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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (July 26, 1914)
Pages 1 to 16
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VOL. XXXIII o. 3U. lumiii, - - - - rrTrrrrrrrr!rrrr
. . . i
WAR CLOUD IS
Servians Defy Austria;
Struggle of Teuton
vs. Slav Feared
RUSSIA MARSHALS FORCES
Vital Issue Is Whether Czar
Will Go to Rescue of His
BELGRADE TO BE ABANDONED
Seat of Government Removed
60 Miles, to Kraguyevata.
SERB PRIDE IS TOUCHED
Austria Thought to Have Chosen
Time to Administer Punishment
When Powers Were Busy With
Troubles at Home.
LONDON. July 85. The darkest war
cloud which has appeared on the
Kuropean horizon since Germany sent
warships to Agadir in 1911 has arisen
within 4$ hours.
The Servian government has refused
to comply with Austria's demands, the
most humiliating; ever asked or an
Independent nation, for the expiation
of the Sarayevo murders for which
Austria holds anti-Austrian conspira
cies in Servia responsible and for
guarantees of future Rood behavior.
Diplomatic Relations Severed.
At 5:50 o'clock tonight, when the
Austro-Hungarian ultimatum expired,
the Servian premier handed to the
Austrian minister at Belgrade Servla's
reply. The minister immediately
severed diplomatic relations and started
Thc contents of the note have not
been revealed, but the Servian legation
in London understands that it accepted
ome of Austria's conditions and re
jected others. Apparently Austria was
resolved to have the whole bill paid
Now the vital question to Europe is
whether Russia will come to the rescue
of her little Slav brother, Involving
the other powers and making of the
war a dread struggle of Slav against
Teuton for European supremacy.
Russian Army Mobilizing.
Reports from St. 1'etersburg say that
the Russian army Is mobilizing but It
Is to be remembered that Russia mobi
lized several corps when Austria an
nexed Bosnia and the German Emperor,
stepping to the side of his ally, as
was said. "In shining armor." put a
veto on Russian intervention.
Austria and Servia are both mobiliz
ing, but the silence of nil the dis
patches on the subject of military
preparation indicates clearly chat an
Ironclad censorship has been estab
lished in both countries.
The Servians have decided not to
attempt to defend Belgrade, the garri
son having already been withdrawn,
according to Vienna reports, and the
seat of government removed from Bel
grade to Kraguyevata, a strong strate
gic point SO miles to the south.
Pride of Serbs W ell Kiowa
Servis's refusal to humiliate itself
to the extent its big neighbor has dic
tated was not unexpected. The Serbs
have been proud since their success in
the late Balkan war, and the govern
ment which yielded to such demands
aa Austria's could not last; even the
dynasty would be imperilled. Servla's
little ally. Montenegro, seems deter
mlred to cast Its lot with Its cousin
Servian partisans abroad advance
the theory that Austria has made up
her mind to dispose of her neighbor,
which has long been a thorn in her
side, and has chosen to strike a deci
sive blow at a moment when the na
tions of the triple entente are handi
capped by home troubles Russia with
a great strike. France with a political
upheaval and Great Britain with a
threatened civil war in Ulster.
BrlUN Sympathy With Austria.
England shows no enthusiasm over
becoming embroiled in a war which
might prove a great calamity in her
Interests. As far as opinion can be
gathered amid the paralysis which
overcomes all British political activi
ties over Sunday, sentiment of the run
of the people here trends toward Aus
tria, although Britain Is allied with
Russia and France. This is based on the
belief that Servian Intrigues for under
mining Austria by a pan-Slav move
ment have been so open that no nation
could tolerate them, and in the present
(Concluded on Page i.)
ARMY OF 2,000,000
AT AUSTRIA'S CALL
PEACE FOOTING IS ESTIMATED
AT 390,000 SOLDIERS.
Reserve Force Includes All Abie
Bodied Men From 18 to 21, Male
Population Serving in Field.
VIENNA, July 25. (Special.) Aus
tria has 390.000 soldiers upon whom to
call to safeguard what Its statesmen
believe to be its own interests.
These figures have to do with the
peace footing of the Austro-Hungarian
army. In time of war the Emperor
King can call 2.000,000 men of all arms
into the field, and this estimate takes
no account of the Landwehr and Iand
sturm, corresponding roughly to the
National Guard of the United States
or the territorial army of England.
This reserve force includes all able
bodied men between the ages of IS and
21 and between the ages of 32 and 42,
the male population generally between
the ages of 21 and 32 being required
to give military service, two years in
infantry, three in cavalry and artil
lery and four in the navy, besides serv
ice in the reserves, bringing the total
number of years generally up to 12.
"WETS" LEADING IN TEXAS
Question of Submitting Issae to
Voters Has Close Contest.
DALLAS, Tex., July 25. Late returns
from today's state Democratic primary
indicated James E. Ferguson, of Tem
ple, anti-prohibitlonist, was leading
Thumas H. Ball, of Houston, prohibi
tionist, for the nomination for Gov
ernor. The vote on submission to the vot
ers of the state of a state-wide prohi
bition amendment was close with anti
submission forces in the lead.
AUTO BREAKS BOY'S KNEE
Oliver Clibborn, Nephew of Kath
erine Booth Clibborn, Is Hurt.
Oliver Clibborn, the 20-year-old son
of Percy Clibborn. 505 East Twenty
seventh street North, sustained an in
jured knee last night when he was
knocked down by an automobile as he
stepped from a Broadway car at Twenty-fourth
and Brazee streets.
He was taken to his home by a phy
sician. Mr. Clibborn is a nephew of
Katherlne Booth Clibborn, the Salva
tion Army leader.
LIGHTNING KILLS ONE
Bolts Injure Several and Burn
Homes Near Philadelphia.
PHILADELPHIA, July 25. Light
ning today killed one man, injured a
number of others and set fire to sev
eral places in the vicinity of Philadel
phia. A bolt of lightning struck a motor
boat containing five men on the Dela
ware River and one of them, Robert
Steirs, was Instantly killed.
Top Row, Left to Rig.t. Fran. Ferd, nand. ,.-te Heir-Apparent , Austrian Throne
TTJ':. SSS rof - Ser -
With Servia, and Ivaiscr William, of Ucrxnaay, Wko la Allied Wltk An s trie.
TO RETAIN SENATE
Majority, However, May
DEFEAT OF FOUR EXPECTED
Republicans Count Chamber
lain's Scalp Among Others.
TARIFF VOTES UNPOPULAR
Western Members "Who Followed
Wilson When They Might Have
Won Concessions by Independ
ent Stand Are Vulnerable.
OREGONIAN" NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, July 25. In all probability the
Democrats will retain control of the
United States Senate for another two
years, though their majority in the up
per branch of Congress may be reduced
as a result of the election next No
vember. The Democrats today control
the Senate by a majority of ten, and
to wrest control from the party in
power, the Republicans must hold their
present strength and defeat not fewer
than six Democrats whose terms ex
pire March 4 next.
The Senate today consists of 53
Democrats. 42 Republicans and Sen
ator Polndexter, of Washington. The
terms of 32 Senators expire March 4,
1915, and of this number 17 are Re
publicans and 15 are Democrats.
Ten Are la Solid South.
To control the next Senate, the Re
publicans must hold all 17 seats they
now have, and must defeat at least
six of the 15 Democrats who are up for
re-election. When it is discovered that
ten of the 15 hail from states of the
Solid South, it is evident that nothing
short of a miracle can wrest control
of the Senate from the hands of the
Democrats at the coming election.
Republican campaign managers feel
reasonably certain of defeating four
Democratic Senators, Messrs. Chamber
lain, of Oregon; Newlands, of Nevada;
Smith, of Arizona, and Thomas, of Col
orado. Each of these Senators voted
for the passage of the Underwood
tariff bill after having denounced that
bill from the floor of the Senate. is
detrimental to the interests of their
respective states. Each of these Sen
ators went into a DemoorRtic caucus
and submitted to a party gag, applied
at the direction of President Wilson,
and each of these Senators has been
(Concluded on Pare a.)
OP EUROPEAN COUNTRIES WHO
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 74
degrees; minimum, 53 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair, northwesterly winds.
War cloud hangs over Austria. Section 1,
page L .
German crowds warlike. Section 1. page
Austria has army of 2,000,000 men at com
mand In case of war. Section 1. page
Calllaux' letters curiously mingle love wltn
politics. Section 1, page L
Democrats expected to retain control of
Senate. Section 1, page 1.
Mlnnesotan charges American citizenship Is
dishonored by misrule in Philippines.
Section 1. page 2.
Khedive of Egypt shot twice by assassin.
Section 1, Dage 5.
Chinese In Ran Francisco tear up Yuan s
picture: refuse to receive his represents
tlve. Section 1. pafc-e 8.
Women asked to give trinkets f or suffrage
campaign. Section 1. page . .
Carranza helps Villa; peace near. Section l.
Coast League results: Portland 4. San Fran
cisco I: Oakland lVeii.c 2, W A n
geles 5, Sacramento 2. Section 2. page i.
Semi-pro teams to play for city ohamplon
shlu are selected. Section 2. page i
Yachts again In favor for river sports. Bee.
tlon 2. page 3. - f,
Coast handicap shoot called most successful
held, section 2, page 5.
Portland divers to contest at Panama-Pacific
carnival. Section 2. page 8.
Veterans Hackett and Alexander win from
youths in lAmgwood tennis play. Section a
Vancouver noloists take first contest here.
Section a page 1.
Broadway bridge opens to let Silas Chrlstof-
f erson pass through in aircraft. Section 2.
possibilities of Oregon football team anal
ysed. Section 2. page 4.
Joe Knowles Is sighted by three campers.
Section 1, page 8.
Bank superintendent finds increase In state
and decrease in National deposits. Sec
tion I, page 7. '
Kalama plant valued at J230.OO0 destroyed
by fire. Section 1. page 8.
Cost of living in Washington shows family
may live cheapest In southwestern part.
Section I. page 7.
Raymond Hunter predicts that Knowles will
make good. Section 1. page 8.
Tudee Black of Everett, seeks Democratic
JU nomination for Senator. Section 3. page 10.
Manv candidates for nomination " Congress
file at Olympia. Wash. Section 1, page .
Report on resurvey of Palouse project is ex.
pected dally. Section 1. page 10.
Apple Growers' Association at Hood River
adopts new stringent by-laws. Section 1,
page 4. .
Commercial and Marine.
Local dealers buy wheat above European
parity, section 2. page 13.
Frantic buying of wheat at Chicago results
from war scare. Section 2, page 13.
Wall street stocks affected by depression
abruad. but rally liter. Section 2, page 13
Steamer Mlssourian, of American-Hawaiian
fleet, on way to Portland with cargo via
Panama Canal. Section 9i page 8.
Portland and Vicinity.
Rev W B,. Hlnson resigns pastorate of
White Temple. Section 1, page 1.
Negotiations to be opened to secure Federal
. . . ,!,.,-i,,-n Qprtlon 1 pace 11.
James Daniel Richardson, high Mason.
passes a i v. -
Discs, flush with street,, may be placed a.
guides tO reft ui ic
Anti-saloon League leader proposes neu
. . riih n,,nilLl narties. bee-
Commissioner Brewster prepares new traffic
ordinance. Section 1, page 12.
Bnginemen tell In pamphlet why strike
looms. on."" ' ,
Charles B. Moores, chapman of Republican
,- Cnmniltti.lL t flfMK NtJU"
hausen s political argument. Section 1,
Electrical oriels outline objections to pro
posed ordinance. Section L page 12.
Exhibit space for manufacturers' and land
products show Is going rapidly. Section
1, pace 10.
Weather report, forecast and data. Section
2, page 15. '
ARE INVOLVED DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY IN SERB-AUSTRIAN CRISIS.
EV. W. B,
WhiteTemple May Lose
Pastor of Four Years.
ANNOUNCEMENT NOT OFFICIAL
If Deacons Accept Resignation
Change Not Due Soon.
OFFICERS WILL NOT TALK
Noted Pulpit Orator to Take Vaca
tion After TodayFirst Hint of
Resignation Given In Church
Bulletin; Theme 'Farewell.
The Rev. W. B. Hlnson, for more
than four years pastor of the White
Temple, has tendered his resignation
from that pastorate, and it will be
acted upon by the deacons of the
church, probably some time this week.
Rumor that his resignation was In
the hands of the trustees of the church
was abroad Friday and arrangements
were pending for a public announce
ment of it today. The official an
nouncement, however, probably will
not be made now until the deacons
have taken action one way or the
other upon the pastor's resignation.
Members of the board of trustees
yesterday declined without exception
to discuss the matter and no forecast
was made as to the probable action of
the deacons, although the report was
made in some quarters that the resig
nation would be accepted. The church
law calls for three months' notice In a
matter of this nature, and should the
deacons accept, It still will be several
weeks before Dr. Hlnson actually va
cates the pulpit.
Mr. Hlnson Won't Talk.
Dr. Hlnson himself declined to dis
cuss his resignation yesterday and re
fused to deny or confirm the state
ments that were abroad concerning it.
His secretary, likewise, hesitated to
discuss It and finally msde a point
blank denial. Intimating ut the fact
of Dr. Hinson's leaving tomorrow for
his Summer vacation probably led to
Dr. pinson is to leave for his vaca
tion after today and in his absence the
pulpit will be occupied by Dr. J. Q. A.
Henry, who was pastor In the White
Temple a number of years ago.
In the meantime, however, the resig
nation will remain In the hands of the
officials of the church pending their
(Concluded on rage 11.)
T SeX ' to C'ee TSVS
KtaPeter; Ruler of Servia, King Ueorge, of Kug.and. Whose .ntere.t.
IS BLOWN ASHORE
RKDFIKLD A YD COMMITTEE IY
GALE OFF HEYLOPEY.
Guests on Lighthouse Tender Res
cued by Survey Boat, Itself
Damaged by Storm.
PHILADELPHIA, July 25. A special
despatch from Lews, Del, says the
Government lighthouse tender Iris,
with Secretary of Commerce Redfield
and a Congressional committee aboard,
was blown ashore In a storm today
Just north of Cape Hcnlopen.
The survey boat Endeavor, which
was anchored a short distance away,
although damaged by the storm, went
to the relief of the Iris, and after an
hour's work, succeeded in getting it
Secretary Redfield, Captain Boutelle.
of the Endeavor, and the Congressional
committee were the guests of Captain
Atkins of the Iris on the lighthouse
MRS. CAMINETTI ASPIRES
Federal Official's Wire Would Be
Rival Republican Representative.
SAN FRANCISCO, July 25 Mrs.
Anthony Camlnetti, wife of the Commissioner-General
of Immigration, an
nounced today that unless the Demo
cratic party developed a candidate to
oppose Representative Curry (Repub
lican) in the Third District, she
would, circumstances permitting, seek
the Democratic nomination at the pri
mary election by having her name
written on the ballot.
Mrs. Caminettl has been active in
politics ever since women obtained the
ballot In California.
CITY WILL TEACH HEALTH
New York to Pay Director $5000 a
Year to Instruct Its Citlxena.
NEW YORK, July 26. New York
City, through examination by the Civil
Service Commission, Is about to select
a director for the newly-created Bu
reau of Public Health Education. It la
said New York will be the first munici
pality to employ a health educator,
whose duty it will be to teach cltlsens
how to live right.
The salary of the health educator will
be 15000 a year, one of the highest in
the competitive class.
2180 HONEY CARTONS SOLD
Former Policeman Disposes of Ton
of Sweetness In Four Hours.
It took L C. Fones, formerly a mem
ber of the Portland police department,
now a farmer of Carlton, Or.. Just four
hours and ten minutes to sell a ton of
mountain honey on the Yamhill public
Mr. Fones put out the first of his supply
of 2180 cartons at 8 o'clock. He sold
the honey for 15 cents a section and
cleared a total of JJ7.
LOVE AND POLITICS
Fervid Letters Tell of
Duty to Party.
INFINITE PRUDENCE' URGED
"Dear Riri" Bidden to Wait
Until After Election.
KISSES SENT BY MILLION
Attitude Toward Divorce Strongly
Influenced by Probable Effect on
Candidacy One Trial Judge
PARIS, July 25 How Joseph Call,
laux, since Premier of France, than a
power In radical politics, mingled love
with politics In hie letters to the
present Mme. Calllaux. earns out
graphically today when the two let
ters handed In by lime. Queydan were
read In court.
The letters breathed love In every
paragraph and discussed the effect of
their love affair on the political future
of the writer. They told how "Hlrl. '
the affectionate diminutive for llenrl
ette, had obtained her divorce, as If In
perfect confidence that he, too, would
take the step that would make Mm
free to wed her and they at the sam
time begged her to be prudent.
I.ovr Hade Walt en Kleetlae.
This was a typical paragraph:
"I do and will love thee. 1 certainly
expect to regain my liberty MM day
in any case, but "
Here the politician asserted himself,
the sentence Is completed with:
"In any case I shall not move before
Calllaux sent kisses by the hundreds
of millions; he apoke of his duty to hie
party; he heaped fervid declarations
of undying sffectlon one on the olber,
and expressed fear of blsckmall. Call
laux. the politician, anmrd rather lo
dominate Calllaux thr loer, on the
The evidenre after the love letters
wandered off Into discussions by sur
geons as to whether M. Calmette could
have been aaved by an Immediate op
eration. hu. i of Judaea Deferred.
A remarkable feature of the proceed
ings Is the quarrel which has arisen
between the pfealdlng Judges of the
court, Louis Albanet and Judas Louie
Dagoury. one of the three other Judges
sitting on the bench with him. aa a
result of which a challenge to s duel
has been sent by Judge Albanet to hie
colleague. Spectators and lawyers
seized this as a toothsome morsel,
differing In all respects from other sen
sational offerings of the trlnl.
The preparations for the duel, how
ever, have been suspended until the
decision of the Minister of Juxtlre hsa
been rendered as to whether they may
fight. The two Judges sat side by lda
today without speaking to enoh other,
torriutir . , - I. abort.
ProfeKsor Pierre Delbet. if the Univer
sity of Paris, provl.lcd another moment
of excitement when he refused to take
an oath to tell the wholo truth, be
cause, he said, he had been approached
by a person whoso nnme he hail prom
ised not to reveal. This person hud
mentioned the name of Labor! as hav
ing sent him.
The udvocHte arose In a rage and said
the person lied. A violent altercstlon
followed between Maltre Labor! and
Professor Delbet. The latter cnled the
Incident by leaving the stand without
divulging the namo of the person.
Calllaux' l.ove tlle Head.
Following is tho text of the first
letter from M. Calllaux to the present
Mme. Calllaux before his divorce from
his first wife, as read In court today:
"My Dear Little Rlrt: I have read,
with attention it merited, ihc letter
which thou hast written me and whlca
calls for an explicit response.
"For several dsyx I have had the In
tention of dissipating- any mlsunder
stsndlng by a complete explanation.
When I met thee. I felt the Impulsion
of my whole being. I should neverthe
less have resisted and should no doubt
have had the courage to conquer my
self If I had been happy at home. But
I was not happy. 1 waa humiliated and
wounded by the action I had undergone
and no one can make me forget my
brulaed feelings. No one could soothe
my Injuries. On the contrary, they
aggravated them. Therefore, 1 threw
myself towarda thee u 1th passionate
fury, or rather with furious passion.
Nevertheless, at the time of the Inci
dents to which It is unnecesssry to al
lude, 1 considered It my duty to releaae
thee entirely by giving thee In a letter
thy full liberty.
Divorce lut Await Klrrtlnaa.
"As a matter of fact. 1 didn't feel suf
ficiently aure of recovering my Inde
pendence to give rpe the right to en
gage thoe to obtain thine. With fine
courage and with the beautiful bold
ness which love and confidence gave
thee, thou haat reconquered thy free
dom, saying to me In substance, 'I ssk
of thee but one engagement that Is to
give me thy love now,' and to this thou
hast added. 'I shall not believe quite
In the fullnesa of thy love If thou dost
not aucceed some day In thyself In be
"1 answered thee, 'I do and will love
thee. I certainly expect to regain my
(Concluded on Page 2.)