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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 21, 1914)
THE STJXDAT OREGOXIAX, PORTLAND. JUXE 21, 1914.
The Circus of Long Ago
BT ANNA WAtI, EDWARDS.
' I must not forget to tell you about
By trip to the circus. The recent visit
of Barnum & Bailey has reminded ma
In those days "going to the circus"
wasn't the simple thing that it now
is For weeks we thought and dreamed
about nothing eise. We wondeed If
the clown and wire walker and Siam
ese twins would, still be there, and when
the important day actually arrived we
were 'most too excited to eat break
When the circus grounds were at stricken crowd, we remained.
last reached, we found them crowded bit scared, but was so pleased to view
with the folk from miles and miles the royal rattler at close tange that I
one of her big rattlesnakes. Her high
stand had a rail around it, and aha
would take snakes from many boxes,
coll them around her body and do all
sorts of wonderful things with them.
The tent was just jammed. The charm
er had one snake around her neck and
had just put the rattlesnake over her
shoulder, when, sip! It shot right Into
the crowd! Such crowding and push
ing! And the awful howling and
screeching! Why, you'd think every
single snake had been turned loose!
Almost every one was trying to get
out of the tent at the same instant,
and, of course, some got hurt.
As my father decided that the snake
wasn't as dangerous as the panic-'
I was a
The Lucky Lamb
soon got over It. A man whom we
afterwards learned was Mr. Barnum,
the owner of the show appeared and
called, "Don't go out! There's no dan
ger!" But most every descendant of
I shall Yiever, never forget the snake Adam present had skedaddled from that
Charmer and the excitement caused by tent.
around. There were the stand men
. selling pink and green lemonade, while
others were offering popcorn and bal
The Windmill by the Zuyder Zee
I tvish I nere a Utile lamb.
Because, I must confess,
r m very naughty yes I am
When I am told to dress;
I hate to dress, I do indeed
Because I cannot see the need '
Of changing everything at night,
And then, Tvhen it comes day,
Of dressing over is it right?
And does it really pay?
I must admit it seems to me
As foolish as a thing could be.
Nod lambs don't ever have to ivash.
Or comb their Vooly hair.
Or change their shirts and all that
Oh, me, I do declare
seems as though a lamb is blessed.
Because it's born already dressed.
ceeded in finding the right thing (or
the little wire ill he glass globe.
The phonograph wan Invented acci
dentally. One day when he was at
the telephone he happened to think that
he could make a machine to reproduce
the human voice. With this idea he set
to work and the result was the phono
graph. Near his home he has his laboratory
where he works as hard as ever at his
Inventions and often does not take time
The New Roller Skatrt
t to eat or sleep.
i lie Is known all over and Is a great
example of what a person can accom-
J plixh by earnest, hard work, for without
i that no genius can accomplish eny-
J thing. '
Solomon and the C lover,
one was able to ask King fcolo-
just a little, rolled back its soft, bright
edge the teentiest bit ever, and droned.
"What's the use of a little thing like
It peeped out at the great army of
Leaves that were waving and dancing
i question that he could not an
In his time. lie knew much
about .animals, trees, plants, fruits
birds and had a great store of Informa
The Queen of Sheba once thought
she would catch him in this way. It Is
said. She had a bunch of wax clover
blossoms and leaves made and when
they were put near the real flowers
she herself could not tell them apart.
laeaaaaiia ........... 4 "he made tbe real flowers and the
wax ones Into a bouquet and pre
and was such a smart little fellow that sented them to the wise Solomon. Then
he did very well. Ha, spent some of sho asked him If he could tell which down w,"n hoy
the money for materials to experiment were the real flowers.
with but most of it he save to his He saw a bee flying outside, so he
N February, 1847, there was born In parents who needed It went and opened the window and the
Thomas Climbs to Success
Far away in Zuyderland the windmills in the Spring
Are busily all turning, as in the breeze they swing;
And rith squeak, squeak, squeak.
And a creak creak, creak, - j
Time they kep for voices of the millers ivhile they sing.
Ohio a boy whose genius- and hard H- read about experiments and then bee flew In and lit right on the true
work have Dlaced him amongst the tri thum fn himaAir rr- .11 clover. Then tho aueen was atiafierf
and nodding all about Big Leaves and mogt prominent men- of his boxes and Jars in aiy old baggage that Solomon was very wiser Indeed.
His name is Thomas Edison and it Is ca" a"d was so afraid some one would 1 -
said that even when he was very small '"turb hem that he beled eh one Something Wrong.
he observed everything closely and al- ?Hi,m. ,., u.a i ... . . - "These potatoes tnte strong'y of
-But after he had lieen on the train for -rtn . .,.. ...
wava tcant in Vnow ih "whv" and j- - , gasoline, my dear. What recipe did
mur years a uoiuu 01 water in wnicn
"how" of each thing. had sora" phosphorus was broken. The
He did not always ask questions Phosphorus burned quickly as soon as it
about everything:, for when he was was OUT of the water and set fire to
Small Leaves, Short Leaves and Long
Leaves and gave a faint little sigh.
Then Splash! As sure as ever you
live, a great, shining tear dropped down
and rolled all the length of the soft,
turned-back edge of green. "I'm such
a weenty thing!" it cried. " And up
so high!" .
The South Wind rustled along. It
stopped for a minute and softly patted
the edge of the Little Leaf; then.
reaching up, it
the Warm Sun
little more than a, baby he began -to the car- The conductor " ngry cjeaning velvet.
"I must' have got my recipes mixed."
answered the young wife after some
reflection, "and used the one for
BT VHtOtMA VALK.
Once upon a time Ilcnrr' father
brought him home a pair ef roller
skates. He had wantei firm for a
long time, hut tils mother thought h
might hurt hlmaeir. and o hU father
had waited until now.
How proud he was of liirm' and ha
felt sure he rouM akate at erne, lie
fastened thetn on and started to gt
up on his feet when. hump, down he
went. Aa flret he thought lie would
cry. for It htnt to co down nn the
Kolln, hla Mjj dog, ran- bun fall soil
thought It mu-( lie a n-w kind of same
to play, and he rualml down the atepa
Just as Henry waa grtting tip again
and ran hard agalnat Ma weater and,
hump. Henry went down again.
Hollo was sure now that ll nrv raa
playing- with him and harked and ran
round In alee. It wan not o funny to
Henry, and he railed to Hollo to stop,
but that niily nial tl dog more plav
fill, and so as Henry atartrd In rkate
the dog ran aloha; neMe hint, w-aggiug
Henry waa setting- along very nhew
when liollo ran between his feet and
and dog In a heap.
Kollo rolled over In the sraaa. but t
lHKt got up. He looked at Henry
much as to say: "It Isn't aa much fun
aa I thought and prrhaps It la not a
game after all."
V hen Henry tried stain liollo fcent
away from him and soon ll-nr rnnld
stand on his feet fine end hsd learned
to keep his balance, and In a few das
could skate very nicely.
Kollo would run al ng wltli him, but
was very cmeful to keep a esfe dis
tance from Henry' feM.
try to find out things for himself.
that he threw all of Edison's things out
fit the l-ar Thtn h hnyail Thnmaa
One day when he was about 6 years ear8 and puBhed hlm out after them.
caught a beam from oia his mother could not find him. She Edison has been deaf ever since this,
and wavjed it gently called and called but could get no Thomas liked to be around the tele-
back and forth.
Little Leaf." it
Then whirr! splash! bang!
The Lightning flashed! The Thunder
boomed! All the Leaves and Boughs
watch for the Sun, answer; then she hunted all over the graph offices, and wanted to find out
chied. "and grow! house but there was no sign of Thomas. how electricity could carry news every-
She called his father and after they had where. He began to study and experi
searched for a long time they found ment and tr,ed to make a telegraph
JiiiH niiiiseix. xio succeeaea in malting a
line and then he wanted to know tele-
A lVw Chorda 1 Yom Chopin.
Tramp Yes, mum, I was once quite
a musician, an' I guess I ain't forgot all
about It yet ,
Mrs. Housekeep Indeed! Well, you
can take the ax and chop a few cords
out of that woodpile.
A a I Wa Going I p Murray Hill.
As I whs going up Mnrray Hill,
Murray Hill was dirty;
There 1 met a pretty Mlea,
Very trim and pcrty.
"Mltle Mlas, pretty Mm.
If I had a trillion
I would Wed ou, hut. Blah!
1 only have a million:'
A Japanese Fairy Tale
s ana Trees m tne irorest waved ana was sitting on a nest or goose graphy.
branches. The voice told them that rustled "id creaked, and the Little Leaf eggs in the barn. He was prepared to One day he saved the life of the sta-
that picture represented the to wives dldn't know whether to be afraid or stay until the eggs were hatched for tion master's son, at the risk of hts own
and the flowers were the presents they &lad until, with a soft, rushing sound, he had Drought food and water with Ufe. This man knew that Thomas was
would receive from their father-in-law the Rain Drops came. j anxious to learn teleerranhv and to
, - n,. 1 .. .. . . . . , iiiub axis uuiucB wcio sprcttu ucr Hie "
there "ved in when they went home- Patter! patter! patter! ,,, show his gratitude offered to teach the
who had two Some lons thin 8tlcks flew to the As they touched the Little Leaf on eggs to keep them warm for he thought bQj. Thomas worked hard all day and
He 'liked his paper and it folded Itself Into a pretty the Tipmost Top of the Giant Tree each e could hatch goslings the same as . t -Venina- studied with the
Grow, Little LeafJ the goose could. station master. He waa so anxious to
The Size Doesnt Count
LONG time ago
Japan a father
daughters-in-law very much and they fan. It waved itself to and fro before ono sang softly.
fcll lived very happily together. the younger wife. Grow! Just grow!"
,,, . .. w1v, Then the voice told them they could And then the Stars came out. The
Alter a wnne me young wive hQm lantern was flr(j Moo Anfl tne Little Leaf Blept And
wanted to go home to visit their peo- wrapped ,n paper and tht fan brougn, io! when- morning came there was a
pie. so they had to ask their father-in- wlnd wrapPed In paper. great jubilee. All the Leaves were
law if they might go. In Japan the sons When they reached home their dancing, all the Birds singing. Every
sind their wives must obey the father, father-in-law was very proud and Bush and Tree was all a-gleaming and father had plenty of meney.
ao when he said "No." they knew they happy and he gave them beautiful a-glisten.
could not leave. But they were greatly Presents. He was very glad to have
, . . . . fV, the lantern and the fan, but he told
disappointed and after a few months , . " . .
the young wives that they were the
they asked again, and again they re- mogt precious tMngB , his house.
ceived the same answer.
Since then a machine haa been made learn that. In five months, her could send
that hatches hundreds of eggs at a and receive messages.
timo, by keeping them at the same heat He made many experiments but was
air the time 80 fu" of his own ideas that he lost
Until Thomas was 7 years old his "e position after another although he
aa iiuiieai wiiu a. imru wurner. ne was
very poor and although he Invented
time the family moved from Ohio to many things he never had the money
Moss and Grass wee dewdrops Michigan. Times began to grow hard
Still they were not satisfied and in a
ehort. time asked again. The old
short time asked again. The old father-in-law
thought that If they cared for
him they would not want to leave him;
but he decided to test their love. So
at last he gave his permission for them
to go to their people. When he said
goodby to them he told the older
daughter-in-law. not to come back un
less she brought him some fire wrapped
in paper. The younger one he told
never to come back unless she brought
him wind wrapped In paper. He
thought that if they loved him they
would eearch everywhere1 until - they
found paper that would hold fire and
The two young wives were glad to
go and they had such a good time that
they forgot all about the presents for
their father-in-law until it was almost
time to go home. Then they were
greatly worried about the papers they
were to take with them and they asked '
one wise man after another, but each
one declared that there was no such
paper anywhere in Japan.
The poor wives were very miserable
Bind did not know what to do. They
wandered all around and finally found
themselves In deep woods. They began
to cry, and suddenly they heard a voice
Baying, "People must not cry in my
woods. Salt water will hurt my trees
nd they will not grow."
Tbe women felt so badly that they
tforgot to be frightened, so they told
the voice of their trouble and that they
were afraid they could never go home'
to their husbands again because they
could not find the kind of paper to
carry fire and wind.
The voice told them to watch. Soon
B, piece of paper appeared on the ground '
and folded Itself into a Japanese lan
On Top of the Giant Tree
And on the Tipmost Top of the Giant
Tree the Tiniest Leaf of all unfurled It
self to the Light.
The Son touched It- The Breeze
for the family and soon money was
pretty scarce. '
Thomas went to school very little,
for he studied at home under the di
rection of hla moth who hat hnan a
kissed it A bright-winged Bird perched gchoo, teacher, and hls fatner who en
BT L. D. STEARNS.
The Tiniest Leaf on the very Tip-
close beside it. And suddenly it began
to dance and whisper and sing with all
the rest: "It's good to grow! . Just
to put them in shape for sale.
One time when he was busy with a
new idea the gas man called to collect
a bill. Xdlson could not pay it and so
the light was shut off. He determined
then that he would put the gas men
out of business some day.
. He went to New York to find work.
most Top of the Giant Tree shook Itself grow!"
A Good Spell ei What's His Name?
jr M L!r
a.......... ..a t...ta................,..4
couraged him to read, and offered to
pay him for every book he read; but For a long time, shabby and hungry,
this was not 'needed for Thomas loved he walked the streets and went to place
books. after place for work.
He studied a great deal by himself One day he happened into an office
too, and eagerly read every book be where a telegraph instrument was out
could g,et. He liked true stories about of order. No one could fix it and they
great men, and books about science, laughed when he offered to try. Ha
for he always wanted to learn the rea- fixed it In a few minutes and was given
son and causes of things. a position in that office. y
The city library had over a thousand In a little while he Invented a stock
books and he was so anxious to know nolnter which was so useful to men of
what waa In them all that he began at business that they gave him MO.OOlTTor Thesr Srowled and growled and growled
the first book on the first long eh elf It. From that time on he has never "", nat ,n, eacn other's faces,
and read it through. Then he took the needed money. And rmn n1 JumPe nd sprang Into
next and the next and decided to keep Edison never gives up. When he is tne "ueere"t sorts of places.
on in this way until he had read every working on anything he keeps at it
book in the library. But he soon saw until it is finished. He works hard
that it would take too long to read and. long and finds the fault in
them all so he gave up this plan and work before he stops.
chose only the best books. Among the many things he has in- The
t HIM l!
Y KITTY cried because she had to That when I put the supper down tipen
stay alone all day,
So off I went to
kitten, right away;
get another I
the floor at night.
thought there'd be a sort of high
old rough and tumble fight.
But Instead, the little kitty walked
straight up to It and ated
And the big cat was ao s-a rved aha
simply sat way back and walled!
that's the way It Is with bo ra
th small ones look so weak.
said, "Oh, my! the new one Is so And
very, very small
Uim . .1 .... .
iiie Dig one win just nurt mm and that That when you see them you would
will not do at all; think thmyt never dare to sneak,
new one was so thin and lla-ht not w,. i... - . .....
Whn ThOTnaa waa 12 vsnra ota vinlsd 01 lh alectrle llrht On thla ha K. u . . . . ' ,v " " fi ngn!
- -- - . . viu vuw in ana c n u n k r
where lots of dual Is ea Ian-
became a newsboy on a train. He also worked for months and months and But the old one hadn't any right the And you will find the big ones b the
sold fruit and peanuts on the train made over 2000 lamps before he sue- new one was so inunkr i,,,,. . . ,
. . nine onee are beaten!
Some Interesting Facts About Sails
Myth of the First Moles
ISTORY has not recorded the name
of the man who first spread an
Improvised sail from a mast, to
relieve him from "paddling bis own
It is more than likely that the first
' sails ever used were shaped much like
owned the land. That night the two the one shown In figure 1. A shape like
bad people pulled up some little bushes this is cut on the stones where boats
that grew near and the son hid in the nf the ancients are represented. The
old Chinese junk had, and still retains.
hole where they had been
- Vpt t m firninr. wionv nannla WAnt in
the fields. The rich man called, out: taila ot thl ,lu"e tyPe- wlth a D00ra
A along the lower edge of the sail. In
A rich man and a poor man each
The voice then told them to out owned half of a field. Each man took
a. candle Inside the lantern and lisrht .r. nf hla ahara and the northern "To whom does this land belong?"
It and then there would be paper hold- part, which belonged to the rich man, voice from the hole answered, "To the various ancient sailboats of the Nile,
tng fire. had no crops on It. while the southern rlch man." and seas of the Mediterranean, a long
This made the older wife glad and half, belonging to the poor man. was The poor man did not know what he triangular sail was used, which was
the younger one begged the voice to full of fine ripe grain and wheat would do for food for his children and 8pread from a rather short mast on an
help her, too. She was told to watch The rich man was selfish and jealous he-was very sorrowful. Suddenly the . .,
-nrf h. m,,h ...I., i . 3 ... , .u- v- voice of the enlrlt of the fields eald: angular-crossing poie, or -yard. This
" " .w .. . . . . . .a . u . v v. miiu u lea k u jiia.no kio yvui ujmi uw- -
per to carry wind than to carry fire. lieve that the northern part of the "The good land belongs to the poor
Soon another paper came by Itself field was his. But this, of course, the man and the rest shall be his, too, if
on the ground In front of them. On It poor man would not do. ne wants it"V
there was a picture of a tree In bios- The rich man had a very bad Bon and Then the rich man was frightened
eora and under the tree were two worn- this boy told him to tell the other man and tried to get away, but the voice w8 know to be the most primitive form
en picking the flowers from the to come in the morning to see who told all the people to look where the used tn8 boats of the Eskimo. All
ousnes naa neen punea up. it satd for earIy 8all8 seem t( have bee ,
a punishment for their sins the wicked BmaU ,n comparlson with those of more
is the olden type usually shown In
books where early sailboats are repre
The "square" sail, shown In figure 1,
father and the bad boy in the hole -.. v-,- -
...... . modern times, one reason, of course.
should always live in the darkness and
was because their boats were smaller.
I I MAS' S? iii?5fc4 M ; I He
The fox is cunning, cute and sly.
He's quick and agile, swift and spry.
He has so many clever tracks.
It's hard to get him in a fix.
jumps the fence with nimble
And fools the fierce pursuing hounds.
He leads them in a wild goose chaee,
And nearly always wins the racev
. . v .v. , . . nd another reason was that It takes
This is supposed to be the origin of ,..,, - . .
L an especially formed and constructed
moles, so you see why they, never come , . . . ,, "
, th - boat to carry a large sail with safety,
to tne ugni. Qur old 8alllne; veS8,ja whlch we see
Can Yon Find Them? - of ,n th,ese wKere reed
with square sails on their three masts.
Names of Oregon towns are con- These were turned at favorable angles
cealed in three sentences. for the wind by the use of many ropes,
i 'l. The oil is in the can by the door, called "she s." which were attached to
t. That Is all I have against John's the "yard arms" from which these
way- sails were spread, and to which they
3. ' If there Is no sale, mark the were "furled" when not In use. These
things cheaper. sails are still used' on whaling vessels.
4. ,Jf you find a good port land at but steam is also sometimes used in a
once. . 1 few of them as a time saver.
6. How much do you sell wood forT These square sails are most effective
6. . Be sure to sew the band on when the wind Is directly from the
straight rear, or "astern," and are not as prac-
7. Does wood burn better than coalf ticable or handy as some others which
8. Beyond the marsh, fields of wheat are here Illustrated. . The management
are growing. of a fullr!gged ship with square sails
9. Here we are Ella, Grand eleva- required a large crew to handle them.
tion, isn't it? so this formed another objection- to
10. With the invention of the cotton their una
Sin, a new era began. Tie ilee-o'.-muttoa'
a.. . aaaaaaaaaaaaat.
Fig 2, is probably tbe next step In Hmu.ll boats on bays and lakes. It Is
the evolution of sals from the square quickly furled, and swings readily
sail, shown in sail, Tiiis ha been used mostly, on from side to 'Ide as Uie boat changes
Its position In the wind. In rig, I we
have sail nearly square In form, but
spread from the mast on one (Ida, so
that "sailing en the wind." or nearly
against It may be done, which would
be Impossible with the square sail or
Fig. 1. This (Fig. I) Is railed th-
"sprit" all, and Is only uaed en atnall
boats. It Is a favorite with fishermen
for their small boat, and you see It
about double the alie of the one
shown In Figure S end offers a large
surface to the wind at Its top, wheree
the power of the leg-'o-mutton de
creases aa It leaves the "boom." or
lower pole to which the sail la bound.
The aprlt sail la furled by puahlng the
oblique pole, called the "aprlt" up
aguinst the mast and wrapping the
sail cloth about them both. This man
ner of furling would be Impractical
for a large boat, and then, too, the sail
Is not strongly spread for the wind
by any "gaff at Its top. or "boom"
along Its lower edge, as In the "fore-an'-aft"
sail shown In Figure 4.
The fore-an'-aft sail Is used on moat
sailing vessels rt the preaent da),
from the small catbnate carrying one
mast to the great five or seven-masted
schooners, which bring our Ice from the
Kennebec River to the landing wharvea
of Washington, D. C. and points far
ther to our (Southland.
Many, If not most, ocean steamer
carry two mast, with the fore-an'-aft
or leg-'o-mutton sails, for the purpoae
of steadying them In a(ale or to rely
upon In case of any breaking nf their
propelling machinery. A sailboat 1
really more steady than any other kind
of a craft when the wind and wavea
are high, as there is nothing like a
brace against the wind on other boats.
If one I susceptible to seaslckneae It
will be far more easy to develop that
uncomfortable sensation In a small
gasoline or steamboat In ehoppv
water than In a sailboat which la
steadied by the wind.
Hailing Is a most fascinating sport
but very dangerous for one who does
not know bow to either saU a boat er