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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 21, 1914)
TtT CHABLES M. PEPPER.
TORREON, Mexico, June 10.
(Special Correspondence.) He
who goes afoot holds too slow a
pace in Mexico. The man -on horseback
is the one to know.
Anarchic war, such as this one has
keen, gives a chance to those who have
gone afoot to mount and ride, while
some who have always ridden ride
Villa is an easy rider, but Carranza
on horseback makes a more Imposing
figure. It Is too early yet to prophesy
whether after peace they will continue
to-rlde abreast .
. . t - ha
; """"V"- i .n.
leading figures ln the constitutionalist
army are known In the United States.
This Is not surprising, for little is
. . , tl v
known of most of them by the Mex-
, . ,
leans themselves. To seek to obtain
hiocT-achical details of some of the
more prominent commanding officers
is a baffling task.
About all that can be learned of
General Blank, for instance, is that
be came fromsome corner of Chihua-
.,..ii a it.,
lie- took a numoer i nis people wim
him into the field to fight Huerta and
Occasionally this Is a polite way of
saying that the General In question
was I bandit, who incorporated his
band into irregular troops, and later
merged them into the constitutionalist -
.k.k ,.ie .o o .i e
an' Irregular army.
Rut often It slmnlv means tnat some
..... ... -
lnca 1 leader trnt thA neona ot his neiflrh-
borhood together formed them into the
nucleus of troops, and, as their leader,
developed Into their commanding of-
fleer, with other groups added.
These peon Generals have been the
backbone of Villa's army. They knew
both by Instinct and training the se-
cret of the guerrilla, bushwhacking
warfare which in the beginning gave
the revolution Its only chance of sue-
after civilized methods and with the
arms and ammunition of regular troops
was observed some of them have met
their new responsibilities and
shown marked military capacity.
They are ignorant, but they could
fight and win, else they would
have been given promotion by Villa,
Few of them, doubtless, would prove
successful as division or corps com-
m and ers, hut they know how to handle
' If H f
5$oczp 'tee fen of
brigades, and are, therefore, Brlgadler
Generals. "Half my Generals can't read." said
. While these ignorant Generals who
developed their own tactics have been
an essential part of Villa's section of
the constitutionalist army, they have
not been its sole reliance. Some of the
men who represent the intellectual side
of the revolution have been part of
the army, and have demonstrated a
certain degree of military capacity.
There also have been highly educated
men with military training and experi
ence. These for the most part are -of-
fleers "of the Mexican army as it ex-
"omm m... -u
with Madero, but more remained loyal
Wat they called the army as dis-
t from MaJaro or Diaz, till
Huerta seized the KOvernment. Then
th.v ioio th revolt
. ... , . . . . -.,
Many of this class had been subordi-
. , , . .
nates of Huerta. and knew his methods
and the methods which would be fol-
by the federal commanders
he left in charge of the gov-
eminent troops m tne nortn. an..
Jedge has been f great service
The leading figure among the trained
mllitarv commanders in Villa's army
at the present time by common consent
lsuenorai i-eupe Angeies. e is so oe-
M ne nlsn in v .11a a tavor. a
tnCOmm0n "n? ff"? P J1
sh,f he should be killed in battle is
that General Angeles shall succeed him
General Angeles got his military
trainirig during the Diaz rule, and was
an officer of the regular army. He
" uvwi iiHi...L
n. - - , . ... . .V. ril.an..anAA
Military Academy the West Point of
Mexico ana enjoyed great popularity
among the students. He In some do-
Sr8e typifies young military Mexico.
Ha refused to accept Huerta and be-
came very active ln the field. He took
art ln 019 Sonora campaign under
General Carranza. ,
Artillery has been General Angeles'
special branch of army training and
it is m this capacity that he has been
was chief of the artillery section in
the Saltillo campaign.
Administration duties also have been
ganization of the constitutionalists.
He is said to have marked executive
When the American troops landed at
have part of General Angeles' functions. He andes. He has made his mark in the under any new regime tnat may get element -or will entirely lose n.s innu- i.ve 01 ' " " "T.h.,, -Tn. -f th. most vll.l
was sub-secretary of war in the Car- brief past, and he is universally agreed Itself established, are a group of so- ence cannot be foretold. been the Incentive to the humblest So In a nutshell on. of " 'lJ
lould ranza cabinet, and has had much to do to have a future. called Independent Generals. Some- There are other commanders men peon to Join the army that he may problems of the 'n
not with the civil side of the military or- The Aguirres are one of the leading times they are called the mutinous on horseback who have not been mount and ride with the , trappings and be stated. II .Is not wul "
BY RITA REESE.
TRUTH may or may not be stranger
than fiction, but certainly lt la
safer than fiction, if the fiction
takes the form of pink fibs, white lies,
or even pale blue exaggerations to
The boy who cried "Wolf!" the third
day after twice fooling his friends was
left to his fate when a real wolf did
come with devouring Intent. So also lt
Is often borne home to us that a woman
who uses petty subterfuges and direct
evasions In dealing with her husband
will sooner or later have to pay the
piper ln the loss of confidence of the
one whose confidence and respect she
most wishes to retain.
There's a most delightful and spark
ling revival of Clyde Fitch's play.
"The Truth." at the Little Theater.
Grace George plays the part of the Fib
bing Becky, the beautiful young wife
who doesn't tell the truth even when
it will serve her purpose.
"I don't believe Becky can keep from
telling lies," say. one of her friends.
"Why. If she even crossed the ferry to
Jersey she tells every one she's been
"It. Joat Her Way."
Tou know women like that. I do.
We knew them at school when we were
frank enough to discredit everything
they said to their faces! We knew
them afterward, when convention and
the dignity of being "grown up" ln
terferred with such surface frankness,
but when we "felt that they were no
more reliable than in the old days. We
know such women as wives, and when
they are young and captivatingly
charming as Becky lt is easy to con
done the fault and pasa it over with
"She really doesn't mean to exagger
ate or to misrepresent."
"It's Just her way." The same fault
matured reveals to us an acquaintance
grown old and gray and grizzled
stamped as an "inveterate liar" a
hideous brafld on any woman's char
acter. The Truth" a. a play Is Intensely
THE SUNDAY' OREGONIAN, PORTLAND,
'&$3s? -V--Nr 1 -"'"'J'vs 11 1- it-b'Ah r'ti L'l
Vera Cruz and General Carranza, as the
, . .,,.,. ,a.
"' I " r " "
suea nis invitation to
withdraw them, from Mexican soil.
General Angeles was understood to be
In sympathy with this declaration as
were all the other officers. He did
n whv. ,
not, however, favor coalition With the
' . . .
""7 hYm a
" C ' ' "r.
8Ubstance, tnat Huerta,
the tTitoT v&a responsible for the
... . 1'. &
landing of the American troops and
... ... j i
gram to nim snouia Know oetier man
t h)m to condon6 treaaon to
,, -nw madH him varv
Mexico. This answer made him very
popular among . the constitutionalist
military chiefs. -
Another element which makes Gen
eral Angeles one of the leading flg-
nres among the military chiers ana
adds Interest to his personality is the
.. .... ... . . . 1
possiDiiity 01 nis oecoming provisional
p.-...., , m.vio in the event that
Villaistas win a complete triumph
dictate who shall sit
. , anthorilv The aulet ru
" " " " " b . . ,f cirI
SCZ1A comvel h.to tor.
raBlan 8 nlmseif wonid lavor
Generai Angeles especially since he
possesses some knowledge of civilian
Villa's mind is subject to change, but
as provisional president.
Foremost among the men on horse-
back is General Eugenlo Aguirre Ben
ish practice of adding the mother's
name confuses the American reader
who does not understand that when a.
absorbing to me, because it follows so
close to life and leads so swiftly to
the day of reckoning1 the day when
the - woman who has told fibs must
face the music; confess her faults and
be forgiven, or stick to her lies and
lose her paradise.
In real life, as In the play, the
gravest feature of such trouble is that
a husband who has been lied to for so
long, who has been deceived so con
sistently about not only the big things,
but the little things, has no faith left
to credit anything his wife may say,
however sincerely he may wish to con
done her shortcomings.
We realize the menace of drugs and
of drink. These are habits that once
fastened on a person are well-nigh im
possible to abandon. But we pas. over
.a graver fault, for which there Is "no
cure" or medical relief. When a wom
an falls into the habit of taking drugs
there are certain methods known to
science whereby she may be reclaimed.
An habitual drunkard has been known
to reform and to stick to temperance,
but which of us has known an Inveter
ate woman liar to be reclaimed and to
ever get back her original ability to
tell the truth.
"Lies Is Lies.
"It can't be done." many declare. I
am not inclined to take so pessimistic
a view of the situation. It can be
done, but, oh, the struggle!
It is such a hard fight a fight that
involves one's pride and which con
fesses so humbly one's weakness.
One can understana now a woman
who Is in the habit of lying would fight
to try to conceal her disgrace. It la
this fight, this trying to bolster one lie
with a thousand lies that forms the net
of falsehoods against which so many
find themselves beating their spirits
out and going down in defeat
Some poet has said that happiness
was born a twin. This Is true. Even
truer is It that a liar i. born a centi
pede, or hatched with a brood of sinis
ter brothers and sisters as fearful as
himself. Orie lie never stands alone.
The weak always have to be supported.
Did you ever see a coward who went
about alone, day or night? Did you
ever see a woman liar who wasn't sur
rounded by a. many people as her orig
f - , if fcdf V t I- f nf Tnillan tribal chiefs or feudal
j i . - r t mi c - ... I rriV .a 4-hA man VL-rtSk nOVM VIII H Mil tiflrcl lllRIP.n. Dili. I1H.VB BABrClHCU HtH UU LCriilBII IB BV waiveiii va.
- -i mm ife
of the ' Asruirres he
tn a, Renavldea. How-
" .. . .
ever, In this case, tne lamuy useit
. a3opted the flnal name, BO that it is
r tQ fc of 0eneral Benavidea
""'u " " ,
intn i Mndero revolution and have
into tne jaaaero revolution n un.o
,.., k ni.rv mnva-
""""" .. . '"
cited a Slsproor 01 tne aasumpuou uui
villa's armv at the start was composed
-""V " d bandits
m1'" '" A,
Eutranio Benavide's commended him-
.oie to viii a capable commander
and was rapidly advanced.
In the Tor-
, . , . j
"on campaign he was In command of
tne 6. " .
of the heavy fighting fell, both in as-
aault and in defense.
It waa General Benavides and his
brigade who saved the day for Villa
at Saurez Falacio in the critical mo-
ment when the federals were on the
point of winning.
After the campaign General uena-
.. . 1 1 J . .
vines was maae jeio o vi
head 'of the military administration of
the district, and taoui jnaaero, .a
younger brother of the murdered Pres-
ldent- vaJ ,ven command of the Zara-
gosa Brigade. Whether this was en-
tirely agreeable to General Benavidee
no one seems to know, though his
knowledge of the district gave him
special fitness for the position.
He is said to lean to the Carranza
element in the army without losing
. .. Tti 1 . ws 1 1
Among the men on horseback, and
.n.i tn continue on horseback
brought a considerable fighting force
to Villa's standard, but have kept their
hold on their own men after the man-
inal lie Is flanked by attendant false
hoods? Well, I never have.
A Vital Organ.
There is a queer organ called Con
science that talks to men and women
when they are alone. This funny men
tal talking machine Is especially hard
on lies. It is to the advantage of a
liar that he surround himself or her
self with such companions as '.rill
deaden the voice of the Inner monitor.
A woman liar makes her own net of
falsehoods and of friends. The very
safeguards she thinks she Is establish
ing sooner or later trap her and hold
her to the death.' A fly caught in a
spider's web is not such .a poor com
parison. The poor victim held by its
hind legs kicks aloose from that gossa
mer pinion, only to find Itself caught
ten times more securely ln a noose that
covers Its head and shoulders.
"All ye that enter here leave hope be
hind." The worst of all lies is the first lie,
harmless though lt may seem to be. It
is the tiny key that opens the gate to
that false paradise where one eats the
alluring fruits and finds too late that
they turn to Dead Sea ashes on the Hps.
"But," cries one, "would you have
me to be one of those candid people
who are so unpleasant that all the
friends they see coming toward them
are going the other way!"
Brntal Truth Unnecessary.
No, I wouldn't have you or anyone
go out of your way to tell the unpleas
ant truth. Neither would I advise any
one to ever hurt another's feetlng. by
something that were better left unsaid.
These arguments have een brought
forward since the father of lies Justi
fied the first one. But away down in
your heart, and ln mine, you know, as I
know, that we can usually evade an Is
sue that calls for a brutal truth that
might wound a friend. Tou are not
called upon to be an executor at a
friend's happiness very often. The lies
we tell and love to tell and keep on
telling are of an altogether different
It is ourselves we Injure most. And
which of us has the right to do this?
Certainly no woman married to a man
JUNE 21, 1914.
Kom. of then, Villa hat, been able to
discipline and to render obedient, aa
olrtler. eJwava are suDoosed to be. But
t , v .. ,..,i ,i.
Several control their brigades almost
as absolutely as If they were allies in-
stead of subordinate commanders. They
v,o- v.. .l,. Vnown
their views as to general military pol
icy and specific military operations,
even when those viewa were contrary
to the opinions known to be held by
. , .
When became apparent that dls-
satisfaction was spreading in the ranks.
Villa exerted himself to give an outlet
. xv Jt . . - ,, v ..j
t tn dissatisfied feeling by, provld-
" B"Ive. T .? ,
"' ""-' " "we - w
urni. iuj wuuiu um m !,
iu iu ue"ii"S.
The Generals Herrera Monclavlo and
Luis are usually in mind when any
one speaks of the independent Gen-
erals. They are, I believe, from the
mlnl.- rtistrlr-t of Parral
mining dUtnct ,f VmrrM.
have made their reputations as fight-
ers and the machine guns under their
direction at Torreon are claimed to
have been especially effective.
Monclavlo Herrera Is said to be tha
more aggressive of the two brothers,
t least more l heard of him. His In-
tentions alter tne war is over have not
J.ftn.J V, .. I I
wm uAxCu. . . .
monly accepted that he intends to hold
a prominent commano, eiuier in tne
military organization of any govern-
meht that may be evolved or on his
The future status of General Manuel
Chao. the deposed Governor of Chihua-
hua. is In doubt, but he has been one
of the men on horseback from the be-
ginning, was one of Villa's most ag-
gresslve commanders ln the early
4 a t -h 1 f a. t a
lowing. Whether he will become one
of the leadUi flarures In the dissentient
Independent commands ln their own
districts ana wno are naeiy to insist
on maintaining their positions. One
who believes ln her has the right to
deceive and lie to him about his friends
and to be absolutely sordid about
Again it isn't the He itself that hurts
It Is the principle back of lt What
husband would care If his wife had
paid $35 for a hat instead of $50, if she
were honest enough to tell him she
needed the $15 change for other things?
But the wife who wheedles a $50 hat
out of her husband, and who only pays
$35 for It, secretly keeping the $15
change, 1. corrupting her own morals
and undermining her own chance for
happiness. Every He Is a step deeper
Into the quagmire that will finally suck
I know a woman who boasted for
years that she deceived her husband
about bills by having things charged as
other than what they were. "I don't
wear hats on my head," she used to
boast, "but sheets and table cloths and
house linen generally!" Then would
follow her explanation that she bought
hats and expensive ' gowns and had
them charged as household necessltlea
There waa no need for her doing
this. Her husband was not a rich
man. but he was certainly very gener
ous to her. She followed this subter
fuge simply because lt gave her, al
she said, a sense of adventure to out
wit and deceive him.
The Test of heT story is not pleasant
reading. The thirst grew ln her for
adventnre and excitement Having
things charged as other than what
they were did not satisfy her ln time.
She began to cultivate people of whom
her husband did not approve. In this
lot were several men whose reputa
tions were well known.
"I don't really like them," again aha
confided, to her friends, "but they are
a certain Interest In life a spice. I
love my husband and respect him more
than any roan ln the world. But I must
have a little fun."
Clyde Fitch's play has many paral
lels in life. ' Silly, lovely Becky In
"The Truth." who met a man she didn't
care a rap about in such places as the
Eden Musee, at skating rink, and out
of the way tea .hci, I. very repre
sentative of the ' woman whose .ense
General Obrenon is a wealthy plant
er of middle aire, who never had much
military experience until he took his
stand agalrst Hurrta. He showed
marked talent for military organisa
tion and also in the field. As success
followed success his troops irrew.
Their numbers were augmented by
accessions from the defeated federals,
until In the states of Ponora and Blna-
loa he had a goodly slsed army at his
back with which to move on Mexico
Citv as the Pacific division of the con-
stitutlonalist arr.iy. of which General
Carranza. and not General Ilia, is
recognised as chief.
Yanui Indians formed part of General
Obregon's lighting force. The Taquls
always were against the DIM ; "
mnt Huerta made some of "P-
" """" "
to exterminate mem.
Whether the Taquls would submit to
the authority of any government at
Mexico City is doubtful, but they al-
ways can be relied on to fight. After
w c" "".l .
the naval demonstration oy -
lean warships ln the Gulf ot California
several hundred of them wanted to cf th. Iias reglma, when General Her
enlist under the American flag. nardo Reyes waa Secretary of War, he
General Obregon Is said to nave
. , -.,.- wifK h Tariuta and If
great Influence wltn tne xaquis. aim .
. .int.in it ha will have
he manages to maintain 11 ne win n
dJed P"" ln the "P11-
General Pablo Gonsales. the com-
mander of the constitutionalist armies
of the northeast.
la another member of the group
commanding officers who have not
. w)tn Villa. Ho Is a
w..,fv manufacturer. He went into
th d a(rainst Huerta and In his
mllitarv operations gave ample
- the axiom that war is do-
The capture of Tamplco gave the
constitutionalists their needed seaport
and Jn m way was as important as
the taking of Torreon by villa. 11
understood that General uonsaies
nr.ferred to take Tamplco without hav-
ilig to depend on neip irom vina. i
ne accomplished his purpose. He owes
aneglance to General Carranse as first
while the constitutionalist army Is
liberally supplied with brigadiers, not
au those who have shown military ca-
paclty could expect to achieve that
rank. But there has been given op-
portunlty to mount and ride a hore In
. m- T Ana-half v 1 1 r el M 1 a aaTi
within the .ame category.
They are the most truly representa-
all classes. Instead of trudging afoot
Tha Indian does not reflect that most
of his fellow peons are still going
of adventure is piqued by the fact that
the meetings are clandestine. The
woman ln real life that I knew was
even more unfortunate.
She went to dancing place, that were
questionable, at least There was no
reason why she should not have gone
to places where her husband had no
objection to her dancing. But lt was
the daring that appealed to her. A
dancing restaurant known to be slight
ly "off color" was to her as a more
piquant adventure than a dance In a
place where .he met all her husband-,
She was Innocent enough In reality,
for she was dabbling ln the adventures
only as a novice, but on a certain day
not long ago the restaurtant where
she was dancing caught on fire. The
dancers were trapped. She was burned.
Not badly, but It led to her downfall.
She lied and lied and lied, but to no
avail. Even then the truth would have
saved her, but she didn't tell lt Her
husband, his suspicions once aroused,
sifted thing, to the bottom. A divorce
followed. She , I. a most unhappy
woman today. The new friend, ahe
had cultivated a. a pastime meant
nothing In reality to her. But she wa.
not able to convince the man she de
ceived that this wa. so. Too late she
moans tha any woman who deviate,
from the truth makes the most awful
mistake a woman can make!
The Pink Fife draws.
It Is ao easy when one has told a
tiny He to add to It and to adit to it
Once I was at a ball where a girl lout
a long, white glove somewhere In the
upper room, she thought The truth
foot, althousta they are mrolUd
snldlnra He only Juan. r
or Jos, his old companions In mir
able exlltice, on horwbsrk. and i"
rood horsrs at that. In a rather dull
way he may think that hlff hp
pens they will Mill hav tnrlr hirn.
If the army is placed on, a p'
fontlns and there Is pl-e In It only for
Juan, while Jesus or Jore rll off tn
the hills ami Irad the fr rosmlnc
of the bandit, that will svm quits th
n.tur,i thins: to tlo. And If thr
,je., wno aut not r tn the link
whcn gav. them horsea, when es-
eomft begin to take the animal on
ti..lr . CCOunt that. too. will an-
pe qlllt. ,turi.
lt mu,t b. rrankiy recognised bf
those who wlnh well to the .urreeaful
revolutionists that the disbanding
the reorganising of the Irregular foreee
which have composed the -.rml.s" of
Northern Mexico Is going to -
. T " ' .' . " .1"
of the defeated Federal troops must be
Some form of army organisation and
military discipline would be a good
thlrfg for the Mexican masses. The so-
" "". ' "
canea reserves 01 wnicn jiuena no.ei-
ed are mythical. In the palmiest days
reinforced the regular army by whet
war -.n.H the "reservi.tae.' a
were canea tne reservieiaa. a
ahadowv mllltla orcanlaatlon
snaoowy militia organiioii
what like the National Guard In the
It was suspected that these "reaerv-
uplort Rey ln M, presidential am
Istas" were to be a personal arm t
bltlon. Dlas became alarmed at Rr"
rivalry and compelled him te give un
the war portfolio and return to Nuevr
leon as Governor, so that he route
be watched, later exiling him to Europe
under the pretense of a military com-
mission. Tha reservlstas wera
once disbanded, and after that
nothing In Mexico whlrh resem
popular military organisation.
A reorganised rural mounted poll'-,
will be one of the first measures of
whatever government Is established
at Mexico City. It will take time be-
rore these rurales can oecome as ei-
fectlve aa they were during the Dlas
fui. Thr control Is likely to become
a bone of contention.
What Is moat feared Is the control
0f armed force, by leader, who will
acknowledge only a loose allegiance to
the central authority, as some of
nia s generals are threatening to do
Moreover. om. of the constitutional-
I t n I a fa vji nA ft HAI w aa r k?l a n w 1 1 fl
states, and they epect to exercise
pretty complete authority. Including
the men on Boreebs.a
ill do with
Copyright 114. by Charle M. Terror
was .ha hart dropped It In the mri
nervatory. After th. s.arrh for It hs
progreeaed about flv. minute. It wa
announced that she had lost both
She described them being M but
tona. and declared It waa Juat her lu'-k
to lose the prettiest pair of gloves
had. They wer. Imported, ehe all.
They were a prea.nt. Oh! If It had
been sny other glove!
Finally someone found ne very
much soiled U-bittlon glov. In th con
servatory. It wa. a glove Ih.t hmA
tCoscluld .a rut