depicted with
an unvarying tint of roseate splendor.
Not a word of malice was ever spoken
of him. His angelic qualities were
perhaps more copiously admitted than
those of any of his contemporaries.
But Americans are not the only ones
who write stupidly flattering biogra
Englishmen are even better at the
horrid business than we are. The
life of Tennyson by his son was the
pattern to all eternity of ponderously
dull writing. The book told nothing
that anybody wanted to know about
the poet and related at great length
everything that was uninteresting.
The newspaper writer to whom we
referred above says the only way to
get a gallery of literary portraits
worth having is to make some genius
angry with all his contemporaries and
then set him at work writing their
lives. No doubt his work would be
readable and it would be quite as just
as that of the sugary flatterer with
whom we are sickly familiar.
The best biography ever written,
Boswell's Life of Johnson, gains much
of its interest from the subtle malice
of the author. He poses everywhere
as his hero's blind admirer, but it
takes only half an eye to see that he
is acutely aware of the great man's
faults and foibles and relates them
with secret joy. But with all his ma
lignity Boswell gave us a perfect pic
ture of Johnson, and that is more
than any subsequent biographer has
done for any other literary man.
SFRIGLE A3iD THE SPECTACTJLAR.
That famous enterprise of Governor
West in sending his secretary and five
or six militiamen to close up two
saloons in Copperfield has never until
now received its possible deserts. The
writer who has applied' the genuine
smash-bang, swashbuckling style that
raises the sordid little incident to a
hair-raising episode is Ray Sprigle,
and he earnestly assures the Wide
World Magazine, which prints his
stuff, that it is "truth in every partic
ular, and that his account is "based
on the official reports of the State of
Oregon and the story of Miss Hobbs
herself, and the Governor."
Mr. Sprigle locates Copperfield
quite definitely as the last fastness
of the Old West in a rockwalled can
yon of the Rocky Mountains, and also
as a little town lost In the great
Sierra Nevada Range. When a town
is able to hop from California to a
point in the Rockies it is not likely to
surprise the editors of an Eastern
magazine to learn that the Governor
of Oregon, upon deciding that the
time had arrived to swat the skipping
village, "called out a regiment of the
state militia and ordered a battery of
the Coast artillery of the state to pre
pare for service."
The descent on the town was sen
sational, though whether the infantry
and artillery found it in the Rocky
Mountains or the Sierra Nevadas the
author leaves in perplexing un
certainty. But this is from Mr.
Sprigle's story which he says he got
from Miss Hobbs, the Governor and
the state records:
They made up a special train In the capi
tal, and sent it over the 450 miles that lay
between the Governor's residence and rebel
lious little Copperneld. In the front coach
was the girl alone. She had been placed In
supreme command of- the troops, and Colonol
Lawson was Instructed to carry out her
orders. The rear coaches were filled with
troopers, horses and artillerymen and their
In due -course they reached Cop
perfield. Miss Hobbs read the procla
mation of martial law but the "in
habitants laughed and went about
their gambling and drinking as of
old." Fern Hobbs heard the laughter
and made up her mind. She went
back to the train and issued her com
mands. "At the girl's sharp orders the
train suddenly spit out soldiers In
brown khaki and deadly-looking
machine guns. The men fell in
smartly, marched to the City Hall and
took possession of it. Detachments
went to the saloons, seized them and
shut them up," and so on with other
It is too bad that Mr. Sprigle did
not wait until the outbreak of the
European war that he might gain new
ideas on closing saloons in a Western
village. If the Mayor had been held
as hostage and there had been execu
tions for sniping, his Copperfield story
would stand ahead of the destruction
Having conquered Copperfield with
the aid of a regiment of militia and a
battery of artillery. Miss Hobbs, ac
cording to Mr. Sprigle, is probably
destined for far greater though more
peaceful achievements. "The women
of Oregon are now talking about
electing Fern Hobbs Governor of the
state," says that veracious author.
The story with its gross exaggera
tions -and pure fabrications is humor
ous in a way, and possibly the maga
zine in which it appears does not
amount to enough to make a protest
worth while. But the article is cumu
lative in the libel that has been placed
on Oregon by the Governor's spectac
ular Interference in a village quarrel.
Moreover, to fasten more odium on
Oregon, the story is accompanied by a
cover illustration depicting a girl in a
sombrero Issuing orders to red-shirted
and cartridge-belted ruffians whose
type went out of existence in Oregon
' The Governor might do well to re
pudiate his advertised complicity in
this yarn. Possibly He will do. so when
he reads therein that Sheriff Ed.
Rand, with a, well-armed posse, had
previously been run out of Copperneld
and had appealed to him for help.
CAN A STATE MLRD ER ?
"Is It any less a crime for the state
to murder a human being than for an
individual to murder a human being?"
It Is the old familiar argument, based
on an utterly false premise. The state
does not murder when it Imposes cap
ital punishment. . Murder is a crime
performed with felonious intent.
There is no element of malice or pas
sion about the punishment of a mur
derer. It is a high act of sovereignty,
performed by society for its own pro
tection. But let us carry the murder-by-the-state
argument farther. If It is
murder for society to hang a murderer,
then it is a crime for society to Im
prison a murderer. He is deprived of
his liberty. What right' has the state
to deprive a citizen of his liberty?
No citizen is privileged to put any
other citizen in a cell and lock him
up. It is a crime. Therefore, when
.the state sentences any man to Jail, it
commits a crime.
The logical course for the anti
capital punishment sentimentalists to
take is to preach the inviolability of
all human beings, and to deny the
right of a state to punish criminals for
THE WOKLD PROCESS.
In the October number of the Yale
Review, John Burroughs publishes one
of his thoughtful articles on the fun
damental question of the universe. He
asks himself whence the "world proc
ess" arises. Does it come from the op
erations of an outside power upon mat
ter? Or is it Inherent In matter it
self? In other words, does a God
who dwells outside the material uni
verse Impose his will upon it and
thus cause it to go through the evo
lutionary process, or. Is that process
necessarily implied in the properties
of the atoms, or the ether, or what
ever may be the basic form of mat
ter? In the article to which we refer
John Burroughs takes what is com
monly called "the materialistic view."
He excuses the deity from considera
tion and derives everything that ex
ists from matter and its laws. Of
course, mind and soul are not ex
cluded from this sweeping generali
zation. Mr. Burroughs reminds us that
Walt Whitman could see no distinc
tion between soul and body. Other
poets and philosophers have reasoned
in the same way. Is their position
To begin with, Mr. Burroughs does
not believe that matter itself is "ma
terialistic," at least not In the old and
vulgar acceptation of that abusive epi
thet. We have been taught to imag
ine that it is "inert," "dead." slavishly
subject to "blind laws," and so on.
but all that is far from the truth.
People who habitually think of mat
ter as inert may correct their views,
if they like, by pouring a little nitric
acid on a piece of zinc. The reaction
that sets up Instantly Is anything but
indolent. If another experiment is
desired, immerse a strip of zinc joined
to one of copper by a wire in a little
vinegar. The result is a current of
electricity, the liveliest agent in the
world. Matter is really full of energy
-waiting for an opportunity to burst
Into visible activity. Usually Its activ
ity Is invisible, but it never ceases.
All the time the electrons, which seem
to be the smallest bits of material
bodies, are in rapid motion, whirling
round and round one another like
stars in a microscopic sky. The far
ther we pursue matter into its deep
lairs the more like "spirit" , It grows.
Shall we finally discover that it actu
ally is spirit?
Why should not the "one fundamen
tal substance" of which ' Spinoza
dreamed manifest itself now as "ma
terial" atoms, now as mind? Indis
putably the energy upon which the
mind draws for Its work comes from
matter. Is there not in that process
an actual transformation of the ma
terial into the spiritual? John Bur
roughs sees no reason why we should
look outside our own world and Its
possibilities for the cause and support
of evolution. To his mind there is no
absurdity in the opinion that intelli
gence, thought, love, hate and all the
rest of the feelings and passions are
latent in the atoms. These minute
mysteries act astonishingly as if they
had human passions. They rush into
one another s arms as If they loved.
They flee from one another as If they
hated. The particles of quartz scattered
throughout a piece of limestone win
travel infallibly toward the same
point and finally form themselves into
a beautiful crystalline structure. If
It is rot nascent passion that moves
them, what is it? Of course, you may
answer that it is "Immutable law,"
but please explain what you mean by
that alluring verbal formula. Does
It mean anything more than the mod
est statement, "I do not know"? These
imposing formulas come In with the
greatest convenience now and then to
cover our ignorance.
But what of God? Does John Bur
roughs dismiss him from the world
entirely? Not at all. He only says he
does not see the need of an "outside
deity." Perhaps he sees very clearly
the need of an inside or immanent
deity. If we understand his cautipus
phrases, all the activities of the atoms
which look so marvelously like hu
man passions may be the deity at
work. It is thus that he, dwelling
not outside matter, but within it as
its potent soul, begins and carries on
the work of creation. "Canst thou
by searching find out God?" Cer
tainly not by searching afar in the
distant confines of space. If we could
travel to the outer limits of the uni
verse, we should probably find things
very much as they are on the earth.
God would not be there any more or
any less than he is" here. The old
Sunday school lesson that he is omni
present seems to lose Its meaning
strangely as we' grow order, and we
can hardly help thinking of him
seated somewhere on a throne, with
a court of angels surrounding him
But if he is truly omnipresent, John
Burroughs is right to say that he
reigns at the heart of the atoms.
What is his purpose in all this ac
tivity which never ceases? It may be
he seeks self-expression. Self-expression
is the deepest passion of human
beings. Perhaps we have derived it
direct from the Creator. Goethe said
the world was a living garment which
the deity continually wove on the
loom of time. But a living garment
is nothing but the externalizatioo of
its wearer. If we should accept this
speculation for something like the
truth, we should have to divide evolu
tion sharply Into two periods. In the
first the creative energy works hit or
miss, aiming blindly at something
which it cannot, or, at least, does not
formulate. In that first period evolu
tion proceeds like what we now call
"natural phenomena." There are nat
ural phenomena in the universe and
there is nothing else. But at a cer
tain point of time the Creator attains
to something more than mere natural
phenomena. He at last brings out of
his own being, or out of the properties
of matter, that wonderful miracle
which we call Intelligence. With the
advent of Intelligence evolution
changes Its nature. It no longer stum
bles along through blind natural phe
nomena. It acquires purpose. It be
glns to aim at ends. More wonderful
still, it begins t establish moral val
ues, so that some acts become right
and some wrong.
If this is so, then moral values are
just as firmly infixed in the nature of
the world as physical strength and
the law of gravitation. Now, through
all human experience moral values
have been at war with physical might
and their progressive triumph gives
to history all the meaning it has.
What, then, becomes of the philoso
phers and war lords who tell us that
might. Is right?
WAR AT ART.
The present war differs from those
of former times in one particular
which is extremely Interesting. From
other wars certain classes have usually
been exempt. Ministers of the gospel,
physicians, professional men and au
thors have seldom served in the ranks.
Sometimes they have shared the lot
of the common soldier, but not as a
rule. However great the need of fight
ing men may have been, these classes
have managed, by hook or crook, to
keep out of danger. The consequence
was that when the war was over there
may have been a lack of laboring men
in the country, but there was com
monly a profusion of literary people,
teachers and professors, so that the
business of writing poetry, preaching
sermons and educating the young
could go on as well as ever. There.
might be a dearth of readers, but not
or writers. Pupils might be few, but
teachers were plenteous. This war
treats everybody alike. There are no
exemptions. All must go and take
their share of actual fighting. The
poet tramps side by side with the
arm laborer. The professor handles
his gun in the same trench with the
mechanic. Even the singers have gone
to the war and the great European
opera-houses, we are told, will all be
closed this Winter.
War is expected to kill off the best
of the population as far as physical
qualities are concerned. For years
after each peace Is concluded there is
a lapse of national energy, a percep
tible falling-off In the stamina of the
population. This is the natural re
sult of miscellaneous slaughter. Since
the bravest and best of the young
men always go to the shambles, there
is nothing wonderful in the fact that
the second best who are left to do
the ordinary business of life should
do it badly. But it will be something
new to observe the effect of Indiscrim
inate slaughter upon the intellectual
classes. Who will write the books,
make the poems and sing the operas
of France, Germany and Russia for
ten years following the war? Of
course, some of the geniuses now fight
ing at the front will escape destruc
tion and go back home to resume their
vocations. But their lives are held at
no greater price than those of the
unlettered boor and a sad proportion
of them will be lost. We may, there
fore, foresee among the consequences
of this war not .only the customary
lowering of the physical qualities of
the various populations, but a corre
sponding debasement of mental qual
ities. This means that European civiliza
tion itself will suffer a collapse." We
are familiar with the protestations of
the belligerents that they are fighting
to preserve this form of civilization
or that one. The Kaiser wants to save
German civilization from the terrible
Russian barbarians, so he says. The
English and French are quite as eager
to save their civilization from the
German barbarians. The upshot of the
business will be, to all appearances,
that no civilization will be saved and
barbarism will return all over Europe.
It will return In a degree if not com
pletely. The world cannot waste its
best energies at the rate it Is now do
ing without suffering the conse
quences. Somebody must pay the fid
dler and his fee is likely to be an in
tellectual and moral depression last
ing for years.
While Europe is recovering from
the consequences of its folly the moral
and intellectual headship of the world
may pass over to the United States.
We have followed Europe's leadership
very meekly in the things of the spirit.
For art, poetry, music we have trusted
little to our own capacity and gone
to the Old World for what we might
perhaps have done ourselves if we had
possessed courage enough and ade
quate initiative. In all these matters we
have remained provincial, Incurably
provincial, as it seemed. We have not
only been inferiors, but we have re
joiced in our Inferiority. Our "best
people" have always felt a good deal
of pride in going to Europe for their
artistic and intellectual belongings.
Patriotism stopped just short of the
patronage of home industry in these
But now that war seems likely to
kill off the predominating European
personages In music, and perhaps in
literature and art as well, a new fu
ture may be dawning for the United
States. No longer overawed by the
prestige of foreign geniuses, our own
may take courage to assert themselves
and we may find it worth while to. pat
ronize them. The best intelligences
that the United States has brought
into the world for the last half cen
tury have found employment In com
mercial affairs or in engineering. Art
and literature have offered compara
tively small rewards in the way of
money and but little renown. No
American musical composer could ex
pect appreciation from his country
men, at least until he had lived in
Europe and won approval there.
American literature Is admittedly far
below English in the quality of its
works, upon the average. Our paint
ers and sculptors follow obediently
In the footsteps of their Old-World
leaders, always happy when their
works are rated second and third best.
With the cessation of artistic produc
tion in Europe for a generation or two
we may lose our somewhat discredita
ble contentment with the second and
third places and aspire to the first.
History offers many encouraging ex
amples of similar results following de
structive wars. For instance, during
the Thirty Years' War that laid Ger
many waste between 1630 and 1648
France was comparatively at peace
and highly prosperous under Riche
lieu's gifted leadership. Its position
was relatively much like our own to
day with all Europe at war. At the
close of the Thirty Years' War Ger
many had lost Its spiritual and intel
lectual headship, while France en
tered -upon perhaps the most brilliant
Intellectual period in its history. That
long and terrible war resembled the
one now raging in the fact that it
exempted no class of the population.
The slaughter was indiscriminate and
unsparing, Just as we now see it in
Belgium and the eastern confines of
the German and Austrian empires.
What happened in France at the close
of the Thirty Years' War may very
well happen in America at the close
of this war and people now living may
see-this country leading the world in
art, literature and music.
The Oregonian today publishes the
first Installment of responses to Its
invitation to readers to express their
opinions on the Initiated measures
presented for consideration of the
voters. Several contributions offered
for this symposium were received too
late to be given place, but will be
preserved and printed later. One
thirig lacking in the group of letters
is variety in the matter of subjects.
There are twenty-nine measures on
the ballot but apparently only a few
of them have as yet aroused interest
among the voters. The Oregonian
would like to get individual views on
the proposed abolishment of the State
Senate, on any of the numerous tax
measures, on the proposal to make the
judiciary non-partisan, on the water
front bills, on abolishment of the
death penalty. The invitation to write
is still open.
The contention being made throughout the
state by different papers that Senator Cham
berlain haa allied himself with the "wets"
for support In the present Senatorial cam
paign is significant la one respect only, and
that Is as a matter of comparison where
R. A Booth is considered. There has been
absolutely no effort to connect Mr. Booth
In any way with the "wet" interests. This
is a remarkable tribute to the respect with
which Mr. Booth is held by the entire state.
Yet the latest story is that Cham
berlain is to be allied with the drys.
The facta, however, will be found to
be that he has made the usual ante
election promises to both, and that
he will then do nothing for either.
While the principal feature of the
Oregon State Fair lies in the horse
racing it must take the date as ar
ranged by the managers of the North
Pacific circuit and take chances on
the weather, although good weather
for fair week any time .after the first
of September is a chance proposition.
The proper course is to look pleasant
and hope for a better deal next year.
A little child was seen one of these
bright mornings hugging a doll on the
front porch in the blessed sunshine.
The doll was made of an old paint can
wrapped ic a gunnysack, but the child
hugged it lovingly and kissed it with
rapture. Imagination had made It
beautiful. Not much is required for
happiness. The soul can make Jewels
out of rubbish if we only let it.
The British soldiers are short of
field supplies. It is characteristic of
the Anglo-Saxon fighting man to be
short of badly needed material when
he takes the field. Americans are
worse than Britons In this respect.
Frenchmen who have been sen
tenced to prison for failing to re
spond for military duty have had their
sentences -commuted so they can Join
the troops on the firing line. But who
can suspect that such men wanted
their sentences commuted ?
Great Britain is puzzling over the
problem of w-hat disposition to make
of German colonies. Too much sleep
should not be lost over this problem
until It is determined whether they
must be given back to Germany.
Germany will make an exhibit at
the 1915 Fair in spite of the war Just
how she will get the exhibit over here
is not revealed. Still, the German
Zeppelin fleet retains its freedom of
An eminent Japanese says Japan
feels no enmity toward the Germans.
Then the only other motive strong
enough to promote war must be
Paris is described as manless. The
few male specimens remaining there
being of a wholly undesirable quality,
while the real men are at the front.
The men In the trenches are suf
fering greatly from the cold. No won
der they fight almost continually.
It's the only way to keep warm.
We'll all feel relieved to have a
chief executive in the state who pos
sesses the requisite dignity and men
tal poise for the place.
So far no military genius has won
the sobriquet of "the butcher,'.' al
though, no doubt,- the title has been
Says a Petrograd dispatch: "Nicho
las has left for the theater of war."
Where he will occupy a rear seat in
It is said the Czar was hoodwinked
into war by shrewd grand dukes. Such
are often the fruits of imperial in
trigues. No doubt Rustem Bey will tell his
government that he had to leave to
escape lynching or the water cure.
Villa has ordered the execution of
Felix. Diaz' adherents. That is one
way of disposing of political rivals.
It Is a wise old nheasant that tatn
refuge among his enemies in the heart
oi tno city tnese aays.
Weather bulletin: The recall has
been nipped by the severest frost ever
known in these parts.
Since ' Dutch bakers are making
bread of tulips, one need not sneer
at alfalfa pancakes.
Sir Lionel Carden is now in- London.
Where, let us hope, he will be con
tent to remain.
We know of no further reason why
the rain man shouldn't go as far as
The allies' stories of gains are not
always consistent with their own "lat
What a nice, warm, tender recep
tion that so-called recall did receive!
The feel of tremendous Republican
victory next month is in the air.
It's the vote they want back at
Washington, not our George.
Hurrays Botn Bides u till win
ning. , J
Gleams Through the Mist
Br Dtsa Collins.
Aloyalna at Colleae- '
Aloyslus hath packed his grip
orr to college goes today, f
Where learned teachers hope to slip
A bit of knowledge Allies way;
And he win study hefty stuff;
And tackle weighty problems rough.
Logic and entymology,
A dash of sociology.
He'll try them ail and call their bluff.
But cry: "Hooray, the country, safe.!"
Aloyslus will study hard
Will cram with ,u hi. might and main.
And put new wrinkle, by the yard
la convolutions of his brain;
No study Is too hard or grim
To worry him or baffle him;
Physics or ornithology
A bit of lchthlology.
He ll trim them with a proper trim.
And so in confident T
The National still will stsnd a while.
Aloyslus hath written me
He needs to buy a football suit;
He tells, with casty hunks of glee.
Of how he helped the rooters root;
He tells about the Junior ball.
The freshman bonfire, pennant brawl;
But lpglo and philosophy.
Or even sociology
He doesn't mention them "at all;
And In his postscript, Allle wrote;
"Please ship m quick, a ten-case note.
Alnysius doth write once more.
About the glory he hath known;
Of bleachers bursting In a roar:
And how he broke his collar bone:
But vainly do I wait to learn
How he the midnight oil doth burn
In boring at zoology.
Physics or mineralogy.
yearn to know, but vainly yearn.
j.nu so i rue this bitter rue;
"What are our young folks coming toT"
"Sir," said the Courteous Office Bov.
"I fear the growth of intemDeranre, In
"How so, rty son?" I encouraged.
"Just now I heard a guy ask a rising
young lawyer to drop down and have a
glass of beer with him." said th.
C. O. B.
"But a little thing like that should
not be alarming." I protested.
"No. but the lawyer, brazen cuss,
replied. 'Xot Just now. for I hav .
case up at the Courthouse, and I must
dispose of that before dinner.' "
t.-sote. The C. O. B. Is getting more
and more to the bush league In the
comedy he whittles out.)
Passing: It On.
My eeoso of sight Is very keen.
My sense of hearing weak.
One time I saw a mountain pass
But could not hear Its peak.
Why, Ollie. that you failed la this
Is not so very queer;
To hear Its peak you should, you know.
Have had a mountaineer.
But if I saw a mountain pass.
My eye I'd never drop;
I'd keep It turned upon the height.
And see the mountain's top.
Philadelphia Public Ledger.
I didn't see the mountain pass.
Nor hear its seak, by George.
But when It comes to storing stuff.
I saw the mountain gorge.
The mountain, peaked at all of this.
Frowned dark while Ollie guyed;
A cloud o'erspread Its lofty brow.
And then the mountain side.
If Ollie could not hear its peak.
Or song of any bird.
Of iambs, or cows upon Its side.
Be sure the mountain herd.
Ordinarily we don't remember so far
back, but the above was lifted from a
Literary Digest of the year 1909. which
we were reading because the prevailing
war prices have druv us to making all
our things over. In spite of its vener-
ableness, it pleased us and suggested
to our mind that:
When Ollie saw the mountain pass.
I'd Ilka to have the dope.
Whether It ambled, walked or ran;
For sometimes mountain slope.
Forecast for October.
Professor G. Pythagoras Bimelack,
the prominent and well-known astrolo
ger and seer, sends the following dis
sertation and forecast for October:
Taurus rules the middle of the
month and we may look for increased
activity under this sign from the
In view of this condition it is not sur
prising that the Sign of the Crab rises I
over the destinies of the voting public I
at about the same time.
The month opens under the Sign of I
the Waterwagon and passes at once I
into the Sign of the Fishes. Similarly
it closes with the same signs in the I
same relation. This foretokens e I
lively campaign between the advocatef I
of the waterwagon and the boosters oil
the established order.
The frost will get busy on the pun
kin once more and the fodder will b
observed in the shock, and bards wll
uncork the annual wail about th
-death of Summer. The furnace in the!
basement will wake up from its Sum
mer sleep with a renewed appetite am
Gen. Pub. will begin to get first-hanl
dope on the effect of the war on fuel
Experts will reaffirm their convict
tion that the- present war will chang-
the map of Europe and. Sherman's his j
toric remark will continue to flourts
The Autumn season is at hand
With Influenza, coughs and chills;
Alas the war in Europe's land
Has raised the price on quinine pills.
31,284 B. C Antediluvian war ol
flee reports continued successes in th
campaign to expel the anthropoid ape
from the cocoanut grove.
312 B. C. Macedonian war office re
ports continued successes In Alexar
der's campaign in Persia.
218 B. C. Carthaginian war office r
ports continued successes In Hannibal
Invasion of Italy.
31 A. T. A certain Nazarene begii
preaching the doctrine of unlvers
1914 A. D. The 33.198th anniversai
of the great war between the anted
luvians and the anthropoid apes for t1
possession of the cocoanut grove
The 1914th year since the birth of ti
preacher of the doctrine of unlvers.