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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Aug. 2, 1914)
Pages 1 to 20
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 2, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. XXXIII-NO. 31.
WAR IS BEGUN:
Kaiser's Declaration of War
-to Czar Plunges All Eu
rope Into Conflict.
ENGLAND FOR TIME IS ALOOF
France, Mobilizing, Due to Be
in Thick of Battle at Al
most Any Moment. ,
ITALY DECLARES NEUTRALITY
Germany's Understanding With
Turkey New Factor. .
BATTLE ARRAY IS OUTLINED
Tor Tresent Situation Is Germany
and Austria-Hungary Against
Russia, France and Servla.
Fear of Years at Hand.
LONDON, Aug. 1. Events In the Eu
ropean crisis developed today with
startling- rapidity. The German ulti
matum to Russia, demanding that Rus
sia cease the mobilization of her army,
expired at noon, and at 6:15 o'clock In
the afternoon the German Emperor
signed a mobilization order.
At 7:30 o'clock the German Ambas
sador at St. Petersburg, Count von
Pourtales delivered . a declaration of
war in the name of his government
to the. Russian government, and the
entire staff of the embassy immediate
ly left St. Petersburg.
Fear of Tears at Bud.
Although, after the warlike speeches
delivered by the German Emperor and
the Imperial Chancellor at Berlin on
Friday, no other result could be ex
pected, hopes that the dread event
might be averted had been raised by
the intervention of King George in St.
Petersburg and the fact that the Ger
man Reichstag was not to be con
vened until Tuesday. Hence the actual
declaration of war had not been ex
pected for another day or two.
Now the die is cast and Europe is
to be plunged into a general war,
which has been the apprehension of
European statesmen for generations. It
Is now only a question of how soon
a state of actual war will exist be
twen Germany and France.
France-Germany Crash Near.
Late tonight placards were posted in
Paris calling for general mobilization,
and the German Ambassador, although
he had not been handed his passports,
was preparing to leave the French
--It is not known exactly at what
hour Germany's ultimatum to France,
asking that country to define what at
titude she would assume in case of a
war by Germany and Austria against
Russia, was to expire, but it is believed
it will not be long before diplomatic
l V Yusr 4 svMPATtsrJC ' The fuse 's J
GERMANY FAILS TO
CUT RUSSIAN CABLE
TORPEDO DESTROYERS' AT
TEMPT OFF DENMARK FUTILE.
Fehuiarn Beil, Waterway Off Copen
hagen, Crowded Witli " German
.Dreadnoughts and Warriors. -
COPENHAGEN, Aug. L German tor-
nu4n i4.strnv,rR niwtratine outside the
fCUV V..J J , ,
Danish Sea territory, made an unsuc
cTessful" aftempt today to cut the cabl
communication to Russia by . way o
RnAHviir Don mark.
Th vi-hmarn Bell is crowded ' WiUl
German dreadnoughts and other" big
warships which are accompanied uy
irunxnort vessels. A numDer 01 xvub
sian vessels also have been observed i
that' vicinity. - -
NonriT n thn- steamship lines be
tween Germany and Denmark have
stopped their boats. .
The large military f?rce concentrated
Kaaionri the larzest and mosi iiu
portant of the Danish islands and con
t.ui.. anltal was Increased to
night by 20,000 men for the protection
The Danish Parliament met tonight
in extraordinary session to pass legis
i.ii.n nor-osKitatert bv the situation.
Ttiu f.prnin n arov ernment has ordered
u itr.m,l!a tt. return of ail tne ci-
man automobiles, numbering 400. at
the Malmoe, Sweden, exhibition.
PRAYERS FOR PEACE URGED
Churches Asked to Co-operate Today
and Ministers to Meet Tomorrow.
ut.i.t.r nf the erospel from all de
nominations and churches of Portland
wilt hold a meeting tomorrow morning
at the Y. M. C A. to pray for the avert
ing of the war that Impends in Europe.
TioTr s. Tt Hawkins. Dresraeni oi mo
Portland Ministers' Federation, has sent
out the following call, in wnicn ne an
nounces ihe meeting tomorrow, also
ire-ina- that similar prayers be orrerea
In every church In the city today:
"All pastors and other ministers of
Portland are hereby urgently requested
i m.t at the Y. M. C. A. Monday at
10:30 A. M. for the purpose of Joining
in prayer to Almighty uoa to save w
wnrlri1 from the awful carnage of war
which now threatens, and which It now
seems no other than the Divine Power
and Interference can avert All minis
ters of the gospel are Jnciuaea in wib
"Wn further sustrest hat today ne
,,, f Hun humiliation and
most earnest prayer in all the churches
of the city regarding mis auuuuug
M'REYNOLDS-JS . FAVORITE
Supreme Court Vacancy May Go to
Attorney-General Tomorrow. '
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1. Senate lead
ers expect to see Attorney-General Mo.
Reynolds nominated for the Supreme
Court vacancy Monday. At the "White
House the only statement available was
that he was foremost in President Wil
In official circles. Secretary Lane is
regarded as a most likely successor to
Mr. McReynolds for Attorney-General.
It was said the President had so far de
termined to promote the Attorney-General
to the vacancy on the ' Supreme
Court bench In succession to the late
Associate Justice Lurton, that a can
vass of the Senate had been made and
he was assured of confirmation.
AUSTRIANS WOULD STAY
Railroad Laborers Near Eugene
Have No Desire for War.
EUGENE. Or., Aug. 1. (Special.)
Austrian laborers on the Willamette
Pacitic west of Eugene have no in
clination to leave to fight for their
home country, according to Lojson
Bjeletich, a Montenegrin who came to
Eugene today from Randall-Baker's
Camp No. 6 on the Sluslaw. He had
planned to leave this month for his
home in Montenegro, taking with him
his cousin Spiro Bjeletich, who was
examined, this morning for his sanity.
"If they start fighting I don't go,"
said he this morning. "We rather
..fj&A- Court I
Boulevards Go "Wild"
on Word of War.
CONFLICT DUE MOMENTARILY
'On to Berlin," Is Cry When
Decisive Move Is Taken.
SOLDIER TRAINS DEPART
Military Takes Over Private Con
veyances, Taxis, Buses and .
Horses - Germany's Impa-
tlence Gets Response. .
PARIS, Aug. 1. Diplomatic develop
ments since yesterday afternoon can
be stated briefly as follows: .
Baron Von Schoen, German Ambas
sador to France, called on the French
Premier, Rene Vlvlani, at 7 o'clock
yesterday evening and formally noti
fied, him Germany had addressed an
ultimatum to Russia desiring to know
by 12 o'clock today whether the St.
Petersburg government would discon
tinue mobilization of the "Russian army.
Baron von Schoen was directed by
his government to ask what were the
Intentions of France should Russia's
reply to Germany be a refusal to de
AH Hinges on Reply.
The German government fixed ."be
fore 1P.M. today" as the period with
in which France must answer. Baron
von Schoen called at tne French for
eign office at 11:40 A. M. to receive
France's reply. Premier Vivlani made
an earnest appeal to the German Am
bassador, asking if Germany could not
yet do something to avert war.
The Baron promised to communicate
1th Berlin and to return to Ihe
French foreign office at 4 P. M., which
he did. ' -
The German reply, whatever it ws.
was submitted to tne rencn caDinei
council.1 which within a few minutes
afterward ordered a general mobiliza
tion of the French army.
' Mobilization Starts -at Once
The date of the mobilization was set
for tomorrow, but that only means the
men must reach their regiments by to
morrow, so the -mobilization - begins
But the men are called out in
classes at intervals of days, according
to the yearin which they entered the
Precise instructions are always in
the possession of every man. so .that
he may know what to do when a gen
eral mobilization is posted.
Boulevards Go Wild.
The wildest enthusiasm was mani
fested on the boulevards wnen tne
news of the ordering of the mobiliza
tion became known; Bodies of men
formed in regular companies in ranks
10 deep and paraded the streets, wav
ing the trl-color and other national
emblems and cheering ana singing me
Marseillaise" and the "Internationale
and throwing their hats In the air.
On the Bidewalks were many weep
ing women and cnnaren.
All the stores and caies were
The marching of the soldiers in me
streets with the English, Russian and
French flags flying, the singing or
patriotic songs and the 'shouting of
On to Berlin: was mucn less reiuara-
able than the general demeanor ana
cold resolution of most of the people.
Response Is Instant.
The "response to the order of mobili
sation was Instant, and the stations of
(Concluded on Page 3.)
WAR'S ALARMS, CARTOONIST REYNOLDS MAKES A FEW COMMENTS
i4vDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
' The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 8
degrees; minimum, 6o degrees.
TODAY'S Sunday fair; northerly winds.
Rusao. German war declaration plunge, all
Europe into conflict. Section 1, Page 1.
France mobilized like flash. Section 1.
page 1. . -
Socialist of London today will crowd Trafal
gar Square protesting Britain's entrance
into war. Section 1, page 7.
American, on Continent rush aero., channel
to hurry home. Section X. page 2.
Poland will suffer most if big European war
results. Section 1, page Z.
Servian, and Slavonians to hold mass meet'
ing in Portland today. Section 1, page 2.
Wife of German army officer, visiting Port
land, declares Germany is bound to win.
section 1, page 0.
Consul Kirchhoff blame, crisis on Czar.
Section 1, page 2. . '
Portland famine express anxiety over wel
fare of home folk now touring Europe.
Section 1, page 6.
All Northwest export trade "retarded by war.
Section 1, page 6. .
Declaration of war between Germany and
Russia has no effect on Chicago markets.
. Section 1, page 7.
London's gay life pauses for first time
Section 1. page 1.
Panama Canal act will be changed to meet
war emergency. Section 1, page 7.
United States, now sole go-between, moves
to prevent disaster if possible. Section 1,
Eastern railroads win.O-per cent rate in
crease. Section 1, page 1.
Harbor bill gets no aid from Wilson. Sec
- tion 1, page 6.
Fight over "seven. sisters" bills to be shifted
to Superior Court. Section 1, page 8.
Jackson County Fair is set. Section 1, page 8.
Science of play successfully tested. Sec
tion 1, page 8.
Coast League results: Portland 7, Oakland S;
San Francisco 6. Los Angeles 2; .Venice
14, Sacramento 3. Section I. page 2.
Charles Evans, Jr., wins Western golf cham
pionship. Section 2, page 4.
Chicago produces new tennis star, who will
meet Griffin tomorrow. Section 2, page 1.
Matty savs bis: league races soon will be
settled. Section 2. page 2.
American methods of training athletes
abroad. Section 2, page 5.
Semi-pro and amateur ball champ race on
today. Section 2, page 2.
Del Howard says Seals must be youngsters
- In future. Section 2, page 2.
Pictures arrive showing, how Gunboat Smith
delivered foul In fight, section z. page .
Commercial and Marine.
No effort made to transact business In local
wheat market. Section I, page lo.
Chicago traders await outcome of movement
to register foreign snips. section .t,
Monev markets feel first effects or war in
Euroue. Section 2. page 13.
Merchant marine said to have support of
Dublio generally, bection z, page 10.
W. R. Grace & Co. announce- lower tarirts
from ocean to ocean, section z. page i
Portland and Vicinity.
Committee returns Mr. Ughtner's resigna
tion. Section 1, page 18.
Programme for formal opening of Hillside
Parkway Tuesday . compieteu. section .
Mazamas leave In detachments to scale
Mount Rainier. . Section 1, page a.
Industrial relations hearing arranged tor
Portland. . Section J, page .iu.
Traffic ordinance draft changed to apply to
pedestrians, section T, page iu.
Bar committee outlines '.vorlc in bringing
about abolition ot aouoie tee system.
Section 1, page 13.
Special days set for Manufacturers' ana
Land products snow, section x, pus
GOLD SUPPLY TO BE KEPT
Rise in Discount Rates Predicted by
' Edward Cookingliam.
The United States undoubtedly will
be forced to emergency measures in an
attempt to retain its gold supply and
keep its credit as a result of the par
alyzing effect of the present Euro
pean war situation," said Edward
Cookingham, vice-president of the Ladd
& Tilton bank, last nignt.
Measures will have to De taKen to
protect America. The closing of tne
Stock Exchange is perhaps the most
effective weapon at the outset. To
keep the gold here as far as-possible,
the banks probably will aovance the
money rales, xne law permits Dana
currency to reach a maximum amount
of $500,000,000, which should prove en-
WAR EXTRA SUNDAY
An extra edition of The Ore
gonian, containing latest war
news, will be issued this (Sun
day)' evening and sold on the
streets of Portland. It is prob
able the edition will be out by
7 P. M., but it may be somewhat
later, depending upon news developments.
UNITED STATES NOW
Hopes for Peace. v
FREE HAND GIYEN DIPLOMATS
American Envoys Abroad Help
War Nations' Embassies.
EMERGENCY PLANS MADE
Necessary Legislation to Prevent
Paralysis of World Commerce
and Money Stringency at
Home to Be Started.
"WASHINGTON, Aug. 1. War de
velopments in Europe overshadowed all
else today and tonight in the attention
of official Washington. Steps to pre
vent a financial stringency in this
country as a result of Europe's sudden
need for gold were followed by a series
of precautionary measures, designed to
protect Americans sand their Interests
abroad as well as at home.
President "Wilson and Secretary
Bryan studied a mass of dispatches
from American embassies, legations and
consulates in Europe. While no formal
tender of good offices has been made
to any power , American diplomats
abroad are keeping the State Depart
ment closely advised, so that if an op
portunity presents itself, the influence
of the United States for the settlement
of the war problems by pacific means
will be actively exerted.
No Decisive Steps Taken.
Ambassador Page at London, Pen-
field at Vienna, Herrick at Paris and
Gerard at Berlin were particularly
active during the. day conferring with
officials of the various foreign offices.
They are at work in the interests of
peace, and. thus far have been acting
on their own initiative. In their dis
patches to the State Department they
made various suggestions, but until the
situation develops further, no decisive
step in diplomacy will be taken by the
The Washington Government, how
ever, instructed all its diplomatic rep
resentatives abroad to do everything In
their power with propriety to avert the
conflict. The instructions were to
counsel for peace and calmness wherever
it was possible In an informal way.
United States Sole Go-Between.
Germany, France, Great Britain and
practically all the other governments
of Europe which may become Involved
In the struggle have asked the United
States to care for their diplomatic in
terests in those countries with which
they may be compelled to sever rela
tions. The United States has accepted
every request of this kind.
In this way the United States Gov
ernment, by acting as the sole channel
of communication between the powers.
may find an opportunity .to assist in
the settlement ot the conflict by means
President Wilson has not lost nope
that a general conflict can be avoided.
Some of the official dispatches have
suggested that the military measures
bainc- taken by some of the powers
were precautionary and not definitely
Indicative of any determination ac
tually to engage in hostilities.
The gravity of the situation was ad
mitted in all these telegrams. News
that Germany had declared war on
Russia came unofficially while Presi
dent Wilson and Secretary Bryan were
in conference in the executive offices.
Soon afterward Secretary Bryan hur-
(Concluded on Page 2.)
LONDON'S GAY LIFE;
PAUSES WITH NEWS
EXGLAXD SEEMS TO REALIZE
GRAVITY FOR FIRST TIME.
Theater Crowds Emerge to Face
Bulletins Almost Certain to
Slean Ruin to Many.
LONDON, Aug. 1 Pleasure-loving
Londoners, Issuing by thousands from
the theaters tonight, were confronted
by screaming newspaper placards an
nouncing that Germany had declared
war on Russia.
For the first time the full signifi
cance of the fate overhanging Europe
appeared to strike the ordinary citi
zen with full force, and he began with
real seriousness to ask himself what
part England was to play in the great
Leading business and commercial men
for days had been in a state of appre
hension over the course events were
taking, and saw themselves face to
face with great losses perhaps ruin,
but the customary life in the great
city had gone on, undisturbed by the
echoes of war which seemed far away.
Although some unusual commotion and
military movement had been observ
able, most of the citizens did not real
ize war was near enough to Involve
Here and there collisions occurred be
tween little bands of Germans and
Frenchmen as the result of their
patriotic ardor. '
The greatest excitement was ob
served in the numerous foreign restau
rants of the West End, especially In
German haunts, where the crowds
cheered Emperor William and sang
"The Watch on the Rhein" and other
patriotic songs. The French element
was less In evidence. The Russians in
London are mostly refugees from Rus
sian oppression. They displayed little
ACCIDENT AWARD IS MADE
Family of Conductor Who AVas
- Killed AVill Get $48 u Month.
SALEM, Or., Aug. 1 (Special.) An
nouncement was made by the State In
dustrial Accident Commission today
that it had set aside in the segregated
accident fund $7704.44 compensation
for the widow and children of Julius
S. Mason, who was killed July 14. while
employed as a conductor on a logging
tram-operated by the Nlbley-Mmraaugu
Lumber Company, of Wallowa County.
This is the first claim as the result
of a fatal accident which has been
definitely settled by the Commission.
The widow will receive 30 a month
as long as she remains single, and each
of the three children $ a month until
he is IS years old.
TRAVELING CHECKS HALTED
Order as to Persons Going Abroad
Applies Also in United States.
Owing to the unsettled conditions
abroad Wells, Fargo & Co. have ln
ctmotAri nil steamship and railroad
agents at Portland to discontinue the
sale of travelers' checks. The order
nnnlle. to checks to be used In travel
ing from point to point in the United
States as well as those that have been
customarily sold to persons going out
of the country.
Travelers on the Coast are not in
convenienced by the-step as much as
thnn bound to foreign lands, though
steamship agents report that since the
war scare started there has been less
call from tourists for bookings.
MANHATTAN'S PRINCE HURT
L. P. de Aragon, One Time Fashion
Plate of Isle, In Auto Smash.
FREE PORT, L. I.. July 116. (Spe
cial.) Prince Ludovic Pignatelli de
Aragon, a member of the royal family
of Spain and once conspicuous in Man
hattan as a fashion plate, was injured,
perhaps dangerously, in an automobile
collision in Merrick road, a mile east
of Merrick, recently.
The Prince was thrown clear of ills
machine againBt a tree. He had three
broken ribs, lacerations of the chin
and face, besides painful bruises of
EASTERN RAIL LINES
5 Per Cent Upward Tar
".. iff Given Some.
BUFFALO TO MISSISSIPPI, ZONE
Roads East of Hudson Share
: Only in Auxiliary' Way.
EFFECT GENERAL, HOWEVER
Interstate Commerce Commission la
Making Ruling Decries "Propu.
ganda Clamor," and Suggests
Remedies to Carriers.
GIST OF IMPORTANT RATE IN.
Commit, ion's opinion not unsnl
mous; McChord and Danltls holding
increase should have been general. I
Ini-reases will apply north of the I
Ohio and Potomao rivers and from
a vertical line drawn rh rough But- f
f.lo and Pittsburg, west to tli Mis- I
No advances permitted east from
Bultulo and Pittsburg to the Allan- t
tic seaboard. I
The majority held as to rates
west of Pittsburg that they were t
tlw lowest In the country and war- 7
ranted an increase. I
It was held that, rathsr than r.ls-
ing freight rate, the railroads should
discontinue co.tly free service t. t
shippers and possibly Increase tlielr 1
passenger fares to keep p.ce with
the high-grade survlce the public f
Heal relief. Commission holds, t
will be nn.nclal reorganisation of f
roads on suund basis,
Advances allowed will Increase I
income of ro.ds 1 per cent. I
The New York Ccniral. Peunsyl
vanla, Erie and Ilalliiiiore A Ohio J
will be benenied In thut tbey hv J
llnv. running from the Ka.t over t
In the territory into whlh the ad- t
- vaiioe. apply. 7
Coal will hav. no advanue, N.l- .
ther will coke, brick, tile, clay.
starch, cement. Iron ore and plaa-
ter. Neither will there be any iu- I
creuse on lake and rail rate..
WASHINGTON. Aug. 1. Five per
cent Increase freight tales between
Buffalo and Pittsburg and the XIls
sissippl River were granted today by
the Interstate Commerce Commission
in a decision in the Eastern advance
rate case. All Increases east of Pitts
burg and Buffalo were denied.
No increases were granted on lake
and rail rates.
All class rates within the Central
Freight Association territory were ad
vanced S per cent.
Commodity rates got a like advance
excepting coal, coke, brick, tile, clay,
starch, cement, iron ore and plastei.
Road' Income Increased.
The new rates are expected to in
crease the Incomes of the railroads at.
proximately 1H per cent. AH the
principal East and West systems will
benefit by the Increases as their lines
traverse the territory affected.
The Commission held tho Income of
the railroads was smaller than Is de
manded in public Interest, but that no
showing had been mado warranting a
general increase in rates.
The commodities upon which no ad
vances were allowed compose approxl.
niately 35 per cent of the total volume
of traffic In the Central territory.
Condemning wtiat ts characterised as
a propaganda to influence Its decision.
the Commission said:
There can be no doubt that this
(Concluded on Page 6.)